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V 116.1 


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. r -*. 




















vol. n. 

OCTOBER, 1817, TO APRIL, 1818. 

Monthly Magaaines have opened a way for every kind of inquiry and information. The intelligence and 
dhw union contained in thero are very extensive and various ; and they have been the means of diffnting a 
general habit of reading through the nation, which in a certain degree hath enlarged the public understand- 
ing. HERE, too, are preserved a multitude of oseful hints, observations, and facts, which otherwise might 
have never appeared.— Dr. Kippi$* 


Published bt MUNROE and FRANCIS, No. 4, Corn hill, 
Corner of Wattr-Slrttt. 


Published foff-roowtVity, at $5 per annum* 

„ —Digitized by VjOOQI 


P 120./ 

Harvard Col la e ! *t>rary 

Gift of 


Barton Library Society 

Jal 18,1922 


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JLHE present number completes the second volume of the Atheneum, 
and the first year of its publication. Justice to our own feelings, not 
less than to the liberality of the public, demands our grateful ac- 
knowledgements for the encouragement, which prompted to the attempt, 
and has brightened our prospects with our success. The constant in- 
crease of patrons has gratified those views of interest, which we confess 
were not an inconsiderable motive to the undertaking ; but we aspired 
to another satisfoction...that of finding our compilation approved by 
those, whose countenance might be considered as evidence that the se- 
lection was conducted with judgment, affording a pleasant repast to the 
literary reader, as well as to the greater number who are in quest of 
light amusement to refresh the mind after the toils of business. If we 
may judge of our fare, by the character of those who honour our table 
ffhAU* we need not fear the sneers of the fastidious critic. Thus 
we are not only flattered by the degree, but the kind, of success, which 
attends our efforts to please and be useful. 

Instead of exhausting our resources, and* faUing-off from a want of " 
materials, our means are constantly accumulating,...affording, from 
month to month, a wider and richer field for selection. We trust, the 
tenor of our future numbers will prove our solicitude to procure * and - 
give prompt circulation to £he latest and the best. Our supplies are 
not fortuitous ; at a considerable expense, we are regularly furnished 
with every British work, which, from established reputation or satis- 
factory recommendation, we judge suited to the views of our readers, , 
and calculated to enhance the value of the Atheneufft* 

As to the style of the mechanical executidn% v we amwilling this pub- 
lication should be compared with the neatest of the kind. We promise 
no more than perseverance in critical attention to the typography, and 
in providing what may be necessary to the beauty and uniformity of 
the work. The plan of semi-monthly numbers has been much appro- 
ved ; we shall therefore continue it,...and hope that the rigid punctu- 
ality we have hitherto observed will be considered a fair pledge for 
our future regularity. 

Boston, March 14, i 8 1 8 . 

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to vol. n. 


ABBEY of Irrelagh 
Adventures of a pebble 

Address to Kemhle, the tragedian 143 

Aped Author 309 

Atnsworth's Latin Dictionary, revised by 
Gary, notice of 

Alcohol from potatoes 
' All Saints 

All 8oult 

American Wonders 

Amherst's, lord, embassy to China 

Amusements of Young Men 

Ancient ceremony 
^Ancient Scottish Customs 

Anecdote of the Elephant 

• . - Sheridan 

Anecdotes of Mozart's childhood 

. '. - . Emperor Joseph 2d. 

Anecdotes of the d og 

Animal Magnetism 

Animal sagacity 

Annunciation B. V. M. 

Answer to a Query 

Anthropophagi, or cannibals 

Antipathy of the Romans to perfumes 


Aplin, AdminJ 

Apollonicon Organ 

Arbatbnot, capt. of the Avon 
Artificial congelation 

Artificial navigation 

A<h Wednesday 

A imosphere at different seasons 

A ottcn, Jane 

958 Charity, from Fuller 
26U Chateaubriand 

Chemical matches 

Cheselden and the convict 

China, embassy to, 

Choiseul, Count de 


Cocoa oil 

Coffee, its first introduction 

Coftee, its virtues 

Cognoscenti puezled 

Col de Balroe 

Coleridge's Biographia Literaria 

381,474 Colter the Hunter 

396 Comparison of Kean, Kemble and Cooke 

397 Conange, monsieur de 
230 Conquest of Taranto, notice of 

Conscience, from South 

410, 451 Contemporary authors 
160 Conversion of St Paul 

410, 451 

Cooke, the tragedian 

Cooke, Capt. real 


Countess of Luzberg and Bonaparte 


Cruelty to animals 


476 , 
288, 329, 382 

of his death 






Bail lie, Joanna, memoirs of 
Barberry Bush 

Beauties of French scenery 
Beauty and good sense in females 
Beaufort's Voyage to Asia Minor 
Beet, carious particular in 

Birmingham Riots 
Bonaparte and Murat 
Bonaparte, anecdotes of 
...... Manuscript speech of 

- and St. Helena 

Botanical effects of climate 
Bottle sunk in the ocean 
Board earn: and its environs . 
Bradbury's travels in America 
Brazil, history of 
British embassy to Pekin 
'Bran's, Mrs. Letters from Rome 
Burning Bosh 
Burying in church-yards 
Byroo's Poetry, nature of 
Byron's Style criticised 


487 Cultivation of Literature 
200/ Cupid and Psyche 

488 Cumin's Life 

481 Caerny Georges 
356 Dance in Spanish A 

482 Danger of nnirk iimn 
48S Dauphin, (I h X\ H 

David's picture of Cupid and Psyche 160, fr*. 

Davy, sir Humphrey, &c. K*» 

Death on the pate horse, West's picture 52 i 

Death of the Princes* Charlotte 

De Courci, a ot w puiui 

Deleterious effects of Opium 

Denbam, the poet, his character 

Dry of Tripoli's present to the Regent 

Dickie, its harbour 

Disposal of time 

Dispute for precedence 

Distillation from potatoes 

Diving Bell, accident by the 

Dom Raphael's Travels 
















• 28 














J 60 


143, Tr 

Drunkenness t .reasons for practising it 61 

Duchess d' A ugouleroe ! ' ; \' 

Dnrhess of Devonshire *f J 
Dufief's Nature displayed in London bo 

Canine pathology 

fanova s Cup'uf 

Caraboo's Life, notice of 

Carey on a Coffee simmerer 

Carrol, James 


Chalmer's Discourses, notice of 

Chamber of love 

Change of manners in Scotland 

Characters, manners and customs of Todia 333 

Characters of mesd. de Stael and de Genlis 9 

Charcoal, dangerous use of 484 

Earthquake at the Caraccas 

Faster Day 

Easter Eve 

Easter Sunday at Rome 

Easter Monday 

410,451 East India Missions 

149 Economy of French Cookery 

160, 200 Edgcv* wrth's Life, notice of 

~" Elegants of the 18th and 19th century 
Elephant, anecdotes of 
Elephant'* trip to the fair 
Embassy of China >y lord Amherst 288, 329, W 
Ember week 36** , 

Encouragement to population 4 S3 

Encyclopedia Metropolitan 13 *f 

English literature, prctent state of '-'(» 

English poetry, present state of 217, 342, 431 


. 490 




3* : 6 


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i Society, sketches of 
ny •" 

on (ml) lie credit 
ogical Anecdote 

_■ UOUrS 

fruits and flowers 
Kxui » i menu with sugar 

.m id u coal mine, near Durham 

09 of knowledge 
l.xteni of the universe 
i^w 1 1 action of heat 

it) medicines, fatal e fleets of 
ale benevolence 
Female influence 
Ftomale heroism 
bar ban sin 

tn, or popular preacher 
•» reserved in sea voyages 
1 affectation 

, by lady Morgan, notice of 
■in** correspondence 
of fortune 

cookery, its economy 
1 < Anecdotes 

Revolution, new work by de 
1 and South, selections from 

M rvS 

I art ado, the Jew 


mad ame d e , her charac ter 

. - of Chainouni 
'a Fleece 

'i 1 


ant de Clioisenl 
(kill .r tragedy, by Molluer 

memoirs of 
present state of 
l a chttrncters of Shaktpcare 

•a t'rovence 
. id firmness 

--. meiiuil effects of 
. bishop 
unied thief 
1 the Philanthropist 
ear, work on the 
so Countess UoutHer* 
lie Bird 
memoir* of 

219,442 Keao tlie tragedian 186,293 

272 Keat's poems % 50 

104 Kemble the tragedian 143,186,293 

80 Kosciusko, memoir of 388 

144 Kotzebue's voyage round the world 214,244 

352 J£otzebne,.A. Von 236 


62 La Fayette 91 

483 L'Ape Italiaoa 335,422 

120 Lalaode-and de Stael 103 

237 Lancaster on further improvements in ed- 
482 ucation 57 

482 Larocbe Jaqueline 236 

Laudanum 488 

240 Larocbe Jeaqneline, anecdote of 476 
481 Legend* of Lampidosa 5,85,171,324,401 
308 Le Savant a Table 237 

28 Letters to a mother on the management of 

486 children ^^ 460 
434 Letter of madame de Stael to Talma 155 • 
254 Letters from London, III, 176, IV. 208, V.# 
481 248, VI. 442 

236 Letters from a Swiss Traveller in America 209 

64 letters from Rome, by Mrs. Bran 1 
398 Letters from a father 10 bis son 20, 51, 136,210 
481 Letter from David Home 382 

19 Loaves in Herculaneum 482 

133 Locusts 59 

Stael 159 London Literary Intelligence 319,320 

218,456 Lord de Grey, or the stoic 283 

398 Lord Mayor's day 151 

their Louis XVIII. and the husbandman 65 

32, 233 Love and Madness, a romance 47, 107, 304 

488 Locian, Saint 272 

Luminous Landscapes 396 

237 Lycidas 309 

272 Madeira, description of 421 

44 Magnetism 309 

358 Magazine Day in London 79 

475 Management of children 460 

1, 432 Man his own horse 148 

474 Mary, queen of Scots 356 

487 Marmion 200 
251 Match-making in England 183 

Maundy Thursday 430 

224 Mechanical powers of navigation . 120 

241 Mellish, colonel, his life 486 

65 Memoir of Talma, the French Garrick 33 

488 Madame de Stael 66, 154 

456 Robert Soothe v, esq. 189 

483 Count de St. Morya 193 

13 Schiller the poet 196 

272 William Hutton * 35, 71 

397 Thomas Moore, 152 

273 Haydo the composer 234 

240 Werner, the Geologist 273 

332 Princess Charlotte 312 

104 John Philpot Curran 346 

35, 71 ----- Joanna Bai ie """ 


• - - General Kosciusko 391 

311 Mental weakness 435 

nds 406 Mental effect of High Mass 13 

lion of obscure proverbs 30, 116, 150 Mericouct the regicide 488 

. inteof an in the production of life 116 Messier the Astronomer, his life 485 

482 Midlent Sunday 428 

.i-ihod of preseiving 200 Miraculous image at Halle 1 241 

32 Missions in the East Indies 8 

v.iMini by ln&ectf 483 Modern wonders 309 

3*4 Modern Greece 45$ 

335, 422 Modern power of music 4 

Modern farmer's daughter 219 

426 Monument to Hofer, Palm. Ac. 236* 
235 Monument to persons killed by charcoal 484 

269 Mountain scenery in Switzerland 178 

434 Mozart's' Requiem, account of 180 

159 Childhood, anecdotes of 230 

"Mu«hro<.m«. their strength 1 17 

97 Mumc by Mozart lfcj 

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y, Francis, etc}, eharactcrof 
kt. the provincial i .alma 
1 1, nf (irnnany 
Settling, Dr. 
ixa Identified, notice of 

: I l 


Naiad, a poetic tale 44S Sacrificing a black Fig 

Napoleon pient par lui-meme 398 Saint David's day 

Narrative of a voyage to New Zealand 121,996 Saint Gregory 
Haturalist's diary, Jan. 310,Feb. 293, Mar. 469 Saint Patrick 

Needlework by machine* 
Neglected Biograph y 
New marine animals 
New magnetic power 
New coffee House in Paris 
New Historical work 
New Prophetess 
New- Year's day 
^Nicholas's voyage 
Notices of new books 
Nothing bat French 
November seven 



Old picture at Epping 
Orlila's Chemistry, notice of 
Original letter an beaoty and good sense 
osman, a poem 
Oxford Encyclopedia, notice of 


Paradise, an eastern legend 

Parallel to madame Lavalette 

Parisian, or legends of *Lampidosa 

Parisian anecdotes 

Parisian Hospitals 

Patent blacking 

Percy, dake of Northumberland 

Perfumes, antipathy of the Romans to 


Petrified beach of Selinty 

Philadelphia, account or 

Phrosyne, a Grecian tale 

Pictures on painted glass 

482 Saint Agatha 
309 Saint Valentine 

80 Saint Blaise 

80 San Sebastian, description of 

150 Scottish custom 

151 Scott's poems, criticism on 
151 Scandal 
971 Schiller the poet, sketch of 

131,296 Service of Swallows 
80,159 Shrove Tuesday 

111 Sheridan, anecdote of 
309 Shakspeare 

Shakspeare and his times 
151 Shilli beer's voyage to Pitcarin's Inland 



4 l J9 

353 Similarities in ancient and modern writings 55 

160 Sincerity 
446 Singularities 
445 Skating 
159 Sketches of Bath 

Sketches of London society 
430 Sketches of Swiss sccnerv 
308 Sketch of Kemble and Keun 

28 Snow, its nature 
5 Southey, remarks on 

91 Soutbey's history of Brazil 

95 Southcotfs followers 
481 Sou they die poet, memoirs of 
485 South Americao liberality 
150 Spaniard, a Legend 
429 Speech of Booaparte 
131 Stael, madame de, her character 
253 Steam engines, explosion of 




J85, IKo 





9, 66, 154 


478 Stevenson's paper to tlie Royal society 
29 Stone, cure tor the 

Picturesque Tour, notice of 159 Stuart, Dugald, memoirs of 

Pirates oescendautsof the Lacedemonians 131 Subject of uu Italian tragedy 

Pitcairn't Island 

Pleasures of a virtuous life 

Plough Monday 

Poison of Vipers 

Poisoning the sick French 

Poole, col. James 

Portlock, capt N. 

Potash from potatoes 


Power of Music 

Preceptor's assistant, notice of 


Present state of the Turco Greek ish 

Parificatieo B. V. M. 

Quack medicines 
Quassia, its virtues U' 

Queen of Scots Ring ^ 






419 Sucking fish 

235 Sufferings of the French Royal Fam'ly 
116 Sultana Valide 

483 Superstition 41 '- 4 i 

91 Swallow-tribe, observations on J 59 

488 Swiss Traveller in America 209,253,299 

440 Talma, memoirs of, from lady Morgan 35 

439 Tarsus, the birth place of Paul I J* , 

4 Taste in female dress 37^/ 

159 Tavistock Canai U' * 

SO Tea, its first introduction 1 '.* 

Tiger hunt 116 

199 Travels in America 209, 253- 29? 

55 Theatrical amusements m 3S> 

135 Tboen'a Narrative of his sufferings 265, *V) 

354 Time's Telescope for January *i7i 

........... February &VI 

88 March 4*28 

30 Tombs, extract from Fuller 234 

481 Travels, in America 462 

354 Tdckey, captain 481 

Rachel, a tale 65 

Raasazan, the 99 

Regulations of steam boats 159 

Revel's Statement 91 

Reynolds, Sir Joshua 273 

Rhubarb, substitute for fruit 263 

Ring of the queen of Scots 481 

Riots io Birmingham 35, 71 

Rivers, fresh and salt water 160 

Roads 482 

Robinson Crusoe, true account of 63 

Rosemary 31 1 

Russian anecdote 435 

' Rutland Cavern 14$ 

Valentine's day 356 

Varieties, critical, literary and historieal 

28, 62, 116, 144, 233, 308, 396, 474 
Vegetables, number of known 135 

Vincent, saint 273 

Virtues of Coffee 23 

Vow of the pheasant W 

Voyage round the world VM*. $W 

Wanderer, chap. i. 100, chap. H. 125, chap. 

iii. 342. chap. iv. 375 , 
Waterloo Bridge 41W 

Werner, the geologist ?73 

West's new picture 321 . 

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V hitc, ll^nrj Kirke 
White hear 
Whimsical duet 
Winter in Stockholm 
Wind of a haJl 
Witch, description of 


Wounded at Waterloo 44J 

Wooden in France 446 

Yea* *82 

Zoma, a tale by de Genlis 161, 202 

Zadig, laid to be a plagiarism 183 


Anacreontic 47 7 

Answer to firey's Sonnet 278 

Artist's Institution, address of the, a poem 17 
A rah' stent *?5 

Axteria rocking the cradle *'o 

Bee, to the JS? 

BHtold this mini 'twas a skull ^ 438 

Blest was mankind in kingly Saturn's days 317 
Breathes there a soul in this gay scene of 


Burial of Sir John Moore 

Byron's Lament of Tasso 

Cam boo 

Chatterton, lines by 

Dead sea 

Death of Hofcr 

Death Song 

Dirge on the Funeral of the Princess 

Disappointed Hope 
Doctor and his Medicine chest 
Druid and witch 
Bd ward's Urn 
Elegy of Tibullus 
Epitaph for Hon. Mr. Erakine 
Epitaph to an unfortunate young lady 

•H oh be my parting tribute paid 

•U to the World 

, Sorrow*. 

■lit of an unpublished poem 


man in the air balloon 

if the Convict 
i i*ignan 
of Flowers 

Bye, a romantic tale 
veet is day when lull'd to rest 
rite, to an 
. by Schiller 

low, or the Kiss 
hade »f man 
dual Enjoyment 
Joj h A Grief 

t of Tasso, a poem, by Byron 
i Igment 
\ of Dunbar 
legend of Mona 
I.e temps fait passer Varaour 
by W. Hay ley, Esq. 
hi a Fly f 

MM-Hiig an edifice iiillannab More s 
n 19B 












Lines on the imprisonment of Tasso 

Lomond's Isle 

Loo Table 

Love and Folly 

Mary's eye 

Memory of Sophia 

Minstrel's Meed * 

Morning, a fragment 

Moslem bridal song 

My little Room 

Navigation, the, by Gesner 



No tales of love to you I send 

Ode on Kemble,by Campbell 

Ode to memory 

Ode to the memory of Samuel Webbe 

Old man's song 

Old musical instrument 

Ode to memory 

O melancholy bird, a winter's day 

On being told to remember 

On the death of a child 

Paraphrase of psalm xc. 

Pearl Island 

Poem to the memory of a young lady 

Power of Poetry 

Provence, autumnal evening in 

Prussian Frontier Eagle 

Queen Louisa of Prussia 

Recipe for making a woman 

Relics from Waterloo 


Ruling passion 

Ruins of Jerusalem 















Sonnet to a bird 

Soldier's widow 

Sonnet, by Grav 

Sonnet to Phoebus 


Stern Winter hence removes, &c. 

Sweet scented flower! who art wont to 

bloom 311 

The heart's a sweet but mild flower 158 

The tear 438 

The sparks that shoot from beauty's eyes 479 
This blooming world is but a thorny bower /9 
Think not because thy quiet day 233 

To a lady at the Piano »f 

To Eden's bowers, those lovely bowers 318 
Translation from Horace 438 

Verses to the brook of Borrowdale 
Vision of Spcckbachr 


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1 V 




NO. l.] B08TOJT, OCTOBER 1, 1817. [VOL. It 



Palm-Sunday, March %60i, 1809. her soul,* burned six solitary tap£f>?^ 
T INCLOSE you two poetical effu- while a reddish twilight yet penetrated 
•1 sions, which suggested themselves du- from the top of the dome. At the dpor 
ring a quarter of an hour of profound of the temple I turned about once more, 
emotion, on the distribution of palms on and my soul was divided between grief 
Palm Sunday, and the wished-for bene- and hope. / 

diction on Maundy Thursday. You Easier Sunday. " Whence comes* 
know my way, from my childhood, and tho u, Magdalen, beaming with joy V* — 
that my capricious Muse will not be woo* " From the grave of the Lord ! r have 
ed, but visits me jfjtt when she pleases, seen the living conqueror of death Vy" 
At such times my heart throbs violently Such were the words of life that salu, 
and my eyes often overflow, so that I us to-day at St. Peter's. The organ t 
scarcely see the paper or hold my pen. the orchestra were in front of the high 
Good Friday evening. We are just tar, where a spacious quadrangle of s& 
come from Su Peter's, where to-day all received the clergy ; the rest of the coi 
has been silent mourning. Long did we gregation stood. This way of Dorforn 
walk there under the echoing vaults till ing the music is not so favourable for tlit 
the gloom of night with all its mysterious execution, as when it is givoo m oo&^c ' . 
terrors began to envelop us. The hun- the side chapels ; but it admits of a great^ 
dred lamps, at other times constantly or number of hearers, and the effect is . 
burning round the grave of the apostles, more solemn. The tones are often lost' 
gradually expired : the altars of the saints in the prodigious space, or break against? 
also were wrapped in darkness at the the massive pillars ; on the other hand, it 
hour in which the Redeemer cried It is is rendered more impressive, by the idea 
finished ! The victorious cross, which of the vastneas of the place. The toru> 
used to be so resplendent, threw not to- die away, and you meet them again lit 
day its light through the vast space : for walking, like harmonies wafted tVc?m> 
the church herself mourns, bowed down higher world : they escape you wherti 
in the dust, and needs consolation. Be- y-m expected them ; but all at once A 

lore the altar of the mother only, who has — - ^ ■ \ 

her dead son on her lap, and a sword in * Michael Aagefo's celebrated #<UrL 

B Vol.2. AtH EN EVK. Pieia. J* 

igitizedbyVjC'4t / _ 

%'• t 

Mrs. Rruris Litters from Rome. [vol. * f 

Jiood of n.tkJv pours down upon yoh the whole neighbourhood to the windows, 

from the cupola. You must recollect, and many even from their beds, to listen 

\>ro\ \wt, bow often our late father used to to bis strains. By degrees, these sweet 

(an.cnt ihat tho*-- means which work upon strains became less freauent, and more 

t; <.' i.obirr of \l*> sensual feelings of man, melancholy ; till at length one evening a 

.i.oso whiih exalt the soul and the peculiarly doleful farewel song called the 

thought*, were no little employed in the cruel maiden to the grave of her misera- 

L"t!n Fan w ore hip, though they are by no Ue lover,* in tones so moving and pa- 

r. w.i-i e\. -luded from it. thetic that all the hearers burst into tears. 

Jpri' tiih. The, great benediction was Baldini was seen no more at Rome, and 

not given— bat I mien to the history of my his obdurate chartoer foon gave her hand 

two poem^. I showed them to my friend to another. » 

the CavaliereGberardo de' Rossi, one of *• Some years afterwards/* continued 

the first poets and Iterating?, well as one my friend, " I was present in a church at 

ct the beat men in Rome. He immedi- Rome,duringa procession of priests who 

auiy made a spirited translation of them passed me singing. A voice, the sweet- 

into Italian, which we sent on Wednes- ne9sof which awakened certain indistinct 

rLy is the Passion Week to the Pope, recollections, attracted my notice. I lis- 

with only this signature: DaunaSignora tened, and looked more attentively — It 

Forustiera. Tiio author however was was Baldini. His pale emaciated face, 

soon guessed, -ncl some days afterwards illumioed by the soft light of the taper, 

his Ho 1 . iocs j ^bt tstme his private secre- he glided past me like a shadow, with 

tary, th- Abbate Baldini, to thank ram in down-cast eyes o r rather rose, as if from 

h- name, aad to say, that " it gave him the grave, kefore me. I fastened to him, 

rival pleasure to find that a foreigner, a and found him calmly resigned, having 

I'f.rtestant, an ingenious poetess, and an received comfort from above. He re* 

aM Jt- \voman,thoughtso well of him."* turned by degrees into the world, visiting 

Pit; < nv I was desired to send him the in a few select circles, especially where 

Genwvi original rlelpropriopugno — "in he meets with music." 

uy .-m, har.d- v, iting." Tbisldid,and Thus far my friend. We actually 

t: ; :tid a liter:.! translation of it made into found this generous victim of love at the 

Me l y opag.mda. house of the Countess Carradori,a native 

f * v - private secretary of Pius VII. is of Vienna. She is the best singer off the 

w\ extremely interesting man, especially stage at Rome. In ber early youth, she 

ii4 wor r. Since I have got into the song at the theatre in Vienna. There she 

olive style of female memoirs, I must re- was seen and heard by Count Carradori, 

to vou me history of the Abbate Bal- and the celebrated air in Ciroarosa's Ho- 

, .'* rommunicated to me by a mutual ratii — Belle pupille tcnere, performed by 

mi m nearly the following words : — a most exquisite voice, and accompanied 

•' 1 h ^u-hV said he, •* near the Ro- by eyes not less beautifbl than those are 

ija, v i -n ifc'-jini, a young Roman of supposed to be to which this enchanting 

promiiir ; al-ili'ics was engaged in the song is addressed, made a conquest of the 

-lydjr nt :ht \w. He conceived a passion heart of the Roman Count. Their union 

Ifflrfcy^g teiurte, who also lived near has been peculiarly happy. There we 

♦KlWt<-on,but from whom he met with saw for the first time the yet pale and 

noretnru. This attachment revived his mildly melancholy Baldini.' When the 

p\trsor.iii y tal* nt for music, which had Countess Carradori, who is quite a Ro- 

v ; . iui'J to mv( •,* studies, and every even* man in her encouragement of promising 

r ihr PV -e of the Pantheon was enli- talents, sung Mozart's sweetest duet, Deti 

. iiol win l'al lini's songs, both the perdoni al primo offetto, with my Ida, 

, >iV <mr n j sic )f which were his own who is yet no more than fourteen years 

-* i f ttioD ILs enchanting voice, ac- old, Baldini said — QutMa Ragazza non 

. p - iifl >v v i masterly guitar, drew sa la muvica, ma $ la musica — *• she is 

.ep etiUaa of these compli- not a musician,she is music itself." Thus 

> a- if his Holiness, especially • Quivi it tuo detuw amort, accompanied by inf<tmbU y and of course the guitar, has become a popular song of the 

t -. criticize them. Romans. 

* ' 



r*jt » 

?'/ v\ r 

( <'* * 





;!fr» i 

» UH 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

tot. 2.^ Afn. Bruri* Letter* from Rome. "& 

yoa see ibis Baldini is destined to tell healthy, though he subsists almost entire* 
me what I am fondest of heari n g but \y open eggs, milk, and vegetable diet- 
nothing from him affords me so much so that I frequently call him in joke, 
pleasure as his heart-thrilling strains. our Brahmin. Lately, indeed, he has 

Before I close this letter I will pat Up been prevailed upon by the remonstrances 
for you a print — an indifferent one in- of the physicians, who have for some time 
deed — engraved from a miniature of the -past suspected a weakness of his optic 
Pope, and which appeared last summer nerves^ to admit some animal food and a 
while I was in Tuscany, In a few days small quantity of generous wine to his 
12,000 copies of it were sold: the hermit-like tabk. I never quit the sacred 
French general then caused it to be shades about his habitation without feel- 
bought up, fearing lest the contagion of iog myself better than when I went tbith* 
this enthusiasm might spread over all er— and let me leavl Rome when I will* 
Italy. It has no other merit than that amoug my many great sorrows, the keen- 
of being a striking likeness. est will be the parting from D'Agincourt. 

April 30. Difficult as it is in these What must be the sentiments of Uiia ex- 
times to form acquaintance with the high- cellent old roan on the part which his 
er clergy, I have nevertheless had the' countrymen ace now performing at 
pleasure to see Cardinal Erskine several Rome you may easily conceive, 
times at my house. He is a most arnia* July 4. Will you hear a pretty le* 
Me, accomplished, and elegant old man, gend ? — On the day when the proclama- 
combining the most polished manners tiou of the complete, occupation of the 
with the diguity of bis station. But the Roman states on the pari of the foench 
crown aod heart of my acquaintance here emperor .appeared, a white pigeon hew 
w the Chevalier d'Agincourt, now 80 in at one of the windows of the Pope * 
years of age. We are as much attached apartments. ..The attendants endeavour- 
to him as though we were his children, ed to drive it out again, but in vain ; 
aud he loves us with paternal affection, the bird flew to and fro in the lofty rooms 
This gentleman possesses all the quali- far above their reach. As their effort* 
ties whirl* in la bonne vielle France most were fruitless, and served only to disturb 
advantageously distinguished individuals the Pope, the bynd was left in quiet pos- 
at his time of life — buoyant vivacity, del- session, and food and drink were placed' 
icacy of feeling, that gallantry of the for it, that it might not perish for want. 
heart in the intercourse with our sex The etherial creature, however, would 
which is peculiar to the southern nations, not touch any thing earthly ; neither 
and which the French expressed more would it quit the place tilt the burl of 
tenderly than any other. Such is he as excommiuu'cation was prepaceB, when it 
a Freochman ; but the qualities which suddenly darted out at the same window 
adorn him as a man are of far greater by which it bad entered thrice twenty- 
importance, and do not belong exclusive- four hours before ! 
ly to any nation. D'Agincourt has that St. Peter's was never so thronged as 
lofty purity of soul above the reach of at the late festival of the Apostles. Great 
all profanation, that pious simplicity of numbers of country-peop^ were there; 
heart which a highly favoured few alone but even the Romans are gib wing devout 
preserve amid the storms of life, and from attachment to this Pope ; aud that, 
which surround them already here below you well know, is saying a great deal, 
with the radiance of immortality — In a Among the many altars of the vast ca the* 
pretty house on the Trinila tli Monti he dral, the most frequented by the people 
liwa retired from the bustle of the world, was the tomb of the holy Pope Leo, 
devoting himself to the study of antiqui- where Algardi's prodigious basso-relievo, 
ty* an^l the care of a charming garden representing the appearance of the two 
which he planted himself at the age of Princes of the Apostles to Attila, is 
seventy, and in the shade of which be placed. Hence ascended the most (er* 
now delights to walk.. There we find vent prayers for " deliverance fir 
him among his flowers which he is fond scourge of mankind, and sUcc/' 
of cultivating with his own hands. Not- *above in theabsenceof all ea 
jf Unhanding his advanced years, he is 

* ' ' Digitized by G00gle 

©H'Maste, {vo*.*. 


Mfc.(fe»*w, F<*.10,1«IT. «o distinct as to raise a Mush on the 

AS I hate long known and loved tike cheeks of those who were thus betrayed, 

harmony of your spirit, and that in the ieoond Act many fans were held 

Although we are neither of us vfery able up to hide agape as long as when the 

perfbrmera in the Science of Music, yet thumb and forefinger are siretched wide 

we bare sometimes, as the M Laborum apart ; however, until this time I had 

duke Lenimen,™ sought the concord of been suffered to enjoy the concert in 

sweet sounds — you are, therefore, the quiet ; but a lady near me began now to 

fittest friend I hate to sympathise with grow very uneasy, and leaned across 'me 

me in the following case r During the to her friend, and talked of a visit the 

last recess I had the pleasure of being day before, and most rapidly quizzed all 

present at a celebrated' annual festival of the compariy "while Milton's u Sweet 

Music, where the first Performers were Echo* engaged the performers. I 

met, the highest harmony pr ese r ve d, and changed seats wHh her, which, as the 

the most fashionable audience assembled, lady was remarkably fat, occasioned a 

Indeed I had been informed that so con* disturbance to the rows before and be- 

vinced were every family for many miles hind, for which, of course, I alone was to 

round, that both taste and execution btame. The Orchestra lost no time, nor 

wonM o.^ ?r . *'most the Commemora- any credit, for the whole selection was 

*:o* -J Ih&ikl, that the most eager so- the most judicious I had ever heard; 

hn.y ,, lS for tickets of admission had but it did not secure them from the un- 

t ..-;j n»an << sted ; and those who had governed propensity of the people to talk 

r •*•* tppii* u t\irh , and others who had not about any thing the most foreign to th'e 

;pi! ■•'. at all, v, 3re actually despised, as purpose ; and when the whole closed 
not worthy of being associated with or with the grand Chorus in the Messiah, 
noticed by their neighbours, and they the company rejoiced more at the close 
were, in short, become less than nothing, than the performance, which they never- 
Such was the Christian consolation of theless most candidly applauded. Now, 
these friends. Animated by this ardent Sir, all this led me to reflect whether the 
expectation, I esteemed every family I power of Music is real or imaginary. If 
saw in this crowded assembly equal in there were not something genteel in the 
musical skill to Cramer or Beethoven entertainment, I doubt wb^her any as- 
themserves : and as I boast the taste of semblage would ever be collected to hear 
an Amateur, it was very gratifying to it. Tt moves the passions ; but as soon 
me, to anticipate the profound attention as it ceases, nay, indeed, when but little 
and the scientific observations of tbose of it has been given, ennui seems to pre- 
near whom I had the honour to be placed, vail, and it leaves nothing for the mind. 
When the Orchestra first oprned, the Like a steam-engine, ft has all the effect, 
the silence wsab which the first part of till the heat evaporates, or, like a gas- 
the Grand Overture was heard, afforded light it is extinguished. — The want of 
roe the most satisfactory hopes that equal National Music at a battle has been 
attention would be paid to the whole ; the known cause of that Nation failing, 
but no sooner was it closed, than a gen- Orpheus and Pan, and Apollo himself, 
tleman who appeared to understand it, have done wonders amongst the brutes 
remarked it was very fine, but his lady and human animals of heathen mytholo- 
thought it rather, too long. The first gy ; but, Sir, such enlightened auditors 
Act proceeded, and was accompanied are not reserved for modern tii * ;— 
wi'h remarta not more profemd : the and every pa?t <" d i shepherd that pipul 

- Ti;ohoates furnished rare opportonitiVs hislny *o Ins Hock while his Colmet was 
Lossipofthe dav to begin : ,ind kind, Lit thorn to their animal recjua- 
•aore wis a rr* ■»»■ an abrapt^tions, and hnngrhis lute npon some bond- 
ices of half whisper were ing will, v whenever she frowned— -Mi' = 

Digitized by 



Lcgtndi e/ La*na*dbt**« Tht Perish*. 

ate then lost its power. I questioned 
much with myself whether it has any 
general power or not 9 and, without los- 
ing time, I shall now refer you to a high 
authority, .whose judgment is deservedly 
naked upon the highest of Moses' seat. 
" Being in the country one day," said 
Vi*neul Marville, Professor of Music, 
•* f bad a mind to see whether beasts, as 
it is commonly said of them* take plea- 
sure in Music. Whilst my companion 
was playing upon an instrument, I con* 
eidered attentively a cat, a dog, a horse, 
«n ass, an hind, some cows, some little 
birds, and a cock and bens, which were 
in the court below the .window where 
we stood. The cat paid no regard t*> 
tbe Music, and, to judge by his physi- 
ognomy, he would have given all the 
symphonies in the world for a mouse,; 
be stretched himself out in the, sun, and 
went to sleep. Tbe horse stopped short 
before tbe window, and, as he was grac- 
ing, be raised his bead from time to time. 
Tbe dog sat him down like a monkey, 
fixing bis eyes etedfestly on the Musi* 

elan, and contiotttd a long time in the- 
same posture, with the air and attitude c£ 
a connoisseur. Tbe ass took no notice 
of us at all, munehmg hw thistles very 
demurely. The hind set up her Urg? 
broad ears, and teemed to be extremely 
attentive. The cowe gave us a look, 
and then marched off. The little bird* 
in a cage and on the tree* strained their 
throats and sang with tbe utmost eager- 
ness ; whilst the cock minded nothing 
but the hens, and the hens busied them* 
selves in scratching the duaghilL" 

Tbe late Dr. Jortin, who studied 
Music for relaxation from his laborious 
writings, on reading tluadescric>tioo,said, 
•* Imagine these creatures to oe human* 
and you will have no bad representa- 
uon of any one of our politest assemblies 
at a musical performance." 

I shall now leave you, dear Sir, to 
reflect upon all this ; and you slmli teH 
me the result of your thoughts after we 
have met at the next Concert of Antient 
Music. A. H. 

Prom the BoroptM Magazine. 



NO one appeared to regard what these 
words implied : and her character, 
contrasted with Henrielle's, resembled the 
Provencal rose, whose cold whiteness is 
scarcely tinged with a blush, compared 
to the bright scarlet tulip. An impene- 
trable mauvaise honte covered talents 
which she really possessed, while an air 
always easy, confident, and caressing, 
gave her rival that elegance which is said 
to be the result of conscious dignity and 
tranquil happiness. Tbe Baroness,once 
herself the reigning belle of Paris, deter- 
mined to raise her new favourite to the 
same height by splendid and incessant 
gala9. On her birth-day, according to the 
graceful custom still preserved there, 
Henrielle presided at a festival designed 
for its celebration ; and flowers, the usual 
tributes, were brought in beautiful abun- 
dance to the pavilion where she sat. A 
young stranger, pressing thro* the crowd, 
placed himself near her. «* Your father," 
said he, " could not send his favourite 
1 • feeeATV. Vol. I, p. 910. 

flowers to-day, hut he charged me to of- 
fer this substitute — " and he presented u 
bouquet of jewels arranged to represent 
a poppy and a lilif interwoven. . These 
symbols, once considered sacred to the 
dieity of marriage, caused a smiting change 
in the receiver's aspect, while the Baron 
gravely cast his eyes on the letter brought 
to him by the giver. But the assembly'* 
attention was diverted by the entrance <»f 
an aged and blind woman, supported by 
her children, who led her towards the- 
queen of the festival. She carried u4^- 
ket filled with Provencal roses,which she 
kissed and wept over. ** I have ^othin>c 
more to offer, mademoiselle !*' raid she ; 
"but these roses are fresh from the tree 
your good father planted in my garden. 1 * 
— " Ah, Madelon !" exclaimed Henria- 
na, springing towards her — " 1 have 
heard him name his kind nurse a thousand 
times, and that rose-tree was planted oa 
my birth-day !"— " Who are you 1" re- 
plied tbe old paysanne — " when he plan- 
ted it, be did not teli me that he had a 

Digitized by 


Legtndi of LtmjAdoux. — We Parisian. 

[vol. ft. 

daughter/'— " No,Madetoo," interposed 
Henrielle, gently taking the flower* from 
her basket — u on that day your nieceSu- 
zette had rejected her 4over I/ubin by 
placing nuts on the table, according to 
your Provencal custom ; and he com- 
forted him by a promise to take him to 
Paris as his valet." — " It is the very 
words of my dear young lord !" return* 
ed Madelon, clasping her hands in rap- 
ture — " but tell me, is poor Sussette liv- 
ing yet ? n — Henrielle hesitated, as if fear- 
ful to give the poor paysanne affliction : 
and before she could determine how to 
reply, a dove flew into the pavilion, and 
alighted on Henriana's shoulder. It had 
a paper attached to its toot, inscribed, 
u To detect a counterfeit." Every eye 
was fixed on her face, which varied a 
thousand times from the whiteness of 
fear and shame to that deep red supposed 
to announce guilt But, instead of spurn- 
ing the innocent bearer of this testimony 
against her, &he allowed it to nestle in 
her bosom ; and, shedding tears, whis- 
pered- ' k Poor bird ! — an enemy has 
employed thee, but thou hast not forgot- 
t"n me." — Henrielle smiled on her with 
a gracious air, as if desiring her to confide 
in her friendship. And collecting the 
flowers which had been brought as trib- 
utes, with an air of badinage apparently 
contrived to relieve Henriana, she said — 
" Are there counterfeits among these of- 
ferings ? — we will submit them, then, to 
the ordeal both of fire and water." All 
admired the benevolent attempt to divert 
attention from the humbled culprit, and 
the grace with which she dipped the flow- 
ers into a perfumed vase, and placed 
them^-ound the edge of a lamp burning 
on an antique tripod. But the flowers 
were all artificial, and the flame, spread- 
ing among them, seized the drapery at- 
tached to the pavilion,- and the conflagra- 
tion was general in a few instants. The 
young stranger, whose gallant gift had 
introduced him to Henrielle, lor*t not u 
momdht in carrying her out of the ivucb 
of danger ; but Henriana, inattentive to 
herself, caught the blind paysanne in her 
arras,and saved her from the flames whirl) 
had already fastened on her. " One 
would think," said the Baronet, with a 
scornful air, "thatthis young woman re- 
cognized a. ■* /"-I in our old M. ( u- ! • . * 
aid I now iv -ber — her [x\t .'«. *. 

Suzette followed our son's Gascon valet to 
Paris. Since Henriana has evidently no 
claims to nob) kty,wecan not give her a fitter 
retreat than her grand-aunt's cottage in 
Provence." — " She has nobility at heart, 
at least," replied M. de Salency — " and 
if it endures the test next prepared for it, 
I am satisfied." Without explaining 
this speech, he descended to the saloon, 
where the rival claimants were seated ; 
and addressing himself to Henrietta, un- 
folded the packet brought by the young 
chevalier Florival. It contained a letter 
from her father, recommending him to 
her favour as a suitor highly enriched by 
nature, though not by fortune, and giving 
his paternal blessing to their union. Hen- 
rielle heard it with the smile of conscious 
beauty, and a painful glance of mock in- 
difference : the father, perhaps, would 
have been more gratified if they had been 
checked by a tender and grateful remem- 
brance of the absent writer. But he 
withdrew without comment, and return- 
ed accompanied by Florival, whose 
flushed cheek and downcast eye express- 
ed a timid, yet proud, dependence on the 
recommendation of Henrielle's father. 
She received him with a charming mix- 
ture of assumed unconsciousness and 
careless encouragement which her grand- 
mother secretly applauded, as the perfec- 
tion of that coquetry she had once prac- 
tised herself. — " In your presence, said 
Florival looking respectfully towards the 
Baroness, " I may request your grand- 
daughter's acceptance of this pledge, 
which her father hoped you would per- 
mit her to attach with her own hand to 
the pearl necklace she received from her 
mother. It was once your gift, and he 
promised to fill up the vacant place in it 
when he had found what he thought 
worthy" — And he produced an emerald 
heart, evidently adapted to some peculiar 
repository ; hut his gallant allusion to 
the colour of hope which tinged it, did 
not produce the smile he probably ex- 
pected. Henrielle was silent till the 
B-irou requested her to comply with her 
[inlic r*s wishes : — then, looking compas- 
sionately at Henriana, she replied, *• It 
vvfts in my possession yesterday, but it is 
mine no longer ;" — and when repeated 
questions extorted fuller answers, she re- 
' ; i*\ I:.'!' ' {*i.»t her jifwMiAi! bept* 
* '-. ii\; u *i:t? cunfvsion caused by 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

vol. 2.] Legends of Lompufosa.— TAe Parisian. 7 

the burning pavilion. Henriana re- on my saint's day " — " Madelon !" said" 
mained mute; but the quick hearings of Heoriana, gently detaining ber hand — 
her bosom announced ber interest in this " recollect yourself — these pearls belong 
scene; and the intelligent glance of accu- to the family De Salency !" — The blind 
MUon cast on her by Ht-nrielle turned woman started up with a fierce gesture— - 
Florivaf s thoughts towards her. He bad " Wretch ! vile wretch ! you have pro- 
not yet beard the mysterious tale of her fited by my blindness to steal my neck-* 
supposed imposture ; and her mourning lace, and substitute another !" — Her 
dress* ber retiring attitude, and modest cries brought a robust young man from 
eyes, over which she had drawn her fine the interior of her habitation ; but as be 
hair embellished only Ijy a simple sprig raji to her assistance, he appeared to re- 
from the rose-tree loved by her father, cognize Henriana, and hesitated. "Speak 
fixed his pity and attention. — " Speak, for me, Lubin !" exclaimed bis grand- 
tkt we may see you "says an old phi loso- mother: "You well know I have no 
pher who had the benefit of a woman's pearls — the chain you gave me was of 
instruction. Ftorival understood this beads.' 9 — Lubin hung down his head, 
hint, and be addressed bis conversation and a deep blush rose even to his fore- 
to Heoriana, hopiug to penetrate her head — " Mademoiselle, pardon and be- 
character. If be bad been touched by lieve roe ! — I was tempted — I was paid 
the meek simplicity of her aspect, he was to bring your dove to the pavilion with 
dow impressed by what might be called the billet written by — by her who wore 
the holiness of innocence in ber calm the necklace of pearls: — tbey were drop- 
aod proud reserve. But the Baroness, pednearme— I did not guess their val« 
enraged at the suspicion which the ab- ue, and — 1 gave tbem to La Bonne." — - 
ssace of the necklace seemed to excite in " Well/* replied Henriana, 4 * she Ifiyed ■ 

ber husband, busied herself in public and my father, and you are safe — Dare yjpu x '*""\ 
vehement complaints of the theft. The confide the pearls to me ?" — The njpb 
pearls had been often worn by her, were glow of Lubin's heart burned through 
of the richest oriental kind, and of a his saffron cheek — "Gracious lady! — 
shape so singular that they could be easi- you saved my helpless grandmother 
ly identified. All the domestics and from the flames, and we owe you the 
spectators employed on the day of the service of our whole lives." — Henriana , 
ftte were traced by police-officers, but replied, " The time may come when 
no discovery resulted. Plorival, appa- you shall receive more than the value off - 
reiitly heedless of the event, continued his these pearls: — let Madelon accompaw 
visits at the Baron's hotel, where he was ny me." 

wceived with vague, but inviting blan- The old paysanne rested on her grand* 
disbroents by Ilenrielle, and with placid son's arm, and followed Henriana to the 
coldness by Henriana. As his regard Hotel de Salency. In the vestibule they I 
seemed fixed on the prosperous heiress, met Florival ; and advancing a few stej^s 
the latter gradually avoided his presence, to meet him, Henriana said, " XJlSui- 
and left him in full enjoyment of the wit lier, the lost prize is recovered I — kfcTr 
and smiles which bad attained such cole- into the hands of this blind woman, and 
brity. On one of these occasions, she was worn by her without consciousness 
absented herself to seek Made Ion's hiim«- of its worth."— " I know it already," 
ble residence, and offer her a price for he answered ;— •* but Henrielle has de- 
tbe cherished rose-tree. She found her. noun cod her to the police, and its agents 
knitting in her little garden-porch with are on their way to her residence— I was 
the happy thoughtlessness of second hastening thither myself to favour her 
childhood ; but at the first glance Hen- escape : — let her depart now, for the 
riaaa recognized the pearl necklace hang- vengennce will be as sudden as the sus~^ 
log round her neck ! A moment was picion." — •* What I on her father's los- 
given to silent astonishment before she termother!" interrupted Henriana, in- 
inquired by what means it had fallen in- dignantly — " dares Henrielle shew cru- 
«o her possession. — " This ?" returned olty even there ! — take back these pearly 
the old paysanne, strokiog her sunburnt chevalier, since you have brought a ban- j 
'broht — *< thi* vtrrs my grandson's gift ble 10 attach to them— give them t«yov f * 

OQ iC 

S East-India Missions [vol. £. 

chosen hnt-L, ;.nd say they were redeem- an absent father, sincerity to a modest 
eti by v<<i"iulf — at your request, per- claimant, and tenderness to helpless old- 
h;sp$, .-!.( will spare this aged woman." age. I have found one, but not fa Hen* 
— - 4 I wili protect Medeloir, assuredly, 19 rielle." — " Be well assured before you 
replied FU rival — u but the heart I decide, 1 " said the Baron, entering — " I 
brought will never belong to Henrielle have brought a final arbitrator. 9 ' — Flori- 
— hor'a is incapable of gratitude, boun- val saw the father of Henrielle, and start- 
ty, or ci»<ipa*tion. They tell me she ed back. — ** Do you fear to be assured 
ha* l«*eu educated for ornament and re- of this young beauty's poverty?" added 
tif.cffient, hut A\e has neither been orna- the old Lord, sternly. — u No, Baron V 9 
mmtt\l completely nor refined enough, returned his young favourite, still retreat- 
Fiuwer* are scattered on the surface of ing — * 4 1 only fear to find her unwor- 
her characttr, but nono grow there. The thy." — " This," said Henri de Salency, 
hi i ^volence which ornaments social life, "is my own Henrielle — my only ac- 
tive refinement which governs thoughts knowledged daughter. Her rival, who 
and action?, are wholly unknown to her. has wisely taken refuge in flight, obtain- 
Self is the *■•»!*■ motive of her graces, her ed the documents and credentials she 
blandishment?, and even her virtues, possessed by a theft which her wretched 
whvii she a resumes not because they are mother committed to exalt a daughter 
it. mining but because they create her whose existence is my reproach. The 
pover. Jt is a power, however, which child of my virtuous wife has shewn the 
extend* no farther than her own flatter- softness and the purity of soul which, 
ed imagination, and I disclaim it from like the poppy and the /%, are the best 
mis hour." — * fc Her presence will renew symbols of domestic happiness ; — the 
' chevalier I 1 ' returned Henriana, smil- pain inflicted by her sister's imposture 


No,madame — the vapid remains was a penalty I well deserved, by be- 
r > w t :.f) t i beauty exhausted in public lieving that splendid talents might cover 
r< a! \ ouid not satisfy me — I expect- a depraved heart, or atone for its unwor- 
ii"v ff d a heart capable of gratitude to thiness." /j" V. 



.^f?; T '** ,T L <,R * . r . doubt if the class of men generally sent 

IlHh suborned extract of a letter on ^1^ missions are at all calculated to 

* u . n n ^ ntleman w Bombay, to promote so desirable an end ; in fact, 

..*rr;..«im England, will, I doubt not, ^ kavo not ^34 ono respectable 

^vp ./ to the readers of your convert. 

V ' .ny : " * cannot close this letter « I n \he mean time the Mahomedans 

■v; »iou» *»>mg something on the subject ftre forestalling us ; a Mahomedan mis- 

M i. < n .unions.— We have at present Nonary with a young boy for his attend- 

lir V" J : n^ncan missionaries; one ant, sits down under a tree near some 

*t <hem . tr..v, » with his wife :— there is Hindoo village, subsists on alms, and al- 

v,*rc«afi p !! htweeoAe government and ways succeeds in making numerous con- 

'^.B^eHieiy, whether they shall be verts ; here he lives, and roost likely 

m»< tj Europe o. not. They have been die ^ when hk disciples set him up as a 

ci'levu 1 toproce-d in the Carmarthen, saint, and conunue to follow his precept*. 

on: svrne days ;>revious to her sailing, I will be bound to say there is not a vil- 

^ <y -,de their e*ape, leaving the wife ^ j n Hindoostan which has not its 

•.-iiHia. They h:ive been since arrested, Mahomedan saint In our part of In- 

n. - -ht bar* from Cochin, and are dia the spirit of intolerance is never man- 

*t o proceed in the ships un- Jfested; the Mahomedans living under 

'-.'niMiai'-!, , r England. Hindoo governments are as mild and 

» . j . t *>r . j .* rable it is that the light quiet as the Hindoos themselves. Whilst 

on should be srread ,xjr iu jionaru-s are employed in ereotu:er 

leguuib, yet, 1 much p f:atui g presses, building spacious Buu- 

Digitized by VjUUVIC 

vol.*.} 0»Afai&»#f<Zt&aa^<iab'^ 9 

goJoas, in fact labouring to endow them- because it appeals by the last accounts 
selves with the goods of this world, the from India, that the resolutions men- 
Mabomedan fakir is reaping the harvest tioned above have been read with avidity 
I think yon were in China when one of by many of the most intelligent of the 
these travelling fakirs made his appear- natives, who have translated them into 
aoce in Canton, in either 1805 or 1906. the language of the country, by which 
This man had travelled over land from means the alarm, it is feared, may spread ; 
Bengal, through Siam, and Cochin Chi- for it is said that some of the native 'sol- 
na, subsisting all the way on afms, pos- diets have already complained to their 
sessing nothing but a staff and' wallet, officers, that they fear some measures art 
He acquired during bis sojourn in Can- about to be taken to compel them to 
ton (which did not exceed two months) change their religion, 
each a character for sanctity, that he was It is not likely' that success will attend 
followed and noticed by all ranks, and any missions in India, until the Euro^ 
might have ledatife of indolence and ease; peans residing there can, by embracing a 
but he preferred a travelling life, doing, he practical life of piety and virtue, exhibit* 
•aid, all the good of which hi* was caps- ed before the natives Of that country, 
We, for nobody approached bira to whom convince thern by example as w«U as 
be did not impart his good advice. He precept, that Christianity is a pure retf- 
eetoffon his travels followed by the tears gion, and far superior to them — But 
send blessings of thousands, who looked while the natives of India keep with pious 
on him as a saint He intended to travel seal aQ Aeir solemn festivals," and contin- 
firoroCajiton^nc^thwardttor the purpose of tie to adore and supplicate the Deity, 
converting some savage hordes, on whom whether it be prostration daily to the 
the light of religion bad not yet dawned.* rising or setting son,' as bis suWirau 
It Is not long since the subject of In- image, or otherwise, as taught by their 
dian missions was discussed in the House fathers; and at the same time observe 
of Commons* and at that time, several amongst the Europeans around no iadi- 
gentlemen were of opinion, that the reso- cations of superior virtue' or piety, but 
lotions of various meetings held at several rather an indifference as to all religion, 
taverns in London, relative to those mis- they will, under such' circumstances, never 
sions. and stated in the daily and month- believe but that their own way of adoring 
Iv Dubticatkms, would find their way to the Deity is preferable to that of Euro- 
India, and alarm the peaceful natives.— peans, or rather consider the latter as 
There is reason to think those opinions men possessing no refit religion at all. 
are already verified in a certain degree ; July 1817, ' Xtiancs, 




1HAD often been assured, in some nes, the Caylus 9 s ; and oppose them in 
literary circles at Paris, that the great- decided superiority to the De Staels, the 
est revolution which had taken place in Cottins, the Genlis's, and the Somas, 
their literature, since the reign of Louis But the great claim to that originality of 
XIV. has occurred in the taste, talent, invention and combination, which con* 
sod style of their female writers. They stitutes the essence of genius, belongs ex- 
BtHl speak with rapture of the facility, the clusively to the modern writers. The 
aBanthormcmtnly the grace of the compo- best compositions of the female wits of 
positions ofthe La Fayettes, the Sevig- the beau siecle, exhibited but the art of 
■ : transferring the elegant gossipry, so eter- 

[• S«eAT«.Vo).I.p.$84. It is said Lady »»Ny r™«j** "». *beir salons, to their 

M. has received .£2,000 sterling for the cop/- letters, and adopting in their written ac- 

fligat of this work.] counts ofthe anecdotes,incidents,9landerS, 

C Vol. 2. Atbsjnevx. i ) Ungues and tracasserics ofthe day, the 

Digitized by 


10 Comparison of the Ckaracpp o/M. de Stael <md M x dc Gentis, [vou 2- 

same epigrammatic point and facility of between those women who wrote at the 
expression, which belong to the genius latter end of Louis the Fourteenth's day, 
of their language, and which have at all and those who hare appeared since the 
times been the study, the charm, and the revolution. The foundress of a new 
habit of their conversation. genus of composition in her own lan- 

The life of such a woman as Madame guage, her domestic stories are a devia- 
de Sevigne was passed in social little cir- tion from the grave formality of the early 
cles, in eternal visits, and in seeking, French novel ; and stand equally free 
hearing, circulating, and transcribing ail from the licentious liberties of the new, 
that was passing in the city or the court a witty but an immoral school, founded 
Women of rank had then no domestic by the Marivaux, the Louvets, and the 
duties, though they bad many social ties. Lecloa. M. de Genlis, if not the first 
Their infants were nursed by hirelings, who made works of imagination the ve- 
their children were reared in convents, hide of education, was at least the earliest 
their husbands lived with the army or the of those who introduced instruction and 
court, and those profbunder feelings science into tales of sentiment and pas- 
which exercise so powerful an operation sion ; and the erudition which oceasion- 
upon female intellect, remained cold and ally gleams through her pages, has been 
undeveloped. They read little, because thought to do the honours of the head, 
the scale of modern literature was then to the exclusion of the interests of the 
circumscribed^ind few women studied the heart; while her pure and polished style, 
dead languages. The whole power of flowing and smooth as it is, stands accu- 
theirmind, therefore, was confined and sed by tne severity of French criticism of 
levelled to the combination and recitation approaching to the studied elegance and 
of the events which took place in the most cold precision of a professed rhetorician, 
frivolous, intriguing, but polished society It may, however, be said with great truth, 
that ever existed. Their style was bril- that none perhaps ever wrote so well who 
liant, playful, and elegant ; and it was wrote so much, or has ever blended so 
eminently, perhaps exclusively, calcula- few faults with so maoy merits of style 
ted to Sterniser la bagatelle.* and composition. Madame ^de Genlis 

When, however, they abandoned facts just held that place in society from her 
for fiction, they wholly tailed in their at- rank, her fashion, her political tendencies, 
tempt ; and in the world of invention and literary successes, which was most 
there is, perhaps, nothing so cold, cum- calculated to excite against her a host of 
brous, and wearisome, so out of the line enemies. Had shebeen more obscure 
of social nature, and yet so remote from as a tooman, she would have been less 
the fairy regions of fancy, as the roman- severely treated as an author. 
ces of Mademoiselle Scuderie, and the The genius of Madame de Stael be- 
novels of Madame La Fayette. They longs to the day and age in which it 
soon fell by their own ponderous weight, dawned, and by which it was nurtured, 
even in an age when they had novelty to It partakes of their boldness and their as- 
sustain them, and have now long been pirations, their freedom and their force, 
known by name only. Fostered amidst philosophical inquiries, 

The two most celebrated female wri- end political and social fermentation, its 
ters of France, Madame de Genlis and objects are naturally grand, its scope vast, 
Madame de Stael, mark successively the its efforts vigorous. It has the energy of 
progress of female intellect, and thescope inspiration, and its disorder. There is 
given by circumstances to female talent in Madame de Steel's compositions, some- 
in that country! The works of Madame thing of the Delphic priestess. Some- 
de Genlis form a sort of connecting link times mystic, not always intelligible, we 

- still blame the god rather than the 

J 1 *. 81 "^ V* u 8 ta ] ent80 j f *"*?!** 1* oracle ; and wish perhaps that she were 

Stael and deGenlit, a French critic of the old , • • j ~ ~ * n- * 

school observed to me : " Pour cnfemme* te, less aspired, or we more intelligent. 
eUe$ cetont fait une imagination d tme Uttera- While Other writers (both male and 

tFe$prit: f breeze that fluttered in the political hemis- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

vol 2.] Extracted frim Lady Morgan's " France? 11 

phere, Madame de Stael has. steadily an invitation from tbis distinguished wri- 
proceeded in the magnificent inarch of ter herself brought roe at once to her re~ 
gcnius governed by principle ; and her treat, in her convent of the Carmelites- 
opinions, while they are supported by all an order recently restored with more than 
the force of female enthusiasm, derive an its original severity, and within whose 
additional weight from the masculine in- walls Madame de Genlis has retired. As 
dependence and steadiness of their advo- I drove " aux Carmes," it is difficult to 
Gate. say, whether Madame de Genlis or Ma- 

I had to lament that Madame de Stael dame de la Valiere was uppermost in 
had left France at the moment when I my imagination. Adjoining to the gloo- 
entered it ; and I was tantalized by invi- my and m6nastic structure which incloses 
tations, which proposed my meeting her the Carmelite sisterhood (in barriers 
at the house of a mutual friend, at the which even royalty is no longer permitted 
time when imperious circumstances obli- to pass), stands a spall edifice appropri- 
ged me to return to Ireland. I was thus ated to the lay-guest of this silent and 
^evented from seeing one of the most solitary retreat. The pretty garden be- 
^tnstinguisbed' women of the age, from longing exclusively to this wing of the 
' whose works 1 had received infinite plea- convent, is only divided from its great 
I sore, and (as a woman I may add) infi- garden by a k>\f wall, and it admits at its 
pite pride. Her character was uniformly extremity the melancholy view of a small 
described to me by her friends, as largely chapel or oratory, fatally distinguished by 
partaking of a disposition whose kindness the murder of the bishops and priests, 
knew no bounds ; and of feelings which imprisoned there during the reign of Ro- 
len t themselves, in ready sympathy, to ev- bespierre. Madame de Genlis received 
ery claim of friendship, and every call of me with a kindness, a cordiality, that bad 
benevolence. Among those who knew all the ndivetS and freshness of youthful 
her well, the splendour of her reputation feeling and youthful vivacity. There was 
seems sunk in the popularity of her char- nothing of age in her address or coover- 
acter ; and ** Cest une excellente per- sation ; and vigour, animation, a tone of 
sonne"— 4f C est un bon enfant" were decision, rapidity of utterance, spoke the 
epithets of praise constantly lavished on foil possession of every feeling and every 
one, who has so many more brilliant faculty : and I found her in the midst of 
claims to celebrity.* occupations and pursuits, which might 

Madame de Genlis was at Paris when startle the industry of youth to undertake 
I arrived there ; but I was told on every or to accomplish. 
side that she had retired from the world ; When I entered her apartment, she wa3 
that she was invisible alike to frienis and painting flowers in a book, which she 
strangers — that, " tile s'itait jetie dans la called her Herbier sacrr, in which she 
religion •'" or that M die s'Mait mist en was copying all the plants mentioned m 
retraite dans une socUtf de CupudnesP the Bible. She shewed me another vol- 
I had despaired therefore of seeing a per- time, which she had just finished, full of 
son, out of whose works I bad been edu- trophies and tasteful devices, which she 
caied, and whose name and writings were called V Herbier de reoonrtaisance.— 
intimately connected with all my earliest M But I have little time for such idle 
associations of books and literature; when amusements," said Madame de Genlis. 

— — . She was, in fact then engaged in abridg- 

• Boca Madame de Stael and Madame de ing some ponderous tomes of French AW- 
SSftK^^&J^SJSft ««rfr«.m writing her Jo-nurfdeiaJ^ 
•apposed republican principles ; the other/or *£«*e, and in preparing for the press her 

S^JE* ™{?°5 ln *! e Sr , ?J >a u rt * f ^ rev ?" »ew novel I*a BaUuicas, which she has 
niuoo. ut Madame de otael thev constant! v • a ai_ u 

said to me, " Cest de elocuence, n'vtms voutezj Mnce g lven to *• worW ' 
eegeftdmi* test une phrasiere que Madame deS.r Her harp was, nevertheless, Well Strung 
Of Madame de Genlis--" /W jm slyfe, cVtf flm l inn0t \ . hnr niano-forto covered with 
*m*ejmrelitresfatUeettUgante,nu*il*'y* BM tUDC T > her piano-tortecoverea Wlttt 
ricn de nmturel dmnt *es rontons, que let enfansr »ew mustC ; and when 1 gave her her 
The Battueau of Madame de Genlis must, lute to play for me it did not require the 
^^•J^^rofT^^chSrct dmrbgup of a .ingle string. All w« 
state, and the King of Spaiu! energy and occupation. It was impose 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


14 Lady Morgan's Characters of Mesda^ (voLf* 

W© not ^o make some obsoratioQ on socb (eraire de sociiti, anil it was suggested 
versatility and variety of pursuits. "Oh! to Buonaparte, that if he granted four 
this is nothing," said Madame de Genlis ; thousand franks per annum to a roan who 
" what I pride myself on, is knowing was not an author, and was therefore 
twenty trades, by ail of which I could destitute of the usual claim on such stated 
earn my bread," bounty, that there were two friends of 

. She conversed with great earnestness, that person, Equally clever, literary, and 
but with great simplicity, without effort distressed, who would expect, or at least 
as without pretension ; and laughed ask for a similar provision. " Eh Men? 
heartily at some anecdotes I repeated to said Buonaparte, " celafait dome mitte 
her, which, were then in circulation in francs ;" and he ordered the other two 
Paris. When I mentioned the story of distressed literati to be put on the annui- 
ber receiving a mysterious pupil, who ty-Jist with their friend, 
came veiled to her apartments, whose face It was said to me in Paris, that Mad- 
bad never been seen even by her atten- ame de Genlis had retired to the Carme- 
dants, she replied, that there was no nays- lites " disabuse* de$ vaniiSs de ce monde, 
tery in the case ; that she received two or et de chimera de la ciUbritf" I know- 
three unfortunate young peoj>le.who had not how far this may be true, but it is 
no means of supporting themselves, and certain, that If she has done with the 
to whom she taught the harp as a mode vanities of the world, she has by no 
of subsistence, as she had done to Case- means relinquished its refinements and 
mir, now one of the finest harpists in the tastes even amidst the coldness and aus- 
world, I could not help telling her, I terity of a convent. Her apartment 
believed she had a passion for educating : might have answered equally for the era- 
she replied, " Au contrabre cela via Urn- tory of a saint, or the boudoir of a co- 
jours ennuyi •" and added, it was the queUe. Her blue silk draperies, her ala- 
only means now led her of doing good, raster vases, her fresh -gathered flowers, 
I had been told in Paris, that Madame and elegant Grecian couch, breathed still 
de Genlis had carried on a secret corres- of this world : but the large crucifix 
pondence with the late emperor, which is (that image of suffering and iiumility) 
another term for the higher walks of es- which hung at the foot of that couch ; 

r\nage. I ventured one day to talk to the devotional books that lay mingled 
. on the subject ; and she entered on it with lay works, and the chaplets and ro- 
with great promptitude and frankness, series which hung suspended from a wall, 
" Buonaparte," she said, " was extreme- where her lute vibrated, and which her 
ly liberal to literary people — a pension paintings adorned, indicated a vocation 
of four thousand francs per annum was before which Genius lay subdued, and the 
assigned to all authors and qens-de-lettrts Graces forgotten. On shewing me the 
whose circumstances admitted of their pious relics which enriched this pretty 
acceptance of such a gratuity. He gave cell, Madame de Genlis pointed out to 
me, however, six thqusand, and a suite of my admiration a Christ on the cioss % 
apartments at tjie Arsenal. As I had which hung at the foot of her bed. It 
never spoken to him, never had any in- was so celebrated for the beauty of its 
tercourse with him whatever, I was execution, that the pope had sent for it 
struck with this liberality, and asked him when lie was in Paris, aud blessed it ere 
what be expected I should do to merit he returned the sad and holy representa- 
it When the question was put to tion to its distinguished owner. And 
Napoleon, he replied carelessly, 'Let she naturally placed great value on a 
Madame de.Genhs write me a letter once beautiful rosary which had belonged to 
a month.' As no subject was dictated, Fenelon, and which that elegant saint had 
I chose literature, but I always abstained worn and prayed over till a few days be- 
from politics," Madame de Geulis fore his death. 

added, that, though she never had any If years could be taken into the ac- 
iaterview with him, yet, on her recoro- count of a lady's age, Madame de Gen- 
fnendation, be bad pensioned five indi- lis must be far advanced in life ; for it 
gent persons of literary talent. is some time back since the paron de 

One of these persons was a sere ££- Grimm speaks of her as a M demoiselle 

Digitized by 



Mental Effect of On Celebration of High-Man. 


lb qualite, qui tCitait connue alors^ qae 
par sajolie tooir, et son talent pour la 
katpe. Infirmity, howevft, seems to 
have spared her slight and emaciated 
figure ; her dark eye is still full of life 
and expression ; and tho* her featured 
are thin, Worn, and sharply marked, and 
tier complexion wan and pale, the traces 
of age are neither deep nor multiplied. If 
her person is infinitely less fresh and vig- 
orous than her mind, still it exhibits few 

of thdse sad Impressions, which timo 
slowly and imperceptibly prints, with his 
withering and silent touch, on the firmest 
muscle and the brightest bloom. My 
visits to the cloisters of the Carrpeh'tfs 
were as frequent asthednties of Madame 
de Geblis,and my oton engagements in the 
WOrld would admit; and it 1 met this distin- 
guished and highly endowed person witfi 
the high-beating throb of expectation, I 
parted from her with admiration and regret 


From ttt ilooddy lhgilit '" 

sit, I bad ever heard. The music of the Ito- 

IN an entertaining, but anonymous, mish Ritual is exceedingly fine, and here 
volume, entitled, •* Memorandums of it was beard to the fullest advantage. 
• Residence in France in the Winter of The veoerable air and magnitude of the 
1815-16," I met with the following building — the great numbers of the corn- 
singular account of the effects of the municants — the gorgeous habiliments of 
fcpelebration of high mass, upon the mind the long train of priests — the splendor 
of the author, concluding with a com- of the prolonged ceremony — the exquisite 
plimenttothe talents and virtues of my chanting of the singers — were altogether 
late much respected friend — the Rev. infinitely impressive. I was 90 over- 
Hugh Worthington : — powered with my own emotions, that I 

44 1 had frequently attended the cele- could scarcely stifle the hysterical sobs 
bration of high mass in England, and had which rose in spite of my exertions. I 
often admired it as a fine and imposing felt a sensation ofawe, of reverential awe, 
spectacle, but never saw it in so great a which almost made me dread Xb lift np 
degree of perfection as on a festival at the my eyes, lest I should encounter the re- 
church of St. Roch,in Paris. I do not proving glance of an offended Deity. My 
remember the occasion, but am not likely conscience brought before me all the 
tever to forget theceremony. or the feelings faults 1 had ever oeen guilty of; and I 
it inspired. I had been previously ha- was overwhelmed with a sense of my own 
rassed with unusual fatigue, had passed unworthiness and reprobation. For- 
several nights of broken rest, and bad getting for a moment tnat I was assisting 
pursued my studies with a degree ofassi- at a communion df which I was not a 
duity and intensity which bad quite un- member, I knelt down and received the 
hinged my nerves, and left me in a state sacrament ftith as sincere a devotion as 
of body approaching very nearly to hys- ever influenced the breast of the most 
terical agitation. Under a feeling so bigotted believer in modern miracles ! 
oppressive and distressing, I looked about I thought not of the peculiar tenets of 
anxiously for something to turn the cur- Catholic or Protectant, and only rejected 
rem of my thoughts, and tranquillize the on the power and the mercy of the 
painful irritatioo of my braiu. The Creator, and on the miserable impotence 
church of St Roch was open and itlu- and uhwortMness of human nature, t 
ruinated with unusual splendor; I pass- thought on that perfedt Af <Wi, who sactf- 
edin; and, hiring one of the little chairs, ficed hts life fdr the foetfefit of his abaft- 
of which there are many hundred always doned fellow-creatures, frbd I ate this 
ready, seated myself, and waited patiently bread in commemoration of bis sufferings. 
for the commencement. My feelings were excited to a degree ot 

" The long preparation added still to the intensity, Which could not long have ctfrt- 

eibct The organ swelled out its majesdc tinued without causing madne& I 

ioaes with the most exquisite modulation wished to retire, tout had toot the jfc w er 

Digitized by 


14 Ext rucU from " De Courti," apoem. [you % 

to remove myself; on a sudden, tome Yet the highest enjoyment of those 
quarrel at the door respecting a dog blessings would not have incapacitated 
which had been admitted into the church, me for relishing and sympathising with 
tamed the whole course of my ideas, and the ardent and unaffected piety, the saint- 
all the pomp and magnificence which had like purity of devotion which character- 
before produced so strong an effect on the used the late Hugh Worthington, a man 
mind, faded into notbiogness and folly, whose religious tenets I know not, bat 
I returned home dissatisfied and discon- whose lively influential faith— whose 
tented. When I * communed with my energetic performance of his duties- 
own heart in my chamber, and was still,' whose exquisite simplicity of heart, and 
I reverted to the occurrence of the day. overpowering eloquence, rendered him 
Mv body was now renovated by rest and a worthy member of the ministry of 
refreshment, and I could calmly review Christ, and an honor to human nature." 
my feelings and the^auae of them: how Whatever, Mr. Editor, may be 
did all the magnificent spectacle I had thought of the former portion of this ex- 
witnessed sjtik into nothing, when com- tract, I am persuaded the latter part will 
pared with the humble prayer of a con- be acceptable to many of your readers ; 
trite heart ! I was angry and dissatisfied and gratifying as it is to meet with a 
with the conviction that pressed itself tribute of respect to the memory of a 
upon me, that the feelings which were at beloved friend!, a natural wish arises to 
the moment so sublime and overwhelming, extend the sphere of its ciiEulatioo; 
were really the result of corporeal, not of Your insertion of the above will there- 
intellectual impressions ; and that the fore much oblige, J, Evans. 
tame ceremony would have had no such May t $, 1817. 
effect had I been in health and vigor. 



from the BHBfwa M**siM. 

'have understood that the au- in two cantos. In this there is mucn 
thor of this work is a young man demonstration of poetic thought ; the 
in whom the gcintiUe of a poetic geoius subject is interesting, and the versifica- 
have long been noticed with the approv- tion peculiarly harmonious and correct, 
ing voice of all who know him. And The author, in his preface, informs us, 
by a well-written and modest preface, that he " is indebted for the outline of 
we are informed from himself, that the his tale to the narrative of a fact record- 
contents of his book have been already ed in the celebrated Encyclopedic Me- 
sanctioned by the indulgence and flat- thodique. It is, however, much altered, 
taring encomiums of illustrious patronage, and some incidents are amplified, and 

If we are not mistaken in our in for- some others entirely added : though the 
nation, the author of this volume is the character of its principal features remains 
Mr. Thomson, who by his Odes and unchanged." — This narrative seems to 
Addresses has given much flow of soul be comprehended in the incidents of a 
to those feasts of Reason, the festivals of reconciliation between two rival chief- 
our metropolitan charitable institutions, tains by the marriage of a son and daugh- 
— We see indeed, by the notifications of ter of their respective families ; — the 
the Commemorative Addresses included guilty secret ef a domestic murder, and 
in this volume, that his Muse has, with a the retribution of Divine Providence. — 
kindred affection, united herself to the The poetic version of it consists of two 
Christian grace of Charity : and we ven- cantos ; and we must observe, that he 
ture to add, that by such generous ef- who could render the facts so interesting, 
forts on his part, much efficient aid has had fact enough to extend htspoem be- 
been given to the sacred cause. yond such narrow limits. We regret 

This first poem in the work before that be did not so extend it, as we are 
us is M De Gourd," a metrical romance, fully convinced, by the specimen with 

Digitized by 


▼©l. *.] Tnonisoit'f new Poem of u Dt Cmwci." 1 5 

which he has indulged us, that his talent Fair Land !— when evening's milder beam 

was equal to the ta9k. Flings its broad ibadows o'er the stream, 

The rival Chieftains are De Courci How sweet to niark the dayUght's close 

and Montmorenci.— The union of their Spread blashliif staiat on Alpine soows ; 
famines and the cessation of their party TSwatchthy genW sandedi-iing, 

fends are effected by the marriage of ?7*T^?^£* -^ i 
AA+l«iJ* fV, n M Lp* ,l..,^*~ *«A Each mowit * ,n bro ^ «* heams enshrining 

JdeUnde De Courci s daughter, and Wltil tlDt8 ^^ ric b than moraiag knowl :^- 

Ftctor, Montmorenci s son.— The deed While doodf< of form ^^ 

of murderous atrocity has been perpetra- ounce brightness on the raptured eye ; 

ted by the parent of De Courci, who Their hoes with every moment changing, 

slew his father from an impulse of ava- Shifting their place,~their groups deranging, 

ricious anxiety to anticipate the posses- Till fled, to gladden other spheres, 

sions of the family domain — he, in his The golden pageant disappears,-— 

turn, is confined for life by his son in a And, blest with evening's milder ray, 

dilapidated part of the castle— and is We scarce regret the loss of day. 

discovered by St, Ckir, the friend of ~ ' -, . , AU . . 

W-towU the guiUv father tells £VKE^^ 

fa tale of assassinate* and remorse.— Wh ^ io twaichrilhr oydof grey, 

The retribution of divine justice is ac- The landscape melts ia mist away f 

complished by the dreadful effects of a Till on the Rhone's waves rising bright, 

thunder-storm, in which the castle and Shines the pale planet of the night, 

all its inhabitants are destroyed on the Her thousand beams through ether straying, 

bridal night. And o'er the glistening waters playing :— 

These events Mr. Thomson has adorn- While, gemm'd with meteor sparks, the shy 

ad with much brilliancy of imagery and Glows like a fairy world on high, 

poetical effect Bespangled with annamber'd rays, 

The opening of the poem is preceded That shed to earth their silver blase i 

by a very beautiful address to the genius AwM * *• heaven's pare asure streaming, 

under whose influence he writes : O'er citron groves In heaaty beaming,^ 

And darting through the veil of night, 

* Han* of Romance ! whose changeful men- Celestial flames of saintly light :— 
•■res flow * Wboeversawatcenesofair, 

Of Mended feeling aad of impulse high, Her wishM It nVd Immortal there f 

Kindles la youthful hearts a warmer glow, From snch a spot no more to sever, 

AadsteaJsthedewytenrfromBeauty'seye: Bat gase,— and wish to gase for ever r 
Oh ! do net now sack inflaence deny, 

Though nsde the hand that wakes thy sleep- The apostrophe to Connubial Love, 

tig spell* which follows the reconciliation of the 

Art, with thy antes of sweetest minstrelsy, Houses of De Courci and Montmorenci, 

Breaker the poet's page their magic by the union c f their junior branches, is 

Inspire each gifted line, and grace the tale I worth y of a . P *' 8 P 60 ' *!>** describes 
teU." the most intimate sympathies of the hn- 

There is much aptitude of allusion in roan boao ^ j* the most wterestinj dis- 

this invocation, and an unfeigned sim- P^J of tho <&*****& passion whift ac- 

plicity which unites poetic elegance with toates them. 

strength of diction. The poem opens «. c Lo 7e !—Heaven's sweetest boon! he- 
with the following highly-finished de- stow'd 

scription of an autumnal evening in To cheer oor dreary pilgrim road * 

fVotJewce. That with a changeless fervour glows 

* M idst burning sands, or polar snows,-** 

" Farm Paovavcs !— whose elysian clime Without thy soul-enchanting power, 

Scarce feds the withering power of time, Joyless was Eden's brightest bower ; 

But stiU, despite of fleeting years, In vain Its roses shed perfume 

Green ia eternal spring appears ; O'er fields of ever-duriug bloom ; 

Each flowery vale in blossom still, Every hope was searM and blighted, 

And lovely every vine-clad hill, Every bliss was disunited, 

As if anblighted yet by vice, And Paradise was half unblest. 

Blooming like Eden's Paradise : Till infant Love became a gaest. 

Digitized by 



" De Courei? a Prop, 6j Jama Thomson. 


Where apgel JJeauty never smiled, 
The fairest spot op eartji were wild; 
For love alone oar home endears, 
Lore softens e'eo tjie grief of tears, 
Like erring creed of Moslem faith, 
Whose Hooris soothe tne pangs of death." 

Deep in the groves of Valombrt, 

Where shadows mock the brightest day, 
The heirs of either Boose,— alone 
Had met, — conversed,— and loved, unknown t 
Victok bad sworn to Adelaide, 

And pledged a faith no change could sew ; 
And proud De Coord's dark-eyed maid 

VowM to be true,— and true for ever !" 

The second Canto opens with an ap- 
peal to the reader's consciousness of the 
misery of disappointed hope,— and we 
will take upon ourselves to assume it as 
a feeling which few who have hearts to 
rejoice in the most amiable endearments 
of the soul will not instantly acknow- 
ledge as their own. 

" Is there a heart o'er the green rillong billow, 
Whose chords with thine own were in uni- 
son strung; 

The tear for whose loss falls at eve on thy pil- 
The prayer for whose bliss dwells at mom 
on thy tongue ? 

Oh, say ! Is there one in a far distant dime, 

Whose memory survives all the changes of 

And though fated for ever in distance to part, 

Yet lives in thy love, and is shrined in thy 

And didst thou e'er weep when arose in thy 

The thought, which e'en hope could not soothe 
Into rest: 

That life might depart, and its happiness glide, 

Yet the friend of thy youth would be still 
from thy side $ 

And the ocean should flow, and the day-star 
should burn, 

Bnt the joys of thy bosom would never re- 
turn ?— — 

Such moments arc sad and the lightning which 

Or, the thunder that rolls 'midst the storm of 
the skies, 

Hath no shaft so terrific,— no wound can im- 

Like that, which their agony rends in the 

heart i— 
When in vain expectation our wishes decay, 
And our fond cherish'd visions all vanish 

away 1" 

The interview between St. Claire and 
the father of De Conrci takes place in the 
bed-chamber of the former, who has 
been previously startled, at his first re- 
tiring to repose, by the appearance of 
the latter ;— -the guilty father tel|s St 

Claire that he has been confined twenty 
years by his son :— St. Claire's feeling* 
revolt at the unfilial act, and he offers to 
set him free ; — the former then proceed* 
to the disclosure of the deed for which 
he had so long been doomed to captivity 
and chains ;— 

" Weep not for me f— there is a tale 

Would almost make your hearing fail ; 

It has a voice within my breast, 

Which cannot,— will not be represt ;— 

Which bids me tell— Why shrinks my flesh ? 

It quail'd not when the sin was fresh ; 

It trembled not to strike the blow, 

It shrank not from the dead below | 

Yet now, it shudders to confess 

sf y untold deed of wickedness I— 

Turn your eyes here I — tkU Wood,— these 

They issued from a Father's veins I— 
Peace smiled upon my crimeless youth, 
But the fair vision wanted truth ; 

I wish'dlike Memory bleeds to tell,— 

I stahb'd him 1— and fay father fen I— M 

The horror of St Claire and the mad- 
dening remorse of De Courci are cut 
short by the increased violence of the 
tempest and the fall of the building, in 
the ruins of which the whole family are 

" De Courci paused,— and the tempest's rear 
Roll'd yet far louder than before. 
Why trembled the tower *-~'twas a thunder- 
bolt shock, 
That shiver'd the pile to its base on the rocks 
And full on each victim's devoted bead, 
The wrath of Heaven's artillery spread, 
And its fire-showers fell in flakes of red, 
A moment more,— and there only lay 
llieir mangled masses of shapeless clay !— 
Blue flashes of. light through the casement 

And the chamber was clouded with sulpha- 

rous smoke. 
The yawning roof, in chasms rent, 
Received the fiery element, 
And shrieks, and prayers, and groans were 

Where its volumed blase ascended. 
Another crash !— and the walls were riven, 
Widely and far were the fragments driven 
Their crumbling stones in rain were spread 
Around the dying, and over the dead : 
Scorch'd by the skies' own levin fire, 
Were guest and bridqrjnoom,— Son and Sire, 
Their blackening ashes were strewed on the 

Wherever the wind went bowling round. 

Digitized by 


VOL. 2.] 

Thomson's u Be CowrciJ' and other Poems. 


Jt was as if the day of doom 

Piled Nature's rains o'er her tomb t 

For the ghastly bones of the young and the 

Were whiten'd in death by the storm-blast 

And no one escaped in that hazardous boor, 
The wreck of the living,— tag fall of their 

Now yean upon years bare flitted away, 
Dark moss has grown over the mounds of day, 
And every relic with age is grey :— 
Bat remnants of pillars all shatterM and bra- 
ken, •> 
Still their awful end betoken. 
And yet will the Pilgrim pause to trace 
The scattered remains of that burial place, 
Where moulders all the De Coord's race :~ 
Where the doom of the Parricide's crime was 

And vengeance was written in fire from 
Heaven I" 

The concluding lines, in continuation 
of the 6rot address to " Provence," are 
certainly the best in the poem : and we 
cannot deny ourselves or our readers the 
gratification of extracting them* 

" PnovEMCE 1— by every heart remember/d 

Scene of the Hero's fame, and Lover's lay ; 
Where erst thy Troubadours awoke the soag 

With some wild legend, and forgotten fray, 
Or made the festal moment yet more gay, 

When labour's duties bad with evening 

Caroll'd their ballads to the closing day, 

To hail the swains' return from foil released, 
Or struog their tuneful harps to greet the vin- 
tage feast. 

Io hall and bower their melodies were sung, 
Through each dark waving wood and cul- 
tured plain : 
Thine olive rallies with their sonnets rang, 

And every echo gave the notes again. 
Romance, and song, and love-tale's glowing 
Breathed their soft cadence on the blue 
Rhone's shore $ 
And dear to high-born lord, and peasant 

WereM usic's wandering bards in days of yore, 
When welcome everhail'd the lowly Trou- 

" On the bright margin of the swift Durance, 
What time the star-fires shot through twi- 
light's gloom : 
Tfcey sang the knightly chivalry of France, 
Her fruitful vineyards, and her gardens* 
Hymn'd the sad requiem to that hapless doom, 
Which joined in death the lovers of Vau- 
Twining grief 's minstrel garlands round their 
D Vol. % Atbeh BTir. 

Where many an holy tear its shrine bedewf, 
And Elolsa'sfate is mourn'd by every Muse. 

" Loved Land, farewell !— nor blame me for 
the wrong 
Thy charms nave saner' d from this idle 
rhime $ 
Though an all-feeble Minstrel weaves the 
That tens strange legends of thine earlier 
When feudal power was stain'* with feudal 
And e'en thy flowery paths were track'd 
Deeds all unmeet for such celestial clime. 

Whose beauties live alike in field and flood, 
On sky-cant saosmtaUi'a height, and mulberry 
shaded wood* 

" Land of Romance !— a last, a long adieu X 

Thy scenes are fading from my sight away, 
Nor dare my skiUess touch their themes renew, 

While on the breeae my v fitful notes decay, 
As sinks the western sunbeam's golden ray, 

To veil its glories in the ocean's sweD ; 
E'en with that rude breeze dies my ruder lay,, 

Awaking Fancy bursts her fairy spell, 
And the Muse bids her own romantic land— 

The Commemorative Addresses are 
ail well written and judiciously applied ; 
we select one, recited at the anniversary 
festival of** the Artists* General Benevo- 
lent Institution," on June 4th, 1816 : 

" How pare, bow fadeless is the halo flame, 
That beams its radiance o'er the Artist's name; 
Wbere,bright with Inspiration's kindling rays, 
The star of Genius sheds its warmestJUaae 1 

" 'Tis Genius strikes the Bard of Nature's 

Whose magic numbers weave the Muse's spell, 
Inspires the gifted Poet's tale of tears, 
And wakes his melodies of vanhm'd years.— 
'Tis Genius bids the pencil's shadows flow, 
Gleam e£he page, or on the canvas glow j 
With mimic life arrays the storied scene, 
Where future times see what the past have 

Traced in its splendours of the rainbow's light, * 
What fairy visions greet the raptured sight !— 
Heroes and sages quit the mouldering tomb, 
And Spring's gay sweets in changeless beauty 

E'en from Oblivion's rage can Painting save, 
And its proud pencil triumph o'er the grave I 

" Science and Art a new creation give, 
Breathe on the stone, and bid the marble live, 
In sculptured bronze record the Conqueror's 

On the high column fix his mighty name ; 
Rear the wide dome, the vaulted arch expand, 
And spsead the glories of a glorious land. 

Digitized by 



Thomson's " De Courci? arid other Potms. 

[▼OL f. 

" In life, in death, eternal honours spread, 
Fame's meteor brightness found its votary's 

Though, like the stormy sun-hurst's flitting 

A varying lot may mark his chetjaer'd day, 
When doom'd to smuggle with mrsfOrtoWf 

—Another victim to the ills of life } 
'MMtt ceatelesi Ytudy, Time unheeded flies, 
And his Art triumphs,— but the Artist dies ! 

" See at the hillock where his ashes Bleep, 
Those sorrowing babes, and mourning widow 
weep j 

Beneath that turf, who— flow ers lovaroly 

Bach bliss lies buried in a parent's tomb, 
And Mere, too soon, may poverty's decree 
Lay the young saplings with the blasted tree. 
Unaided shall they fall ?— No ! Ton will hear 
The mother's anguish, and her infants' prayer* 
'When in their souls' dread agony they sue,— 
When their last earthly hope is fixed on you,— 
¥ou will forbid the sinking heart to break, 
And b'less the orphan for his Father's sake. 

" Beloved England j— 'tis our proudest 

That Pity's angel sanctffles thy coast, 
And on this day, to England doubly dear, 
8bonld every tender feeling mingle here % 
Then whilst we hail, with Joy and minstrel- 

The hour that marks our Sovereign's birth 

Oh ! let a nation's prayers with rapture 

Imploring tteartngs an our virtuous King ! 
From him that blase of Charity we trace 
Which sheds iistafinence o'er his royal race ; 
And long may Heaven's protecting arm defend 
His Peoele'sFathe«,and the Artist's Friend !" 

Most of these Addresses have been 
written for anniversaries of the several 
Institutions of which the rbyaBrothers 
are Patrons or Benefactors ; Mr. Thom- 
son, as Honorary Secretary to his Royal 
Highness the Duke of Kent, for Chart- 
ties, has thus evinced, by the talent 
which he possesses, the interest which 
he feels in that great cause of national 
beneficence which bis illustrious Princi- 
pal, and every member of the throne, 
countenance with a benevolence of heart 
and earnestness of support which dignify 
the splendour of personal rank by the 
hallowed elevation of Christian charac- 

Among the miscellaneous poems of 
this volume are several of considerable 

merit ; but we reluctantly yield to the 
necessity of contracting our notice of 
them within the limits of our pages 
— and must content ourselves with out 


If after every tempest come such calms. 
May the winds blow till they have wakenM 

Aud let the mtoorin* bark climb hUb of 
Olympus-high j and plunge again as low 
As deeps from Heaven t-*- 


Watt tartness ctoo&sthe angry deep. 
And thunders break the seaman's steeps 
By danger roused, he braves the storm 
v'bere Peril rears her direst form. 
The signal gun, discharged fa vain, 
But mocks the roaring of the main ;-— 
Till from afar Ae life-boat near*, 
feach bosom's drooping courage cheers t 
And safe oh shore, forgot Is every toil, 
Consoled by woman's love, and friendship's 
smile 1 

In war's red field, where loud alarms 
Repeat the battle-cry— To arms t 
Where Fate demands his victim's breath, 
And friends and foes are jora'd in death, 
€rin vultures wait their destined prey. 
And carnage mar ks the closing day s— 
Bat when, the fearful conflict o'er, 
Each soldier seeks his wisb'd-fbr shore, ' 

He feels that home will every care begntte, 
With angel woman's love, and friendshfp'a 

From the extracts which we have giv- 
en, our readers will allow us to appeal to 
their judgment for the justice of our un- 
qualified approval of Mr. Thomson's 
work: — and the author will not, per- 
haps, refuse our congratulations when we 
add, upon the pledge of our impartial 
opinion, that be need not shrink from 
the critic's eye, nor suffer hts modesty 
to question the merit of his muse. We 4 
have, however, one boon to beg of him, 
in behalf of the public — that he would 
apply himself to a subject of more im- 
portance, and give to the world some 
regular poem* which we are well assured 
h» genius and his talents are amply 
competent to produce ; and if we may 
1)e allowed to suggest the subject, we 
should mention— Charity. 

Jww, 1817. 

Digitized by 


YOU 2.} Frenob Economy. 10 


From tkt Moathty MfeMtafc 

Meaux, in France; Dec. 11,1816. stall iu a market from morning to night, 

IN this neighbourhood nearly all the bow miserable is her situation in Ear 
cottagers are land-owners, that is, gland, she never has a com fortabla meal; 
possess from half an acre to five acres, look at a French market-woman, she 
and the cultivation of these little spots baa a morsel of meat and a few vege-» 
occupies their time, and the produce tables, perhaps only two ounces of 
keeps their families. Three-fifths of the bacqn, beef, or mutton ; she has a little 
land is planted with vines, hence we may earthen furnace like a flower-pot, and a 
conclude the general distress in this peony-worth of charcoal, she stews her 
season of scarcity. To alleviate it a little morsel at her feet in an earthen sauce- 
the crop of potatoes is every where pan, and with a little bread has two or 
abundant, and poor families boil half three warm comfortable meals, while the 
a-peck of potatoes, a couple of cabbages, charcoal keeps her feet wapn all day, 
and half a pound of bacon, which forms Can we doubt theq as to the relative 
their breakfast, dinner, and supper. It is degree of comfort enjoyed by the French, 
unnecessary to state the quality of the and English women ? 
soup made from such materials, a little In England, if a poor man has no 
improved by two or three carrots and a home to dress his victuals, he buys a 
roasted onion. Such is their fare, and morsel of indifferent meat at the market, 
mast be during the winter. Labour is and takes it to a public-house to dress, 
also extremely cheap, a man willgo thirty where he spends his tyne and his money, 
miles with bis horse and cart, laden both and forms bad connexions. In the 
ways, for 7s.; and a master gardener parts of Pahs, inhabited by the labouring 
earns only ISd. per diem, providing his classes, women have stalls with frying* , 
own food. Female labour is from ba\ pans, gridirons, chops, herrings, pota- 
to 7\dL per day ; the hire of a horse for toes, (fried,) &c. &c. where, for twor 
work, (a sort of galloway,) is 30 sous, pence, a poor man may make a toler- 
(1 5d.) ; and of an ass, 7\cL It is an old able repast. The gridiron is on the fire, 
adage, that three Frenchmen would live and, for one half-penny beyond the cost 
where one Englishman would starve — of the meat, or fish, it is nicely fried. 
it is very true, and live well. An Eng- The writer of this articla has frequently 
lishman will broil a stake and lose all stood by and admired the dexterity, the 
the fine delicious juice in the fire; a cleanliness, and economy of these per- 
Frenchroan will boil half the quantity sons ; he has left the scene, gone to a 
with vegetables, have good broth for restaurateur's, ordered the same things 
three persons, and meat enough for all ; for hi^dinner, costing him three shii- 
or he will fry it, and, with the juice of lings, Trad found them neither so well 
the meat left in the frying pan, he will dressed nor so well served. As Eng- 
make a better soup than is frequently to land suffers from scarcity, these hints, 
be found in English coffee-houses at a circulated by the Monthly Magazine, 
shilling per bason. In a French kitchen, may produce much comfort amongst 
whether great or small nothing is wasted; the lower classes ; and, in keeping per- 
and a French cook would think it the sons from public-houses, where they 
sin against the Holy Ghost, from which now are often obliged to go from ne- 
even the Pope would not absolve him, cessity, public morals will, undoubtedly, 
were he to waste or sell Ms dripping. be benefitted. The scheme would take 
We say, the French have no word to at first from its novelty, and be continued 
express comfort ; true, but they have the from its evident utility, as persons would 
idea and practise it, while we too often thus make a better meal for three-pence 
content ourselves with the name; for than they now do often for a shilling. 
instance, a poor woman who keeps a S. T. • . 

Digitized by 


SO Original Letters from a Father. [vol. « 


letter in. which they themselves estimate the time 

I' Mrdurin, consumed in the performance of them* 

N my last I addressed you somewhat There ig nothi mm jugt than 8Uch m 
at hrge upon the disposal of your mwer% and nothi more ^ than tbe 
time: but tome is so important and ex- coloration on which it is grounded z 
tensive a subject, and embraces so many for he who surrender3 hi3 ^ gives up 
considerations essentially blended with the most valuable property be ban pos- 
a young man s happiness, that I must aod he> in w r ho se , it is ex _ 

take leave to trespass a little farther upon dedf adds it t0 hig own> ^ nd makes a 
yourattenuonvby entenng more partic- proportionate advantage of the aggregate, 
olarly into its discussion, and applying it lt ^^ thei)f that even in the most 
peculiarly to your situation. I would subordinate appropriations of time, its 
hope, dear G — -, that you will not va i ue j s most accurately appreciated by 
think me presuming too far upon my those who barter it for pecuniary recom- 
own experience, if I insist more serious- ~mw\ but how much more scrupulous- 
ly upon this topic than what may per- f y ought every hour and minute to be 
bape appear to yon to be necessary. we i g hed by those who possess the facili- 
tomember, a parent is the treasurer of ty f applying it to the higher purposes 
his child s possessions, and it is his duty of i nte iiectual attainment ! purposes, 
to provide that the store be not diminish- w hi c h,so far from placing them in sub- 
ed by careless inconsiderateness on the rdinacy to 6thers, raise them above the 
part of either. Of these possessions, general level of society, 
time may rightly be regarded as the most A young man f education, in what- 
precious, since it materially depends ever me dium he may be called upon to 
upon the right use of this inestimable exert himself as an active member of the 
talent, whether the rest prove profitable community to which he betongs, may 
° r P^2 1C10U8 ' fairly be supposed to be actuated by that 

Suffer me, then, to dwell somewhat emulous desire of distinguishing himself, 
at length upon what I esteem as its due wmcn peculiarly characterises the native 
application; and should you now feel energy of youth. He will not, therefore, 
that I attach more restrictions to your mh \^ 9 a senseless sacrifice of the most 
disposal of it than are warranted by efficient means which he possesses of se- 
your youthful feelings, I have no hesita- cur j ng sucn distinction. And when he 
tion in promising you, that your com- fi nds tna t he has sufficient disposal of 
pliance with them will insure you the his time to improve the advantages which 
nest satisfactions in your earlier progress he possesses in a superior degree over his 
through life, and the happiest^isola- compeers in the department of his por- 
tions at that period of it, when your own gonal employ, he will not rest satisfied, 
experience shall justify these admoni- if he has any laudable ambition, until he 
tions which mine most earnestly recom- extends this superiority beyond the mere 
mends to your most solemn reflections, limits of official agency. "The prospec- 

There are few persons, my dear Q — , tive value of his time, will be the scale 
who are engaged in the industrious as- by which he will estimate it ; and the 
sociations of life, that do not frame to annual stipend which he receives for his 
themselves a standard of gain, either of intermediate application of it, will not 
present possession or future prospect, by be regarded by him as marking its posi- 
which they calculate the value and profit tive worth. By this prospective value, 
of their labour ; and the index that I would be understood as referring to 
graduates the scale is their time. — "I that improvement of his time, which may 
can make more of my time,'* is the com- so prepare him for any advance of situa- 
mon reply of such individuals, if they (ion, that whenever the promotion is 
consider the proffered remuneration or placed within his reach, he may not be 
wages of their services, below the rate at deterred from seeking it, by any con- 

Digitized by 


<rot» £.] Letters from a Father to his Son. 21 

aciousness of inability, or hazard the and indeed, if what you receive as the 1 
favourable disposition of those who can wages of your service, is to be used only 
bestow it, by any known disqualified- for providing the supplies to your plea- 
lion consequent of an idle or inconsid- sures, I should not hesitate to pronounce, 
erate neglect of his opportunities. that it is a great deal too much to be 

If these remarks have any claim to left at the disposal of any youth, Who 
your attention, I would ground it upon from living under a paternal roof, and ni 
the following corollary to the proposi- a paternal board, has no other demands 
tion from which they originate ; — That upon his purse, than what are indispen- 
if he who employs his time in the ser- sable to keep his wardrobe in moderate 
▼ice of others, calculates its worth with repair. Much money is a possession as 
ao much precision, be who has the pow- dangerous to a young man, as miich 
er of appropriating it to bis own more leisure, if the one be not prudeotially 
immediate advantage, ought not to be (Economized, and the other wisely im- 
less considerate in his application of it. proved ; the profligate waste of the one. 
But you will perhaps tell me that who- leads to the pernicious abuse of the oth- 
ever makes a pecuniary profit of his er ; and vicious inclination is too often 
time, may be regarded as employing it found to be commensurate with the 
to his own benefit ; and that you are means of indulgence. But the ruinous 
doing this while you receive in return facilities of both may be avoided by the 
for your attendance six or eight hours right application of your time; or, in 
in the day, an equivalent salary, and the best sense of the phrase, "by mak- 
that when these hours are elapsed, you ing the most of it." And how is this t* 
have a right to dispose of the remaining be done f I will tell you. 
part in throwing away your earnings Divide it regularly ; 

upon what you consfder as a requisite Employ it profitably ; 

recreation of your mind after the fatigues Apply it sedulously ; 

of its daily toil. Redeem it anxiously. 

I should not find much difficulty in Divide it regularly. 
admitting your answer, could 1 be assu- Business, study, and recreation, make 
Ted that such recreation were not more up the sum of a young man's occupation 
calculated to corrupt and dissipate the of time. In the first rank of his engage* 
thoughts, than to recruit and renovate the roents ought to be placed the pledge 
mind ; and did not this consequent pre- which he has given to his employers, to 
aent itself to my reflection, that, while you fulfil the duties attached to his situation* 
axe occupied six hours in business, at a This, therefore, constitutes the first divi- 
-certain salary, and your leisure hours are sion of his time — and this division wiU 
squandered in the unprofitable pursuits comprehend the hours of attendance, 
of dissipation, you are, as it were, throw- That it may not trench upon the 
ing the remainder of your time into the regularity of bis system, he will take 
bargain, and for eighty or a hundred care to accomplish all he has to do with- 
pounds a year so consumed, you are con* in the given period ; and that he may 
teuted to sacrifice the best part of your effect this, he will not allow any unsea* 
life. How much wiser do those think and sonaWe interruption which he can pre- 
act, who, in their plodding calculations vent, to iqgerfere with his purpose : he 
of the quid pro quo, tell us "they can will reflect that he is of no other impor- 
make more of their time." tance in his office, than as he fulfils the 

And how much more, my dear G , duties of his peculiar department ; but 

may not you make of your time ! I do that while he continues to perform these, 
not mean in a pecuniary way — you are he secures to himself the important char- 
paid for your industry as much as the use- acter of a young man who can be de- 
fulness of your exertions can justly de- pended upon. In office hours, therefore, 
mand — and for six or eight hours 9 daily he must have no other concern than that 
employment, the renumeration is quite which relates to his official business — 
sufficient; your responsibility being all and every other object must be rejected as 
comprehended in your punctuality of an irrelevant intrusion upon his attention. 
attendance and accuracy of transcript Now, my dear G— > you are thus 

Digitized by UOOQ 1C 

2& • Letter* from a Walker to Am &/v £*ou 9 

occupied six hours in a day, and you an reading and answering them at yoai 
solemnly bound, by an honourable sense dealt — and books or parcels which bar* 
of your compact, to apply them to the nothing to do with the aflaire of your 
service of your engagement It seldom business, should not be admitted among 
happens, I believe, that in your profession your professional papers ; the mixturedoee 
the pressure of business exceeds the oppor- not bespeak the man of business, and 
tumties which the hours set apart for its this is the only character in which yoo 
execution afford for its completion. You should be known at such hours; an4 
may, therefore, reckon upon the entire here I would protest against that idle 
possession of the rest of the day for your practice of many of your brother clerks 
independent application to your own who are in the habit of keeping books 
peculiar purposes ; — whatever these pur- of light or vicious reading in their desks, 
posts may be, therefore, do not suffer with which they waste many a half-hour 
them to distract your thoughts, or divert that might and ought to be otherwise 
your attention from that official direction employed. Such a practice is apt to 
of both to which both ought to be con- produce an estrangement of thought thai 
formed; but content yourself with the detaches them from their occupation, and 
conviction that you have time enough unfits them for that deliberative part of h 
in thereat of the day to attend to them, which is at all times requisite, even in its 

By this arrangement, pressure will not roost cursory claims upon their attention, 
produce hurry, nor will hurry, should it Let it not be thought by you that 1 carry 
occur from any extraordinary cause, ira- this subject too far, and strain it beyoud 
plicate you in desultory or inaccurate its general importance, by minutiae which, 
performance of your duty. in your opinion, have no influence upon 

By dividing your time, you reduce the common progress of the business of 

nil your pursuits into a regular system office ; — for the fact is, my dear O , 

of action; you prevent their interfering that in whatever station a young man is 
with and confounding each other ; and, placed, his mind displays itself more by 
what is of greater consequence than all each deviations, than by the graver ex- 
this, yon effectually obviate all that long ercises of his employ — these he is welt 
train of disabilities which invariably fof aware if not performed with due con- 
low from procrastination, that " thief of sideration, give a stamp to his character 
time" as Young very apdy calls it Your at once, and therefore he keeps himself 
hours of business, therefore, must be ap- upon his guard, while he concludes, that 
plied to business only— and 1 should ad* he may indulge in the former without any 
vise you not to mil into that custom danger of committing himself to the cen- 
which prevails among young men, of sure of his employers. But all such in* 
making appointments with their young diligences, if continued, are very likely 
acquaintance to meet them at their place to clothe his proceedings with that des- 
of business upon the most trifling ooca- ultory air, which, in time, will grow into 
sions ; and carrying thither books either character, and will go a great way towards 
of frivolous import, or of a less justifies diminishing the estimate of his official 
Me description. usefulness, or personal worth. Steadi- 

This caution, unnecessary as it may ness in a youth is a qualification which 
appear, will assume some shape of ira- is held in much higher esteem by his 
portance, when it is recoUectea that every superiors, than that sort of quickness 
interruption produces delay in business, which he is in the habit of depending 
The value of your time will never be upon for getting up his lost time, and 
duly appreciated by those who take no supplying those consequent omissions 
account of their own ; and while tftey which a uniform tenor of settled applica- 
think they have hours to spare, they will tion would have enabled him to avoid, 
not reflect that you have not a moment to This steadiness is the satisfactory 
lose. Sucbtsapertinents you should brush ground of their confidence, but this 
away as pxi would the fly that lights quickness, while they perceive it to be 
upc% the paper on which you are writing, the resource of his irregularity, will 

Your private letters also are as much always deter them from giving him air 
out of place, if you are in the habit of agency of extraordinary trust; you w" 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

vou *.} On the Virtue* of Coffee. *3 

therefore do well to avoid this common plicate yon in some inconvenient tres* 

error of young men similarly situated pass upon the time allotted for the avo- 

with yourself; because whatever of cations of your employ, and in that pro- 

your private pursuits mixes itself with portion the execution of them will be 

you public duties, will be sure to im- imperfect, and incomplete. 


IT is a generally-received opinion, that rates the process of digestion, corrects 
the human frame is not less influenced crudities, and removes the colic and 
by diet, than by climate ; that its dispo- flatulencies. 

sitions, and characteristics, owe their ong- Besides its effect in keeping up the 
reality as much to food, as those diseaa- harmony of the gastrick powers, it dif- 
es evidently do, which are the legitimate fuses a genial warmth that cherishes the 
and indisputable issue of it animal spirits, and takes away the list- 

If the preceding position be just, there lessness and languor which so greatly 
cannot surely by a subject more interest- embitter the hours of nervous people, 
ingto man, than the pursuit of that know- after any deviation to excess, fatigue, or 
ledge which may instruct him to avoid irregularity. 

what is hurtful to health, to select for his From the warmth and efficacy of cof- 
use such things as tend to raise the val- fee in attenuating the viscid fluids, and 
me of his condition, and to carry the en- increasing the vigour of the circulation, 
joyments of life to their utmost improve- it has been used with great success in 
■rant the fluor albus, in the dropsy, and in worm 

In England the use of this berry hith- complaints ; and in those comatose, 
erto has been principally confined to the anasarcous, and such otherdiseases as arise 
occasional luxury of individuals; as from unwholesome food, want of exercise, 
such, it is scarcely an object of public weak fibres, and obstructed perspiration, 
concern ; but government, wisely con- There are but few people who are 
sidering that this produce of our own not informed of its utility for the head- 
West India islands is raised by our fel- ache; the steam sometimes is very use- 
low-subjects, and paid for in our own ful to mitigate pains of the head : — in 
manufactures, has lately reduced the the West Indies, where the violent spe- 
duty on the importation of plantation cies of head-ache, such as cephala?a,- 
eoffee ; which has brought h within the hemicrania, and clavus, are more fre- 
reach of almost every description of peo- quent and more severe than in Europe, 
pie ; and as it is not liable to any per- coffee is the only medicine that gives re- 
nicioas process in curing it, and is inca- lief. Opiates are sometime used, but 
pable of adulteration, the use of it will coffee has an advantage tha&opium does 
probably become greatly extended ; as not possess ; it may be taken in all con- 
in other countries, it may diffuse itself ditions of the stomach ; and at all times 
among the mass of the people, and make by women, who are most subject to 
a considerable ingredient in their daily these complaints ; as it dissipates those 
sustenance. congestions and obstructions that are 

The extraordinary influence that cof- frequently the cause of the disease, and 
fee, judiciously prepared, imparts to the which opium is known to increase, when 
stomach, from its tonic and invigorating its temporary relief is past 
qualities, is strongly exemplified by the Coffee having the admirable property 
immediate effect produced on taking k, of promoting perspiration, it allays thirst, 
when the stomach is overloaded with and checks preternatural beat, 
food, or oauseated with surfeit, or de- The great use of coffee in France is 
faititated by intemperance. supposed to have abated the prevalently 

To constitutionally weak stomachs, it of the gravel, 
sflbrds a pleasing sensation ; it acccle- In the French Colonies, where coffee 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

£4 Dr. MoseUy on the Virtue* of Coffee, [vol. 2- 

is more used than with the English, as opinion has been received, and propega- 
well as in Turkey, where it is the princi- ted from him, as he received and prop*- 
pal beverage, not only the gravel, but the gated it from its fabulous origin. The 
gout, those tormentors of so many of facts have been refuted by Du Foot,, 
the human race, are scarce known. and many travellers. 

It has been found useful in quieting . Sir Thomas Herbert, who was seve- 
the tickling vexatious cough that often ral years in the East, tells us that the Per- 
accompanies the small-pox, and other sians have a different opinion of coffee : 
eruptive fevers. A dish of strong cof- — " They say, that coffee comforts the 
fee, without milk or sugar, taken fre- brain, expels melancholy and sleep, pur* 
quently in the paroxysm of an asthma, ges choler, lightens the spirits, and begets 
abates the 6t; and I have often known an excellent concoction : and, by custom, 
it to remove the fit entirely. Sir John becomes delicious. But all these virtues 
Floyer, who had been afflicted with the do not conciliate their liking of it so much, 
asthma from the seventeenth year of his as the romantic notion,that it was invent- 
age until be was upwards of fourscore, ed and brewed by the Angel Gabribi 
found no remedy in all his elaborate re- to restore Mahomet's decayed moisture, 
searches, until the latter part of his life, which it did effectually, 
when he obtained it by coffee. A subject like coffee, possessed of ac- 

Prepared strong and clear, and diluted tive principles and evident operations, 
with a great portion of boiled milk, it be- must necessarily be capable of misapply* 
comes a highly nutritious and balsamic cation and abuse ; and there must be 
diet ; proper in hectic, pulmonic, and all particular habits which these operations 
complaints where a milk diet is useful ; disturb. Slare says he used it in too 
and is a great restorative to constitutions great excess, and it affected his nerves ; 
emaciated by the gout and other chronic but Dr. Fothergill, who was a sensible 
disorders. man, and did not use it to great excess. 

Long watching and intense study are though he was of a very delicate habit, 
wonderfully supported by it, and without and could not use tea, drank coffee " al- 
the ill consequences that succeed thesus- most constantly for many years, without 
pension of rest and sleep, when thener- receiving any inconvenience from it" 
vous influence has nothing so sustain it But the history of particular cases 

Bacon says, " coffee comforts the head sometimes serves but to prove, that man* 
and heart, and helps digestion. 9 ' Dr. Wil- kind are not all organized alike; and 
lis says, •' being daily drank, it wonder- that the sympathy of one, and the an- 
fully clears and enlightens each part of tipatby of another, ought by no means to 
the soul, and disperses all the clouds of render useles that infinite variety which 
every function. The celebrated Dr. pervades all nature; and with which 
Hervey used it often ; Voltaire lived al- the earth is blessed in the vegetable cre- 
most on it ; and the learned and seden- ation. Were it so, physic would no- 
tary of every country nave recourse to it quire but little aid from the toils of phi- 
to refresh the brain, oppressed by study losophy, when philosophy had no other 
and contemplation. incitement to labour than barren specu- 

It is not to be expected that coffee lation. 
should escape objections ; and among its It has long been a custom with many 
most furious enemies was Simon Paulli • people among us, to add mustard to 
but he founded his prejudice against cof- their coffee : mustard, or aromatics, may, 
fee, as he had his prejudices against tea, with great propriety, be added in flatu- 
chocolate, and sugar, not on experience, lent, languid, and scorbutic constitutions ; 
but on anecdotes that be had picked up and particularly by invalids, and in such 
by hasty travellers, which had no other cases where warmth or stimulus is re- 
foundation than absurd report and con- quired. 

j eet ure : — but on these absurd tales this The Eastern nations add either cloves* 
learned man confesses he supports a no- cinnamon, cardamoms, cummin-seed, or 
liou that coffee (like tea to the Chinese) essence of amber, &c. but neither milk 
acted as a great drier to the' Persians, and or sugar. Milk and sugar, without the 
abated apbrodisiacal warmth. This aromatics, are generally used with it in 

Digitized by 


VOL, ?.] 

Dr. Carey on a new Coffee-Simmerer. 


Europe, America, and the West India 
Islands, except when taken after dinner ; 
then the method of the French is com- 
monly followed, and the milk is omitted. 

A cup or two thus taken after dinner, 
without cream or milk, promotes diges-. 
tion, and has been found very servicea- 
ble to those who are habitually costive. 
If a draught -of water is taken before 
coffee, according to the eastern custom, 
h gives it a tendency to act as an aperi- 

If a knowledge of the principles of 
coffee, founded on examination and va- 
rious experiments, added to observations 
made on the extensive and indiscriminate 
use of it, cannot authorise us to attribute 
to it any particular circumstance un- 
friendly to the human frame: — if the 

unerring test of experience has confirm- 
ed its utility, in many countries, not ex- 
clusively productive of those inconve- 
niencies, habits, and diseases, for which 
its peculiar properties seem most appli- 
cable :— let those properties be duly 
considered, and let us reflect on the 
state of our atmosphere, (he food and 
mode of life of the inhabitants, so inju- 
rious to youth and beauty, filling the 
large towns and cities with chronical in- 
firmities ; and I think it will be evident 
what advantages will result from the 
general use of coffee in England, as an 
article of diet, from the comforts of 
which the poor are not excluded, and to 
what purposes it may often be employed, 
as a safe and powerful medicine. 
London ; April 8, 1817. 


from La BcUe A**eaWr*. 

Mm. Editor, 
TTM1E use of coffee becoming every 
-■- day more extensive in this country, 
I presume that any suggestion for the 
improvement of that pleasant and salu- 
brious beverage cannot be unacceptable 
to the public Under thai persuasion, I 
beg leave to communicate a method of 
coffee-making, which I have long prac- 
tised, and which I find to answer my 
purpose better than any other ; although 
I have tried several, and bestowed on the 
subject a share of attention, which your 
readers will hardly deem censurable, 
when apprised that coffee has, for the 
lut three years, been my only beverage, 
except morning and evening tea. 

My process is that of simmering over 
the small but steady flame of a lamp ; a 
process at oncesimple, easy, and uniformly 
productive of an extract so grateful to 
the palate and the stomach as to leave 
me neither the want nor desire of any 
stronger liquor. But to accomplish this, 
a vessel of peculiar construction is re- 
quisite. Mine is a straight-sided pot, as 
wide at top as at bottom, and inclosed 
in a case of similar shape, to which it is 
soldered air-tight at the top. The case 
is above an inch wider than the pot ; 
descends somewhat less than an inch 
Mow it, and is entirely open at the 
C Vol. 1. \tweset*h. 

bottom ; thns admitting and confining a 
body of hot air all round and underneath 
the pot : the lid is double, and the vessel 
is, of course, furnished with a convenient 
handle and spout 

The extract may be made either wish 
hot or cold water. If intended for 
speedy use hot water will be proper, but 
not actually boiling ; and, the powdered 
coffee being added, nothing remains but 
to close the Kd tight, to atop the spout 
with a cork, and place the vessel over the 
lamp, where it may remain unattended 
until the coffee is wanted for immediate 
use. It may then be strained through a 
bag of stout coarse linen, which will 
transmit the liquid so perfectly clear as 
uot to contain the smallest particle of 
the powder. The strainer is tied round 
the mouth of an open cylinder, or tube, 
which is fitted into the mouth of the cof- 
fee-pot that is to receive the fluid, as a 
streamer is fitted into the mouth of a 
saucepan ; and if the coflee-pot have a 
cock Dear the bottom, the liquid may be 
drawn out as fast and as hot as it flows 
from the strainer. 

If the coffee be not intended for speedy 
use, as is the case with me, who have my 
aim merer placed over my night-lamp at 
ltf-J- time, to produce the beverage which 
1 am to drink the next day at dinner and 
supper lime; in suih casus cold water 

Digitized by 


26 Lord Byrorig new ftem, " The Lament »/ Taw.* [vol. 2. 

may bfi used with equal, or perhaps Oae material advantage attending this 
superior advantage. mode of coffee-making ia, that a smaller 

With respect to the tamp, although a .quantity of the powdered berry is requisite 
fountain lamp is undoubtedly preferable, to give the desired strength to the liquor, 
any of the common small lamps which The common methods require that the 
are seen in every tin-shop, will answer powder be coarse, in which state it does 
the purpose, provided that it contain a not give out its virtue so completely as if 
snfficiency of oil to continue burning it were ground finer ; whereas in this pro- 
bright during the requisite length Of time, cess it may be used as fine as it can con- 
The tube, or burner, of my lamp is little veniently be made ; and the finer it is the 
more than One-eighth of an inch in smaller will be the quantity required, or 
diameter ; and this at the distance of one the richer the extract, as I have agreeably 
inch and three quarters below the bottom experienced, since I have been enabled 
of the pot, with the wick little more than by the new invention of Messrs. Deakin 
one-eighth of an inch high, and with and Duncan, of Ludgate-hill, to have 
pure spermaceti oil, has invariably per- my coffee at once reduced to the proper 
formed, as above described, witbont re- degree of fineness by a single operation, 
quiring any trimming or other attention, without the tedious labour of a second 
and without producing any smoke ; grinding with the mill tightened. — I am, 
whereas if the wick was too high, or the Sir, yours, &c. John Carey. 

oil not good, the certain consequences June 1817. 
would be smoke, soot, and extinction. 



At Ferrara (to the library) are preserved the All this bath somewhat worn me, and may 
original M88. of Tasso's Gierusalemme and wear, 

tbf Gaarini's Pastor Fido, with letters of But mast be home. I stoop not to despair ; 
Tasso, one from Titian to Ariosto ; and the For I have battled with mi*e agony, 
inkstand and chair, the tomb and the boose, And made me wings we re with to overfly 
of the latter. Bat as misfortune has a greater The narrow circus of my dungeon wall, 
interest for posterity, aad little or none for And freed the Holy 8epnlchre from thrall, 
the contemporary, the cell where Tasso was And revelled among men aad things divine, 
confined in the hospital of SL Anna attracts And poured my spirit over Palestine, 
a more Axed attention than the residence at In honour of rne sacred war for him , 
the monument of Arios to ■ -at least, U had The God who was on earth aad is la heaven, 
this effect on me. There are two inscriptions, For he bath strengthened me in heart and limb, 
one on the outer gate, the second over the That thro* this sufferance I might be forgiven, 
cett itself, i nvitiny , aa nece s sa rily^he wonder I have employed ay peaaace to record 
and the indignation of the spectator. Ferrara How Salem*s shrine was won, and how adored , 
is much decayed, and depopulated j the TT 

cafttlestill exists entire * and I saw the court fiut ^ . g o , er pleasant task is done •— 

I. Know, that my sorrows have wrung from me 

LONG years !— It tries the thrilling frame none, 

to bear But thou, my young creation ! mv sonl's chtkf 1. 

And eagle-spirit of a Child of Song— Which ever playing round me came and 
Long years of outrage, calumny, and wrong $ smiled. 

Imputed madness, prisoned solitude, And wooed me from myself with thy sweet 
And the mind's canker In its savage mood, sight, 

When the impatient thirst of light and air Thou too art gone— and so is my delight : 

Parches the heart ; and the abhorred grate, And therefore do I weep and inly bleed 

Marring the sunbeams with its hideous shade, With, this last bruise upon a broken reed. 

Worluthra'tlM throbbing eyeball to the brain Thoo tooarteodcd—whutis leftmenow ? 

With a not sense of heaviness and pain t For I have anguish yet to bear— .and how ? 

And bare, at once, Captivity displayed I know not that — but in the innatr force 

Stands scmana; 4*w the never-opened gate. Of my own spirit shall be found resource. 

Which nothing thro* its bars admits, save day I have not sunk, for I bad no remorse. 

And tasteless food, which I have eat alone Nor cause for such : they, called me mad — and 
Till its unsocial bitterness is gone i why ? 

And lean banouet like a beast of prey. Oh Leonora I wilt not them reply J 

Sullen nnd lonely, couching in the cave I was indeed delirious ia mv heart 

Which is my lair, and— it may be— my grave. To lift my love so lofty as tnon art j 

Digitized by 


k>l. 2.] hard Byrxm'i new J%em, " The Lament of Taeso? 


Be* still my freu«y > was not of the mind > 
I knew ray fault, and feel ray punishment 
Not less because 1 suffer it unbent 
That thou wert beautiful, and I not blind, 
Hath been the sin which shuts me from man- 
But let them go, or torture as tbey will. 
My heart can multiply thine image still ; 
Successful lore may sate itself away, 
The wretched are the faithfol ; *t is their fate 
To have all feeling save the one decay, 
And every passion into one dilate, 
As rapid rivers into ocean pour ; 
But ours Is fathomless, and bath no shore. 

Above me, hark ! the long and maniac cry 
Of minds and bodies in captivity. 
And hark 1 the lash and the increasing bowl* 
And the half-inarticulate blasphemy F 
There be some here with worse than frenzy 

Some who do still goad on the o'erJaboorcd 

And dim the little light that's left behind 
"With seedless torture, as their tyrant will 
Is wound up to the lust of doing ill ; 
With these and with their victims am I classed* 
'Mid sounds and sights like these long years 

have passed; 
'Mid sights and sounds like these my life may 

So let it be— for then I shall repose. . 

I have been patient, let me be so yet j 
I bad forgotten half I would forget, 
Bat it revives— oh ! would it were my lot 
To be forgetful as I am forgot ! 
Feel I not wroth with those who bade me 

In this vast lazar-house of many woes J 
Where laughter is not mirth, nor thought the 

Nor words a language, nor e'en men mankind: 
Where cries reply to curses, shrieks to blows, 
And each is tortured in bis separate hell — 
For we are crowded in our solitudes- 
Many, but each divided by the wall, 
Which echoes Madness in her babbling 

moods ; — _ 
While all can hear, none heed bis neighbour's 

None ! save that One, the veriest wretch of 

Who was not made to he the mate of these, 
Nor bound between Distraction and Disease. 
Feel I not wroth with those who placed me 

Who have debased me in the minds of men. 
Debarring me the usage of my own, 
Blighting my life in best of its career, 
Branding my thoughts as things to shun and 

Would 1 not pay them back these pangs again. 
And teach, them inward sorrow's stifled groan ? 
The struggle to he calm, and cold distress, 
Which undermines our stoical success ? 
Vo 1— still too proud to be vindictive— I 
Have pardoned princes' insults, and would die. 
Yes, Sister of my Sovereign ! tor thy sake * 
I weed all bitterness from out my breast, 
It hath no business where thou art a guest ; 
Thy brother hates— but I can not detest ; 
Thou pitiest not— but I can not forsake. 


Look on a love which knows not to despair, 
But all unqueached is still my better part, 
Dwelling deep in my shot and silrnt heart 

As dwells the gathered lightning in its cloud. 
Encompassed With Its dark and rolling shroud, 
Till struck,— forth flies the aH-etherealdarH 
And thus at the collision of thy name 
The vivid thought ttiU flashes through my frame) 
And for a moment ail things as they were 
Flit by me |~*tbcy ai« gone— I mm the same. 
And yet my ioyo without nrahsgon grew % 
I knew thy state, my station, and I Slow 
A princess was no love-mate for a bard ; 
I told it not, 1 breathed it not, it was 
Sufficient to itself, its own reward x 
And if my eyes revealed it, they, alas ! 
Were punished by the sileotness a( thioe, 
And yet I did not venture so repine. 
Thou wert to me a crystal-girded shrine. 
Worshipped at holy distance, and around 
Hallowed and meekly aimed the saintly - 

ground i 
Not for thou wert a princess, but that Love 
Had robed thee with a glory, and arrayed 
Thy lineaments in beauty that dismayed— 
Oh ! not dkunayed— butawed, like Oaeahove i 
And in that sweet severity there was 
A something which all softness did surpass — 
I know not now— thy genius mastered miae~~* 
My star stood still before thee :— If it were 
Presumptuous thus to love without design. 
That sad fatality bath cost me dear i 
But thou art dearest still, and 1 should be 
Fit for this cell, which wrengsme, but for tkee* 
The very love which locked me to my chain 
Hath lightened half its weight ; and for the rest, 
Though heavy, lent me vigour to sustain, 
And look to wee with undivided breast, 
And foil the ingenuity of Fain. 

It is no marvel — from my very birth 
My soul was drunk with love, which did pervade 
And mingle with whate'er 1 saw on earth ; 
Of objects nil inanimate 1 made 
Idols, and out of wild and lonely flowers, 
And rocks, whereby they grew, a paradise, 
Where I did lay me down within the shade 
Of waving trees, and dreamed uncounted hours, 
Tbo' I was chid for wandering ; and the wise 
Shook their white aged heads o'er me, and «aW 
Of such materials wretched men were made, • 
And such a truant boy would end in wo, 
And that the only lesson was a blow i 
And then tbey smote me, and 1 did not weep, 
But cursed them in my heart, and to my haunt 
Returned and wept alone, and dreamed again 
The visions which arise without a sleep. 
And with my yean my soul began to pant 
With feelings of strange tumult and soft pain » 
And the whole heart exhaled into One Want, 
But undefined and wandering, till the day 
I found the thing I soughu-aod that was thee a 
And then 1 lost my being all to be 
Absorbed in thine— the world was past away— 
Thou didst annihilate the earth to me ! 


1 loved ail solitude— but little thought 
To spend I know not what of life, remote 
From all communion with existence, save 
The maniac and his tyrant » had I been 
Their fellow, many yean ere this had teen 
My mind like thein corrupted to its grave t 
But who bath seen me writhe,or heard me rave? 
Perchance in such a cell we suffer more 
Than the wrecked sailor on his desert shore ; 
The world is all before him— nh« is aers, 
Scarce twice the space they must accord my 

What though he perish, he may lift his eye 
And with a dying glance upbraid the iky— 

Digitized by 



Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical. 


\?iP *$&*. m 7 own to •** reproof, 
Although 'tis clouded by my dungeon roof. 

Tet do I fed at tinei my Miiid dedioe. 
Bat with a feme of Mi decay :-I tee^ 
Unwonted hghti along my prison shine, 
«i a £2°£* demon, who it vexing me 
Witn pilfcrmc pranks nod petty pains, below 
The feeling of the healttfelafid die free | 
Bat much to Ooe, who long hath soflered so, 
wckneti of heart, and nnriowness of place, 
And all that may be borne, or can debase, 
imonrht mine eoemies had been bot man, 
Bat spirits may be leagned with them— all 

^^^•"^Henven forgets rae---io the dearth 
Of sach defence the Powers of Evil can. 
It may be, tempt me farther, and prevail 
4S* il ? 4 £? ****** creature thef assail, 
why in thto furnace is my spirit proved 
Like steel Hi temperiog ire? because I loved ? 
Becaafe I loved what not to love, and see, 
Was more or less than mortal, and than me. 

I once was quick in feeling—that is o'er— 
if y scars are callous, or I should have dashed 
My brain against these bars as the son flashed 
Id mockery through them;— if I bear and bore 
Sf^ttph I have recounted, and the more 
Which bath no words, 'tis that I woaM not die 
And sanction with self-daughter the doll lie 
c «wired me here, and with the brand of 

No— it snail be immortal !— and I make 
A foture temple of my present cell, 
Which nations yet shall visit for my sake. 
While than, Ferrara ! wheo no looeer dwell 
The ducal chiefs within thee, shalt fall down, 
And crumbling piecemeal view thy bearthlesa 

A poet's wreath shall be thine only crown, 
Apoet's dungeon thy most far renown, 
While strangers wonder o'er thy unpeopled 

And thou, Leonora ! thou — who wert ashamed 
That such as I could love— who blushed to 

To less than monarchs that thou couldst be 

Go ! tell thy brother that my heart, untamed 
By grtef, vrars. weariness — and \t may be 
A taint of that lie would impute to me— 
From long infection of a den like this. 
Where the mind rots congenial with theabvss, 
Adores thee still ; — and add— that when tbe> 

And battlements which guard his joyous hours 
Of banquet, dance, and revel, are forgot, 
Or left untended in a dnll repose, 

This — this shall be a consecrated spot ! 
and Be; 

But thou— when all that Birth and Beauty 

Stamp madness deep into my memory, 
£nd woo compassion to a blighted name, 
healing the sentence which my foes proclaim. 

Of magic round thee is extinct — shalt have 
One half the laurel which o'ershades my grave. 
No power in death can tear our names apart, 
As none in life could rend thee from my heart. 
Yes, Leonora 1 it shall be our fate 
To be entwined for ever— bat too late ! 




To tte Editor of U* MoMhlr 

TN your very valuable publication 
-*• we are informed that a glass bottle, 
empty, corked, and sealed at the end,* in 
order, to distinguish the ends, was fasten- 
ed to a sea-line, and let down into the 
sea to the depth of 100 fathoms ; on 
being cfrawn op, it was found to be filled 
with water, and the cork inverted, firmly 
fixed into the neck of the bottle ; and, 
being repeatedly done, the same effects 
were produced. A foot cube of sea- wa- 
ter (as I am informed,) weighs 1030 
ounces (avoirdupois). Now, suppose 
the throat of the bottle in width would 
square five-eighths one-sixteenth of an 
inch, the pressure of water on the cork 
would be 125 pounds at the above depth. 
I presume a cork cauoot be stuffed into 
a bottle so firm as to resist this weight ; 
I think the neck of the bottle will sooner 
burst ; but, however this may be, I am 
persuaded it was not. By this pressure, 
then, is the cork forced into the bottle, 
and it fills, and by t he same pressure is 
* SeeAtb:Yol.I.p.ftffl 

the cork fixed again in the bottle's throat ; 
for, let it be recollected, the water press- 
es in every direction alike ; and, as long 
as any could squeeze in, so long would 
the cork continue to rise towards its place; 
if there was room for only one particle to 
go abreast by the side, or through the 
cork, it would be sufficient to raise it. 
Now, with regard to the cork being in- 
verted, and that repeatedly, T think is 
easily accounted for, thus — sealing-wax 
is much heavier than water, and much 
more so than cork ; it is very natural 
then for the sealed end to preponderate. 
This is perfectly consistent with the laws 
of gravity : hence the lighter end leads 
the way into the throat of the bottle. 
April 1817. W. Bloorr. 

Prom La Belle AMMuMet. 

The exertions of Madame Lav alette to 
save her husband have been highly extol- 
led, yet not above their meed. The lady 
of an ancestor of a late Asiatic victor. 
Sir H. , encountered greater personal 

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vfei~*.] Varieties* CiWcal, 8>c. 29 

danger, and was not less successful in de- breathes the soul of fire which informed 
Hvering her husband from imminent peril, his athletic indefatigable frame. 

M. M , of N , was more » 

than suspected of treasonable correspon- toe barbehry-bush. 

dence with Prince Charles Edward, and r»m the G*fitiem»n'» Mi»*i«e. 

the poetical and musical John Boy Your correspondent R. C. in remark - 
Stewart, supported by a party of the ing, from experiment, that " neither 
Scotch Greys, apprehended him. Mr. spring-wheat, about thirty yards distant, 
Stewart was by birth a gentleman, but a nor Lammas, about fifty, was at all in- 
•ergeantcy of dragoons was no mean jured by this (supposed) noxious neigh- 
appointment for the son of a vassal in bour," has furnished a proof, in addition 
those days, when bon-fires were blazing to the many previously existing, of the 
through a very extensive district, because entire harmlessness of the Barberry-bush, 
the younger brother of a powerful chief in respect to its supposed power of mil- 
had obtained an Ensigncy in a regiment dewing wheat in proximity with it. I 
of foot When a young gentleman hope this gentleman will excuse my ex- 
determined to take his chance of a hal- pressing a wish that he had authenticated 
berd, he prevailed with two or three the above communication with bis real 
cousins, or friends, to share the adventure, name, since he would have been thereby, 
and these well-descended soldiers made to a greater degree, instrumental in root- 
a separate cast in their corps. Mr. Slew- ing out a nonsensical and groundless pie- 
art was politely entertained at N— — ; , judice, which has served to root up many 
and urged to stay all night, with offers a harmless Barberry-bush. I refer to the 
of every accommodation for the men Gentleman's Magazine for November, 
under his command ; but fearing a rescue 1815, for some observations on this sub- 
might be attempted he declined the in- ject,resultingfrom many years' experience, 
▼nation, which he said would detain him May 14, 1817. John Laurence. 
beyond the time specified in his orders. ~ 

The lady was in hourly expectation of pictures on painted glass. 

confinement, yet would not be dissuaded Richness and clearness of colour are 
from attending her husband, wherever among the chief sources of pleasure de- 
bt* destiny might doom him to prison, rived from visible objects. But this co- 
She beseeched Mr. Stewart to allow Mr. lour never of itself raises that pleasure so 

M to take her behind him on a powerfully as when it is transparent from 

pillion. Mr. Stewart could not deny a light passing through it. Thus the sun 
request so touching. The prisoner rode as he rises and sets in a serene summer, 
slowly on account of his lady's situation, sometimes shines through the steady 
They came to a lone moor, and about its clouds with a Iucidness, variety and pow- 

ceotre Mrs. M cried out to Mr. er, that put to shame every other display 

Stewart to dispatch his men different of colour whatever : 
ways, to call some of her own sex to " The clouds in thousand nVries ditfit, 
assist her. She pointed out the direc- u *°™ in flaraetand amber light." 
tions nearest to dwelling-houses. The So in Painting on Glass, the richness and 
men received permission, and rode off. clearness of the tints immensely surpass 
Only Mr. "Stewart remained ; Mrs. all others, owing mainly to the light shi- 

M after a little time, begged his ning through the glass. The very shad- 

belp to alight, and in that act clasped ows themselves have considerable trans- 
bim so closely round the neck, as to give parency, and appear with a peculiar 
her husband time to escape, by spurring and lustrous charm, by the advance of 
bis horse to the utmost speed. Mr. strong light into and its existence in the 
Stewart dared not rejoin his regiment very domain of its natural enemy, shade. 
He hastened to the rebel army, and died yet without diminishing that requisite 
a colonel in the French service. John shade. In this, and in the excess of 
Roy Stewart's Strathspey is probably brightness in the lights, especially in the 
well known to our fair readers. We warm tints, the imagination revels in vi- 
have presented them with a specimen of sual enjoyment. It feels a mental exci- 
his poetry. Though unpolished, it tatiou, at once romantic and keen, from 

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Varictia : Critical, tfc. 


the novelty and intensity of tbe scene— 
a species of poetical temperament and 
cast of thought — Examiner, July 1817. 

rwttt fiy i i i>M 


This valuable commodity has been 
much abused and despised, owing chief- 
ly, I presume, to its having been gener- 
ally pushed forward as a substitute ; 
whereas, had it been suffered to stand 
forth upon its own merits, it would have 
made its way as a most welcome auxilia- 
ry in some of the most trying situations 
of life. Three strong, but simple claims, 
it has to public regard. First, the wood 
burned, powdered, and very finely sifted, 
furnishes a very excellent powder for the 
teeth, harmless in its immediate use, and 
salutary in its effect for cleansing, 'sweet- 
ening, and preserving them from decay ; 
secondly, a strong decoction of tbe chips 
of quassia is a certain preventive and 
cure for chilblains (about one pound of 
chips, value Od. to two gallons of water 
is sufficient) ; and, thirdly, half a wine 

Sass of water in which cassia has been 
;>iled, or long infused, taken in the mor- 
ning fasting, is exceedingly conducive to 
the renovation of health, spirits, and ap- 
petite. Should you consider these plain, 
, important, and un expensive receipts wor- 
thy to be circulated through tbe medium 
of your valuable channel of communica- 
tion, I will take the liberty to convey to 
you the result of my experiments, in cases 
of a similar nature. (Economicus*. 


Hie fixing of evergreens, laurels^mis- 
tietoe, Sfc in houses at Christmas, and 
practice of saluting females under the lat- 
ter. — Tradition says that the first christian 
church in Britain was built of boughs ; 
and that the disciples adopted the plan as 
more likely to attract the notice of the peo- 
ple, because the monks built their temples 
in that manner, probably in imitation of 
the temples of Saturn, which were always 
nnder the oak. Tbe great feast of Saturn 
was held in December ; and as the oaks 
were than without leaves, the people 
brought bows and sprigs of evergreens — 

S christians, on tbe 25th of the same 
tb, did the like, from whence origi- 
Irie present custom.— New Mon.SL 



There are two extraordinary instances 
of predictions being fulfilled, where no 
supernatural means can possibly be sop* 

The first is mentioned by the learned 
Bishop of Worcester, in tbe Preface 
to bis Sermons on Prophecy. It is part 
of a chorus in the Medea of Seneca : — 
grcula, mis, oaibof Ooeaooi 
V taenia rcruni lazet et interns 
Patent toUot, Tipaytqne aovoa 
Deteget orbct. 

This is obviously fulfilled by the in- 
vention of tbe compass, and tbe discovery 
of America. 

Tbe other is in the first book of Dante'* 


J' ml vekiaaaa' Jestre, e pari meat* 
AlCaltro pole, e vidi qontro ttelle 
Non viste nai, fner cr alia prima gente. 

Now this is an exact description of 

the appearance of tbe four stars near tbe 

south pole ; and yet Dante is known to 

have written before tbe discovery of tbe 

southern hemisphere. — Euro. Mag. 

Lord Chesterfield, who died in 1773, 
foretold that the French Monarchy 
would not last to tbe end of the century : 
Nostradamus, foretold (very clumsily, in 
our opinion) the disastrous death of 
Henry II. Regioinontanus foretold the) 
capture of Paris, by the Duke of Guise ; 
and now follow more recent foretelling ; 

4 There was a lady prophetess atParia, 
Madame Normand, with whom Buona* 
parte was often closeted, lor the purpose 
of explaining tbe Emperor's dreams ; one 
in particular, which he bad dreamt re- 
peatedly, and which was past his finding 
out. It was the dream -of the throe 
phials ; one full of a colourless, another 
of a red liquor, & tbe third with nothing 
in it Madame Normand said, as soon 
as she heard it, " I know what it meant ; 
but dare not tell it :" " But I command 
yon," said the Emperor, " on pain of 
displeasure, td explain it" " Then, if I 
must," she said, " tbe red is the blood 
of your subjects, tbe white the tears of 
their relatives, and the empty phial your 
downfall." Napoleon would have 
mounted into a furious passion with any 
one else ; but as be bad promised for- 
giveness he bridled his rage, and, as be 
respected the prophetess, he dismissed 

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her, muttering to himself, Sije tombe,je 
me rdevcraL The fall and the recovery 
both took place, and, as we know, are 
come to pass ; for by the royal amnesty, 
the servants of Napoleon are the servants 
of Louts XVI 1 1., which no "Bourbon 
coald have believed.' 

The last prediction of the Parisian 
sooth-sayers was not so fortunate. Early 
in July, 1816, it was rumoured that the 
son would be extinct on the 18th ; and 
oo the 15th the placards began to appear 
in the wax-chandlers* shops of the Palais 
Royal : ' As the sun will be eteint on the 
18th, U foot faire une provision de. 
bougies* — Panor. 

Fromtbe PuonM. 

The following is given as the most au- 
thentic account of the caoses which led 
to the failure of the British Embassy, 
under the conduct of Lord Amherst. 
For farther particulars we must wait till 
the whole history appears officiary. 
Similar circumstances are not new to the 
Chinese Court ; a Russian Embassy, 
seat over (and, some years ago was stop- 
ped on the same account ; and after sev- 
eral fruitless attempts, gave up the inten- 
tion of seeing the Chinese Sovereign, 
and returned home. The barmopy of 
the two countries continued uninterrupted. 

It appears that discussions, negocia- 
tioos, and threats, were used at Tong 
Chew, in order to procure the perform- 
ance of the ceremonies. The point 
teemed to be given up by the Chinese, 
and Lord A. proceeded to Yuen Mia 
Yuen, the Imperial gardens near Pe 
King ; and after travelling all night, to 
his great surprise when he alighted from 
his carriage, at six o'clock in the morning, 
he found himself in the Imperial Court* 
surrounded by the princes, and principal 
officers of state. An attempt was made 
to usher him unshaved, unwashed, and 
without his credentials* into the Empe- 
ror's presence. Something like force,, 
though not actual force, was used. At, 
this time he had thrown himself, over- 
come with fatjgue» into a chair in a small 
room which was allotted him out of the 
<*o«rd. Finding himself rudely seized 
by the arm, he sprang from his chair, and 
shook the person (the Duke as he is cal- 
Iflfj off; (I believe") lie put his hand on 

his sword, and declared in a loud tone 
of voice he would not stir. The noise 
of his voice disturbed some r of his suite, 
who being overcome with fatigue, had 
fallen asleep on a couch. They rallied 
about him, and Lord A. seeing Mr. 
Cook, his aid-de-catnp, about to draw 
his sword, he called to him, saying, 
" Mr. Cook, do not draw yet" The 
Duke then pacified him, and left him. 
He however returned very shortly, say- 
ing the Emperor had sent a gracious 
message, that they must now return to 
Tong Chew, and that he would see 
them another day. Consequently, they 
again set oat on their journey, after hav- 
iiig been a few hours only at Yuen Min 
Yuen. They passed through the sub- 
urbs of Pekin, but did not enter the city, 
and arrived at Tong Chew late at night 
(I believe) on the second day after they 
had- left it. Every thing now appeared 
settled ; and they expected in a few 
days to be admitted into the presence of 
the Emperor ; but just before the break 
of day, they were all disturbed out of 
their sleep, with an order to prepare in- 
stantly for their journey to Canton. No 
kind of solicitation was made by Lord 
A. to remain, though some of the embas- 
sy say, that the mandarins evidently 
wished it In a little time presents were 
brought from the Emperor, and others 
were taken in return by the Chinese, who 
were permitted to make their own selec- 
tion. They then set out on their jour- 
ney, and have been treated with every 
mark of attention ever since. The Em- 
peror has published a l#id of penitentia-. 
ry edict, complaining of having been de- 
ceived by his mandarins, &c. && ; and 
the Chinese that I have conversed with, 
evidently feel themselves disgraced. In 
short, it is the general opinion ja the 
faotosj^ that the spirited manner in which 
Lord ^\. conducted himself will be pro- 
ductive of as much, if not more good, 
than had they been. .received j Q the hur- 
ried manner that seemed to be intended. 
I| has given the Chinese, and particular- 
ly the court, some insight into our spir- 
ited and independent character ; and 
they have seen, for the first lime, ?)n 
English ambassador acting with calm- 
ness and dignity, in a most trying situa 
tion, disputing the right of equality^' 
his own soveruigo, and despising 

g situa^-* 


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[vou. 2. 

menaces of an Emperor, who declares 
tiieru is bat one sun in the heaven*, and 
Que emperor on earth. 

Sir George Staunton will return home, 
with Lord Amherst, whose arrival is 
shortly expected. — Pan. Ju/y, 18174 


Petersburg^ April % 1817. — A 
wooden house has been built for the ele- 
phants with which the Emperor has been 
presented by the Shah of Persia : the 
male is seventeen feet high, and is the 
same upon which the Persian monarch 
used to ride under an awning. Some 
Persians have remained here to attend 
these animals. A very curious circum- 
stance occorred a few days since. A 
lady who often came to see the elephant, 
was accustomed to bring him bread, 
apples, &c. One day the animal, by 
way of shewing his gratitude, seized the 
lady with his trunk, and put her upon 
bis back, on the place where the driver, 
usally sits. The poor woman, terrified 
by this unexpected piece of gallantry, 
shrieked violently, and begged to be tak- 
en down ; but the Persians assured her 
that it was far more prudent to remain 
where she was. She was, therefore, 
obliged to wait till the elephant laid hold 
of her again, and set her down as gently 
as he had before lifted her up. — \Panor. 

From titc Geatkmsa** Magaxiie. 

Selections from the Works of Puller 

and South, $c. By the Rev. Arthur 

Broome. 1817. 

These " Selections" from the Works 
of Fuller and So&h are well calculated 
to instruct by sound precept, and con- 
vince by powerful argument — at the 
same time that they amuse and delight 
by continual sallies of humour and wit. 

•' Jesting. — Harmless mirth is the best 
cordial against the consumption jdf; the 
spirits ; wherefore, jesting is not uarawTitll,' 
if it trespasseth not in quantity, quafity, or 
season. — Jest not with the two-edged 
sword of God's word. WU nothing 
please thee to wash thy hands in, but the 
font? or to drink healths in, but the 
church chalice ? And know, the whole 
art is learnt at the first admission, and 
profane jests will come without calling. 
If in the troublesome days of King Ed- 
ward the Fourth, a citizen in Cheapside 
-was executed as a traitour, for saying he 

would make bis sonne heir to the crown, 
though he only meant his own house, 
having a crown for the signe; more 
dangerous it is, to wit- wanton it with 
the majesty of God. Wherefore, if 
without thine intention, and against thy 
will, by chance-medly thoubitest scrip- 
ture in ordinary discourse, yet fly to the 
city of refuge, and pray to God to forgive 
thee. — Scott* not at the naturall defects 
of any which are not in their power to 
mend. Oh, 'tja cruel tie to beat a crip- 
ple with his own crutches 1 — Neither 
scorn any for his profession if honest, 
though poor and painfull. — He that re* 
lates another man's wicked jest with de- 
light, adopts it for his own. — He that 
will lose his friend for a jest, deserves to 
die a beggar by the bargain. — We read 
that alt those who were born in England 
the year after the beginning of the great 
mortality in 1349, waqtad their foure 
cheek teeth. Such let thy jests be, that 
they may not grinde the credit of thy 
friend, and make not jests so long till 
thou becomeat one." — Fuller. 

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. 
Sir — As I was lately walking in a 
garden, I noticed some bees busily em- 
ployed upon the blossoms of some scarlet 
runner kidney beans ; I was suftyrised 
to find that, instead of burying them- 
selves within the blossom, as is their us- 
ual manner with other flowers, they 
alighted on the outside,and thrust their pro- 
boscis into an opening, which appeared to 
be formed by nature for that purpose, 
and which was found only in those flow- 
ers whose petals were fully expanded. 
I examined the blossoms of some dwarf 
beans, but could find none of them per- 
forated in a similar manner. As I have 
never met with a notice of this fact, T hone 
you will favour it with a place. Y. 


It is well known that the deeper we 
penetrate into the earth the greater is the 
warmth. At Frerberg, they pretend to 
have' calculated, that this increase of 
warmth amounts to one degree of the 
thermometer for 150 feet : from which 
it is inferred, that at the depth of 50 
German (235 English) miles, iron mupt 
melt, and the interior of the earth he a 
sea of liquid fire. 

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vol.*.} Memoir e/ AT. Talma. 93 


MEMOIR OF M. TALMA, THE FRENCH GAR RICK. ( Extr*0*d prindpcfy fim 
tody Mo*qju?$ '• France," *««»*»**&) 

fra* tbe Irf»toa Ltttnqr GaMttt. 

'■^ALMA, who is now ia bis fif- French critics hare been divided in 
•*» tkth year, was bora ia France, opinion concerning tbe merits of Talma, 
•ad remained mere till be attained bis who is the creator of a new style of dec- 
eighth year, when be was sent to receive lampion on the French stage. Some 
a pen of his education in England.. It have accused him of heaviness in bis 
is a reoMitable brcumsUoc* in this early delivery, a bolbwness of tone, and a 
part of his life, that be wee selected to voice which is almost always confined, 
perform a principal chaincfter ia a play, and which never developea itself except 
that was got up and performed before by sudden bursas. Others declare bim to 
their Royal Highnesses the Prinee Re- be a model of the beau ideal, and m 
gtot and Dukeof Ywik, by the propria- ajrtiat who has arrived at adegteeof per- 
tors of tbe academy whese he wa* placed; fection which none ever before attained, 
and that, the' be ace/iktad himself very and which none can in, future hope to 
well, be was so much agitated by his acquire. 

emotions in this bis first essay, as not to Impartial amateurs agree tbat no one 
recover from its effects for some time after equals Talma in uWhiu-acte* of * tyrant 
the performance was over. He returned or a ojmspisator, such es Nero, Melius. 
to France in his fifteenth year to finish Ac* ; but in those which require spirit* 
bis education, remained at college a few nobleness, and dignity, like Tancrcd* 
years, and revisited England in 1733. Qrosmanes, Achillea, &c. they prefer 
It was at this period tbat he first felt an La Fond, who at this moment shares 
inclination for tbat profession* of which with him the tragic sceptre of the Theatre 
ae was dinned to buconie so dbue^uish- Fnmfstt. 

ed aa ornament On seeing Mr.K*mbla The French almost despair of finding 
seders. Siddons in tragedy, be return- bis equal — his superior they think impos- 
ed** France in 1786, and began to ap* sibfe. It was not to be expected that 
ply himself to surgery as hie future pro- such a man as Talma, considering the 
"on; but his piedominant passion still times in which be UveeV&nM nave avoid- 
ing; bim to the stags, M. Mole, a edtbe imputation of pacty principles. He 
brated comic actor with whom be accordingly has been put opjwn as of the 
became acquainted, took him under bis revolutionary party ; out this is an error, 
earn, and, from the luga opinion he en- ar rather a calumnyjpf bis enemies, for 
tertaiaed of his talents, introduced him to be was, during tbe whole course of the 
the committee of the Theatre ftamco**, moderate party, and, whatever his ene- 
by whom he was engaged : in 17S7 be mies may say to the contrary, he never 
made his first appearance in the cbaraoter made himself conspicuous. His com- 
of Said in Voltaire's MahomrL He was manu*ing talents— -his general acquire- 
then about 90. ments— and, above all, the excellence of 
Tbe dcbtit of Takna excited noeotbu- his private character, so distinguished for 
sksm. The part of Charles IX* in the liberality and hospitality, cannot fail to 
tragedy of tbat name, by Chenier, was ensues bim a favourable reception in this 
the only one which afforded bim aa country. He speaks English fluently, 
opportunity of cttauaenctngaad.eatablisb- but does not intend to perform any char- 
ing bis reputation. Among other thjngs, ecter in an English play* nor indeed is it 
k was observed that be devoted such certain that he will in a French one,as he 
annate attention to his costume and came here merely for his amusement, 
head-dress, and gave so peculiar an ex- The celebrated critic Geoffrey, per- 
presskm to bis features, that he presented haps a little too much imbued with the 
a striking resemblance to tbe portraits principles of the old school, frequently 
^rbieh ate preserved of that zaoaereJbu F Vot& Imnp*^ 

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34 Extracts from Lady Morgan's " France 11 — Ttrtma, the Tragedian, ^vol. 2, 

attacked the acting and declamation of childish solicitude and cariosity, I soon 
Talma in the Journal de$ Debate. • The perceived that I was cold, languid, and 
latter, who was intoxicated with the inanimate to the genuine French audience 
applauses lavished upon him* could not that surrounded me. The house was an 
endure the pointed censure* with which overflow at an early hour : (he orchestra, 
the old critic daily stung him. One cleared of all its instruments, was 6lled 
evening, whilst Geoffroy was at the to suffocation; and the parterre, as usual, 
Theolre Francois, accompanied by his crowded with men (chiefly from the 
wffe, and a lady and gentleman their public schools and lyc&es, whose criti- 
fnends, the door of his box suddenly ctsms not unfrequently decide the fate of 
opened while the performers were on the new pieces, and give weight to the repu- 
stage. A man appeared, and said in a tation of old ones,) exhibited hundreds 
loud voice, "Is' M. Geoffroy here?" of anxious (aces, marked countenances. 
Without waiting for a reply, he entered and figures and costumes which might 
the box, and seizing Geoffroy by the answer alike for the bands of brigandage, 
hand, " Come out, villain!' 9 continued or the classes of philosophy. Some were 
he.—" Heavens, 'tis M. Talma 1" -ex- reading over the tragedy; others were 
claimed Madame Geoffroy. The friend commenting particular passages; a low 
6f the critic then repelling the tragic murmur of agitation crept through the 
monarch, whose nails were already im- house like the rustling of leaves to a gen- 
printed in characters of blood upon the tie wind, until the rising of the curtain 
land of his censor, succeeded in forcing stilled every voice, composed every 
him out of the box and closing the door muscle, and riveted the very existence of 
upon him. The door was however, the audience (if I may use the expression) 
Opened a second time ; the siege of the upon the scene, 
box again commenced, but the occupants a The theatres of other countries 
had the advantage, and remained masters assemble spectators, but an audience is 
of the field of battle. Had such an only to be found in a French theatre, 
affair as this occurred in England, the Through the whole five acts attention 
actor would have been tried for an never nagged for a moment ; not an eye 
assault. In France, however, he was was averted, not an ear unattending ; 
dismissed with a slight reproof, which every one seemed to have the play by 
Savary, who was then minister of police, heart, aud every one attended, as if they 
delivered to him with a smile. On* the had never seen it before, 
following day Geoffroy gave a description M In the famous scene of Britannvau 
of this scene in the Journal des Debate, where Agrippina is left tfU-d-t&te with 
and was expert enough to turn the joke her son, to enter on her defence, Ma* 
'against his adversary. demoiselle • Georges, as the Roman em- 

Napoleon was exceedingly attached to press, went through a long speech of a 
Talma, and appointed him his reader. hundred and ten lines, with great clear- 
We are happy in being able on the boss, elegance of enunciation, and grace- 
present occasion to subjoin an extract fill calmness of action, 
from Lady Morgan's forth-coming *• During the first seventy lines of this 
work, further illustrative of the peculiar speech* Talma, as Nero, sat a patient 
talents of this distinguished actor. and tranquil auditor. No abrupt inter-* 

" Britannicus," says Lady Morgan, raptioo of haughty impatience, disdain- 
"so long the fashion, from the inimitable ing theeurb of a long-neglected authority, 
performance of Talma in Nero, awaken- was furnished by the genius of the author, 
ed my most anxious expectations; and or gave play to the talents of tbeadroirt- 
it was not without* emotion that I saw ble actor ; and the little by-play allowed 
myself, for the first time, in the great him, or rather that he allowed himself, 
national theatre of France, and in a box was not risked, tin til so wards the close of 
chosen and*promifed for the by M. Talma the speech: it was then, however, ex- 
Limself. Still, however great my ex pec- qiusite — it was nature. The constraint 
tation, however lively my impatience for of forced and half -given attention, the 
the rising of the curtain, which recalled fanguor of exhaustion, the restlessness of 
the long-blunted vivacity of feelings of tedium, and. the struggle between some 

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tou i] Talma the Tragedian.— lift o/ Wm. Hutton. 36 

little remains of filial deference and hab- esprit de systtme, which tlie French 
ituai respect, blended with the haughty have banished from every other art, and 
impatience of all dictation, were depicted, which keeps its last hold on their stage, 
not in strongsyroptoms and broad touches But he said, * If I attempt the least in* 
of grimace and action, but with a keep- novation ; if I frown a shade deeper to- 
ing, a tact, a fidelity to nature, iode- nighf than I frowned last night, in the 
scribablv fine. His transition of attitude ; same character, the parterre are sure to 
his playing with the embroidered scarf call me to order/ 
round his neck, and which made a part " The dignity an<J tragic powers of 
of his most classical costume,' his almost Talma, on the stage, are curiously but 
appearing to count its threads, in the charmingly contrasted with the simplicity, 
inanity of his profound ennui, were all playfulness, and gaiety of his most un- 
traits of the highest order of acting. In assuming, unpretending manners off the 
London, this acting would have pro- stage. I (who had neverseen Coriolamus 
duced a thunder of applause; in Paris in the drawing-room, but as I had seen 
it was coldly received, because it was Coriolanus in the Forum,) expected to 
innovation ; and many a black head ip meet this great tragedian in private life, 
the parterre was searching its classical in all the pomp and solemnity of his pro- 
recesses, for some example from some fession ; the cold address, the measured 
traditional authority, from Baron, or Le phrase ; in a word, I expected to meet 
Kain, of an emperor being restless on his the actor : but in the simple, unaffected 
chair, or of the incident of playing with manners of this celebrated person, I 
the handkerchief being at all conformable found only the well-bred and aecom- 
to the necessity " de repre'sentcr noble- plisbed geutleman. Talma had* in bis 
ment" in all kings, since the time of early life, been intimate with Buonaparte; 
Louis le Grand. and the ex-emperor, (who never forgot 

"Whether on the stage at the The*' the friends of the young engineer officer,) 
aire Francois, or in the Tbuitleries, accorded the petites-entrt-es of the place 
Talma is eminently superior to the school to the sovereign of the Theatre Francai*. 
whose rules he is obliged to obey. His Talma saw him constantly ; not, how- 
great genius always appeared to me to ever, to give him Itssons (ati invention 
be struggling against the methodical ob- at which Buonaparte and Talma both 
stacles presented to its exertions. He is laughed ;) but to discuss his favourite 
the Gulliver of the French stage tied topic, tragedy, of which he was passion- 
down by Lilliputian threads. Before ately fond. On this subject, however, 
talents like his can exert their full force, the actor frequently differed with the 
and take their utmost scope, anew emperor; while theempcroraS frequently 
order of drama must succeed to the dictated to the actor, greeting him with, 
declamatory and rhyming school which * Eh bien ! Talma, vous riavez pas use 
now occupies the French stage. Talma de vos mot/ens hier au soir. 9 Napoleon 
is a passionate admirer of the English always disputed the merits of comedy, 
drama, and of Shakspeare. He speaks and observed to a gentleman, from whom 
English fluently, and told me that he had I had the anecdote* * St vous priferez 
a great desire to play in onepfShak- la comMie^e^stparceqnevousvieillisstz.* 
speaxe's tragedies. He did not com- — * Et vous, Sire* replied Monsieur — 
plain, but he hinted at the restraint under * vous aimer hi tragedie, parceque vous 
which his talents laboured, from that Hes trop jeuric' •* 


[ ft has been observed by same writers of erai- convincing Ulattration of this remark nor, a 

uence, that if rvrnr person would fairly pot better example to be adopted, it to be found 

down all his daily occurrences, and the than in the present very tnttroctive and en- 

aiovcmeitts of hit mind, w itboot any attempt tertaing volume, the actor of w hich wa§ tae 

to vtbimv If off as superior to other people, creator of bis own fortune. As a model of 

be would reu icran acceptable service to the biographical composition in the form of a 

world. We are quite certain that uo more j o praal, it is not exceeded even by the de 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

36 ItftrfWUHmfhUm. [voi- «. 

wirih ealehntae aeanir ef Pert— to diweetea m (ertmort io their quarrel 
RuMfa, wage <fa™*?i» ST? Igg* withCbarlea the Fir*, but they only 
S^wrES^SSatfSS «~*t . reform of abu^ lU, 
werebredtpnechaniealeBptojmeots, with- however, were «oon earned beyond lo«r 

PSn&^rf&££3& * They who brought him into trouble, 
dependence, »if not aflaence, ia the mott j^ to („.„„. fo m ^t They were 

numaaUfe. Mr.H^w began ]» be m Charie« the Secood, upoaUie throne, who 

KwE^ f2ngvriou» insults from the bouse of 

year.] 2V<» *•"• *«*. Stuart, the dissenters were materially in- 

»«+ MM «• «««<«■»» t« iffi swnmeiital in promoting the revolution, 
*h* won. op Biunmmaif i» ITil. ^ thk depended the iutroductio* 

BIRMINGHAM, tho 9 nearly with- ^fa Hanoverian line, which, to a man, 
out a government, had continued in fa# favoured* In a thousand mobs, in 
"harmony during the forty years of my 1714, to oppose the new government, 
residence. Religions and political dis- ootiUhave oeen found no more presby- 
putes were expiring, when, like a smoth- terians than in the Birmingham jury who 
ered fire, they burst forth with amazing ^^ fa rioter* Nor was there one 
Airy. I have, in the history of this presbyterian in the rebellion the fbllow- 
blace, celebrated the mild and peaceable JL ^ B%f% nor in that of 1745. In both 
demeanour of ihe inhabitants, their indua- periods they armed in favour of the house 
try and hospitality ; but I am extremely D f Brunswick. Their loyalty has con- 
concerned that I am obliged to soil the tinned unshaken to the present day, with- 
fair page with the black cinders of their ^ their ever having been disturbers of 
"burnt buildings. A stranger would be 1 j^ r country. They concluded, there- 
tempted to inquire, whether a few Bon- fore mat rhey bad a right to the privileges 
tiers were not risen from the dead to es- 9 f other subjects. They meant no more, 
tablish religion bythe faggot ? or, whetb- Those who charge them with designs 
er the church was composed of the dregs either against church or slate/ do not 
of the universe, formed into a crusade t know them. No accusation ought 10 be 
or, whether the friends of the king were admitted without proof. Can that peo- 
the destroyers of men ? In the dark ages ^ be charged with republicanism, who 
papist went against protestant, but in this have, in the course of one huudred and 
enlightened one it is protestant against thirty-two years, placed five sovereign* 
protestant But why should 1 degrade OQ t be British throne ? As I was a 
the word religion T He who either number of that committee, I was well 
prompts or acts such horrid scenes, can acquainted with the proceedings, and 
nave no religion of his own. w j|l repeat two expressions uttered at the 

The delightful harmony of mis popu- board. Mr. William Hunt remarked, 
Ious place seems to have been disturbed "That he should be as strenuous in 
by nv« occurrences. supporting tbe church of England as kts 

A public librery having been instituted own." The whole company, about 
upon an extensive pkn* some of the JLweuty in number, acquiesced in the sen- 
mmbers attempted to vote in Dr. Priest- timent. This gentleman verifies his us- 
ley's polemical works, io which the section, by subscribing to moretlian one 
clergy were averse. This produced two church. I myself remarked, "That what 
parties, ai*Hte natural conseqnence, wri- we-reqoested was our right, as-well as that 
mosity in both. Whether the gentle- of every subject ; we ought to recover it ; 
men of the black gown acted with policy but, rarhenhan involve our^ country in 
is doubtful, for truth never suffers by in- dispute, we would resign it. 1 his also 
*estigatkm. was echoed by the Whole body. These 

Tbenstf wesanattempt (o procure wese all the presbyterian plots either 
a rmatoffe Tt* Jtovin Which the dis- agaitwt church or king 1 ever knew. 

r - • • - ..•-... m\^^:* — — *u-4 presbyterian* «re 

1 as any set d 

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* repeals me Te*t jftfrin Which tnedis- agaitwt cnurcn or autg • ™» 
tenters torfk an active bnt a mbdest part. Hence it appears that presbyterian* are 
tver well-wisliew to their country, the as true friends to both as any set of men 

vou %] Life of Wm«m Hutton. 37 

whatever, exeert those who foM church Though a man ie jutttted In doing what 

lands or court favours. is right, it may not always be prudent. 

Controversy was a third cause. Some We may rejoice with any society of 
uncharitable expressions falling from the men who were bound and are *et free ; 
episcopal pulpits, involved Dr. Priestley but the French revolution is more their? 
in a dispose with the clergy. When concern than ours. I do not approve ei| 
acrimony is used by two aides, the weak* its maxims, neither do I thiuk it firmly 
est is only blameable. To dispute with ixed. One of its measures however, I 
the doctor was deemed the road to pre* admire, thai of establishing itself without 
ferment He had already made two* the axe aud the halter, a practice scarcely 
bisbope, and there were still several heads known in Devolution*. Should * prince 
. which wanted mitres, and others who and his people differ, the chief passion it 
cast a more humble eye upon tithes and would excite in me, would be a desire 
glebe lands. The doctor, on his part, to make peace between them. To our 
used some warm expressions, which bis everlasting dishonour, more mischief was 
friends wished had been omitted. These done in the Birmingham riots, than in 
were placed in horrid lights ; and here overturning the whole French govern- 
again the stronger, side ever Deserves to ment Altfro' the public are in possession 
itself the privilege of putting what con- of the toad $ drank at the hotel, I sbal 
struction it pleases upon the words of die subjoin tmtsa. The company oat of te- 
weaker. However, if the peace of so- spect to monarchy, bad procured from m 
ciety is broken, we cannot but regret & ingenioua artist three figures, which were 
whatever be the cause. placed upon the table. One, a fine me* 

The fourth occurrence was an inflam- dallion of the king, encircled with glory : 

matory band-Mil, which operated upon on his right, an emblematical figure, re* 

the mind like a pestiJence upon the body, presenting British Liberty : on the left 

Wherever it touched k poisoned. No- another, representing Gallic Slavery 

thing could be more unjust then charging breaking its chains. These innocent and 

this bill upOn the dissenters ; and, in loval devices were ruinous ; for a spy, 

consequence, dooming them to destruc- whom / tr*# Ar»ou>, was sent into the 

rioau It appears from its very contents room, and assured the people without, 

that it could not proceed from a body. If " That the revolutionists had cut off tlte 

it mas fabricated by a diasenter, is it right king's head, and placed it on the table." 

te p*oi*h the whole body with' fire and Tuas e men, with a keen belief, like one 

plunder ? * This is jrisiting the sjns of with a keen appetite, is able to swnllpw 

eae anno upon another. Ae established the grossest absurdities. % 

maxim is, a man shall onlv be accountable 1. The Kras; andfJonstitmHnn. 

for his own. It might be written by an * The l^nal Assembly^ Patriot of 

• r r . * r . {. Fiance, whose virtue and wisdom barefwsed 

locendiary of another profession, to kin- 26 millions from the meanest condi!w*.vMrMM>- % 

die a flame. Perhaps the unthinking tism to the dignity and happiness of freemen.* 

feU »,»» the <*«** beoHBe they * Jftg£B££*tth*~**+ 
were vexed they* could not find theau- dered perfect and perpetual. 
Umr. 1 have been aempted to question * May Great] Britefa, ¥m nee, #ad Ireland, 
i.L„k- l- S .l ^ i_ eaite in iH*pctaal friendship * ajw njn# their 

whether be meant airy more than a squib «^ rrfaWp be, fee r^ieeaiea afraid 
to attract public attention ; but it proved liberty, wisdom aad virtne. 

, rtefflh Was a public dmner at the sertand defend them, 
hotel, to commemorate the anniversary ?• Tb* iT9 * trhend% of the CoesiMtiov oTtMs 
oflhe French revolution. This* nhatruct- £3^$^ prc*me * »W» 1f 
ndly considered, was an inoffensive meet- 8. MiryJhe »*W>te *& £ada«d never cease 

ing. It only became an error by beine *° """P**}' <™ tovmmmVlx&9>*** 

;il,- » J ^ . , .. J b tree national representation. 

llRimed. Aa the inmds of men were 9. The PrtnVe or Wale*. 

ruffled, it ouiht 10 have been omitted. 10. The United States of America; «nay 

-» ■ ° ■ they for cj er enjoy ttie liberty which <^ey * 

* It appe a red afterwards that it was fabri- honourably acquired. 

cated ia tsadon, brought to BiraiHuraam, and 1 1. May the rreohrtimrm TeJaiii pasvt «he 

•hat a few copies were privately scattered an^ harbinger o/a more perfect syptee^.ttbetty 

mw me tabic at «a ina. extending to (hat great * ip^dom. 

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1& May the nations of Europe become so 
enlightened as never more to be dels ded into 
savage wars by the ambition of their rata*. 

15. May the sword never be naabeatbed bat 
for the defence and liberty of oar country t 
and then, may every one cast away the scab* 
bard till the people are safe and free. 

14 Ta the glorious memory of Hampden, 
Sidney, and other heroes of all aecs and na- 
tions, who have fought and bled tor liberty. 

15. To the memory of Dr. Price, and all 
those illastrioas sages who have enlightened 
mankind in the true principles of civil society. 

16. Peace and good-will to all mankind. 

17. Prosperity to the town of Birmwgham. 

18. A happy meeting to tWfrkadi of Hbeiv 
ty on the 14th of July7i792. 

Tile turn total of the above toasts 
amounts to this — a solicitude for the per-> 
feet freedom of man, arising from a love 
to the species. If I were required to 
explain the words freedom and liberty \n 
their full extent, I should answer in these 
simple words, tkat took individual think 
and ad as he please? provided no other is 

GoiKlaStd is ow Mxt 



Viom dw Momkly MagtsUc. 


Swbbt is the breath of the dew-fprink- 
_ led thorn. 

And bright b the gleam of the clear vernal 
sky i 
Bat richer*! the si eh that from feeling is d rawn, 
And parerthe glance of the soul-kindled eye. 

When deepens the gloom of the tempest around. 
How cheering each tun-beam that glimmers 
on high. 
When loudest the shrieks of wild terror re- 
How tweet is the voice that breathes, suc- 
cour is nigh. 

More bright than the sun-beam that shoots 
through the storm, 
More sweet loan the voice that bids lost hope 
• retain; 

The glance of affection our griefs con disarm, 
And friendship to blisses our sorrows can 
Thus anng the young minstrel, while eve's 
breezes blew, 
And millions of stars slow emerg'd from the 
For beauty he sang, and the love-meed he 
A sigh from her bosom, a tear from her eye. 
Safe 1817. 


[The following is an imitation of a copy of 
verses, which was presented to the Em- 
press Josephine, when she was Madame 
Beaubarnois, by an American poet.] 

DESTINED with restless foot to roam, 
Old Time, a venerable sage, 
Reaches a river's brink, and " come," 

He cries, " have pity on my age. 
What! on these banks forgotten I, 

Who mark each moment with my glass ! 
Hear, damsels, hear my suppliant cry, * 

And courteously help Time to pass." 
Disporting on the farther shore, 

All many a gentle nymph look'd on ; 
And fain to speed his passage o'er. 

Bade Love, their boatman, fetch the crone : 
Bat one, of all the group most staid, 

Still waro'd her vent'rous mates — " Alas, 
How oft has shipwreck whelm' d the maid 

Whose pity would help Time to pas* ; * 

Lightly his boat across the stream 
Love guides, his hoary freight receives, 

And, flattering mid the sunny gleam, 
His caavass to the breezes give : 

And plying light his little oars — . 
In treble now, and now In bass, 

" See, girls," tb' earaptarM urchin roan, 
44 How gaily Love makes Time to pass ! 

But soon— 'tis Love's proverbial crime- 
Exhausted, be bis Oars let fall ; 

And ouidrthose oars are snatch' d by Time, 
And heard ye not the rallier's call ? 

** What tired so soon of thy sweet toil, 
Poor child, thou sleepest ! I, alas ! 

Ip graver strain repeat the while 
My song — 'tis' Time makes Love to pass . 
July 1817. 

tnm tte OemttwnM* SfepxlM. 

Mr. Uuuah, F*. 1, iW 

I DOUBT not, from the favourable i*nsatHmj 
with which I have perused the followmi 
Ode, writen by one of ray friends, that it w»H 
prove acceptable to the Readers of yoarei? 
cellent Miscellany. It is thocojnpositionaf 
a young man, whose age may in a degree 
apologise for some inaccuracy of 1*"®"°" 
ance, which the severe Impartiality of crinV 
cisra might otherwise condemn as unpar- 
donable. Yours, «fc. N. GaAiHGsa. 


Nee me memimut pigtbU, Elm A I 

iEneid. 1. v. 

LET Fancy weave in lofty song 
The charm of Hope's illusive toogoe, 
Invite the youthful bean to stray- 
In dreams which lure but to betray ; 
To climes unknown celestial gn"* 8 ?* 1 ** ,., 
Th» Elysian vale, and tower-ennmeird flew? 
Hear vernal warblers siiuj in ev ry grove, 
In ev T ry eye behold the light of love. 
Should folly prompt those scenes to beafl, 
Kv'n now the fairy guide is tied : . 
. Lo I nought salutes too aching eye, 
lint beetling crags, a sunless sky, 
Vale* where the midnight tyger prowls, 
And hills where endle* winterscpwls. 
Rvren ! the** boons are tbine, and this thy sway, 
1-iaujht with remorse's pang in pleasure* 
%.w iit decay. 
But hail ! thon source of pensive joy, 
Which future ills can ne'er alloy; 
Sister of her whose mask arrays 
Lite's dfctact woes in gloty s blaze 

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VOL. 2.}. 



Memory! beneath thy alWeviving hand* 
Dear, long-lout joys in vivid lustre stand. 
Parent ofthougbt, and nurse of evhy grace 
That Genius colh from Nature's varied face, 
To thee the plastic powers belong 
Of wisdom's voice and Poet's song ;. * 
For thee thc-trophied warrior bleeds, 
To thee confides his flaunting deeds ; 
For thee the fiard lifts high the lay, 
And sighs from thee to grasp his bay, 
Without whose genial aid, the task how vain t 
For what would then reward the sword, or 

beav'nly strain ? 
■ Tet fairer, softer sweets be thine, 
Than woo th' aspiring soul to shine ; 
Far other wreaths thy brow adorn, 
Than Autumn's fruits oo April's morn. 
When age's wintry eve is clotn'd in gloom, 
*Tls thine to wake the flowret into bloom ; 
la hearts no ray of future hope can warm, 
To breathe ev'n there a momentary charm. 


See, at thy beck, that sunny smile 
"* : moody lip by fits beguile ; 

ere plays 
A beam that shone in childhood's days. 

See, o'er the furrow'd cheek there ] 

Vow Fancy paints in spotless vest 
Those faultless hours of peace and rest, 
With rapture dwells on Wry fading hue, 
And signs to ev*ry parted joy a long adieu. 
The cynic heart, who loves to dwell 
In shady grot, or cloistered cell, 
At evening's close, and life's decline, 
Poors grateful incense o'er thy thrine. 
flas mad Ambition spur*d his soul to fame ? 
Has lawless Love consign'd his days to shame ? 
Has misery taught his vagrant feet to roam, 
And find a sabbath in the lion's home ? 
Enchantress! wave thy magic wand : 
A thousand forms around him stand : 
Lo ! there the gorgeous domes ascend ; 
Here deck'd in smiles bis bosom's friend, 
And she, when love and life were new, 
Who jave time's sky its purest blue, 
Bevive in thought the pleasures of the past, 
Scarce whisp'nng in his ear such bliss too fair 
to last. 
Rise, HeJoise, from thy downy sleep, 
But rise not now to think and weep. 
Declare how o'er thy rap tor'd soul 
The lovely visions wont to roll ; 
How oft amid the convent's lonely aisle, 
Taoa sasr'st reveal'd Idalian beauties smile ; 
How oft, as toll'd the curfew's fitful knell, 
Thy Abelard bat sigh'd bis last farewell. . 
IIMated Maid ! 'twas thine to feel 
From Memory's hand, remorse's steel. 
Did thoughts of past delight employ 
Thy heart in dreams of faithless joy, 
Repentance hurried in the rear, 
To claim a tributary tear ; 
O'er each fond theme thy fancy lov'd to trace, 
Dark lour*d the cloud of guilt, and frown'd on 
ev'ry grace. 
Hark ! on the pinions of the gale c 
Is heard the Maniac's frenzied.wail ; 
At reason flits her fev'rish brain, 
She turns to youthful joys again % 
Views in the cheerless sorrows of her lot, 
Gay, lucid scenes by rea5<on's staves fofgot, 
And bails the form odor'd, as if was seen 
In storms, the rosy mom that once has bean. 
Oh ! she can tell, howe'er deprest, 
llnualeasnret past still proffer aestj *. 
Caa still th' harmonious concord own, 
Though reason's string has lost its tone 4 
Gay Fanny hers, that spurns controul, 
And Lore, the miu rtrel of the soul I 

Then, Memory, hail 1 by whosecrearive power, 
Is nerv'd the Patriot's arm, and sooth'd Afflic- 
tion's hour. 
When Cynthia mounts her sllv*ry car, 
And Venus lights the Western star 1 
When Fnncy soars to higher spheres, 
Then welcome Memory's balmy tears ! 
When the pale moonbeam gilds the silent sea, 
Then, Laura, then my spirit flies to thee: 
With thee I seem o'er wonted haunts to rove, 
Or list unseen to tales of hapless love. 
When Evening comes in vermil dye, 
To tinge with mellow band the sky, 
With thee I seek the looely wood, 
Where tyrant vigils ne'er intrude ; 
If then perchance I frame a lay 
To scare ideal griefs away, '• 
Should fond Affection praise the artless soar, 
How rolls the fervid tide with energy along ! 
Sun of rov life, whose matin beam 
Has,ceas T d to warm Its freezing stream, 
Be thine the mild, meridian ray. 
Which glads the frosty noon of May ; 
And when, at last, Death's gloomy midnight 

That beam shall cloudless rise to set no more, 
That hallow'd form, and passion-sneaking eye. 
Far lovelier glow in immortality $ 
Ye seraphs say, when thron'd above, 
( If oars that promJs'd bliss to prove) 
Shall Memory then the song inspire, 
And strike with holier haad the lyre ; 
In Angels' ears those joys ponrtray, 
Which spirit breathe to lifeless clay j 
And reason, freed from Nature's servile rein. 
Combine these dreamy hours of pleasure and 
of pain. p. J. 

Vton U BtO» AsMttUifw 


BY Mitt Bf . L. BEOB. 

THE gloom of twilight lightly spread 
Her sombre hue o>r Edward's bed ; 
All nature hush'd in silence lay, 
And Cynthia lent her faintest ray : 
No wind disturbM the winding wave 
That wash'd the willow at his grave ; 
Congenial sadness bseath'd around 
When Emma's footsteps press'd the ground. 
So fair her form, so slow her pace, 
She moved a beauteous weeping grace ; — 
Around the urn berarms she twin'd, 
Upon the urn her head reclin'd.— 
Now rising Luna brightly stray'd, 
On EmtMVs cheek the clear beam play'd, 
And sbow'd in sorrow's softest grace, 
The angel beauty of her face : 
For though from thence the rose had fled 
That tinted once her cheek with red, 
Yet in its place now lingered there 
A hue so exquisitely fair, 
That Beauty might the rose forego, 
And emulate the softer glow. 
The dews of night had balh'd her form, 
When slowly breath'd awakeniog iloiii ; 
The silent shades of night had fled 
Unconscious oVr the mourner's head ; 
But orienjtoorn's refulgent beam 
A wok'd Wn from her sorrowing dream. 

u Ah me !" the beauteous mourner cri<»s 
*' The blush of morning tints theskie», 
** Reviving Nature joys to hail 
" The hour that draw, night's dnsky ?e*|. 
" But ah ! this hour so gay, so bright, 
" Is hateful to my weary sight; 

ized by 




[vou 2- 

44 ft fckt* ute quit this stleot am, 

** Where ft wodM cur haag and moara— , 

44 Would ever shed grief's vital tear, 

" For ob ! my soul lies buried here ! 

«• .CoW uro ! aat colder than my breast, 

44 Beneath thee does my Edward re*t ! 

44 Diai is thai eye where genius beam' d, 

44 Whence feeliVi!n*e.and splendor stfeant'd! 

44 Will ever pleasure's blash renew 

44 Qo this cUiU'd cheek a happier hae ? 

14 Will e'er again (he aom appear. 

44 When I shall ssaile thro' rmpt«re*t tear ? 

44 No ! never more shall Emma kaow 

44 Gay pleasure's smile, or rapture's glow. 

44 The blast of Death destroy'd the torch 

44 Of Lore ai sacred Hymen's porch-— 

44 The morn that made me Edward's bride, 

44 He press'd my aaad, he dropp'd aad died ! 

44 When shall this head forget his sigh r 

44 The last food look that lit his eye ? 

44 What did they to his Emma tell? 

44 My Edward's silent— Fare thee well f 

44 Come Death, dread author of my woe, 

44 Bring to my breast thy swiftest blow : 

41 Bid this Wild torturing throbbing cease, 

44 And close these streaming eyes in peace." 

The awful monarch of the grave, 

Darted forth from his ebon care ; 

His fleshlem arm impelled the dart 

That sought the sinking sufferer's heart 

To Edward's urn mare close she clang, 

To life's last moment o'er it hung* 

Then sinking 'aeath it, senseless prest 

The turf that covert Edward's breast. 

Ma. Urbaw, June 14, 1817. 

Wheo yoa me informed that the following lines 
are the prodactioa of a youth ooly 15 years of 
age,— and taut youth the son-in-law of her 
whose lots he deplores,-thet wHl prove alike 
creditable to bath their hearts ; to Aer'e, 
whose maternal fondness UuoircJ such lively 
regard ; and to mVwhicb uniformly rVltmr 
her the dutiful affection of a son. L. B. 

On ike Booth of an tceUamt JfeOer. 

TEACH me to moorn t Uranial sacred maid, 
A dear lov'd Mother's death, in solemn 
So will I sigh a requiem to her shade,^ 

So will I tltow affection still remains. 
8o, pure departed Spirit! wiU 1 slag [heart : 
A dirge that flows spontaneous from the 
For, oh fwhai solace does to sorrow spring,* 4 - 
What Joy in grief does Pofcry impart I 

Then* O my soul 1 rebrestthe rising skbi 

For, sure shall I behold her face to race, 
In God's own Paradise i— no more to die, 

My Frieaa— my Mother there agaie em- 
Be thou my guide, Reunion ! heavenly 
■ power! 

Who 'gainst Death's terrors fortified Aermiad, 
Succour me too, in Sorrow*? trying hour. 

And ever bless me with thine influence kind ! 

WriUm at the Vault that contoUu Aer Jletxx* 
late in the Evening, previously foretarusaf 
earlw the next Mornimgto School. 
FAREWELL! Oh be my parting tribute 
Of duteous tears, my Mother! o'er thy tomb t 
Oh. let them *aothetay conscious gee tie Shade, 
While gathers now arvuad me Evmumg's 
Fit hour for converse with thrf sacred Dead. 

When solemn ftttilness reigns thro' all the air ; 
Whenweepiag dews on Natart's breast are 
And alter*d objects seem not what they are. 
What, tho' no ur% no animated hart 

Yet bear the traces of thy honour'd name t-~ 
What, tho' mute stones alone enshrine thv da*. 
Which ne'er thy Worth dUtlngntih'a mast 
proclaim.* * 

What, tho* no fculptur'd tribute yet appear- 
No snemujneatal marble meet the eye t 
Mine is a better offeriag-~lmr/t lee^r- 
Miaa, what thorn priaeat more— ^^cfiaa e 
I come to kirn— to weep aa this thy «£"**-;, 
To moaru thy lots-4be lam which all 
deplore ; 
My sorrows thai thy sepatebre shall lave* 

For I shall seethc*~4<rve the* here no mare I 
Yet, if 'tis true— and ScriptnrV* words em 
truth, [P**"> 

That sainted Spirits guard their favourite** 
Oh ! be the angelic Guardian of my vouth 1 
Shield ajefrnm danger, wfcfcmfisem, mad 
But, oh ! farewell : for darkness rolh arwrtd, 
And thickening clouds obscure the starry 
Kight spreads her pall-like mantle o'er tbe 
And warns the living to prepare tp die. 
DndUgChurcAjard, t. vt. Bod&BV. 

• A few hours before she expired, the 
.Mournful directions concerniag her interuiaat, 
&c. were dosed wtth these words: "learneatly 

ireful directions concerniag her mtermtmt, 

were dosed wtth these words: "1 earnestly 

entreat that nothing like pomp may mark a»y 


Yet, why thus inoacfi--frumsaa>riaga release entreat that nothing like pomp may mark my 

To«ie,wbewasbyaHf*ver'd,beJov*d* funeral* nor aay thing like eulogy— nay 
One,who,nowb1em 1 u > wimeveria*in*;|H>ace, tomb/ 7 

From bamaa care and sorrow is remav'd. 
Long, kmg, alas! she was by pain oppresf»d| 

let, patient as a lamb about to die, 
Meek Resignation shed the balm of rest, 

And Hope beam'd brightly from me openta* 
Her spirit, fltted with the Blest to tyre. 

By Angels borne to realms of boundless ]oy f 
Tastes ofthe pleasures Death alone can give 

Pure from the foaat of bliss without alloy. 
Then, should I weep as one of hope dcprWd t 

As if we never were to meet again I 
Forbid it, Heav'a!— for, whea from dust 

We shall unite, nor feel a parting pain. 

A FLIT of Spirit i gleam of Love: 
A, A «pot of polar White* 
A tint of Beauty stainM above; 
A ray of Summer light 

A still small accent whispers o'er, 
Aad Music aids the birth t 

A soul of Giory beams before, 
Aad Womaa walks the earth. 

Wantage, Dec 181$. 


Digitized by " 


^ Of T»B 


WO. «.] MQSTQJT, OCTOBER 15, 1817. [VOL. II. 

,„!■■"■ : II I , I 


tram tte lorafeM Mfcpcto. 

^■IHIC ancients adopted a very pecu- ed person was to rise at midnight, and to 
-J- liar method of pacifying the won- walk barefooted, silently, only making 
dering spirits of such as had been slain a small noise with tun thumb and finger, 
by treachery. The murderer never to keep the disturbed spirit at some dis- 
thought himself safe from being haunted tance : he then must wash his hands 
by the spectre of the person whom he three times in spring water, and £11 his 
hid killed, until he had cut off the feet, mouth with beans, which he was to 
the hands, the nose, and the ears, from throw behind him, for the spectre, who 
the slaughtered corpse, and hung them watched bis motions to pick up; he 
to his own neck, or under his arm-pits, was at the same time to pronounce, 
This appears from the Greek scholiasts ** With these beans I redeem me and 
onSophocIes,<ASschylus*&c. Deiphobus, mine" — without turtfng back hk head, 
the husband of Helena, was probably Then after one more ablution, after 
treated in th*s way ; which accounts for striking & vessel of brass, and after ad- 
the uncouth appearance which he made juring the ghost nine several times, by 
before iEneas in the shades. name, to depart, he might turn his head, 

. « Lacenta, crudeliter ora, ™ d the ceremony was ended * 

^ , ^"*^^™ M ^^ te ^ ra ' In.wJaatma«»«aiewBtoaccountfor 

Anribacttraa«as,uilioiieUovnliiereBarei. n the difference between that noble wild - 

« Midst otter betberousdericct, *** hxkod io *** tolw of wperstition, 

The Greeks had cut his face in slices, hft0(led ***** to u * ty <W CeUje ances- 

Of cheeks, nose, lips, they'd quite bereft him tors, and the an mtoesUng insipidity of 

And oot an inch of ear Ipd left bW ' aJl *• g^oet a#d witch stories which the 

latter *ges have produced? Perhaps the 

And this naturally introduce* the Ro- ^y^ ^y ^ f OUIM i j n ^ universal al- 

man method of geuing nd of those trou- lowance of preternatural visitations, 

blesome, nocturnal visitors, the Lemnres, which, in former times, pervaded every 

so named from a transversion of the ran k of society, and, of course, encouc- 

word Remus, who was said to have agp d t h e greatest and most fanciful wits 

haunted .his brother, and murderer, Ro- f the time to busy themselves in invent- 

mulus. , ^ 

On this account, the hag-ridden prince * It should seem that a person who had re- 

-Hthuted a festival, called Umuria, ,o ZS&ttJLWX&TJtZiZ 

appease the unquiet dead. I be haunt- gi ¥C any credit town coldish expiatory cer- 

Vol. 2. Athimsum. cmoBie*. 

Digitized by 


4% Supination. [vol. 2 

jog and recounting picturesque relations, to conquer and devour the buried^ sor- 
while in modem days, since the belief of vivor. He added, that the spectre had 
such events has been confined wholly to so far prevailed, as to have feasted on 
the ignorant, the poor, and the superun- the horse, the dog, and half the face of 
nuated, neither genius nor imagination the wretched narrator ; but that he bad 
are at band to raise the tale one degree at length, by the exertion of his old prow- 
above a white sheet, or a pair of saucer ess, overpowered the spectre, and be- 
eves, nor to supply the spectre with any headed and buried the possessed carcase." 
language more «pre«i«» than that of Here the story eode ; aedperhaps one, knocking, or fluttering. rf ^ mo(|t ^^ ^ of £j 8> tU8t it 

*"* U8 V f °u "S!3£ "• "^ iT^H *» told to the ftorwegian Prince in ex- 
one out of a hundred stone, told by the re . Actoomstance.which, 
ancient northern writers. ^ j„ the mouth of a man who had been 
- Aauithus and Asmundus were heroes owj ^^ ^ wWl . ^. 
and cwnpamons mm arm. : they had „ ^ wbo fa ^ ^ , fece left> 
fought and conquered together during ' uncoinmon . + But such efifnsions 
many yea*, and their fhendsh.p was ^ Jn former in 

"EJV-k" *iST2f*~ """Z ■» ~W* occurrences. The mod- 
of the North. At length, the one, after ^ ^ ^ of descent 

a desperate conflict, was slain in batde : ^ ^ lhon quote d Gothic phantom, 
the survivor, after causing a spacious n ' 

vault to be constructed for his friend's Thus we are told by Matthew Paris, 
body, and after having seen his arms, that, as Gilbert Folliot (afterwards Bieh- 
his horse, and hit favourite dog (as was p of Londoo) was, one night, revolving 
the mode of the times), placed within in his head certain points in politics, a 
his reach, besides a large store of provi- science to which he nad a stronger turn 
sioas, entered the cavern armed as he than to divinity, he was most fearfully 
was, and, in consequence of a mutual interrupted in his meditation by Satan, 
vow which had passed between them, w ho, with an unpleasant tone of voice, 

insisted on being closed in with his de- . : 

ceased comrade. The orders of such a • Quid itnpetU, qni relictum ne colore cer- 
man were not to be disputed. The sol- o^^mpe tIwU omob iater aaortuo, 
diers walled up tip opening of the vault, Ncicio aue 8ti$fe fluminis ausu, „ 
heaped over the whole the usual mound Missus ab infens, spiritas Assuiti, 
of art. and departed, lamenting the %£££££ S&uie. 
loss of two such leaders. It chanced Nee contentns eoui nee cants esse, 
that, a century afterwards, Eric, a Swe- Mox, in me, rapidos traostalit ungues, 
,. l n« l* -.u l« D sciss&que gena, sustolit aurem, 

dish Prince, marching, with his army, H in* latere vultus horret imago, 
near the scene of this awful event, was Emicat, inque fere rulnere sanguis, 

Incited by the hopes of finding some vast 5KfK!^ 

/ . , „ r A . , r^u j j Nam retro secur, mox, caput ejus, 

treasure to violate the asylum of the dead, profodique nocens stipite corpus. 
His pioneers instantly levelled the nil- + AMr# Chnd$ ^ pi ynj8to ck, in Devon- 
lock, and the arch of the vault soon gave shire, was inspired by the Moses, if we may 

way; when, instead of the expected b ^ e .^ i V!?:?J n Sf a S! n ^'P&JF 
* * ... c , . v « unpromising for a bard. He was benighted, 

solemn stillness of a tomb, the ghastly half frozen, and on the point of perishing, 
figure of the surviving hero rushed forth when, with the point of his sword, he wrote, 
all covered with blood, add deprived of w ^ ch ^ bowc§ blood » ** ««*■■»■■■*• 

nn. * i u * ii * at xt "Whoev5er finds, and brings me to my tomb— 

1 he tale he told to the Norwegian n. u^ „ Ptortoeb i *.n i hh 
was frightful as his own appearance. doom." 

" As soon, 9 ' he said, " as the tomb bad The monks of Ford Abbey are said to hare 

1>een closed, a hungry cruel spirit bad gained the estate so bequcsted by growing o 

.a • P i s i j r t L« temporary bridge over a river which separated 

token possession of the body of his the WyVoiii their burial groand /Wd a 

slaughtered friend, and had, without bridge near the ruins of that religious bouse, 

ceasing a moment employed all the Etg^^^tSSSuStl 

foroe and arms of the deceased in order date of this tale. 

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VOL. 2»] 



thus accosted him in rhyme, *" O Gil* 
berte Foliiot ! — Dora revolvis tot et tot 
— Deus tuus est Astarot." — To whom 
the unterrified priest replied, with met- 
er presence of mind than civility,** 4 Men- 
tins, Daemon, Qui est Deus— Sabbaoth, 
est itte mens" 

Near the abbey of Clairvaux, in Swit- 
zerland, there is a tradition that an evil 
spirit lies beneath a mountain, enchain- 
ed by St. Bernard ; and the smiths of 
that neighbourhood, when they go to 
work in the morning, always think it 
their duty to strike three strokes on their 
anvils to rivet bis fetters. 

This infernal being deserves much less 
compassion than those industrious phan- 
toms, who, according to a reputable tra- 
dition, are still to be heard near a south* 
era cliff in Wales, constantly employed 
in hammering on the brasen wall which 
Merlin intended for the defence of Bri- 
tain. But the headless enchanter hav- 
ing, after he had set them to work, been 
decoyed by the lady of the lake into a 
perpetual confinement, the poor spirits 
Still continue their unavailing lajx>r, and 
must hammer on till Merlin regains his 

" Should a glass-bouse fire be kept up 
without extinction for a longer term than 
seven years, there is no doubt but that 
a salamander would be generated in the 
cinders." This very rational idea is much 
more generally credited than wise men 
would readily believe. 

In a folio book of some price, we 
meet the following recipe : — 

44 How to make a BasUi&e. 
44 1 deny not" (quoth the Author) 
** but a living creature may be generat- 
ed, that shall poison one by seeing and 
touching, as if it were a Basiliske. But 
take heed, you that try to produce this 
creature, that you do not endanger your- 
self, which, I think, may easily come to 
pass. Infuse fruitful eggs, where you 
have a liquid moisture of arsenic or ser- 

• " While thus you're revolving on good and 
oo evil, 
This world is your Heaven, your God is the 
Devil." " 

•f " Satan, tbou liest ! the God who evermore 
Both was and is, re him whom I adore." 

pants peison, and other deadly things, 
and let the eggs lie therein for some 
days : set them under hens that do cluck, 
but shake them not in your hands, lest 
you destroy the mischief sought for. 
There is no greater cause to be found to 
produce divers monsters, than by eggs." 

No man ever gave into popular and 
superstitious prejudices more readily 
than the (otherwise) ingenious and en- 
tertaining antiquarian, John Aubrey. 
His method of relation was always 
quaint, and sometimes too general, as in 
the following instance : — 

44 Anno 1670, not far from Cirences- 
ter, was an apparition. Being demand- 
ed whether a good spirit or a bad? 
returned no answer, but disappeared 
with a curious perfume and most melo- 
dious twang." 

The following anecdote from the same 
writer is more particular : — " When I" 
(the writer^.Aubrey) u was a freshman 
at Oxford, 164*2, I was wont to goto 
Christ Church to see King Charles 1. at 
supper ; where 1 once beard him say, 
that as he was hawking in Scotland, lie 
rode into a. quarry* and found die cov- 
ey of partridges falling on the hawk : 
and 1 do remember this expression fur- 
ther ; viz. And I will swear upon the 
book His true. When I came to my 
chamber, I told this story to my tutor ; 
said he, 4 That covey was tendon.' " 

The annals of France report that in 
793 there fell out an uncommon scarcity ; 
the ears of corn were all void of sub- 
stance, and strange preternatural beings 
were heard in the air, proclaiming them- 
selves to be demons who had ravaged the 
harvests in order to revenge the clergy for 
the reluctance of the people as to the 
payment of tythes ; which, in conse- 
quence of this diabolical interference, were 
ordered to be regularly discharged. St. 
Foix, who relates this story, humour- 
ously asks, " How the devils came to 
interest themselves so warmly in behalf 
of the priesthood ?" 

King James the First defines a necro- 
mancer to be the devil's master, and to 
command him by art A witch his sern 
vant, for whom he .works by compact. 

Digitized by 


44 Onihehun^aM^MGlxti^rfCkamotmL [vol.* 

The learned Godwin, in his Antiquf- With such as these, the rabKs 
ties of the Jewish Nation, favors us with ftat Laban spake, 
the method of composing the Teraphim, j^ Poller, in his " Worthies of Eng- 
which were a species of image endued by j^m ^ ^peating the old prophetic 
magic art with the power of orophesying. prover k 

« The Teraphim i have spoken vanity." Tw^^udy faltoinoar Lord's Up, 
Zech. x. 2. Rabbi Ellezer is quoted as w neD |et Ed§}mA be War€ a n**? :" 

and after bringing fifteen instances of 
Recipe for making tlie Teraphim. singular misfortunes, which have happen- 
" They killed a man that was a first- ed to England when such a conjunction 
born son, and wrung off his head, and of feasts has occurred, warns the next 
seasoned it with salt and spices, and generation to beware of what may fall 
wrote upon * plate of gold the name of out in the year 1729: happily, that 
an unclean spirit, and put it under the year is past, and probably another like 
head on a wall, and lighted candles be- era, without any signal misfortune hap- 
fore it and worshipped it" pening to the kingdom. — Aug. 1817. 


bt jntoratoK new, or emu eva. 

9*m tta ltowMoBttlyltaiHlM. 

T1AVBLLERS who have visited most frequented of these glaciers, bad 
the valley of Chamouni, and those made in 1816 such advances as began 
persons also who are acquainted with it to excite alarm ; for its foot had actually 
from description alone, know that the reached woods and meadows from which 
prodigiously thick masses of ice which it had before been always more or less 
cover Mont Blanc, descend into that val- distant. The guides unanimously agreed 
ley to the foot of the mountain, fill up the in the reality of these advances, though 
broad ravines or rather dales formed by they widely differed in their estimate of 
nature on the sides of the vast colossus, the magnitude of them : and in state- 
and at length dissolve in the plain far dis- menu of this kind there is ulways reason 
tant from the spot which gave them birth, to apprehend exaggeration. I resolved, 
These icy vales are called glaciers, and therefore, at the time of my visit to the 
each of them has its appropriate name, valley of Chamouni, in August 1815, 
Along the valley of Chameuni there are to determine by accurate measurements 
six of these glaciers which follow in this the horizontal distance of some of the 
order as you go up the valley ; La Gria, projecting points of the lowest mass of 
Taconna, Les Bossons, Lea Bois, Ar- the glacier, from such spots in the mead- 
gen tiere, and Le Tour. ow grounds menaced and partly reached 
Between the continual descent of the by the L-e, as were marked by blocks of 
ice which composes these glaciers, and granite. Two of the oldest and most in- 
its annual effusion at the foot of them, is lelligent guides,) Pierre Balmat and Ga- 
formed a kind of equilibrium by means chat, surnamed the Giant, assisted me in 
of which the foot or extremity of the gla- this .operation. 1 left with them a copy 
tier advances or recedes, according as of these measurements, distinguished by 
the mean temperature of (be year is tower numbers, with directions to repeat them 
or higher. At the foot of the Bois gla- in the same manner from time to time, 
cier, near the source of the Arveron, is and to acquaint me with the result In 
to be seen a number of large blocks of July, 1816, I received from the son of 
granite which serve to mark how far the one of these men a letter from which the 
glacier that brought them advanced at following is an extract, 
different periods beyond its present lint- " I hasten to inform you, that agrees- 
its. bly to your instructions my father mea- 
Les Bossons, which is one of the most sured the Bossons glacier on the 30th of 
accessible and consequently one of the June, and found as follows : — 

Digitized by * 



Swiu Scetury. 


" Towards the point No. 1, the gla- 
cier has advanced about 60 feet. - 

" Towards No. 6, 33 feet 

"Towards No. 7, 13 feet. 

44 1 hate also to remark that the Bois, 
or Arveron glacier, has likewise advanced 
Considerably, and actually threatens the 

It is highly probaMe* or rather certain 
that this year (1816) so peculiarly dis- 
tinguished by its low temperature will 
belong to those in which the increase and 
advances of the glaciers have been most 
considerable; and the above data will af- 
ford the means of stating the extent of that 
increase with some degree of certainty. 


From the McmtMy Magtalitt. 

The Valley of the Rhone. 

My 4 

IN this valley are found persons called 
Goitres and Cretins The former are 
distinguished by swellings of the neck, 
so large as to render them hideous ; this 
disease does not materially diminish the 
number of their days, although it has 
some effect on their general health. The 
cretins are the most powerless, the most 
loathsome, the most unlike human beings, 
yet bearing the human form, that I ever 
beheld ; they are so baneful, that my na- 
ture chills even at the recollection of them. 
They are bom idiots ; they never attain 
a maturity of form or of intellect ; their 
youth, their middle age, their latter years, 
are the same — a heavy, an unchangeable, 
a leaden trance, locks up the sources of 
a physical and mental energy. They pos- 
sess the appetitive organs, yet enjoy nei- 
ther sights, nor sounds, nor odours, nor 
sensations ; but hunger , hunger approach* 
ing voracity, appears to supply the dark- 
ness of the other senses. They are sunk 
even beneath the lowest gradation of ani- 
mated beings ; they are incapable of the 
blind attachment of brutes, they have not 
locomotion, for a cretin of twenty-five 
years cannot stand, but lives in a cradle, 
or in the arms of the wretch whose des- 
tiny it is to preserve its existence. Add 
to this maturity of years, contracted fea- 
ture of face, a head partially covered 
with hair, bearing the dark hue of man- 
hood, eyes weak and scarcely unclosed, 
and lashes so clotted with thick moisture 
as to deform, rather than ornament, the 
lid, flesh devoid of elasticity, with the 
discoloration of death ; — picture all this, 
and you may think that you behold the 
creature that has no parallel. Yet this 
being, fallen as it is below the vilest of 
the brute species, bears the human form ! 
the form of man, in whom is sometimes 

beheld a shadowing of those attribute* 
which are assigned to the Deity I Yet, 
let me hasten to draw a veil before thta 
picture of loathsome imbecility ; and 
ought I not to apologize for having 
dwelt so long on a subject which must 
distress you T I do so, and beg to as- 
sure you, as an apology, that my mind 
was haunted by this afflicting subject, as 
we are troubled by a frightful dream, 
which ch'ags to our diseased imaginations. 

It is some relief to the reeling mind to 
know, that this malady, which we have 
reason to believe has always afflicted the 
Valaisans, has been of late years greatly 
alleviated ; yet a traveller cannot enter 
far into this valley without being afflicted 
with the sight of goitrous persons em- 
ployed at their avocations, or cretins in- 
active and insensible, reclining in chain*, 
or in the arms of their parents. 

In considering the sources of these dis- 
orders, Mr. Coxe appears to offer a the- 
ory for the first only ; it is his opinion 
that this disease is attributable to a calca- 
reous deposit, found in the waters of the 
valleys where goitres reside ; that the 
adhesion of this to the glands, of the throat* 
at that early period when they are inost 
susceptible, causes this expansion, which 
at length becomes monstrous ; he asserts 
that animals also are affected in the same 
manner. This disorder is • not peculiar 
to Switzerland, or even Europe, it is 
known to exist in Asia, for goitrous pep- 
sons are found in the valleys of all moun- 
tainous countries, excepting those in a 
high northern latitude. I do not hear, 
indeed, that they are round farther north 
than our own vale of Derbyshire* Mr. 
Coxe, in proof of what he seems to con- 
sider no longer hypothetical, informs us 
that this calcareous deposit has been 
found in the throats of such men and an-* 
imals as have been dissected. 

Digitized by VjVJVJ 



Swiss Scenery. 

[vol. % 


> Saossure denies the truth of this theory, above it ire assembled, he might, by in- 

lich has long prevailed, and attributes specting their countenances and forma, 
toe goitrous affection, which is local, and decide with confidence on the altitude at 
cretinism, which pervades the system, to which each individual was bora, 
the same cause, namely — the extreme Coxe's theory of the goitrous affection 
heat of the sun, which, by being confined may be correct, but it is more probable 
in valleys whose extremities do not open that Saussure is right in supposing that 
upon plains or tracts of country where cretinism and goitre are both induced by 
the air circulates freely, generates a spe» heated and impure atmosphere ; and 
cies of corruption, the nature of which is there is this fact in proof of the truth of 
not precisely known. This impure attnos- bis theory, that neither goitres nor cre- 
phere, acting upon the tender frame of tins are found in high northern latitudes, 
infants, causes that relaxation not only I like to propose doubts, they are the 
productive of the goitrous swelling, but tests of science and of wisdom ; the tena- 
of a general atony of the system, which cious adherent of system is, in my esti- 
is indeed the distinguishing character of mation, a species of bigot ; temerity and 
thjs loathsome malady. cowardice are most paradoxically united 

In tracing the scale of this disorder in him — he has the hardihood to assert 
(to admit Saussure's theory), from crelu that bis opinions are true and incontro- 
num down to goitre we observe, as he vertible, yet has he the cowardice to shun 
remarks, that some can utter only inarti- discussion ; and, associated with these, 
culate sounds ; others, with painful hesi- invariably meet with loss of temper. 
tation, stammer out a few words ; some, which is indicative of shame and defeat, 
without the exercise of reason, partake of Would that the spirit of academic phi- 
the domestic labours of the bouse, not losophy were engrafted in all hearts ! 
from instruction, but from imitation only ; How refreshing was it to turn our eyes 
while others marry, and sustain the du- from Meville, where we bad been gazing 
ties of parents and their rank, in society, on an object in whom was united the 
with no inconsiderable share of respects- years which border on manhood, with 
bility. the helplessness and mental non-existence 

An opinion has long prevailed among of infancy ; and behold the magnificent 
the natives that cretinism is attributable and beautiful Salenche falling, as it were, 
to impure atmosphere, for they send their from a mountain-summit into the vale 
offspring to be n a rsed on heights, which before us ! The fall of this river, called, 
are supposed to be removed from the par excellence, I presume, Pissevache, 
impurity of the valley ; and it does not unites the extremes of beauty and subli- 
unfrequently happen that the accouche- mity. To be seen to the greatest ad van- 
meuts of the Valaisans take place among tage, the traveller should approach the 
the mountains. A portion of intellect, base of the mountain on the north-west 
little exceeding instinct would dictate -eide of the cascade; from this point of 
this ; — they observe the health, strength, view it appears to descend from the pure 
and perfect forms of those who are born ether that surmounts it : its immense vol- 
on lofty situations, and, comparing them ume, dashiog in the descent from its bed 
with the loathsome disease, or, at best, upon a rugged shelving of rock, produces 
the imperfect health which invariably at- an appearance the most singular and en- 
lends their own offspring, a conclusion chanting. Tbe effect of reflected light 
naturally foUows : the cause is mystcri- on its far-spreading foam, which is waft- 
ous, but the effect must have been obser- ed like clouds into the valley, givtes ex- 
Ted from generation to generation. istence to the rainbow, and presents eve* 

In support <ft his theory, Saussure in- ry colour and combination of the prism ; 
forms us that goitres are not found on but this diversity of refraction is to be 
mountains, or even in the lofty -valley* of witnessed about sun-rise only. In coo- 
mountainous countries ; and he udds, sequence of the violence with which tbe 
that, if a person possessing only a super- river falls on the projecting rock, it rises 
ficial knowledge of physiognomy were into the atmosphere in a variety of qbapes, 
to visit Martigny on a fair-day, when the too various and too extraordinary for tbe 
natives of the valley and of the heights memory toietain — sometimes in the form 

Digitized by 


vol. 2.] Love and Mcdnets. 47 


of sky-rockets, which the eye traces for cent is Its termination ! — from an dei£ 
a time, until they lose their first form, tion exceeding two hundred and fifty 
and soon afterwards vanish from the feet it falls with a tumultuous sound and 
sight : such too was the appearance of displays a brilliancy and sublimity in 
the distant spray, which appeared to fade death that the majestic Rhone, which re- 
away like exhalation, while the foam, ceives its almost lifeless remains,no-where 
with which the person of the traveller is presents : it calls to my mind the prema- 
sorrounded, makes him fancy that he is ture decease of virtue, amiability, and 
enveloped in a shower of liquid silver, loveliness, destined apparently to have 
You cannot conceive with what delicious enjoyed a long,an useful,anda happy life, 
abandonment 1 gave loose to my imagi- The only object which arrested my 
nation ; the visions of faery were never attention before we entered Martigny, 
more beauteous than the sights which all was the mouth of the river called CEau 
may behold here, but those especially Noire, or Triant, at the village of Venre- 
which Fancy, with her piercing eye, her he, which- rises near Valorsine ; after 
soft voice, and busy finger, assisted me in dashing through a narrow, deep, rugged, 
discovering. and gloomy chasm, it flows sluggishly 

This river, which rises among the into the Rhone : its dark course, its pas- 
Pennine Alps, acquires in its course a sive and un picturesque termination, are' 
volume which would have conferred on strikingly contrasted with the lofty bed, 
it fame and honour if it had watered a and the brilliant and impetuous fall of 
legion more habitable than tha,t where the Salenche. ■ T.' H. 

Nature has placed it ; yet how maguifi- Mon. Mag. July 1817. 


DURING the short period in which charged a pistol at the Colonel, but with 
the British forces were in Madrid, no effect — the other, with his sword 
a Colonel V— , of the-- th regiment drawn, seized the bridle of his horse, 
of foot, was returning from the Rttiro to and commanded him to turn back if he 
his quarters in the city, late at night — valued his life. This was a dictate 
the evening was bright and serene — his which the Colonel felt by no means dis- 
pece was leisurely ; and as he rode, his posed to obey ; and drawing his pistol 
thoughts wandered to England, where from the holster, he returned the fire 
he had left a most amiable young lady to with so good an aim as to drop the as- 
whom he was engaged, the daughter of sailant ; but perceiving his fellow rush- 
an eminent barrister. Amid the "deep ing towards him, and brandishing a long 
musings of his heart,his attention w&ssudi- toledo with horrible imprecations in 
denly roused by the most piercing shrieks French, he instantly alighted and drew 
of a female catling for help — almost 'at his sabre, and with so much adroitness 
the same instant he beheld a woman fly- met his antagonist's impetuosity as to 
ing at a distance before two men who disarm him. The wretch spraqjg for- 
were pursuing — the Colonel spurred on ward, and closed with the Colonel, when 
his horse to overtake them, when the both fell to the ground by the side of the 
woman- fell, and the persons in pursuit prostrate fugitive. At that moment her 
had just reached her as he came up— one senses revived ; and raising herself upon 
of them exclaimed, in bad Spanish, her knees, with the most •heart-rending 
4 What shall we do with her ? she's cries besought them to destroy her, rath- 
dead !* * Ah,' replied the other, * never er than persist in their purpose — * O 
fear ; we'll dispose of her somehow or spare me, spare me — the daughter of 
other.' — His sudden appearance seemed him who protected, who sheltered, who 
to startlp tbera, when he demanded who saved you from the English. With one 
they irere, and what they were doing, spring the fellow disengaged himself 
The/foremost of. the two instantly dfe- feotnnbe Colonel ; and, drawing a dag- 

48 Uvc mi Midntu. [vol.* 

8p, made a blow at the unhappy lady." mother, who, with a look of astooisb- 
olonel V instantly rushed for* meat, and an emotion that almost choak* 

ward, and wresting the dagger from the ed her utterance,— "^ What is all tub! 
villain's band, with one blow felled him Why is ray daughter thus agitated ? 
to the eartt). He then turned towards Speak, my child— -tell me, Don Alonio, 
the prostrate female, whose honor and what has happened to your cousin." — 
affright seemed to have anticipated the " Alas ! Madam, I know no more than 
stab of the assassin ; she lay to all ap- what this gentleman, an English Colon- 
pearence Kfeless, and Colonel V ■ el, can better explain* I found him en- 
bad scarcely raised her from the ground, gaged in a contest with a man, whose 
when a Spanish officer, who had the companion he had killed before I happi- 
command of a neighbouring picquet, ly came up to the spot where I beheld 
came to the spot ; he challenged Colonel Dona Miranda apparently lifeless on the 
V ' ■ i who answered by requesting his ground. It should seem that she had 
assistance. The officer fired a pistol as been pursued by these two villains, and 
a signal to bis meo, who in a few minutes this brave Englishman rescued her from 
obeyed the summons with torches. The their power." Colonel V — r— then re* 
Spaniard advancing towards the Lady, counted to the mother that part of the 
no sooner caught a glimpse of her fee- adventure in which he had been eugag- 
tures, than he started back, exclaiming ed. The alarmed parent poured forth 
t— " Good heavens, Dona Miranda Fo- her grateful acknowledgments, and re- 
deye, whence is this, why do I see you quested they would await the arrival of 
thus f— At the sound of her name she Don Emanuel Fodeya, her husband, 
tittered a piercing shriek ; " Ah ! save who, she said, left his house this mora- 
ine, save me, Don Alonzo ; I am be- ing early, to communicate with the En- 
graved, I fly from the basest of men." — giish General atliead quarters. Scaroe- 
" Madam, you are now in safety " re- Fy had she uttered these words, when 
plied the Officer ; u honor Col. V-— *Don Emanuel rushed in with breathless 
or myself with your commands, and we haste. " When is my daughter, rojr 
will conduct you whithersoever you persecuted child — where is abe-wsnb* 
please." The Lady, looking around safe ? O God of Heaven ! I thank 
her with wildness, seemed for a moment thee. Wretched old man that I am, 
^struggling to collect her affrighted forgive me, my child, forgive rne^ I 
thoughts. " Are you sure I am safe f am the cause of all thy sufferings."-** 
Who are these men ?" — The Officer sat- Here he sunk down at the feet of bis 
isfied her inquiry, and repeated his as- daughter, who still lay in the arms of bar 
snrances. With r trembling hesitation mother, overpowered by the conflicting 
•be permitted herself to be supported on feelings which assailed her. Colonel 
rift arm ; and then addressed Colonel V-»-r- and the Officer stood in mute 

V . " To you, Sir, I am indebted surprise at the scene which tbey behekL 

for ray life, and the preservation of my When Don Emanuel starting up, and 
honor. My cousin, Don Alonzo, will unmindful of all around him, burst forth 
thaattyoo more effectually than my pres- into the most furious execrations : " In- 
fit terser* will allow me to do. He famous tyrant I is this the return for my 
#ill taker' me to my father's house, and c on fide n c e ? Am I, then, the instco- 
you, Sir, will accompany him, when I ment of thine accuoed delusions I Have 
will relate to both the cause of my being I risked the life of my child, have I 
thus compelled to trespass upon your at- thrown into thine atrocious grasp the 
tention." Colonel V—— most readily honor of my family % Misero bte wretrli 
offered bis services ; and giving the as- that I am ; but my vengeance shall pur- 
sassin in charge to the picquet guard, sue the usurper ; my eternal hatred de* 
with strict injunctions to keep him in votes him and his cause to dibUuciiua. 
close custody, he proceeded with the Look up, my beloved, look upon thy fa* 
Spanish Officer to conduct Dona Fodeya tber, who has betrayed thee. Ye*, it i* 
towards Madrid. Arrived at her home, on me alone your contempt should f«"- 
she threw herself into the arms of her O, Sirs, if the blessings of a mat. v*i-» 

vol. £.] Love and Madness. 49 

has outraged every feeling of parental wish you t good night I shall return 
duty, can be acceptable, take them as the to my men before dawn, that I may •*- 
deliverers of a daughter whom a father amine the villain whom you gave in 
had consigned to misery unutterable; charge to them. Adieu, sir, for the pre~ 
but you have preserved her from worse sent. — The Colonel withdrew, filled 
than death ; for know that the vain and with the moat disquieting conjectures 
wicked ambition of a foolish and de- upon what had pasted. He knew Don 
ceived old man had led hiin to trust the Emanuel to be a favourite with the in- 
professions and promises of the usurper famous Godoy. He knew also, that he 
of his Monarch's throne ; and the help- had been in the confidence of Joseph 
less child of his old age was to have been Buonaparte, the Usurper of Ferdinand's 
made the sacrifice, the victim which he throne ; but be was unwitting to follow 
had destined to be offered on the altar the progress of his suspicions created by 
of his criminal hope of personal aggran- the broken sentences of- the wretched 
dixement." — " What do I hear ferried father. The daughter was of eminent 
the mother of Dona Miranda. •* No, no, beauty, to which the agitation of her 
I will not believe it ; it is phreozy ; it mind had given a character of superior 
is the raving of a disordered intellect ; influence, which had not failed of its im- 
bnt see, my child recovers. Colonel pressive effect He felt, also, something 

V , forgive the seeming coldness like gratification, of peculiar interest to 

with which yon have been received ; his heart, at having been the fortunate 
here is some horrible secret with which means of her escape from an implication 
I am unacquainted — perhaps it were which, although he could not as yet ful- 
better developed to those who are alone ly comprehend, he was enabled to guess 
concerned ; suffer me to say, that we at as involving many extraordinary 
shall be most happy to be honoured by events." 

your presence to-morrow : Don Aloozo, Arrived at his Quarters, Col. V 
as one of the family, will see the proprie- found a letter brought by a soldier from 
ty my suggestion. Don Emanuel the General of his division, requesting to 
labours under some self-accusing im- see him as early in the morning asVjpos- 
preasion, which I am sure you, Col. V — sible. The picquet guard had taken the 
cannot desire to increase by the shame surviving bravo to the next in command, 
which it must cost him to explain before in the absence of Don Alonzo ; the 
a- stranger. Cousin, you will have the man had made a confession of the who|e> 
goodness to* bring the Colonel with you affair, and the officer had thought it in* 
at an early hour of dinner, and it willaf- cumbent upon him to send him to the 
ford me the highest satisfaction to receive general, who, understanding that Col 

him as the most inestimable friend of pur V bad attended the Lady to her 

bouse." Don Emanuel, while bis wife family, sent for him that he might be 
was speaking, appeared lost in a vacan- made acquainted with the circumstances, 
ey of mind which evidently shewed he and regulate his conduct accordingly, 
was insensible to what was passing. The At break of day, therefore the Colonel . 
storm of passion had subsided into a hastened to head-quarters ; for as be 
cahn of portentous silence which threat- intended to repair to Don EmanQjtfJ'o-- 
eoed the worst effects upon his intellect deya's house in the mornings he **s 

And CoL V , apprehensive of the anxious to lose no time in the interval ' 

consequences, entreated Don Alonzo to .besides, he felt an irresistible curiosity to 
remain where be was, while he would be made acquainted with the cause of an 
find his way to his lodgings by himself, event that as yet appeared to have no 
— u I will do myself the honour, Colon- clue of developement. As soon as be 
ei, to see yon to-morrow early," replied joined the General, the latter ordered the 
the Officer : " bore is something more prisoner to be brought in. There was a 
serious than I am aware of— it behoves savage air about the fellow which well 
me tp stop awhile where I am — my accorded with his employ-** scowl of 
counsel may be required. Colonel, I horrible malignity spoke the disappoint- 
H .''Tot *. Am*ac*. nwat of. his design. There wan a set- 

Digitized by 


50 Poem$ by John Keats. [vol. 2. 

tlfji iodigdatiou ia bis eye while he be- mand you to repeat the confession which 

hejd Colonel V ■ , that shewed be you made to me last night.* — * You are 

ww not abashed at the remembrance of welcome to all that I know about the 

the deed which he meditated ; and the business/ replied the fellow ; ' for as I 

steadfast features of his sallow counte- have been fool enough to suffer your 

nance, from which be deliberately cast friend there to defeat my designs, in- 

baek his matted black hair, proved that stead of shooting him at once when he 

the trade of mnrder was familiar to him. first came up, I care not what is known, 

-^-* Prisoner/ said the General, * I com- or who knows it' EiuMag.Jug. 1817. 

Tbteaxrt— d 



QUOTATION frdro, and a wood- of imaginations and descriptions equally 

• engraving of Spencer, on the title delicate and elegant with these ; but, 

a of Mr. feats' volume, is very although we have looked into it with 

judiciously and appropriately introduced, pleasure, and strongly recommend it to 

as the poetical beauUes of this volume die perusal of all lovers of real poetry, 

remind us much of that elegant and ro- we cannot, as another critic has injudi- 

mantic writer. ciously attempted, roll the name of Byron , 

For the grand, elaborate, and abstract- Moore, Campbell and Rogers, into the 

ed music of nature our author has a fine milky way of literature, because Keats 

ear, and now and then catches a few is pouring forth his splendors in the 

notes from passages of that never-ending Orient. We do not imagine that the 

harmony which God made to retain in fame of one poet, depends upon the fall 

exaltation and purity the spirits of our of another, or that our morning and our 

first parents. In " places of Nestling- evening stars necessarily eclipse the con- 

grea<> for poets made," we have this stellations of the meridian. % 

gende address to Cynthia : Too much praise ^ more injurioua 

« O maker of sweet poets ! dear delight *» ceo, » l * *?<* f ?™» *" mpty- 

Ofthis fair world, and ail its gentle livers; wg lens, through which, the faults and 

9|»nglerofdoads,halo of crystal rivers, deformiUes of its object are augmented 
Minglerwith leaves, and dew, and tamMiag and enlarged; while true merit looks 

streams, more lovely beaming through the clouds 

Closer of lovely eyesto Wvelj dreams, of prejudice and . envy, because it adds 

Lover of loneliness and wandering, to admiration and esteem the associa- 

Of japcast eyes and tender pondering ! tion of superior feelings. 

^Tf^^?^^ We cannot then advance for our 

That smilest ason to teU delightful stones" ^^ ^ ^ m iQ ?Mc nofke ^ 

And also in his last poem, concern- ^^rt - 'l?"* 

ing sleep, the followin^interrogations ^ fehcity of style. But whUe we blame 

and apostrophes are very pleasing : the slovenly independence of his versifi- 

^ r / r 6 cation, we must allow that thought, sea- 

« Wbatls more gendethana wind In iommer? timent, and feeling, particularly in the 

What is more soothing than the pretty hammer ***** «* and poeticnl display of them, 

That stays one moment in an open flower, belong more to the maturity of summer 

And braces cheerily from bower to bower? fruits than to the infancy of vernal 

What ismore tranquil than amaskrose blowing blossoms; to that knowledge of the 

In agreen island, farTrem all men's knowing? human mind and heart which is acquired 

More healthful than the leaflngs of dales? only by observation and experience, 

More secret than a nest of nightingales ? than to the early age, or fervid i magina • 

More serene than Cordelia's countenance ? tion of our promising author. But if 

More foil of visions than a high romance ? ^ „ coloura and the 8weet {"L^ 

What but thee, sleep !" of bur8ting b{Qm>m ^ ^ ^^ rf 

The volume before us indeed is full future treasures, then may we prophecy 

Digitized by 


vol. 2.] Original Letters from a Father to his Son. 51 

boldly of the future eminence of oar trated the science of Botany in a poem 

young poet, for we hare no where found called "the Loves of the Plants." 

them so early or so beautifully displayed 'After having painted a few "places 

as in the pages of the volume before us. of nestling green, for poets made," thus 

The youthful architect may be dis- Mr. Keats : 

covered in the petty arguments of his m m . '',„., 

principal pieces. These poetical strnc- "*■?* fir8t ■?*«« • k M ***?*> 

Jures may be compared uTno gorgeous V^^^^^Ttff^ 

_i~~ l~ -\ * — i j r u- In wmt delicious ramble be bad found 

peaces, no wlemn temples ; and in his A , ittle with ^ hiall WOTcnround , 

enmity to the FVench school, and to the And |n the midft of ^ a dcarer pool 

Augustan age of England, he seems to Than were reflected in its pleasant cool 

have a principle, that plan and arrange^ The blue sky, here and there serenely peeping 

ment are prejudicial to natural poetry. Thro' tendril wreaths fantastically creeping. 

The principal conception of his first And on the bank a lonely flower be spied, 

poem is the same as that of a contem- A awek and forlorn flower, with nought of 

1™* ■"ST^- Word9WOr J h ' and DroopfilS beauty o'er the watery cleans 

presumes that the most ancient poets, £« own J. int0 ne £e» . 

who are the inventors of the Heathen j^af to light Zephyrus, it would not move ; 

Mythology, imagined those fables chief- Bot # m w<mld uee ^ to dr00 p, topine,tolove } - 

lyby the personification of many ap* go while the poet stood in this sweet spot, 

pearances in nature ; just as the astro- gome fainter gleamingso'er his fancy shot ; 

nomers of Egypt gave name and figure Nor was it long ere be bad told the tale 

to many of our constellations, and as Of young Narcissus and sad Echo's baler 

the late Dr. Darwin ingeniously illus- - t ,-"^-i Euro. Mag. M ay 1817. 


^fc ViomUm Bofopcu Mi p mt— . 

coxcujiiov or lbttbb in. time as undivided as possible which 

YOU will perhaps tell me, that these makes op the hours of official employ ; 
avocations are not always equally and with this arrangement in view, you 
preaeiog, and that instances frequently will never be at a loss to devise some 
occur in which you have nothing tjp do for profitable application of these intervals 
an hour or two together. Such an occur- of remission, that shall preserve your 
rence, however, is no excuse for any thoughts in the same direction. With 
waste of the intermediate time — the tern- your oatural strength of intellect, you, 
porary cessation of business gives you, at will not experience any serious difficulty 
all events, an "opportunity to fill up the in doing this for a few hours in the day ; 
asjacemritb some improving pursuit that and I venture to predict, that if you 
relates to the subjects which your situs- adhere to this industrious system, you 
uon embraces $ — for this purpose I will reap one certain fruit of it which 
would recommend you to substitute for will encourage your emulation ; — you 
the ageless reading .to which I have will find your aptness for business grad- 
adverted, some of those publications ually increased far above that of your 
winch I referred to in my last, that treat compeers, who so blindly forfeit their 
upon commercial topic-. — There is an best opportunities of qualifying themselves 
excellent book lately published, called for the higher departments of official life. 
44 the Universal Cambist" which would In such progress the adage, " Divide el 
put you in possession of much valuable imperii," will be well exemplified by 
rafbrroatioo ; this you might keep by your advancement in those powers of 
you in reserve for such unemployed pe- personal intelligence and professional 
riods ; it is a book of business and will knowledge, which nothing but this regu- 
not be out of its place* At all events,- lar distribution of your time can secure. 

my dear G , let it be your constant You will be better enabled to command 

object to preserve that portion of your your oppoitujihies of official information, 

Digitized by 



Original Letter* from a Father to his Sow. 

[vol. % 

end to seixe those nralities of recommend- 
ing yourself to the notice of your superiors, 
on which your hopes of porootioo de- 
pend. Your assiduity will thus be 
acknowledged, and your merits will not 
be disappointed of their reward. 

I confess to you, my dear O , that 

I should very intimately feel your dis- 
comfiture, were any such disappoint- 
ment to ensue ; still I would flatter my* 
self (and a father's hopes are not easily 
supported by any such self-persuasions 
without some more rational ground than 
his own feelings) that the advice which 
I have given you, if admitted into your 
rules of conduct, will furnish you with 
ample means of escaping such disap- 
pointment But if you should not con- 
struct your expectations upon the same 
grounds as my anxiety for your prospe- 
rous p rogress has formed its anticipa- 
tions, let roeappeal toyourself-reference ; 
and if your sense of duty should fail, let 
me retain your pride on my side ; — you 
have received a liberal education — you 
are blest with intellectual powers above 
the common standard — you have enjoy- 
ed opportunities which few of young men 
around you have had the advantage of 
cultivating — would it not then reflect 
very seriously upon yourself, if you were 
to reject from your consideration, all these 
essentials, and for the want of assiduity, 
were to forfeit sll the concurrent chances 
in your favour ? If you be disposed to 
commit so palpable a suicide upon your 
hopes, let one of our modem poets, 
whom I quote by recollection, stimulate 
you to the action : 

'think of tone 

Assideoes booby mounting o'er yoar bead. 
And theace with fancy interest looking down* 
Think of (Reflection's stab!) the pitying 

With shoulders shragg'd and sorry— think 

that Time 
Has golden urinates if discreetly seised." 

I am unwilling, my dear Q ■ , to 
suppose thst another's sentiments will 
have more influence upon your mind 
than a Esther's, otherwise I could mul- 
tiply my quotations, not merely from 
our own writers on this important ques- 
tion, but from your old acquaintance 
among your school classics. However, I 
will nersoade myself that your common 

sense will admit as deserving of your 
notice, what every man has sooner or 
later in life acknowledged in its advan- 
tages, or lamented in the loss of them ; 
for the value of time is what every one 
can appreciate, although every man does 
not apply it to the most valuable purpo- 
ses. I have endeavoured, therefore, to 
avoid the numerous trite sayings which 
have spoken the language of this expe- 
rience in those general terms in which 
it is accustomed to express itself — all I 
have in view is to save you the pain of 
fruitless regret, and to point out the way 
by which you may avoid it. 1 shall not 
urge my admonitions on this bead far- 
ther than to add, that he who does not 
reckon the worth of that part of bis time 
for which he is paid, according to the 
standard of its usefulness by which he 
has pledged it to bis employers, is not 
likely to meet their expectations or pro* 
mote his own, — and as the letter must in 
your case materially depend upon the 
former, it becomes the individual interest 
of your official relation, as well as the 
moral duty of your personal character, 
to provide that neither be disappoifed. 
I shall now proceed to the next divi- 
sion of your time, the hours to be allot- 
ted to study : for 1 cannot allow myself 
to suppose for a moment, that you can 
remain satisfied with the scanty store of 
knowledge which your scholastic ac- 
quirements have put you in possession 
of: but admitting that such a supposi- 
tion might be made without any injuri- 
ous reflection upon the active powers of 
your mind, it would still infer that you 
keep up those acquirements, and not 
degrade the toga of manhood because yon 
have thrown aside the prmtesta of the 
schoolboy. I could wish that the form- 
er may be worn with dignity, and be- 
lieve me, a well cultivated intellect is the 
only qualification that can give a step of 
superiority corresponding with the garb. 
Do not then suppose thst you have no- 
thing farther to do with learning, be- 
cause you have escaped from the tram- 
els of first'form lessons. I have often 
heard it said by some of the first men of 
the age, that they have learned more af- 
ter they left school than they has! ac- 
quired during the whole time which they 
had passed there. But whence does 
this remark proceed ? why, from a ma- 
Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

tol. 2.] Original Letters from a Father. 53 

tnrity of reflection which has enabled ways respected for what be knows, and 
them to apply what they had learned, courted for what he communicates ; ha 
with a more apposite sens* of its drift is acceptable to all and in every station : 
and meaning. — At your age, the powers but when we speak of a man of reading, 
of reflection begin to expand themselves, we mean a man of literary acquirements ; 
and the judgment to feel its strength ; and this every young man may become 
and unless I am much mistaken in the who has had the foundation already laid 
character of your mind, it would repel in his mind by classical tuition. Two 
with indignant emotion, the charge of hours 9 study in a day, if regularly per- 
acting in direct opposition to either : but severed in, will go a great way in the 
it often happens, in this case as well as course of the year towards enriching 
in matters of more moral import, that your intellectual store ; and I am not 
we may individually adopt the poet's exacting too muob, when I advise you 
confession — meliora probo, dettriora as- to seize these hours in the earlier part of 
peer, so with respect to the suggestions the morning. This will not interfere 
of reflection and the convictions of our with that season of repose which is usual- 
judgment, we may be fully capable of ly applied to the recruiting of your men- 
estimating an advantage, and of calculat- tal and bodily vigour by sleep ; because, 
log our opportunities to improve it, yet seven hours of sleep ought to be reckon- 
at the same time we are not unfrequent- ed sufficient for any man, and especially 
ly led by the insinuating influence of the a young man. Throughout three parts 
gayer pursuits of life to sacrifice the one of the year this appropriation may be 
and neglect the other. If I could think easily effected ; and I will not admit the 
that you were already so well acquainted supposition for a moment, that you 
with all jhose subjects of general know- would rather lose so precious an oppor- 
ledge, which are so essential to complete tunity in the senseless sloth of the slug* 
a well-informed man, I should not be gard : for there cannot be a more de- 
ctisppsed, perhaps, to urge the necessity grading surrender of the faculties than 
for devoting two hours a day at least to that which sloth fulness is sure to pro- 
tbat sort of reading which would quali- dure : always despicable in every one, 
fy you for supporting this character. As in a young man it is disgusting, and 
a young man, you may indeed be already gives to all who know him the meanest 
better informed than those with whom opinion of his understanding, 
you associate ; you know something of . o 11^ not to that encaaatrm, 81ot!i T 
chew, and you therefore know that a With teeming «nile , ber palatable c«p 
moderate player will never become an B y standing grows insipid « and beware 
adept at the game, if he contends only The bottom, for ihere't poitoa in the lees ." 
with those who are inferior to himself ; 

so he who is contented with being thought In the winter months you may transfer 
learned by the ignorant, will be conscious this division of your time from the morn- 
of no stimulus to increase bis knowledge: ing to the evening, or reserve one hour 
he may be a giant among pigmies, but for each part of the day. 
moat himself be a pigmy among those I need not again mention those sub- 
wboae loftier stature of genius, and more jects of your study which I have already 
powerful grasp of comprehension, have particularised as peculiarly appertaining 
been formed by continued study and in- to the business of your station ; but it 
teilectual research ; and if by fortuitous may be useful for me to observe, that 
interest such an one rises above that lev- there are others which belong to what is 
el which far exceeds the just meed of bis called ornamental reading, that must not 
merit, he may fancy himself a great man, be omitted ; such as the works of our 
because he is invested with authority poets and essayists, and the acquiring a 
over others who have not bad to boast knowledge of foreign languages : the 
of so much adventitious support as him- latter you will find to be a much easier 
self; but, if his knowledge be not also task, after having obtained a competent 
above the level of those below him, be knowledge of Greek and Latin. You 
will at once be feared and despised. A will naturally conclude, my dear Q— , 
man of reading, on the contrary, is al- that I submit all this enumeration to 


Original Letters from a Father. 

[vol. % 

your peculiar turn of mind, and not mean 
to insist upon the dictate farther than 
your taste may decide. What I wish 
you to understand by it is, that at all 
events I am anxious for your employing 
a part of your leisure in gaining such 
knowledge as will always be useful and 
gratifying to yourself and others ; and 
without which you will find yourself 
shut out from the wisest and the most 
profitable associations in life, such as it 
is both honourable and praiseworthy in 
a young man to cultivate. Bacon, who 
is one of the essayists that I should earn- 
estly recommend you to read, as being 
in himself a host of original thought and 
practical precept, has the following pas- 
sage upon study, which I quote as ap- 
plicable to this part of my subject, more 
especially as blended with what has gone 
before : " Studies serve for delight, for 
ornament, and for ability. The chief 
use for delight is in privateness and re- 
tiring ; for ornament, is in discourse ; 
and for ability, is in the judgment and 
disposition of business. Crafty men 
contemn studies, simple men admire 
them, and wise men use them* Read- 
ing maketh a full man, conference a 
ready man, and writing an exact man : 
and therefore, if a man write little, he 
had need have a mat memory ; if he 
confer little, he had need have a present 
wit ; and if be read little, he had need 
have much cunning to seem to know that 
which he doth not** 

To combine all this useful application, 
I should wish you to make use of 
Locke's Common-place book, for the 
insertion of such passages of the authors 
which you read, as you may think most 
worthy of selection, and deserving of 
being impressed upon your particular at- 
tention. You will thus read with more 
advantage, and will secure to younclf a 
treasure of reference whenever you may 
desire to give weight to your own senti- 
ments by authorities which the world 
has long been in the habit of admitting 
as such. Besides, by this practice ideas 
will be furnished to your recollection, 
which will ffive a substance to your con- 
versation, that will render it worth the 
while of those with whom you converse 
to attend to what you say : the wise will 
listen to you with pleasure, from their 
conviction of your good sense^ and studi- 

ous application : and the less intelligent 
will hear you, with a grateful participa- 
tion in your knowledge. 

I now come to that part of the divi- 
sion of your time, which at our first in- 
troduction into life we are apt to consid- 
er as no lest important than those points 
which I have discussed ; and so it cer- 
tainly is, for more depends upon the 
arrangement of our amusements than we 
are perhaps at first aware of. The very 
meaning of the word recreation, which 
we use, as comprehending them all un- 
der one head, implies, that some portion 
of our time is necessary for that renova- 
tion of the mental powers which enables 
us to pursue our studies with more ef- 
fect, and to return to our occupations of 
business with more inclination to fulfil 
their respective duties; but then you 
will perceive, that this renovation is al- 
together opposite to that inconsiderate 
dissipation of our time, which disquali- 
fies us for all true relish of the one, and 
a conscientious discharge of the other. 

In my next letter, my dear G , I 

shall attempt to delineate those false no- 
tions of recreation, which young men of 
your condition in life are too apt to fbnn 
of it ; and to contrast them with those by 
which the judicious and virtuous part of 
society has more correctly characterised it. 

I am aware, my dear G , that the 

preceptive form of these letters may 
assume a less acceptable shape of admo- 
nition than what the lively impressions 
of a young mind may willingly acknow- 
ledge : but vou will reflect, that what is 
serious is sincere, and that nothing can 
be more serious or sincere than the pre- 
cepts of a father, which have for their 
object the welfare of his child ; because 
there cannot be a more solemn respon- 
sibility thnn that with which the former 
is invested by the Creator of both, or a 
more agonising remorse than that which 
will assuredly follow from dereliction of 
duty iu either. 

You will then accept my anxieties to 
acquit myself of my obligation, and al- 
low me to hope that you will take in 
good part what flows from the mo3t un- 
feigned wish to promote your happiness ; 
a feeling which, whether acknowledged 
or not by you, will never cease to actuate 
with the tenderest interest the mind and 
heart of Your affectionate father, W. 

Digitized by 


vol. 2.] Miscellanea.-— Prodigies. 55 


Te> fat Editor •/ the European Magazine. How hast thou fallen on our mountains? 
SIR, v How is the mighty low ? 

THERE is so striking a similarity be- which is not unlike the beautiful ex- 
tween the language of the author of clamation of David, when he bewailed 

Rasaelas, in describing the philosopher, the death of Saul and Jonathan : 

after the death of his child, as quoted in The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high 

your Number for May, and a passage P 1 *"* 5 bow are fce mighty fallen 1^^ ^ 

in the sublime book of Job, that it _ ••»",.* 

seems reasonable to suppose Dr. John- n ™ Thomas Moore s new work, Uli 

son selected it, for the purpose of giv- Rookh, he appears to have selected this 

ing so excellent an amphfication of the P* 888 ^ from Sterne : 

sentiments it contains M Th * accusing spirit which flew up to 

„T .? ! <* nuunSi m Heaven's cbancerv with the oath, blutbed as 

" Behold, thou hast instructed many, and hegaveitini and the recording angel who 

thou bast strengthened th%weak hands. wro te it down dropped a tear, and blotted it 

Thy words have opholden him that was out for ever." 

MU ?; ^lbo.l MM . b « oc th M edth e reeUe Md ^ ^ ^^^ ^ ^.^ 

But now it is come upon thee, and thou in poetical language, when, after des- 
JWntertj it toucheth tnee, and thou art ^^ the crim i na l life of one who 

Is not 'this thy fear, thy confidence, thy suddenly became repentant, and al- 

hope, and the uprightness of thy days.** luding to the record of his actions in 

Civ. v. 3-6. Heaven, he says, 

Virgil and Ossian were of two dif- there written, all, 

fereot ages and countries, and ignorant Black as the damning drops that fal 

of each other's existence; but there Fromthe denouncing Angel's pen, 

are two passages in their works of pre- Erc Mercy weeps them out again. 

risely the same import. Paradise and the Peri, 

Posmntf a^apeeee videntur. JE. 5. v. 931. * "7 B * * **■*». »•*» *> 

* . point out a forcible passage in Isaiah to 

Thus Englished by Dryden ; the consideration of a certain class of 

For they can conquer who beUeve they can. men, called monopolizers; of whom, 

They best succeed who dare. Fingal, R iii. ™ me m land ' 30fne in corn » and others 
*t_^l t ^ l ,0 different things, are ever busy in ac- 

Neither of the above two poets ever cnmu!atiDg . J 

sawthe .able; yet (W says, in the Wo ontf f ^ that . .„ ^ f0 ^ 

poem already mentioned, that lay field to field, till there be no place, 

Fallen is the arm of battle; the mighty {hat thev , nay be placed alone in the midst* 

amoog thevallaatislowl BooT?. *«*• y^ ^^ ** 

and ia that called the battle of Lora, 17//» .Trine, 1817. ' O. 


from the taropma Migaxla*. 

*"*%«!f«t!* flWm mWft * tiUjam/agm* die to my?elf the influence they obtained. 

Scout!*, fM4g vit* rathnes vertere possuit, aT *d the care with which they were con- 

PortwasfuetrntaomncstttrbareUmore. stantly expiated, I fell into a conteropla- 

Lccuet. Lib. 1. ^ on on the subjection of the human mind 

T HAD passed the evening over Livy, to whatever manifests itself in a shape be* 

^*- and was amusing myself by consider- yond the common course of nature. And 

ing the precision with which the prodigies as I ran over in my mind the battlesthat 

that eccurred are recorded in each ymr, have been decided by incidents that were 

and the detail of them given with as much judged ominous, the changes and entire 

regularity and gravity as the succession revolutions that have been effected in 

ofroagistrates,*while I was trying to recon- states bjr oracles and portents, and even 

Digitized by 





tbe , sects and divisions that have been what was declared a manifestation of the 
created io religion by the persuasion of anger, or a token of the will of their du* 
superior interference, I found it necessary, ties, to increase their veneration for those 
for the sake of defining th>" feeling more powers ; and they themselves, who made 
clearly, to confine myself to inquiring in- religion their policy, were frequently de- 
dividually into the cause of the subservi- prived of the prospects of their ambition 
•nee of mankind to what are called super- dv the indispensable duties of that reli- 
natural appearances. A sense of religion gion, and the expiations of those signs 
is undoubtedly the foundation on which which were held up to awe the people : 
this cause must be raised ; but it is reli- and the strict observance of these duties 
gion carried to excess, and degenerated became a necessity in confirming their 
to (hat sentiment which Lucretius implies, authority, as a magistrate who neglected 
that gives it immediate action. them was considered impious ; and we 

Tmuam rtUgio potuk ammUn malorum. find examples where disaster and infamy 

8ach were tbe ilk from rapentition sprung, followed those who ventured to despise 
We know not of any nation, however or omit them. In the modern world, 
barbarous, which has not an object of there are rash and impatient men, whose 
worship ; and it is an innate feeling in temper seldom alAws them to besuccess- 
every unenlightened people, to dread the ful, but in those ages their failure was at- 
Being they bow to as all-powerful : this tributed to the vengeance of the gods they 
itself would be a satisfactory explanation slighted. With a people thus impressed 
of the awe inspired into them by any and educated, it is natural enough that 
unlooked-for phenomenon, if it was only any thing uncommon should be worked 
a story of barbarous tradition, and we up into a miracle, and take possession of 
read of the terrors of an earthoj^ake or their senses so completely as to preclude 
meteor merely to smile at them : though them from searching it further than the 
these relations were transmitted through terror induced. But how is it that, living 
the most polished times of the Roman in a time so improved and enlightened 
Commonwealth, when their gods were no as the present, with every assistance of 
longer a bugbear, and they had even be- philosophy and science, the same terrors 
gun to doubt ; and they are given to the and the same weakness should possess an 
world by their latest writers with reve- almost equal influence ? We read of the 
rence, tho' sometimes qualified. Livy prodigies of former ages, we see many of 
has been cavilled at for the improbability them accounted for by our own philoso- 
of the stories be relates, notwithstanding phers, and many we disbelieve and ridi- 
he does not always vouch for their au- cule ; yet with all our wisdom and in- 
thenticity; and Tacitus is boldly accused credulity, tbe same extraordinary acci- 
of superstition on much the same ground, dents are retailed amongst ourselves, and 
But many of the prodigies recorded by the same dread expressed of their agency, 
the former are well known in our times, that we reproach with so little mercy ia 
have frequently occurred, and are become those who bad neither our extent of 
facts in philosophy; and while we im- knowledge nor our light of religion. Mdny 
pute the credit given at the time, to the stubborn sophists and grave commenta- 
most extravagant of them, to the impulse tors have enjoyed the laugh at poor Livy, 
of religious principle, we must recollect for venturing to assert that a cow spoke ; 
that, even in that early period, their no- yet our own chronicles, of not a very ra- 
tions of religion were wavering, and the mote date, have published the same uo- 
in novation of modern ceremonies more doubted fact, without contradiction. The 
than once obliged the government to ex- Roman says, on one occasion, it rained 
ercise the extremity of their authority. It flesh— every Christian admits the shower 
was the interest of the nobles, who retain- of Manna : and this is at least bread to 
ed the administration of the sacred offices his meat But to leave the levity of com- 
in* their own hands, to bind the people to parison, if we wish to flatter ourselves that 
their peculiar rites, and by the rigour we are past tbe age of credulity, there are, 
with which they punished every deviation unfortunately, jugglers and prophets ri- 
firom the established ceremonies, and the sing every day to bring us back to tbe 
solemnity of their sacrifices, to appease consciousness of its power. 

Digitized by 


vol. 3/] Mr. Lancaster on fur they IhprcvemtnUm B i im^tio^ & 

It is a little more than a century since curacy of the historian'; the truth oftt*J 
it waa thought necessary to provide spe- tory cannot unshackte us from credulity 
cial laws against the exercise of witch- and the most monstrous fables, if they 
craft ; and we look back with astonish- take us oh the side of religion, will be 
meat and horror on the persecutions suf- readily admitted by the mgottad'or eager* 
fered by inoffensive and ignorant beings, ly followed by the superstitious. IteftM 
under that imputation. Our legislature gion makes a man receive with respect 
has become ashamed of its folly; but whatever is supposed- to proceed from: 
still every village has its Witch, and tho r Divine Interference, but the firmness 'off 
it is no longer a breach of law for an old his sense assists him to detect the com*? 
woman to keep a cat, it has not ceased' motions of nature or the 1 falsehoods' of 
to render her obnoxious to' the taunts design ; white too etftbtlsiastfc 1 or wealf 
and hatred of her ignorant neighbours, disposition is involved in that degraded 
Religious events and ceremonies ark no sentiment, which exposes it td k the' ma^ 
longer interwoven into civil history ; the donations' of cunning, of the encroach* 
worship is sober and the sacrifice indi- intents of tyranny, and the man enfeebled 1 
vidual : oar annate seldom record' a by its weight, is unabl* to loot at an# 
thanksgiving or supplication, and we do question the phantom' that oyerpowerW 
not know how many have been driven to him. The dj3mal 'effects oftbis debase** 
church by a comet or an earthquake* But ment we witness in another country and 1 
if a Chronicler should appear emulous of a different worship ; but what is nearer 
the labours of Stowe and Hotinsbed, it to us, we see our own felfbw citteen* 
would startle us to see in the records of yielding every day' toridiciilous ■'feattf 1 
our own time — this year a mermaid was and ssststmg iri propagath%scanMoW 
seen — a ben laid miraculous eggs— a and absurd ^bricafions, from ' the 'sdme 1 
great sensation was excited among all impulse though with a different degtetf 
ranks of people by the asserted pregnan- of force. Tnese reflections will afford? 
cy of a woman turned sixty, and even the some apology for the Roman historians;' 
highest class were eager to purchase from in admitting incidents which may be! 
her passports to salvation — a prophet in considered as Intimately connected 1 with 
an obscure town chaunted the destruc- the conduct of their republic, and it is to, 
tion of the world, and his denunciation be considered that the same superstition* 
was spread over all Europe. Wonders which is softened into creduiW'now, 1 
of this sort would recur constantly to • will ever predominate in mrhro not 
•weH our histories, if it was found coo- strengthened by culture, and' itis-surefo: 
venient to apply them to political pur- be supplied with abundant fobbV when- 1 
poses, for the popular mind is and ever ever any purpose is to-be' answered by- 
will be swayed by preternatural occur- making use of it i every Via ve can pte- 1 
fences, and it will always prove the surest' tend to extraordinary powers, and' turn 
instrument in working on the imagina- the variations of nature into portents, for 
dons of the multitude. Nature has given which he will' not lack farue believers, and' 
ns a love for fiction, and we praise the each of his monsters 'may have, as Auto'-' 
invention of the poet more than the ac- licus says, •• three justices 9 hands to ft/* 




3»Me BMcroftke tttttUj, Mk^nhc. ferred.pnTetiOtrwd Ubottr to *«M' M& 

ATLOW^ the me- «nol«nent--«» wbkh I b« W beea d~> 

dium of thy pag2,to communicate ^ wuh »" "^"T d , f'' Til* 

to the public,, ^ X y«™ ; ^ «hjeh I »j«e «iv«^ 

a* oetfcdeof some resnte from my £ Md ia **™**S *•** I b«* b«« 

eeat l.boursinthecau»e ofeducatioo— a W|I,M, « ,0 , " e w ,0 dl * . 

cauae for the sake of which I have mc * h » ve 'ndesvoured; duiihg tHe Ja* 1 

1 Amww. Vel.S. - three year*, ia treveSta? <abote •tfwltt' 

igitized by 


Mr. Lanouter on further Improvements in Education. [vol. 2 

, to avail myself of the opportunities ter himself. Now these statement* all 
which intervals from visiting schools al- appear very paradoxical ; and the ques- 
lowed, to visit all manufactories which tion with the reflecting mind naturally is, 
might be open to me, and gather instruc- how they can be true. Yet that quest on 
tion, as the bee gathers honey, from every has for a considerable time been almost 
flower. In Great Britain, especially, a out of date, and the encomiums aovr 
vast field of instruction has thus been passed on the system are for its facility 
opened before me : my object in this and simplicity — the days of wonder are 

Kmuit has been, first, to see if I could passed away ; and yet, marked as the 
d mechanical inventions which, by a first statements made by me were, do 
different application from their present man has ever charged me with making a 
use, might extend the progress, by cheap- mystery of the system ; I gave it to the 
ening the materials used for education ; public freely, as soon as ever a publics* 
nor has my intention failed of its effect tion . was ready for press by subscrip* 
My second object was, to attain a perfect tion ; which enabled me to print 5500 
knowledge, by inspection of machinery, copies of my first book, for which I re- 
sold conversation with commercial men, ceived above 13001. and applied the pro- 
in matters relative to the objects of com- fits to advance the^public cause in which 
fesrcial education, and which I could on- I was, and am still, engaged. 
ly gather from such an authentic source. At present I have a subscription open 

I have also, endeavoured, not merely for another book, of which several hue- 
to travel as a teacher but as a learner ; dred copies are engaged for by most re* 
and, .while calling the public attention to epectable persons ; when the number 
the Lancasterian system of education, I comes to 2000 copies the work will in* 
have been endeavouring by continual at- stantly go to press. It will, in an appendix, 
tendon to the subject, practically to ap- contain an account of the new improve- 
ply its principles, and perfect its power, ments^he outlines of which are as follow: 
in such a manner as will prove it possess- 1. Lessons of every kind may be fur* 
ea greater facilities than has ever been nished for schools cheaper than formerly, 
imagined by its most zeajous friends. and better adapted to the end of instruc 

The results of which I now write will tion* The first particular by cheapening 
be admitted by all to be of high impor- and simplifying the material ; the second 
tanoe to the cause of education, if they is the result of arrangement, arising 
mm real : they are stated in a manner from more mature experience. 
paradoxically, for the sake of striking the 2. The copious variety of lessons to bt 
mind more impressively with their im- afforded by these inventions is beyond 
portance. But I anticipate that, when precedent or calculation — the expence 
fully known, the surprise will be, that continuing the same, but the variety of 
they nave not been found out before, and lessons almost endless. 
that such simple easy matters should 3. Language does not bound their 
have so long possessed powers of such powers — the application will answer for 
exteot, and not been rendered actively one language as well as another. The 
useful to mankind. lessons will answer for spelling, reading, 

When, I first commenced making and arithmetic — in one language as well 
known my system of education to the as another, and with nearly equal facility . 
public, 1 stated that one master could in every written language. The increase 
govern a school, however large ; that a of the powers of these materials of instruct 
simple principle of order would enable tion will apply to classic as icell as any 
him to govern hundreds of pupils, and other authors. 

thus ptepare for their instruction ; that 4. It seems, from the facility with 
one book would serve to teach a whole which any one school destitute of lessons 
school to spell, one book for reading, and may be provided, that it is possible that 
one for arithmetic; that 500 pupils the schools of a large empire may be sup- 
spigot write and speU at the same time, plied with lessons, in vast variety, at an ' 
and all together ; and that a boy who expense of a most moderate nature, and 
knew nothing about arithmetic, might, nearly with as much ease as the schools 
Oj^his system, teach it as well as the mas- of a Jorge metivpolis. 

Digitized by 


you *.] Locusts. &9 

5. To all lovers of their Bible, to all results are correct, a new lever is found 
who are anxious for the spreading of the wherewith to move the mental energies of 
•acred writings over the habitable earth, man, and promote the civilization of the 
it mil be a pleasure to learn, that these world* 

inventions will afford an almost indescri- Incredible as these things may appear, 
bable facility to spread copious extracts three or four words would imply a know- 
of the sacred writings, so as to enable any ledge of their powers, and a few page* 
missionary schoolmaster to supply his place them, from description, beyond a 
school or schools with extracts from the doubt ; and I am happy to assure the 
kcst of books, in any written language, reader they will be found as simple and 
or any dime of the world ; the variety cheap as correct and true, 
•ro/y limited by the boundaries of the Nor do I wish to conceal them one 
books used hour after the public shall enable me to. 

6. These inventions being especially publish them ; it only remains for the 
calculated to fix the attention of children, friends of education and their Bibles, to 
srimple in their use, and cheap in their aid the publication ; and, while the fair 
cost, will be adapted t6 private tuition in proceedings of it will be some pecuniary 
a small family, and also aid mothers in recompense for the time, study, and lose 
teaching very young children before they sustained in carrying these inventions to 
are of age to attend school, or have a perfection, I shall be happy to prove to 
teacher. • my country that, however I may have* 

7. With some little variety in the op- been rewarded for past exertions, the 
plication, these lessons will not only apply happiness of serving its youth, and ex- 
to every written language in the worta, tending similar blessings to every nation, 
living or dead, but they will equally an* kindred, tongue, and people, will be a 
vwerfor the blind, and be of essential reward beyond that man can give or take 
service to the deaf and dumb. away. 

8. As to lessons in writing, the same I remain, in the cause of education, 
application and benefit may be obtained the public's most devoted servant, 

as from reading, arithmetic, or other Southampton ; Jos. Lancaster. 
lessons. The reader will see ihat,if these 4th month (April), 9th, 1817. 


To the Editor of the Literary Panorama, tone, as if divided into two syllables, 

8, «V,™™rr^T^ . « ,. which (together with the religious lean- 

BSERVINO in your Panorama for ing of tne people) produces the notion 

Nov 18 16, some account of the lo- tbat they My «p HAWAH ,« While I 

custs of North America, I take the Kb- was but entering on the confines of the 

erty of writing you some additional no- tract of land which they then covered, I 

tices on that subject, winch seems to be couW distinguish the beginning and end 

a branch of entomology but Kttle known. tf ^ note of ^h 5,^ I .aw ; but in 

In the month of June, 1708, as I was a short space (a few miles) they were so 

crossing the State of Pennsylvania on numerous as to excite great attention ;tho* 

foot, having passed several of the ridges I still had formed no distinct idea what 

of mountains called properly the Apala- they-Vere. In two days journey after- 

chian mountains, my attention was at- wards, arriving at Pittsburg (at the head 

tracted by an unusual hum, or buzz in of the Ohio) f found the people all talk* 

the air ; and looking up I saw several ing of nothing else but the locusts, which 

large insects on the wing; they were indeed was no wonder, for they were so 

brown, and flew heavily ; about an inch numerous that the hum continued with* 

in length, and having four gauze-like out intermission the whole day, and by 

wings. Their note there is no describ- dint of numbers was disagreeably loud 

ing — it w^aa, rather long, and somewhat and importunate. — I did not then stay 
piercing— having a slight inflection of long in Pittsburg, but pursued my expe- 

Digitized by 



Natural History p/jtAe 4merican Locust 


dition down the Ohio to Reptucky r and 
returned in .about a month through the 
Ohio State (unsettled territory) to Pitts- 
burg again : the noise was far from be- 
ing over ; but I began to observe a phe- 
nomenon on the trees which I could not 
account for. Every tree whether in the 
Woods, brin the gardens, in the town or 
out of it, was hung with dead twigs, 
bating their leaves on, but dried and turn- 
ed of various colours like autumn. I en- 
quired of the people the reason of this 
appearance, and found that it was occa- 
sioned by the locusts. I was now 
anxious to examine the process of their 
ravages, and I found that twigs of the 
bat year's shoot were perforated to the 
pith, by holes in rows placed as near 
together as the teeth in. a fine ivory comb 
(and of course as small) and as many as 
Could be bored between the knots of the 
twig, in two or three places on each. 
On large trees some hundreds of twigs 
were so perforated, and in every bole 
was deposited an egg, or embryo of a 
maggot.-— Owing to the beat of the 
summer, the twigs so injured were killed, 
and twisting with the process of drying 
away, they hung as I have described, 
giving the woods a most singular and 
unnatural appearance. 

It may seem astonishing in the econo- 
my of nature as to the re-production of 
these creatures, but the larvae in every 
twig that dies, dies also ; nor could I 
find living maggots in any shrub or tree 
but only m the twigs of the sasufras ; 
these twigs being more tenacious of bfe, 
sustained the puncturing, without yielding 
to the drought ; I cut off many of them, 
and Slicing a small knife along the punc- 
tures, deeper than the bark, cut through a 
tow of sroal white maggots, which gave 
out a milky moisture. At the latter end 
of the year the locusts disappeared, and 
ho one considered bow, or what got them. 
~~They might perhaps, occupy a tract of 
land a^ont 1Q0 miles square. 

In the year 1800 1 was at Baltimore, 
and walking in Howard's park (in the 
beginning of June) at the back of that 
city, I observed innumerable boles under 
the trees (like the holes out of which our 
black beetles ante in spring,) and looking 
into the trees I perceived the under sides 
of their leave* filled with wingless insects 
wfaiflh scared toAbsen,-, every kaf that 

I could distinctly see had three or four 
on it In a few days the whole atmos- 
phere was alive with locusts, and the 
hum was loud and unceasing; the ex- 
uviae dropped speedily from the leaves, 
and lay under the trees in such quantities 
that bushels might soon have been 
gathered. I now perceived that the 
creatures made their way out of the earth, 
without wings, and crept up the trees* 
fastening themselves underneath the 
leaves, where in a short time they were 
perfected ; a suture then opened down 
the back, aqd the winged insect dropped 
out {certainly upon his yaings % ) being 
thenceforth a tenant of the air. This 
was the second light that I had the 
ppportunity of observing — but at a con- 
siderable distance from the first, and I 
bad no means of ascertaining how far 
they extended. Neither can i specify 
the period of their return — but I remem- 
ber their public papers called the insect 
the cicada septemdecem. 

I am afraid ft would be in vain to 
speculate from these imperfect notices, 
upon the mode of their reproduction, or 
the period they remain inactive, or the 
changes they may undergo. It appears 
to be certain that they become a maggot 
before winter sets in, but whether this . 
maggot (or grub) descends into the earth* 
I know not. 

I was at Carlisle (Pennsylvania) in 
1794, but not in 1706— but I passed 
through it in 1798 during the early pert 
of my excursion before named. It is 
probable that some tract or other of the v 
United States is every year visited bjr 
these swarms ; but I cannot agree with 
the statement in your extract of the 
locusts creeping immediately aid of their 
husks, ana hanging by titeir forc-feH 
like tallow candles ; the contrary is much 
more probable, and their exuviae will 
continue sticking under the leaves tome 
days after the insect has flown. — The 
holes they make in rising may be about 
three quarters of an inch in diameter, and 
the former error in that particular maybe 
an error of the press. 

If yon think this worth inserting you 
are welcome to it— and I may probably 
hereafter recollect some interesting pari 
ticolars relative to that country. 

%Htfte jo 17. * 

Digitized by 


w» 2.] Oil DmnJcewtm. m 


From tfce Suroptaa If^wi*. 

°i^r^a~%K^.. lotetheir ^""""E^*"^** 

BajtnruitB. JWireeeiW»,b»erir«*onBV -antftfcey wiB 
A» tfcetriaic M earth *> nor drstr.? m •<»«» «« <Mt while t*« liquor run ID. 
mot of the bm net, ooratirnate so If you ft ptaMiod -Mrtth MOat todfl* 

F you wish to be always thirsty, be a ta !? hd,, * d b y w T ow,rful »• ■«■*»"«• 
dr.nlmM ; for toe xrteoer end more . ? J"*" **** «"* * d * ?*« r matt f 


yo*drmk, Softener aod more thirsty wi^out knowing how, fee erfrwifem*} 

you will be. aild rt Wl " van * n insensibly. 

If you seek to prevent yoar friends **** *? uW haw «o resouice wheti 

wising you in the worioVbe b drunkard • P a8t ,abour but a woikhouse t be a drunk* 

fertbat will defeat all their efforts. ^; and you will be unable to provide any. 

Jfyou would effectuailycountermXyoar W J™ are d**™-"** to expel all do- 
own attempts to do tf«11,fe a eVun*^ *^»*™oay from your house, be a 
and you will not be disappointed. drunkard ; and discord, with all her evil 

If you wish to repel the endeavouis of l ""5? *** soon enter. 

lktw^b«ma*racemra^youiochar. ^you wmild *» always emder esron* 

•cler^i^it^wlpTOBperiiy>atirsmilKmi; *^cwn >a *«*»*; foMittle as you 

and you will roost assuredly triumph. * l ^f iB a ^ee that those who steal from 

If you are determined to be a W 6 ™**** ami famine* witt rob otfcers. 

*itmWrf; and you will soon be ragged V J 0U * ouid *» «Ju«d to the ne- 

aad pennyleae. ceasity of sbunamg your creditors, be a 

Ifyou would wish to starve yoti fan> *****"* ; «><* y™ wilt soon have res- 

iy, be a drunkard ; for that will con- 8on to P refer the *>ye-pa\hs to the pubhc 

sums the means or their support. __ ,., , 

If you would be spioged on by ^you like the smuswhents ofa court 

lames, be a %rimW ; ami that wilt of conscience, be a drunkard ; and you 

make their task easy, ma ? ** of * n 6»«w**- 

Ifyou wish <obei»bbed,be a drunk* ,f > u would be s dead weight on the 

awi; which will enable the thief to do community, and " cuniber the ground, 

it with mow safety. ■* a drunkard ; for that will render you 

Ifyoe wish to blunt your senses, be a ^^ helpless, burdensome, and ex- 

aVwuWrf ; and you will soon be more I^nawe. 

stupid than ma ass. " y° u woa *° °e a nuisance, be a- 

If yon would become a foot, be a ^?W ; ibr tlia approach of a drunk- 

oVimiwrd ,• «nd you will soon lose your ard » ,lk * *« tft duoghill. 

understanding " vou woo »d °e odious to your fam- 

If you wtBb to incapacitate yourself H , and ^ds, be a drunkard ; and you 

^o»ratkmaHi»taix:ourBe,he kdrunkard; wrtlaoon be more than disagreeable, 

for that wiU tender you wfeoUy unfit for it. « y ou would be a pest to society, be 

Ifyms wish all your prospects in life a ^f«ari ; and you will be avoided 

* be clouded, be a drunkard; and they a8 jnfectiou^ 

will aoon be dark enough ,f y° u dread -"^ormatioo of your 

Wyau would destroy your body, be a H** *• a <*™«&"* ; and you wiU be 

***kard; ^sdruokenness is themother "noervious to all admonition. 

of disease. " vou would amash windows, break 

Ifyou'mean to rain youraoul,bea *• pom* ftt your bones broken, tum- 

b**kard ; that yov may be excluded b,e ^^c* 1 ^ a «d horses, and be locked 

from Heaven. up in watch^Kmaes^beadi-ttniaro ; and 

If yon are 'resolved on snicide, be a U will be sUange if you do not mtcceed. 

drunkard} that being a sure mode of Finally, if you are determined tt> be 

dwtI ^ion. utterly destroyed, in estate, body, ami 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

Exotic Rowers and Fruits. 

[vol. % 

soul, be a drunkard ; and you will soon 
know that it is impossible to adopt a 
more effectual means to accomplish 
your — End. 

DauNKBNHBssexpeU reason— drowns 
the memory— defaces beauty— diminish- 
es strength- inflames the blood— causes 
internal, external, sod incurable wounds 
— Is a witch to the senses, a devil to 
the soul, a thief to the purse— the beg- 
gar's companion, a wife's woe, and chil- 
dren's sorrow— makes a strong man 
weak, and a wise man a fool. He is 
worse than a beast, and is a sell-murder- 

er, who drinks to other's good health, 
and robs himself of his own. 

Fly drunkenness, whose vile incontinence 
Takes both away the reason and the teoar, 
Till with Cfrc«afi cops thy mind potest, 
Leaves to be man, and wholly turns a beast 
Think. wbJU thoe swallow's! the cassises* 

Tboalefst in toss to wreck and drown the 

♦••Qaite leave this vice, and tarn not t**t 

Upon presumption of a stronger brain t 
For he that holds more wine than others tea, 
I rather comet a kogthmi taaa a man. 




4We are reminded of the literary pleasures of 
our youth in the appearance of a third vol- 
ume of Mr. (TlsraeWs Curiosities of 'Litera- 
ture. We remember no work, since their 
first appearance, that has cratifted oer pal* 
ate in an equal degree* They did not con- 
sist of sirloin and plum-podding, but they 
presented a feast of sweetmeats and delica- 
cies, derived from all seasous and countries, 
which were capable of gratifying a literary 
epicure. The present volume sparkles less 
with that vivacity of manner, woicb, in his 
former works, has sometimes been ascribed 
to the author a* a fault ; — in this feature he 
seems to have corrected himself, while, in 
bis discrimination of subjects, he has been 

?uite as happy as in his former volumes, 
lis entire table of contents is, in truth, a 
list of curiosities, and no book ever answer- 
ed better to its pretensions. The Historical 
Essay on Pantouiimical Characters. On 
Charles the First and bis Queen, ana on 
Licensers of the Press, are peculiarly pleas- 
ing and original ; the Anecdotes of Audley 
the Miser, of Feltou, and of Tea and Coffee, 
are rare and curious ; and the defences or 
Defoe, and of the partisans of Mary 8ioart, 
are jost and generous j while e? ery article 
is marked by the good taste of its criticisms, 
by the propriety of its selection, and by the 
parity and elegance of its style. Mr. d'|s- 
raeli has had many imitators, and he must 
expect to see many others, bet he will have 
tew rivals in this walk of literature. 
That we have not over-praised the labours of 
Mr. D' Israeli will be evident from the fol- 
lowing extracts.] 


THE great number of our exotic flow- 
ers and fruits Were carefully trans- 
ported into this country by many of our 
travelled nobility arid gentry; pome* 
Dames have been casually preserved. 
The learned Linaere first brought, on bis 
return from Italy, the damask-rose ; and 
Thomas Lord Cromwell, in the rei|» s>£. 
Henry VIII. enriched our fruit-gardens 

with three different plums. In the reiga 
of Elisabeth, Edward Grindal, attar- 
wards archbishop of Canterbury, re- 
turning from exile, transported here the 
medicinal plant of the Tamerisk : the first 
oranges appear to have been brought tsv 
to England by one of the Carew family ; 
for a century after, they still flourished 
at the family seat at Beddington, in 
Surrey. The cherry orctards ot Kent 
were first planted a^out Whiogbouroe, 
by a gardener of Henry VIII. : and the 
currant-bush was transported when our 
commerce with the Island of Zante was 
first opened in the same reign. To Sir 
Walter Hawleigh, we have not been 
indebted solely for the luxury of the 
tobacco -plant, but for that, infinitely 
useful root, which forms a part of our 
daily meal, and often the entire meal of 
the poor man — the potatoe, which de- 
served to have been called a Rawlcigk 
Sir Anthony Ashley first planted cab* 
bages in this coentry, and a cabbage at 
his feet appears on his monument - Sir 
tyivhard Weston first brought clover grass 
into England from Flanders, in 1645; 
and the figb planted by Cardinal Pole at 
Lambeth, so far back as the reign of 
Henry VIII. are said by Googh to be 
still remaining there; nor is this sur- 
prising, for Spilman, who set up the first 
paper-mill in England, at Dartford, in 
16SK), is said tq have brought over in bis 
portmanteau the two first lime-trees, 
which be planted here, and which are 
still growing, and worth feeing. The 

TOL *.] De FbSs « flotation Cm**? 69 

first mulberry-trees id this country are bints to the mature state, to which only 
low standing at Sion bouse. the genius of De Foe could have wrought 

The very names of many of our vege- it Captain Burney, in the fourth vol- 
table kingdom indicate their locality : ume of his •' voyages and discoveries to 
from the majestic Cedar of Lebanon, the South Sea, has arranged the evi- 
to the Small cos-lettuce, which came deoce in the clearest manner, and finally 
from the isle of Cos; the cherries from settled a point hitherto obscure and uu- 
CerasuAtts, a city of Pontus; the peach, certain. I have little to add; but, as 
or Persicum, or mala Pcrsica, Persican the origin of this universal book is not 
apples, from Persia ; the Pistachio, or likely to be sought for in Captain Bur- 
Fsittaciay is the Syrian word for that ney's valuable volumes of voyages, here 
nut. The cbeenut, or Chalaigne, in it may not be out of its place. 
French, and CqUagm in Italian, from The adventures of Selkirk are well 
Castagna, a town of Magnesia. Our known ; he was found on the desert 
plums coming chiefly from Syria and island of Juan Fernandez, where he had 
Damascus, the damson, or Damascene formerly been left, by Woodes Rogers 
plum, gives us a recollection of its distant and Edward Cooke, who in 171$ pub- 
origin, lished their voyages, and told the extra- 
Some lines at the close of Peacham's ordinary history of Crusoe's prototype, 
emblems give an idea of an English fruit* with all those curious and minute par- 
garden in 10 12. He mentions that ticulars which Selkirk had freely commu- 
eherries were not long known, and gives nicated to them. This narrative of it»» 
an origin to the name of Filbert self is extremely interesting ; and baa 
-T*e Persia* peach, and fruitful quince | *•" S^ 6 ? «**• fy Captain Burney ; it 
Aad there the forward alssond grew, may also be found in the Biograpbia Bn- 
WHb cherries known bo long tine since 5 tannica. 

Tfco winter warden, orchard's pride $ . In this artless narrative we may die- 

The pUHUrt that loves the vale, cover more than the embryo of Robinson 

Andredqaeesvapple, soenvide Crusoe.— The first appearance of Sel- 

Of ttbool-boies, passing by the pale," kirk, " a man cfctbed in goats' skins, who 

• looked more wild than the first owners of 

RQjINsoN causes, tnem# '! The two huts he had built, too 

Robihson Causoa, the favourite of one to dress his victuals, the other to 
the learned and the unlearned, of the sleep in ; his contrivance to get fire by 
youth and the adult ; the book that was rubbing two pieces of pimento wood to- 
to constitute the library of Rousseau's gather: ^distress for the want of bread 
Bmiliua, owes its secret ;charm to its and salt till he came to relish his meat 
beiog a new representation of human na- without either ; bis wearing out his shoes, 
ture, yet drawn from an existing state : till he grew so accustomed to be without 
this picture of self-education, self-in- them, that he could not for a long time 
qniry, self-happiness, is scarcely a fiction, afterwards, on his return home, use them 
although it includes all the magic ofro- without inconvenience; bis bedstead of 
maoce; and is not a mere narrative of his own contriving, and his bed of goat- 
truth, since it displays all the forcible ge- skins; when bis gun-powder failed, his 
nsos of one of the most original minds teaching himself by continual exercise to 
•or literature can boast. The history of run as swiftly as the goats ; his falling 
the work is therefore interesting. It was from a precipice in catching hold of a 
tested in the author's time as a mere idle goat, stunned and bruised, till, coming to 
romance, for the philosophy was not his senses, he found the goat dead under 
di sco vered in the story ; after his death him ; his taming kids to divert himself 
it was considered to nave been pillaged by dancing with them and his cats ; his 
from the papers of Alexander Selkirk, converting a nail into a needle; his 
confided to the author ; and the honour, sewing his goat-skins with little thongs 
a* well as the genius, of De Foe, were of the same; and, when his knife was 
alike questioned. worn to the back, contriving to make 

The entire history of this work of ge- blades out of some iron-hoops. His 
nitis may now be traced, from the first solacing himself in this solitude by sing- 

Digitized by 



Varied*: CVwsool, laavrwro, mdJSUimcd. 



tgpsahaas, and preoerwef asocial feati ay positicai wa rfarei condemned: i#" auftr 
i his fervent prayers And the hebi- imprisonment, and at length struck by a 
tatkm which Selkirk had raised, to reach* fit of apoplexy, this unhappy andunpros- 
whieh, they foUowed hint, ** with dnff- porous*aun of g e nius an hit recovery i*ee 
ouhy climbing up Mad creepingi dawn* reduced to a comparative state of sob- 
maayrocke, till they came* at last te * tude. To bit injured feetin^a and lonely 
pieaseeispot of ground, fuU of gsass aooV eootenplattone, Setkiek ia his desert iefe, 
of trees, where stood his two huts, and and Stnetcfo vivifying hint»ofam oc cu rred; 
bis numerous tame goals shewed his and to al I these we perhapeowe the in- 
solitary retreat;" aad, finally, his in-*- stsuctive and delightftil tate, which shews 
dih^reoce to return to a world, from man what he can- do- for himself, and 

which his feelings had bean so perfectly > what the fortitude of piety does for 
aned» — Such were the mt rede Even the personage of Friday is not 

materials of a new situation in human mere coinage of his brain ; a Mosquito* 
nature ; an European in a primeval state, iadiaa described by Dampier was the 
with the habits or mind of a savage. prototype; Bobinson Crusoe was not 

The year after this account was pub- maefeto-the weckl till 1719; seven years 
lished, Selkirk and his adventures at- after the publication of Selkirk s Adven- 
traoted the notice of Steele ; who was teres. Selkirk could have no claim on 
not likely to pass unobserved a man and Da Foe ; for be had only supplied the 
a story so strange and so new. In his man of genius with that which lies open> 
paper of •* the Englishman," Dec. 1713, to*aU; and which no one* had, or perbapr 
ae communicates further particulars of could have, converted into the wonder Mr 
Selkirk. Steele became acquainted with story we possess buit Db Fas himself, 
htm ; be says, that •• he could diacem Had De Foe not wcHten ttoetnaoa 
that he had been much separated from Crusoe, the name and story of Selkirk 
company, from his aspect and gesture, had been, passed ever tike others of the 
There was a strong but cheerful serious- same sort ; yet Selkirk has the merit of 
aess in his looks, and a certain disregard having detailed his own history, inn 
to the ordinary things about him, as if manner so interesting^ to have attracted 
be had been sunk in thought The man the notice of Steele, aid to have inspired 
frequently bewailed hi*, return to the the genius of De Foe. a> 
world, which >ceuld not, he said, with all After this, the originality of Robinson 
its. enjoyments, restore him to the tran- Crusoe will no longer be suspected ; and 
quillky of his solitude." Steele adds the idle tale which Dr. Beattie has re- 
aoother curious change in this wild man, peated of Selkirk having supplied the 
which occurred some time -after he had materials of his story to De Foe; from 
seen him. M Though 1 had frequently which our author borrowed bis work, 
conversed with him, after a few months and published for bis own profit, will be 
absence, he met me in the street, and, finally put to rest This is due to die 
though be spoke to me, I could not re* injured honour and the genius of DeFoe. 
collect that 1 bad. soan him. Familiar r»ti»r««n«*ta «*•««. 

converse in this town had taken off the. -•- 

le^linessofhiaaepecuand quite altered *omt*»m ********** 

the air of bis face/Be Foe could not NBW publications w jolt, 1817, ww* 
fail of being struck by these interesting critical rem ares* 

particulars of the character of Selkirk; Erance.. By Lady Morgan. 

of Steele, which threw the germ of that we cannot help thinking she would have 
Robinson Crusoe into the mind of De acted wi«ely ia suppressing the ebaltitiov at 

u»~~ «< t* -.«- ^r „~^* «.,.:«„:♦„ ner resentment against some of the reviewers 

Foe. " It was matter of great curiosity for the asperity with which they treated her 
to bear him, ,as he was a man of sense, early prod actions. This- would have been the 

irive an account of the difertnt revolu- ■»« advisable, as we fear there are tease 

f. . «w«"» # jr ^™7 thinn in the present performance which wjU 

sums vn hu own mmd aft thai, long safe fonftn ample icope for ttill severer criticism, 

£c t n Our satisfaction, nowe? er, at the tre 

The work of De Foe, howem w» £&?£&J&gt*2Z 

sudden ebuHjtion^ long engaged an egataeavead saeerstiitoas aaaceit w 


Digitized by 


¥ot.i.] Morgan'* «Fi*sW'--Go^^ M 

then by abrupt wnnsitieni to Souther an* 
Cowley, to Wordsworth end Mitten, that in 
the endless maae we forget our company, the 
rabjecte on which we have been engaged, and 
ore as glad to escape from the literary life 
and opinions of Mr. Coleridge, as we woald 
to the light of day from the darkened cell of a 
religion* enthusiast whose visions and prophe- 
cies have rendered confinement necessary «* 
himself and society. 


Rachel: a Tale. 

We were at a loss nnder what head to class 
(his excellent little piece ; and had some 
thoughts at first of airing it a place under the 
bead of romance ; out upon second considera- 
tion the book appeared to be too good for such 
an allotment, and not well knowing how to 
announce it, we have mentioned it here as ad- 
mirably calculated for female education. Hie 
story is staple, but forcibly Instructive, and 
exhibits, with great life, the contrast between 
affected sentiment and the sensibility of nature. 
TVre are also many valuable remarks scatter- 
ed t hrough out on the necessity of cot firming the 
art of pleasing, no less than of adhering firmly 
to the simplicity and candour of truth. 


Characters of Shakspeare's Plays. By 

William Hazlitt. 

We have long since been disgusted with the 
commentators and illustrators of Shakspeare, 
who continue, however, to swarm in abun- 
dance every season, as if there was something 
new to be said upon the genius of that immortal 
bard. The volume before us is a fresh ouspriOg 
of vanity, ami exhibits no other novelty than 
profaneness, of which we shall give an instance 
in what the critic saysof the wit of Falstaff:— 
" He carves out bis jokes as he would a canon 
or a haunch of venison, where there is cut and 
come again ; ami pours out upon them the oil 
of gladness. His tongue drops fetness, and in 
the chambers of his brain it snows of meat and 
drink. He keeps up perpetual holiday, and 
ojien bouse, and we live with him Jo a round 
of invitations to a rump and dosen." . 

Poor Shakspearc ! when will thy spirit be 
suffered to rest from the exorcising torture of 
critici*m ! To our readers, however, we owe 
perhaps an apology for this extract, in which 
it would be difficult to shew whether the 
blasphemy or the stupidity be most prevalent. 
In bis preface the author abuses Dr. Johnson 
as an ignoramus, who bad neither genius nor 
taste; but who measured every subject by a 
two foot rule, or counted it upon ten fingers. 
From the pns*a£c we have selected, and many 
others, we might with more reason infer, that 
the calumniator of the great moralist has no 
bigrter sense than that which is attracted by 
the charms of a full flask, or a rump and 
dozen I 

Louis XVIII. and a Husbandman of 
Gallarden, or a Narrative of the Extra- 
ordinary Cireumstandsi which have 
occurred respecting the Predictions of 
Thomas Ignatius Martin : his Exam- 
ination before the Bishop of Versailles 
and the Ministers of Police, &c. : and 
finally, his interview with the King. 

Our readers, no doubt, are already well ac- 
quainted with the story of the apparition of 

bos displayed while doing the honours of the 
table. The variety of anecdote here exhibited, 
and the characteristic sketches of manners and 
opinions, cannot but prove highly amusing to 
every eJnas of readers, whether acquainted 
wioh France or not < thouch we should have 
been much better pleased bad Lady Morgan 
told what she saw rather (ban what she felt, 
and bad been content with giving us the result 
of her own observations, instead of weakening 
them by adding the designing reports of others. 
We have been induced to make this remark, 
not from any wish to undervalue a work winch 
» on many accounts rich in statistical intel- 
ligence and entertaining description, but solely 
from a desire to render the useful matter which 
it contains more substantially beneficial. The 
performance is divided into eight books and 
four appendices; the former by Lady Morgan 
and the latter by her busband. The first book 
exhibits a view of the peasantry of France be- 
fore and since the Revolution, with mUch 
omen domestic manners, rural econonrv, and 
incidental subjects. The second and third* 
nooks are devoted to a more general view of 
society, with a larger portion of politics than 
one eoaldnswe wished. The three next books 
arc devoted to Paris; the seventh to the French 
theatre ; and the last to eminent and literary 
characters, among whom the principal is La 
Fayette, who appears to be a prime favourite 
with toe author. The Appendices by Sir 
Charles Morgan are on the state of law .finance, 
medicine, and political opinion in France; 
onon all which subjects much diligent inquiry 
has been employed, in a spirit ot strict can- 
dour with the obvious view of practical utHity. 

Biographia Literaria; or Biographical 
Sketches of my Literary Life and Opin- 
ion*, By S. T. Coleridge, esq. 

Self biography is a very delicate underta- 
king, and few instances can be mentioned 
wherein it has yielded satisfaction. The late 
Gilbert Wakefield, of learned but irascible 
memory, gave a sad example of the vanity of 
human wisdom, and Mr. Cumberland who was 
not a whit less irritable, published a memoir 
of himself in a much better spirit After all, 
however, the very act of drawing public at- 
tention to the private history of a man's own 
temper and studies savours so much of that 
srlf-importauce, happily ridiculed in the " Me- 
moirs of P. P. clerk of this Parish," we are 
sorry to see this practice taken np by any per- 
son of extensive knowledge and approved 
principles. But genius and madness are very 
nearly allied, and of the tenuity of the parti- 
tion the present volumes exhibit, we think, a 
melancholy illustration. Here and there some 
amusement and information will be found ; 
but the whole that is valuable is intermingled 
with sucb a cloudiness of metaphysical jargon 
lb the mystical language of the Platonists and 
schoolmen, of Kant and Jacob Bchmen, as to 
lose the good effect which it might have pro- 
duced bad it been presented with more simpli- 
city. One chapter upon the misfortune of 
snaking authorship a profession is worth all 
the rest ; but it is too short, and appears io 
disadvantage amidst disquisitions on poetry 
and the abstractions of the human intellect; 
the associations of ideas, and the progress of 
use doctrine of materialism. We are whirled 
about in such rapid confusion from Aristotle 
to Hobbes from Tbomas Aquinas to Hume, 

K Vol. 2. Atheseum. 

Digitized by 



Memoir* of the Baronets de Stael-Hsbtein. 

[vol. 4. 

th« arcbaage! Raphael, ■* the ftaavdiao of 
France, to a ploughman near Cbartres, and of 
the commission which the latter was entrusted 
to bear to the Ktag. The particulars are here 
narrated at length, and may he ainustng~- 
nay, perhaps edifying, to some credulous 
persons, whose faith will not be stageer<»d by 
an archangel's appearing out ot the usual 
oostmne, and taking upon himself the garb of 

a coaotry former, bmttonad up in a long great 
coot, and bis bead covered with a high crown- 
ed hat. This masquerade is totally contrary to 
all ancient usage, no less than to the Horaliaa 
rule j and yet the editor of the narrative has 
very gravely supported the credit and pro- 
priety of the incongruities which abound to 
the tale by scriptural authorities, and among 
the rest, toe apocryphal story of TobiL 


rfcm U» New Moatkly Mtgixit*. 


f rWIS lady, whose literary .performan- 
-*- ces have ranked her as one of the 
first, if not the very first, of the female 
writers of the age, was the daughter of 
the celebrated minister Necker. She was 
born ia 1768, at Paris, where she was 
educated under the immediate superinten- 
dence of her parents. She had not reach- 
ed her tenth year, when her father, who 
had acquired a considerable fortune as a 
partner in the house of a banker named 
Tbellusson, and who, by some political 
pamphlets, . particularly an eulogy of 
Colbert, which was crowned by the 
French Academy, bad acquired an in- 
cipient celebrity, was appointed to the 
directorship of the finances of France un- 
der Lewis XVI. Her mother, Susan 
Curchod, who had attracted the admira- 
tion of Gibbon during his residence in 
Switzerland, was the daughter of a Pro- 
testant clergyman. A virtuous education 
and solitary studies, says Marmontel, 
adorned her mind with all that instruc- 
tion can add to an excellent understand- 
ing. She had no fault but a too passion- 
ate attachment to literature and an un- 
bounded desire of obtaining a great ce- 
lebrity for herself and her husband. 

No sooner was M. Necker appointed 
to the management of the finances, than 
Madame Necker made bis power serve 
to enlarge the exercise of her active be- 
nevolence. She contributed to the im- 
provement of the internal regulations of 
the in6rmarjes of the metropolis, and un- 
dertook the special superintendence of a 
hospital which she founded at her own 
expense, near Paris, and which became 
the model of foundations of that kind. 
All her literary productions attest ber 
care for suffering humanity. Her Essay 
on too precipitate Burials, her Observa- 

tions on the founding of Hospitals, and 
her Thoughts on Dicoixe, breathe an ar- 
dent zeal for the happiness of her fellow- 
creatures; and her sentiments were 
always iu unison with her writings. 

To make her husband known, and to 
gain him the favour of literary men, the 
dispensers of fame, Madame Necker 
formed a literary society, which used to 
meet once a week at her house. Besides 
TJiomas, Buffon, Diderot, Marmontel, 
Saint Lambert^ aud other ceebrated 
writers who attended these meetings, 
they were honoured with the presence of 
the most distinguished residents ot foreign 
courts, and among others of the Count de 
Creutz, the Swedish ambassador, whose 
mild philosophy, modest virtue, and em- 
inent talents, every where received aa 
equal share of esteem and admiration. 

But, of all the academicians with 
whom Madame Necker associated, iu 
order to strengthen her mind by the aid 
of their genius, she placed none upon a 
level with TJwmas anci Bujfon. The 
former she used to call the man of the 
age, and the latter, the man of alt age$* 
The veneration and attachment she felt 
for these two persons, bordered on adora- 
tion ; she considered their authority a& 
part of her creed. It was particularly in 
the school of 'I homos, a school so fertile 
in tinsel wit and confused metaphysics, 
that she became a slave to that aflecteci 
style which, as it is continually aiming at 
elevation and grandeur, conceals her 
amiable mind, and fatigues, without in- 
teresting the reader. 

Under the guidance of such a parent, 
her daughter acquired with ease, that va- 
riety of knowledge which astonishes in 
ber writings, and that brilliant superiority 
of style which renders them so delightful. 

Digitized by 


vol. 2.] Memoirs of the Baroness deSldSI'Holstein. 67 

■otwithstanding a degree of affectation in conversation. She spoke little, but in 
which they occasionally betray. Charm- aphorisms, and with the e?ident intention 
ed with their early display, her parents to produce effect. The unhappy anxie- 
neglected nothing to cultivate her talents, ty to becomS renowned, which she derived 
Tney were soon enabled to devote all from her fiither, and the pedantic tone- 
their time to this object in a rural retreat which she could not help contracting in 

Her father, impelled by an eager de- the society of her mother and M. Tho-' 
sire to become eminent, which torment- mas, must no doubt have been disagre- 
ed him during the whole course of bis able to a man, simple and unaffected in 
lile, published the Account rendered to his words and actions. But it was chief- 
the King of his administration ; and ly the fpeat superiority of her talents 
availing himself of the unexampled ap- over those of the Baron, that soon de- 
plause with which it wasreceived through- stroyed that happy harmony which reignt 
out France, demanded to be admitted among couples more equally allied in this 
into the privy council. In vain his re- respect. The distance was indeed im- 
hgion was urged as an obstacle. He mense. The Baron had even few of 
flattered himself that the fear of losing those • light graces by means of which 
him would overcome this religious scru- French vivacity frequently conceals a 
pie : he threatened to resign ; but he want of intellectual resources. 
became the victim of his presumption. It was, however, in consequence of 
His resignation was accepted on the this marriage, that Necker settled again 
35th of May, 1781. He retired to in France, at a time when the prodigality 
Switzerland, where he purchased the of his successor must necessarily have 
baronial estate of Copet, and he there increased his reputation. But as M. de 
published his work On the Administra- Calonne had attacked the veracity of his 
Hon of fJie Finances. Account presented to the Kmg, in the 

Alter a few years, Necker reappeared speech he pronounced at tho opening of 
occasionally at Paris. Those of his the meeting of the Notables in 1787, 
friends who were really such, and not Necker sent a justification of this account 
the friends of his situation, visited his to LouirXVf. ; and although the mon- 
honse as they had done while he was in arch expressly desired that it might 
office. Count de Creutz introduced to not become known, his love of import- 
him the Baron de Stael Holstein, who ance and glory could not keep him from 
was attached to the Swedish embassy, publishing it. As soon as the king was 
and the latter was immediately admitted informed that his answer to the speech 
into Necker s society. Young and of Calonne was printed, he banished him 
handsome, be had the good fortune to to the distance of forty leagues from Pa- 
please his daughter. The King of Swe- ris. The Baroness de Stael, who in 
oVu shortly after recalled Count de the month of August of the same year 
Creutz to place him at the head of the had given birth to a daughter, accompa- 
department of foreign affairs, in his own nied" her father in bis exile. It lasted 
country, and he was succeeded by the only four months. On the 25th of Au- 
Baron, who soon became the husband gust, 1788, the king recalled Necker 
of a rich heiress who had been courted in into administration immediately after he 
vain by many French noblemen. ' His had published his work On the Import- 
happiness, however, was not much to be ance of Religions* Opinions. 
envied ; not that Madame de Stael was The period of this second ministerial 
without attractions. Her person, though reign, which on the 11th of July 1789, 
not handsome, was pleasing ; her de- ended in a second evil, is the time when 
pertinent dignified. She was of the Madame de Stael entered the path of lit— 
middle size, graceful in* her expressions eratnre, She began with some Letters 
and in her manners. She had much vi- on tfte Writings and Character of J. J. 
vacity in her eyes, and much acuteness in Rousseau, which met with deserved ap- 
her countenance, which seemed to height- plause. Before she had reached the age 
en the pointed wit of her remarks. Her of twenty, she had tried her talent in 
faults consisted in too great a carelessness writing three short novels, which she 
in dress, and an extreme desire of shining printed at Lausanne in 1795, with an 

Digitized by 



jlfan*tr»qfa* Bartmm * SofcHefcaeta. 


Earn on Fictions and t poetic Epistle her husband, they wert still wearing the 
to Misfortuoe, composed during the ty- same dress in which, after the grand dtn- 
raany of Robespierre and bis iofiunooa ner, during which no one had suspected 
coadjutors ; the whole under the title of their agitation, they had silently quitted 
a Ctilection *f detachtd Pieces. In one France, their home, and their friends. 
of these novels, called Mima, Madame Necker set off from Brussels aocompa* 
de Steel appears to hare anticipated the nied only by the Baron deStagl, to go 
plan which the African Society of London to Basle through Germany. Madame 
is now endeavouring to realise. She Necker and the Baroness de Siael sol- 
makes a traveller in Senegal relate that lowed. They were overtaken at Franc- 
" the governor had induced anjgro fa- fort by letters from the king and the 
raily to settle at the distance of a few national assembly, which recalled Necker 
leagues, in order to establish a p&aata- for a third time iato administration. As 
tion similar to those of St. Domingo; soon as Madame de Stass and her mother 
hoping, no doubt that such an example had joiaed him at Basle, he resolved to 
would excite the Africans to raise sugar, return to France. This jouraey from 
and that a free trade with this commo- Basle to Paris wss the most interesting 
dity in their owu country would leave moment of Madame de Steele life, 
no inducement to Europeans to snslch Her father was as it were borne » 
them from their native »oil,in order to sub- triumph, and she anticipated for the 
ject them to the dreadful yoke of slavery." future none but happy days. 

This publication was followed by her Bat these deceitful hopes soon vanish- 
Buays on Fictions, in which she has en- ed. During the fifteen months of his 
deevoured to prove, that novels, which being in office for the last time, Necker 
should give a sagacious, eloquent, pro- was constantly involved in a fruitless 
found, and moral picture of real life, struggle in behalf of the executive power, 
would be the most useful of all kinds of and as be saw no prospect of beiog 
fictions. The imitation of truth con- useful, he retired to his estates at Copet 
stanily produces greater effects than are towards the end of 1760. Madame de 
produced by supernatural means. She Steel shortly after followed him thither, 
disapproves of novels founded upon She returned to Paris in (he first months 
historical acts. She pleads for natural of 1791, and took perhaps a more lively 
fictions, and wishes to see the gift of concern in the political events of the day 
exciting emotions applied to the pas- than became the wife of a foreign am- 
sions of all ages— to the duties of all bassador. It has even been asserted, 
situations. But she was not long per* that, moved by the misfortunes with 
raitted to enjoy her first literary sue- which Louis XVI. was threatened, she 
cesses in peace. The crisis of the re- formed the project of saving him by 
volution, which embittered her life, was affording him a secret retreat at an ee- 
fast approaching. tate of the Duke of Orleans in Normaa- 

On the 11th of July, 1789, her father dy, which was then to be disposed of; 
was going to sit down to table with se- but the king preferred to entrust himself 
veral guests, when the secretary of state to Count de Fersen, and took the road 
for the naval department came to him, to Mootmedta. She has also been re- 
took him aside, and delivered to him a proached for her intimacy with Tal ley- 
letter from the king, which commanded rand, Noaillee, the Lametbt, Barneva, 
trim to resign and to quit the French Count Louis de Narbonne, Verginaud, 
territory in silence. Madame Necker, and other distinguished members of the 
whose health was rather precarious, did constituent and first legislative assemblies; 
not take with ber any domestic, nor any and it has been said that she accompanied 
change of apparel, that their departure Count Narbonne on his circuit to inspect 
might not be suspected. They made the fortresses of the frontiers, immedi- 
use of the carriage in which they gone- ately after his having been "called to the 
rally took a ride in the evening, and head of the war department towards the 
hastened cowards night and dsy to Brus- end of 1791. Be this as it may, it is cer- 
sels. When the Baroness de Stael tain that she continued at Paris with her 
joined them three days afterwards with husband till the reign of terror. It was 

Digitized by 


tt>l. a.] Mmmnnftht Baroness is StaSLHol***. 09 

not till 1793 that she fled with bin* to work has beep acknowledged alike in 

Copet, and thence came to England, France, in England, and in Germany. It 

where she resided several month*. They abound in interesting remarks, and views 

did not return toFrance till the year 1795, many objeott in a novel and striking 

alter the Duke of Sudennania, regent of manner. Its style is elegant throughout, 

the kingdom of Sweden, during the mi- and but very rarely obseure. It was 

nofity of the unfortunate Gustavus Adol- translated into English in 1798. 
phus IV., bad appointed Baron de Stael Madame de Stael was with ber rather 

his ambassador to the French Republic, at Copet when the French troops entered 

It was also nearly about this time that Switzerland. By one of the decrees 

Madame de Stael published her Thought* passed during the reign of terror, Neeker, 

oft Peace, addressed to Mr. PUt and the although an alien, had been placed on 

jFrenca Peepat*ft> which Sir F. d*I vemoia the Hat of emigrants, and any one whoso 

replied by his Thoughts en War. name was on tbst fatal list was to be 

It is possible that, born with a lively condemned to death if found on a terri- 
disposition, and anxiously wishing for tory occupied bf tlse French armies. But 
the return of order and tranquillity. Ma- the French generals shewed htm the 
dame de Stael frequently everted all her most respectful regard, and the Directory 
e l oqu ence to animate her friends in those afterwards erased bis name from the list, 
disastrous times, to put an end to troubles This moderation induced Madame de 
that were continually renewed. In Stael to repair once more to ber husband 
1705, Legeodre, that Parisian butcher, in France. But at the end of a few 
who was the friend of Marat, Dan ton, months, weary of the various perseou* 
and Robespierre, declaimed more than tions to which she was unceasingly ex- 
once against ber as being at the head of posed, she hastened back to ber father, 
the intrigues that had a tendency to mo- upbraiding herself for being unable to live 
deration. She says somewhere in her like him in *olitude,and to exist without that 
work on literature : M If, to heighten her competition of thoughts and glory which 
miafortoae, it were in the midst of po- doubles our existence and our powers, 
litieal dissensions that a female should In 1798 the declining health of Baron 
acquire a remarkable celebrity, her in- de Stael again called his wife to Paris, 
flueuce would be supposed unbounded, where be expired in her aims. About 
though null in reality ; she would b* ae- this time she published a work On the 
cosed of the deeds of her friends ; she Influence of Revolutions upon Lrtera- 
would be hated for whatever is dear to ture ; and a dramatic piece of her com- 
ber, and the defenceless objects would position entitled, The Secret Sentiment. 
be attacked in preference to those who After the death of her husband sh* spent 
ought yet to be feared :" and it was her the greatest part of her time with ber 
own experience which suggested these father at Copet and Lausanne, 
expressions. Madame de Stael had felt In 1 800, when Buonaparte passed 
what she complains of ; during the in- through Geneva, be had the curiosity to 
ternel dissensions of France she was visit Neeker at Copet, where Madame 
crushed by aH parties, astonished to find de Stael happened to be with her father, 
ber an interested bystander during the The ioterview was not long, but it has 
conflict of their passions. been reported that Madame de Steel re* 

The last illness of her mother recslled quested a private audience, during which 

her to Copet. To assuage her grief for she spoke to the First Consul of the 

the loss of a parent, and to repel the powerful means which his situation af- 

malkioos attacks to which she was ex- forded him to provide for the happiness 

posed for opinions which were not hers, of France ; and made an eloquent d?s- 

Madame de Stael composed at Lau- play of some plans of her own, which 

serine the first part of a philosophical she thought particularly calculated to no* 
essay On the Influence of the Passions complies this object. Buonaparte ap- 
upon the Happiness of lndmdvtds and peered to give her an attentive bearing : 

Nations, which she published at Paris io but when she bad done speaking he sar- 
1 7P0, and of which she printed the sec- castically asked * — ♦• Who educates your 
ond part in 1797. The merit of this children, madam ?" 

Digitized by 


70 Memoirs of the Baronea de Slacl-Holdei*. [vol. i 

It w« chiefly in Switzerland that Ma- father at Geneva, on the 9th of April, 

dame de Stael wrote the novel called 1804. 8oon after this event she selected 

Delphine, which was printed at Geneva the most interesting of his papers, aod 

in 1812. The moral object of this novel published them at Geneva in 1804, with 

has been equally censured in France, a short account of his character and pri* 

England and Germany ; and yet it has vate life, under the title of Mumucript* 

been read every where with the same of Mr. Necker ; published by hk 

eagerness. Daughter, She took care to insert in 

Madame de Stael could not habituate them a compliment paid to the character 
herself to live in a country of which she of Buonaparte. But this flattery pro- 
was not a native, and where sciences are duced no alteration in the disposition of 
much more cultivated than literature, the First Consul* towards Madame de 
Her father perceived her struggles be- Stael. The sentence of her banishment 
tween her predilection for the bril- was not revoked, and the novel of Com* 
liant societies of Paris and the sorrow no, which appeared soon after his eleva- 
she felt at the idea of leaving him, and en- tion to the imperial throne, rendered it 
couraged her partiality for France. Ac- irrevocable. 

tuated probably by the secret desire of Madame de Stael, now determined to 
shining at the court of the First Consul, travel, visited Italy. To this journey 
or at least of collecting in the French the world is indebted for Corinna or 
metropolis the meed of praise due to her Italy, which is considered as the most 
literary successeajifhe easily yielded to splendid monument of the taste, emdi- 
the persuasions of her father, and re-ap- tion, lively sensibility, and ardent imagi- 
peared at Pari* in 1803. But her resi- nation of its author, 
dence in that city was not of long dura- After the completion of this work Ma- 
tion. Whether the activity of her supe- dame de 8tael resided sometime at Jena, 
rior genius was still feared, or she had where in the society of some of the moit 
ventured too sarcastic observations upon eminent scholars she devoted her atten- 
tive events of the day, or whether the tion to the study of the literature, philo- 
First Consul had so little generosity as sopby, and manners of Germany, with a 
to revenge himself on the daughter for a view to qualify herself to exhibit a pie- 
work published against the consular ^ov- tureof them to her countrymen. Mean- 
ernment by the father, Buonaparte soon while she undertook the modest office of 
pronounced against her a sentence of an editor, and published two volumes of 
banishment to the distance of forty Letters and Reflection* of the Prince de 
leagues from Paris ; and it has been re- Ligne y which were translated into Eog- 
ported that Madame de Stael had the lish by Mr. D. Boileau. Driven from 
firmness to say to him : ** You are giv- Germany by the military operations in 
ing me a cruel celebrity ; I shall occupy 1813, Madame de Stael repaired to Swe- 
a line in your history." den, and at Stockholm formed a close in- 

Madame de Stael at first retired 1o timacy with the Crown Prince, Berna- 

Auxerre ; but not meeting with suitable dotte, to whom she dedicated in a very 

society, she removed to Rouen. As this flattering style an Estay on Suicide. The 

city is only thirty-two leagues from Pa- result of her observations on Germany 

m, she fancied she might draw a little had meanwhile been printed at Paris un- 

nearer to the metropolis, and took a der the title of De I AUemagne, in three 

house in the valley of Montmorency ; but 8vo. volumes, but the whole edition was 

the French government ordered her to destroyed by command of Buonaparte, 

withdraw withjn the limtte assigned in As England now offered the only market 

the sentence of her exile. She then set where she was likely to obtain a suitable 

out attended by her eldest daughter and remuneration for her labour, the author 

accompanied by M. Benjamin Constant, passed from Sweden to this country. 

for Francfort, and thence proceeded to Here she is said to have received up- 

Berlin, where she formed the plan of her wards of 2,0001. for her work, and it ac- 

work on Germany. From that capital eordingly appeared during her residence 

she was summoned by the death of her in Loadon in French and English. The 

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; Google 

▼ou 2.] Life of William Button.— Mob Law. 71 

restoration of Louis XVIII. terminated had opportunities of exercising tltefacul- 
the bog exile of Madame de Stael, and ly of enjoyment, which she possessed in a 
abe joyfully repaired to Paris, which was superior degree to amy other person. Her 
in truth her proper sphere, where her life was altogether poetical. — We are 
peculiar taleots were calculated to pro- not disposed to question the general ac- 
duee the greatest effect and to be best curacy of this picture. That Madame 
appreciated Her house became the de Stael possessed a high cultivated 
rendezvous of persons the most distin- mind, and talents of the first order, fame, 
guished in the career of literature and and fortune, cannot be disputed. The 
politics ; and she had the satisfaction productions of her superior genius entitle 
not long since to unite her eldest daugh- her to onr admiration : but that coo- 
ler to the Due de Broglto, a peer of tempt which, if we are rightly informed, 
France. Her death took place after a she manifested through life for all that, 
long illness, July 1 6, in her 49th year, according to our old-fashioned morality, 
A Paris paper, in giving a sort of is estimable in the female character — that 
sketch of the character of this lady, ob- eagerness with which she seized every 
serves: — " The life of Madame de Stael opportunity to gratify desire, to unite 
has been of short duration, but it has herself with every illustrious person of 
been embellished by every thing that can her age, and to exercise the faculty of 
gratify desire. Possessed of fame, ho- enjoyment — as her panegyrist expresses 
mage, and a fortune which enabled her it — are qualities which, however amiable 
to traverse and inhabit the most delight- they may appear, in France, will, we 
ful regions of the earth ; united with trust, never become naturalized among 
tvery illustrious person of Iter age ; she the fair females of our own country. 



the riots op Birmingham. not make this remark without having 
^W^HE fatal 14th of July was now ar- heard hostile expressions fall from the gen- 
-■• rived ; a day that will mark Bir- tlemen,wbich proves a preconcerted plan, 
roingham with disgrace for ages to come. It was now between eight and nine, 
The laws had lost their protection, every the numbers of the mob were increased, 
security of the inhabitants was given up, their spirits were inflamed. Dr. Priest- 
the black fiends of hell were whistled to- ley was sought for, but he had not dined 
getber, and let loose for unmerited de- at the hotel. The magistrates who had 
struction. She has reason to keep that dined at the Swan, a neighbouring ta- 
anni versary in sackcloth and ashes. About vern, by way of counterbalance, huzzaed 
eighty persons of various denominations^jC^wrcA and King, waving their hats, 
dined together at the hotel. Durinfr dftv which inspired fresh vigour into the mob, 
ner, which was short, perhepS^fom three so that they verily thought and often de- 
to five o'clock, the infant mob collected clared, (hey acted with the approbation 
under the auspices of a few in elevated at least of the higher powers, and that 
life, began with hootiug, crying Church what they did was right. The windows 
and King, and broke the hotel windows, of the hotel being broken, a gentleman 
As Mr. ChnTingworth walked by the said, "You have done mischief enough 
hotel early in the afternoon of the 14th, here, go to the meetings." A simple re- 
twenty or thirty people were assembled, mark, and almost without a precise 
all quiet : he heard one of the town- meaning, but it involved a dreadful com- 
beadles say to another, " this will be binalion of ideas. There was no need 
such a day as we never saw." *' Why to say, " Go and burn the meetings." 
so?" says Chillingworth. After repeated The mob marched down Bull -street tin- 
inquiries, one of them replied, •* The der the smiles of magistrates. It has 
gentlemen will not suffer this treatment been said that these were compelled to 
from the presbyterians ; they will be echo the cry of the multitude, but it is 
pissed on no longer." The beadle* ecu Id not wholly true. 

Digitized by 



Mob Law. 


The New Meeting was broken open 
without ceremony ; the pews, cushions, 
books, and polpit were dashed (o pieces ; 
and, in half an hour, the whole was in a 
blaze, while the savage multitude re- 
joiced at the view. 

The Old Meeting was the next mark 
of the mob. This underwent the fate of 
the New: and here again a system 
seems to have been adopted, lor the 
engines were suffered to playupon the 
adjoining houses to prevent their taking 
fire, but not upon the meeting-house, 
which was levelled with the ground. 

The mob then undertook a march of 
more than a mile, to the house of Dr. 
Priestley, which was plundered and 
burnt without mercy, the doctor and bis 
family barely escaping. Exclusive of 
the furniture, a very Urge and valuable 
library was destroyed, the collection of a 
long and assiduous life. 

But the greatest loss that Dr. Priest- 
ley sustained, was in the destruction of 
his philosophical apparatus, and his re- 
marks. These can never be replaced. 
I am inclined to think he would not have 
destroyed his apparatus and manuscripts 
for any sum of money that could have 
been offered him. His love to man was 
great, his usefulness greater. I have 
been informed by the faculty that his ex- 
perimental discoveries on air, applied to 
medical purposes, have preserved the 
lives of thousands ; and, in return, he 
can scarcely preserve his own. 

Breaking the windows of the hotel, 
burning the two meeting-houses, and Dr. 
Priestley's, finished the dreadful work of 
Thursday night. To all this T was a per- 
fect stranger, for I had left the town early 
in the evening, and slept in the country. 
When I arose the next morning, July 
15, my servant told me what had hap- 
pened. I was inclined to believe it only 
a report ; but, coming to the town, I 
found it a melancholy truth, and matters 
wore an unfavourable aspect, for one 
mob cannot continue long unactive, and 
there were two or three floating up and 
down, seeking whom they might devour, 
though I was not under the least appre- 
hension of danger to myself. The af- 
frighted inhabitants came in bodies to 
ask my opinion. As the danger admitted 
of no delay, I gave this short answer : 

" Apply to the ritegiswatee, aod mpsii 
four things. To swear in as many cot- 
stables as art willing, and ann then ; to 
apply to the commanding officer of the 
recruiting parties for his asrietaace ; to 
apply to Lord Beaucbamato caH eat the 
militia to the neigh boor hood ; audio 
write to the Secretary at War for a a*k- 
tary for©*." What became of my four 
biota is uncertain, but Che result proved 
they were lost. 

Towards noon a body of near a thou- 
sand attacked the mansion of my friend 
John Ryland, Esq, at Easy-hiiL Hs 
was not at the dinner. Every room was 
entered with eagerne s s ; but the cellar, 
in which were wines to the amoaatef 
SOOt., with forooity. Hera they regales 
till the roof foil in with thoiamea, and 
six or seven lost their lives. I was ear* 
prieed at this rude attack, fori considered 
Mr. Rylandaa a friend to tan wh a l e fca- 
man race. Hs had done morn pabhc 
business than any other within my know* 
ledge, and not only without a reward, 
but without a fault. I thought au obe- 
lisk ought rather to have been raised to 
his own honour, than his house burnt 
down to the disgrace of others. 

About this time a person approached 
me in tears, and told me, " my boose 
was condemned to fall." As I bad 
never, with design, offended any man, 
nor heard any allegations against my con- 
duct, I could not credit the information. 
Being no man's enemy, I could not be- 
lieve I had an enemy myself. I 
thought the people, who bad knows me 
forty years, esteemed me too much to 
injure me. But I drew from lair prem- 
ises false conclusions. My fellow-suffer- 
ers had been guilty of one fault, but I of 
two. I was not only a dissenter, but an 
active commissioner in the Court of 
Requests. With regard to the first, my 
sentiments were never rigid. There 
seems to me as much reason to allow for 
a difference of opinion as of face. Nature 
never designed to make two things alike. 
Whoever will take the trouble to read 
my works, will neither find a persecut- 
ing, disloyal, or republican thought. In 
the office of commissioner, I studied the 
good of others, not my own. Three 
points I ever kept in view : to keep order, 
do justice tempered with lenity, and corn- 

Digitized by 


vol. &] Life o/oW *mmtb fV#w* ttutto*. 7* 

worn ds&iewcc*. Armed with y t w ir, half an hour I found *n eie-ecote egrinsf 
I have put a period to thousand* of dm of 320 gallons, 
quarrels, have softened the rugged tern* About five this evening, Friday, I had 
pere of devouring antagonists* and, with- retreated to my bouse at Bonnet 9 HiiL 
out expeace to themselves, seat them where, aixmt three hours before, I bad 
away friends. But the fatal rook upon left my afflicted wife and daughter, and 

which I split was, i aaesr oatdd fend a had seen a mob at Mr. TuWs house in 
scey le & bttlk peri*** m if ninety- my road. I found that my people had 
sine were eeaaent, and one was not, that applied to a neighbour to secure some of 
00a would be most solicits** to injure our furniture, who refused : to a second, 
me thao the nieety-ftiae to serve me. who consented ; but, another shrewdly 
About aeon also some of my sneads Jcemarkiag that be would run a hazard 
advised me " to take care of my goods, s>f having bis own house burnt, a denial 
for say house must come down." I was the consequence. A third rssouesa 
treated the advice as ridteejoes, aad at- was made, bit out short with a no. The 
plied, .** Thai was thaw duty, aad the fourth man consented, and we emptied 
duty of ovary inhabitant* for say case was die boose into his bouse and barn, 
them I had only the powcrof aniatU- Before night, however, he caught the 
vidua!. Besides, slfty wagoue eaeM not tenor of the neighbourhood, and ordered 
carry off my etoeh in tsaeVe, CAeJeeive of the principal part of the furniture back, 
she furniture of my house; and, iftbey and we wave obliged to obey, 
could, where must I deposit it t n leapt, At midnight I could see from my 
however, a small quantity of paper to a bouse the flames of Bcrdsley Hall rise 
neighbour, who retained it«aad the whole with dreadful aspect 1 learned that 
afte rw a rd s fell a prey to rapine, after I quitted Birmingham the mob et- 

All business wsa now at a stand, tacked my house there three limes. My 
•The shops were shut The towa prison, son bought them off repeatedly; but, 
and that of the Court of Requests, wer^io the fourth, which began about nine 
thrown open, and their strength were «t night, they laboured till eight the next 
added to that of their deliverers. Some morning, when they had so completely 
gentleman advised the insurgents assess ravsged my dwelling, that I write this 
bled in New-street to disperse ; when narrative iu a house without furniture, 
one, whom I well knew, said, " Do not without roof, door, chimney-piece, winr 
disperse, they want to sell us. If you tow, or window-frame. During (his in* 
will pull down Hutton's bouse, I will terval.of eleven hours, a lighted candle 
grve you two guinea* to drink, for it was was brought four times, with intent to 
owing to him I lost a cause to the Court." fise the house, but, by some humane 
The bargain was instantly struck, end foot, was kicked out. At my return I 
my building fell. found a large heap of shavings, chips, 

About three o'clock they approached and faggots, covered with about three 
me. J expostulated with them. Tltey hundred weight of coal, in an under 
would have ** money." I gave them ail kitchen, ready for lighting, 
I had, even to a single half-penny, which The different pieces of furniture were 
one of (hem had the moanemu to take, hoisted to the upper whidows to com* 
They wanted moss, "nor would they plete their destruction ; and those pieces 
submit to this treatment," aad began to which sertf fed the fall, were dashed to 
break the windows, and attempted the atoms by three bludgeoners stationed 
goods. I then borrowed all I instantly below tor that service. Flushed with 
could, which I gave them, and shook a this triumphant exercise of luwleas power, 
hundred hard and black hands. * We the words, " Down with tlte Court ot 
will have some drink." " You shall have Conscience!" u No moro aie-scorea to 
what you please if you will not injure be paid!" were repeated. AgsntleiaajQ 
me. n I was then seized by the collar on retnarked to the grand slaughterers of 
both sides, and hauled a prisoner to a my goods, ** You'll be banged as the 
neighbouring pnblioheiise, where, in. n rioters were in 1780," "Odajnnbim," 
L Arraocew* tet % was the replv, " He made me, nay h> 

Digitized by 


74 Life of WUHmn Hutom. [vol.* 

keen shillings in the Court of Con- Moseley Halt, the property of John 
science." This remark was probably true, Taylor, Esq. and inhabited by Lady 
for that diabolical character which would Carhamptoo, mother to the Duchess of 
employ itself in such base work, was very Cumberland, was net to be missed. 
Hkely to cheat another of fifteen shillings, Neither the years of this lady, being blind 
and I juet as likely to prevent him. with age, nor her alliance to the crown, 

Burning Mr. Ryland's house at Basy were able to protect it She was ordered 
/Hill, Mr. Taylor's at Bordesly, and the by the mob to remove her furniture, and 
destruction of mine at Birmingham, were told, if slie wanted help, they would as- 
(he work of Friday the 15th. sist her ; but that the mansion must not 

Saturday the 16th was ushered in with stand. She was therefore, like Lot hart- 
fresh calamities to myself. The trinm- etied away before the flames arose, bat 
phant mob, at four in the evening, at- not by angels. 

tacked my premises at Bennet's Hill, and As riches could not save a man, neither 
threw out the furniture I had tried to poverty. The mob next fell upon a poor 
save. It was consumed in three fires, but sensible Presbyterian parson, the 
the marks of which remain, and the house Rev. John Hobsoo, of Balsall Heath, 
expired in one vast blaze. The wo- and burnt his ail. 
men were as alert as the men. One From the boose of Mr* Hobson, the 
female, who had stolen some of the pro- intoxicated crew proceeded to that of 
perty, carried it home whHe the house William Piddiek at King's Heath, in- 
was in flames ; but, returning, saw the habited by an inoffensive blind man, 
coach-house and stable unhurt, and ex- John Harwood, a Baptist ; and this ead- 
claimed with the decisive tone of an ed their work on Saturday the 16th, in 
Amazon, M Damn the coach-house, is not which were destroyed eight houses, ex- 
that down yet ! We will not do our elusive of Mr. Coatee's, which was plun- 
work by halves/* She inatan% brought dered and damaged, 
a lighted faggot from the building, set With regard to myself, I felt more re* 
- fire to the coach-house, and reduced the seotment than fear ; and would molt 
whole to ashes. willingly have made one, even of a small 

The beautiful and costly mansion of number, to arm and face them. My 
George Humphreys, Esq. was the next family, however, would not suffer me to 
victim. He had prepared for a vigorous stay in Birmingham, and I was, oa 
defence, and would most certainly have Saturday morning the 16th, obliged to 
been victorious, for he had none but rank run away like a thief, and bide myself 
cowards to contend with : but female from the world. V had injured no man, 
fears overbalanced many courage. One aad yet durst not face men. I had spent 
pistol, charged with powder, sent them a life in distributing justice to others* 
away; and though they returned in greater and now wanted it myself. However 
numbers, one blunderbuss would have fond of home, and whatever were my 
banished them for ever. His house was comforts there, I was obliged, with my 
sacked, and the internal parts destroyed, family, to throw myself upon the world 

The next sacrifice was the house of without money in my pocket. 
William Russell, Esq. at Sbowell Green. We stopped at Sutton Coldfield, and, 
He had prepared men, arms, ammuni- as we had no abode, took apartment? 
tion, and a determined resolution for for the summer. Here I fell into corn- 
defence f but, finding his auxiliaries rot- pany with a clergyman, a lawyer, t 
ten, behave up his house and its contents country 'squire, and two other persons, 
to the flames. who all lamented the proceedings si 

- The house of Thomas Russell, Esq. Birmingham, perhaps through fear, they 
and that of Mr. Hawkes at Moseley- being in its vicinity, and blamed Dr. 
Wake Green, were the next attacked. Priestley as the cause. I asked what he 
They were plundered -and greatly in- had done I " He has written such It* 
jured, but not burnt To be a Dissenter ters ! Besides, what* shameful health* 
was a crime not to be forgiven, but a were drank at the hotel." As I *«*> 
'rich Dissenter merited the extreme of not at the dinner, I could not speak ct 
vengeance. the healths ; but I replied, ** If the Doc- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

vou*.] Mob-Law. \ 75 

tor, or any one else, bad broken thelawe day die 17tb they bent their comae to 
of his country, those laws were open to Wharstock, a single bouse, inhabited by 
punish him, but the present mode of re- Mr. Cox, and licensed for public wor» 
veogewasdetested even by savages." We ship, which, after emptying the cells/,. 
Wtt our argument^ argumefijsare usually they burnt 
left bydts putants, where we found it Penetrating one mile farther, they ar- . 

Tbiagsp aeaod on till the evening, when rived at Kings wood meeting-bouse, 
the mistress of the house wasseised with which they laid in ashes. This solitary 
the fashionable apprehensions of the day, place had fallen by the hand of violeuce 
and requested us to depart, lest her in the beginning of George the First, for 
house should be burnt We were obliged which a person of the name of Dollax 
to pack up, which was done in one. was executed, and from him it acquired 
minute, for we had only theelothes which the name of Si. Dollax, which it still 
covered us, and roll on to Tamworth. bears. He was the first person who suf- 

I asked the people at the Castle Ion fered after passing the Riot Act 
whether they knew me? They answered Three hundred yards beyond, they 
in the negative. 1 bad now a most pain- aimed at the parsonage-house, which 
ful task to undergo. " Though I have underwent the same fate, 
entered your house," said I, " as a com- Perhaps they found the parish of 
moa guest, I am a desolate wanderer, King's Norton too barren to support a 
without money to pay, or property to mob in affiuenea ; for they returned to- 
pledge." The man who had paid his wards Birmingham, which, though dread- 
Dill!* during sixty-eight years, must have fully sacked, yet was better furnished 
been sensibly touched to make this da- with money, strong liquors, and various 
deration. If be had feelings, it will other property. King's Norton is an 
call them forth. Their countenance (ell extensive manor belonging to the king, 
on hearing it. I farther told them I waa whose name they were advancing upon 
known to Mr. Robert Bage, a gentle- the walls, whose honour they were aug- 
maii in the neighbourhood, whom I menting by burning three places of wor- 
would request to pay my bill. Mycred- ship in his manor, and by destroying 
it rose in proportion to the value of the nine houses, the property of his peacea- 
oame mentioned. Myself, my wife, son, ble tenants. 

and daughter, passed the night at the The Wednesbury colliers now assem- 
Castle in Tamworth. bled in a body, and marched into Birm- 

We now enter upon Sunday the 17th. ingham, to join their brethren under 
I cose early, not from sleep, but from church and king : but, finding no mob, 
bed. The lively sky, and bright sun, in the town, they durst not venture upon 
seemed ttf rejoice the whole creation, an attack, but retreated in disappoint- 
and dispel every gloom but mine. I ment As they could not, however, re- 
could see through the eye of every face, turn with a safe conscience without mis- 
that serenity of mind which I had lost chief, they attacked Mr. Male's house, 

As the storm in Birmingham waa too at BeUe Vue, six miles from the town \ 
violent to last, it seemed prudent to be but he, with that spirit which ought to 
near the place, that I might embrace the have animated us, beat them off. 
first opportunity of protecting the wreck I could not refrain from going to take 
of a shattered fortune. We moved to a view of my house at Bennett's Hill, 
Castle Bromwicb. above three miles distant from Castle 

Ranting, roaring, drinking, burning, Bromwich. Upon Washwood^ Heath, 
ia a life of too much rapidity for the hu- I met four wagons, loaded with Lady 
man frame to support. Our black so- Carhampton's furniture, attendeq^oy a 
vereigns had now held it nearly three body of rioters, with their usual aims, as 
days and nights, when nature called for protectors. I passed through the midst 
rest ; and the bright morning displayed of tbem, was known, and insulted, but 
the fields, roads, and hedges, lined with kept a sullen silence. The stupid dun- 
friend* and brother church-men, dead ces vociferated, " No popery ! Down 
drank. There were, however, enough with the Pope !" forgetting that presby- 
awake to kindle new fires. On Satur- terians were never remarkable for favorov 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Tfc Lif* of Wiltim* Button, [wul 

imj the religion of that potentate. In reduced to fb* sad n e ces s ity of bumWv 
this frafance, however, they wore igoo- begging a draught of water at a cottage ! 
rantry right; for I cooaider myself a What a reverse of situation ! How thia 
trae friend to the Roman CathoKce, and the barrier* between effluence and pot* 
to every peactabU profession, hut not to erty ! By the amilea of the inhabitants 
the spiritual power of any ; for tans mi- of Birmin g ham I acquired a fortune ; 
stead of humanizing the mind, and draw- by an artooisatng detent m our police I 
log the affections of one man towards an- lost it. In the morning of the ISfh I 
other, has bound the world in (*vter*,tnd waa a rich man ; m the evening I was 
set at variance those who were friends. mined. At ten at Wight, on the 1 7th, I 

I saw the ruins yet burning of that might have been found leaning on a 
once happy spot, which hud, for many mile-stone upon Button CeJdfietd, with- 
years, been my calm retreat ; the scene on* (bod, without a home, without mo- 
of contemplation, of domestic felicity ; ney, and, what is the last resort of the 
the source of health and contentment, wretched, without hope. What had I 
Here I had consulted the dead, and at- done to merit this severe calamity ? 
tempted to am one the living. Here I had Why did not I stay at home, oppose the 
exchanged the vmidior my little family, vtttains at my own door, and sell my life 

Perhaps fifty people were enjoying at the dearest rate ! I could hare de^ 
themselves upon those roine-where i had troyed several before I had fallen myself, 
possessed an exclusive right ; but I waa This may be counted rush ; but unmer- 
now viewed as an intruder. The pre- ited distress, like mine, could operate bat 
jodiced vulgar, who never inquire into two ways : a man must either sink on- 
causes and effects, or the true state of der it, or become desperate, 
things, fa the idea of criminality upon While surrounded by the gloom of 
the man who is borne down by the night, and the still greater gloom which 
crowd, and every foot is elevated to oppressed the mind, a person seemed to 
hick him. My premises, laid open by hover about me who had evidently noma 
ferocious authority, were free to every design. Whether an honest man or a 
trespasser, and I was the only person knave gave me no concern ; for I had 
Who did not rejoice m the ruins. It nothing to lose but life, which I esteem- 
was oot possible to retreat from that fa- ed of little value. He approached near- 
vourite place without a gloom upon the er with seeming diffidence. " Sir, is not 
mind, which was the result of ill-treat- your name Hutton ?" " Yes." ** I 
ment, by power without right Thia have good news. The lijrht-horse, some 
excited a contempt of the world. time a^o, passed through Sutton, in their 

. Returning to Castle Bromwieh, the way to Birmingham." As I had been 
same rioters were at the door of the inn, treated with nine falsehoods for one 
and I durst not enter. Thus the man, truth, I asked hi* authority. He replied, 
who, for misconduct, merited the halter, " I saw them." This arrival I knew 
could face the world: and I, who had would put a period to plunder. The in* 
not offended, waa obliged to skulk be- habitants of Birmingham received them 
bind hedges. Night came on. The with open arms, with illuminations, and 
inhabitants of the village surrounded me, viewed them as their deliverers, 
and seemed alarmed. They told me it We left the mob towards evening on 
was dangerous to stay among them, and Sunday the 17th, returning from King's 
advised me for my own xtfety to retreat Norton. They cast a glance upon the 
toBtonnaL Thus I found it as drmctilt well-stored celltir and valuable plunder 
to procure an asylum for myself, as, two of Edgbnston Hall, the residence of Dr. 
days before, I bad done for my goods. Withering, who perhaps never heard a 
I was avoided as a pestilence ; the waves rtresSyieriiin pennon, and yet is as amia- 
of sorrow rolled over me, and beat me ble a character as he who has. Before 
down with multiplied force ; every one their work was completed, the words 
came heavier than the last. My chit- tight-horne sounded in their earn ; when 
dren were distressed. My wife through this formidable banditti mouldered away, 
long ahliction, ready to quit my own no soul knew how, and not a shadow of 
aims for those of death ; and I myself it could be found. 

Digitized by 





Bxckulfft of <to d a w t rtfo ns abo*s- 
mentioned, the rabble did numberless 
mischiefe. The lower cia» among us, 
long inured 1o flirt, had now treated 
themselves wkh a full regale of their fa- 
vourite dement Htfeetr teachers are faith- 
fol to their trust, they will present to their 
idea another powerful flame in reversion. 
, Next morning, Monday the 18th, I 
returned 4* Birmingham, to be treated 
with the sad spectacle of another bouse in 
ruins. Every part of the mutilated 
building deeJaftM that the hand of vio- 
leaoe had been there, 

lly frieods received me wkh joy ; and 
though they bad not fought for me, they 
had been as si du ous in securing seme of 
my property, which, I was told, ■* had 
paved half the streets in Birmingham.* . 


* Having arrived at fourscore, allow 
me to state some of the feelings attendant 
upon that advanced age. 

I am strongly attached to old habits 
and old fashions, even though absurd, 
t Instead of longing for a new coat, I part 
with an old one as with an old friend. 

I forget some lessons, and cannot 
learn others. One lesson, however, I 
mu>4 learn, to eat without teeth. 

The farther we advance in yeais, the 
more we are affected with both heat and 
cold. In early life our feelings are but 
little influenced by either. 

I can better remember the transactions 
of seventy years, than of yesterday : pour 
liquor into a full vessel, and the top will 
run off first. Perhaps I can recollect 
being in a thousand companies, every 
person which composed them is now de- 

parted except myself. Upen wimeeer 
family I cast a distaot eye, I remark jo 
that family a generation is sprung into 
life, passed through the bioom of the day, 
and sunk into the night My old friends 
have slipped off the stage, and I am as 
unfit to unite with the new, as new cloth 
with old. Thus f am become a stranger 
to the world which I have long known. 

As age increases sleep 4sc*ee*es ; 
when a child in health enters upon life, 
it can sleep twenty-two out "of the twen- 
ty-four hours. Its sleep will diminish 
about three hours upon the average every 
year during the next three, when activity 
will enable it to nurse itself. That reduc- 
tion will afterwards be nearly one hour 
every ten years, till he arrives at eighty, 
when four or five will be his hours of sleep. 

It is carious to con template the lueta- 
ations of property. I have seen the man 
of opulence look with disdain upon a 
pauper in rags. I have seen that pau- 
per mount the wheel of fortune, and the 
other sink to the bottom. 1 have seen a 
miserable cooper not worth the shaving* 
be made, place bis son to a banker, and 
his son become a rich banker, a membtr 
of parliament, and a karontL 


The History of Birmingham 1761 

Journey to L/»ndon 1784 

The Court of Requests 1 787 

The Hundred Coart 1788 

History of Blackpool 1 788 

Battle of Bosworth Fir Id 1 789 

History of Derbv 17P0 

The garners, a We m 1 795 

Edgar and Etfrida, a Poem 1763 

The Roman Wall 1801 

Remarks apoa North Wales 1 8ul 

Tour to Bcnrhoroagh 1803 

Poems, chiefly Tales 1804 

Trip to Coatham 1^*08 


tiom the W«*»*r **•«•«*«»* 


Jn Jwtgulmr 04s. 

Br HaJinv Nkklb. 

HARK ! what nrtM melWhsoas oienseres, 
Sacred source of plenteous pleasures, 
esulting, now in anguish, 
Now they swerl, and now they languish, 
Ever dianging, ever varying 
Hoping now, and now despairing, 
Highest joy, and deepest care, 
Love and frantic Hate are there, 
Pleasure sweeps the string along, 
Bat Sorrow mingles in the song ; 
Who now descends to lead the choir, 
What* mifhty band has struck th* lyre ? 

1 see ! I see ! for wbobut she 
The strong energetic seal can he 

To wake a strain, to breathe a veio, 
So heaven-replete with harsaony ? 
No trembler treads yon mountain's brow, 
No soo of song enraptures now, 
The mighty mother's self descends, 
Adoring Nature prostrate bend* : 
She shakes her golden locks, she smiles, 

A nd scatters roses round ; 
Her smile Despair's disease beguiles, 

And heals Affliction'* wound. 
She traces on the ductile sand 
A circle for her airy band 
And matters maay a mag'C sound, 
That -oft and solemn murmurs round : 

Digitized by 



Original Poetry, 


Then waves ber wand, and calls oa all 
The mystic powers that rale tar bait, 
The shadowy shapes of dawning day, 
That flatter to the noon-tide ray, 
Tuat haunt the gloomy midnight boar, 
That court ber smite, or own her power. 

8be paused, aod swift, obedient to the spell, 
A thousand fairy forms fantutir glide 
Some an tbesua*beam red exulting ride, 

And field aad fea, aad flowery dell, 
Gave ap their wandering spirits «11, 
Obedient to the mystic call $ 
And first, adorned' with smiling bays, 
Love trod the circle's magic mase, 
W'tn eyes uproH'd and arms enfold. 
And loo»ety flowing locks of gold, 
And, as the trod with looks profound, 
And g«*ture* wild the mystic round, 
He warbled forth with artless rase, 
In sweet melodious cadences, 
A *oag replete with joy and care, 
Of mingled rapture and despair. 
Next came a strange, disordered train, 
Of Pride aad Pitjs Peace and Pain ; 
Exultng Hope breathed all her fire, 
WiH Ardonr rmh'd to seise the lyre ; 
Fear would have sought the deep profound, 
But durst not disobey the sound ; 
Nay, melting Woe, a»d wrinkled Care, 
And fierce infuriate Horror there 
Came, darkly-smiling* baud in bond, 
To mingle iu the umuey baud. 

Despair came latest, wandering wide, 
With g;:ze of mingled pain and pride, 
With eye that shot infectious flame, 
With dark and sullen cheek be 

Hope never cneer*d his prospect dim, 
Ad'-ction had no charm for him ; 
/ ud % when aros»* the sweetest song 
That ever swept the lyre along, 
When Love had joy, and Pleasure sway, 
Aod Rai»mre kindled at the lay, 

Still sad D*--|»air, 

W Ufa frenzied air, 
And hurried footstep paced the round, 

And his dark nue 

The darker grew, 
The sweeter swelled the sound. 

How dues all Nature honour thee, 

Oh heave o-desrended Poesy I 

The bill, the dale, the heath, the grove, 

Th" vo ce of nature and of love ; 

T »e burning thought, Jb? breathing line, 

Tuat melts, that thrilflTall, all, are thioe. 

In ev'ry shape, in ev'ry vest, 

Come, welcome to a vot'ry's breast ! 

Come a< a goddess, parent, king, 

I'll worship, nouor, homage bring: 

A helpless, weep ng, foundling be, 

A loiter dear I'll prove to thee ; 

Or come, a wandering harper wild. 

By mght and pathless plains begot I'd, 

Strike at my soul for entrance fair. 

And thou shah find admittance there. 

The Poet ! hallow'd, honour'd name, 

The dearest, eldest child of Fame j 

While life remains green laurels grow, 

A garland for the Poet's brow ; 

Bnt oh t what greenep^ays shall bloom 

Eternal round the Port's tomb ? 

The Fairies all shall leave their cells, 

Where Love with Peace and Plenty dwells, 

The m<»s-v cave, and sylvan grot, 

To weep around the haMow'd spot ; i 

The Seasons, as they wander by, 

With glittering hand, and sparkling eye, 

Aod strew their sweetest garlands there ; 
And oft, amid the nights profound. 
When solemn stillness reigns around. 
The mystic music of the spheres 
Revealed alone to gifted ears. 
In dirges due and clear shall toll 
The knell of that departed spui- 
Kmtisk Town, 

The following song has, we believe, appeared 
in one or two London Journals, but we can* 
not, on that account, withhold it from our 
readers t there is a gloomy grandeur about 
some of the thoughts, that reminds one of 
the best passages of Lord Byron's poetry. 

WhoftU* the BtUU o/Conmaa, at 1806. 

T^OT a drum was beard, nor a funeral note, 
JL^I As bis corse to the rampart we hurried: 
Not a soldier discharged his farewell shot 

O'er the grave where our hero was bj r * -i 
We buried him darkly at dead of night, 

The sods with our bayonets turning, 
. By the struggling moonbeam's misty light, 

And the lantern dimly burning. 
No useless coffin enclosed his breast i 

Nor in sheets, oor in«hroad, we bowed bus. 
Qsit he lay like a warrior taking his rest, 

With bts martial cloak around him. 
Few aad short were the prayers we said • 

And we »poke not a word of sorrow, 
But we steadfastly gased oo the face of the 

And we bitterly thought of the morrow. 
We thought, as we hollowM his narrow bed, 

And smooth'd down his lowly pillow, 
That the foe and the stranger would tread on 
his head, 

And we far away oo the billow. 

ghtly they'll talk of the spirit that's gone, 

And o'er bis cold ashes upbraid him. 
But nothing he'll rerk,if they let him sleep on, 

In the grave where a Briton has laid him. 
But half our heavy task was done. 

When the clock toll'd the hour for retiring, 
And we beard by the distant and random gun, 

That the foe was suddenly firing. 
Slowly aad sadly we laid him down, 

From the field of his fame fresh and gory, 
We carved not a line, we raised not a stone, 

Bat we left aim alone io bis glory. 


from the New MMthlyMmMtaw. 

TH E great J aaovAU, is our refuge still. 
Though rolling aaes brio* the sons of men 
Bark to their native dust, ana ever flows 
The rapid tide that sweeps fbem all away. 
Before von lofty mountains frowo'd on high, 
Or earth that bears them from deep chaos rote, 
Before yon soaciout firmament displayed 
Ten thousand worlds revolving in their spheres, 
From everlasting thou art Goo atone. 
And to thy name, immortal source of life, 
Be endless, everlasting honours paid. 
Lo ! in the flight of time our finite sense 
Can trace its progress only by its loss ; 
But to Thy view, Omniscient, rnESEKT, past, 
And future, arc the same : —thy boundless 

Takes in a thousand years, and deems it brief 


Digitized by * 


VOL. 2.] 

Intelligence : bUcrary and PhUo$opkicaL 


As the nocturnal watch 3— dry flat gfves 
To booMD forotslbeir being and their at 

Health, beauty, opulence, and meatal power 
Shrink in aa instant, like a amrU'd flower. 

At the young plant imbibes the genial warmth How sink* the heart in sorrow's gulf profound, 
Of vernal sans, and showers, and vigorous When hope's gay visions are in vapours 
-■---*- drown'd, \ 

And friendship fails as in tbe trying hoar ! 
Yet all the troubles that on mortals wait, 

To full maturity of health and bloom, 
Bat if no friendly shade its beauties screen 
From noon-tide fervours or the tempest's rage, 
We see it wither ere the evening close. 
And leave no vestige that it once has been— 
So we, great parent I at thy kindling ire, 
aiak down to dast, and perish in our crimes. 
Ah ! fell me what Is life ?~That little space 
Mark'd out with sighs and groans, with toil 

and pain. 
(Obscured witn grief, and blotted so with sin, 
That did not mercy dart her radian I beam 
Across the vale of tears and urge us on, 
*T were bat a gall of misery and despair. 
What is the lifeof man ?-This hoar he breathes* 
To-morrow is no more. Ere yon bright sao 
Has traced tbe aediaatbree score time* and tea, 
This hataan wonder acts the diierent parts 
Of son and sire t or, should tbe vital springs, 
Tenacious, agitate the frail machine 

Theleade O ev^th«li eTriD7«teD. oroclaun j^r he, the father of the varying lav. 

Of pain and sickness long the suffering prey, 
Sinks to the grave ; and leaves unstrung the 

Dark as they are, new scenes of light portend. 
Teaching the sool to triumph over fate, 
And rise from deep depression more elate. 
Our chastened thoughts, as they to Heaven 

Find bat in God the never-failing friend. 

from tbt BvroycMi Magwlaft. 


To the Memory of the imte Mr. Samuel Wanna, 

Written by W. Linolby, Esq. 

And composed by Loan Burgh ansa. 

CHANT we the reqaiem, solemn, sad, and 
sweet ;— 
And mute awhile, amid the festive throng, 
Be Joy's inspiring song ! 

The leaden eye, the lingering step, proclaim 
That age is but another name for woe. 

Oh, tarn thee to thy suffering servants, Lord ! 
Tarn thee with smile indulgent. Let thy love 
Heal the deep wounds thy justice has approved, 
That oar declining sea may set in peace. 


Silent each liquid note— extinct its sacred fire- 
List to that plaintive strain ! 
Was it " Thy voice, O Harmony !"* that sang 

Anselmo't magic lyre unstrung- 
Ne'er on th* enraptur'd sense to hurst again 
Those chords, so sweetly wild, so full, so clear ? 
It sms thy " awfal sound !"— the distant bell 
Beats slow, responsive to tbe anthem's swell 

Awake ! Ob harp of Jadah i Raise to Heav'n 

The dulcet notes of melody and praise, 

While 1 with hamble voice invoke Him whom 

The Heav'n of Heav'ns itself cannot contain, _ _... _ .. ? ,„ r _„. . . __ __. __,.., ... „ ... , .. 

That He would hie* these lowly lays of mine,. That pours the parting tribute o'er his hallow- 

Aod, blessing would receive. So shall my days* ed bier. 

With amaranthine wreath of i°y^°J^¥ « When winds breathe soft" + where rests 

And prosperous gales shall waft me oer the 

That bounds tb' immortal shore, and bear me on 
To the loved haven where my soul would rest 
On the soft boso m of eternal peace, 
Seeston Partonage. 

Tram the Oeotteaaa't Mtprjat. 

LINES by William Hayley, Esq. 

THIS blooming world is but a thorny 
Where treacherous sweets and latent stings 

Where ills in ambush every path surround j 

Air*elmo's clay. 
Round our lamented Minstrel's shrine 
Shall " forms unseen " J the deathless wreath 

Soft warbling in the breexe the tributary lay. 

♦ «Thy voice, O Harmony, with awfal 
sound.'— Webbe'e Oleee. 

t * When w»nds breathe soft along the si- 
lent deep.'— Ibjd. 
J * By fairy hands tUHr knell is rung, 
By forms unseen their dirge is sung, 


paoM iwn Lonoon Mo*tcly Magazine, August, 1817. 

AM ERICA'N literature has not yet enjoyed 
tbe advantages of what io London is known 
by tbe name of " Magazine-dau" on the last 
day of every month, when all the Magazines, 
Reviews, and Journals appear; and when, 
In consequence, a species of Book- Fair is cre- 
ated in the vicinity of Paternoster-row. The 
fburscorc periodical works nublished on that 
day cause returns, within a lew hours, in ready 
sneasa, of little short of three thnusaoc pounds, 
and tBe whole are distributed over London by 
booksellers and newsmen 1 and over the couo- 

try, chiefly in coach-parcels, 00 tbe same eve- 
ning. This trade, in periodical works, neces- —... , 
sarily produces astmnltnneous one in nook?, 6f some Amcricrwi Nterary journals, tbe propnc* 

at least eqnal amount $ and thus English lite- 
rature enjoys an advantage possessed by that 
of no other nation, in twelve Book* Fain in the 
year. In America, on the contrary, the pro- 
prietor* of periodical works labour under the 
disadvantage of being thr ir own distributors, 
and instead of being paid in ready monev, in 
large sums, by whoelsale booksellers, they de- 
pend on precarious returns from individual 
subscribers scattered ov«r the wide-spread re- 
gions of the United States. Thus we see, in 
these Journals, incessant complaints of the 
caprice nod negligence of subset iber* ; nnd 
thus it is, that, however* great the m«*rit of 

Digitized by VjUUVIC 


IntsUigam: Literary and PkUompJucaL 


tew are iasmrrmatery pem ms erated , am) often Sir William Hesucheft, lawty cr e as e d at 
overwhelmed Ivy 4heminmtusW of hmN deb* Haaovuviaa knight, bus eosmaaakatrd a ss- 
4s»t*om negligent patrons. The prodigious per to the stoyal Society oa the system aflhr 
n nss bsJ i of Newspapers which appear in every 
State tend, also, to supercede the sober claims 
of science aod literature. 

Periodical li ic r a S mi must, however, con- 
<«w at a low ebb hi the United Slates, until discovered the ssnsmettstag power 

Hasnwevian I 

per to the Royal Society oa the system • 
scattering of the saw and on the best modest 
dividing tnem into classes, so as to seem a cor- 
rect and convenient catalogue. 
" * Moaiccnrnf, of Rome- ha ria j, 

*er of the vis- 

the proprietors reader ft worth the while of let rays of the prtsamtss spectres*, 
the local b o oks * l l er t to receive the names of ewnjIUaeasT has s s eeccoed in m 


aohscasbers ; and ontil those subscribers are 
tafflciently numerous, to induce the local 

two needles, the ossein thirty, 
forty-six, urinates* aod eaa aoi 

bookseller to transmi t to the CaoitaloerioaHcaJ raesssgnetie power, hy the ssmse process,*) 

orders for Magazines and books, la a free ssany needles as he pleases. The needles test 

country, supported by public intelligence, it magnetised (namely, by directing on ami oaf 

might/ however, be supposed, that the Post- •*** over them, for a aeried of not less mm 

©(ice, as in some countries m Europe, would thirty minuses, the violent rays of the spec- 

a an r d facilities for the conveyance of period*- trum, through the medium of a conoensfof 

cal worksatatrifliag charge to the subscribers. lent*) p ossess aM the energy and the proper- 

Mr.Accuiuhas in the press, CmemicmiJmmee- ties of needks ssas me t tse d in the com m on way 

rtes of curious i nil roc- by means of a loadstone. Their asm* 

meats, comprising a sei 
tit e eaaerisaeass hi cue 
ly performed, and unattended 

listry, which are eati- poles repel, while the E a ftr in u n H us poles at- 

mded with danger. tract, each other t aaa% ssade to vtbraer ows 

___„. „ aad Geography, an- p*su<, the^polattujuucaammHly tothoaorth, 

eient and modem, eaempkied aal illustrated their heads to the south i This ** ' ^ 

by the principles of chronology, by the Rev. wooden of magnetism, and must 

J. Joyce; wilt soon appear in two octavo as a very eatrnontinary dbcovery 

Elements #f History i 

asms to the 
bo regarded 

In some observations oo the great Comet of 
1811, by at. Sceaotrree, be states that the 
real length of the tail of the Cosset was 
13,186,200 geugraphtcmiles. 

As we consider improvemeots ia the means 
of osmssuaicatiac knowledge to be of the 
highest degree of importance, so we hswe giv- 

volumes, with several maps. 

.The Essay on Pablic Credit, by Davie 
Home, will shortly be re-published. 

Memoirs, with a Selection from the Cor- 
respondence and other unpublished Writiugs 
of the late Mrs. Elizabeth HavtlTon, are 
Preparing for the press. 

Miss A. M. PoaTca is preparing the Knight 
of 8t. John, a Romance. her to the announcement of some novel nines 

Mr. Ww. . Mackenzie, of Edinburgh, has of Joseph Lawcastbr, nod we shall banan- 
as the press, a poem, callod the Swim Pat- py to be one medium of conveying to trim any 
rmts. sutwcriptiooitoassivlhimmcojTyisujthesafBe 

M. Tassrsm^of the Academy of Sciences, into elect From similar feelings we have 
and the Society of Agriculture, has published the satisfaction, in like manner, to invite pub- 
a notice on she great services of swallows to kc attention to the pretensions of Mr.Owiar, 
agriculture^in destroying caterpillars, and * gentleman who has recently armed in 
numerous other mischievous insects: he pro- London from Philadelphia, for the purpose of 
poses^hata law should be niade against shoot- ntroduciog lata Europe a plaa of teaching 
ing swallows. language*, by owaas of which owe masteb, 

Baajofr Laaaar has lotbe press, the Sungi- without assistants, may teach aery foreign laa- 
cal Campaign of Russia in 1818—13, one vol- gnage to one or two thousand puphu at the 
ttme, octavo, plates. An English edition will *uae time. This plan ae has exemplified, in 
W e a r about the sometime. regard to the Frenchaod English « aad to the 

The Archduke ChabxebIius published the Spanish and* English languages in two works, 
Principles of the Art of War, elucidated by called " Nmture Displayed m the Mode ofteock- 
the campaign of 1796, 3 vols, octavo. i*g Language* to Mem *" one adapted to the 

An apothecary's shopman at Munich being French and the other to the SponieA languages, 
engaged in beating up, in a mortar of serpen- His improvements are two-told— the first coo- 
tine stone, a mixture of oxymuriate of potash, sists in teaching words in their comA/no/tea* in 
sulphur, sugar, and cinnabar, for the purpose sentences, and the other in public repetitions 
of making chemical matches, a terribte ex- of those se nt e nc e s , by all the pupHs, after the 
plosion took place, wlych killed the person enunciation of the master. These improve- 
who was making the mixture, wounded the ssents are of great consequence to patriotic 
apothecary, who at that instant entered, blew and enlightened governments, as means of 
the mortar to pieces, aod damaged the stove enabling them to give uniformity to the lan- 
and furniture of the room. faages of the seme empire. Thus the Empe- 

A paper of Dr. Leach, of the British Muse- ror of Russia might, by multiplying masters, 
urn, has been read to the Royal Society, con- teach, after Mr. Doner's system, aUthe tribes 
taining some observations on a new genus of in bis vast territories to speak the Rnsss'ian 
marine animals inhabiting the argonaut and language within three or four months t or the 
nautilus shells. It was observed by Sir Joseph British government might, by suitable arrange- 
Bauks, that the animal found in these shells is ments, render the English language familiar 
not the fabricator of them, but a parasite in the same short space of time to the millions 
which has taken up its occasional abode there who people the banks of the Ganges, to the 
when it chooses to shield itself from the direct Caudians, the Hottentots, the Negroes at Sier- 
action of the waves. Sir E. Home also ore- ra Leone, the Maltese, the Charibbs, the Ca- 
sented a paper somewhat similar, detailing nadians, the Irish, the Scotch, aod the Welsh, 
bis remarks oo the mode and period of genera- He is about to publish his plan of tuition for 
tion of the animal found in nautilus and argo- the gratification of public curiosity, aod for 
naut shells. He found them to be oviparous the information of tones Who may undertake 
animals, to be nourished nearly like snails. the office of tutors. 

Digitized by 



or THE 


FoMblied wmtflrtattly, *7 Umtm m4 Fnadi. 

NO. *.] BOSTON NOVEMBER 1, 1817. [VOL. II. 


How dupratn^U divine pfcilosopfay ! if duly polished, bursts forth with su*> 

Net smhaadefete^, as doll fools sapeose, passing radiance, and gives him a de*^ 
B«t musical as is Apollo's tote, cided superiority over all other animal 

And aj*ipetualfea»st of nectar'd sweets, productions. This gem is Reason. 
Where no cswde surfeit reigns. § inaN then> we are placed at tbe hea d 

T„_ ... MiLTow—Osimif. f an i raate na ture by the means of this 

HE cultivation of literature, and 9p |et,did and valuable gift, how ought 
its consequent effects on tbe mind, we not t0 i mprove i t ? should it not be 
deserve, m this age of politeness, parti- the business of life to cultivate those 
eakrcoosid^fauoo, and present a wide n which form i te chief ornament, 

field for inquiry and speculation of the and wh ich ena ble us not mer% to fulfil 
■oat agreeable kind. lo trace the the active duties of this world; but also 
•volutions of genius from its first bold, t0 soar in j mag ination t0 & e next ? To 
nervous, but rude efforts, to the soft U8 , w ho live in a land where the am are 
Unporand effeminacy of overstrained an iversally cultivated and admired, and 
refinement, is a study peculiarly pUa- where excellence is sure to meet with its 
M to the man of taste, and one which, rewar d > tbere ia ev ™ incitement to im- 
whilst it corrects the exuberance of prove tbe mind, and to strike off the 
fancy, enlarges the understanding and shackles of ignorance. Ambition, em u- 
improves tbe heart. No one can rea- latior ^ even interest, urges us on to the 
•pnably deny that the cultivation of toBt But there is a feeling distinct 
literature is intimately connected with frora tbose above Rationed, which 
▼mue, and that the former tends to re- a1most of j t8e lf repays any labour we 
•tram the violence of passion and appe- may un dergo, and which certainly 
tote within the bounds of reason, and 8Upport3 our efforts to excel. L is the 
toads them as it were by a silken cord to copiousness of performing the purpose 
be subservient to designs of a more no- for which we were 8Bnt iut0 the world> 
We and elevated kind. Man in his na- j oined ^ththe hope that our endeavours 
tural state is rude, barbarous, and cruel, wiU prove beneficial to society ; the 
agitated by uncontrolled passions, and ^^ insprre8 us with ardou r, and , 
prone to follow their dictates with in- p09ge ssed of such sentiments, study will 
temperate ardour. He is but one re- appear ratheras a pleasure than a task. 
move from tbe beast of the forest. But Various are the paths of science which 
the wise Creator of the universe has im- the learned choose to explore. Some, 
planted in his nature a gem, which, if w | I0se souls burn to discover, the phe- 
unattended to, lies concealed, but which, nomC na every-where around them, drt* 
M Atb tnren*. Vol. fc 

Digitized by 


8* Cultivation of Literature. [vol. % 

into the depths of natural philosophy, moment, and relax thair minds from care, 
calculate the rotation of the planetary let them take up Martial and Anacreoo, 
system, pierce the surface of the earth who play very prettily at the foot of 
for its minerals, ransack the vegetable Parnassus with the Loves and Graces, 
kingdom, and even pluck the coral from and pluck those flowers which a severer 
the reluctant wave. Others wander Muse would have disdained. Look they 
amid the labyrinths of metaphysical for tenderness, give them the epistles of 
speculation, and employ whole lives in Ovid or the tragedies of the Pelleaa 
the subtleties of an useless philosophy, bard, let them peruse the parting of 
But no study tends so much to improve Hector and Andromache, and, if they 
the taste, enlarge the faculties of the can, let them refuse a tributary tear to 
mind, and to feed th^ imagination, as the sorrows of Dido. Would they 
as that which is commonly denominated study the graces of oratory, refer them 
Classical Literature. There art ages in to the forcible and manly eloquence of 
which it seems that Nature has poured Demosthenes, or to the full and flowing 
forth genius with a profuse fertility, io magnificence of Cicero ! In short, the 
which the circumstances, of thejpoes classics will afford them models of ex- 
have proved peculiarly favourable to it, cellencein every department of literature 
and the most illustrious characters of the that can gratify the imagination, or im* 
age have been either men of learning prove the taste. In history, they have 
themselves, or the patronisers of it in the naxveU and sweetness of Herodotus, 
others. Such was the Grecian age in the strength and conciseness of Tbucy- 
the time of Pericles, the Roman under dides and Tacitus, the painting of Sallust, 
Augustus, and the Italian under the and the beautiful narration of Livy and 
Medici. We may observe that each of Xenophon and Caesar. In tragedy, the 
these states was in the zenith of its power morality and tenderness of Euripides, 
during the lives of these luminaries of the sublimity of Sophocles, and the 
science. The two first ages are called severer strains of iRcbylus. In comedy, 
purely classical, the productions of which the spirit of Plautus, the politeness and 
are now, and have been for several elegance o Terence, together with the 
centuries past, the study and delight of fire and wit of Aristophanes. Such are 
Europe ; but why they should be so, it the allurements which classical literature 
will.not be, perhaps, superfluous to ex- hold out ; and, thanks to the liberality 
plain, and at the saitae time to comment of our forefathers, there are seminaries 
on the advantages derived from them, established which permit not merely the 
Are there any who wish to acquire powerful and opulent, but even the poor, 
greatness of mind, unshaken fidelity, if they are so inclined, to enjoy all these 
contempt of human grandeur, unbounded sweets; and genius, though in poverty, 
love of their country, and a firmness and has thus an opportunity of rescuing itself 
magnanimity that will enable them to from oblivion and undeserved neglect 
buffet the boisterous waves in the sea of But the benefits of classical literature 
life, let them study the authors of Greece would be small indeed, did it only tend 
mod Rome. Let those who wish to to the improvement of the taste and 
exak themselves above their fellow-mor- style ; it has a higher point in view. It 
tals by refinement of sentiment, elegance acts as a safeguard to the treasures from 
of diction, and noble dignity of style, whence we derive our holy religion, and 
store the writings of those great men in prevents the intrusions of interpolators 
their souls, and consider them as friends, and the corruptions of dogmatists. Can 
and as the companions of their solitude, there be a higher commendation than 
In studying the ancients, they will not this, that through its means the fountain 
be confined to one subject, or one style of our belief is kept pure and uncon- 
of composition; they may there revel in taminated, and that the contrivances of 
every thing that is noble and beautiful, scepticism and faction may endeavour in 
Do they wish for sublimity of thought vain to disturb the waters of faith. The 
an) grandeur of expression, let them simple and unaffected language io which 
turn to the pages of Homer, .^Eschylus, the Apostles wrote, the natural, and, no 
and Piadar. Would they trifle away a doubt, inspired, sentiments which they 

Digitized by 


VOL. 2.] 

CuUkation of Literature. 


breathe, and the fine and awful descrip- 
tions they give us of the Deity and his 
attributes, would indisputably have been 
for erer lost to the world, had they not 
been written in a language which was 
destined never to die ; for they would 
have doubtless been altered to answer 
the views of sectarians, and their sublime 
precepts overwhelmed with a load of tin- 
sel and contradiction. While literature is 
cultivated, while a liberal spirit of edu- 
cating their children in a knowledge of 
classical science prevails amongst parents, 
the grand basis of our religion will still 
be secured, and the power of the state, 
so intimately connected with that of the 
church, will still retain its solidity. With 
what horror must we contemplate those 
dark and barbarous 8ges which imme- 
diately followed upon the destruction 
of the western empire. Indeed, for 
several centuries before that celebrated 
event, Europe had been buried in pro- 
found ignorance ; the savage hordes who 
had so often made inroads upon the 
empire, and not unfrequently been in- 
corporated with it, had already vitiated 
the languages of ancient Greece and 
Rome, and the purity and correctness of 
Virgil and Homer had finally disappeared. 
The productions of those ages of taste 
and refinement lay neglected amid the 
dnsty shelves of monastic libraries, and, 
being immured amongst the ponderous 
volumes of commentators, were seldom 
or never noticed. What was the con- 
sequence of this contempt of refinement 
and learning f It is painful to declare it. 
The lower orders of society were worse 
than barbarous. Taught to consider 
knowledge as an attribute they had no 
business to aim at, they were compelled 
to serve in order that they might subsist, 
and were made tools of ambition and 
the victims of monkish craft Nor were 
they the only sufferers at the shrine of 
ignorance. Barons and princes, even 
kings and emperors themselves, were 
under the influence of this detestable 
scourge. Led, or rather compelled, to 
believe that the keys of divine grace were 
in the possession of the see of Rome, 
they dared not to resist its mandates, or 
to negative its demands. Passing all 
their time in war, in hunting, tourna- 
ments, or other amusements of the age, 
they H0Mr thought of perusing the scrip- 

tures, in order that tbey might be con- 
vinced of the holy mission ol the Pope, 
but left thrit to priests, vast numbers of 
whom, living at their expense, and prac- 
tising every vice, were employed to 
wing their souls to the joys of heaven, 
or to release them from the pangs of 
purgatory. Oh incredible credulity ! To 
what a state of darkness and error must 
the human mind have arrived ! — Super- 
stition is fonnded upon ignorance, and 
the effects of the one may be justly 
attributed to the effects of the other. 
Thus it was that this detestable tyrant 
of the soul extended wide its dominion 
over all Europe. Hundreds of thousands 
were led to perish on the plains of 
Palestine, through the blind rage of a 
fanatic ; and the inquisition, that dreadful 
engine of papal tyranny, spread its 
murderous influence far and wide. 
Fathers were dragged from their children, 
from their wives, and from all tbey held 
dear, immured in damp and lonely dun- 
geons, and at length tortured into a 
confession of sins tbey had, perhaps, 
never committed. Should a spirit of 
opposition arise, should any dare to ex- 
press sentiments hostile to the papal 
power or to its institutions, they were 
immediately dragged away as devoted 
victims, and, after certain ceremonies, 
burnt at the stake in the very sight of 
multitudes ! It argues a want ofspirit and 
feeling, a blind and mean submission, 
that the spectators of these horrible 
tragedies did not fall upon the actors, 
and, by extirpating them at once, put 
an end to the fatal curse* But their 
feelings were obscured by ignorance, 
and their actions guided by superstition. 
But this does not finish the catalogue of 
the evils that afflicted mankind during 
those ages in which science was dead 
and civilization Janguished. Even the 
fair sex were doomed to drink the bitter 
cup of confinement and restraint Nun- 
neries, priories, monasteries, and ahbeys» 
every- where abounded, raised by the 
pious, but mistaken, zeal ot the great. 
Enclosed within their gloomy recesses, 
and subject to the rule of haughty and 
rigid superiors, youth* beauty, and 
accomplishments, dragged on a weary 
and insipid life. Compelled by poverty, 
tempted by affliction, or deluded by the 
artifices of interested priests, they entered 

Digitized by 



Cultivation of Literature. 

[vol. % 

these asylums of woe. To the minds of these mighty effects ? It is sufficient to 
you up females, which are generally ro- answer, the revival of classical literature, 
mautic, the distant contemplation of a Since so great, then, axe the benefits 
secluded life is pleasant; to be able to of classical literature, the pursuit of it 
forget or despise the allurements of the must surely be arduous ! So would the 
world, to commune with their Maker, inexperienced argue, for tjbey naturally 
and to associate with none but those attach difficulty and Jabour to things • 
who entertain the same opinions with that are of extensive utility. Nor i fit his 
themselves, is highly desirable. But respect would they be much mistaken, 
how dreadfully reversed did they find the To cultivate the classics with success, 
picture. Confined in narrow cells, with requires no little, application, no little 
do other companions than a scull and exercise of the mind. But it ie like 
crucifix, forced to the observance of travelling on a bard and uneven road,' 
innumerable rites and ceremonies as from whence the most beautiful and 
ridiculous as they were gloomy, they sublime prospects meet the eye, and 
•aw their companions languish and drop divert the attention from the unpleasant- 
off in succession, and contemplated their ness of the oath. Are the pins we 
turn as not far distant Thus were many take in turning over the leaves of a 
of the most amiable of their sex lost to dictionary, and the perplexity we are at 
so. Met y, not to enjoy a life of philosophic first involved in with regard to conatruc- 
seclusion, but to wander listlessly amongst ti on, to be compared with the pleasure 
gloomy cloisters, as miserable as melan- we receive when nome fine and noble 
cboly and regret could make them. sentiment or decription is developed I 

1 he fifteenth century saw Constanti- Surely not ; our labour repays itself, and 
nople in ashes ; saw those few who yet the more pains we take the more perfect 
cultivated classical literature wanderers is the gratification we receive. How 
over Europe, neglected and despised, great a fund of rational delight do they 
But in the same age Providence raised lose who neglect the attainment of classi- 
up one family who were destined to cal knowledge merely from the difficulty 

father together the dying embers, and they encounter at the commencement, 
low them into a flame. Florence was who consider the grammatical foundation 
happy, free, and prosperous under the as a sort of post which warns them not 
guidance of the celebrated family of the to trespass into a garden flowing with 
Medicis, who were rich from commerce, the miik and honey of the mind. How 
Doble from their ancestors, refined from innumerable are the advantages and de- 
learning, and liberal from nature ; they lights which await those who by un- 
collected around them the Grecian fugi- wearied perseverance have at length ob- 
tives, and by unbounded munificence tained admittance. They may then 
incited them to explore every quarter with the divine Plato listen to the die* 
of Europe and Asia in search of the courses of Socrates, and commune with 
productions of Roman and Grecian lite- the simple and elegant Xenophon amid 
rature. Learning begun to revive, the the shades of Scyllus, or, with Euripides, 
•Id authors were found, read, and ad- court the tragic Muse in the romantic 
mired. Glorious war the consequence cave of Salamis. With Horace they 
—glorious in the cause of literature, but may politely ridicule the errors of the 
fatal to the power of superstition. In age, or with Juvenal level the boldest 
the fifteenth century, the century in shafts of satire at the vices of the grc*t« 
which learning was revived, Luther — But enough ! to enter into a recapito- 
broke through the shackles of papal lation of all the advantages to he derived 
tyranny, and the Reformation was be- from classical literature would fill a 
gun. In the fifteenth century, a passion volume; let those whom the liberality of 
lor discovery was encouraged, and friends have enabled to unfold the 
America was unveiled to admiring Eu* treasures of classic lore, not neglect the 
rope. In the fifteenth century, printing golden opportunity, lest, by attending 
was invented, and through its means too much to the amusements of youth, 
learning disseminated through all ranks, they lose what will afford sterling and 
And what was the primal cause of all lasting gratification to old age. ^ 

Digitized by 


voi. 2.] Legends of Lamjndo»a.—The Btigurn. 



From tbe Eoraptaa MigulM. 


the richest citizens of Brussels, lay 
' on his death-bed with no consolations, 
except that he had a son capable of 
atoning for the errors into which avarice 
had betrayed him. " Herman !** he 
said, as the young man sat by his bed 
studying the last expression of his glaz- 
ing eyes — •* I leave you wealthy, and 
your uncles, if they are still living, have 
no other heir — but we had once a sister 
—read these papers, and do justice to 
my memory." — Herman assented by a 
silent pressure of the hand, which clung 
to his till it became lifeless. Soon after 
his father's funeral, an extraordinary 
change appeared in his character. In- 
stead of the hospitality, the beneficence, 
and spirit of enterprize, which old Al- 
tenberg had been studious to repress, the 
heir discovered even more frugality and 
caution than his father. He converted 
all the scattered wealth he inherited into 
One fund, but its depository was a pro- 
found secret. At length its amount 
was doubted, and the reserve of his de- 
meanor seemed the consequence of ne- 
cessary retrenchment. Presently his 
fellow-citizens discovered that he spent 
do more than the moderate sum requir- 
ed for mere subsistence ; and it was 
easier to discern that he was poor than 
that he might be virtuous. His friends 
gradually changed their assiduous cour- 
tesy into those cold and stately conde- 
scensions which are practised to humble 
the receiver. During two or three years 
he continued to frequent societies where 
his entrance was noticed at last only by 
a scornful smile or a careless familiarity, 
which he affected to receive with indo- 
le it indifference. But ttye result of sus- 
pected poverty was not unfelt, and he 
had not courage enough to contemn it. 
He left Brussels in secret, without leav- 
ing any trace of hi«* route, as come sup- 
posed to join the Emperor Joseph's ar- 
my as a volunteer, or, a» many more be- 
lieved, to perish by suicide. 

The great dock of a noted inn at 

Brussels had struck tw elve, when the 

# See At«. Vol. 2. p. 8. ~ 

half-clothed waiting-damsel ran into one 
of the most crouded dormitories, and 
shaking a sleeper's shoulder, exclaimed 
in his ear, " Monsieur ! — monsieur has 
mistaken the room — this bed is engaged 
to a lady." — " This bed !" returned the 
angry traveller — ** this vile composition 
of rushes and fir -shavings ! — Must a 
man be disturbed even in purgatory !" 
— The soubrette, arranging the stiff 
wings of her cap, began an oration on 
the lady's prior claims, and the guest 
professed his belief that women .belong 
to one of the nine classes of demons sup- 
posed by a Flemish doctor, " Sir,* 
said a young student from Gotten gen, 
" it is some consolation to know that 
every great man for the last forty-two 
centuries has been equully tormented/* 
— *' A glorious comfort, truly !" re- 
torted the grumbler, •* that three or four 
hundred fools have been remembered by 
greater fools than themselves ! 1 want 
neither Skenkius, nor Jacobus de Don- 
din, nor Grunnius Coracotta, to tell me 
why women love to teaze and a goose 
to go barefoot.*' 

This torreut was interrupted in his 
way down-stairs by meeting* the cause 
of his disturbance, a plain ancient gen- 
tle-woman, whose uglintss restored him 
to good-humour. Grace or beauty 
would have made him furious, \>y les- 
sening his pretext for spleen : and as 
angry men usually submit to any evil 
they are allowed to murmur at, the mal- 
content seated himself in ** grim repose" 
by the kitchen- fire. There some Bel- 
gian soldiers were congratulating them* 
selves on their future quarters at the 
farm of a decrepit and solitary widow, 
celebrated for wealth and avarice. Their 
new auditor, concealed in a recess, lis- 
tened to their ribaldry, perhaps for the 
first time, without disgust, because lii.« 
misanthropy found an excuse in the vices 
of others. Before the dawn of a morn- • 
ing over-cast with Belgian fogs, a dili- 
gence left this inn-door, containing only 
IV!. Von Grumholdt and one female 
passenger. Our inm tier, with no smalt 
chagrin, recognised the close coif and 


by Google 

Legend* of Lsmpido$cu — The Belgian* 


grey redingote of his midnight disturber, 
while she auietl y considered his singular 
aspect* Very little of his face was visi- 
ble, except the contemptuous curl of bis 
under lip, and the prominence of that 
feature which is said to express disdain. 
A broad hat, enormous boots, and a 
coarse wide wrapping coat, deprived his 
figure of all symmetry or character, ex- 
cept that of a busy and important burgo- 
master. As the daylight increased, M. 
Von Grumboldt discovered indications 
*f curiosity, shrewishness, and other 
feminine virtues, in the thin lips and 
wrinkled forehead of his meagre com* 
jjftaion, especially when she ventured an 
f ••fl'Hjy respecting the next inn. A cup 
of coRee at Quatre-Bras, since so cele- 
brated in military annals, removed a few 
farrows from his brow, and enabled hi in 
to perceive that it was prepared by a 
fair and well-shaped hand, decorated 
with a ring of some value. But he 
chose to sleep, till suddenly seeing the 
place of his destination, he alighted from 
the diligence with no other ceremony 
than an abrupt and scowling farewell. 
His humble fellow-traveller continued 
her journey a few hours longer, and 
when the carriage stopped at the end of 
a lonely lane, among the cornfields which 
surrounded her residence, she entered it 
on foot, without any attendant. Though 
the night was far advanced, no one 
seemed to have awaited her coming, 
ami the Brussels diligence was soon far 
out of sight. Lighted by a full harvest- 
moon, she was selecting her steps with 
Flemish neatness and nonchalance along 
the solitary avenue, when a man's shad- 
ow crossed her path. S'\e looked up 
calmly, though not without a sense of 
danger, and saw tfie traveller who" had 
called himself Von Grumboldt. His 
lingering pace and muffled figure might 
have justified suspicion, but she only 
said, u We are still travellers, it seems, 
on the same road." — '* Do you walk 
alone, and at this hour, to the White 
Farm l n returned Von Grumboldt, in a 
low voice — " Take my arm, then — we 
may be useful to each other." — Hesita- 
tion would have been danger, and she 
yielded to the offer without shrinking, 
though the pressure of her arm against a 
concealed pistol, and the motion of a 
sabre as she walked by his side, seemed 

to reveal his true purpose.— u It it 
strange," she said, trembling, ** that I 
see no Ian thorn's light, and no one here 
to meet me !** — Her escort was silent till 
they reached the square court-yard of 
the farm, sheltered, according to Belgian 
fashion, on three sides by the mansion 
and its wings. All was desolately dark, 
and the defenceless mistress, gathering 
courage from her danger, said, in a frank 
tone, 41 Let us enter — though my >ervant 
is heedless, and probably absent, 1 phill 
find enough to furnish a supper for my 
protector. — *' Dare you trust me, 
then !*' returned Von Grumboldt, ia 
a tone which betrayed strong emotion. 
— •* You have not wronged yourself— 
but this is no place for you — here is but 
one concealment among the hollow elms 
round the dove-cot."' — " You are no 
stranger here l** she exclaimed, firmly. 
— " Trust me only a little longer," he 
answered — " but wait for my signal.* 
— The courageous woman took her sta- 
tion in the hollow elm to which he point- 
ed, and his gentle knock at the farm door 
was answered from the window by a 
ruffian- voice — •• Why so late, Caspar ? 
It will be day before we find her hoards. 1 * 
— Von Grumboldt's reply was a shrill 
whistle, and six men concealed among 
the elms rushed through the unbarred 
door into the farm-house, while their 
guide seized the ruffian admitted by a 
treacherous servant. He and bis ac- 
complice were soon in irons, while the 
armed stranger returned to seek the mis- 
tress of the mansion he had preserved 
from plunder. — " These are my Boldiers, 
madam,** said he, in a gentler tone ; 
44 and you will not refuse their colonel 
permission to be your guest. I heard 
the business of this night planned by 
the felons who designed to execute it ; 
therefore I chose to assist in its defeat 
myself." — The modest Flemish farmer- 
ess looked at her preserver with a re- 
spectful silence more affecting than 
words, and taking the diamond rin* 
from her finger, offered it to his — ** I 
have net forgotten your invitation," said 
the Colonef, resuming bis blunt austerity 
while he brushed a sudden moisture 
from his eyes — •* you will find a vora- 
cious guest at your supper- table.'* — 
Without blushing at the humility of the 
task our heroine arranged the ample con- 

Digitized by * 


Vol.*.] Legends of LcmpidQ9a*^The Belgian. ■* 87 

tents of her store-room on her best table, Grumboldt forced a paiofui laugh, and 
and profided an abundant sideboard desired to know the remedy. — " Old 
for her new visitor's attendants. A Finius of Antwerp," said she, dosing the 
chamber, whose neat furniture had chief- volume from which she had seemed to 
ly proceeded from her own distaff, was quote, *• would have prescribed 600 
allotted to the Colonel, who would not herbs, the bone found in a stag's heart, 
have chosen to confess, even on the a ring made from a wolfs hoof — or per- 
rack, how many tender and deep regrets baps a cup of wine : but my father 
haunted his pillow. Almost at day- taught me another remedy, which I 
break he rose, and found his hostess bu- keep among my boards — those which 
eied in her simple domestic avocations, the robbers could not find." — Her guest, 
— " I do not ask you," said she, *• to silenced bj* confused and sudden feel- 
admire my garden-vines, or the beautt- ings, followed into the next apartment, 
ful slope of this valley, for they appear where, supported by pillows in an easy 
to be remembered." — " Perhaps, re- chair, sat an aged man, whose pale grey 
plied her guest, " they resemble - - or eye and fixed features shewed the quiet 
remind me of scenes long since past — imbecility of second childhood. But 
and who can remember the past without the deep seams in his forehead, the knot- 
regret ? But though you have the good- ted muscles about his lip, and the strong 
■ess to ask nothing, I am come to claim contraction of his dark eye-brows, also 
a reward*" — The farmeress raised her indicated what malignant passions had 
eyes from the spiced bowl she was pre- once been busy there. A boy and two 
paring for the first repast, and consider- infant girls were busied in wreathing bfc 
ed the speaker's countenance. If the footstool with the forget-me-not, and 
lower part contained those strong lines other beautiful wild-flowers, so abun- 
and curves which students suppose to dant in the fields near Waterloo. — 
indicate the darker passions, his clear " This unfortunate man, 9 ' said Von 
eye and ample forehead would have Grumboldt's conductress, " was tempt- 
ing pressed the most unlearned observer ed by anxious fondness for his children 
with an idea of vigorous intellects and a to confuse his sister's fortune with his 
rapid spirit. While she paused, the own, which vanished away as if the 
Belgian officer was equally attentive to embezzled part had been a brand that 
her looks, but his glance was an inquisi- consumed the whole. Those who aid- 
tion and his smile a satire ; for he se- ed him to rob ber are gone, and no one 
cretly derided the vain coquetry which remembers him. When I feel the be- 
ne thought expressed in her hesitation, ginning of that distrustful, envious, pee- 
And with more coldness than respect, vish, and timorous spirit which the world 
he added, " The premium I ask for a calls melancholy, I look at this forlorn 
trifling and accidental service, is to re- old man and those orphan children ; 
main a few days or weeks in this house and their gratitude makes my heart 
— It suits my military duties, my love good." — The colonel shuddered as he 
*f rural manners, and my health, which replied. •• fs this human ruin an enliv- 
a terrible disorder has laid waste."— His eniug* spectacle ? And those orphans, 
entertainer answered, with a kinder smile, whose dependence is the school of craft, 
•* My father was a physician educated in envy, and avarice ! — is not their fate a 
Antwerp; he bequeathed me a book motive rather than a medicine for raelan-' 
which contains the symptoms and reme- choly ?" — " It might be," answered the 
dies best ascertained ; and I think your matron, " if I held myself responsible 
illness has a well-known name." — The for events, but I am satisfied with good 
Colonel, scowling contemptuously, bade intentions, and leave their success to 
his doctress proceed. — u It is the mala- another arbiter. Though this human 
dy of poets, philosophers, statesmen, and vegetable is not conscious of my pre- 
ki tigs— the symptoms are a leaden col- sence, and never soothed by any cares- 
our, a hollow eye, a sour smile, and a ses — though those children may be on- 
(venomous wit — It is called wisdom, but quiet, sordid, or deceitful, it is pleasure 
its true name is melancholy."— Struck enough to love and deserve to be loved 
by the boldness ff this speech, Von by them."—** Ah madam l" said har 

Digitized by * 


88 Quack Medietas*, "Bdm afQfadf "PeetordBabm," faQc. [vol,? 

guest, uncovering his heed wilh an erao* meot f" — «• It is not necessary, perhaps," 

uon of respect be had not left before, she replied, ** but he is my brother, and 

«* you have said truly that gratitude was my enemy! 1 mast pity and relieve 

makes the heart good, but ungrateful his wretchedness, unless I endure the 

men have corrupted mine. The horri- misery of hating him, which would to 

ble weariness or life, the death of spirit greater even than hk And the evil be 

which comes upon me every day, has no caused me ceased when 1 forgot it"— 

remedy. I have learned to hope, to Von Grumboldt started, and examined 

esteem, and to cherish nothing — but I her with wild and eager eyes, while she 

remember every thing — and this terrible added, " This is my cure for mekoCho- 

remembrance, this cruel experience of ly: — I cannot give you the Antwerp 

false and hollow hearts, convinces me physician's talisman, but the ring yoa 

that even your bounty is a melancholy received from me last night may have 

illusion. It will make one ungrateful equal virtue. It is the only legacy I 

and two discontented — it will leave yon designed for a nephew noble enough to 

in a desolate old-age with no employ- abstain from borrowed wealth, and to 

ment but to hate and regret"—** My redeem his father's honour by retiring 

good friend, I have not yet told you my himself into poverty, though with such 

father's most precious prescription. Ma- a bitter feeling of its disadvantages." 

ny, perhaps, equalled him in science, a Neither the natural sang^fmid of a 

few in eloquence — but What a divine Belgian, nor the acquired s termWss of a , 

world would this be if all resembled him veteran, could repress the soldiers tears, 

in gentleness !~ His only maxim was, when he recognized his father's sister, 

" Forget evil? — and there is in these so long lost and so deeply injured. Wis 

two words a talisman which assuages interview, this opportunity to offer aa 

the heart, lightens the head, and com- ample restitution of all that her brother 

poses all enmities. Was your frightful had accumulated unjustly, completed his 

languor and despair present while you only wish and most sacred purpose; 

rescued me from robbery and assassins- which had been baffled many yean by 

tion F — " No — because we cannot re- the humble seclusion she had chosen 

member injuries while we are conferring from generous motives. Thus having 

benefits :— but benefits are forgotten ! ' retrieved his father's name from blemish, 

— " Ah ! now you shew me the gan- he appeared again in Brussels among 

grene of the wound — yoa have been his former friends, who readily paid to 

misunderstood and insulted. Well, the successful and distinguished Colonel 

take courage — I hgye been charged Von Q— the homage they had refus- 

with improvidence fmy youth, because ed to Herman A I ten berg in his supposed 

it was easier to trtfst than to suspect ; indigence. But he had learned its true 

and now I am called a miser by those value, and preferred the white farm 

who cannot know for whom J am amas- where his benevolent aunt resided in the 

sing a future competence." — M You loveliness of charity and peace. She 

seem poor, then, only to enrich others !" bequeathed him all that his filial integri- 

said the discontented man, sighing — ty had restored to her, but he divided it 

" but is it necessary to suffer mis rustic among her less fortunate relatives, re- 

and laborious servitude, with the igno- serving only the ring, which, by recalling 

rainy of imputed avarice, for the benefit the beauty of patience and forgiveness 

ofalien children and an insensible man, to bis recollection, became his talisman 

whose wretchedness is his due punish- against melancholy. 




***, cinea, especially when administered to 

"""HEN we consider the fetal effects children, whose tender frames are ill«cal* 

consequent to the exhibition of oulated to withstand their operation— 

of the more powerful qoacfc-nedi* oommoa hamajuty inculcates the necss* 

Qjigitized by VjOCK 

«ty of pointing out their history, in a literati of the present day can never sit 
faithful nod unprejudiced manner ; we down to his studies till the invigorating % - 
are well aware, however, that any oeser- effects of the opiate* to which be regular* 
vation we can make will have but little ly accustoms himself, are exerted over the 
weight with the greatest part of those whole system. The same observation 
who make use of them ; but there are holds with regard to the tippler— in the 
many sensible and respectable people morning alter rising he finds hit 

who, from an 'ignorance of the conse- m ^ 

q^**s,or through the advice of impor- y ^ nnktnm £Ld*f.6.l»u* % » 
tunateand ignorant persons, suffer them- * 

selves, from an ill-judged credulity, when his mental faculties unhinged, and his 
they see their friends suffer under any hand so unsteady, that, to perform any 
distressing malady, to be led to the use operation requiring nicety and firmness is 
of reputed remedies — the influence of utterly impossible ; but the impediments 
which, for the while, perhaps, lulls the are removed when be has entered upon his 
patient ; and their use, on this account, accustomed round of intemperance* It 
» persisted in, atti at last a habit is in- may be said that this has nothing to do 
duced which can never afterwards be with the subject of quackeryr^bet the 
shaken off, babit is evidently continued from this 

In the case of Laudanum, Balm of principle ; the feeling of depression! af* 
Gtfead, Godta- y's Cordial, &c. we have ter the effects are over, being considered* 
seen many instances of their daily em- as disease, and a fresh potion required 
ploy mem producing such a necessity for to take off the very symptoms of which it 
repeated stimuli to the stomach, that bad been previously the occasion. 
larger and larger doses have been re- Of all quack-medicines, those whicl* 
qelrata produce the same effect ; or the contain opium are attended with the 
victim of inconsiderate indulgence has, worst consequences ; we do not wish to 
through advice, or his own opinion, that be understood, that a small quantity of, 
a longer continuance would be injurious, the •* pectoral balsams," u cough-drops," 
laid tbem aside. The uneasiness, indi- &c. when only given occasionally, in ca- 
sjesboo, fee. produced by the want of the tarrhal affections, can produce any bad- 
accustomed stimulus, have, however, effects ; but it is their continued employ- 
been so distressing, and the determina- ment, in cases which absolutely do not 
tkm to leave of the other so fixed, that a require it, that ought to be reprobated, 
small quantity of any spirituous liquor In instances of depression of spirits, we 
has been made use of to remove the un- might as well have recourse to the bran* 
easy sensations— which effect it produ- dy, as the laudanum jIBhle — both being 
ees ; and, upon a recurrence of the same followed by the saroaHfcsults io the long 
symptoms, is again and again repeated, run. It may bejwid that opium canuot 
till aa habitual dram-drinking is induced, be so injurious, as we see the Turks, and 
with all its distressing 9tqudm. It may magy of the orientals, in the daily habit 
be said that those circumstances are but ot chewing large quantities of it ; we, 
of rare occurrence ; but that is not the grant that, in the adult frame, its effects 
esse— those who nave suffered pernicious may not be so immediately percepuble, 
habits to spring forth in this manner are but Time, " whose ample sweep strikes 
sever disposed to allow it ; but it is a empires from the root," sufficiently dia- 
lect too glaring to be contradicted, and covers them, 
cannot be reprobated in too severe terms. ........ .. -W . M .« ute rolls apace, 

From using the laudanum as a medicine, And that iiworabla disease, old age, 
and occasionally to remove ewnui, the Io Toothful bodies mere se?erely felt, 
female of rank hnds every day fresh . oc- More sternly active,shakes their blasted prune; ' 
nawinn for it,and a larger and larger quen- Except kind Nature, by some hasty blov, 
thy is required, till at length she feels it Prevent the ling'riog fates. For know, eial- 
smposstbleto subsist without it, and is BeySnd iu aatnral fervour harries oa 
never m spirrts till hjf accustomed pota- Tlicsaii^ineUqe-whetherth«lftqisatijawl, 
ton has been taken. (fcie<of the first Hifh-i*aWdfiu«,orei*rchctotett 

S ATaanavM. Vol.*. 

Digitized by 


M Danger of Quad Mancmts. [m.t 

*otracied^-ipori to Its last •tagetb'd life, what he considered evident fatal affix* 
y And sows tbe teaples with enthaely mow." fro ra op ; ura . ^ boU, o^^ in ^ 

The evils however, which result to the dren under the age of three months, and 

adult age from the use of empirical ram- they were both the children of poor pa- 

edies,Bre not nearly so numerous as rants. In the first, on account of a diar- 

those which we see daily happen tochil- rbtea, which bad reduced the little soffit- 

dren : nurses ere too apt, whenever the or to a state of great emaciation, about 

child exhibits the least restlessness, to one-third of a grain of opium bad been 

run immediately to the syrup of poppies, imprudently given ; in the course of half 

Godfrey's Cordial, Ac. till it is never at on hour afterwards it was staaMLprith 

rest except when under their influence ; drowsiness, attended at first withcobvnl- 

•ad it is easy to see, in tbe tender coosti- sions ; but these soon went ott, and left 

Unions of infants, what must be the issue it in a state of complete insensibility— 

of such a practice. the pupils dilated, and the breathing very 

« The Tijoar daks, the habit netti away, "horious : in this state it continued for 

■ The eheerfal, pare, and ani m ate d Mown five hours, at the end of which time the 

Dm» from (be nee, with iqaalM atrophy writer saw it ; but the vital powen wewso 

DevDnr'd, la wllow awlancholy clad." fa exhausted, that no probability of its 

Dr. Chrke, of Nottingham, is of opin- ■"*»»«« many minutes sppeared ; en- 

ion that one-fourth of the deaths, dunnir "■»°«" 1 » t *w «•*» to produce evacaa- 

the period of infancy, which decor in t,on b * *• P^ ^«. hut withoat 

that town, is to be attributed to the abuse ■"""V the f h,,d d, ? d aboo J Wf m M 

of opium: this certainly seems s great «»o«7«« we fitat aaw it. Inthesecood 

proportk», but it is sufficient to sbew "" (which happened so lstely as the 

that the abuse is very extensive. Heob- T w^k.)^ mother, on account of rert- 

serves, « very few are sensible to what T^Hl ■ t "£ J^M * "^ 

an extent this practice prevails in Isrge '"* "" " • ~l °' ** mtuMt ! n l> 

manufacturing towns : the druggists °? tb ? e "x** *** °«"»y • Cerm.oat.fs ; 

shop is the grand emporium for this ,** u,f f nt ' howeror ' *«> continued rest- 

deadly poison, neariy half his rime is em- »«• w ^ recuse ww had to tlie symn 

ployed in forming or dispensing its com- JrJW"' ^l* 8 "T^ W "^ 

pounds : the quantity sold tothe poorer tbe *!f *" ?*" no ^ * ■•* 

class is far beyond the conjecture of »P~"f«! ?f *» lartmediciiie bad bees 

those who have not made it an object of fc~ ™* tw ? ". three teo-spooofob^f 

enquiry :— from a rough estimate, which *?"> » J c "f«"» 5 •»»«* half an boar 

tbe reporter has procured from the ven- fT™* *? ""•«»"■ * ■«*»• 

dersoftbese articles, in this town (Not- fol,owed M » *e last case, sod, frem 

tingham), he is enabled to affirm, that 2™ "■^T^I «*«««*, »o adnce 

upwards of iOOlbs. of opium, aod above *" »««•" «fter till toe late; aathecMd 

800 nwto of Godfrey's Cordial, are re- d,ed « ""withstanding every suentooa. 

tailed to the poorer class in the year.» >t may perhaps be observed that thess 

It would be difficult to form an estimate -y"M» ■»■»*» have arisen, whether 

of the quantity sold in this metropolis ; °P ,Um had - been P" m w «*> ■"* cef ' 

bntitevideotly must be immense. Whal to ">ly. »« far as arcumstantial evidenos 

most be tbe affection of a mother, who ?*& w «n»y <™n<tently aecnbetbem 

can, for tbe sake of a few moments' ease t0 ^ P ** "' ,»• m *>*> *• 8WBB 

to herself, ruin the health of her offspring; ^Pf™ took plana, and about thesame 

and, if not carry it off in if infancy, & P enod , after ,to «**•*». We do . «t 

the foundation of innumerable diseases m ^ to «y. ^ «.fmall qoanuty oftta 

in more advanced life t syrup of poppies will be always attended 

It has been the lot of tbe writer of this ™ l . h th T. %*"***.'*?' > ** V" 

article to meet lately with two cases of lf thert ^ bo * * P"**™^ that they 

i— : ■— may occur, surely it becomes a matter of 

* Edinboreh Medical aod seixicalJouroal, the highest importance never to allow 

2? 1 ; 'I^ZT? ^. E ? ch " once o«* Godfrey's Cor- (hem to be given, except incases of abso- 
diat, besides the oleaxiooiB aod ipiriteeus por- . . * j*mT ""-f" « 

tioM, conteiiis U grata of opiam. ^ ,tt te necessity, end where their uuhty » 

Digitized by 


vol. 2.] Parisian AnecdoU $ Po Uoning of the Sick at Acrc—ldfayeUe. 01 

confirmed by skilful persons ; and we ought also to be taken that the dose is not ^ 
strongly caution parents against adminis- too frequently repeated, otherwise the * 
teeing opium to children under any form same effects would more tardily, but not 
whatever, whether under that of syrup of less certainly, arise, as if a larger had 
poppies, Godfrey's Cordial, or any other been taken at first. 
— the first of which is at best but a very It was the writer's intention to have 
uncertain preparation even when proper- entered into the consideration of the ef- 
ly prepared : but it is frequendy formed fectsof many other empirical remedies — 
by drjKrats, in order to save trouble, by but this he has given up ; as well on ac- 
addiajH|nty*fi?e drops of laudanum to count of the prolixity of the preceding 
an ounce of syrup. More than half a history, as from the hope that he shall be 
tee-spoooftil of this should never be given able to pursue it at another opportunity. 
to a child under six months old, and it In an enlightened nation, like our own, 
should, even then, on no account be con- it is, however, a singular circumstance, 
joined with the use of Godfrey's Cordial, that the government, for the sake of in- 
or any other quack-medicine presumed creasing its revenue, should set at stake 
to contain opium : and in every instance, the health, and even lives, of its subjects ; 
where practicable, we should recommend and that, in spite of the numerous in- 
the question to be put to a medical man stances of fatal effects ascribed to quack- 
— whether or no it may be given with remedies, no remedy has been proposed, 
safety; where this cannot be convenient- But we earnestly express a hope that, at 
ly done, however, no harm in most in- at no distant period, thro' the exertions 
sumcea, we are persuaded, could occur, of some philanthropic individual, the sub- 
from employing it as above stated ; when ject may be brought before, and meat 
the child is above six months old, a tea- with that attention from the legislature, 
spoonful may be ventured upon, and so which it so highly merits, 
on as the child advances in age. Care Aug. 1817. Philos. 


PARISIAN ANECDOTES, 1815, 16\ 17. 

9nm tht Mwr MomUf llipil 1 I. 

poisoning of tub sick French troops right in censuring this action in a phi- 
befobb acre. losophieat point of view ; but he does 

ARON Desgenettes, physician in ru>t pay a sufficient regard to the politic- 
1 chief to the French army under ok side of the question, nor does he con- 
Buonapaate, was taken prisoner at Wil- *Mer that above aU I could not let them 
na in 181*, but the Emperor Alexander M into the hands of the Turks." Sir 
generously sent him back to France. Robert requested Desgenettes to repeat 
Sir Robert Wilson, who' was at that these words before Sir Charles Stuart, 
time at the Russian head-quarters, show- our ambassador at Pans, and his aide- 
ed much friendship to Desgenettes, and de-camp Captain Charles, 
used bis influence in his behalf. When lafaybttk. 

this officer arrived in Paris in July ( 1814, Bmmf9m ^ tf Lafayette : JB *'* 
after Buonapartes return from Elba, he fl . JJ^^^ j^a*, . c Vsl 
there met with Desgenettes, who inform- A tf A L ^Z^ Lafayette protest 
ed hirn that Buooaprte, after nis retreat ^^jEt, assumption of the 
from Russia, had questioned Jrnn con- im ^ dignity-bat afterwards addiea- 
ceruing Wilson (who in his .History of J^ ^ ^ ir of four pages, filled 
the Campaign m Egypt, had first made ^ ^^ e^p^^^ of his a^e* 
public tie poisoning of the wounded _ New MvnJ&ag. Aug. 1817. 
French before St. Jean d Acre — a com- ^ ^ 

mistiou which Buonaparte gave to Des- buonapartb and murat. 

genettes but which was indignantly re- The following account, in the histo- 
fused by the latter) and thus expressed ry of these two personages, who have 
himself:—" General Wilson may be formerly cut so conspicuous a figure on 

Digitized by 


ft BtruMcn An ed b i m Re veC$&*a*euL [vol.* 

the grand theatre of hitman life, b chiefly Plaigne and m eery wicked women, the 
gleaned faom the attestations of Mr. inarriage took place at St Germain, k 
, t tbe rarity of whoae statements, the neighbourhood of Madaaae Cam- 
relative to the Napoleoo family and coo- pan's residence, and who her knowledge, 
nections, we have as hitherto had little About two months after, the enfortuaate 
reason to doubt ; and though our pages Revel was thrown into a dungeon, false- 
ars never dedicated to aught that can bear ly accused of having forged a bUI of e*> 
the shadow of scandal on any individual, change, and after enduring many berba* 
yet the depravity of manners exemplified rous acts of oppr es s i on, Iris coomb* to a 
in the most conspicuous female characters divorce was extorted from Qs^^s a 
in the following history, ought, we condition of dropping the prosecution 
think to be set up as a distinguished against brat : his wife, about the aims 
mark for the disgust and deprecation of that he was east into prison, became an 
every virtuous female in a land where a inmate in the family of Moral, under the 

vitiation of moral sentiment has not yet* specious denommalion of Ltdrioe tt 

we thank Heaven, amongst all our inno- dame o^awnonoe to the Princess Cnro- 

vations, been put in practice, o^ we hope, line, the wife of Marat, hut in reality as 

even imagined. his awstress, end sn bso qn o ntry she he* 

The following piece of ** Secret Hie* came the mistreat of finenaparte. The 
tory" comprises Murat, Buonaparte, divorce was, as the husband declares, 
Madame Campan, and Messrs. La Bon extorted bv violence ; but, not cooteat 
and Masson, advocates. What will with that, his persecutors kept him un- 
appear extraordinary, M. JLnlly Tollen- der a state of $urveillance eight yean, 
del, one of Louis the Ei ghte enth's prin- distant from ms home and s epa rate d 
eipal favourites, in order to invalidate from his two children, which he had by 
the charge against Madame Campan, a farmer marriage, and who, during aU 
brought by the offended party, of her that time, were dep r ivnd of every sop- 
being an infamous deluder of young fe- port and assistance, for when first ar- 
xnales to their ruin, thought proper late- rested he was robbed of all his money, 
ly to insert a letter in the French papers, amounting to one hundred thousand 
praising her for her virtues and for her iivres, and his household furniture. His 
excellent manner of educating her pu- allowance in prison was only eighteen 
pib,tho' it is notorious that this disgrace sous per diem. To give due weight 
to the title of matron introduced them and interest, however, to this event, it 
to Napoleoo andMuratfor several years, is requisite to narrate it in the words of 

Madame Campan was formerry/emme Revel himself, who pleaded his own 

ate ehambre to Marie Antoinette, and cause on tbeprocess,Dec.l815,and who 

no doubt the old court was as much in- speaks in the following affecting manner, 

debted to her kind offices as that of Na- on the course of life adopted by bis wife. 

poJeon. Sometime about the year 18Q5, revel's statement. 
an officer of Dragoons, of the name of " Who could have imagined that the 

Revel, paid his addresses to Mademoi- modest Eleouore, the very model of po- 
selle Eleouore La Plaigne, a native of rity and attention to her duties, (bat in- 
Paris, and then only s i x te e n years of teresting virgin whose face was covered 

age. Revel first saw her at the play, with innocent blushes when she first 

was introduced ttT bar family by means beard me mention the word love, who, 

of a friend; and soon obtaining the I repeat, could have imagined that in two 

permission of her parents to solicit her months after her marriage she would 

hand, in some time after she accepted sacrifice her husband, and afterwards 

bis add re ss es, and they were married at her parents for the purpose of throwing 

8t Germain. - When Revel first saw herself headlong into a course of infamy ! 

his future spouse, she was then at home Who would have thought that the 

for the vacation from Madame Caropan's daughter of a La Plaigne would have 

boarding-school, to which she returned crowned heads bowing at her feet ; that 

before her marriage. On account of she would be able to enchain the mon- 

^ifierence between Madame La star waich had devoured so many living 

Digitized by 


vou %1 Parisian Anecdote* — Buompartt Ami the Countess of Luzburg. Q3 

beings, and which had covered Europe instr uctre s s nothing ; she who had ana* 
with the cloth of mourning, and filled it tyed her to play ostensibly the character 
wi^b funeral urns ! Buch, nevertheless, of a theatrical Princess on the Btajje of 
it the part which Eieonore La Plaigne tlie world. When the first aide of an 
hat played, and who even pushes her affair pleases, the others seduce. Mad* 
effrontery to that length, as to be willing ame Murat saw, that in affording protuc- 
to shew at this day the deformity of her tioo to Eteonore she would enjoy a 
soul at the same tribunal where she dar- reputation with the pubfcc for sensibility 
ec^p appear under the character of an of sewti, (brgenerosity^ad for virtue. She 
iajPpU woman, in order to disannul made no hesitation ; Eieonore became 
her first marriage, by saeans of a judg- her companion, her confidante, and recei- 
menraa much to be condemned as her Ted the title of her Lectrice ekaac (fan* 
own life. nonce. 

44 The history of her wickedness wouW " The introduction of Eleooore kite* 
fill volumes, but then k would be reqot- the pejace of Moras, with the appvoba*- 
site to follow her through all the wander- tion of his wife, was the chief end of the 
ings, of a courtezan ;* to me only be- contrivance— the very knot of the in- 
tongs, in pleading against her, for the trigue ; and she paid by her dishonour 
purpose of recovering my right, to pub- the Aerate Prince for that hospitality 
liah nothing but the tacts connected with which his better half had permitted him 
my cause. After my arrest, Eieonore to indulge. 

presented herself to Madame Murat aa M This commerce continued some 
the victim of a criminal and degraded time, and I never well knew why Eleo- 
husband. Madame Ceropan reoom- nore was sent to a boarding»school at 
mended the interesting, afflicted lady, Cbantilly : doubtless it was to edify the 
this beloved child, this angel of pro- morals of the establishment that tins 
deaoe, reared by her hands. vestal was there iat reduced. In their 

M This august lady could not see the processions she carried the banner. Col- 
unfortunate companion of her school onel Fiteau, who was in garrison with 
days at her feet, without feeling the ten- his regiment at Cbantilly, recognized 
derett sympathy in her distress. She her in a ceremony, carrying the standard 
pressed Eieonore to her bosom, and of salvation, which her bands profaned ; 
granted her, .together with her powerful he could not help laughing at the choice, 
protection, an asylum in her palace. of the iunocent lady who bad been the 

u Madame Murat, who is as avari- object of their selection. The Colonel 
dona as she is jealous, would have re- knew me, he*was acquainted with my 
fused the smallest assistance, had not re- history and that of my wife, but being a 
couaje been had to stratagem, and would prudent mad he divulged nothing, and 
have rather sought to remove at a dis- the Ltctrice dame cTanwmce, now be- 
tance than to have brought nigh to ban come a boarder, was not known in the 
person a young woman distinguished interior of the establishment. 
for attractions, which must have alarm- " The, return of Eieonore to the house 
ad her coquettish disposition. But of Madame Murat, proves that her coui- 
Madame Campaa enjoyed every de- merce with the husband was not known 
gree of power over the Princesses to the wife. Madame Campan alone 
oi the imperial dynasty, as she her* can explain the mystery of the seminary 
self told me at St. Germain. Her where Eieonore resided at Cbantilly. 
former pupil, Madame Murat. who was Her commerce with the prince being re- 
indebted to her for the formal part of sumed, Madame Murat began to per- 
her education, for the elegance of her ceive the treachery of her fiur oempao- 
toilettes, and, above all, for the perfoc- ion : ferocious at having furnished her- 
tion of her cu rtesi es, could refuse her self with a rival, she ran to Dnoampsrte, 

• We have foond'imnelvea under the ne- denounced the pair of criminals, and 
eevity ef mutilating, a part of this ipeecb t demanded vengeance. 

£!£!Efi D1 V" T e ^F" £ f mo fcj, H * The g™ at mtm Piwniaed his sister 
ansoaiid being too strung for the generality A ^ * 18 -n * • • • A .1 . i 
tfeaTnfr letters. * y to go to Neudly, to mqm»^ Ae bj> 

Digitized by 


94 Parisian An*cdoU*—Di»grQceful Gaftantrus. [vot. t 

He announced his intention a ** Buonaparte enjoyed repose from the 
short time after, and a /lie was prepare cares of government in the visits that he 
ed for him : the sentence was to be paid his mistress ; but as he really loeed 
pronounced at table. The guilty lady, ber, he required a letter from her every 
intimidated, and with eyes bent on the day : Eleonore, who was devoid of nat- 
£round, awaited her condemnation : the ural talents, was still more deficient in 
judge had eiamined ber a long time in that spirit of intrigue and levity which 
silence ; he drew near, and either from suited such a correspondence. Madame 
accident, absence of mind, or trick, let Campan might become ber secretaajL; 
fail upon her gown a cup of coffee, bat fortune makes people prouo^tJP 
which he held in his hand. Madame Campan was not a person dis- 

" Eleonore, who was well instructed posed to glean after the harvest was over, 
by Madame Campan in the art of feign- Madame Plaigne, with less erudition and 
ing emotion, possessed, in a very high rectitude, poss ess ed as much ingenuity, 
degree, the talent of shedding tears, and more activity t Eleonore nominated 
Under the present circumstances, agttat- ber her secretary, and constituted herself 
ed with fears for the future, and piqued, transcriber. 

on account of the accident which expos- " This epistolary corre spon dence had 
ad her to ridicule, she wept, in the midst charms for Buonaparte. The letters of 
of laughs and sarcasms, with a degree Eleonore recompensed him for the enxie- 
of grace and modesty which was en- ties which Europe gave him ; but these 
chanting. Buonaparte felt, for the first letters, full of gaiety, became all at once 
time, that he had a heart ; he declared cold and languid: the fere was aslontsb- 
hts flame in the language of a lover, in ed, and wished to know the reason of the 
the ear of Eleonore, and signified his change ; — a quarrel between Eleonore 
choice in the manner of a sovereign, by and her mother was the cause, 
a look towards his favourite. u Eleonore bad a little sister, of whose 

" The courtiers, who had been amus- education and fortune she had taken 
ing themselves with the critical situation charge: means were not wanting to her 
in which Eleonore was placed in tbe/lte, accomplishing the promises she had 
in which she figured as the accused par- made her mother in favour of the little 
ty, trembled the moment they beheld Zutroa ; but entirely engrossed by the 
her elevation. She became the person most sordid avarice, she refused to sup- 
thro 9 whom they must pay their homage ply her with the essential and even mod- 
to him. Buonaparte's avowing a mis- erate articles. Madame La Pls%ne fre- 
tress was hitherto to them a thing with- quently reproached her wifh this negli- 
out example. The event astonished gence, and Eleonore, indolent and seU 
them, and opinions were divided ; each fish, did not 001x611 it The petulance 
formed his projects of making himself of Madame La Plaigne could not be 
agreeable to her who was thus proclaim- cayfined by equivocal expressions ; she 
ed sultaness : Madame Murat herself spoke io the tone of a motherland Eleo- 
dissembled her resentment. Had* Eleo- nore in that of an angry Princess^ and 
nore pos ses s e d the talents of Madame she turned her mother and sister oat of 
Dubarri, she might have dispensed fa- doors, and thus awkwardly deprived her- 
vours as the did ; bet, a mere statne, seif of the pen which till then had pro- 
whhoui soul, she limited her ambition to longed the enchantment, 
carriages, to gowns, to gold, and die- u Buonaparteordered his mistress to St. 
monds. Transported beyond her sphere, Cloud, and wished ber to explain the 
she knew not how to profit by her good enigma of ber style ; she had recourse to 
fortune— Madame Campan made more tears, but these tears no longer resembled 
of it tbose of Neui lly ; possession had destroy- 

." Madame Plaigne seeing her daugh- ed die illusion, and Eleonore took her 
ter exalted to such- a degree of elevation, departure almost in disgrace, 
repented her of the scene at St Germain, " She alighted in Paris at Madame 
which Eleonore did not forget and she Campan's, and recounted her mi sad v en- 
asked pet^psf - necessity obtained it ture. This celebrated instructress mea- 

Digitized by 


vol %"} Captain Ram?* 8taUment~Parisian Hospitals, 6f& 05 

wred the depth ofthe abyss, on the brink hoeband, to declare the above Ule to be* 
of which Eleonore was then placed, and no fiction ; it requires but little com* 
told her of what she herself was ignorant, moot ; it serves to show to what a pitch 
thaf she was in a way to be soon a moth- of depravity the female, who wilfully 
er. Eleonore wrote a letter under the departs from the rectitude of conduct and 
direction of this celebrated lady, in which, purity of principle, may arrive ; and tho' 
after deploring her misfortune, in losing her imperial lover provided bis Eleonore 
the affections of her lover, she announce with a husband, a M. Augier de la Sens- 
ed herself a mother ! saye, who was destined to cast a veil - 
jAuooaparteoa hearing this news for- over the disrepute of her former life, yet 
got ms displeasure ; be saw himself the no cloak, however ample its folds, or 
father of a child of whom decency would impenetrable its texture, can conceal the 
make it in some degree necessary for deformity of her mind, or any colour of 
him to conceal the origin. It is easy to reputation varnish over her neglect and 
conceive to what a height the credit of cruelty to the author of her being, and 
the mother of the imperial scion had her contempt of the most sacred duties. — 
risen. Gold was lavished in abundance ; La BeUe A$sem. 
Regnault de St. Jean Angely supplied Parisian hospitals. 
the rouleaus ; and Regnault has never a report made to the council-general 
forgotten the maxim, that charity begins f Hospitals in Paris, relative to thestate 
at home ;— the greatest share of the cash f tn0 se establishments from 1803 to 
did not fall to ELonore. Igl4 contains some important facts. 
" Though this pregnancy was an in- They are divided into two classes called 
vention of Madame Campan's, chance Hoejntaux and tf osptces ; the former, 
made it real ; Eleonore did actually be- ^ \ a number, being designed for the 
come a mother, and was delivered of a s j c fc ^4 diseased ; and the latter, which 
son on the 13th of December, 1806, amount to nine, affording a provision for 
which was christened by the name of helpless infancy and poor persons afflic- 
Leon, the diminutive of Napoleon.* ted with incurable in tirmities. The Ho- 
From that moment the credit of Eleo- u t j) leu% &e most ancient of the Hospi- 
nore knew no bounds; Buonaparte grant- tela, contains 1200 beds. The general 
ed her every thing she asked. The ex- mortality i n the hospitals has been I in 
cellent pupil of Madame Campan requir- 7^ aod in tbe kospices I in 6 j ; and it 
ed that her mother should be arrested, it j^ been more considerable among the 
was done at once ; Madame La Plaigne womM than the men. It is found that 
was conveyed to the Madelonettes. She wherever rooms of the same size are 
afterwards desired she might be transport- pkced one over another, the mortality 
ed, aod the minister of police gave orders ^ greatest in the uppermost. In the 
to that effect." Hospice de t Accouchement, in 1814, 
We have the authority of the injured ^h ere were delivered 2,700 females, of 

- _ — w hom 2,400 acknowledged that they 

~-&&$S%^$£tt % ™ ■— "W- In the ,e„ years f ro m 
1806, rcjrJtCty of the birth of Leon,a male,boro 1804 to 1 HI 4, there were admitted into 
•0 fte 13th of the said month, at two o'clock ^ Ho$pkr. de CAUaitemerU, or Found- 
a Uk morning, in the Rue de la Victor, the .. „ r . . _«, AtLt ^ , , _,_ M ^ A 

mof Mademoiselle Ektnwe Denuel, a*ed »ng Hospital; 23,45& boys, and 22,463 § 
twenty years, born in Puns, aod of a father girls, total 45,921 children, only 4,130 
wbohiabsefiL The wituewes have been M. -r «Kr>m »«m mmhiti J i« Ka U~,".i-' 
M.Jaequis Rene Marie Ay me, an<J*eeram! ot whom were presumed to be legitt- 
Treasarer of tbe Legion of Honour, dwelling mate. Toe mortality of anfants in the 

? *tt* u Geo ?*i F T- ?•» and f' u jj ,uume An * first year afiftr their, birth wns under I. 
seal, Doctor of Medictoe, and Phyt»tcian to r* • a l . oc*.™\^ • 1 

< of the Invalids, dwcUint there, During the ten years, 355,000 sick were 
apt* the requisition of M. Pierre Marchais, admitted into the hospitals, and 59,000 
e&$ffi&$J%$^£ P™ person, into the hospice. The 
above-mentioned witnesses, have signed with total number that received relief out of 
at, LoabPieard. the Mayor's Adjunct, who these establishments in 1813, which 
apXT&PT ^^ ° f *"*' »•• -bout tbe averege of the, period, 
IUuuii, Ante, AN»su,ead Picaip." wee 103,000, of whom 2 1,009 belonged 

Digitized by 


~- M Poctkal OkarecUr of Dtnkanu [ve>t« 

to the department of the Seine, Some and with die others, the derangement of 
pains hare been taken to ascertain the their alfiurs, that most frequently pro- 
dtflerent causes of mental derangement duces tUa elect The calamities of the 
It appears that among the maniacs the revolution were another cause of madness 
number of women is generally greater m both sexes : and it is worthy of re- 
than that of men. Among the younger mark, that the men were mad with 
females, love is the moat common cause aristocracy, the women with democracy, 
of insanity ; and among the others, Excessive grief occasioned lunacy in the 
jealousy or domestic discord. Among men ; whereas the minds of the females 
the younger class of males, it is the too were deranged by ideas of independence 
speedy development of the passions; andequality.— iV«D Alon.M. May 1817* 


-, ~dedetrepttliapUe*it. Ilea. by introducing moral, political, and his- 

Will please th<Naore, the oftener re-perused, tond reflections, he has given an addi- 

WHEN an author has acquired un- tional charm and interest to the whole, 
usual Celebrity by a small com* He has pourtrayed the rapacious and 
position, it is natural to inquire into the despotic Henry the Eighth in just and 
circumstances on which that celebrity is vivid colours ; he has so expressed hira- 
founded. Perhaps no literary performance self on the subject of the Thames, as to 
of equal size ever conferred upon its wri- have associated his name with that river, 
tor a portion of fame equal to that which so long as that river shall run ; and who 
Denham derived from his * Cooper'sHill.' can read his description of the Hunted 
To what has this been owing? Was it be- Stag, without mixed emotions of melan- 
cause, according to Johnson, it was the choly delight ? 

first specimen among British authors of But if Cooper's Hill has many beau- 
local poetry ? Doubtless this was a prin- ties, it has also some imperfections. The 
ci pal cause; though Shakspeare had long versification is in many places rugged 
before introduced into one of his plays a and inharmonious ; and we too often 
beautiful sketch of real local scenery, in meet with sentences continued from the 
* the instance of Dover CtHR Still, how- end of one line into the beginning of 
ever, Cooper's Hill may be considered another, (a beauty in blank verse, but a 
as the first distinct and complete speci* fault in couplet composition), instead of 
men in the English language of land- having the expression completed with 
scape poetry embracing objects notjicti- the word that rhymes. The illustrations 
tious, but reaL This, therefore, was the are sometimes absurd and unnatural, 
principal cause of the author's celebrity ;%For instance : 
yet this alone would not have been suffi- As rivers lost in seas, some secret jein 
cient ; other concurring circumstances Thence recooveys, there to be lost again, 
must be joined with it ; namely, the Never was a river lost in the sea, and 
choice of landscape, and the manner in thence reconveyed by any secret vein or 
which it has been executed. subterraneous channel, therein to be lost 

The point of view which Denham so- ^ n> except m a p^g fa,,™ • 
Itcted exhibited grand and interesting Again; the comparison of the Tbamea 
scenery. London is the farthest range t0 a bird in the act of incubation, 
of the eye — here the royal bfXtlements of ~. ... . . . ,.^ ... . 

WindJUbere the ruins of w ancient ^J^SSE^r^^ 

,, . , . . n . . Aim oatcnes plenty for m ensuiog spring, 

abbey — the plain of Runnymede — and . 

the Thames majestically flowing in the M without fitness or dignity, 
fore-ground. There is much obscurity, tf not unin- 

It must be confessed that the poet baa telligibiiity in the follow. eg lines i 
depicted with great spirit the various ob- Cm knowledge have *> bound, bat mast ad- 
jects that appeared before him,; and that 80 faM^taaae m wish for ignorance, 

Digitized by 


««.«.] PrttentStaU^AtGrtdainAtiarMmor. 97 

Aa6 ntber in the dark to pope oorway, Bat wealth it crine enough to bttnthafi poor. 
l^Wh J afi^ 1P ,ide to ,rrh y d, yJ And when deacribing that tymnt'. abo« 

As before remarked, tbe character of of power, be says, 

Great Britain, although we cannot but lty ° f the HuDted S,a * ' 

execrate the motif©* which actuated the Uke • de c |inln K «ttUe*mao left forlorn 

person bfr whom that work was aecom* To hii friend,§ P 1 ^ *»* P""^ •««• 

plished. Io this instance, the ¥1088 of And again : 

tbe Sovereign, paradoxical as it may FIihIi that ancertaJa ways aiwafert are, 

sound, were a blesang to the nation. And doubt a greater mischief that despair. 

ta^^iil^^ 611 **£" The » <» the relative condition between 

the descriptive poem under consider*- ^ ^^^gH ftn d the rjeonle • 
tion would have conferred upon its a*. 80verei « tl and tde P^P* • 

thor that high degree of celebrity which Tyraatand slave, these names of hate aad feary 

it did, but for the number of genera! re- T** h*PP''«* *yle of kin* and subject bear | 

flections or axioms with which it abounds; H **P# ***■ Mh to ike ** m€ ****? *«*> 

as, when mentioning the inhabitants of Whtn ***** f** H***** •■d «V«c<# love, 
the metropolis, the poet says, The immediately socceeding lines of 

Where with like haste, the* several wayi they this poem are full of animation and just 

- I"'-«j« —j a u j sentiment ; and the concluding simile is 

Some to undo, and some to be undone. ^ . . \ .., • ^ 

a a _u i .u e tt natural and illustrative. 

And when marking the rapacity of Hen- i„/ „ , ft , T 
iy the Eighth, he says, J^, 1817. 


tnm tttt Mtmthly Mafcttlat. 

((^inBaieMaT'sVoyMealonetheSmrtl. limits, even of the present states, cannot 
Coast of Asia- Minor, just from the press, it . „ __ • • ».l1 - • • OL , 

a work of little pretention, hot of K Veat be ascertained with any precision. She]- 
merit. He was permitted by the adnurultV tered from all effectual control of the 

servient to the interests of literature. Few rus, the ball-independent and turbulent 
parts of the world are more Interesting to pashas, amongst whom they are paf- 
isvers of ancient history and classical an- ' n . mt ^ an ° twii A «**, «,s« a a„„* ««♦♦„ L*« 
tiqoities than these provinces, and the <«»lfd, are engaged in constant petty hos- 
wretched aspect of misery and desolation tihties with each other ; so that their 
which they piwnt,arordstoimhticalecon. respective frontiers change with the issue 
•mists and moralists an effective example of . r . t> . 

tbe dire consequences of despotism, li aj»- ot every skirmish. Groaning under that 
pears that the sea, which formerly had re- worst kind of despotism, this unfortunate 
treated from this coast, u encrnacbinffagain; collntrv ha« heen a mntinupd «tf>nA at 
and some other farts will prove intereulug col,otr y nas *?** a continued scene Ot 
to geological inquirers.] anarchy, rapine, and contention ! her 

j former cities are deserted, — her fertile 

THE name ol K*ramania is common- * al,ies »ntilled,-and her rivers and har- 
ly applied, by Europeans, to that »°im . ,d,e - # . . , . . # 

mountainous tract of countrjwbich forms _ TJns country was colonized by that re- 
the southern shore of Asia. Minor ; but, *™ d «* population of ancient Greece 
bowever convenient such a general ap- ^i^b had »adually spread over thereat 
foliation may be, as a geographical d£ of Asia- Minor and which had every 
tioctioo, it is neither used by the present * here introduced the same splendid con- 
inhabitants, nor is it recognized as the captions, the same sur^nomy in^ 
•eat of government. that had "™ortahzed theparent count*: 

renames and boundaries of the an- -»t was once the seat of learning .and 
pre^n^are obliterated; and the " cbes » f nd the theatre of some ot tbe 
Atwcxcom. Vol.*. m° st celebrated events that history utt» 

Digitized by 



Captain Btattfori* Voyage. 

[vol. 2 

folds : it wa* signalled by the exploits aWy this is die place to which Pliny al- 
of Cy ros and Alexander ; and was dig- ludes in the following passage :— "Mount 
nified by the birth and labours of the U- Chimswa, near Phasetis, emits an nnceaa- 

lustrions apostle of the Gentiles. 


We had seen from the ship, the pre* 
ceding night, a small but steady light 
among the hills : on mentioning the cir 

ing flame, that bams day and night.* 1 
We did net, however, perceive that the 
adjacent mountains of Hephaastia were 

nao inflammable as be describes 
The late Colonel Rooke, who 
h>ed for many years among the islands 
cumstance to the inhabitants, we learned of the Archipelago, informed toe that, 
that it was a yanar, or volcanic flame, high up on the western mountain of Sa- 
and they offered to supply us with horses mos, he had seen a flame of the same 
and guides to examine it kind, but that it was intermittent. 

We rode about two miles, through a Five miles north-east from Deliktash 
fertile plain, partly cultivated ; and then there are some small uninhabited islands, 
winding up a rocky and thickly wooded called by Turks and Greeks, the Three 
glen, we arrived at the place. In the in- islands. They are unnoticed by Strabo 
ner comer of a ruined building the wall and Ptolemy, but are probably the Three 
is undermined, so as to leave an aper- barren Cypria of Pliny* 
tore of about three feet diameter, and Opposite to these islands, and about 
shaped like the mouth of an oven;— from five miles in shore, is the great mono* 
thence the flame issues, giving out an in- tain of Takbtalu. The base, which is 
tense heat, yet producing no smoke on composed of the crumbly rock before - 
the wall : and, too' from the neck of the mentioned, is irregularly broken into 
opening we detached some small lumps deep ravines, and covered with small 
oi caked soot, the walls were hardly dis- trees ; the middle zone appears to be 
coloured. Trees, brushwood, and weeds, limestone, with scattered evergreen bush- 
grow close round this litde crater ; a small es ; and its bold summit rises in an iosu- 
stream trickles down the hill bard by, lated peak 7,800 feet above the sea. 
and the ground does not appear to feel There were a few streaks of snow left 90 
the effect of its heat at more than a few the peak in the month of August ; but 
feet distance. The hill is composed of .many of the distant mountains of the in- 
the crumbly serpentine already mention- tenor were completely white for nearly 
ed, with occasional loose blocks of lime- s fourth down their sides. It may be 
stone, and we perceived 00 volcanic pro- inferred from thence, that the elevation 
ductions whatever in the neighbourhood, of this part of Mount Taurus is not less 
At a short distance, lower down the than 10,000 feet, which is equal to that 
side of the hill, there is another hole, of Mount iEtna. 
which has apparently been at some time It is natural that such a striking fea- 
the vent of a similar flame ; but our guide ture as this stupendous mountain, in a 
asserted, that in the memory of man, country inhabited by an illiterate and 
there had been but the one, and that it bad credulous people, should be the subject 
never changed its present size or ap- of numerous tales and traditions: accord- 
pearance. It was never accompanied, ingly we were informed by the peasants, 
be *aid, by earthquakes or noises ; and it that there is a perpetual flow of the pur- 
ejected no stones, smoke, nor any nox- est water from the very apex ; and that, 
ious vapours — nothing but a brilliant and notwithstanding the snow, which we 
perpetual flame, which no quantity of saw still lingering in the chasms, roses 
water could quench. The shepherds, blow there all the year round. The 
be added, frequently cooked their vie- agha of Deliktash assured us that every 
tuals there ; and be affirmed, with equal autumn a mighty groan is heard to issue 
composure, that it was notorious that the from the summit of the mountain, louder 

£nar would not roast meat which bad than the report of any cannon, but unao- 
en stolen. companied by fire or smoke. He pro- 

This phenomenon appears to have ex- fessed his ignorance of the cause ; but, 
isted here for many ages ; as unquestioo- on being pressed for his opinion, hs 

Digitized by 


vol. *.] JVestnt Staie of tie Grefcs m Ana-Minor. 99 

gravely replied, that he believed it was tail tree, frequently a plum or an .apricot; - 
an annual summons to the elect to make the tendrils reach the loftiest as well as 
the best' of their way to Paradise. How- the lowest branches, and the tree thus 
ever amusing the agha's theory, it may seems to be loaded with a double crop of 
possibly be true that such explosions take fruit. Nothing can present a more de- 
place. The mountain artillery described lightml appearance than the intimately 
by Captains Lewis and Clarke, ia their blended greens and the two species of 
travels in North America, and simitar fruit, luxuriantly mingled. How allur- 
phenomena which are said to have occur- ing to the parched and weary traveller 
rod ia South America, seem to lend some in these sun-burned regions 1 and ia 
probability to the account. They have none perhaps will he meet with a more 
also a tradition, that, when Moses fled hearty welcome. In the Turkish 
from Egypt, he took up his abode near character there is a striking contrast of 
this mountain, which was therefore called good and bad qualities ; — though insa- 
Mootsa-daghy, or the mountain of Mo- tiably avaricious, a Turk is always hos- 
ses. May there not be some fanciful pitable, and frequently generous; though 
connexion between this story and the to get, and that by any means, seems to 
Yaaar already described ? That place be the first law of his nature, to give is 
and this mountain are not many miles not the last The affluent Mussulman 
asunder ; and the flame issuing from the freely distributes his aspers ; the needy 
thicket there, may have led to some con- traveller is sure of receiving refreshment, 
fused association, with the burning-bush and sometimes even the honour of shar- 
oa Mount Horeb, recorded in Exodus, ing bis pipe. His religion biuds him to 

THB COUNTRY "*&* h ' 9 &** teal eMm f wilh 0fead 

and water; and, on the public roads, 

From this singular spot we returned khans, where gratuitous lodging is given, 

by a different road, and halted at some tn d numerous fountains lor the benefit 

Turkish huts, or (more properly speak- of the thirsty passenger and his cattle, 

ing) heaps of loose stones, which, scarce- have been constructed by individual be- 

ly arranged into walls, support, by way nevolence. 

of roof, a covering of branches, leaves, lo this point of view, the character of 
and grass ; neither chimney nor window the modern Greeks would ill bear a corn- 
was to be seen ; and nothing more parison with that of their oppressors. 
wretched can be conceived than these Such a comparison, however, would be 
habitations. This, however, applies only unfair, for slavery necessarily entails a 
to the outside ; for, on our approach, the peculiar train of vices ; but if may be 
ladies had quickly retreated to their hoped, that the growing enefgy, which 
nooses, and our infidel eyes were not must one day free them from political 
allowed to peep into' those hallowed pre- slavery, will also emancipate them from 
cincta, In fine weather (and in that cli- its moral effects. 
mate three-fourths of the year are fine) 

the meo hve under the shade of a tree. THE *****«• 

To the branches are suspended their The Ramazan is a fast of a month's 

hammocks and their little utensils ; on duration, and is kept with real strictness ; 

the ground they spread carpets, upon the traveller and the sick being alone 

which the day is chiefly passed in Brook- exempted from its restraints. Between 

ing ; a mountain-stream, near which sun-rise and sun-set the Turks abstain 

they always ch use this umbrageous abode, from all victuals, and (what is to them a 

serves for their ablutions and their never- far more rigorous sacrifice,) from the use 

age; and the rieh clusters of grapes, of tobacco. The rich and the idle, in* 

which bang from every branch of the deed, suffer but little ; they sleep during 

tri-e, invite them to the ready repast the day, and feast and smoke all night ; 

The vines are not cultivated in this but the labouring classes feel it severely, 

part of Asia, in the same manner as in particularly when this fast, which takes 

the wine countries, where each plant is place every twelfth lunar month, occurs 

every year pruned down to the pare daring the long and sultry days of sum* 

stalk : they are here trained up to some roer. It is a singular incongruity in the 

Digitized by 


ltt> The Wanderer. [vol. S 

hatnan mind, {hit the mow burdensome rigrjd do we find the observance of its 
if the ritual of any religion, the more injunctions and prohibitions, . 


Chapter 1. every time be has come down, hot never 

TIE Major threw himself into a cor- so had as this before," — This he accom- 
ner of the chaise, and fell into a panied wijth touching his hat, at every 
Ipnd of waking nap, in which the gay syllable, and repeating M Your Honor** 
visions of Hope were mingled, such as at the end of every word, according to 
you may fancy (to save me the trouble the rule most religiously observed by all 
of describing them) to occupy the mind post-boys. — Mauricestopped hi* excuse** 
of a man just arrived from the East by inquiring whether there was any 
Indies, and enduring all the miseries of house near where the chaise could be 
travelling during a December night in sufficiently repaired to enable him to coo - 
Unfrequented cross roads, impelled by tinue his journey. The lad said that 
the strong desire of once more beholding there was a small ale-house at a short 
the authors of his being and the place of distance, but that he doubted whether 
his birth — he was fancying the mingled At that hour he should be able to pro- 
pleasure and surprise of his revered cure any assistance. Maurice was mucb 
parents, on their beholding him after a vexed ; bis anxiety to reach his home, 
period of ten years — when time bad then but a few miles distant, had been 
transformed the fair boy of fifteen, who gradually increasing as he drew nearer, 
with a heavy heart left their fostering and now bis hopes were likely to be 
care, seeking fame and fortune in a disappointed ; the darkness was impe- 
foreign clime, to the full-grown man, netraole on either side, and a violent 
Who returned with rank and riches equal thunder-storm, accompanied with a heavy 
to bis loftiest ambition. rain, began to pour upon them. He 

He was indulging most luxuriously desired the boy to go on to the house be 
in these fairy visions, when the pos- had mentioned ; who taking one of the 
tillion, with a carelessness usual to (us chaise lamp in his hand, and leaving 
fraternity, in galloping his horses down the horses, of whose running away be 
a steep declivity, threw down one of said there was not the least danger, one 
the unfortunate animals ; and the chaise being lamed with the fall and the other 
overturning, broke at the same moment quite blind, they proceeded to the house, 
one of the wheels and the chain of the which was within a few hundred yards. 
Major's thought, in a manner no less A comfortable fire in a large sanded 
abrupt than unpleasant. kitchen, the only sitting room in the 

Luckily he was not hurt ; and having house, greeted him on the door being 
extricated himself from the shattered opened ; the rustics who surrounded it 
vehicle, he* vented his anger in some instantly drew away to make room for 
pretty sharp reproofs on the luckless the stranger. Maurice took off his 
d&* e r> who made all possible attempts coat ; and while the boy was gone with 
Hlfavert his displeasure, by assuring bim, the man who officiated as waiter, boots, 
that the fault lay in the horse, or rather hostler, &c. &c. to ascertain the damage 
in the horse-dealer — " Please your done to the chaise, he sat down before 
honor," said he, " it's all the fault o' the fire, to observe the characters in the 
that cheating tyke, Ralph Martingale, room. On a bench at the further end 
the Yorkshire horse-dealer — he warranted sate some labourers, who were dis- 
the bor*e sound wind and limb, and free cussing over their evening draughts the 
from blemisn, only a week ago — and affaire of their different masters and the 
now he turns out both lame and blind ; state of crops, Arc* in the same manner 
be has bean out only three times, and as the mechanics of London talk of the 

Digitized by 


vouS:] The WWarer. *<H 

ministry and the pric* of stocks. Upon right in his vrnmd ; for althoagh ot some 

a seat near the fire sate a Jew, who times quite cheerful and merry, he was 

travelled with his box of merchandise at others absent, and did not seem to 

through the country villages, selling know what he was doing — that he would 

trinkets, rhubarb, Sec. ; this worthy was sometimes walk about in the church? 

a native of Duke V place; but having yards all night—and adoW, that ska 

been in his. youth in the occupation of a thought he had been crossed in love* 

candle-snuffer at a minor theatre, where poor gentleman, for that he wore a, 

he had studied stage-effect, and fancying miniature of a lady tied about his heck 

that a foreign dress wouW confer an with a black ribbon. She said, thai 

imposing appearance, and was calculated everyone respected him, the Children of 

to give importance to the medical part of the village all doated on him, he wa&tba 

his profession, he had taken the habit of companion of their sports, and their 

a Turk, in which be now traveled. adviser in all their difficulties — he bad 

While Maurice was amusing himself now kept his bed for some days, and she 

with observing these characters, the post- feared he would never quit it alive^n* 

boy returned with intelligence that the believed be was in a decline — the-clergy«% 

chaise was too much damaged to admit man of the parish was then with him, at 

of his proceeding on his journey. Maur- his own request. 

ice was much vexed — the post-boy made Maori ce was mnch interested in the 

an attempt at what he considered con- woman's account of the dying mans 

solatron, by telling bim, that if the chaise and the truth of it was undoubted i* 

had not been so much damaged, the his mind, for during the recital the tears 

horse was too lame to go on. No horses had stood in her eyes. He expressed a 

or conveyance could be obtained from wish to see the gentleman, for the pun* 

the house; and even if he had been in- pose of offering his assistance, if it could 

dined to proceed on foot, the storm con- be of service. The landlady thanked 

tinuing with unabated violence would him, and requested him to follow her : 

have prevented him. He found, there- leading the way up a small staircase, she 

fore, that he must ?tay there all night, conducted him to a chamber, the door 

however unwillingly ; and he mad* up of which she gently opened, and in a 

hi- mind to endure the evils which he whisper desired him to walk in — he 

could not remedy, with a degree of re- entered. 

signation and philosophy, which 1 would Upon a low bed at the end of a 

recommend as an example for my irrita- small, but dean, room, lay the emaciated 

^ble readers. form of a young man — the light of a 

The countrymen had by this time de- candle on a chair, shaded by the form of 

parted, and the Jew had retired to the the clergyman of the parish, who was 

loft. Maurice now asked the landlady kneeling by the bed side, cast a gleam on 

whether be could be accommodated the countenance oPthe sick man ; some 

with a bed. She said she feared but curls of dark brown hair, which had 

indifferently, for that the room appro- escaped from under his cap, bent over 

printed to the guests was occupied by a his cheek, which bore a hectic flush, and 

young man who was supposed to be but for the sunken appearance of his face, 

then at the point of death — but added, and the languor of his ey*s, might have 

sue would do the best she could to been mistaken for the glow ofhealth-^sf 

reader him comfortable. He thanked little girl about twdve years okJ, die 

her ; and then asked her, whether the daughter of the hostess, BtOod beside him 

dying man was a gnest, or one of her sobbing with suppressed but videjnt 

own family. She said he was a guest— emotion ; — the ecclesiastic' had ooadntk 

that he had lived there for some months ed his prayer, in which the dying man 

about three years ago ; since which time appeared to have been joining ; and 

she had not seen him until within the breathing a low but fervent assent to 

last two months, when he came again the devotions he had been engaged in, 

evidently much broken in constitution, he drew his eyes from the. uprai ed 

She said she •feared he was not quite position in which they had been placed, 

10* The Wanderer. [tot* * 

end turning them on the weeping girl, he He here sunk on hie pillow exhausted z 
calmed her sorrow, and endeavoured to he soon, however, recovered himself ; 
console her. Maurice had entered the and addressing himself to Maurice, con- 
room unobserved, and continued so until tinued, ** I know no right that I have to 
low ; when drawing forward, in* a few trespass on your patience by the history 
words he apologised to the sick man for of my misfortunes— but the early firiettdV 
bis intrusion, and said, that pawing ship which subsisted between us, and 
accidentally, be had heard of a gentle- which was broken by your departure for 
man's having been taking ill, be therefore the Indies, impels me." The Major 
begged to offer him any assistance in his looked astonished — the stranger proceed- 

C>wer. The sick man raised himself on ed — " Sorrow and Time may have made 
s elbow as well as his failing strength such ravages in my form as to prevent 
would allow ; and thanking turn tor his your recollecting Valentine Wharton ; 
kind attention to one so perfectly a but the moment you entered the room, I 
stranger, added, that be now felt himself remembered the companion of my boy- 
happtry beyond the want of any assis- ish sports, the friend of my youth." The 
lance which man could offer. As he Major immediately recognized, in the 
spoke this, although his voice was per* emaciated form before him, one whom 
fectly gentle, and his eye beamed with he had loved with all \he ardour of 
gratitude to the person making the offer, youthful friendship— they had been to- 
be seemed to utter it with a tone of gentle gether at a public school, and had both 
triumph, and laid an ironical emphasis quitted it at the time Maurice embarked 
en the sentiment, which did not accord for India. 

with the mildness of bis manner — it was He now repeated his offers of assist* 

a remnant of humanity, the last tinge of a aace, and begged he would have some 

bitterness of spirit which was not nat - medical advice. — " No, Maurice," said 

fal to him, but which the cruelty of the the dying man, " 'tis too late ; far be* 

world had infused into the milk of his yond the reach of medicine lies the dis- 

disposition — 'twas but a passing emotion, ease which brings me to an untimely 

Requesting the Major to take a seat near grave — the hand ol Death is on me— hit 

him, he told him, that he had for some approaches have been slow, but too sure 

time past been in the habit of travelling to be mistaken — my life has been,thougb 

much on foot ; and coming to this vi£ short, a melancholy one ; to any but 

lege, where he intended to stay some yourself it might not be interesting, but 

time, be had been taken ill — he contin- you will read with commiseration the 

wed, " You now see me, sir, on the eve circumstances of it — it has been some at* 

of my departure from this world — my leviation of my misery to trace them, 

death is fast approaching, but sorrow has and," presenting him with a small parch- 

taught me to look on death rather as a ment-covered book, " you will find them 

relief than as a terror." here." 

— m Maurice asked if he wished to send A cold sweat hung on his brow, and 

for any of his friends — •• No," he replied, fainting Nature seemed now drawing to 

" ft have lived in the world the latter a close — he pressed Maurice's hand with 

part of my life as a mere stranger ; my as much energy as his weakness allowed 

disposition has so little accorded with him, and in a low whisper he thanked 

the generality of mankind, that I have Heaven for bringing his friend at such a 

felt 410 desire to form acquaintances — I time — he cast his eyes affectionately on 

have borne with me a broken spirit, which Maurice, then threw them up to Heaven* 

ay intercourse with the world has not and in that positioned without a gross,. 

served to heal. he ceased to breathe. 

To t* Awtt**. 

Digitized by 


nu %) Lakmd$ and dt Stoel~Prec£pAce*--Cu8tom$ in Spanish America. 105 

tm* tt» smmbsf Umpsnws. 


[Under this superscription it is intended to scatter detached dowers tmd fruits oftiterature.~Ovid 
tells us, in his Fasti, that the * he- goat which suckled Jupiter broke off one horn against a trees 
that his nurse Amalthea picked It up, wreathed it with garlands, Jilted it with grapes and oran- 
ges, and thus presented it to young Jove, who made it his favourite plaything. When he was 
grown up, and had acquired the dominion of the heavens, he remembered Ms horn of sweetmeats, 
made a constellation in memory of it, and promoted AmaUhea to be the goddess of plenty, or 
fortune, whose symbol it became. This horn is catted coaw ucona, and is feigned by the mythol- 
•guts incessantly to shed a variety of good things.'} 


ML alan de dined one day at the 
• iiouse of Recamier, the bank r; 
le *vas seated between the celebrated 
heauty, Madame Recamier and Madame 
de Stael, equally distinguished for her wit. 
Wishing to say som thing pretty to the 
ladies, the astronomer exclaimed, *• How 
happy I am to be thus placed between 
wit and beauty !" " Yes, M. Lalande," 
sarcastically replied Madame de Stael, 
*aod without possessing either." 


Two of the greatest natural curiosities 
io the world are within the United States, 
and yet scarcely knowu to tlie best in- 
forined of our geographers and natural- 
ist!. The one is a beautiful water-fall, 
in Franklin county, Georgia : the other 
a stupendous precipice, in Pendleton 
district, South Carolina. The Tuccoa 
(all is much higher than the fails of Ni- 
agara : the column of water id propelled 
beautifully- over a perpendicular rock ; 
*od, when the stream is full, it passes 
down the steep without being broken. 

The Table Mountain, in Pendleton 
district, South Carolina, is an awful 
precipice of 900 feet. Very few per- 
sons* who have once cast a glimpse into 
the almost boundless abyss, can again 
exercise sufficient fortitude to approach 
the margin of the chasm : almost evety 
•oe, on looking over, involuntary falls to 
the ground senseless, nerveless, and help- 
leas ; and would inevitably be precipi- 
tated, and dashed to atoms, were it not 
for measures of caution and security, that 
have always been deemed indispensable 
to a safe indulgence of the curiosity of 
the visitor or spectator. Every one on 
proceeding to the spot, whence it is us- 
ual to £aae over the wonderful deep, has 
in his imagination, a limitation, gradua- 
ted by a re faf anee to distances with 

which his eye has been familiar. But in 
a moment, eternity, as it were, is pre- 
sented to his astounded senses ; and he 
is instantly overwhelmed : his whole- 
system is no longer subject to his volition 
or his reason, and he falls like a mass of 
lead, obedient only to the common laws 
of mere matter. He then revives, and, in 
wild delirium surveys a scene which, for 
awhile he is unable to define by de- 
scription or limitation. 


Among the dances called folia*, there 
is one named capuchina — the air in 
which is composed of three parts ; the 
first two are expressed by singing, to 
which the dancers must pay particular 
attention. The dancers place them- 
selves in a circle, the female keeping al- 
ways on the left of her partner : the mu- 
sicians begin by singing a couplet ; du- 
ring which time the man foots it with 
lus partner, then with the female next t# 
her. This being finished, the musicians 
sing alternately a dialogue, according to 
the meaning of which the dauce is car- 
ried on. 

1. Give me your fair hand. 

2. I consent. 

1. Go backwards one step, and hold 
me in your arms. 

2. With pleasure. 

1. Approach a little and kiss me, that 
I may know the sweetness of your 

2. With all my heart. 

This singing dialogue being ended, 
the ins rumenis play the third part of the 
air; when the dancers deface round 
each other, describing the figure of 
an S- till each returns to his own place, 
or rather advances one step in the; 
dance. Tins continues till the men , 
have flanced with every female of the 

Digitized by 



Epitaph*— Zoology of the Hummrng-Bird. 



At Sparta epitaphs were only allowed 
to tho9e who died in combat, and in the 
serviced the country — a custom found- 
ed rather on the genius of the republic 
than en the political constitution of its 
government, which recognized no virtue 
but military virtue. 

In epitaphs sometimes the dead is 
supposed to speak in the form of proso* 
popeia ; we have a fine example of it, 
worthy of the age of Augustus, in the 
manuscript anthologia, in the royal li- 
brary ; where a young person, who died 
in the flower of his age* expresses him- 
self thus : — " Born in Libya, buried in 
the flower of my years under Antonian 
dust, \ repose near Rome, beneath the 
sandy banks of Tiber. The illus- 
trious Pompeia, who educated me with 
the tenderness of a mother, wept my 
my fate, and has deposited my ashes in 
a tomb which equals me with freemen. 
The fire of my funeral pile prevents that 
of Hymen, which she had anxiously pre- 
pared for me ; the torch of Proserpine 
has cheated all our hopes." 

Epitaphs are generally composed of 
praise, or a moral lesson, and sometimes 
of both. 

The epitaph of that man, so great, so 
simple, so valiant, and so humane, to 
whom antiquity could at most have op- 
posed onlyScipio and Caesar, if the for- 
mer had possessed more modesty, and 
the latter less ambition ; — this epitaph, 
now only found in books (Turennb 


kings*), is more glorious to Louis XIV. 
than Turenne himself. 

His friends have inscribed on the 
tomb of Dryden simply, the word — 

44 DRYDBN." 

And the Italians on the tomb of Tasso— 


An, epitaph to the hopotir of the dead 
is of all praise the most noble and the 
most pure, especially when it expresses 
the character and actions of the good 
man. Private virtues are as much enti- 
tled to this homage as public ones ; and 
the titles of a good parent, a good friend, 

• At St. Denys $ and, amidst the universal 
Bavoc jaf the monaments of royalty In the be- 
fii«inj?af the revohUion,the tomb of Taeenoe 
was held sacred. 

a good citizen, merit richly to be engra- 
ven m marble. 

Some others have written their own 
epitaphs ; it were to be wished that er- 
ery man would make his own at an early 
period, in the most flattering style possi- 
ble, and that he would employ the re- 
mainder of his life to merit it. 


Of all animated beings the humming' 
bird is the most elegant in form and su- 
perb in colours. The precious stones, 
polished by art, cannot oe compared to 
this jewel of nature. Her miniature pro- 
ductions are ever the most wonderful \ 
she has placed in it the order of birds, at 
the bottom of the scale of magnitude ; 
but all the talents that are only shared 
amongst the others, she has bestowed pro- 
fusely on this little favourite. The erne* 
raid, the ruby, and the topaz, sparkle ia 
its plumage, which is never soiled with 
the dust olthe ground. It is inconceiva- 
ble how much these brilliant birds add 
to the high finish and beauty of the wes- 
tern landscape. No sooner is the sun 
risen, than numerous kinds are seen flut- 
tering abroad : their wings are so rapid 
in motion, that it is impossible to discern 
their colours, except by their glittering ; 
they are never still, but continually visit- 
ing flower after flower, and extracting 
the honey. For this purpose tbey are 
furnished with a forked tongue, which 
enters the cup of the flower, and enables 
them to sip the nectared tribute ; upon 
this alone they subsist. In their flight, 
they make a buzzing noistf, not unlike a 
spinning-wheel ; whence they have^heir 

" The ovrittia, bee-like in its size, 
Hmtming from flower to flower delighted file*, 
And in a wondrous living rainbow drest, 
Shifts all its coloart on its wings and bresst" 
M. Baowif. 

The nests of these birds are not less 
curious than their form: they are suspen- 
ded in the air at the extremity of an 
orange branch, a pomegranate, or a 
citron tree, and sometimes even to m 
straw pendent from tfftfat, if they find 
one convenient for the purpose. The 
female is the architect, while the mate 
goes in quest of materials, such as fine 
cotton, moss, and the fibres of vegetables. 
The nest is abouV the fkao of half a wal- 
nut They lay two eggs, in appearance 

Digitized by * 


vol. 2/) Answer to the Query respecting Deaths by the Wind of a Ball 106 

like small peas, as white as snow, with one to approach within five or six paces 
here and there a yellow speck. The time of them. It is easy to lay hold of the 
of^pcubation continues twelve days, at little creature while it hums at the blos- 
the end of which time the young ones ap- soro. It dies soon after it is caught, and 
pear, being then not larger than a blue- serves to decorate the Indian girls, who 
bottle fly. ' I could never perceive (says wear two of these charming birds as pen* 
Father Dutertre) how the mother fed dants from their ears. The Indians, in- 
them, except that she presented the tongue deed, are so struck and dazzled with the 
corered with honey extracted from flow- brilliancy of their various hues, that they 
ere/ Those who have tried to feed them have named them the Beams, or Locks of 
with syrups could not keep them alive the Sun. Such is the history of this lit- 
more than a few weeks ; these aliments, tie being, *who flutters from flower to 
though of easy digestion, are very dif- flower, breathes their freshness, wantons 
fcrent from the delicate nectar collected on the wings of the cooling zephyrs, sips 
from the fresh blossoms. It has been the nectar of a thousand sweets, and re- 
alledged by various naturalists, that dur- sides in climes where reigns the beauty 
ing the winter season they remain torpid, of eternal spring*, 
suspended by the bill from the bark of a Le charmant coUbH 

tree, and are awakened into life when the Qal, de Hears, de rosee et dc vapenrs nourri, 
flowers begin to blow ; but these fictions Jamais sarchaqoetige an instant nedcmeore; 
are rejected, for Catesby saw them Glisseetneposepai^cemoinsqa'iln'effleore: 
through the year at St Domingo and PMwwidne leger, chef-d'oeuvre aerien 
Mexico, where nature never entirely Deqiri la £Tace^ttoat,etle corps preiqoerien, 
loses ber bloom. Sloane says the same Vif > P?"^* 1 *' ** to ™ * m * ble et Mle 
of Jamaica, only that they are more nume- £t des dleoxjs'ils en ont, le plus charmant ca- 
rous after the rainy season ; and prior to price. Delhi**. 

both, Marcgrave mentions>em as being # , ^ ^ ^ ^^ Mmm ^ 

frequent the whole year in the woods of Piccadilly? p. 66. In this delightful rrposi- 
Btb zil. tory of natural history, there is a case contain- 

The method of obtaining these mi- JE^Se^S d£« JjX^S^lliS 
irate birds is to shoot them with sand, or Ue creature, 
by means of the trunk-gun ; they allow 


To th« Editor of the Monthly Magasine. April 1782,) of a ball passing close to 

T M ** the stomach,and producing instant death. 

HE cause of the singular phenom- The one was a lieutenant of the Royal 
anon, for which your correspondent Qik f tne other a common sailor of the 
reuqests an explanation* respecting the Bedford. A man; in another ship, in 
death of Captain Downie, has elicited consequence of a ball passing close to 
the opinions of some intelligent philoso- his belly, remained without sense or roo- 
pbers, although it has never met with t j on for some time, and a large livid tu- 
that attention which might and ought, moT arose on tho part, but he recovered, 
from the importance of the subject, to He mentions, also, the case of a man 
have been afforded it. wnom ne attended at the hospital at 

Sir Gilbert Blane, in his Observations Barbadoes, who had the buttons of bis : 
•nthe Diseases of Seamen, has entered, trowsers carried off by a cannon-ball, 
partially into the consideration of it, and without any breach in th^ skin : in this 
related many historical cases, similar to instance the bladder was much affected 
that of the heroic fommander whose fate for nearly three months, bot the event 
has given rise to the psesent essay. He was fortunate ;— and also that of a 
observes, '* there were two instances io « young officer in the army, who had hi* 
fee last battle, (in the West Indies, in epaulette carried off by a caonOn-ball at' ' 
# Ath. Vol. 1. a* 737. Charlestowh, in consequence of .which, 

P Atbenecm. Vol. e. fbo shoulder and adjacent parts of the 

& a 

106 Answers to a Query respecting the Wind of a Balk [vol. 2 

Deck were affected for some time. 1 ' Sir 
Gilbert remarks, however, that he never 
kuew death the consequence of a wind 
of a ball on the liead, altbo' he narrates 
an instance of an officer at the battle of 
Grenada, who was struck insensible,and 
remained so for some time, by a shot 
passing close to his temple ; but Mr. El- 
lis* mentions the case of a Sepoy who 
died in forty-eight hours, in consequence 
of a ball passing near his head. Many 
other cases are also related by both the 
preceding gentlemen, and where the 
bones were fractured without any mark 
of contusion externally « 

With respect to the cause^ it was the 
opinion of Dr. Blane that it proceeded, 
44 perhaps, from compression and tremor 
of the air, in consequence of its resist- 
ance to the motion of the ball ;"but from 
the bones being sometimes broken, he 
considers that there must be some con- 
tact, which he explains as follows :— " It 
has been ascertained that all balls and 
bullets, except those from rifled pieces, 
have a rotary motion in their flight. It 
is evident, that this motion on one side 
of the ball will coincide with the direc- 
tion of its flight, and the other will be in 
the opposite direction. Now, if the lat- 
ter part should come in contact with any 
part of the body, it is conceivable that in 
place of carrying it away, it would roll 
over it, as it were, and only make a con- 

Mr. Ellis, however, is of a different 
opinion, and observes, " that the effects 
usually ascribed to the wind of a ball 
may be considered as in their nature truly 
electrical, and as really caused by the 
agency of the subtile matter developed by 
the condensation of the air, during the 
projectile's rapid motion ;" and, in sup- 
port of his opinion, adduces the analogy 
Between the phenomena observed in 
these cases, and death from lightning. 
When we consider, however, the won- 
derful effects produced by the compres- 
sion of air, and the excessive impulse 
given to the surrounding medium by the 
centrifugal force of bodies moving with 
such velocity, we are apt to adopt con- 
clusions diametrically opposite to those of 
Mr. Ellis, who says, that " no force im- 
pressed upon the air, nor any motion 

* Edinburgh Med. Journal \ vai. viii. p. S 

communicated to a ball, can enable thcae 
agents, in a mechanical manner, to impair 
vision, paralyze the bladder, break 
the bones, and even to destroy life, 
without inflicting any visible external in- 
jury or breach of the parts." 

Independent of the improbability that 
any conductor as a metallic body could 
be so converted, as to act the part of a 
non-conductor, and afford electric mat- 
ter by friction in its passage through the 
air, the theory of its being produced by 
compression appears to us to be the most 

Need we be surprised at the effects 
above-mentioned, when we turn our eyes 
to many familiar examples of the exces- 
sive power of compressed air t Atmos- 
pheric air, when suddenly condensed, 
produces such a considerable extrication 
of caloric, that cotton, and even heatefl 
charcoal, have been set on fire by it The 
air-gun, and compressing pumps for 
kindling tinder by means of violent com- 
pression of air from a single quick stroke 
of the piston, are also examples ; and 
many others might also be adduced of 
the same nature. It appears to us, there- 
fore, that the death of Captain Downie 
was owing to the wind of a ball, or to 
the air being so forcibly compressed by 
the direct and rotary motions of the ball, 
as to give a shock which the vital pow- 
ers could not withstand, and without 
producing any contusion externally. 
London; July% 1817. Piulos. 

To the Editor of the Monthly Magmsm*. 

N your last number I see an at- 
attempt to account for the deatn of 
Capt. Downie — an event that has exci- 
ted the attention of many ; but it appears 
to me, that your correspondent has not 
considered it in the right point of view ; 
in fact, I believe, in all the cases he men- 
tions, the injury was the effect,not of the 
condensation of air, but of its expansion. 
He says truly, that we have a striking 
instance of the power of condensation in 
extricating caloric from air in the experi- 
ment of kindling tinder by air suddenly 
compressed in a syringe ; but this very 
circumstance, if fully considered, would 
have clearly shown .him, that the action 
was of a different kind ; for no appear- 
ance of burning or scorching is mention- 

Digitized by 


*<"-*•] Love and Madness. 107 

€d in any of the cases, and we most pretty violent contusion. In Capt. 
therefore infer none was exhibited. Be- Downie's case, 1 suspect, the immediate 
sides, where was the cavity for com- cause of death was somewhat different: 
pressing the air ? The piston of the he was cheering his* men at the moment, 
condensing syringe acts in an air-tight —of courje exerting his voice strongly, 
cylinder, but the ball is in the open at- If we suppose the passing ball produced 
Biosphere. a vacuum before bis mouth, at the instant 

For my part, I have no doubt that, in when he was attempting to fetch his 
all cases of the kind, the effect is occa- breath, after this forcible expiration, he 
sioned by the vacuum which the swift tvould have fceeo a t once suffocated, and 
passage of the ball through the air pro* dropped down dead from this cause— 
duces behind it. When bones were without any perceptible mark of violence 
fractured without any external mark of to indicate the occasion of bis death, ei« 
WKtusion, we may ascribe this to the ther external or internal 
sodden expansion of the air within the Such a case may pot occur again for 
part, in consequence of the vacuum with- ages ; but, should it happen, might not 
out : but surely, if the external air were the patient be re-animated by restoring 
compressed with such force as to fracture the function of respiration ? This, it is 
the bone of the scull, the scalp, placed probable, would not be difficult, were no 
between the fractured bone and the iuternal part injured. T. Noot. 

compressed air, must exhibit marks of London ; Aug. 4, 1817. 


_. Vroai U* twoffm Mftfula*. 

cormrtjco shqm p. 50. Don Fodeya's mind, and that Godoy 

r | ^HE man was proceeding with much had, by his intervention with the Usur- 
-*• deliberation to detail the circum- per, strongly recommended him to the 
stances that led to the event which the favour of the latter. — That Don Fodeya 
Colonel had witnessed, when Don has been deceived I have not a doubt, 
Aloozo entered the room. — Inhere ap- and that his daughter was to have been 
peered much dejection in his counte- the victim of this deception, is as evident: 
nance, and he replied to the inquiries of and it seems that when deception failed, 
the Colonel after the condition of Don force was employed with the most dia- 
Fodeya's family, by informing him, that bolical subtlety of arrangement. Dona 
he feared the intellects of his aged re- Miranda was too much indisposed to 
latnre were materially affected. ** When enter into any explanation of her 
you left us, Colonel, my fair cousin alarm ; this, she proposes to do to-mor- 
graduttlly recovered, and seeing the row, when you are requested to accom- 
dreadfully agitated state of her fa&er's pany me ; by that time her father will, 
miixL, no longer suffered the alarm which I hope, be more tranquil, and it will 
she bad experienced to occupy her doubtless be found, that the honor of 
thoughts, but applied ail her anxieties to 4if bouse has not been submitted to 
soothe his incoherent veheaftence— her the foul stain of voluntary concurrence 
efforts be wtnrer only served to increase it, in the hideous projects of a wretch who 
a«d the tenderness of her attentions were disgraces the character of man, and has 
aatwered by repeated *lf-repToache|* prostituted power to the vilest enterprizes 
which left u» to form the most distressing off lawless passion— amidst the debauch- 
conjectufies that some measures of a eries of tlie court parallel instances to 
*ery flagitious description, had been this by which our house was doomed to 
pre-coocerted against the honour of suffer, have been publicly talked of, but 
Dona Miranda with his own concurrence. I am anxious to prevent the like publicity 
— But so repugnant is the suggestion to from applying to this in which Don 
the hearts of us all, that we cannot pre- Fodeya s character, and the peace of his 
vail upon ourselves to admit it. 1 have family are implicated. Hitherto, be had 
k»g known the ambitious chara^- of retained bw mistaken attachment to the 

Digitized by 


108 Lmx and Madness. [vou % 

Usurper, and from what escaped my captives escaped— I made my report to 
relation's lips, proposals had been made Don Fodeya, mentioning the circura* 
Which flattered his ambitious views — stance Of his daughter's conduct The 
misled by the one, and blinded by the fact was mentioned to the council, and 
other, he had well nigh plunged himself the day before the army's retreat, i was 
into an abyss of dishonor, which would sent for by the superior officer of my 
have closed in upon one of the most company, and was ordered to stay be- 
antient houses of Spain, and blotted it hind with him, for the purpose of seizing 
out of the records of our national great- Dona Miranda and conveying her to the 
ness for ever. By the confession of the army. For th$ purpose, we way- laid 
prisoner we shall obtain information ' her on the night you brought me hither; 
that will serve to confirm my suspicion she was walking in the garden of her 
off the deception under which Don father's country house ; we lurked 
Fodeya has been betrayed ; and Dona behind a grove of Acacias — she saw as 
Miranda's narrative will supply the rest, and would have fled ; we followed her 
You, General, will pardon this inter- until we overtook her; the rest you 
ruption, and permit the prisoner to pro- know — I have nothing more to relate — 
ceed with his confession. — This fellow and as for the officer who accompanied 
with the utmost concern, then . went on me— him, you have effectually prevented 
with his account of the transaction as far from supplying any information, as he, is 
is he and his comrade were concerned, dead by your hand, Colonel l" 

** I am a lieutenant in the second From this account, it appeared, that a 
division of the army of Spain, and ten plot had been formed for bringing Dooa 
days previous to its retreat from Madrid, Miranda by force into the Usurper* 
wan employed by Don Fodoya to guard possession : — but, as they were not able 
tome English prisoners seized as spies to get at any farther particulars from their 
by the police. Among these was a prisoner, the Colonel and Don Alonzo, 
merchant who Had long resided in after requesting the general to keep him 
Madrid : when he was seized his spn in hold, returned to the City, and the 
insisted upon accompanying his father next day repaired to Don Fodeya't 
in his imprisonment: Dona Miranda house, here they found the confusion of 
interceded with her father in behalf of the former night still more increased by 
both ; and, as I understand, personally the flight of his daughter — she had dts- 
applied at court for their discharge. I appeared on the previous evening, and 
do not pretend to understand the lady's no tidings could be obtained of the 
motives for the intercession, but, I be- direction which she bad taken. Don 
lieve, her charms were not beheld by Fodeya had been engaged the whole 
him to whom she applied, without creat- night in pursuit of her, and had not yet 
ing an interest of a very different nature returned. The mother appeared less 
to that which she contemplated ; the lady agitated than might have been expected, 
herself, perhaps, maybe better able to butjfeis she accounted for by the fbl- 
•xplain this part of the business ; one lowing relation — " I lament this step of 
action of her's, however, I shall mention, my daughter, because, it appears to be 
as explaining the observation of havjpf connected with circumstances unfavort- 
saved me from the English : — four days "ble to the dignity and prudence of her 
after the confinement of the men . under aex ; but from what has occurred sines* 
my care, they rose upon the guard, and your dfrartuce, Don Alonzo, I am' m 
at the instant of the conflict when toy tta lcAfturprieed at it — my anxieties m 
had overpowered us, Dona Miranda *at for her safety, and I must egaji* 
who, accompanied by another female, have recourse to your generous tater- 
had arrived to bring some provisions to position, Colonel, for such measures at 
the English prisoners according to the may prevent the evils which 1 dread, 
custom of the religious order to which Don Fodeya's distraction subsided into 
her companion belonged, by her entrea- a sullen silence ; he seemed to be roedi- 
ties prevented my being killed by the tat ing upon what bad occurred, and at 
merchant's son, at the moment that his length, as if some new idea had struck 
pistol was levelled at my head. The hi* "ked my daughter who that young 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

vol. %] Love and Madnw, 1QI> 

man was that was imprisoned with the late, the servants hod beard yau,r shrieks 
Euglish merchant? Dona Miranda in the direction in which you fled, but 
hesitated at first to answer, when her their search was fruitless. Distracted at 
father repeated the question with a the information, I hastened home to arm 
fierceness which shewed that he was myself and my servants for the pursuit 
resolved to know. "If I tell you, Sir," of the villains, when 1 found you rescued 
she replied, " may I hope that his life and safe. Yet, Dona Miranda, much aa 
will bespared T — "Has he not escaped," I rejoice in this result, if I could suppose 
he exclaimed, " and by your means ? I that you have thrown away your affec- 
have been deceived in iny hopes of tions upon an Englishman, whose nation, 
raising you to a condition of splendour, 1 detest, who is besides a heretic and a 
far above all that I could have contem- mere trader, I will instantly, by virtue of 
plated ; but, if my suspicions are con- my authority as a magistrate, and my 
firmed, you . have yet to tremble for the Claims as a parent, confine you in a, 
issue of this affair — learn then* that he, nunnery for your life.' The poor girl, 
whom I had acknowledged as my mon- terrified by the speech of her lathe** 
arch, (wretch as 1 know him to be, from which was delivered with all the, furious 
this recent discovery of his base inten- accent of a mind enraged by disappoint - 
uoas) proposed to marry you to one of ment, fell at his feet, and implored him 
his Marshals, and offered me a seat in to hear her. — " What, then, it is as I 
the council. On the morning of your suspected," cried he, " you have dared 
application for the release of the English to love the enemy of your country, and 
spies, he sent for me ; he expressed he the plebeian offspring of a tradesman 
himself surprised at your intercession — — speak, is it not so ? Mark me, Dona 
and informed of the circumstance res- Miranda ; if your silence confirms my 
peering the merchant's son, he coupled fears, I discard you — I cast you off — I 
it with a. probable attachment on your drive you for ever from my presence — I 
part for the young roan ; he urged me to leave you now with your mother — I shall 
make instant enquiries into the fact, and return in the evening, and I expect that 
to demand from yourself a positive an- 'you be ready to give me a satisfactory 
swer upon that bead, and if it was so, explanation of your whole conduct in 
to send you to my country house. I this hateful affair." — As, soon as Don 
returned home resolved to put this ques- fodeya was gone, my daughter burst 
tiontoyou — but, before I reached my into a flood of. tears, and in an agony of 
house I met a courier who brought tid- grief disclosed to me that she had been 
ings of the approach of the English and married to the young man three weeks 
Spanish forces; the press o|" business previous to the imprisonment of his 
delayed the execution of my resolve, father. Shocked as I was at these fatal 
aud the retreat of the French army with tidings, a mother's fondness filled my 
the escape of the spies induced me to heart, and as my father was an Irish 
defer it Last night, however^ I dis- protestant, holding a commission in the 
covered by information, given to me by Eqglish army, I did not feel so much at 
one of the guard, to whom the villain her union with one of that religion, as I 
lieutenant de Mougeon had com muni- had been prevailed upon by my husband 
cited his infamous commission, that he to adppt his profession of faith soon after 
was to be employed to seize you at the outmarriage^ much against the impres- 
first opportunity, and to convey you sions of my conscience ; and as my coo- 
secretly to the army; from this it was victiona still preserve my attachment to 
clear that the tyrant had no other dbject, ray former seutiments, I could not re- 
in his proposal of marrying you to the proach her on this* point. She shewed 
marshal, than that of getting you into me the letters which she had. received 
his own power. As soon as I heard of from Mr. Mannaro^.by.wiich it appear*, 
w project,! rushed to the English head ed, that he was. of a good family in ope 
quarters and demanded a body of men to of the northern counties ,of England-^, 
fcnard my country house, to which you that his father had a large concern ip the, 
*we.tbatday gone. They arrived too city of York, whicji is. managed b% 

Digitized by 


MO Love and Madness. [vol. 2 

his btother— and that sbe will be joyfully hide our gray hairs in the grave, the only 
acknowledged by his family as his wife refuge from disgrace. You, Madam, 
— -that as soon as the British army reaches were privy to her flight, and thus I 
Madrid he will apply to the commander- punish the treachery of a wife* — with a 
in-chief for his intercession with Don plunge of desperate rage he made a 
Fodeya, by which, joined to his son-in- thrust at the affrighted mother; when 
law's prospects in life, he hopes he will Don Alonzo caught his arm, seized the 
be conciliated ; but my doubts of this, weapon, and wrested it from his hand, 
•re great, knowing, as I do, the strong Overpowered by the violence of bis 
prejudices of religious sentiment which feelings, he sank powerless into a chain 
have possession of his mind ; although, It was long before he recovered suJB- 
fbr my own part, the arguments which ciently from the violent effects which 
the young man has used in the course of his rage had produced upon his frame, 
km correspondence, may well justify her to listen to the entreaties of the Colonel 
conversion to a religion, the superior and Don Alonzo, that be would hear 
jrority of which still maintains a powerful the exculpation which Dona Fodeya 
influence over my own heart. She has was ready to enter into, of her supposed 
fled to her husband's father, who since cognizance of her daughter's designs, 
the flight of the tyrant has returned to He heard it with a vacancy of look 
his home ; and as your army, Colonel, is which proved he took no heed of what 
bow in possession of Madrid, lam de- was said ; and at length starting from 
airous of requesting your intercession is his seat, he burst into a paroxysm of 
behalf of the young couple, with your grief, in which aU the tender recoilec- 
fcrave and noble-minded chief." Scarcely ttons of the father struggled for the 
had she finished 'her recital, when Don mastery over his angry passions. ,4 She 
Fodeya entered. Fury and despair is lost — gone for ever — my child I have 
were depicted in his countenance. He lost thee, thou hast murdered tby father's 
entered with a bloody sword in his hand, fondest hope — Was it for this I doated 
the point of which he dropped on seeing on thy infancy — was it for this I reared 
Don Alonzo and the Colonel — the thee, as the cherishing delight of my soul 
former had never been a favourite wilh — O was it for this I marked withtrans- 
him, inconsequence of his huviog married port thy blossoming charms and wore 
an Englishwoman ; and, besides his thee next my heart, as the fairest flower 
being stronglysuspected by him of having of my house — Now thou art torn from 
conformed to the Protestant principles the parent tree, and I shall in vain 
offcis wife, he had a commission in the lament thee — perhaps, already thou 
royal army. — •• I have heard of her," sinkest beneath the blast — the dews of 
exclaimed the enraged father — " but I night have bent thy fragile stalk, and thy 
have not found her — could I do so— this fragrance is wasted on the pitiless storm, 
•word should put an end at once to her O my child, my child, comeback to thy 
dishonour and my fanajly's disgrace. — poor aged father — he repents him of his 
Madam, yottr daughter is the wife of guilty ambition — he would clasp thee 
an English heretic — she has fled with her again in his arms — he would be forgiven, 
paramour — I traced her to his father's and he would forgive ; but blood is 
*-*! demanded her at hia hands — he upon me — 1 have shed innocent blood :" 
denied all knowledge of her — but avow- — here a shudder of horror shook his 
ed her marriage with his son — he pre- frame, and he fell back upon the sea.t 
tended he knew nothing of his son's exhausted with sorrow and personal 
previous acquaintance with her — I fatigue. Colemel V. felt that be was 
charged him with falsehood — Wu called upon to visit Mr. Mannard, 
fought—- he fell, and in the blood of the whom the enraged father in his impetu- 
father I have revenged myself for the osity of passion had so unwarrantably 
villainy of the son. I traced th^gnihy assailed; he therefore consulted with 

E'rl to his house — she has escaped a Don Aloazo, who assured him that he 
ther's vengeance, but my curs 2 pursues would not leave his wretched relations 
her. Now, Madam, she is lost for ever until he saw Don Fodeya more com- 
to oar degraded boose; and we inuu posed. The Colonel found Mr. Man- 

Digitized by ' 


vol. 5.] Hoiking but French. 1 11 

oard attended by his surgeon, who had feel as acutely, as he, or any father of 
pronounced the wound not mortal, but his nation can ; and tell him, that 1 will 
of that nature as to make it necessary for receive my daughter if he knows where 
his patient to remain quiet and undis- she is — that I will gladly, O how gladly, 
turned ; he therefore forbore to make receive her. 1 ' The distracted man bad 
any enquiries of him as to the probable forgotten that she was now a wife, and 
situation of the young people; but the that if she had accompanied her hus- 
chief clerk of the house informed him, band, there was little probability of her 
that the young man having prevailed leaving him, or of bis permitting her to 
upon his father about a mouth since to do so. For a week after these events 
procure him a commission in the royal Don Fodeya continued in this state of 
army, and having been called upon* to mental inquietude. His afflicted wife 
join his regiment, he presumed that he was unremitting in her attentions to him, 
had most probably set off with that intent, and there appeared to be some hopethat , 
No female accompanied him, but a he would become more tranquil ; when 
youth had called last evening, to whom Don Alonzo called to inform her that 
bis employer had given a direction of his the army had received orders to march. 

route. The Colonel immediately went and that Colonel V not being able 

back to Don Fodeya's house, that .he to wait upon her before his setting off 
might ^communicate the intelligence of with his regiment, had requested him to 
the expected recovery of Mr. Mannard, say, that he would do all he could to find 
and free him from the horror of having out her son-in-law ; and that if he found 
liken away his life. "Have you beard her daughter with him, he would pro- 
of my daughter, Sir?" asked the un hap- cure his discharge or leave of absence, 
py father; * 4 where is she— I will go to and provide them with every facility of 
her — she shall be my own child again — returning to Madrid as expeditiously as 
tell me, Sir, whither is she gone? — is possible. " Meanwhile," observed Don 
the with the wretch that has robbed me Alonzo, " be assured, that I ghall moat 
of her." — Colonel V. assured him that anxiously second the Colonel in the 
his daughter had not been at Mr. Man- same effort. 1 ' He then proceeded to 
nard's bouse ; nor had he heard any Don Fodeya's chamber, and after some 
ridings of her ; but he was happy to in- conversation upon the purpose of his 
form him, that the wounded man was visit, left him somewhat cheered by the 
not in danger. M That's something," i>roapect of the discovery and return of 
said the olii roan, " I am not a murderer, hi* daughter. 

the©-— but, Sir, the son of him I have The campaign was an active one, a* 
wounded is ; for he has inflicted a we all of us know, for the British Gen- 
wound in my heart which cannot be eral was not disposed to allow his forces 
healed — she is not gone then — 1 may to lose the opportunity which offered, 
yet see her come back to her miserable of driving the Usurper out of a Coun- 
parent — Go, Sir, go to the Englishman, try which he had filled with misery and 
•ad tell kirn that a Spanish lather can slaughter. *5 

To to cootlaoetf. ' * t ? 


From the £utoHM> Ma*«xin*. 

Onmia Grace! Jut^nal. causes concurred to produce ibis «ftcct 

Nothing bat French. — a frequent intercourse between the re- 

AS early as the reign of Augustus, epective countries, and a love of novelty 
but more particularly under the sue- common to all mankind, 
•seeding Emperors, a partiality for the If the Romans had been content with 
Greek language and Greek fashions Was adopting a few only of tmr*more elegant 
•ot leas prevalent among the Romans, arts and fashions of the Greeks, no mark 
than the partiality for the French Ian- would have sprung up against which 
guage and French fashions is, at the the shafts of the satirist con Id have been 
■t day, anoof the English. • Two pointed ; but their imitation of that re* 

Digitized by 



Memoirs of Dugald SleicarL 

£vou 2. 

( floed and luxurious people exceeded all 
bounds ; it was conspicuous in every 
department and transaction of public and 
private life ; and seemed to threaten the 
total abolition of Roman customs and 

Between ancient Rome and modern 
Britain bow exact is the parallel in this 
respect. With the conquerors of Attica, 
every thing was Greek ; with the conquer- 
ors of France,evi»ry thing must be French. 

It cannot have escaped persons of ob- 
servation, that in the higher orders of 
society, in this country, the French mode 
is predominant in the dress, at the table, 
in the social amusements. Among the 
women, the glittering silks of the conti- 
nent have supplanted the less showy, 
but not less elegant, garmeots of our 
own looms ; our tables are now covered 
with ragouts and fricassees, instead of 
plain English dishes ; and reels and 
country-dances have given way to waltz- 
es and quadrilles. 

Nor is it upon our manners alone that 
the evil spirit of Gallicism is exerting its 
iyttriguing influence. It is intriguing 
felso to the corruption of our language. 
In many circles there is an affectation of 
using French phrases on almost every 
topic of conversation ; and the following 
letter from an English gentleman at Pa- 
cts to his friend in London, may serve to 
shew in what sort of jargon some per- 
sons of fashion now write : 

u Yon mast come to as immediately, my 

dear H : you most en veritr. I have just 

been looking at a bouse on the Boulevards that 
will suit yoa i msrveiUe, Colonel ~ 

Who is gone to Swtsseriand, was the last tea- 
ant It is bkn meubUa, and vraiement raisona- 

ble. When Mrs. H see? it, I am certain 

she will exclaim e* est tresjoUe and tout d fait 
ce au*U/aut. 

" Living is extremely agreeable here ; it is 
en twite. Amusement after amusement sums 
cease. No time for ennui, mom cher J5f— — . 
A mere list of the different spectacles would 
fill upa whole sheet of paper. 

** What fools we English are, n'cst-ccpas 9 
It is the French alone who understand ce que 
c* est que de viore. You nave ten times tbe 
agremens at Paris that you have in London, on 
veritr : and what is worth consideration, pour 
beaucoup moins of argent, . 

" Some of our booby •country-men find fault 
with the French cuisine. Pour mot, I like? it 
much better than the English cookery. Tfee 
latter is too insipid ; but there's some gout in 
the French dishes. AT©*, mm, I shall never 
like plan roast and boiled again, en veritr, 

44 1 dine most days at a table rf'Aoto, where 
there are as many English as French ; btxt I 
always manoeuvre to sit next to a Frenchmmo* 
to hear his conversation and to be em fait of aril 
that is going on in the capital. The Fresscfc 
are very communicative, en verity and one 
can't he surprised that they complain of otrr 
countrymen, as being rrop semis, rrep *»<•«*«.*• 

44 You will be sorry to hear that our frirn4 

p | ..t a few hundreds last week at the 

Pubis Royal. I don't play every night. On 
the whole I have been rather lucky qum t um u 
chose in pocket, mats pus beaucoup. 

44 1 was at the bat masque given hy - 
It was magnifique % en verltt. Tnere were 
about 60 masques, and the dioerent characters 

wear supported avec tout C esprit possible, I n 
the course of the evening there was some wait- 
aing, and quadrilles. I wish you could hm*e 
seen the company at supper. The coup oTaeit 
was brilliant d fcxtrime> and the tout-entier 
was conducted with the greatest fetal. 

44 Believe me, men chmr H- ,io daily ex- 
pectation of seeing you, most truly, 

I J YourV, O. M. 

44 P.S. I had almost forgot to tell vou how 
gaiement we pass the Sunday here. Yoa k now 
what a stupid day it is (n'est ce pas f)\ti En*> 
land. C*est toute autre chose a Paris* en veritr. 
The opera, cards, dancing. Ac. &c. &c." 

Eur. Mag. jiug. 1817. 


* Vrointtt»JM*My ftfacnJae. 

CONTEMPORARY AUTHORS. f Moral Philosophy in the University 

•TVb. J. of Edinburgh. 

f We propose occasionally to present our rea- A PHILOSOPHICAL view of the 

ders with critical estimates of the writings /% . . • • . -t A 

of those extemporary Authors whose pro- x ^ circumstances which contribute to 

dactiont, from time to time lay claim to the formation of national character, 13 a 

ttS&^S&ZZ%& «*"*■••■ the lUeratun, of ev^y 

and complete judement of their pretensions language. Few topics present a wider 

than can be made by observations on anv range to ingenious speculation, and Done 

•ingle work. The successive articles will, n£ • uH a~iA *^\ M ~ n ~A ~~> A .~*K ~> 

we presume, be found as Instructive in their offer a richer field to learned research or 

matter, as pleasing and liberal in their to comprehensive induction : it embraces 

manner.] all those peculiarities of temperament 

An Estimate of the Literary Character which are commonly ascribed to climate, 

o/Duoald Stewaat, bsq* Professor together with tht poiitml drcumataooes 

Digitized by 



Memoirt ofDugald Stewart. 


which occasionally may »•▼« induced an It has not been alleged that the indif- 
extraordinary exercise of the mental fa- ferency evinced towards his writings has 
cnkies ; as well as the moral effect of been owing to any doubt of the justness 
heroic actions, and the influence of par- and soundness of his principles, nor to 
ocular great examples. any want of perspicuity in his theories 

That there is among every people a or explanations : on the contrary, he has 
peculiar philosophy, as strongly marked been always applauded as one of the 
as their national character, will not be clearest writers, and for bringing forward 
questioned ; and that the Scots are at flo hypothesis which the actual knowl- 
present distinguished for metaphysical edge of mankind did not approve. But 
investigation, every reader will readily has he added any thing to the truths of 
admit: an estimate, therefore, of the moral science ? Unless this can be ans- 
h'terary merits of the most eminent of the wered decidedly in the affirmative, his 
Edinburgh philosophers may probably merits must be resolved into the mediocre 
be found deserving of some attention. quality, of having only stated, with more 

It will not be denied that Mr. Dagald perspicuity than his predecessors, princi- 
Stewart arose in a period of society plea and doctrines previously developed, 
highly favourable to the studies in which But an extreme beauty of manner may 
he is supposed to have excelled ; that entitle an author to the highest praise — 
bis original condition in life was no less even when the subject is trite and com- 
advantageous ; that he was placed in mon-place. Has it not, however, been 
the very best situation for inculcating his objected to the style of Mr. Dugald 
opinions with effect; and that his doc- Stewart, that his eloquence is sometimes 
trines, by being addressed to young verbose, and his dignity more pompous 
students, were necessarily received with than the occasion requires? If he has, 
a degree of approbation, which they generally speaking, stated certain truths 
might not have obtained had they been better than they had ever before been 
originally delivered in any other form stated, perhaps with more simplicity he. 
than that of college lectures. No person might have produced a deeper impression 
has ventured to say that, in other circura- on his readers. His works have an 
stances, he would probably have been academical and an artificial character, 
found a greater character : such, indeed, which gives them doubtless something of 
has been the singular felicity of his lite- a classical air ; but they want that uatu- 
rary fortune, that perhaps it has rarely ral ease, which is no less essential to grace-, 
been thought he might, in any other, fulness than it is peculiar to originality. 
have appeared less eminent. There has And, in his subjects, he must be regard- 
been in himself an uniform urbanity to- ed as addressing himself to a particular 
wards all things and all men; and all class, rather than to the generality of man- 
towards him has been equally agreeable, kind. It his attention has been ex cl ti- 
lt would be difficult to mention au sively devoted to the philosophy of his 
author who has been more fortunate, as own country, the sphere of bis genius 
far as the respectful esteem of coutempo- may be thought still more limited ; and, 
raries is a mark of good fortune ; — out from the rank of a genuine philosopher, a 
whether he should therefore be consi- teacher of mankind, he will sink to that 
dered as entitled to one of the highest of a Scottish professor ; but may nc£ 
places among the great of his own class, even thin imply great honour ? for tlje 
is a question not easily answered. schools of Scotland have in his time fls*H 

It is not invidious to say, that his ta- t duced many distinguished men ; and he 
lents have been more admired by his can reckon among his pupils all the roost 
pupils than by the rest of tl>e world : the eminent. 

most ardent of his friends will not scruple In this estimate it therefore becomes 
to allow that his merits are in more ro- necessary to consider what the Scottish 
pate at Edinburgh than in any other part philosophy really is — for there are per- 
of Scotland; and unquestionably he is sons who doubt even the utility of that 
more celebrated a* an author in that kjiowledgf, of which Mr. Stewart ha| 
kingdom than in England. been po ofiicnenka teacher. 

Q Ath*:wm. Vol. fc 

Digitized by 


114 Memoirs sf DuguldSUwart [*oi.2. 

Th*f*Ho3opby*f*e Scottish nation the Philosophy ^ the Human Mind yrm 
h certainly deeply imbued with metapby* published at Edinburgh in 1703, at 
steal speculation : but their metaphysics which time he was in full possession of 
are of a more practical kind than those the public applause as an instructor; 
of any other people, and are employed and had by his lectures predisposed a 
to eltfcidate the phenomena of metal ua* numerous class of readers in that me* 
tore more experimentally than the science tropohs to receive, with deference and 
is commonly supposed to admit of. Mr. even veneration, every sentiment which 
Stewart's theory of dreams is a beautiful be might be inclined to inculcate. The 
example of this ; and perhaps it is also second volume did not appear till twenty 
the most favourable specimen of his pow* years afterwards, and, lor himself, as 
ers as an author that we can refer to—* an author, not under such favourable 
while it might be chosen as one of the circumstances; for, inthecporse of that 
strongest instances of the circumscribed long interval, the very frame of society 
character of his genius ; for his theory is had undergone a radical change, and a 
founded on a principle, the complete un- race of young men had sprung up, partly 
del-standing of which would probably invigorated by his own instruction, and 
enable us to explain the whole mysteries partly by the audacious spirit of the age ; 
of the involuntary actions of Seenkiud. who, with the natural intrepidity of 
Few persons suspect that the temptations youth, and the instigations of great 
of vice are of the same u stuff that dreams innate talent, were less acquiescent to 
are made of;" Mr. Stewart has certainly dogmas of any kind than the readers to 
not developed the doctrine of associa- whom Mr. Stewart had the good fortune 
tion to that extent, but his premises originally to address himself. It is 
afford the only rational principle by necessary to advert to these drcumstancea, 
which the law of moral necessity, in its as they have undoubtedly affected his 
practical operation, can be explained. literary reputation, by placing him more 
It is the application of metaphysics to on a level with the ordinary writers of 
morals that constitutes the main pecu- the day, than his admirers, perhaps, ever 
liarity of the Scottish philosophy ; and thought likely to happen. 
we think that the ability with which Mr. His " Elements of the Philosophy of 
Stewart has managed this in his lectures, the Human Mind" is a work more crhi- 
much more than in his publication*, enti- cal than original : it contains, doubtless, 
ties him to that honourable place among many judicious, many ingenious, obser- 
his contemporaries which no one has ever vations, and passages of beautiful writing 
presumed to think he did not fully — but the substance of the whole is 
deserve. deduced from others; and what Mr. 

Having thus explicitly stated the Stewart has interwoven of his own is 
ground on which we conceive the fame more of the nature of those kind of ro- 
of this distinguished writer and most flections, with which an able reviewer 
estimable roan chiefly rests, and which embellishes his strictures, than the tenor 
is of a kind that does not promise cele- of a regular work— notwithstanding the 
brity in anther age equal to what he systematic form which he has tdopted. 
has obtained in this — we now propose We can only except from this general 
to examine more particularly those dif- remark, the fifth section of chap. ▼. 
ferent works by which his permanent vol 1, — the explanation of the pheoo- 
rank as a literary character will be de- roena of dreaming, to which we have 
termined by posterity. These are — his already alluded. But it is not so much 
Elements of the PhUomphy of the Human to the want of originality that we ob- 
Mind ; the Biographical Sketches of ject, as to the limits which Mr. Stewart 
Reia\ Robertson, and Smith; and bis prescribed to himself in the in vestige* 
Philosophical Essays. We are not at- t ion of his subject; for we cannot ima- 
temptiog to write his memoirs, and gine that he was not aware of the multi- 
tlrerefore it is unnecessary to notice farious ramifications u of th? influence of 
those minor publications which be has association in regulating the succession 9 
givon to the world without his name. of our actions, as well as "of our* 
The first volume of hit Elements of thoughts." He has certainly made a 

Digitized by 


tot.*] MmobvtfDtgaldSUuxrt. t\f 

more pleasing work, by confining his opinionsandprinciplesrhusaequifedfotbe 
illustrations of the doctrine to the facul- general system of man, be will be apt to al- 
ties usually employed ou objects of taste low bat a aarrew compass to the depth 
and fancy ; but, had he extended his in- and extent of Mr. Stewart's acquaintance 
vestigation farther, be would have seen with the world of the human heart. 
- that the whole system of morals rests Of his " Biographical Sketched 9 we 
upon the same principle; and possibly would comprehensively describe them 
he might have ascertained that there is a as argumentative eulogiums ; — tbey 
dass of causes of great efficacy in the possess but little merit as narrations j 
establishing of our associations, of they are statements calculated to argue 
which no account has vet been satisfac* the reader into an opinion, that the per- 
torily given. In neither of the two *ons spoken of were really the great men 
quartos on the " Elements of the Pbilo- whom the public had already admitted 
sophy of the Human Mind,' 9 nor in the them them to be. They want the linea- 
Essajfs, which are justly considered as ments of biography. It would indeed 
addenda to that work, is there a single be difficult to point out any work of the 
section of a chapter devoted to the mo- same class, in any language, written, m 
ml phenomena of sympathy and antipa- point of diction, half so we41, and yet so 
thy — a subject which embraces the deficient in that kind of interest which 
whole elements of virtue and vice, and constitutes the charm alike of public and 
is more closely connected with taste in private history. We could have wished, 
art or composition than, perhaps, some for the sake of the author, that he bad 
critics are willing to allow. But Mr. given essays of so much intellectual 
Stewart has confined himself to a judi- ability any other title than the ** Lives 
cious exposition of what others have cf Reid, Uobertson, axd Adam Smith* 
thought, and respecting which the opi- The volume of Essays which he pub- 
nion of the world is almost settled ; and lished in 1810, may, as we have already 
ft did not enter into his plan to examine remarked, be regarded as belonging to 
the foundations of a doctrine which, that general system, of which the "Eie- 
however practically admitted, it has ments of the Philosophy of the H union 
hitherto been fashionable to decry. We Mind" is also a part; — like that work, 
are all as averse to expose our moral these Essays have but lkfle originality, 
weaknesses as cur bodily infirmities ; The first division consists chiefly of ob- 
and the remark may be thought flippant, servations suggested by opinions of 
while it is not the leas true, that the old Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and others, 
school of manners, in which Mr. Stewart with respect to the sources of our ideas ; 
was bred, probably induced biro to avoid and much of the second division is, in 
inquiries, of which the result would, in the same manner, occupied wi h the con- 
many cases, have been obnoxious to sideration of some notions on the su- 
existing philosophical dogmas. The blime, suggested also by the perusal of a 
M Elements of the Philosophy of the manuscript by Mr. Price, in defence of 
Human Mind" is, however, not a com- Mr. Burke's doctrines — as if, but for 
pleted work ; and it would be injustice such writers having treated^ these sub- 
to consider it as such. The author does jects, Mr. Stewart himself would not 
not unfold a system, and consequently, have been actuated to examine them, 
notwithstanding the suavity of his style, It fa the general proof, throughout his 
and the perspicuity of his logic, it would works, of being thustnflueneed by others 
be difficult to analyse bis doctrines : be in bis inquiries, and the want of any 
has taken up, as it were, but detached material disquisition entitled to the 
portions of a great subject, floating in the name of primary, that will probably, 
works of others. The student rises when the effects of his oral eloquence are 
from the perusal wilh a consciousness of forgotten, tend to place him lower in 
having acquired a better knowledge of the scale of literary rank than some of 
many things respecting which his ideas his contemporaries — with whom it would 
were previously vague and imperfect ; be deemed eccentric, %t present to com- 
hut, when be comes to apply the pare him. 

Digitized by 



Varieties: Critical, #0. 





Ad Account of a Tiger Hmt having appeared 
in •omi' of the magazines, which is incor- 
rectly stated, we beg topive an Extract from 
Ltent. Colnett*» own letter to his relatives 
in London, dated the 8th Sept 1815, on the 

' subject of his providential escape from the 
jaws of that ferocious mooiter. 

Retract of a Letter from Lieut. Jame$ 
Richard Coined llth Reg. Nat. Inf. 
dated Secrora ( Oude), SthSept. I 81 5. 
TN the beginning of May 1815, our 
«*■ army, from the bot winds and bad 
weather, became so sickly, that we were 
ordered into quarters. On the 6th May 
we passed through a forest, and encamp- 
ed on its skirts, near a small village, the 
head man of which came and entreated 
us to destroy a large tiger, which had 
killed seven of his men, and was in the 
habit of daily stealing his cattle, and had 
that morning wounded his son. Anoth- 
er officer and myself agreed to attempt 
the destruction of this monster. We 
immediately ordered seven elephants, 
and went in quest of the animal, whom 
we found sleeping under a bush ; the 
noise of the elephants awoke him, when 
he made a furious charge on us, and my 
elephant received him on her shoulder ; 
the other six elephants turned about, and 
ran off, notwithstanding the exertions of 
their riders, and left me in the above sit- 
uation : I had seen many tigers, and 
been at the killing of them, but never so 
large a one as this : the elephant shook 
the tiger off : I then fired two balls, and 
the tiger fell ; but again recovering him- 
self, made a spring at me, and fell short, 
but seized^e elephant by her hind leg ; 
then receiving a kick^rom her, and 
another ball from me, be let go his hold, 
and fell a second time : thinking he was 
by this disabled, I very unfortunately 
dismounted, with a pair of pistols, in* 
tending to put an end to his existence ; 
when the monster, who was only couch- 
ing to take another spring, made it at 
that moment, and caught me in his 
mouth; buffo pleased God to give me 
strength and presence of mind, and I 
immediately fired into his body ; and 
finding that had little effect, 1 used all 
my strength, and happily disengaged my 

arm : then directing my other pistol to 
bis heart I at length succeeded in des- 
troying him, after receiving twenty -five 
very severe wounds, some of which were 
at first thought mortal^ however, I ceased 
the terror ot the poor villagers, who ap- 
peared very grateful. — Eu.M. JugA&\7* 



This day is called in Latin Dies 
Mandatu the day of the command, being 
the day on which our Lord washed the 
feet of his disciples, as recorded in the 
second lesson. This practice was long 
kept up in the monasteries. After the 
ceremony, liberal donations were made 
to the poor, of clothing and of silver 
money, and refreshment was given them 
to mitigate the severity of the. fast. On 
the 15th April, 1731 (Manndy Thurs- 
day), the Archbishop of York washed 
the feet of a certain number of poor 
persons. James II. was the last king 
who performed this in person. A relic 
of this custom is still preserved in the 
donations dispensed at St. James's on 
this day. 


On this day, or about this time, in the 
north, the fool-plough goes about, a 
pageant that consists of a number of 
sword-dancers, dragging a plough, with 
music, and one, sometimes two, in a 
very fantastic dress ; the Bessy, in the 
grotesque habit of an old woman, and 
the fool, almost covered with skins, 
wearing a hairy cap, and the tail of some 
animal hanging from his back. 



The causes which impel fishes of va- 
rious kinds, but especially Salmon, to 
quit the salt waters of the ocean in order 
to deposit their spawn in fresh water, 
have given occasion to a diversity of 
opinions : the following seems to be 
founded on nature, and merits attention. 
By what instinct the fi-thes acquire suf- 
ficient knowledge of the properties of 

Digitized by 





this air ; and of its production by these 
plants, still remains a mystery. 

The impregnated eggs of insects, and 
even fishes, do not produce young one*, 
unless they are supplied with air, that is, 
unless the foetus can respire. 1 have 
found that the eggs of moths did not pro- 
duce tarve when confined in pure car- 
bonic acid ; and, •when they were ex- 
posed in common air, the oxygen partly 
disappeared, and carbonic acid was 
formed. The fish in the egg or spawn, 
gains its oxygen from the air dissolved 
in water ; and those fishes that spawn 
in spring and summer in still water, such 
as the pike, carp, perch, and bream, de- 
posit their eg^s upon snbaquatic vegeta- 
bles, the leaves of which, in, performing 

their healthy functions, supply oxygen to 
the water. The -fish that spawn in win* 
ter, such as the salmon and trout, seek 
spots where there is a constant supply 
of fresh water, as near the sources of 
streams as possible, and in the most ra- 
pid currents* where all stagnation in pre* 
vented, and where the water is saturated 
with air,to which it has been exposed dur* 
iog its deposition from clouds. It is the 
instinct leading these fish to seek a sup- 
ply of air for their eggs which carries 
them from seas or lakes into the moun- 
tainous country ; which induces them to 
move against the stream, and to endeav- 
our to overleap weirs, milldams, and 
cataracts. — Pano. May 1817. 


bom tbt MMMfclr |!*|Mlo«. 


HOW sweet, when Day is laird to rest, 
And moon-beams tiot the moon tain ; 
When dew-drops gem the plover's nest, 
Aad fairies Hit tne mountain. 

How sweet, when Harmony is mate, 

And ev'ry star is blinking ; 
When plaint less is the lover's lute, 

And all is hush'd in thinking. 

How sweet to soothe the bleeding breast, 

Where Grief will ever languish ; 
For Map is faithless — Lovedi*tress'd— 

And all is voie'd in anguish. 

How sweet to breathe the vast serene, 

The wal ks of woe de6 n i ng ; 
A catch of blis* the soul can glean, 

Each earthly sense refining I 
Jmg. 1817. J. W. 



IO V E and Folly, while at school, 
i Quarrelling on this or that \ 
lJecall'd her asilly fool, 
She caird him a saucy brat. 

Love strikes Folly with bis bow, 

Folly in a fury Hie?, 
And, in vengeance of the blow, 

Scratches out poor Cupid'* eyes. 

Venus, all in tribulation, 
To the courts of Jove repairs ; 

And, as a just compensation, 
Jove bis sov' reign will declares. 

" Since he's blind," the god decreed, 
" And since Folly made him so, 

She the erring Imy shall lead. 
She bis guide where'er he go." 

Ever since, as in a tether, 

She has been the u. chin's guide ; 
They are always found toother. 

Love and Folly at bis side. 
Aug. 1817. 

IYmi the Eortfiaa Magmlse. 


SOFT blew the gale on Lomond's tide 
While Duncan steer'd his blooming bride* 
As on the waving helm reclin'd 
She gave her loose locks to the wind ; 
Andsmil'd to see the lucid stream 
Catch from her eye another gleam, N 

•* Now urge the boat — the tide is slow — 
Yon envious larches hide our foe ; 
His oars are swift — his sails are wide- 
He skims beneath yon mountain's side : 
Ah ! now his bugle's note 1 hear — 
His plume — his milk-white plume is near 1 
Ila-te, or a cnuel kinsman's pnw'r 
Will close in blood our bridal hour !" 
' Nay, Mona, show thy bjaUy's light* 
* L *-^™l knight t 

an laves 

And cheer with smiles thy fi 
'Tis but the mH^-white solan laves 
His clashing pinion in the waves; 
'Tis but a distant goatherd's bell 
Wakes echo in the winding dell. 
Yon isle whose cluster*d willows lean. 
So lowly o'er their minor green, 
Shall yield us in its silent brea*t 
A haven of untroubled rest. 
Amid the rocks which round it rise 
Like giant guards of paradise, 
The chapel's holy relics still 
Shall flying lovers guard from ill. 

44 Believe my faith 1 our humble prmy'r 
May win a richer blessing there 
Than list'ning angels ever lent 
To vows on golden altars spent :— 
A nd he wh«oe hallow'd hand shall twine 
Our plighted hearts in bonds divine, 





Bean io bit biww no wintry frewu 

To wither rosy Pleasure 's crown,— 

O fear him pot I ... . tho' years of care 

Have blaarh'd bit cbeeb and thiao'd bis bair 9 

Tet well my noble Brother loves 

To blew tbe heart which Beauty mores ; 

Fot ooce be family hop'd to trace 

A smile like tbiae in Beauty's face*— 

Perhapt o'er love's delated trust. 

Perhaps o'er f ri en ds hip taM ia jdaot, 

He moaras j— for oft with hoUoweye 

He gases oa Che fading sky t 

Or prints, with slow and palsied band, 

An image aa tbe silver saad * 

Bat. dearest, soon thy bright eye's 
Shall cheer his clouded fancy's dream, 
And teach him on yno mootd'ring shore 
To gase aa lifeless shapes ao more. 1 ' 

The lover ceas'd — with bolder stroke 
His oar the sparkling rry*tal broke, 
While brighter than tbe current's brim 
toft Fancy's mirror ■bone for him. 
Starts Moaa bow f— 'tis bat tile surge 
Moans on tbe rocky rampart's verge, 
As safe beaeath the islefs side 

, 9 mnra, 

Led by the waning 

How, Lady, trast thy pilot'f 

Tbe bounding boat has tooch'd the strand ! 

Such tints her ice-cold cheek adorn 
As stealupou the frozen morn z 
8ocb tints as best in Beauty's cheek 
Tell of tbe doubt that dares not speak. 

«* Why shrinks my love ?— yoo torch's ray 
Is near to gild our level way : 
The pastor of tbe sacred isle 
Awaits us with a brother's smile. 
See, from bis ivied casement's height 
The biasing beacon lends us lipht I 
The faggot, dear to midnight mirth, 
Burns cheeriy on bis social hearth, 
And from his heart— tho* cold it teems. 
The richest balm of kindness streams, 
As Nature's frolic pencil shews 
In frozen spar its rainbow hues t 
Or as old Neva's rock retains 
A thousand rubies in its veins. — 
He comes ! — thy smile will swreter prove 
Blest by a gentle brother's love : 
Our joy will fairer blossoms give 
If Arthur sees and bid* them live !" 

She s ig h s— -but now tbe sigh is past I 
Tbe guiding torch approaches fast : 
The Priest of Lomond's lonely isle 
Comes with a guardian-brother's smile— 
A lover's band has half withdrawn 
From Mena's cheek the shading Iowa 
And balf-reveal'd its rosy glow, 
And half her JAding neck of snow. 
But why is Al^p-'s form unseen 
Beneath bis sable mantle's screen, 
As o'er their path, with palsied hand 
He waves his nalf-exttnRuish'd brand ? — 
Tbe pressure of that band might spread 
The icy dew which damps the dead ! 
O'er his pale cheek and nollow eye 
Loose locks their ebon shade supply— 
A glance she dares not look upon 
It there— -it glistens, and is gone ! 
So mute, ao waa, the shrouded ghost 
Stalks on a drear and deathful coast ! 
Now from the chapel's sainted ground 
His footstep* call a boding sound — 
Tbe mould'ring aisle is dim and damp, 
Scarce burns the lone funereal lamp- 
It brightens now with larld glare 
While Arthar breathes the nuptial pre jr. 
His task is done— the sable veil 
luib from bis visage stern and pale— 

" Depart !— thy far sought prize r 
Thou ceold'ftt not see and love her less 1 
Thou knew'st not in bow dire a chain 
Thy brother liv'd and lov'd ia vaia t 
I thought— — 'twas but a dream of heav'n I 
That liana's faith to roe was given ; 
Butl will slumber now, and dream 
That her's to thee may faithful seem. 
I give thee at this holy shrine 
The wand'riag heart which once was mine r^ 
It is not rage which bums my brow—* 
It is not grief— I scoff tbem now I 
But bear ner farther from my soul 
Than yonder iames that mock tbe pole I— 
Away 1— thy guilt y Syren hide— 
Thy ruin'd brother s faithless bride— 
Away t lest in his burning brain 
No trace of nature's law remain 1" 

Hears Moaa yet— her mantle's fold 
Is still in gasptug Duncan's hold : 
But she is gone — already now 
Sne trembles on the loose rock's brow, 
While Duncan, dumb, with glaring eye 
Sees but the glance that bids him oie. 
Tts Arthur starts— 'tis Arthur calls 
As in the whelming wave she falls— 
44 Tarn, Mona, to a brother's breast ! 
Return, sweet Mona and be blest !" 
He flies— her floating veil is there, 
Her tresses quiver still in air : 
He plunges in tbe watry bed, 
And grasps the raiaieat of the dead. 

The pang is past— —O'er Mona's woes 
Uuvex'd tbe sileot waters close : 
Ou Lomond's isle tbechapH grey 
Still tells of Duncan's bridal day, 
And still along that lonely shore 
The stranger sees a herm.t hoar 
Who gazes on the watry glass 
And nids a long- lov'd image nam :— 
But Duncan's eye no record snows 
Of blighted love or cberisb'd woes ; 
He shuns the dim and silent hour. 
And talks of peace in Wisdom's how'r f 
But when the purple bowl he fills 
While mirth resounds and musk trills, 
He sees in Lomond's glassy tide 
A ruin'd Brother's buried Bride. 

#•♦#■•• *f , 

a tack. 

A SON of Warwick Isme. 
'Clep'4 Simon Slop, M.D. on pleas- 
Or else to fly from pain. Pure bent. 

Imbark'denedayen board the * DuktofKentj 
Cramm'd fore and aft ; — a lumberiug freight, 
Of precious souls ; — from Billingsgate 
To M aug atm bound : 
A spot io TbanetN Isle, 
Where Glaucus and the Nerfids erst did smile* 
Where now,the laughing god,with Folly's train, 
Usurps a blithe and jovial reign, 

'Twas in the dog-days' beat, when by caprice 
Or fashion urg'd t Jin* folk* of ail degrees. 
From Chcapside, uow-cross, Piccadilly, 
From dashing Bob, to Buckram Billy ; 
The plodding Cit, the Artizan, 
Tlie Crimp, the Common Council-man, 
Their wives and daughters, 
A II bent on sea-side sport : 
With due contempt forsake tbe Town, 
And to the Kentish shores flock dowa 
To take tbe waters, 

Digitized by 



London Literary and PMhsopJUoal Intelligence 



the status of city and of court 

.For sages all agree, a voyage like this, 
A pleasant trip 
Oa board a ship 
Tiahale the tea's salubrious air, 
And drive away corroding care, 
To oooe oin come amiss. 
The thing indeed were well,— discreetly us'd, 
Bat Margate trips are apt to be abui'd $ 
Por,what wi tb getting drank and getting Wo'd, 
Numbers ere they cone hack to town. 
With swimming beads and faces brown, 
Empty their pockets, and derive no good. 
~..Notso with Stop: 
He, like a nan of sense, 
Leok'd to his health, and sav'd his pence ; 
And the* hcleVd a little pleasure, 
Weald always take it at his leisure, 
And then, knew where to stop. 
It should indeed be said, moim thought him fool, 
Too* he'd some queerish notions in hb head. 
And different doctrines held, from every school 
Where your true, sapient M.D.'s all are bred. 
From College roles turn'd rcnegado, 
lie bore the nickname of Saagrado ; 
F«>r lake that sage (tho* seldom be imbib'd it), 
* Jf*** bis motto was,— and he prescribed it. 
Tlie Spanish Doctor, 'tis well known, 
Uke many others of our own, 
Still holding fast his favourite thesis, 
Would pull another man's to pieces ; 
Bo Slop, with anger and Ill-nature, 
Reviling every thins; but water, 
Would ra«l at wine in terms severe. 
And even cry down common beer, 

His (aVrite dose iVxalt. 
But while Sangrado's tribe, I wot, 
Prescribe their waters fivsh, and hot, 

He gave bis cold, and taU. 
— In snort, tea-water was a theme 
On which hVd run to an eitreme, 
Taat reasoo far outstripp'd— 
A patient's case, though gout, huabugo, 
Tenesmus, cramp, or quartian ague, 
His practice not a jot would alter, 
For still be drenrh'd them with salt water, 
Or, sent them to bedipp'd I 

No# gliding down the stream in state, 
Far from the fumes of Billing»eate, 
Our Doctor heard the Cockney crew 
44 Vukfar a FmdT — be wish'd one too ; 
But no wind came.wbirh nrov'd a serious matter 

And bad the calm much longer talcd. . 

All their sea stores bad been cxr>;iu tea" ; 

For long ere Cravtund stood iu sigut 

Some found a dev'ksh appetite 

Tattack the platter: 
They muster'd every knife and fork, 
Lugg d out the prog, aod fell to work, 
Whilst giblet-pie, and tongue, and German 

Nice savory bits, prepaid to last the passage. 
Wen t all to wreck !— r— -vs 

Others, who felt more qualms than they, 
Found themselves moatd a different way, 
And some were sick upon the deck. 
A happy time 'twas now tor Slop 
Tciilarge upon his fav' rite drop, 
Who strait resolving not to miss 
A scene so apropos as this, 
Uprais'd upon a coil of rope, 
S'wa thus begaa his smooth to ope, 

By way of lecture. 
" K«5hi gentle friends,— this circling flood 
Is the bc«.t thing to do you good. 
The Hygeiau stream tfren freely swill— 
...Against all jftjculapiao bkill 

'Tts my director. 
Whate'er the modern schools may say. 
Extolling nauseou* drugs ami oils, 
And poison brought ten thousand miles. 
Let those that will, their rules obey, 
1 II holJ this simple maxim mine, 
That Health is found in ttrtmms ta'ine : 
And "is, my friends, I would advise, 
ifrl 1 ***?* 4 health, you dotv priae, 
When dire contagion, fever, gout, 

Hhcumatic pain, scurvy, or phthisic, 
Begins to maul your frames about, 

Be this your physic." 

- — More bad he said, when lo ! 
A sudden squall came on to blow. 
Which soon a tempest ronr'd ; 
When, as the boom swept 'cross the deck. 
It catdi'd our Doctor iu the oeck, ^ 

And, knock'd him overboard. 
A wanton wag, that sat abaft, 
I ween front London City, 
Instead of shewing Christian pity, 
Jlcld both his sides, and laugbU " 
And when reprov'd by all around 
For this demeanor so unsound, 
Dryly e*claim'd,...<*Why all this pother. 
When each to save a drowning brother 

Should try his best." 
In tli is I thougnt you'd all agree 
;7.vl? M J im P»***V-and solet me... 
I Jl have my laugh, and where/* the sin? 
... To see a Doctor wallowing iu 

Hi» Medici* e-Chrst V* 
/rfineAw, /Hay 15, 1817. 


Mr. WattE* Scott's ••History of Scotland" 
It rapidly advancing at press. 

In a few days will bepublisbed, Ccetebs De- 
ceived ; by Harriet Corp. 

The celebrated mineralogist, Werwer, is 
dead. The day of his death is not staled, but 
the Paris papers quote a letter from Dresden, 
as to the fact. *' His name," says the letter, 
M was known from the iron mines of Siberia 
to those of gold In Peru." He was interred 
with eitraordinary pomp at Freyberg. He 
am* bequeathed to the King his valuable col- 
lection of minerals, which is estimated at 
160,000 crowns. 

Miss Auiv Maura Porter, author of the 
aVthjse of Norway, will sooo publish the 
Knight of Si. John, a romance. 

Zanolya, a dramatic poem, from t!je pew'of 
Mr. Coleridge, is now in the press, and <* ill 
appeal in a few days. 

The following moans of curing the Stone 
have laioJ> been published by an African ne- 
^ro : — **»Take a quarter of a pint of expressed 
jutc^ of horse-mint, and a quarter of a pint oi 
redonion juice, evening au<i inorninK, til tne 
cure is perfected. White onion* wilt not have 
the same effect as red. To get the juice of 
them, they may be cut in thin slices, and well 
sailed, and hruised-between two pewter plates. 
It is, however, the jnice of tuc horse-mint 
which po*se>scs the most virtue in this disor- 
der ; and a strong decoction of this it .11 gener- 
ally, in time, eflVct a cure." 

Mim Lvcr Am* is preparing for the prf««> 

Digitized by 



London Literary and Philosophical btteUigencc. [you '%*■ 

Memoirs of Ike Court of Queen Elizabeth $ 
comprising a minute view of Iter domestic life, 
and note* of the manners, amusement*, arts, 
aud literature of her reign. The present work 
it composed upon the plan of unitiug witb the 
per«oual history of a celebrated female sove- 
reign, and a connected narration of the domes- 
tic events of her reign, a large portion of bio- 
graphical anecdote, private memoir, and tracts 
tllu^tiative of an interesting period of English 
history. Original letters, speeches, aud-occa- 
sional poem* are largely interspersed. 

The third volume of the Personal Narrative 
of M. De Humboldt's Travels to the Equinoc- 
tial Regions of the New Continent, during the 
year» 1799-1804, translated by Helen Maria 
Williams, is nearly ready. 

Soon will be published, by the Author of 
ITardenbrassand tiaverill, Com roam, or the 
St. Kildians,atale. 

Rosabella { or, the Mother's Marriage, la 
five volume*, by the Author of the Romance 
of the Pyrennees, will shortly appear. Also 
a novel entitled Manners, in three volumes. 

Reft Rob, or the Witch of 8cot-Muir, com- 
monly willed Madge theSnoover. A ScotsTale. 

Corinne Ressoscite, suite de Corinne, on 

The Qaoksof Isis, and other Poems. By 
Thomas Gillet 

Mr. Biolaivo is preparing for publication 
A Letters on Universal History." 

Helen Mont eagle, a Novel \ by Miss Leva- 
iu, is nearly ready for publication. 


The ingenious authoress of Conversations on 
(Chemistry, has published a pleasing volume of 
Conversation on Botany, which nothing but 
the inveterate dullness of scientific nomencla- 
ture srill prevent from becoming aa popular as 
her former work, 

An edition, in English, of Madame de Gen- 
lis* Patact of Truth , her masterpiece, and tie 
roost instructive moral story extant : and a 
French version of t Enfmnt Prodigue^ both il- 
lustrated with coloured engravings, serve as a 
valuable accession to books. of education. 

Essays on the Theory of the Tides, the Fig- 
ure of the Earth, the Atomical Philosophy, 
and the Moon'* Orbit; witb engravings; by 
Jos. Locacoca. 

Modern Manner?, or a Season at Harrow- 
gate ; a novel. 

Howard Castle* or a Romance from the 
Mountains ; by a North Briton. 

A Continuation of the Emerald Isle ; by 
C. Phillips, esq. barrister-at-law, 

Another dreadf ul explosion has taken place 
in n mine n^^Borham, by tbj obstinate con- 
duct of a wt^Pred man, who perished in light- 
ing a candle. We have received the following 
extract of a letter from thf spot :— 

" At two o'clock this morning (July 1817) 
when the colliers went to work, the Overman 
found it necessary to order Davy's Lamp to be 
used in certain places, which order aeeras to 
have been attended to by the first shift of men, 
till nine o'clock, when they were relieved by 
the second shift. An obstinate fellow belong- 
ing to the second shift, when he relieved the 
man who preceded him in the farthest working 
(ami at the same, time the most dangerous, be- 
ing in the last of ventilation), persisted in 
lighting a candle« because he thought there 
was no danger, and because he thought he 
could see better with a candle. The poor fel- 
low whom he relieved remonstrated strongly 
against the lighting of the candle, stating that 

the Overman's orders were . 
be even put the candle out by force. The in- 
fatuated victim, however, persisted, and light- 
ed his candle again, when the other left bins 
working with it On bis way out to the shaft 
be met with one of the Deputy's Overmen, 
and told him what had occurred, who treat 
witb the intention of compelling the delin- 
quent to do what was right or to punish htm « 
but whether he reached his destination or not 
we cannot tell, as the explosion took place in 
a few minutes afterwards. He was too late. 
Just as the workman and another person who 
had witnessed the fact, got oat of the pit, Che 
explosion took place. It is to be hoped for 
the sake of humanity, that this lamentable 
event will have the tendency of rendering the 
workmen cautions, and prevent them from 
neglecting to use that gift of science by which 
security is given to them. It is well known, 
that during 14 or 15 months, all the accidents 
of explosion that have happened, have arisen 
from the imprudent use of candles or naked 
lights. Two days after the above eveot, 
some pitmen descended into a new pit near 
the before-mentioned, in order to ascertain 
the injury it had sustained from the expleatao 
of the old pit, when, shocking to relate eight 
men were suifocated in consequence of the 
impure state of the air in the mine. 

Dow Valewzuela has discovered that meat 
may be preserved fresh for many months by 
keep< g it immersed in molasses. 

Me hanical Powers of Navigation.— An ex- 
periment is making on the seine, under the 
inspection of the Institute, of a new coasts nc- 
ted boat, with oars, is described as pos- 
seting all the advantages of the steam-boat 
without any of its inconveniences and dangers. 
One man placed in this oar boat, is sufficient 
to urge it onwards with full rapidity* by a 
handle which resembles the rouoceof a pnnt- 
ing-pre«s, and which gives motion to the 
wheels. It is added that a single horse, instead 
of a man, would be sufficient for carry tug the 
greatest wight. 

Sir Humphrey Davt stales that flame is 
gaseous matter heated so highly as to be lu- 
minous, and that to a degree of temperature 
beyond the white heat of solid bodies, as is 
shown by the circumstance, that air not lumin- 
ous will communicate this degree of heat. 
When an attempt is made to pass flame thro* 
a very fine mesh of wire-gauze at the common 
temperature, the gauze cools each portion of 
the elastic matter that passes through it, so as 
to reduce its temperature below that degree 
at which it was luminous, and the diminution 
of temperature must be proportional to the 
smallness of the mesh and the man of the met- 
al. Sir Humphrey Davy is at Paris. M. 
BtJscH, the learned traveller in Lapland, is 
there also. M. Biot is in Scotland, to assist 
in the grand trigonometrical survey, &c. and 
to visit the Orcades. M. Muffling, charged 
by the King of Prussia with coo tinning the 
trigonometrical survey of the French engi- 
neers, is in France,for that purpose. Colonel 
Mudge, charged with a similar labour by the 
British government, has invited several of the 
utvans of France to cross the channel, and veri- 
fy bis operations. The Baron Coquebert dc 
Montbrkt, know by his immense labours on 
the statistics of France, is gone to the southern 
departments, to pursue the geological remat- 
ches still wanting to complete the physical his- 
tory of the kingdom. M. Pasvorr, of Geneva, • 
is on his way to England and Scotland, 

Digitized by 





NO. 4.] BOaTOJV, JWr&MBER 1*. 1817. [VOL. II. 

rraittftLltanrrGtttftc. • 



THE world of Islands which the Pa- dition our traveller observed, it will be 
cific Ocean has unfolded to the cu- our task to communicate to our readers 
riosity, and we may now add, to the cul- in as condensed' a way as the interest of 
tivation of enlightened Europe, is be- the narrative permits, referring to the 
coming every day better known to us ; work itself, as to one full of curious mat- 
and these volumes, connected with the ter, for the omissions our limits render 
subject, are by no means the least valu- unavoidable. 

able and entertaining which have recent*- New Zealand is as little, if not the 
ly been submitted to the British public; least known, of the South Sea Islands, 
The two Islands called New Zealand though it assumes a high rank among 
were first visited by Abel Jansen Tas- them both from its great extent, and nat- 
man, a Dutch navigator from Beta via, ural capacity for improvement. The 
in 164% who, being attacked on anchor* Rev. Samuel Marsden, Principal Chap- 
ing by the natives and four of his men lain of New South Wales, having de- 
killed, did nothing more than give them termined, with all the zeal of a Mission - 
the name they now bear, and that of ary and the benevolence of a Christian, 
" Murderers' Bay" to the strait which to carry civilization into tfiis region, sail- 
separates the Islands. Captain Cook ed from Port Jackson on the 19th No- 
sailed round them in 1769 — 1770; and vember, 1814, in the Active^^ 110 tons, 
in subsequent voyages, in 1773-4, ex- purchased anii fitted out opccount of 
tended his own fame.and our knowledge the Church Missionary Society, to carry 
by further investigation of their coasts bis design into effect Mr. Nicholas, 
and people. They are situated ^between who happened to be disengaged from 
34* W and 47° 25' south latitude ; and mercantile pursuits at that period, ao 
between 166° and 180° east longitude; companied him, and the result of his 
taken together they form an area of remarks is contained in these volumes. 
about 6% 160 square miles, or 39,782,- In the Active sailed also from Port 
400 square acres. The soil is generally Jackson three New Zealand Chiefs, 
fertile, the verdure rich, the climate fa- Shungi, Korra-korra, and Duaterra, the 
vourable, and the population active, ro- latter of whom had been for several years 
bust, and intelligent What of their a common sailor in the English merchant 
peculiar customs, productions, and con- service, undergoing cruel treatment from 
R ATBursuM. Vet. 2.. several masters of vessels, and much 

Digitized by 


Its Nicholais recent Voyage to New Zealand. [you % 

hardship* in an attempt to see King come more speedily to their communis 

George,' for which purpose he left New cations with the tribe of Wangeroa, the 

Zealand in a whaler, and was brought, murderers of their precursors. Anxious 

alas ! only into the River Thames, de- to learn the particulars of this horrid ca- 

ceived, and abandoned. fastrbphe, Mr. Marsden, Mr. Nicholas, 

On the 17th of December, the Active Mr. Kendall a schoolmaster, Mr. Hall a 
arrived off the North Cape of New Zeh- carpenter, (two of the intended settlers) 
land, after a tedious voyage, and imme- and the chiefs Shungi and Duaterra went 
diately commenced an intercourse with on shore, and proceeded cautiously, with 
the natives, though this part Of the coast the latter as an Advanced gtfard, to tha 
was not their ultimate destination. Their encampment of these barbarians ; pas- 
reception by the inhabitants of the North sing on their way through a large village, 
Cape district was friendly J the chiefs in the inhabitants of which gazed very 
the Active nosed the chiefs who came earnestly at them, but neither spoke to, 
|Jom the shore, such being the term giv- nor interrupted them, 
en by our sailors to the New Zealander's The moment they were perceived by 
mode of salutation, which consists in the Wangeroana, one of their women 
touching noses for a length of time pro- made a signal " by holding up a red mat 
portionate to the respect or regard of the and waving it in the air, while she re- 
parties, instead of lips, as in European peatedly cried out at the same time, in 
countries. The appearance of the na- a loud and shrill voice, httromai, haromai, 
tives here, is thus described, p. 96. haromai^ (come hither) the customary sa- 

" In the course of the day we had hot lotation of friendship and hospitality." 

less, I should suppose, than a dozen ca- Encouraged by this cheering invito' 

noes along-side the vessel, all filled with tion, which is invariably held sacred, 

men of a remarkable fine appearance, they advanced, Duaterra and Shungi 

Though I bad often seen New Zealan- adding to the bond of union by touching 

ders, before I approached their coast, I noses in the most amicable way with 

never thought it likely they could be so George and Tippouie, the opposite 

fine a race of people as I now fonod chiefs, who stood op while their warriors 

them. In their persons they generally were seated round them with their spears 

rose above the middle stature, some were stuck in the ground, and paying great 

even six feet and upwards, and all their deference to their leaders. During the 

limbs were remarkable for perfect sym- whole ceremony of introduction, the old 

metry and great muscular strength.— woman never ceased waving the red mat, 

Their countenances, with few exceptions, and repeating, what Duaterra informed 

were pleasing and intelligent, and had the Europeans were, prayers exclusively 

none of those indications of ferocity, designed for the occasion. The chiefs 

which the imagination naturally attri- on both sides now fired off their loaded 

butes to cannioals. They displayed, on pistols as a proof of entire confidence, 

the contrary, strong tokens of good na- and the continued narrative of this re- 

ture and Mder feelings ; and I thought markable interview is so interesting ; 

I could trWin many of them, some of that we copy it in the words of oaf 

the finest evidences of human sympathy." author. 

From North Cape, the Active coasted " Duaterra and Shunghi, standing up 

along to Doubtless Bay, where our coun- with an air of unreserved confidence, 

trymen were dissuaded from landing^ fired off their loaded pistols, while their 

lest they might be delayed by calms, rival chiefs, George, and Tippouie, do* 

They therefore continued their course to ing the same, I thought proper to follow 

the harbour of Wangeroa, of bloody their examples, and immediately dis- 

celebrity, from the recent massacre of charged my fowling-piece. This con* 

the crew of the Boyd, an English vessel, elusive signal of amity was regarded by 

of which an account is soon after given, the warriors, who had hitherto remained 

We pass over the first landing of the silent spectators, as the prelude to their 

voyagers on a little island of the Caval- commencing themselves, and instantly a 

les, and other less attractive affairs, to report from six or seven muskets wan 

Digitized by 


jou %] NicholmU repent Voyage to New Zealand* 1*3 

baud to roverherata in our ears ; and art as to bespeak no lest the industry 
spears and fire-arms coming together in than the exquisite taste of the ingenious 
deafening collision, the noise Very soon maker. The mat9 of others among them 
became insupportable. It would be were even still more beautiful, for tbey 
hard to say which was more tormented were pf a velvet softness and glossy lus- 
dnring this conciliatory exhibition, the tre, while ornamented with devices 
ear or the eye ; for the war dance now which were equally taseful with those I 
commencing* was attended with such have described. These mats were all 
frightful gesticulations, and such horrible made from the flax, and some dyed with 
varieties of convulsive distortions, that to red-ochre, so that the appearance they 
ape was no less painful than to hear : presented was gay and characteristic 
yells, shrieks, and roars, answered in Each individual wore two of them; and 
responsive discord to all the clashing fu« some even more ; the inside one being 
ry of their weapons ; and the din made always tied round the waist with a belt, 
by this horde of savages, might inspire similar to that I have already described 
even the most resolute mind with terror in another part of this ifork. In this 
and dismay. belt was stuck their pattoo-pattoo, which 

" The chiefs were now in perfect bar- is their principal war instrument, and 
mony with each other, and the furious carried by them at all times, no less for 
clamour having ceased, I had an oppor* the purposes of defence and attack, than 
tnnity of meditating on the scene before as a necessary ornamental appendage, 
me, while Mr. Majraclen stood in conver- Indeed there can be nothing extraordi- 
sttioo with George. It was certainly a nary in this, for the same is done in 
grand and interesting spectacle. The every country, polished or unpolished ; 
savage warriors, amounting to about a the only difference being as to the weap- 
hundred and fifty of as fine men as ever ons borne by the various nations ; and 
took the field in any country, were en* the warrior of Wangeroa is quite as 
camped on a hill which rose in a coni- proud of his rude pattoo-pattoo, as the 
cal shape to a considerable height ; and vainest military officer can possibly be 
the many imposing singularities they of his dangling sabre. 
presented were such as to excite a partic* " With the exception of the chiefs, 
ular interest in the mind of the beholder, there were very few of them tattooed ; 
Pew of these men were under six feet and all had their hair neatly combed and 
in height, and their brawny limbs, their collected in a knot upon the top of the 
determined countenances, and their firm head, where it was ornamented with the 
and martial pace, entitled them very long white feathers of the gannet. Ma- 
justly to the appropriate designation of ny of them had decorations which never 
warriors. failed to remind one of their martial fe- 

The general effect of their appearance rocity. These were the teeth of the 
was heightened by the variety of their enemies tbey had slain in battle, which 
dresses, which often consisted of rnaqy hung down from the ears of several of 
articles that were peculiarly becoming, them, and were worn as recording tro- 
The Chiefs, to distinguish them from the phies of their bloody congests. But 
common men, wore cloaks of different ornaments less obnoxious than these to 
coloured furs, which were attached to the civilized beholder were frequently 
their mats, and hung down over them in seen among them ; and I observed some 
• manner not unlike the loose jackets of «>f green jade that were extremely curious, 
oar Hussars. The dress of the com- However, I could not suppress my emo- 
taon warriors only wanted the fur cloaks tions on seeing the dollars that were 
to make it equally rich with that of their taken from the plunderers of the unfor- 
superiors, for it was in every other re- tunate Boyd, suspended from the breasts 
spect the same, and sometimes even mo|f of some of them, and all the horror of 
showy. Many of them wore mats, that cruel transaction was revived in my 
which were fancifully worked round mind. But the ornaments on which 
with variegated borders, and decorated they set the most value were rude repre- 
in other respects with so much curious sentacions of the human form, made of 

Digitized by 



Nichatafi recent Voyage to New Zealand. 


green jade, and carved with some inge- 
nuity. These hung down from their 
breasts, in the same manner as the dol- 

" Their instruments of war were as 
diversified as their dresses and decora- 
tions, and the weapons of no two of 
them were exactly the same in shape and 
dimensions. The greater part of them 
carried spears ; but these were all of 
different lengths, and otherwise made in 
such a manner as to preclude the idea of 
uniformity, though there were some par- 
ticulars in which a similarity among the 
whole of then) might be observed. I 
remarked many of them with short spears, 
which served them for the same purpose 
that the musket is employed in other 
countries, to attack their enemies at a 
distance ; and this they generally do to 
some effect, by darting these spears at 
them with a sure aim. The long spears, 
which are headed at the end with whale- 
bone worked down to an extremely sharp 
point, they use as lances, and with these 
they do great execution in close attack. 
Battle-axes also were carried by some in- 
dividuals among them, as likewise an 
instrument resembling a Serjeant's hal- 
bert, which had large bunches of the 
parrot's feathers tied round the top of it 
by way of ornament. Other3 brandish- 
ed in their hands long clubs made of 
whalebone, and all carried thepattoo- 
pattoo, an instrument of no fixed dimen- 
sions, though generally about eleven or 
twelve inches long, and four broad. In 
shape, it bears some jesemblance to the 
battledore, but is worked out to a sharp 
edge, and one blow from it would in- 
stantly sever the hardest skull. They 
employ them for the purpose of knock- 
ing down Air enemies when they come 
to close combat, and indeed no weapon 
can do this more effectually. Those I 
have seen were variously made of the 
whalebone, the green jade and a dark-' 
coloured stooe, susceptible of a high po- 
lish. The ingenuity they evince in ma- 
king these weapons is really surprising ; 
and I am fully convinced that none of 
our best mechanics, with all the aid oP 
suitable tools, could finish a more com- 

plete piece of workmanship in this line, 
than one of these savages, whose whole 
technical apparatus consists of a shell or 
a sharp stone. Trppouie, who, I roust 
now observe was the brother of George, 
had a weapon of this description, which 
he had beat out of some bar-iron, and 
the polish it displayed was so very fine, 
that I could not have thought it possible 
for it to have been effected by the sim- 
ple process of a New Zealander, had I 
not many other proofs of the astonishing 
ingenuity of these people. Thus did 
the savage instruments of death present 
themselves to my view in every shape, 
and the scene gave rise to many power- 
ful sensations. 

" The fated crew of the Boyd were 
still present in any mind ; and the idea 
that I was at that very moment sur- 
rounded by the cannibals who had butch- 
ered them and had seen the very weap- 
ons that had effected their slaughter, 
caused a chilling horror to pervade my 
frame ; while looking only at the deed 
itself, I never once considered that it 
might have been provoked. 

" But while my mind was thus agitat- 
ed with the reflections produced by this 
shocking massacre, I contemplated with 
surprise the faces of the perpetrators. 
Never did I behold any, with the excep- 
tion of one countenance, (George's) that 
appeared to betray, fewer indications of 
malignant vengeance. I observed, on 
the contrary, an air of frankness and sin- 
cerity pictured in them all ; and the 
fierceness they displayed was not that of 
barbarous fury, impatient for destruction, 
but of determined courage, still ready to 
engage, but always prepared to show 

This long extract forbids us to go on 
to the next in our present Number, es- 
pecially as it is also of considerable 
length, being the appalling history of the 
butchery of the Boyd's crew, as told by 
the savage perpetrators of that massacre. 
As our review of the voyage will, how- 
ever, occupy several numbers, this sad 
•Aory will appear in the ensuing publi- 

Digitized by 


*©i~ t.] The Wanderer. 135 

From tte Bmoptn Maguia* 


Gl^p&r //. ments of affection and esteem : the pas* 
*TX) witness the separation of the body sions of school-boys are stronger than 
-*- and its immaterial essence, even those of men, they know less of the 
when the process is accompanied by all world, and have not arrived at the. pe- 
the forms attendant on dissolution, when riod of thinking most men knaves, and 
the quackeries of mourning and medicine knowing many to be so— when, looking 
through a long illness have marked the with coolness on the occurrences of life, 
gradual approach of death, and by dia- and profiting by their experience, (often 
tracting the reflexions have blunted the dearly bought) (heir attachments become 
feelings and relieved the intensity of grief rather subservient to their interests, than 
—even then 'tis a most painful spectacle ; the results of their feelings. 
one which, striking at the root of our From the sombre reflections which 
self-conceit, convinces us of our insigni- had occupied his mind during the night, 
£caoce, and proclaims aloud that man is Maurice rose as soon as the day appear- 
but " the child of dust, the brother of ed, and after visiting his friend's lifeless 
the worm." But this, painful as it is, corse, and giving directions about his 
cannot be compared with the acute feeW funeral, which he learned from the land- 
ings of grief experienced at beholding the lady Wharton had desired to be as plain 
sudden death of a beloved friend ; the as possible, and not at all differing from 
unexpectedness of the occurrence stems* those of the villagers, he proceeded to his 
as it were, the usual feeling of unmixed home, where he found bin friends as well 
sorrow, and produces in its stead a dull as he could wish, aod received a moat 
depression of soul, a sullen silent grief ardent welcome — the joy of the meeting 
too heavy for utterance, and which seems was somewhat checked by the melancho- 
asif to ex press it would increase its weight, ly account of the death of his unfortunate 

Maurice beheld bis friend's death with friend, 

the keenest emotion, his feelings over- A week from the day on which Wbar- 

powered him, he sank on a chair near the ton had died, Maurice followed his bier 

lifeless body, and for some moments was to the grave. It was a most romantic 

overcome by the violence of his emotions; spot in which he had desired to be bu- 

he was soon, however, roused by the ried t upon a small eminence in the vil- 

peopte in the room, and stifling his feel- lage cbureh-yard ; an immense yew- 

ings, he gave some necessary orders, and tree overshadowed the grave, and the 

retired to the bed prepared for him. wind rustling through its thick brandies 

Left to himself, he thought with in- made a sighing*sound at every blast. 

creased sorrow of the untimely fate of Without any very great effort of the ima- 

his deceased friend, and almost depreca- gination, it might have seemed to be 

ted the chance which had brdught him at performing a requjem over the dead. In 

•uch a moment to witness his death. His this spot, which command^ a view of 

thoughts then took a retrospective glance the village-school aod the surrounding 

to the period at which he had known country, Wharton had loved to sit for 

him previously to bis leaving England. hours together : and here, a short time 

They had been together at a public before his death, he had requested to be 

school, where Wharton, who was by interred. 

some years Maurice's senior, had won Maurice stood in a reverie, almost in- 

his eternal friendship by the numerous sensible to the objects around him, until 

kind offices which a bigger boy at a pub- the hollow sound of the heavy earth strik- 

Kc school can render to his inferior &$ ing on the coffin roused him — it seem- 

size and age ; he had fought his battles, ed to break as it were, the last link of 

done his lessons, and screened his faults ; the chain which had connected the de- 

the result was, that there subsisted be- ceased to humanity. He listened de- 

tween the friends the warmest senti- voutly to the remainder of the burial ser- 

Digitized by 


1M Authentic Memoirs of ike RevokUion in France, and of the [rout 

▼ice, the most sublime of ail the offices sear into for g etruh t esfl, but can never re- 

of the church of England, calculated at store to health; it is some consok- 

the same time to inspire a resignation to tion to poor forth on paper the over- 

the will of the Almighty, and to impart flowing* of his heart— -at least I find it 

consolation to the the mind borne down so — and as on looking back upon the 

with grief. occurrences of my life, I see many cu> 

Among Wharton's papers was found cumstances which now seem to have 

a note, in which he desired, that after the been mighty ridiculous, though they 

payment of his funeral, and other ex- onoe appeared of vital importance to roe, 

pauses, the remainder of the money he I hare determined to put them -on paper, 

peasessed, should be given to his hostess, in order, as Montaigne says, w to make 

as some remuneration for the kindnesses them ashamed of themselves." Boms 

he had received from her. Maurice ful- of them are of a more sombre cast ; and, 

filled his friend's intentions, and retired perhaps, when the cold, but friendly 

ltome with a heavy heart, where, at the grasp of death shall have ceased the 

first opportunity, he opened the roanu- throbbing of the heart which now pants 

script which Wharton had given him. from the oppression of the world, some 

On the first leaf, and evidently written congenial spirit may light upon tbsie 

much later than the beginning of the pages, written as cursorily as the feeliogi 

book, was written as follows : — which prompted them, occurred to the 

" When a man's mind has become so mind of the writer* Should such a out 

much estranged from bis fellow men (no meet with them when the eye of the world 

matter whether by his own vices or by is not upon him, and the hand which now 

those of others) that he feels no social traces them shall have mouldered intv 

tie, which causes him to take any interest that oblivion which (but that religion 

in the affairs of the world and its inhab- forbids the murmur) his aching mind 

itants ; when his spirit has been so much wishes it never woke from, the rental 
wounded, that the accidental collision of may beguile him of a tear — the suffer- 

his own with the human feelings of others, ance has cost me many— if this should 

has no effect but that tearing afresh those not be the case, they will at all events 

wounds which the hand of time may serve to light a fire." 


PUBLISHED Iff 1817. 8VO. 

THE fall of the Preach government giving this dreadful experience to tbe 
was among the mo3t memorable world. Bat of all, the highest contri- 
eatastrophes that ever shook the European buted the most unmerited and fearful 
system. Great disasters at home, great share. The royal family of France sat, 
vicissitudes abroad, the unexampled suf- at the close of the American war, on a 
ferings of the^surrounding nations, and throne the most enviable that ever bore 
the consummate triumph of the rival a monarch, if in thrones all is not vanity. 
power which had fought from the begin* The*kingdom, recovered from the agi- 
ning against her violence and her princi- tation of a brief war, was returning to 
pies, crowded into the* last twenty-five rapid prosperity : the intelligence of^the 
years a mass of interest utterly une- nation was flowing out in energized in- 
qualled in the memory of civilization, dustry, wealth, and literature. Honoured 
The French revolution' had another as the central land of European cultiva- 
interest; it seemed to have been devised tion, France was already ascending to, 
as a mighty lesson to all ranks of men. ^a height from which she wa* to look 
The period which shewed Sovereigns Bwn as the great mistress of European 
shaken from their thrones, like dust from power. The king was young, popular, 
the balance, shewed the most pitiless in- accomplished, a man of virtue, and a pa- 
corsiona on individual happiness. All triot; the queen, the finest woman of 
conditions in France bore their share io bar age, admirable for talent, grace, and 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


flnjerfegs e/lftc Rayd Family. 


beauty,— the daughter of a heroioe, and release of the Duchess d'Angoule 

with a heart noble at bar mother's; their from the Temple. The narrative is of 

children, full of the promise of beauty unequal excellence; but it is of high an* 

and virtue, the hope of France. In a thority. The memoirs of eye-witnesses 

moment this briRtaot prospect was over* have been chiefly employed. Hoe's, 

shadowed, and if human nature were to Clery's, and the DvcitEss d'An- 

hnve bean searched for an example of ooulbme's affecting journal hare given 

the deepest humiliation* it must hare the chief material of the latter part : the 

been found in the midst of that illustri- earlier is from the most authentic docu- 

ooe and ruined family. They had one 
consolation, and it was above all that 
the worjd could give ; they were inno- 
cent With the sufferings of the did con* 
f em ora of the gospel, they had their pu- 
rity.. It cheered them in their prison; 

meets of the time. We quote the attack 
on the Bastile, the first open violence 
against the laws and the throne. 

" Apprehensive of disturbances, the 
Governor of the Bastile, the Marquis dw 
Lauma*}, had a few days before arranged 

h threw dignity around their dying hour ; for its defence, by placing some additional 

it made their grave glorious; but it guns on the walls. A quantity of small 

deepened the crime of France. A arms, balls, and cartridges had been also 

wretched and bloody people, haunted brought in, besides two* hundred and 

by tho memory of their murder, and fifty barrels of powder. The garrison 

driven to lose the last crime in the agita- consisted of one hundred and fourteen 

tion of new guilt, wandered with fire and men, chiefly invalids, besides the Gov- 

aword through the nations, ite hand ernor's servants. About two in the 

against every man, and the world's hatred morning of the 13th, the Governor 

warring against the world's enemy. The ordered the soldiere to occupy the castle, 

mark of Cam was on its forehead, and and placed sentinels at the gate leading 

in due time it was stricken. The inju- to the" street of St. Awtome. During 

lies of Europe have been vindicated in 
the punishment of France. The inju- 
ries of her royal family have been left 
to another vindication, gentler but not 
loss decisive. The single survivor of 
their prison has been placed in her old 
conspicuous rank, and in it has given evi- 
dence of the admirable qualities which 
lived in that place of martyrdom. She 
has been tried in all the stronger emer- 
gencies that display the noble heart. In 
the endurance of long and hopeless exile, 
in the perils of rebellion, in the sudden 
return to the palace of her ancestors, she 
has had the whole trial that pain, danger, 
and prosperity could offer for the tempt- 
ation of the spirit In all she has been 
found equal to the exigency. The 
JDoebess d'Angouleme is now the repre- 
sentative of the -virtues which were bu- 
ried in the grave of her parents. The 
memory of Louis and Antoinette is 
renewed to the world, in the magnan- 
imity of their child; and Franco,awak< 
ed from her delirium, has learn ei 
» the treacherous hands that rob! 

this day no act of violence was com- 
mitted, but some shojs were discharged 
at the guards on the tower. Early oa 
the morning of the 14th, the sentinels of 
the gate St. Antoine were taken prisoners 
by the people, and carried to the com- 
mittee at the town-house. About ten in 
the morning, three deputies came from 
the committee as far as the iron railing 
at the first draw-bridge, and desired to 
speak with the Governor, who went to 
them ; but seeing an immense crowd, 
he said that only the three deputies could 
be admitted, and offered to send out as 
many hostages while they remained, . 
which was agreed to. De la Rozierf, 
a Parisian barrister, and first elector of 
the district of St. fs>uh, arrived, and at 
his own request was likewise admitted. 
He said that he came to represent to the 
Governor, that the cannon, pointed from 
the towers on the different streets, had 
alarmed the inhabitants, and to solicit 
ikaajsWheir being withdrawn. The Governor 
'di^^Prged the impossibility ef his compliance, 
bb«r without orders from his superiors. He 
her of sovereigns, who could possess and observed that they were in places where 
inspire the virtues living* before their eyes, they had been for many years past; 
The present volume details the early but that to quiet those alarms, he would 
tof ths Revolution down to the order them to be drawn back within tho 

Digitized by * 



Memoir* of the Sufferings of the Rayed Family of France. [vol. 1 

parapet De la Rozikrb asked permis- your safety with oar lives." They then re* 
sioa to go into the castle, to see that this returned to theElmCourt,where in about 
was done. The Governor at first ob- a quarter of an hour they went away, 
jected to this ; but on being requested ** The people again came on, and the 
by Major de Lottie, consented. As miserable irresolution of the Governor 
soon as Oe la Rozibrb Was within the and treachery of the garrison gave them 
castle, he began to beseech the Governor every advantage. In the teeth of the 
and garrison not to fire on the people, castle guns they set fire to the guard- 
but quietly yield the place : to this it room, and to the Governor's house. A 
was answered, that they would not fire, cannon was then fired at them, the only 
unless they were attacked ; and that the one discharged during the attack, the 
consequences must rest with the aggres- place having been defended simply with 
sore. After staying a short time, and muskets ! 

completing the object of his mission, " The French guards, who had been 
which afterwards appeared to have been seduced from their allegiance, now ap- 
to ascertain the best mode of attack, he peared, bringing a mortar, two four 
retired. In about half an hour the pounders, and a cannon inlaid with 
people appeared in great numbers in the silver, which had been taken out of the 
street & Antoine, and in the Postage Garde Meuble. Ds Lad nay having 
Courie, armed with muskets, sabres, and neglected to lay in provisions, and the 
hatchets, exclaiming, " Tbey must have people persisting in their determination 
the Bastile ! Down with the troops !" &c. to reduce the plrrre, about four o'clock 
The officers begged them from the walls in the afternoon, all the non-commission- 
to keep back, and represented .the danger ed officers went to solicit the Governor 
to which they were exposing themselves : to surrender it ! Finding himself in this 
tbey however persisted in advancing, and extremity, he endeavoured to fire a 
as there were no troops to defend it* pistol into the gunpowder which was 
succeeded in getting down the first draw- deposited in the Tour de la Liberie, but 
bridge. The garrison on this, called was prevented by two Serjeants. He 
out >o them again to retire, or they must asked the garrison what they wished him 
fire upon them ; but they answered by to do ? He said his own opinion was, 
continuing to advance, and firing on the that they ought to defend themselves to 
soldiers. The garrison now returned the last, and even blow up the place 
the fire, and drove the insurgents back rather than fall into the hands of a fini- 
te the first draw-bridge, from which they Ous mob. But as the garrison continued 
kept up a constant fire upon the ramparts, to insist on surrendering, he gave a 
Soon after, a flag was seen advancing white handkerchief to a serjeant, ordered 
from the arsenal, followed by an im- him to shew it from the battlements, 
mense number of people in arms, some and sent a drummer to beat the Ckamade. 
of whomjhaited in the first court, called The populace, regardless of the signals, 
H\e Court of the Elms, while others ad von- and rendered more courageous by the 
ced to the next, calling out to the garrison cessation of resistance, continued to fire, 
not to fire, as deputies were come from They soon advanced to the draw-bridge 
the town -house. De Launat said that and ordered it to be let down. The 
the deputies might advance, but that the officer commanding the Swiss detach- 
people in arms must not advance be- ment, spoke to them through a loop hols 
yond the first draw-bridge. The sol- at the side of the gate, and proposed 
diers on the walls called out that they that the garrison should be allowed to 
•would not fire, and in proof clubbed their march out with their arms ; but the popu- 
muskets. After many signs and much lace exclaimed, " No I No !" He, then 
entreaty, the people stopped, and the Jgjd them, that the troops would dtftver 
deputies advanced into the Pussogd^Htbe place and their arms, if they were 
Courte. There they remained about wKired that neither insult nor violence) 
ten minutes without advancing, notwith- of any kind would be offered to them, 
standing the soldiers on the towers called The insurgents replied, " Let down the 
out to them, " Come and speak to the bridge, nothing snail happen to you.** 
Governor; we will be answerable for The Governor o* this ejuiruco took 

Digitized by 


*>*. 9.] Present 9toU of ike Greeks in Ana-Minor. 1*» 

the key out of his pocket, and ordered house; and the last, the Cotjmt n 

two corporals to let do wd the bridge. It Solagbs, who by his own detail had 

was no sooner down, than the people been arrested at Toulouse, by an order 

rushed into the court^nd attacked the in- from the minister, granted at the request 

Talids who had laid down their arms, and of his own father, for dissipation and 

were ranged along the wall on the right, other misconduct. He had been first 

44 The 8wisa were opposite to them, sent to Vincennes, and afterwards re- 

aad escaped; not being immediately re- moved to the Bastile in February 1784. 

marked ; owing probably to the canvas Having heard the firing, he enquired of 

Crocks which they wore over their uni- the turnkey, who had just brought up his 

Conns. The people then entered the dinner, what it meant He was told it 

apartments of the officers, where they was occasioned by a revolt of the people, 

broke the fureiture,doors, and windows; on account of the scarcity of bread ; but * 

and so great was the contusion, that while the turnkey was apologizing for 

. many continued to fire, and, without in* being later than usual in bringing him 

tending it, killed and wounded their his dinner, the room was filled with 

companions. The officers and invalids armed men* It was some time before 

were dragged to the Greve." the Count could think himself in safety. 

Db Lauh ay was assassinated in front He was removed to an bote}. The 

Of the town-house by the mob; his head populace, of their own impulse, had 

cot of£ and paraded through the streets destroyed the Governor's house, and 

oo a pike. some of the other buildings of the Bastile. 

Besides this unfortunate nobleman, But the committee at the town-house 

they murdered M. Db Losmb Salbray, resolved that the castle itself should be 

Major of the Bastile; Db Hbssellbs, demolished. The city architects were 

ProToet of the Merchants ; Db Mirat, appointed to conduct the work, and this 

Aide- Major, and Pertan, Lieutenant immense edifice was soon levelled with 

of the Invalids. the ground. Many cannon-balls were 

" The people now, intoxicated with found in the walls, supposed to have 

their successes, began to search the cells, been lodged there during the war of the 

Bat what was their astonishment to find Fronde, at the battle in the Fetuxbourg* 

that those dreary dungeons, which they St. Antoine, when the Royal army was 

expected to find crowded with the vie- commanded by Turbwnb, and that of 

urns of despotism, contained but seven the Fronde, by the great Condb. The 

prisoners ! Four of those had been Bastile was begun to be built in 1 369, 

placed there, preparatory to their trial for by order, of Charles V., and finished by 

an extensive forgery of bills of exchange ; his successor in 1 383, as a state prison, 

one, a notorious offender, as a temporary Upon Ae accession of Louis X VI., the 

punishment ; one, who waa insane, and registers food been inspected, and most 
whom the mob afterwards sent to a mad- ofthe prisoners liberated." 

• ¥ 


PBESBifT state of the Turco-oreekish lesser districts to the subordinate aghas, 
provinces op asia mikor. who again reimburse themselves by pro- 

THE Turkish dominion, .re divided S^ 6 CTto " io °- " 1 ^ au,h l ? ri . t y of *• 
uu *ui»»uuuu»uiuu»«eui « gupenor pashas is almost unlimited, and 
i»to. number of pro..***, woich in "£„„„£„, incw |heir .,w| ance 
sregoTemed by pubes, or beys^ordm* . equiv) £ |. One of their Irinci- 

totbetr extent. Iboee oncers de^^, ' b ,;^ tion , ig> t0 furnWl a ^ toia 

E"?"U fc !r W»*"f* *°" ^proportion of troops, .nd, when sun*. 

, ' t ?V t0 ° a ,od r n '£ * T "">"«». »«> accompany them in per«» to 
Mlvee for thst expence, by wiling the ^ impwial ^ t- 

.» A mwm .. Vol ft Mehemmet, thepash. of Adtlia, for* 

Digitized by (jOOQiC 

1J9 Cagtwin Btaxifarl's Vuyoge* (frejL. % 

kMJgUm^W^oalfeT^eitUissua^ their Uvea; end the resVipfWing 4k 
mpns, but had even refused to seed his men\ out fyin Ba*by> and a,bout a hour 
quota. The mceosed Porte at fire^ co^ld dred of th^ir MIq wets, ^w OwwiaselT^ 
oajy menace, being too Cully pccupied iojo, boa*s»and eapa|)ed to sea. ia various, 
bjj t£e war with Russia either ty 4 e P9&? directions,. 

of puoiah him. A° m <A bis bfptljier, We afterward* learned d*at Ahmed, 
aid avowed eoeqiy, at that time, lived with a few attendant W ^te^rajugi 
under tlje protection of f£a*a Qsman in tfca barren island afRaajyUterbentbo 
Gjglqo, the pasha of Mfeaguosia, and per- wflssoon dtscoveoed W^s&**l8W*«p4i 
hfof tUe most powerful cbjefuiu of Aav aisp, that the vessel containing to* pjuo- • 
tqba. Through his influence, Ahmed derpd treasure Wibeeu seized by tbejbey 
secretly purebred, at Constantinople, a, of Rhodes* and bonou/qbly restored. 
fermau of appointment to by brother's AnUlia is beau4fa% atfiflted WW&d* 
pas^alik; foe which he vyas^xpay, i£ small harbour : the street* appear to. rise 
uftimatelj successful, 1 50,0Qa piastres, behind each other, 1*1*0 |he seate 4% 
TJbe Porte, however, seldom goes farther theatre ; and* on tbe level summit of the 
tl^an to grant the ferman :— ^here it is; hill, the city is enclosed ty a> ditch, % 
get possession as you can* n\bmed, double wall, and a^seiies of square tew«% 
therefore* accompanied by our passenger, about fifty yards, asunder, We endee- 
the Bin Bashy, proceeded to $caia vouredto oW^pe^w^n to pans, along. 
JJuova; and, with the assistance of the tk^e inside of the vjafls, and tfo examine 
pasha of Magnesia, embarked about them and the towers ; but the bey re- 
%ee hundred well-armed volunteers in minded us of the rigid laws of the empire 
small vessels, giving out there that they on that subject, and, without absolutely* 
Mtere a reinforcement for tl?e pasha of E- refusing, put it to ray feelings whether, 
gypc Ina few days they iqacnedA<laha, circumstanced as he was with regard to. 
^here, pretending that they were trading the Porte, I would urge him to do what 
vessels . returning from Alexandria, and his enemies would not fail to distort into 
in want of provisions, they entered the a grave offence. There was no answer- 
harbour without exciting suspicion. After ingthia appeal, and we contented ©uj- • 
dusk the confederates, who had till selves with an external view,, 
then been concealed under apparent The population of Adalia probably 
merchandise, suddenly landed, and, seiz- doesnotexceed 9000, two-third* of which 
iog on the gates of the city, and op the I understood to be Mohammedan,, the 
palace, they proclaimed their leader, to be other third Greeks These Greeks are 
the lawful pasha. The next day Ahmed acquainted witb 00 other language than 
rifled Mebemmet's treasury, wherein, it the Turkish ; yet, though some of their 
is said t a million of piastres were found ; prayers are translated into that tongue* 
and which, for fear of a reverse of fortune, the principal part of the liturgy is re- 
were instantly embarked, and consigned peated in Greek by the papas, or p/iesja»* 
to the caw of his patron at Scala Nuova. of whom the greater number are as 
Menemmet, fortunately for himself, ignorant of the meaning as their congre- 
was in the country when the city had gatioo. Chandler mentions a similar 
been surprised. He speedily exerted the circumstance at Philadelphia : and in 
resources yet left to him; the best of some of the other inland towns of Asia 
which were the affections of his people : Minor, where the proportion of Greeks . 
and these he undoubtedly possessed ; for,, is but small, the language of tbeir mas- 
. though his capital was taken, his treasure ters prevails as it does here. It is a sin- 
eone. and himself declared a rebel by gular fact, however, that at Scala Nuova, 
the Porte, he was enabled to present a considerable sea-port near Ephesus, 
himself before the walls of the city, on t^a contrary takes place,; — few Turks 
the fourth day, with six thousand faithful ^m speak Turkish fluently ; even the 
adherents. During two days the conflict a^K and the janissaries conversed wka 
-was doubtful, but at length victory each other in Greek, and explained there- 
crowned his efforts. Two-thirds of his selves, imperfectly to our Turkish inter- * 
antagonists payed for their temerity with preter. 

Digitized by 


TETtfrtrD anacs. meat for Ibis recent! J formed tack has 

Hie shore boneding this plain mm been derived ; and, perhaps wherever 
*ww*ag*a*el beachr, tot, from the nr* the petrified beach occurs* a similar niodb 
per pan of die siojte to tone distance -ef accounting for it might bo furnished 
intOtbe*ea, it is no*r« eoiencrnet of byao attentive tavestigation of the abja- 
4MdUnig4toocv from am* to two feet in cent strata. 

thickness. This petrified beach is not la tie island of Rhodes there are kills 
Madia* to the attain of Sch'nty : nana/ ef puddmg-stone considerably eforated 
lastaneesof it, on a smajksrecafte, bad above the sea: I have fragments ofk 
been ahedy ohserved on the coasts of whidh cannot be distinguished from those 
Asia Mtbor, entfca few ia some parts of we, had detached from the beach of Se- 
Greece ; and I have bean arfetsnad that ttnty, or from that of port Raphti ia 
spJe of it also oncer* hi Aiejry. Greece \ eicept that its consolidation is 

Seiag generally covered with loose sand father more complete, which may poesi* 
andpewbleB,Hpr«s«dUtotbeeynitoes:- My arise from the greater pressure of the 
tm o t di i ia r y appearance; but the unwary immmbeat weight, and frodi its longer 
laMtn^tstKidldnnetal^UlbtncomnKm exposure to the air. It is remarkable 
seech of yielding materiel** and should that * horiaootal stratum of stone-marl 
ronwpoo it before a fottowiageurf, angbt ajtyears to nave once covered these bills, 
fa fas% apprized of rt* error* Inespe* At Cape Krio, the ancient Cnidus, there 
aiuans from various place* that I have is also much calcareous breccia* which is 
examined, differ but little from each ektretneiy hard : the base of one of tbe 
other : gravel predominates in some, tenfples 1 is composed of it, though tbe 
coa rse aand in others, or they lie in afc- superstructure is of marble. At Phase* 
temate layers of each* The pebbles in all Us we found a patch of the petrified 
toe mdre or less rounded ; out the more beach, and again at a few miles to the 
jagged-nod angular they ute^ the stronger eastward of Alaya; where, being thin, 
. itf the aggregate* The gravel is a coUee- the sea has undermined and blown it up 
tion of a great variety of different species, in several places, leaving the subordinate 
though the greater part of them seem to gravel in its natural state. It is, how* 
beca lc nveo ua . The cement or paste by ever* needless to enumerate here all the 
which they are united is likewise caleare* places where it may be found on this 
Dos, and'so tenacious, that a blow soft* coast: they are every where expressed 
eient to break the mast, more frequently in the survey, in ordet to warn the mark 
fractures even tbe quartz pebbles, than her, as Weil as for the purpose of enabling 
dislodges them from their bed. future visitors to ascertain whether tbe 

Close 1o the westward of Side we bad principle continues at work, or whether 
found some ledges of reek, partly above tbe efforts of the sea are now employed 
and -partly under water, which appear to in the subversion of what has been al- 
ba*© fcefcri produced in a sMrar manner* reedy formed. At Pompeiepolis it will 
This rock contains a large proportion of be necessary to revert to the subject; 
ttfoken tiles, both red and yellow, of bet the great length of the petrified 
sheds, Mis of wood, and of such rubbish beach of Selinfy seemed to bier a fit 
M migtt be etpected in the vwtoityofa opportunity for bringing together these 
town. It is uncommonly hard ; but, as slight notices upon a subject, which may 
W»h*d no tools' m the boat, satisfactory be curious to those who have not wit- 
specimeoa'coald not be detached. Near nessed similar phenomena ; and which 
to these rdcky ledges, a ridge of low hills must be interesting to all who reflect how 
rises to the height of about eighty feet: rare are tbe opportunities of observing 
•hey consist of thin torfeontal strata of the proeess of nature when engaged in 
soft grey Knlestone, or rather of half in* the formation of new rocks, compared 
d&rated. mart, and are intersected lAwiththe every where visible means by 
chop gdffies, Which have been word which the gradual destruction of tbe old 
through by streams that trieVte across iocIw k aewinpeshed. 
die beaen ittto the sea. Pernaps tbe caW r**Ataa, » esc bj<d ants or tub lace- 
eareone panicles thus washed down may demojhaits. 

feint vHinWswuron Mm whence thece. We weighed in pursuit of a*mallarn> 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

Gnxk Pirates*- Vint to Tdnau. [you % 

ed wissel that had tacked iff shore oa the primal or ina a w tie s us , came off to 

perceiving tbe frigate at anchor. A express their gratitude lor oar having do* 
kaik, of whom she bad bees in chaoa, livered them from oae at least ol that 
-was quickly spoken, and the master pro- fraternity which had so often laid their 
toing hie belief that she was a pirate, bland under contribution; and thee/ 
redoubled our anxiety to catch her. By pointed out a rook near the ship, where, 
the term pirate is not meant a Barbery three dayahefore, two Matnot pirate* had 
(corsair: the predatory states of that adjoarncd to divide the plunder of a 
coast, however rapacious, confine their Turkish boat; whose crew, consisting of 
hostilities to distinct nations; and, how* five men, they had m a ssacre d there, spar* 
ever inhuman their treatment, the value iagooiy one passenger ; and bun they 
of tbe slave is a guarantee for the lire of had deprived of ah ear. % The troth of 
the captive: but in the district of Mataa, this story was confirmed by the poor fat* 
the southern province of the Moron, low rnntself, who afterwards came on 
there is a regularly organised eyetem of board to have his wound dressed ; and 
absolute and general piracy. The nam- an officer, who was d e s p a tch ed to the 
ber of their vessels, or armed row-boats, rock, reported that the five bodies wave 
fluctuates between twenty and thirty ; still lying there, a prey to kraeenentts 
they lurk behind the beadlanda and in- birds. The little that is generally known 
numerable rocks of tbe Archipelago. All of these profligate descendants from the 
flags are eoually their prey t and tbe life Spartans, and of tbek desperate piracies, 
or death of the captured crew is merely may perhaps plead a sufficient npology 
a question of convenience. A Turkish for this short Agression* 
prise is the only exception to this rale; TSJun>%9owTtmsoe^THBBiftTn]PLACi 
for, as they expect no mercy if taken by on st. faou 

Turks, they rarely give them Quarter. The same motives which had restrained 

The preceding year we had found one me from visiting in person the rains of 
of these pirates concealed in a email SeJeueia, and other places remote from 
creek of Hennonissi, a barren island to the coast, here also induced me to refaa- 
the westward of Stampalia : as our boats quisb the pleasure of accompanying that 
approached, they fired into them from expedition. The temptation was* in* 
the cliffs, and rolled down large stones, deed, great : few cities, in Asia-Miner, 
which wounded two of our men. We were more celebrated than the anoieot. 
destroyed the vessel, sjid compelled most Tarsus ; and even the modern city bears 
of tbe crew to submit : the rest retreated a respectable rank in the Turkish empire, 
to the craggy heights, and we made sail The officers found the distance to Tor* 
in quest of their comrade, who we learn* aoos about four hours, or t w e l v e miles, 
ed was skulking among the neighbouring through a level and well cultivated coon- 
islands ; but the darkness of the night, try. On their arrival, they wailed on 
and the warning fires from the top of the the moosseilim, or governor; bat tiny 
island, enabled bim to escape. On re- were desired to produce their fetssen 
turning to Hennonissi, we found that a from the Porte, before they cotdd be 
couple of nights 9 starvation had rendered admitted. He detained it e long time, 
the remaining rogues more tractable, for and on several preteits evaded granting 
they eagerly came down to the boat and them en audience : at length, however, 
surrendered themselves. Nothing could they were admitted to his presence; 
be more contemptible than the appear- when, after much haughty and imperii- 
ance of this vessel ; yet she rowed fast, neat examination on his pert, and ex- 
possessed a swivel and twenty muskets, population on their's, he offered them 
and, with the forty ferocious-looking coffee, and permitted them to take a 
villains who manned her, might have walk through the city, but refused them 
carried the largest merchant ship in theiifjiy protection. He suspected, or pre- 
Mediterraueau. Nay, two of these vessels tended to suspect, that they were travel- 
had lately secured themselves under a hng merchants, who ought to have made 
rock, and had actually frustrated the bim n present; but the true causa of thk 
repeated attacks of a Turkish frigate, conduct was, that ho did not see the 
Having occasion to anchor at Stampalia, frigate from the town $ hec appearance 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

vou ft.} JKwwr Cydnu*—Pa*t cfCXcm. 1«fc 

mold have beta enweeficientinwo- horns to the noiih w erd of Tsrsus, there 
duebon Una either farmaa, present, or is a rejamrkable defile through a great 
aonHnpanying janiosaryi and, indeed, chain of mountains, which are every 
weiavariably found the einlity of thee* where else inaccessible. This pass, as 
fttmi*b«rbemns to be exactly in the in- they were informed, admits about eight 
Teres ratio of their distance from the ahtp. horses abreast, and has been cut through 
The permtaMoo to walk about the the rook to the dtyth of about forty feet: 
town wee of little avail; aa they were the marks of the tools are still visible in 
closely followed by a rabble, who ob- its sides.* 

structed and insulted then. They were The party returned by a different route 
however able to estimate the length of to Kazalu, near which place they passed 
the city to be upwards of a mile, and, the foot of another large flat-topped 
though very straggling; that it roust eon- mound ; but the lateness of the evening 
tain several thousand inhabitants. These prevented a closer examination. From 
are many respectable looking mosques the ship it had appeared to be artificial ; 
and minarehs ; one of which was dis- and, from the habit we had acquired of 
tinotly seen from on board. All the appropriating ancient names, it obtained 
bouses are small and wretched, except that of the tomb of Sardanspalus. 
that of the moossellim ; but there were Tereoos river, the ancient Cydnua, 
bazaar* well stocked, and the inhabitants which once received the stately galleys 
had a general look of business. At the of Cleopatra, is now inaccessible to any 
north-west extremity of the town, they but thesmallest boats; though within side 
found the remains of an ancient gate; the bar, which obstructs the entrance, it 
aad near it a very large, and apparently is deep enough, and about 160 feet wide, 
artificial, mound, with a flat top, from Nothing was seen of the stagnant lake, 
whence they had a view of the adjacent Rhegma, which Strabo describes as be- 
plaiD, and of the river Cydous, which iog the harbour of Tarsus; but it would 
skins the eastern edge of the city. The be very satisfactory to trace the river 
plain presented the appearance of an from the sea to the city, 
immeoae sheet of corn-stubble, dotted The extreme coldness of this celebrated 
with small camps of tents, which are river is said to have occasioned the death 
made of hair cloth, and in which the of Frederick Barbarossa, and to have 
peasantry reside at this season, while the proved nearly falsi to Alexander. We 
harvest is reaping, aad the corn treading found the water undoubtedly cold, but 
out. Our party were assured by an Ar- not more so than that of the other rivers 
menian,with whom they conversed, that which carry down the melted snow of 
all the remains of antiquity had been Mount Taurus ; and we bathed in it # 
destroyed, or converted into modern without feeling any pernicious effects, 
bvildiags, except the theatre, which lay 

™ the rifer, covered with rubbish and • p«aai»»nwsio **? ^5 ** $*££* 

i_ •_ ti •• j j .i_ ^ u paw by whir h C yros, Alexander, and Severns 

bushes. He dissuaded tbem from search* ^ntrrtd dliria. According to Xcnophon 

tag for it* or from staying much longer in (lib. I.) It was only wide enough tn admit a 

the town; allemns: the ferocious disposi- dug* charter, yet it was abandoned to the. 

. Jr V ww *' o luw ,c,w ^" u, » ""T™^ f W0 former conqoerors without resistance. 

Uoo of the people as well as Ot the Mjpr better eodemood its importance; and. 

governor, and appealing to their counte- but for an eatraordiuary accident, he woaM 

-.«_ f-n* «1> A Jili „ri5. s-— Uierehave effectually stopped the victorious 

nances tortile truth ot his assertion. career of the Emperor Seterus.—HerodiasL 

They learned also that, about twenty lib. IU. Cartius, lib. Hi. 


rancii ahecdotbs. of this Number. There was no illusion 

IT is impossible to conceive that any in it, all was real ; yet in him tbe horror 
sternal suturing arising from fear of a supernatural enemy superseded all 
could exceed that experienced by the dread of a mortal assassin, which his 
traveller whose adventure k the subject midnight intruder might have been sup* 

Digitized by 


484 Cornuc*pia-+Ffe*ck Anec d e to* > Honsiti*r de Conange. [tefct 

fosud to btvb proved. Mdtitfoar de *ete* Tb* hmb* *>f* the fMtg» wm 
Conaags, on a wandering excumion therefore immediately sent for, and it 
which he frat making with a friend the meantime ttofttRffciAftl tbennvd- 
through one of Che French provinces, fer from the grasp of the man* Whew 
found it necessary one night to take re* tand bed in death closed on his throat 
luge from a storm, in as inn which had with a force which rendered it difforit 
Jittleelseto recommead it but that the tounekHieh* White perfartftlngtkii the? 
host was well known to Monsieur de happily ascertained -that the spark of tift 
Conange. This man had all the inch na- still faintly glowed io the heart ef At 
4ioo io the world to accommodate the traveller, although wholly fled from tatt 
traTeUera to their sata&etion, but unfor- of bis assaulter. The operation of btetd- 
tunataly be possessed not the power, ing, which the barber now arrived tt 
The situation was desolate, and the few perform, gave that spark flew vigour 1 , 
chambers the house contained wore at- and he was shortly pnt to bed cut of 
ready occupied by other travellers. Them danger, and left to all that could new be 
remained unengaged only a single par- of service to him— *epose% 
Jour on the ground floor, with a closet Monsieur de Conange then feH him* 
adjoining, with which, inconvenient as self at liberty to satisfy his curiosity ia 
they were, Monsieur de Conange and his developing the cause of this strange ad* 
friend were obliged to contest themselves, venture, which was quickly effected bt 
The closet was prepared with a very un*- his host This man informed him thstt 
inviting bed for the latter, while they the deceased was his groom, who bad 
•upped together in the parlour, where ft within a few days exhibited such stroag 
Was decided Monsieur de Conange was proofs of mental deraogemettt as to ren* 
to sleep. As they purposed departing der it absolutely necessary to nse coer* 
very early in the morning, they soon retir- ©ire measures to prevent his either doiafc 
<ed to their separate beds and era long fell mischief to himself or others, snd thft 
into a profound sleep. Short, however, he had in consequents been coftfifttd 
had been Monsieur de Conange^ repose, and chained in the staWes— bat that it 
when he was disturbed by the voice of was evident his fetters bad proved too 
bis fellow traveller crying out that some- weak to resist the strength of 4ren*y, t»d 
thing was strangling him. Though he that in liberating himself he had peswl 
heard his friend speak to him, he could through a little door, imprudently 1st 
oot for some time sufficiently rouse htm- unlocked, which led from the saddfe 
self from his drowsiness, to awaken to a room into the closet in Which tile* tratot> 
full sense of the words bis friend had ut» ter slept, and had entered k to die with 
tered. That it was in a voice of distress such frightful effects on bts bed. 
*be now perfectly understood, and he When in the courser of a few day* 
called anxiously to inquire what was the Monsieur de Conange** friend was abfe 
matter — no ansn-er was returned, no to converse, he acknowledged that net* 
sound was heard, all was still as death, in his life had he suffered so Much, and 
Now seriously alarmed, Monsieur de that be was confident had he not fainted, 
Conange threw himself out of bed, and madness must have been the donse- 
taking up his candle, proceeded to the quence of a prolonged state of terror, 
closet. What was his horror and aston- - ^ 

Sshment when be beheld lib friend lying In the year 1807 a frigate was bm& 
senseless beneath the strangling grasp of at Bourdeaux. It was related at the 
a dead man, loaded with chains. The time, and confidently believed, that some 
cries of distress which this dreadful sight English Naval Officers had come is 
called forth soon {nought the host to his disguise to Bourdeaux, to reconnoitre 
assistance, whose fear and astonishment this vessel without being discovered, and 
acquitted him of being in any way a A that they left- behind them a letter direct- 
actor in the tragic scene before them, ed to the master shipwright under whose 
It was however a more pressing duty to direction it was built, saying that t|* 
endeavour at recovering the senseless frigate was a very fine one, and desiritfg 
traveller than to unravel the mysterious him to get it ready for sea as soon » 
event which had reduced him to that possible, btannc tha Engiuk wtrt 4s 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

30 Cmtucopia.-.Tfo Old S#§ci^W* Jfaipkm, £^ XFtL Ufe 

vmUtfiL ft was in fact taken 3 yea* would any t « I am w* pleased with 

aJftaroard* at the momb oftbe river, myaatf to-day ; I have not done any 

i« y ■ thinyfef.immiii ; I b*?aa»t earned hair 

xtJMBBB op known vegetables, inocnhigkisa." When the royal family 

The number of plants yet known, waa compelled hv the unworthy populace 
amoosts, according to the calculation of to remote to Pans, the prince still retain - 
Baron ton Humbolt, to 44,000, of which ed this innocent propensity. A piece of 
6000 are agamous, that is* plants which ground was reserved foe him in the gar* 
hate no sexual organs, such as champig- den of the Tuileries, where he amused 
nous, lichens, &c Of the remainder himself every morning and tended hi* 
there are found flowers, but uot without an escort of tht 

In Europe 7,000 national guards. Many persona in Pa- 
in the temperate regions of Asia .1,500 ris yet remember to have seen this fine* 
InEquiuoctial Asia and the ad-> a^qq c ^ s P ort >"W about there with all tb»» 

jacent islands .... J ^ naiwU of his tender years. 

In Africa 3,000 On one of. the queen's birthday s,Loui5 

In the temperate regions of > * ^^ XVX told bis son that he ought that 

America in both hemispheres y * morning to gather the very finest nosegay 
In Equinoctial America . . . 13,000 he could, and present it to bis mother 
InNewHolland and the islands) 6,000 with a little compliment The Dauphin. 

of the Pacific Ocean . . J « — after considering a moment, replied : — 

38,000 " Papa, I have in my garden an immor- 
m telle (everlasting flower). This shall, be 

A. M. Jeantet, musical instrument- aU my nosegay and my compliment. I 
maker at Lyons, has made some im- will present* to her and say : 'Mamma* 
provements on the bassoon, which be I wish that you may belike this fjowor P* 
announces as having carried that instru- After the flight and return of the royal* 
raeot to such perfection, as to recommend family from Varennea, when the Abbi 
it to supersede in Uz chants tTEglise, the Deyaux, his tutor, was about to resume. 
Old Serpent, heretofore so important bis instructions, he began his first lesson 
in the Church ! by reminding bis pupil that be had brok- 

■ en off in his grammatical studies at the 

An Irish Gentleman, not very cele- degrees of comparison, but, added he, 
brated for correctness in pecuniary "You must have forgotten all this I sup- . 
matters, was pressing a friend to lend pose*" — ** Oh no, you are mistaken," re- 
him a sam of money on bis bill. " But joined the Dauphin ; "only hear if I 
if I advance this will you repay me have. Tbepo«#ireis when I say: My 

punctually," said his friend : " By Abbe is a good Abbe — the comparative 

I will, with the expense of the Protest when I say: My Abbe is better than 
and all ! ! w aoothor Abbe — and the superlative" he 

— continued, fixing his eyes on the queen, . 

THE dauphin ( louis xvii.) •• is when I say : My mamma is the 

A biography of the last Dauphin of kindest and beat of all main mas." 
France, by M. Eckard, just published — 

with the title of Me/noire* historiyuea sur Aa author in La Correspondondc 
Louis XVIt. contains some interesting Champenrisc* a new publication of con- 
trails of that unfortunate prince. siderahle humour and merit, published 

So early as his fifth year, this promjs- at Paris, has the following anecdote in 
iog child took great delight in gardening; .the seventh letter ; which, though not 
and a small plot of ground was laid out .entirely new, is little known, there having 
for him in the park at Versailles* Hiih- been strong reasons against its circulation 
or he repaired every morning and gather- at the time. 

ed flowers for a bouquet, which he laid " On the day on which the coronation 
upon the queen's toilet before she rose of Buonaparte tojok place, a balloon with 
from bed. When the weather prevent-* an immense crown was committed to the 
ed him from paying his usual tribute, he air; the crown descended at Home, and 

Digitized by 


19ft • Original Letters from a Father to hi* Son. {you % 

fcU precisely upon the tomb of Nero, alt powWe precaution— > Well,* said le, 
where it was shivered to pieces. This after* moment's reflection, •itisbettw 
circumstance was tokl to Bonaparte with that it should (all thaw than in the dxrtP" 


From the lupopeu MagMiat. 

lbttsr tv. earlier employ, he did not throv away 

Mrtoriw, m empty and fruitless amusements. Had 

IT was said of one of the wisest and it been said of this great ornament ofhii 
best men this country ever knew, country, that, when a young man, " his 
that " Study was his amusement."— amusements were his study," thebon* 
This man was Lord Chief Justice Hale, ourable mention of his maturer years 
He was a person of infinite persever- would never have been heard of ; for, I 
ance, and laborious attention, in the am sure, you will allow, that nothing caa 

Grformance of his professional duties, be a clearer indication of a frivolous db- 
e felt the pledge he had made to his position, than an anxious desire to con- 
country as the most imperative call upon form every pursuit of professional busi- 
his exertions, and he had no personal ness or official employ, to the" amusive 
reservation whatever to consult The recreations of a passing hour. It is not 
business of his official pursuits left him only a profligate abuse of the present, 
but little leisure at his disposal, and that but a heedless surrender of all power to 
little he applied to the acquirements of seize the better opportunities ofthefc . 
bis younger days, and to writing many ture. A man who, in his youth, bai 
of those learned and useful books, for laid up a tolerable store of primary 
which the world is greatly bis debtor, knowledge, and has taken, care to retain 
In his lordship's instance we have a it in bis possession, by making it the 
strong evidence of that satisfaction with subject of his contemplation at every 
which the mind, when matured in its season of remission from the graver con- 
judgment, retires from its severer toils of cerns of business, will find that be bas 
occupation, to the studies of its earlier reserved for himself the most pleasing 
progress ; and this is universally proved source of recreation, when he shall have 
to be the case with men of mind,-»— by made a greater advance into life, 
which expression I mean men Of intel- But, perhaps, you will tell me, I bare 
lectual reflection, who appreciate, as they forgotten that you are not yet arrived at 
onght, the opportunities which they en- that period, when a man has no longer 
joy of making themselves serviceable to a relish for the common amusements ot 
society, not only in public life but in society, and that, in the interim, I am 
retirement also. To such a man we felling into an anachronism, in my ap- 
may naturally conclude, that this mode plication of Lord Hale's example to 
of* recreating the mental powers, must' yourself. I admit, my dear G — , that 
have been productive of much delight- there is something more prospective »n 
ful gratification ; and fur this reason, — it, than what an immediate application 
in his public capacity he was called upon of it may seem, at first view, to require ; 
to think for others ; in his season of re- but, if it should please God, that yon 
ptirement he enjoyed the privilege of rise to' eminence in the path which y(V« 
thinking for himself ; and then it was have chosen for yourself, you will find 
that he experienced the pleasure of con- that the roost delightful recreation which 
templating the effects ot his youthful in- you will then enjoy, will be to go back 
dustry, which had put him in possession to the studies of your youth, and to bold 
of the most pleasing resources for every converse with those authors who formed 
leisure moment that he might be able to your classical taste, and who gave op 
command. But we must, at the same their valuable treasures of refined ac- 
time, infer, that the time which he was quirement to your early application, 
able to appropriate to himself, when en- And as, from the nature of your situa- 
faged in fulfilling the obligations of his tion, progress towards eminence must* 

Digitized by 


tout.] Leton from a Fatter to his Shru 137 

oi stfosssity, be alow, it is more than cy on your part, in permitting them 10 
probable, that by the time you retch it, be so ; for I would anxiously hope, my 
your appetite for those amusements, to dear son, that, in this portrait, not a sin- 
wftich you are now so strongly attached, gie feature of likeness to yourself can be 
will have lost Its zest, and you will be found, or wtfl ever hereafter be recogniz* 
contented Co depend upon yourself for ed in you, by those who have sense 
Ihoee seasons and subjects of recreation, enough to despise the similitude ; and, 
wnkfe the bustle of public entertainments I confess, it is my ambition, that those 
end crowded assemblies, are most eal- alone should be your companions and 
ciliated to disqualify you from enjoying, friends. 

Let me then be allowed to recommend The man of pleasure is the most 
moat earnestly to your serious considers* heartless and most selfish of mankind : 
sjod, the propriety and advantage of I had very nearly said, of all God's crea- 
making the first source of recreation, tures ; but I corrected myself, for God 
that which your classical studies abun- never created a man of pleasure : he is 
dandy bestow, and have always ready a creature of preternatural conception 
to your hand. and monstrous birth, begotten by the in- 

By such a pian you will, at all events, cubus Folly upon Fashion, and has no* 
secure that satisfaction to which I have thing in common with human kind but 
adverted, the profitable employment of his form. Is he a son .or a brother, is 
your leisure time ; for I really do not he a husband or a father, he disclaims 
snow a rtore desirable profit to be made the social union of filial and domestic 
•f the present, than that of providing relation the instant that the duties of that 
for the future ; and this provision you relation demand a surrender of hiB dis- 
will be assured of, if now, in the young- solute inclinations. Good principles my 
er part of your life, you take care that dear G — , influence the mind, not by 
the knowledge of the gentleman be not any natural or physical force, or neces^ 
lost in the pursuits of the man of plea* sari I y as pleasure or pain affect the body, 
sure. These certainly comprehend but making men attentive to them whether 
s very slight connection with that recre- they will or not ; but in quite a differ- 
atoon which you may wish to obtain, ent manner, and for their agency depend 
both for your mind and body ; not upon the permission of the will, the con- 
that I would be understood as urging an sent of the heart, and the governing in- 
ascetic rejection of what are termed the clinations and passions. But can such 
pleasurable amusements of society. By an improvement and management of 
no means : for it is not only a social principles ever be expected from a man 
eoocession, but a physical fact, that the of pleasure ? whose will and heart and 
Bond cannot be profitably kept upon an passions are the debasing agents of his 
unbending stretch of application, either cjegeneracy ? He studiously flies from 
to business or study ; yet I would have all impressions of such principles — he is 
it , ■ pl eas ure, which, really yields amuse- .uneasy whenever by chance they steal 
snooty— and amusement, which produces or force themselves into his mind, and 
something profitable, both in enjoyment always feels their visits unseasonable and 
end reflection. impertinent. — His powers of existence 

A young man, who is a man of plea- are consumed between the sloth of the 
sure by choice, and a man of business sluggard and the activity of a demon. 4 
only from necessity, is one who can Sensuality is his system, and seduction 
sever be respected by the wise, nor es- his study — the call of his passions, and 
teemed by the industrious ; and his not the dictate of his conscience, is the 
companions can be only the dissolute standard of his conduct ; the luxury of 
said the idle. Let me give you a de- living, and not the rectitude of life, is his 
scription of one of these foolish youths, ruling law. Extravagant profusion. makes 
and request you will apply the portrait up the accounts of the day ; dissipation 
SO some of those who, if they be your and debaucheries fill up the diary of its 
associates, can only become so in conse- events. Time is his bitterest enemy, if 
sjuesceofsn incocisiderrfUfecomplacen- it leaves him to a moments reJUetien* 
U Atsbwecm. Vol. & * 

Digitized by 



LtUersfrom a Father to his Son* 

[vol. 2 

reflection, and therefore bis chief anxie- —No one, not even the fool* of fashion, 
ty is to kill this enemy, by a constant whose vices he imitates ; for they, as 
succession of amusements, follies, and well as this compound of crime and folly, 
vice. He is a fop in his dress, and a feel themselves, by a superior influence 
fool in his talk, the fashion of both is which they cannot resist, compelled to 
bis boast In short, he is a morbid ex- pay homage to the very virtues which 
crescence upon the comfort of the family they ridicule. 

to which he belongs, and carries with The recreation which is alone worthy 
him an infectious atmosphere into what- of a wise and virtuous mind, is that 
ever part of society he curses with his which unbends it without debasing it, 
presence. and which refreshes without diminishing 

Now what is there in this character its vigour. There are many resources 
that you would wish to engraft into your of intellectual amusement that may be 
own ? Is there, indeed a single trait enjoyed in a degree of refined gratifica- 
that you would desire to have blended tion peculiar to a metropolitan residence, 
with your own conduct ? I should hope The libraries and lectures of the Institu- 
not ; and I should flatter myself that tions ; the Exhibitions ; the Literary 
you Would shun such a being as coo temp- Societies of this great depository of the 
tible in himself as he is unworthy of the Arts and Sciences, — all afford to the 
attention or acquaintance of any one mind a continual feast of rational and 
who has a manly sense of what is due to improving entertainment ; and, with 
society and himself. Ask yourself to certain restrictions, I will add to these 
what purpose this disgrace of his kind the theatres. I say with certain restric- 
lives ? To the worst of all purposes, to tions, because I cannot divest this amu- 
thc indulgence of his own vain selfish- sive medium of the pernicious latitude 
ness, and to the idle, unprofitable waste which it gives to the demoralizing cor- 
of life and the means of life. And can ruptionsofthe age ; and a young man 
it be, my son, that you would ever de- who commits himself to such a medium, 
grade yourself so low as to call such a risks the purity of his principles for aa 
man your friend, and suffer him to usurp object of amusement, which conveys but 
an influence over your mind, and induce little instruction unmixed with something 
you to deviate from those proprieties which he neither ought to hear nor see ; 
which your better convictions justify you but I doubt I am treading upon what 
in maintaining ? No, my dear G — , I you consider hallowed ground*, and the 
will stake my best hope of your future names of Shakspeare, Otway, and She* 
progress, that should any one of his per- ridan, will be placed by you in array 
nicious principles have communicated against my observation, which, if yon 
the infection of his manners to your's, do not reject it as a strait-laced objection, 
you will ere long open your eyes, and you will wave perhaps as an unnecessa- 
view him nearer, in all the ugliness of ry apprehension. We shall be able to 
his heart, and deformity of his disposi- judge of this when we discuss the com- 
tion, nor suffer that insipid oscitancy, parative profitableness of the various 
which he calls fashionable ease, to de- sources of recreation which! have al- 
ceive you any longer, into an adoption ready mentioned. For the present, my 
of his independence of sentiment, which dear G — , I shall not presume that to a 
is nothing more than a shameless disre- young man of your sound education it 
gard of all moral and social restraints ; will at all be necessary for me to urge 
or his freedom of speech, which is only any other appeal to your judgment, than 
"the licentiousness of the libertine — that which it will of itself suggest; I 

*' Hie niger est hunc te Romane Caveto" shall therefore content myself with the 
Who, then, can suppose that the in- adventitious service of confirming your 
temperate dissipations of such a man ore good impressions — -fungar vice cotis, but 
the amusements which a prudent youth I shall certainly avoid all reference to 
would adopt, or his libertine habits that Spartan sentiment — " vice to be 
those recreating pursuits which can re- bated needs but to be seen ;" a saying 
novate the mind, or invigorate the frame ? which, like many others that have crept 

Digitized by 


vol. 2.*] Sketch* of Bath, a Poem. 139 

into common acceptation, is to be taken with vice, in order to discover her hide- 
in a more qualified sense than it general- ous propensities, and ruinous influence. 
ly has been contemplated in. As far as With this confidence in your moral for- 
you are concerned in it, I trust you will titude, I cordially assure you that al- 
long continue to be sensible of the ad- though I am your anxious father, I am 
vantage of virtuous associations, and that not the less your assured and affection*- 
under such auspices it will never be re- ate friend W. 
qutsite for you to claim an intimacy, Aug. 1817. 


nftTATioifB or hobace; aicd other poems, by q: in the cobweb. 

tram UttLteraty Gazette. 

SINCE the publication of the Bath ther write that we may know there are 
Guide, Bath has become a sort of other parts of the world, then those 
nursery for light and humorous poetry, which to us are known : and this story 
To this class belongs the present work, I should not have believed, if it wire not 
which appears to be that of a young testified by so many and so credible wit- 
writer destitute of neither humour nor nesses as it is." 
talent, but in some parts rather crudely tararoo 
put forth, and not sufficiently attendant 

upon the celebrated rule of the Roman <* ! **J* J* 8 P irite of wooder ! who 

bard, who supplies the subjects for sever- Id realms of Romance where none ventured 

al imitations : before ; 

M , , Ye Fairies ! who govern the fancies of men, 

Nooumque prematar in annum. ^ ^ on ^ ^ ■ of Mook ^^ ^ | 

We do not think so much of the imi- Ye mysterious Elves ! who for ever remain 
tations of Horace. To be only endur- With Lusus Natures, and Ghosts of Cock- 
ed, pieces ofthis kind must now be ex- mo ridc ^ broo ^ rk8 , inten t to deceive 
quisite ; these are but mediocre. A „ those ^ preditpoied i0 believe, 

The other poems display fancy and A||d wMy repeat from y<mr home in the 
an ea*y vein of writing, though not of spheres 

the highest order. We select one of Incredible stories to credulous ears ; 
them as a specimen, and as worthy of pre- With every thing marvellous, every thing new, 
serving, from its familiar description of We'll trace a description of Miss Cakaboo. 
an imposition which attracted much pub- Johanna's disciples, who piously came 
lie attention. It may perhaps be allow- To P™ 1 * ^M** ca P 8 to the clder1 y ** me * 
ed us to preface « Caraboo" with an ex- Thoo « h ^g* of thc * u * l,|,i ■w«"* h *- enl 
tract from Baker's Chronicle of the Shall meet with the smile of derision no more; 
Reign of King Stephen, which is curious Thar wonders were weak, their credulity 
in itself and genres to shew that, after ^^^^i h, nothingat all ! 
all, we do not far excel our rudest an- A rf w fc redi ;Xcomef,om?--*D« whecan 
cestors in the novelty or cunning of our she be ? 

i mpostures. Did she fall from the sky ? — did she rise from 

** In this King's time also, there ap- the sea? 

peared two children, a boy and a girl, A seraph of day, or a shadow of night ? 
clad in green, in a stuffe unknown? of Did she sprln^npon earth in a stream of gu* 
a strange language, and of a strange diet ; Did ghe ride on the back of a fish, or tea-dog? 
whereof the boy being baptized, dyed a spirit of health, or a devil tnco^. ? 
shortly after, but the girl lived to be Was she wafted hy winds over mountain and 
very old ; and being asked from whence _ . stream ? ,,._.. . e 
they were, she answered, They were of Wa.^Jj^etooarhleby the Impulse of 
the Land of St. Martyn. where there are Was she found in complete " fascination*' 
Christian Churches erected ; but that uo QtiiKtt %%i t firlt toa d,^ ,ute > 
Sun did ever rise unto them: but where DW ^ hiloto hic „»,,,„ diaw 
that land is, and how she came hither, Hw compQOent defiw , froa wme uatuu*" 
•he herself knew not. This I the au- spa! <f the 


140 Recent Sketckettf Swiss Scenery. [tout 

pW«^ehmicalpn>c^ocrs^ns*rWrtb? l<ma*nt ******* t**i *b)*e*sssw* 

Did galvanic experiments bring ber on earth ? round ber hair * 

If the new ? is ibe old ? is the false ? is she And of black worsted stockings an elegant 

tree? pair; ___„___ 

Come read me the riddle of Miss Caeaboo. Hergownww«ac*j<i|f,aada^f««dswsBMa» 

Astronomers sage may exhibit her soon, if b« r tftSy contains as much stomas ber dKss. 

A daughter-in-law to the man in the mooa j Of the famed Indian Jugglers we all most 

Or declare that her visit accounts for the rain bave heard, 

Which happen'd last year, and may happen Who to gain a substance wool* swajlaw a 

lliatdar^a P n«rl«tbeconmeri»e ^mJJg^mn^mmtfOm 

J^peri^witbtbes^onthe.n, ^2?^ 

Thatsbe^l>eco«iB^^ ^^^Z^eT^^ 

AndmMmAoymortpoesiblethingsasyou please. After seeing her person bavebam'o'tobc- 

Inwhat band does she write-in what ^wen tboJTsrbo have doubted the tratb of bet 

tongue does she speak ? case 

Is it Arabic, Persic, Egyptian, or Greek r Ba* e forgotten their doubts when they Iaofc'4, 

Saeimstfbea*^****; lady indeed, Z^I^Zr* bnilf when l«e. 

To write an epistle which no man can read t Zf tT r'*! t * n . ' hnt lf ' When l "* 

Though we have some publishing scribes I The truth of her tale ta apparent to me, 

couldname, ° UiB,I, * 8CrtDC91 I will «o^^ lin^ aod mo»t gie-lly re- 

Whose letters will meet with a fete much the Her tw*m£il£iu>d fencing io tatft/t* verse * 

«, A . In the graces and ch.arms of my muse to adorn 

She then wore no ear-rings, though still may her, 

be seen Shall be the employment of 

Tne boles in her ears, where her ear-rings bad Q* IW TH * CORNBR. 

"*"* S«ia,JiosslO^,l«l7. 


Mortigny ; SejpL 17, 1816. I pictured to myself the army transport- 
The Valley of Triant. >ng lta ww^^f — its cannon, caissons, 

I ADDRESS you, my dear madam, forges, &c. dismounted and conveyed 
from the Octodurum of the Romans, piece-meal to the mountain-summit ; 
Here the roads from the upper Valais, toe massive artillery-pieces removed 
the Pays de Vaud, the valley of Cha- fr° m their carriage and bedded in the 
mouny, and the great St Bernard, unite: trunks of trees, hollowed for that pur- 
here it was that, in the spring of the year P * 8 * ^ dragged through ice and snow 
1800, Bonaparte remained during stme Dv companies of one hundred men, each 
days, while the French army defiled be- company yoked to ropes for that pur- 
fore him to past the St Bernard ; and P 086 ; the rest of the army bearing the 
it was from this place that he addressed arms » provisions, &c. every individual 
the subjoined lines to his brother filing a burden of seventy or eighty 
Lucien : — pounds. But what will not the thirst of 

"Mty lSi *t ntgkt. glory accomplish, whether that feeling 

"lam at the foot of the great Alps, in "* Kindled by the legitimate love off 
the midst of the Valais. The great St liberty, or the unlicensed passion of 
Bernard presented many obstacles, but conquest ? Perhaps a snore splendid 
they have been surmounted. A third of display of talent, of physical energy, and 
the artillery is in Italy : the army is de- unbounded enthusiasm, was never wit- 
scending by forced marches, Berthieris nested ! Marmont, Lasnes, Berthier, 
in Piedmont In a few days all will be anc * Murat, were the springs that put 
over." that vast body in action, which, like a 

How much is the interest attending torrent, swept the plains of Piedmont, 
great events increased when we visit the and *& three weeb decided the fate of 
^«wl*eroth*y taweonce had being! Iffy 

Digitized by 


WU %j Sketch** e/ Swiss Sanery. 141 

The only town which lies between which occasioned the appearance of m 
Martigny and the base of the mountain, many English in the VaJais. I coeJi 
ia St Pierre. The road leading to it is with difficulty persuade them that they 
pleasantly shaded by cheanut, pear, and were ia error ; that a continental war of 
other fruit tsees : beyond it, the country twenty-five years had p r e s e nt e d a rising 
ia richly ornamented with trees, copses, generation, of very many thousands, 
and meadows, whose uniformity of ver- from gratifying idle curiosity, or of 
elure is oceasiaaaJly broken by isolated allaying the unquenchable thirst which 
piece* of rock : through these, bows the Uexcited by the acquisition ofknowledge. 
rapid Draoce. As we continued to ascend, we sate 

At a short distance beyond St. Pierre on the right of the path-way an oratory ; 
the road separates, the left branching off it was, 1 better*, the first which we hae) 
towards the great St. Bernard, and that seen. We examined its interior, and 
to the right towards Triant and the Col read an inscription inviting any persons, 
do Balme. devotees or criminals, (for extremes 

We soon began to ascend the moon- meet, it is said, — add this inscription 
tain by a rugged footway, the steepness confirms the adage, since it promises aft 
of which continued to increase, until our equal pririlege,) to repeat a certain 
hitherto moderate exercise was succeed- number of Ave-nuxriasandPaUr-noMtortt 
ad by extreme difficulty and such exer- bo matter how rapidly or in what frame 
tten as put our passion for mountain- of mind. For doing this, they are to 
scenery to the test The frequent jagged enjoy a certain number of days of in* 
projection of rock, the loose stones which dulgence ; in other words, they are in* 
for ever turned under our feet, and re- vited to take out a license, as it were* 
tarded our progress, and the oppressive for the commission of crime— *mhrabilt 
heat of the sun, whose rays lay on the dictu — with impunity i for I have al- 
mouatain side, at length exhausted us, ways understood that an '' indulgence" 
and we quitted the path, from time to meant a dispensation from the whole* 
time, to drop on the rich verdure which some discipline of good sense, and the 
clothed the mountain side: sometimes exercise of self-coutrouL. It may be 
we stretched ourselves beneath the shade presumed, that Nature prevails over too 
of a luxuriantly spreading beech, at other folly and insanity of the priests, for I da 
times by the side of a staeam, whose rip- not find that the Valaisaos are cruel or 
pting had long cheered our labour and dishonest, or revengeful, or avaricious, 
invited us to approach it, and whose de* or incontinent ; in short, they do not 
lieious coolness now allayed our thirst avail themselves of this worse-than-eeoae* 
The peasantry of the mountain and of lees invitation. Patience only is to be 
the vaUey of Triant, 'towards which our exercised in obtaining this grant : the 
course was directed, frequently overtook church of Rome had not always been so 
and passed us: daily habit had so farauV disinterested in the distribution of "in* 
iarised these sturdy mountaineers, men dulgences." 

and women, to the route which we were We continued to ascend until wo 
travelling, that our unpractised exertions, approached the Col de ia Forolaa, 
afforded them some Iktle amusement: which is about 4s70Ofeet above the level 
they needed not that enthusiasm which of the sea: here the prevailing trees ar* 
animated us, and without which we fir and beech. We paused at this spot 
Should have retraced our steps and return* to survey the seeuery j it was ahneet 
ed to the valley. „ Our conversation led eveniog. The difficulty of the ascent 
to some focal and personal information, had so retanded our progress, that wo 
we sought acquaintance with them ; were four hours in walking, perhaps* 
that which interested them led to the nine miles. The partial view of the 
development of their characters, and our valley of the Pennine Alps, from thin 
object was obtained. Among other place, and of the Rhone, flowing 
subjects, we were informed, that a revo- through it, is superb. Many towns and 
lotion in England bad caused eraigra- villages are seen ; but Sion, in cease* 
ttpns from that country to an amazing quence of the comparative magnitude* 
•stent; and that this was the cause of its buildings, although one of the 

Digitized by UOOQ IC 

14$ Sketches of Swiss Scenery. [vol. 2 

most distant, w yet the most remarkable, foaming from rock to rock: this spot is 
The Rhone can oo-wbere be viewed to called the T6te Noir. Above the chasm, 
so much advantage ; but the serpentine and on a fearful eminence, is the route 
course of this majestic stream, so grati- to Chamouny, which is more circuitous 
lying to the eye, is to be deplored, for it than that by the Col de Balme. 
has rendered a considerable part of this To the east the valley is terminated 
magnificent valley marshy, and incapable by a glacier, which, Bourrit says, no one 
of vegetation. has yet ventured to cross. From this 

A tew paces brought us to a precipice, flows the torrent of Triant, and during 
commanding a view of the valley of the whole of its course it continues to 
Triant, which lay, perhaps, six hundred struggle through a bed of broken gra- 
fcet below us ; and the effect which the nite, which lies sometimes in pieces, 
sudden view of the extraordinary scene sometimes in large masses, throughout 
beneath us produced, can never be for- the valley. We attempted to approach 
gotten. And now, while I recall each the glacier, and this was the first occa- 
object which I there saw, and endea- sion which I found to notice, in a par- 
vour to place k before your eyes, 1 feel ticular manner, the deceptive appear- 
that my efforts are hopeless: my ima- ance of mountain scenery, occasioned 
gination calls, as it were, into existence, by the magnitude of objects, and of the 
colors and combinations which the pencil pure atmosphere through which they are 
cannot command : and I am consoled beheld. You remember, no doubt, St 
only by the hope that my attempts may Preux's short banishment to the Vaiais ; 
generate a wish to behold chasms which and, perhaps, already recall an apposite 
language cannot picture, or, at most, passage, descriptive of that to which I 
reveal so partially, as to excite, rather have just alluded. " Ajoutez? be says 
than to subdue, curiosity. after describing the fecundity of nature 

About the middle of the valley, which in the valley of the Rhone, " Its illusions 
is, perhaps, a quarter of a mile in width, de Voptique, les pointes des monis dijje* 
lies the half-civilized village of Triant; remmtnt eclair ees f It daxr-obswr du soleU 
the residences are huts, consisting of et des ombres, et torn les accidents de &*- 
one or two rooms, constructed entirely mikre qui en rSsultoient It matin et k 
of wood, even their roofs; of these, some sotr, et votes aurez quelque idSe des 
are not fastened, but are secured from scenes? #c. " La 'perspective des monts 
the effect* of high wind by the pressure Slant verticale frappe les yeux tout-d-la 
of large stones. In this manner are the fois" Sfc. It appeared to us, as we ad- 
chalets constructed, which are mere vanced towards the glacier, that we 
hovels, affording shelter to herdsmen, could approach it in a few minutes, but 
and are formed only on the tops of those twilight surprized us with its presence, 
mountains which yield pasture. while the interesting object before us 

- Triant valley is accessible only to appeared almost as distant as when we 
foot-passengers, or those who travel on quitted the village. Mortified and dis- 
mules; so sudden and precipitous was appointed, we returned to the only place 
the descent, that it lay beneath us like where travellers are accommodated : it 
a map. The village is not divided by a is the residence of Mad. Suzanne, the 
centre way, and the huts have been ancestors of whose husband have been 
erected with the utmost irregularity, the residence of Triant time out of 
Pathways lead from dwelling to dwell- mind : so say the oral traditions of the 
mg, and each hut has its little field, or valley. 

plantation of oats, or other grain : or, The village had been laid under con- 
perhaps, it yields a scanty supply of the tribution on our arrival, and six eggs 
nftoet hardy plants of common and do- were all that could be procured. Those 
mestic use. who purpose remaining in the valley 

At the western extremity, the valley during the night, would do well to take 
is apparently closed by masses of black provisions with them. 
»ock ; they form a chasm, at the bottom Our guides informed us, that, to this 
•f which flows the Triant, dashing and sequestered and savage valley, a part of 

Digitized by 


vou 2/J Address to J. P. Kembk> the Tngcdian. 143 

the famishing Austrian army, in the year guides to awake us some time before 
1815, directed its steps: like an army day-break, as we were anxious to see 
of locusts, they swept this hospitable the sun rise from the Col de Balroe ; 
region of every species of nutriment they chose rather to deceive us, and 
congenial to man ; aay, famine had al- brave our anger, than to risk self-re- 
roost wrought a change even in their proach by endangering our lives, and 
organization, for the poor wretches were the day was ^dawning before we rose 
seen to devour wild herbs and roots. from our beds. T. H. 

On retiring to rest, we desired our 


From the Hew Monthly Mapiine. 

COVENT GARDEN THEATRE, jvnb 2. the characters of Shakapeare and our 

THE copy of the address on white other dramatic writers, you were not 
satin and the crown of laurel were contented to revive an outward show of 
delivered to the celebrated French trage- their greatness alone : — the splendour of 
dian Mr. Talma, in the orchestra, with a an antique costume — the helmet and 
request that he would fling them upon armour— the crown and sceptre — all that, 
the stage. This was done, and Mr. Faw- pertains to the insignia of command ace 
cett the stage manager was summoned easily assumed. When you appeared 
to present them to Mr. Kemble. As an the habit and the man were as soul and 
additional mark of honour to the vaulted body. The age and country in which 
favorite, the audience forbade any after- we live were forgotten. Time rolled 
piece: and the performance of the night back a long succession of centuries. 
was closed in compliance with their The grave gave up its illustrious dead, 
wishes. Cities and nations, long passed away. 

Here follows a correct copy of the re-appeared ; and the elder brothers of 

address printed on the satin scroll, which renown, the heroes and statesmen, the 

is from the energetic pen of Mr. Wil- sages and monarchs of other years, girt 

uam Carbt :— in the brightness of their shadowy glory, 

to lived and loved, and fought, and' bled 

JOHN PHILIP KEMBLE, ESQ. before us. We beheld in you, not only 

or tbb their varying looks and gestures, their 

tbkatbjb royal, covent «ard EN. proud march and grandeurof demeanour ; 

Sir,— After having so long received but the elevated tone of their mind and 
from the display of your eminent abilities, the flame of their passion's. We mean 
the greatest degree of gratification and not here to enumerate the various cbarac- 
instruction, which the highest class of ters in which you have shone as the 
histrionic representation could bestow, light of your era : but we may be allowed 
we think upon the near approach of your to say that you excelled in that which teas 
intended farewell to the stage with senti- most excellent ; that, wherever the gran* 
saents of deep concern, and if possible, deur of an exalted mind was united 
an increase of respect. In justice to the with majesty of person; wherever the 
interests of the drama and to our own noblest organ was required for the noblest 
feelings we would fain postpone the expression ; wherever nature, holding 
moment of a separation Bopainfu). Fitted up tin? mould of character, called for an 
by the endowments of -nature and by impression from the most precious of 
classical acquirements, by high associa- metals, there she looked to Kbmblb a* 
lion and the honourable ambition of ex- her gold ; there you shone with pre- 
'ceJlence, you have for upwards of thirty eminent lustre. In the austere dignity 
years dignified the profession of an- actor oft Cato, the stern patriotism of Brutus, 
by your private conduct and public ex- the fiery bearing of Corit>lanus, and the 
ertioos in the British capital. We be- mad intoxication ot Alexander, yo« 
held, in your personification the spirit of transported your audience in imagination 
feittory and poetry united In embodying alternately to Greece, Home, or Babylou. 

Digitized by 


144 Vari*k$: Critical, % c. [vol.* 

Seoowledby tl»W^p«Mitedilla»kmt>f already so deservedly acquired, tod * 
local scenery, yon seemed everywhere sure pledge of the future honours which 
ui your native city; every whet* coo- await the close of their professional 
temporary with the august edifices of the career. We, therefore, earnestly entreat 
ancient world. In yoe some of those that you will not at once deprive the 
great characters tired, and we cannot public of their gratification, and the stage 
conceal our apprehensions, that when of your support We entreat you not to 
you withdraw, we shall lose sight of take your final leave on the night named 
them for a long time, and as life is short, (br yoer last performance. Alt we ask 
perhaps for ever. In expressing this is, that you will consent to perform a 
sentiment we feel a warm respect for few nights each season so long as you? 
evero actor of genius. A mind tike health will permit We adjure you to 
yours would be wounded by any com* grant this request, by your own fame— 
phment that was not founded in the an object which is not more dear to you 
most liberal sense of general desert It is than it is to us, and we confidently rely 
an additional merit in you to have ob- upon yoer respect for public opinion 
tatned distinction in an age of refinement, that you. will not cover us with the 
and from a public qualified to appreciate regret of a refusal. We have spared die 
yoer powers. A smaH light shines in annexation of signatures as inadequate 
darkness; bet you hove flourished amidst and unnecessary, even if our numbers 
a eirele of generous competitors for fame, and restricted limits permitted that form, 
whose various abilities we admire ; and The pealing applause of the audience, 
in whose well-earned applause we proudly each night of your performance, and the 
join. They behold in the nonpars which united voice which accompanies this, are 
your country pays to you, the perroa- the best attestation of the public senti- 
oence of that celebrity which they have, ment 



vrattoiittmr owtc*. are attended by others called scouts, of 

ETON MONTEM. a similar, but less showy appearance. 

lljTE now proceed to the first Tour Tickets are given to such persons as 

▼ v through the Environs of Windsor, have paid their contributions, to secure 

which commences with a description of them from any further demand. This 

Eton College, and the ancient custom, ceremony is always very numerously 

observed every third year on Whit-Tues- attended by Etonians, and has frequently 

day, bearing the title of Montem, the been honoured by the presence of his 

original institution of which appears to Majesty and <he different^ branches of 

have hitherto defied antiquarian research, the Royal Family. The sum collected 

44 It consists of a procession to a small on the occasion has sometimes exceeded 

tumulus on the southern side of the Bath 8001., and is given to the senior scholar* 

road, which has given the name of Salt who is called captain of the school. Thia 

Bill to the spot, now better known by procession appears to be coeval with 

the splendid inns that are established the foundation, and it is the opinion of 

there. The chief object of this ceJebra- Mr. Lysons, who is the latest writer on 

tion, however, is to collect money for this subject, and whose industry in 

sail, according to the language of the collecting, as well as judgment in decide 

day* from all persons who assembled to ing on, matters of this character, are 

see the show, nor does it fail to be ex- beyond all challenge, that it was a cese* 

acted from travellers on the road, and monial of the Bairn, or Boy Bishop* 

even at the private residences within a He states, from information which h# 

certain, but no inconsiderable, range of bad received, that it originally took ptac* 

the spot. The scholars appointed to on the 6th of December, the festival of 

collect the money are called salt-bearers; St Nicholas, the patron of children; 

they are arrayed in fancy dresses, and bein£the day on which it was oostomss* 

Digitized by 


**** *] Eton, Montenir-Tea. U& 

1ft Salisbury, and in other places where Ensign, and carried the colours, which 
t!>e ceremony was observed, to elect the were emblazoned with the college arms. 
Boy Bishop from ambrtg the children and the motto Pro More et Monte. This 
belonging to the cathedral ; which mock- flag, before the procession left the college, 
ffigtirty lasted till Innocent's t>ay, and he flourished in the school-yard with 
duting the intermediate time the boy great dexterity, as displayed sometimes 
performed various episcopal functions ; at Astley's and places of similar exhi- 
and if it happened that he died before bitions. The same ceremony was re- 
ttie allotted period of this extraordinary peated after prayers on the mount. The 
mummery bad expired, he was buried whole regiment dined in the inns at Salt 
T*ith all the ceremonials which were Hill, and then returned to the college. 
tosed at the funeral of a bishop. In the and its dismission in the school-yard 
Volummous collections relating to an- was announced by the universal drawing 
tkjaitiea, bequeathed by Mr. Cole, who bf all the sword. Those who bore the 
Wa* himself of Eton and King's College, title, bf commissioned officers were ex- 
te the British Museum, is a nbte which clusively on the foundation, and carried 
flbebtione that the ceremony of the Bairn, spontoons ; the rest were considered as 
Jr the Boy Bishop, was to be observed Serjeants and corporals, and a most curU 
by charter; and that Jeflery Blythe, ous assemblage of figures it exhibited, 
Bfebop of Lichfield, who died iti 1530, The two principal salt-bearers consisted 
bequeathed several ornaments to those of an oppidan and a colleger; the former 
colleges, for the dress of the Bairn-Bishop, was generally some nobleman, whose 
But on what authority this industrious figure and personal connections might 
antiquary gives the information, which, advance the interests of the collection. 
If correct, Would put an end to all doubts They were dressed like running footmen, 
on the subject, does not appear. and carried each of them a silk bag to 

44 Till the time of Doctor Barnard, the receive the contributions, in which was 
procession of the Montem was every a small ouadtity of salt During Doctor 
two years, and on the first or second Barnard s mastership the ceremony was 
Tuesday in February. It consisted of made triennial ; the time changed from 
something of a military array. The boys February to Whit-Tuesday, and several 
in the Remove, fonrth and inferior forms, of its absurdities retrenched. An ancient 
Marched in a long file of two and two, and savage custom of hunting a ram by 
with white poles in their hands, while the foundation scholars, on Saturday in 
the sixth and filth form boys walked on the election week, was abolished in the 
their flanks as officers, and habited in all earlier part of the last century. The 
tie variety of dress which Monmouth- curious twisted clubs, with which these 
Hrett could furnish, e~.?h of them having collegiate hunters were armed on the 
a boy of the inferior forms, smartly occasion, are still to be seen in antiquarian 
dressed, attending upon him as a footman, collections." 
The second boy in the school led the » 

procession in a military dres*, With a f,om ,be *«*>*>jr M«*««re, 

truncheon in his hand, and bore for the New Voh/me of D* Israelis Curiosities 
day the title of Marshall ; then followed °/ Literature* 
*ie Captain, supported by hrs Chaplain, t£a. 

the head scholar of the fifth form, dressed ^* ne ^^ introduction of tea into Eu-« 
toi a suit of black, with a large bushy 'ope is not ascertained ; according to the 
wig, etid a broad beaver, decorated with common* accounts, it came into England 
a twisted sir* hatband and a rose, the fr° m Holland, in 1666, when Lord Ar* 
fashionable distinction of the dignified Kngton and Lord Ossory brought overs 
clergy of that day. It was his office Small quantity : the custom of drinking 
to read certain Latin prayers on the tea hecame fashionable, and a pound- 
toouirt at Salt Hilf. The third boy of weight sold then for sixty shillings. ThiV 

the school brought up the rear as Lieu- account, however, is by no means sa- 
tenant One of the higher classes, whose tiisfectory. I have heard of Oliver 

~ "* '* " the poggrepion 

i page 64. 


qoalificetion was his activity, was chosen CjromwelTs tea-pot' in the posgrepion o f 
V Mimmtmm. \oL % * Concluded from page 64. 

Digitized by * 

140 Tea and Coffee. [vol. % 

a collector, and this will derange the the directions of the most knowing i 
chronology of those writers who are per- chants into those Eastern countries. On 
petually copying the researches of others, the knowledge of the said Garway's con- 
without confirming or correcting them, tinued care and industry in obtaining the 
Amidst the rival contests of the Dutch best tea, and making drink thereof, very 
and the English East- India Companies, many noblemen, physicians, merchants, 
the honour of introducing its use into &c have ever since sent to him for the 
Europe may be claimed by both. Dr. said leaf, and daily resort to his house to 
Short conjectures that tea might have drink the drink thereof. He sells tea 
been known in England as far back as from 16s. to 50s. a pound." 
the reign of James T. for the first fleet set coffee. 

out in 1600; but, had the use of this While the honour of introducing Tea 
shrub been known, the novelty had been may be disputed between the English 
chronicled among our dramatic writers, and the Dutch, that of Coffee remains 
whose works are the annals of our pre- between the English and the French, 
ealent tastes and humours. It is rather Our own Purcbas, was " a Pilgrim,*? 
extraordinary that our East- India Com- and well kuew what was " Coffa," which 
pany should not have discovered the use ** they drank as hot as they can endure 
of this shrub in their early adventures; it; it is as black as soot, and tastes not 
yet it certainly was not known in England much unlike it ; good they say for di- 
so late as in 1641, for in a scarce ** Trea- gestion and mirth, 
tise of Warm Beer," where the ritie It appears by Le Grand's ** Vie pri- 
indicates the author's design to recom- vee des Francois," that the celebrated 
mend hot in preference to cold drinks, Thevenot, in 1658, gave coffee after, 
he refers to tea only by quoting the Jesuit dinner ; but it was considered as the 
Maffei's account, that ** they of China whim of a traveller ; neither the thing 
do for the roost part drink the strained itself* nor its appearance, was inviting : 
liquor of an herb called Chia y hot." The it was probable attributed, by the gay, 
word Cha is the Portuguese term for tea to the humour of a vain philosophical 
retained to this day, which they borrow- traveller. But ten years afterwards a 
ed from the Japanese ; while our inter- Turkish Ambassador at Pa risen) ade the 
course with the Chinese made us no beverage highly fashionable. The ele- 
doubt adopt their term Theky now prev- gance of the equipage recommended it 
alent throughout Europe, with the ex- to the eye, and charmed the women: 
ception of the Portuguese. The Chi- the brilliant porcelain cups, in which it 
nese origin is still preserved in the term was poured ; the napkins fringed with 
Bohea, tea which comes from the country gold, and the Turkish slaves on their 
of Vouhi ; and that of Hyson is the knees presenting it to the ladies, seated 
name of the most considerable Chinese on the ground on'cushions, turned the 
then concerned in the trade. heads of the Parisian dames. This ele- 

Tbomas Garway, in Exchange-alley, gant introduction made the exotic bever- 
Tobacconist and Coffee-man, was the age a subject of conversation ; and, in 
first who sold and retailed tea, recom- 1672, an Armenian at Paris at the fair- 
mending it for the cure of all disorders, time opened a coffee-bouse. But the 
The following shop-bill is more curious custom still prevailed to sell beer and 
than any historical account we have. wine, and to smoak and mix with indif- 

44 Tea in England hath been sold in ferent company in their first imperfect 
the leaf for six pounds, and sometimes Coffee-houses. A Florentine, one Pro- 
for ten pounds the pound weight, and in cope, celebrated in bis day as the arbiter 
respect to its former scarceness and of taste in this department, instructed by 
dearness it hath been only used as a the error of the Armenian, invented a 
regalia in high treatment and entertain- superior establishment, and introduced 
jnents, and presents made thereof to ices ; he embellished his apartment, an4 
princes and grandees till the year 1657. those who bad avoided the offensive 
The said Garway did purchase a quantity coffee-houses, repaired to Procope's ; 
thereof, and first publicly sold the said where literary men, artists, and wits re- 
tea in kaf or drwk, made according to sorted, to inhale the fresh and fragmnt 

Digitized by 


VOL. 2.] 

Zoology — Mushrooms — Sucking-Fish. 


steam. Le Grand says, that this esta- 
blishment holds a distinguished place in 
the literary history of the times. It was 
at the coffee-house of Du Laurent that 
Saurin, La Motte, Danchet, Boindin, 
Rousseau, &c. met ; but the mild steams 
ot the aromatic berry could not mollify 
the acerbity of so many rivals, and the 
witty malignity of Rousseau gave birth 
to those famous couplets on all the coffee- 
drinkers, which occasioned his misfor- 
tune and his banishment. 

"Such is the history of the first use of> 
cofiee and its houses at Paris. We, how- 
ever, knew the use before even the time 
©fThevenot; for an English Turkish- 
merchant brought a Greek servant in 
1652, who, knowing how to roast and 
make it, opened a house to sell it publicly. 
I have also discovered his hand-bill, in 
which he sets forth, 

" The vertue of the coffee-drink, first 
publiquely made and sold in England, 
by Pasqua Rosea, in St Michael's Alley, 
• Cornhill, at the sign of his own head." 

For about twenty years after the in- 
troduction of coffee in England, we find 
a continued series of invectives against 
its adoption, both in medicinal and do- 
mestic views. The use of coffee, in- 
deed, seems to have excited more notice, 
and to have had a greater influence on the 
manners of the people, than that of tea. 

In ** The Women's Petition against 
Coffee," 1674, they complained that u it 
made men as unfruitful as the deserts 
whence that unhappy berry is said to be 
brought : that the offspring of our migh- 
ty. ancestors would dwindle into a suc- 
cession of apes and pigmies ; and, on a 
domestic message, a husband would stop 
by the way to drink a couple of cups of 
coffee." It was now sold in convenient 
penny-worths ; for in another poem in 
praise of a coffee-house, for the variety 
of information obtained there it is called 
u a penny university." 

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. 
Sis,— A few weeks ago, one of the 
large flag-stones, in the new pavement 
of the town of Basing <tofce, was ob- 
served to have risen about an inch and 
a half above its proper situation : on 
taking up the stone, a large mushroom, 

of six or seven inches diameter, was 
found growing beneath it; which some 
persons, strangely enough, imagined must 
have been the cause of raising up the 
stone in that manner. The stone-ma- 
son, who has the contract of the work, 
rather vexed that any should think a 
feeble mushroom bad displaced his strong 
pavement, had the stone replaced in a 
secure manner — observing, that it should 
be safe enough for the future. About a 
month afterwards (a few days ago,) the 
adjoining stone was observed to be dis- 
placed io the same manner as the former : 
on taking up the second stone, to the f 
surprise of -many witnesses of the fact, 
two mushrooms, not quite so large as 
the former, were found growing beneath 
it. The stones ace nearly of the same 
size, each about 24 inches by 21, two 
inches in thickness ; the latter, having 
been weighed, is 83 pounds. 

However surprising and incredible 
this account may appear, the matter of 
fact is most certain : the stone mason, 
his workmen, and many others, can 
attest its truth. The writer of this 
article has seen one of the mushrooms, 
and one of the stones continues in its 
displaced state. It is proposed to the 
consideration of philosophers and na- 
turalists to account for this wonderful 
property of mushrooms. 

Joseph Jefferson. 

Basingstoke; Aug. 6, 1817. 


The antients absurdly *believed that 
the sucking-fish had the power of arrest- 
ing the progress of a ship in its fastest 
sailing, by adhering to its bottom :— 

The sucking- fish beneath, with secret chains, 
Clang to the keel, the swiftest ship detains. 
The seamen ran. confused, nolabour spared. 
Let fly the sheets, and hoist the top-mast yard. 
The master bids them gi ve her all the sails, 
To court the windXand catch the coming galea. 
Bat, though the canvass bellies with the blast. 
And boisterous winds bead down the cracking 

The bark stands firmly rooted in the sea, 
And will. anmoved,Bor winds nor waves obey; 
Still, as when calms have flatted all the plain, 
And infant wares scarce wrinkle on the main. 
No ship in harbour moored so careless rides, 
When ruffling waters tell the flowing tides. 

Digitized by 


1^8 For&tes, CWttca^c.— C^^ 

Appalled, the sailors stare, through strange to thi&cojMsJry a rich treasure of the most 
surprise, brilliant gems, rare fossils, and numerous 

Believe they dream, and rob their waking m injerals, focmjng the mast splendid naA-i 
Aswhe^rrUicfi^thelHint-aa'sbow, «ral grotto in the wodij. philosophers, 
The feathered death arrest, the flying doe, mineralogists, an4 the public, may now, 
Strack through, the dying beast talk sadden **** themselves of a f wi to this treasury 
down, — twa gi»n4 lesson and lecture oo sci- 

The parts growstiff^iod all the motions goaei «nce; capaciou* as a city, aid exUmding 
Such sudden force the floating captive binds, many miles, with pUlac*, arches,, an4 
Though beat by waves, and urged by amine bridges of every denomination and order 
wlDd *- — Nature the great architect The lakes, 

fish -ponds, fountains and rivulets of the 
moat delicate rock water. The, laby- 
rinths, arcades, walla, roofs, and floors, 

m, ±l*_a**** embellished wilk the moat glittering. 

The ranger of the forest of • • • ^ ^ ^ of gU ^ ^ 

Baron Charles Von Draw has made ' ~\ . • _ k;„«*;™ ._ 




some highly satisfactory trials of his 
new-invented travelling machine, with- 
out horses. On the 12th of July he 
went from Manheim to the Relay-house 
at Scfawezingen and back again, which 
is a distance calculated at four hours post 

per, and zinc, in every combination : — 

Here, ranging through her vaalted ways 
On nature's alcaymy you gaae : 
See how she forms the gem, the ore, 
And all her magazines explore. 

The Rutland Cavern, as an object of 

travelling (an hour being about 2{ miles general curiosity, and the terrific gran- 
English) within one hour. Since then dear of the immense natural cavities, far 
he has, with the same machine, gone exceeds the wildest pictures of romance, 
over in about an hour the steep moun- or the fearful scenes of enchantment, and 
tainous road from Grusbach to Baden, gives a most interesting and perfectly 
which takes two hours by the post. The new subject for the mind. From the 
leading principle of the invention is ta- finest terrace, commanding all the beau- 
ken from the art of skating, and consists ties of Matlock, you can enter the rock 
in the simple idea, of impelling by the by a dry, roomy, and even mountainous 
help of the feet, a seat fixed upon wheels, archway, perfectly safe and pleasant for 
The machine that the inventor has had the most timid female. The external 
made consists of a seat on only two surface of the Heights of Abraham 
two-feet wheels running one behind the abounds in rare botanical plants, and 
other, that it may be used in the, foot from the Serpentine and Moon Battery 
paths* To preserve the equilibrium, the Walks, shaded by fine and lofty cedars, 
traveller has before him a little board with the most sublime sceuery is taken, rich 
a cushion nailed to it, on which he rests and romantic as the imagination can con* 
his arms, and before which is the small ceive. The pure air of this delightful 
pole which he holds in' his hand to steer region, and the extraordinary instances 
nis course with. This machine, which and facts of the lengthened periods of 
may be used with great advantage for existence of its inhabitants, proclaim thia 
expresses, and for other purposes, even to be really the seat of health and beauty, 
for considerable journeys, does not weigh A mineralogical survey of this wonder 
50 pounds, and may be made strong, of nature, and of these kingdoms, has 
handsome, provided with pockets, &c. been lately made by the first mineralogist 
for 4 Carolines (4U sterling) at the very and geologist of the age, Mr. Mawe ; 
utmost — Lit 6az* and his report confirms the reputation of 

m the Rutland Cavern being the most valu- 

able classical mineral discovery, known* 
The principal objects, of general obser- 
vation within the Cavern, are the rocky 
mountain archway, imbedding marina. 
The discovery and opening of this tre- shells ; the druses, or grottos ; fish-ponds; 
twudouj cemetary of nature, has given Osstan's hall ; an arcade to the, ball of. 

Wnm lm**V* AnmMm 

Digitized by 


vol. % J Fw Jrt*-~&mom y 8 CupuL—SdyBct df m lUikm, Tragedy 140 

Enchantment, in the Castle of Otranto, portunity, did what, she bad not firmness 
of iodescribalble grandeur ; the den. of enough to refuse to do, and promised tot 
lions ; a grand cave, with the extraordi<- bestow, her hand, on a roan for whom she 
nary distant glimmering of daylight ; a felt no affection* Grief, however, soon- 
fine arcade to Jacob's Well and Fottn- undernamed her health, and by way of 
tain ; the waters of lire ; the ascent by amusement she- was/sent into the moon- 
one hundred steps to the ancient mine, tains to the olive harvest. Her mother 
worked by the Romans ; other fish* also went to see some relations in the* 
ponds, with fish living in perpetual dark- country, and an elder, sister only* was 
ness ; the dark and gloomy cave of black left at home. 

stone ; the enemy of miners ; the den Anna nevertheless grew worse-— nay 
of wolves and bears ; a romantic bridge : she was. so ill that her friends, alarmed 
a fine rocky scene. These recesses lead for her life* sen* her back to her mother's 
to the most fantastic, grotesque, and house. Giuseppe bad meanwhile re- 
whimsical distribution of rocks, imbed- turned, and the report of Anna's intend* 
ding the most rare and delicate fossils, ed, compulsory marriage soon reached 
grottos, and druses, that defy all attempts his ears* On the- following Sunday he- 
at description or. relation. met her sister at mass, and with the ur- 
■ » ■ gency yet with the resignation of de- 
rrapti* utmrr fMomu. spair, he implored her to procure bim a 
canova's cupid. last interview wkh his beloved. They 

TVs Gar-famed specimen of art, which •S re »d that be should find Anne in the 
has been lately seen and admired by the g*«fcn in the evening by moon-light, 
rank and fashion of the metropolis, was w tole the only guardian domestic, an old 
not originally intended for the God of ***\m 9 was at the public-house. 
Love, but merely the statue of Prince . At the appointed time Giuseppe was 
Libomorski, a beautiful Polish youth, m *** garden, and there he found his 
who, with his mother visited Roeie about Anun ' Weak, melancholy and silent, 
twenty-six years ago. Canpva lavished sl ^ we . nt U P t0 oim witn filtering steps 
all the powers of his art tp eiecute a per- -'•but in vain he questioned her — in vain 
feet resemblance j but maternal fondness ne endeavoured 4o draw from her the ac- 
blieded.the Princes* Libomorski : "it knowjedgment tn *t *h* »<»W loved him, 
was not handsome enough for her son." anc * acted by compulsion— not a^ word 
The artist felt himself hurt by her par- coula * n * elic *t — mute » P*^ wwl motion- 
tiality, changed the statue into a Cupid, * e83 » 8ne . 8too< i Me a beauteous statue 
and immediately found another purchaser, before him. At length he clasped i I ,e 
m adored. object in an ardent embrace. 

-™.™ during which he buried apooiitrd in her 


A recent traveller relates that a fa- murderer hastily fled over the wall of 
vounte dramatic piece in the towns of the garden. The sister, alanr.ed at 
the Genoese territory is founded on the Annas protracted absence, went out 
following tragic story:— mto tne gardei)f where she fojmd ^ 

A tew. years since there lived at Port lifeless io her blood, and with the aasist- 
Maunce, near Oneglia, two lovers, named anceoftheold sailor, who had returned 
Anna and Giuseppe, the children of tp late, carried her into the house* 
widows in good circumstances, the for- The wretched assasski, impelled by 
mer eighteen, and the latter twenty savage frenay, after strolling about all 
years of age. The parents had given night, again scaled the wotl of the g»rden # 
!Vj- con 1 9ent to tbe,r union * and the where he no longer foun^-his Anna but- 
wedding day was soon to be fixed, when, only her blood, which lie was busily em- 
during a short absence of Giuseppe, pro- ployed in wiping up with his handkejv 
feebly brought about by artCI contriv- chief, when the mother, iguora»t<of what 
•nce,an intriguing friend of the family had happened, returned early in the 
prevailed upon the mother of the bride morning from . the villegiabura, actwm* 
to give her daughter to a more wealthy panied by4he friend whorwes-tb* cause 
lover. Anna, overcome by maternal iro- of the. catastrophe, and. unlocking the 

Digitized by 


150 Antipathies — Parisian Speculation* — Obscure Ceremonies^ 6f& [vol.2 

gate, entered the garden. The frantic 
Giuseppe ran to meet her, and holding 
the bloody handkerchief close to her 
face, wildly cried : Conosci tu quel san- 
gut 1 — (Do you know that blood ?) The 
mother rushed with a fearful presenti- 
ment into the house, where the first ob- 
ject that met her view was the corpse of 
her murdered child. The maniac again 
fled to the caverns of the neighbouring 

The corpse was decorated after the 
Italian fashion, crowned with a garland 
of myrtle, and deposited the night be- 
fore the funeral in an open coffin in the 
church before the high altar. Here a 
person was placed to watch ft by the 
light of consecrated tapers. About mid- 
night the assassin suddenly forced his 
way into the church; the affrighted 
watchman ran off, but stopped at a 
distance to observe his motions, and be- 
held the unfortunate Giuseppe covering 
the remains of her whom he had murder- 
ed from affection with a thousand kisses 
and burning tears, after which with the 
rapidity of lightning, he dispatched 
himself by several pistol-shots, and fell 
lifeless upon the corpse of his beloved 
victim. The unhappy mother went 
raving mad. During her insanity she 
frequently exclaimed Conosci tu quel 
sangue ? and soon sunk into a premature 
grave. — New Man. Mag. Sept. 1817. 


The Roman women, and even those of 
the lower classes, cannot bear any per- 
fumes, not excepting the smell of flowers. 
This antipathy js carried so far, that every 
foreigner is disposed to consider it as 
affectation. At Naples it is equally 
prevalent. The smell of musk is most 
disliked, and a stranger, when his clothes 
•re scented with it in so slight a degree 
as to be imperceptible to himself, is often 
shunned in company like one infected 
with the plague. At Florence and Genoa, 
on the contrary, strong perfumes are 
considered agreeable, as are also flowers, 
great quantities of which are daily 
brought to market, and employed by the 
female peasants to adorn their bosoms 
and hair. In the environs of Rome 
scarcely any but scentless flowers are 
cultivated— ihiefly ranunculuses, which, 

for variety and splendid colours, are not 
to be matched in any other city of 
Europe. — Ibid. 


The Parisians have it now in con- 
templation to form a new establishment 
in the Rue de Richelieu, and which is 
to be termed the Coffee- Home of Olym- 
pus. Its entrance is to be by subterra- 
neous passages, where arriving at the bor- 
ders of a lake, an okj Charon, in bis 
boat, will await them, and for a trifling 
recompense, will row the passengers 
over to the other side. That obscure 
race of mortals who drink nothing but 
beer, and have the detestable habit of 
smoking, will be allowed to enter only 
dark grottos, where they will be served 
by men dressed in black and red who 
will be made to resemble those who dwell 
on the shores of Phlegethon. A Pro- 
serpina, with her head encircled by nar- 
cissus', will receive on her throne of 
ebony the offerings of the faithful. The 
happy ones of this world will be con- 
ducted by Fortune into the enchanting 
groves of Idalia ; where ices and cooling 
liquors will be poured out for them by 
a swarm of Hebes and Ganymedes, and 
the bar will be ornamented by a chariot 
drawn by doves, in which will be placed 
a Venus adorned with every grace and 
charm, who will condescend to receive 
the incense of gold from the hands of 
mortals. The gracious Polyhymnia 
will preside over the music room, and 
the agile Terpsichore over the ball-room ; 
in a word, all the God* of ancient fable 
will be put under contribution : an au- 
thor of the Boulevards will undertake 
the part of Apollo, and the manager of 
this concern will do his best to represent 
Plutiis \—La Belle As. 


' ALL SAINTS. (NOV. 1.) 

In the early ages of Christianity the 
word saint was applied to all believers, 
as is evident in the use of it by St. Paul 
and St Luke ; but the term was after- 
wards restrictbd to such as excelled in 
Christian virtues. In the Romish church, 
holy persons, canonized by the Pope, are 
called saints, and are invoked and sup- 
plicated by the professors of that religion. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

*ou 2.] lUustrcUion^ $c—AU Souls — Mayor— A new Joanna SouthcoU. 151 


Io Catholic countries, on the eve and 
day of All Souls, the churches are hung 
with black ; the tombs are opened ; 
a coffin covered with black, and sur- 
rounded with wax lights, is placed in the 
nave of the church, and, in one corner, 
figures in wood, representing the souls 
of the deceased, are halfway plunged into 
the flames. 


The word mayor, comes from the 
antient English mater, able or potent, of 
the verb may or con. King Richard I. 
A. D. 1189, first changed the bailiffs of 
London into Mayors ; by whose ex- 
ample, others were afterwards appointed. 

A very splendid banquet is on these 
occasions provided at Guildhall, at the 
expense of the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs, 
and about 1300 persons, male and fe- 
male, sit down to dinner.* 

Know ye the land where the leaf of the myrtle 

Is bestowed on good livers in eating sublime ? 

Where the rage for/at ven'son, and love of the 


Preside o'er the realms of an Epicure clime ? 

Know ye the land where the joiceof the vine 

Makes Aldermen learoe4,and Bifuopsdivioe ? 

Where each Corporation, deep flashed with 

its bloom, 
Waxes fat o'er the eyes of the claret's per- 
Thick spread is the table with choicest of frait, 
And the voice of the Reveller never is mote : 
Their rich robes, tho' varied,in beauty may vie, 
Yet the purple of Bacchus is deepest in dye: 
Tls the clime of tbeEAST— the return of the sun 
Looks down on the deeds which his children 

have done 3 
Then wild is the note, and discordant the yell, 
When, reeling and staggering, they hiccup 
* The charges of the puMic dinnen 00 this 
day commonly amount Io 10,0001. sterl. 


In the thirty-ninth chapter of Job, 
there is a most beautiful description of 
the ostrich. They had at that time ob- 
served the manner in which the female 
ostrich abandons her brood to the natur- 
al heat of the sand : • She is hardened 
against her young ones, as though they 
were not her s. Her labour is in vein ; 
without fear, because God hath depriv- 
ed her of wisdom ; neither has he im- 
parted to her understanding. What 
time the liftcth up her head on high, she 
Moorneth the horse and Jos rider. 9 


Authentic Memoirs of the Revolution 
in France and the Sufferings of the Roy- 
al Family ; deduced chiefly from Ac- 
counts by Eye-witnesses. 8vo. 10s. 6d. 

A work of this kind most prove at all times 
seasonable, for although no more than a cobbv 
pilatioo, il inculcates a powerful lesson upon 
states and individuals, teaching the one to 
guard against innovations, and the other to 
cherish those principles of moral and political 
duty which are the great security or public 
and private happiness. We remember to hav- 
seen attempts made to abolish the commemo- 
ration of the thirtieth of January In this coun- 
try, and there are many in France who, no 
doubt, would be equally willing that the me- 
morial of their sanguinary revolution should 
be buried in oblivion. Hut if history be phi- 
losophy, teaching by example, the minute rec- 
ords of such atrocities cannot be too faithful- 
ly preserved, and prominently exhibited, to 
the view of successive generations, that men 
may learn to avoid that spirit of' discontent 
which has enabled the crafty and turbulent to 
overturn monarchies and enslave the people. 
The present volume, which is very judiciously 
abstracted from the most authentic sources 
contains a luminous, affecting, and candid 
narrative of the bUtory of revolutionary 
France, particularly of the unparalleled suf- 
ferings of the virtoou* Louis acd his family. 


Constance, (Grand Duchy of Baden) 
Aug. 8. — It appears that Madame Kru- 
dner has been refus* d permission to reside, 
in the kingdom of Wurtemberg. After 
having harangued the Jews at Gallingen 
and Bandegg, whom she declared to be 
the peculiar people of God, she arrived 
here. Not being allowed to remain here 
above 2t hours, she proceeded, on the 
1st of August, to one of the cantons of 
Thurgovia. She there awaits the answer 
of the Government of St. Gall, from 
which she had solicited permission to 
establish herself in that canton. While 
expecting it, her mi>sionaries preach at 
Houb, sometimes in the fields, calling 
the baroness a prophetess. She herself 
preaches with all the enthusiasm of an 
ardent and fanatic spirit. Sue distribute* 
every day bread, and some hundreds of 
measures of economical soup. Her 
adherents receive them on their knees 
like a gift from God. H r or diuary suite 
is composed of about forty persons; 
among whom are remarked, Madame de 
Bereketm, two Protestant ministers, and 
a lame woman, who has brought her a 
contribution of 10.000 florins. Her 
adherents are in the habit of saying, "We 
call no one ; but those who are the elect 
of God will follow us. v — Pano. 

Digitized by 


l£t Me***trtfA*acrc9nMeore. [vol. 3. 



EVERY age has characteristics pe- English verse* with notes. Hence, in 
culiar to itself, by which it is dis- the vocabulary of fashion, he has since 
tinguished from preceding times, and in generally been designated by the appei- 
which it is described to posterity. The latioo of Anacreon Moore ; and it is 
British nation at this day exhibits an likely he will retain this appellation until 
anomalous mixture of puritanic strictness his name be no longer remembered. So 
on the one hand, and of polished licen- early as his twelfth year he appears to 
tiousneas on the other. While one there- qAvg meditated on this performance, 
lore, perhaps under a serious apprehen- w hicb, if a free one, is confessed by 
sion of the decline of national morality, is n any to be a fascinating version of ms 
strenuously occupied in reprobating and favourite bard. This work is introduced 
resisting the depravity of modern man- by an admirable Greek ode from the 
ners, another appears no less determined pan of the translator, and is dedicated 
to assert what he regards as the cause of ^th permission to his Royal Highness 
liberal and enlightened society. The tne Prince Reg nt It was published 
subject of this sketch may be considered fast in a quarto volume ; it now appears. 
as belonging to the latter class. j Q two small volumes, and has attained 

Thomas Moore is the only son of Mr. the eighth ed tion. Before the second 
John Moore, who was formerly a res* edition of his translation was sent to the 
pectable merchant, and who still resides press, Mr. Moore made considerable 
at Dublin. Thomas was born about the additions. " Among the epigrams of 
year 178CX His infantine clays seem to the Anlhologia" says be on this ocon- 
have left the most agreeable impressions $ j on , « there are some panegyrics on 
on his memory. In an epistle to his el- Anacreon, which I had translated and 
dost sister, dated Nov. 1803, and writ- originally intended as a kind of cororm 
ten from Norfolk in Virginia, he has re- to the work ; but I found upon consid- 
traced the delight of their childhood, and eration, that they wanted variety. I 
described the pure endearments of home, 8n all take the liberty, however, of sub- 
with great felicity. Under Mr. White joining a few, that I may not appear to 
of Dublin^ gentleman extensively known nave totally neglected those elegant tri- 
and respected, and whose worth as an butes to the reputation of Anacreon." 
instructor has been justly commemorated Assuming the surname of Little*, our 
in a sonnet addressed to him by his author committed to the world in 1801 
pupil, which appeared in a periodical a volume of original poems, chiefly 
miscellany entitled the Anthologia Hiber- amatory. It has experienced a rapid 
nica, young ^Moore acquired the rudi- gale. Of the contents of this public** 
roents of an excellent education. He tion it is impossible to speak in terms of 
was afterwards removed in due course unqualified approbation. Many of the 
of time to Trinity College, in the same poems exhibit strong marks of genius, 
city. Moore was greatly distinguished an d some of them may be perused with-' 
while a collegian, by an enthusiastic out exciting any asperity ; while others, 
attachment to his country and the socia- it cannot be denied, are too much tinged 
bility of his disposition. On the L9th with licentiousness to allow the writer 
of November, 1799, he was entered a to assert, that he has produced "na 
member of the Honourable Society of line, which dying he would wish to blot." 
the Middle Temple, where be, as is Towards the autumn of 1803 Mr. 
usual, kept his terms, &c. Moore embarked for Bermuda, where , 

In the year 1800, and consequently » The itatare of Moore it somewhat o«te* 
when he had not completed the twenty- the common size, and it wastbisdimiBiitl?eoess 
first o. his 8 ge, he published his transl.- *>&&*« ^^^Wr 
tions of the Odes of Anacreon into PockttJpoUv. 

Digitized by 



Memoirs of Thomas Moore, Bag. 


be had obtained the appointment of 
Register to the Admiralty. This was a 
patent place, and of a description so un- 
suitable to his temper of mind, that he 
soon found it expedient to fulfil the 
duties of it by the medium of a deputy, 
with whom, in consideration of circum- 
stances, he consented to divide the profits 
accruing from it. These, however, proved 
to be wholly unworthy of Mr. Moore's 
serious attention. ** Though curiosity 
therefore," says he, " was certainly not 
the motive of my voyage to America, 
yet it happened that the gratification of 
curiosity was the only advantage which 
I derived from it" From England to 
New-York, in his way to Bermuda, he 
had the gratification of associating with 
Mr. Merry, the British envoy, who sailed 
with him in the Phaeton frigate. " Having 
remained about a weekatNew-York,"he 
continues, " where I saw MadameJerome 
Bonaparte, and felt a slight shock of an 
earthquake, the only things that par- 
ticularly awakened my attention, I 
sailed again in the Boston for Norfolk, 
whence I proceeded on my tour north- 
ward through Williamsburgh, Richmond, 
&c. I went to America with preposses- 
sions by no means unfavourable, and 
indeed rather, indulged in many of those 
illusive ideas with respect to the purity 
of the government, and the primitive 
happiness of the people, which I had 
early imbibed in my native country, 
where unfortunately discontent at home 
too often enhances every distant tempta- 
tion ; and the western world has long 
been looked on as a retreat from imagi- 
nary oppression, as the elysian Atlantis, 
where persecuted patriots might find 
their wishes realized, and be welcomed 
by kindred spirits to liberty and repose. 
I was completely disappointed in every 
flattering expectation I had formed. 
Such romantic works as The American 
Farmer's Letters, and Imlay's* Account 
of Kentucky, would seduce us into a 
belief, that innocence, peace, and freedom 
bad deserted the rest of the world, for 
Martha's Vineyard and the banks of 
the Ohio. The French travellers too, 

♦ Imlay, a man who has refcdered biraself 
notorious by hii ungenerous desertion of the 
celebrated Mrs. Wolstonecraft, afterwards 
Mrs. Godwin.— See her Life written by her 
^inband; and her Letter to Imlay* 

W ATH EN ECU. Vol. 2. 

almost all from revolutionary motives, 
have contributed their share to the 
diffusion of this flattering misconcep- 
tion. A visit to the country is, how- 
ever, quite sufficient to correct even the 
most enthusiastic prepossessions." 

The feelings with which our author 
first visited America, and the opin- 
ions which he had formed when he 
quitted it, are. finely expressed in his 
epistle to his sister Katherine. Norfolk 
was the place from which his poetical 
epistle was sent, and also the place first 
visited by him ; and here, in the friend- 
ship of George Morgan, Esq. a gentle- 
man who was attached to our con- 
sulate, and that of Colonel Hamilton, 
the consul, he sought and found some 
relief from his chagrin and disappoint- 
ment. " The college of William and 
Mary at Williamsburgh," continues 
Mr. Moore, " gave me but a melancholy 
idea of the republican seats of learning. 
That contempt for the elegances of 
education which the American demo- 
crats affect, is no where more grossly 
conspicuous than in Virginia. The men 
who look to advancement, study rather 
to be demagogues than politicians, and as 
every thing that distinguishes from the 
multitude is supposed to be invidious 
and unpopular, the levelling system is 
applied to education, and it has had all 
the effect which its partizans could 
desire, by producing a most extensive 
eqnality of ignorance. The Abbe 
Raynal, in his prophetic admonitions to 
the Americans, directing their attention 
very 3trongly to learned establishments, 
says, « When the youth of a country 
are depraved, the nation is on the de- 
cline* I know not wha< the Abbe 
Raynal would pronounce of this nation 
now, were be alive to know the morals 
of the young students at Williamsburgh." 

These strictures, however warranted, 
roused the resentment of some American 
writers, whose tirades Mr. Moore's 
good sense will know how to appreciate: 
yet he does not fbrget the kind reception 
he met with at Philadelphia in the 
society of Mr. Dennie ; and his friends, 
he trusts,will not accuse him of illiberalrty 
for the picture which he has given, of 
the ignorance and corruption that 
surround them. * 

Seven days were passed by Mr. Meere 

Digitized by VjOCW IC 

IM Memoirs of Madame de Stael. [vol. *. 

in his passage from Norfolk in Virginia leisure, in trips from this to the sifter 
to Bermuda, the place of his original country, the exhilaration of the tables of 
destination, wfiich he reached early in fashion and conviviality, and the exertion 
1804. His farewell to Bermuda has of his literary talents. The following is 
been long before our readers* He sailed a list of his productions, as given in the 
aboard the Boston frigate, in company Biographioal Dictionary of Living 
with the Cambrian and lender ; they Authors : — The Odes of Anacreon, 
Operated in a few days, and the Boston, eighth edition— A Candid Appeal to 
after a short cruise, proceeded to New Public Confidence, Ac— Poems by the 
York. He was sixteen days sailing from late Thomas Little^ A l#etter to the 
Quebec to Halifax, and in October 1804 Roman Catholics of Dublin— Intercept- 
quitted Halifax on his return to England, ed Letters, or the Two-penny Post- 
in the Boston frigate* commanded by Bag* by Thomas Brown the younger; 
his friend Captain Douglas, whom he of this work there have been fourteen 
has highly eulogised lor bis attention editions — M. P. or the Blue Stocking, a 
during the voyage, After an absence of comic opera*— and Poems from Camoens* 
about fourteen months from Europe, he Mr. Moore completed the translation of 
had the feticky of reatiaing that scene of Sallust which had been left unfinished 
domestic endearment which his imagina- by Arthur Murphy, Esq. and soperin* 
tk>n had so fondly pictured: since which tended the printing of the work for the 
time Mr. Moore has indulged ia learned purchaser, Mr. Carpenter. 


from tkt MmUOt M«winr. 

TY10 speak of the literary celebrity of pursued her, and never proffered her 
M. Madame de Stael, of the elevated mouth a word : never did her pen trace 
talent which distinguished her, of all the one single line which was not worthy of 
talent which placed her among the first the cause for which she suffered, 
writers of the age, would be to speak of The authority which reigned inFraoce, 
things known to all France and to all however, redoubled the vexatious mens* 
Europe ; to speak of her generous opin- ures against her. Exile was not suffi- 
ions, her love for liberty, her confidence cient ; insulation was destined for her ; 
in the powers of intelligences and of mo- and the master of the world, seated on 
rality, confidence which honours the soul the first throne of the universe, observed* 
which experiences it, would be, perhaps, with a suspicious eye those who dared to 
in the midst of still agitated parties, to go and see a woman whom he had ban* 
provoke ill-disposed impressions; that ished to a habitation out of France. Mad- 
which I would paint, that which all her ame de Stael, more in quieted for her 
friends would still find a painful pleasure friends than for herself, resolved, not 
to describe, if a profound affliction does without long hesitations and lively regrets, 
not rather lead all who have cherished to put herself out of the reach of tbatnoe- 
her to refuse themselves all kinds of con- tile power. She could not, in all Eu- 
solation, is that bounty, that nobility, rope, find a refuge, but among the ene- 
that constant elevation of sentiment, that mies of the man who drove her from her 
warmth of frieadsip, that pity, that re- country. But, in accepting, in spite of 
spect for infirmity, that ardour to plead herself, this asylum, she did not, for aa 
the cause of the oppressed, that power of instant forget her country, 
affection, in fine, which cast on the lives For three years she has enjoyed that 
of all who approached her a charm, France— tbe object, in her family, of aa 
which it impossible to re-place, and the hereditary love ; she had obtained from 
loss of which they know not how they will tbe king, for whom she always preserved 
be able to support a profound gratitude, the restitution of 

Exiled twelve years, Madame de Stael the sacred deposit, confided by M. Neck- 
has marked that long and painful period er to the national faith. StiU youug, 
by useful and noble works. She refused length of days were promised her. Sick- 
ber homage to tne unjust force which ne3s> pain, anguish, death, after fivw 

tizedby Vj( 

*oi» £] Funeral of the Baron*** de Stael HoUtein. 15$ 

months of almost uninterrupted sufferings, of the parish, M. fieroaud, pronounced 
havetomherfromthosefromwhomsbere- in the chapel of Coppet, over the coffin, a 
ceived happiness, and to whom she gave it religious discourse, extracted in a great 

All those who had relations with her, degree from the sermons of M. Necker. 
have retained thereof indelible impres- A solemn silence reigned among the 
siona. No ooe unfortunate ever approach- spectators while the procession moved 
ed her without being relieved ; no one towards the enclosure ef the tomb. 

afflicted wkbout being consoled ; no one 

proscribed without finding an asylum ; no Original Letter of Madame de Stael, to 
one oppressed without her pleading his Talma, July 1800. 

cause ; no superior wit, without being Do not believe that I am like Madame 
captivated by her ; no man in power, Milord, to crown you at the most pa- 
end who merited that power, without re- thetic moment ; but, as I cannot com* 
cognizing and respecting her ascendancy, pare you but to yourself, I must tell you. 
No one could pass an hour without Talma, that yesterday you surpassed 
giving that hour a separate place in his perfection and even imagination. "With 
memory ; and her life was necessary to all its faults," there 4s in this piece (Ham* 
those who had known her, even whei let,) stronger tragic elements than ours, 
they no longer saw her. and your talent appeared to me, in the 

On Saturday, the 26th of July, 1817, character of Mamlcl, like unto the genius 
the remains of Madame de Stael arrived of Shakspeare, (but without bis meqnali- 
at Coppet,in a carriage hung with black, ties, without his familiar jests,) as altoge« 
accompanied by M. de Stael and M. W. thef that which is most noble on the earth, 
de Schtegel. The 28th* had been ap* That natural profoundness, those ques- 

" the 

pointed for depositing the coffin in the tious on onr common destiny, in presence 
mausoleum where M. and Madame of that crowd who will die, and who 
Necker were interred. It is a square seemed to listen to you as the oracle of 
building of black marble, in the midst of fate ; that apparition of the ghost, more 
shrubbery enclosed with walls, where terrific in your looks than under the most 
Madame de Stael was accustomed to fearful forms ; that profound melancholy, 
take her solitary walks. Over the door that voice, those sentiment-betraying 
of the tomb is a basso-relievo, the design looks, a character beyond all human pro* 
of which had been furnished to the sculp- portions : all this is admirable, thrice ad- 
ter by Madame de Stael herself. She is mirable; my friendship for you enters 
represented in it on her knees, weeping for nothing in this emotion, the most pro- 
over the sarcophagus of her parents, who fouad which, in my life the arts ever 
appear holding out their hands to her caused me. I love you in the closet, in 
from Heaven. Her last wish was, that characters where you are your own peer ; 
her ashes should be united with theirs, but, in this character of Hamlet, such an 
The members of the Municipal Body of enthusiasm do you inspire mo with, that 
the Commune of Copaet requested to be you are no longer yourself; I am no long- 
themsehxee the bearers of the coffin, de- er myself; it is a collection of poetical 
siring thus to pay a mark of respect to looks,accents,and gesticulations, to which 
the saeraory of one who had rendered no writer ever yet elevated himself, 
herself dear to them by her kindnesses. Adieu ; pardon my having written to 
The greater number of the State Coun- you when I expect you at one o'clock in 
sellors of the Canton of Geneva were the day, add at eight in the evening; but, 
present at this melancholy and affecting if the established rules of society had not 
ceremony. The Duke de Noaillee bad forbidden roe, I am not certain whether 
come from Rolle with the same intention. I should not have mustered itp courage 
The procession was very numerous, for, enough to have gone myself and given 
besides the relatives and friends of Mad- you that crown which is due to such a 
ame de Stael, most of the principal in- talent, more than to any other ; for you 
habitants of Geneva and its environs has- are not an actor, but a man who exalts 
tened there with eagerness. Persons of human nature in giving us a new idea of 
ail ages and all classes 1 collected in crowds it. Answer me not, but love me for my 
to see the procession pass. The pa«tor admiration. 

Digitized by 






fraa tfaft Lttmry Gsxctto. " 



J^OWN lofty Iser's rugged side, 
3 Dash'd the torrent's foaming tide ; 
hi 1st each huge o'erhanging rock 
Trembled 'neath the ceaseless shock ; 
Black and lone the valley lay, 
Clos'd the last— the fatal day ! 
Cold and dead the generous steed, 
Ceas'd to moan, and ceas'd to bleed ! 
Cold, beside him on the ground, 
Gor'd by many a ghastly wound, 
Outstretcb'd in death, the warriors brave 
Press'd that earth they fought to save I 
Whilst each hard and toil-strung hand. 
Still firmly grasp'd the blood-stain'd brand : 
Freedom's sons f — ye bravely died, 
Tyrol's latest— noblest— pride ! 

On bed of fern and dark heath laid, 
Beneath the deep worn cavern's shade,— 
Where, scarce the chamois dares to climb, 
O'er pointed crag and cliff sublime,— 
Where shattered pines their dark arms wave, 
See gallant Speckbachr ! — warrior brave !— 
He who, on the battle plain, 
Latest fought th' oppressor's train,— 
He whom, on that fatal field, 
Wound nor force compelled to yield ;— 
Lone, wild, fierce, throbbing in despair, 
What varying pangs that bosom tear 1 
Till, every form of anguish past — 
Deep — cold-faint stillness comes the last t 
As slowly swell low broken sighs, 
O'er the wild vale are cast his eyes t 
Dark clouds obscure the moon's faint light, 
And tempest rides the wings of night! — 
Whilst torrent's roar, and mountain's storm, 
A wild, discordant descant form 1 

With quick short breath, why starts the 
What cold, pale arm is seen to wave ?— 
To point adown the lonely dell. 
Where lie the brave, who nobly fell ? 
What gleaming light quick flashes round ?— 
What clash of arms — what trumpet's sound ? 
That ancient castle, which of yore 
Austria's imperial banner bore, 
Rises anew 1— each tower and keep, 
High above the lofty steep, 
Shows its proud head, and mocks the hand, 
Whose demon rage their ruin plann'd I— 

♦ Speckbachr and Hofer, the celebrated 
Tyrolese Chiefs, having long defended their 
beloved country against the attacks of the 
French, at length sustained a defeat attended 
with dreadful slaughter. Hofer was shot by 
the order of Buonaparte, and Speckbachr re- 
mained concealed in a cavern on Mount Iser, 
until the retreat of the enemy. It most be 
gratifying to every true patriot to know, that 
on the restoration of the Tyrol to the Austrian 
Government, the Emperor Francis settled an 
estate oo the gallant Speckbachr and the chil- 
dren of his deceased compatriot, which the 
former now cultivates for their joint benefit. 

Whilst, for the eagle banner's pride. 
Bright silvery flame is spreading wide ;— 
A brighter banner,— sent by heaven, — 
Than e'er by mortal hand was given ! 
High o'er the tower it proudly waves, 
And mortal force, and vengeance braves ! 
O er the dark mountain's ragged tide, 
Pours a scene of martial pride j— 
Trumpets* sound, and warriors' cry. 
Float along the midnight sky ; 
Pass the steeds in swift career- 

Nods the helm, and gleams the spear- 
Swells the loud triumphant strain :— 
— " Ye, who fell on battle's plain 1 
Freedom's sons ! — awake 1— arise I 
Your fathers' spirits, from the skies, 
Descend once more to hail the day, 
That sweeps your country's scourge awayj 
His hour is past t — his day is o'er I— 
Low be falls,— to rise no more ! 
Thou,- who mourn'st thy country low, 
Thou sbalt share the glnnoos blow I— 
Tyrol, once ajnin, sfaalt see, 
Happy — glorious— prosperous — free ! 
Patriot !— calm thy anxious heart I 
Nobly, thou hast borne thy part ! 
Brighter days shall gild thy fame, 
Future a^es— bless thy name 1 
— — Spirits of the good and brave I 
Ye who fill a glorious grave- 
Rise and join the awful lay ! 
Ruin's storm shall pass away— 
Earth shall bloom— to peace restor'd— 
Love and joy shall break the sword !" 

Lit. Oat. Sept. 1617. 

From tbt GeBttemut Btnulae. 

Mr. Urbaw, 
The Times Newspaper has very deservedly 
introduced to public notice the Poems of 
Korxer, published at Berlin in May 1814. 
The Author was a Lieutenant in the Cavalry 
corps, which, under the command of Major 
Lotzow, distinguished itself so highly among 
the German partisans, and died of Ms 
wounds, shortly after one of the desperate 
engagements of the last year. These poems 
are not numerous; the stirring time allowed 
none of the leiawe of composition ; they 
are chiefly occasional— a bold sammonsto 
the country,— a lament over some fellow- 
warrior,— an outcry on the death of the 
King, who was for a while supposed to have 
perished at Bautzen. Such works compen- 
sate the grace of poetry by the higher and 
more impetuous influences almost insepara- 
ble from their day. No labour of imagina- 
tion can give the impress, struck out at once 
by the might and sharpness of the actoal 
scene. Study is cold to the whirl of thought 
that must have passed through the mindia 
that fiery and vehement trial, — every mo* 
ment full of lofty earnestness, the whole 
spirit of the man wound up to its sternest 
tension, the realities of hope and glory, and 
life and death, perpetually sweeping be- 
fore the eye,— the poet not left to the feeble- 
ness of dreams and visions, but himself toe 
soldier, himself exulting and swellire 
among the trumpets and the swords,— "the 

Digitized by 





garments roH'd in blood, th« thunder of the 
Captains, and the shouting." One of Kor- 
uePs poems is a ** Farewell to Life," con* 
posed on the night of Jane 17, 1813, while 
he lay desperately wounded, in a wood, 
without help, and " thought to die." 
lite Preface simply mentions that the Duke 
of Mecklenburgh Schwerin, as a testimony 
of respect for this distinguished youth, de- 
sired that he should be buried in the Ducal 
vault ; but Korner's companions in arms bad 
already chosen a grave for him under an 
oak, near which, we believe, he fell. The 
Duke then did all that rcsnained to princely 
regret, set apart the surrounding space of 
forty yards for his perpetual memorial; 
encircled it with masonry, and raised over 
the body a monument bearing a sword and 
lyre, wreathed with an oaken garland. 

Translated from the Oemum ofTheodortKorner. 


44 Tren hingst du deincm alien Fursten an." 

TTOFER ! in thy bold bosom glowed 
JLJL A stream as pure as ever flowed 

Beneath a prince's plume ; 
Nor ever warrior's nobler toil, 
In battle for bis native soil, 

flhed glory round bis tomb. 
Rous'd by thy horn from cot and fold, 
From forest glen, and rocky hold, 

With heart and eye of flame, — 
Like rubbings of the mountain flood, 
Like lightning from the rifted cloud, . 

Thy band of brothers came. 
And now that heart's rich tide is chill, 
That born is silent on the hill, 

The gallant chase is done ; 
Scatter'd and sunk the mountain band 
Throw the lov'd rifle from their hand, 

The soul of fight is gone ! 
But God is all.— Vain warrior-skill, 
Vain the high soul, the mighty will, 

Before the word of beaten :— 
The helm that on the chieftain's brow 
Flasb'd fire against the morning's glow. 

His blood may dim at ev'n. 
Yet, Holer ! in that hour of ill 
Thine was a brighter laurel still 

Than the red field e'er gave } 
The crown, immortal Liberty 
Gives to the few that dare k> die 

And seek her in the gravf. 
Who saw, as levell'd the chasseur 
Hiideadlyaim, the shade of fear 

Pas* o'er the hero's brow ? * 

Who saw his dark eyes' martial gaze 
Tarn from the musket's volley'd blaze 

That laid him calm and low ? 

on Rauch's Bost of 

Translated/ram homer* t Poems. 

HOW lovely still, though now oo more, 
Thy locks in auburn beauty pour; 
lore thine eye, of humid blue, 
Beams like t be star through evening dew : 
Forbid alike to beam and weep, 
Those orbs are elos'd in marble sleep, 
Those braids in moveless marble twine ; 
Princess ! tby throne is now tby shrine. 

Yet, matchless as in life, the spelt 
Loves on that pallid lip to dwell ; 
Aod still the soul's immortal glow 
Is radiant on tby dazzling brow. 
Soft be thy slumbers, soft and deep. 
Till start thy people from their sleep ; 
Till thousand beacons, blazing bright, 
Shake their wild splendours on the night; 
Till on the mountain-breeze's wing. 
The shout of War thy Landsturm fling i 
And gleams in myriad hands the sword. 
So deep in old Invasion gorM. 
God is the guide I— thro 7 woe, thro' fear. 
Rushes his chariot's high career ; 
God is the guide ! — thro* night, thro' storm. 
Speeds his resistless angefs form ; 
And red in many a doubtful fight, 
Our fathers* swords carved out their right. 
And still thro' field, and fire, and flood, 
We'll seal the proud bequest with blood. 
And give* our babes the boon they gave,— 
The glory of a Freeman's grave. 
Bring, spirit, bring the splendid day, 
That sees our ancient banners play : 
Then shall be heard the trumpet-tone, 
Where all is silent now, nod lone : 
From forest deep, from unsunn'd vale, 
Shall gleam the sodden flash of mail; 
Sudden along the grey bill's side, 
Shall proud and patriot squadrons rider 
Keen as his mountain eagle, there 
Shall bound the fatal Tiraillenr ; 
There swift as wind, the dark hussar 
Wheel his broad sabre for (be war: 
And mountain nook and cavem'd glen 
Give up their hosts of marshai'd men. 
Then, Form of Love ! no longer sleep : 
Thine be it on the gale to sweep, 
With Seraph smile, with Seraph power, 
To lighten on our gloomy hour, 
To bid the fainting land be wise, 
With wisdom from thy native skiet ; 
Givflthe strong heart, the hero-will, 
Angel ! and yet Protectress still. 

From the New Moat&ly Kipala*. 


WHO has not tnarVd on infant* * chert. 
When tears obscure his wonted unite*. 
How soon their home the exiles seek, 
As new-born joy bis grief beguiles ? 

Thus* from the Rose** tender flower, 
When beams the Snn's enlivening ray 

The Inst dear relics of thr shower 
The dew-drop's self is borne away. 

Thus, if perchance with idle skill 

Some band should touch tlT .Eolian lyre 

One moment's pause the mind they fill, * 
Then fade, forgotten, and expire. 

But should the Minstrel chance to fling 
Some notes eurfear'd by days gone by, 

The ear still listens for tne string, 
The bosom still returns the sigh. 

Thus there are wounds which haughty pride. 
Which proud disdain inflicts on man, 

Tears which, as soon as shed are dried, 
And griefs that live their narrow span. 

As April sun, as April shower. 
Alternate empire hold on high — 

As fades the dew-drop from the flower. 
So griefs alternate live and die. 

Digitized by 



Buti tel! me ye who tVr 1_ mmm ^ l 

The p™« tf disnmsoiuted lose, 
Whose bmf of Hope fi overblown, 

Wliatjoys can your tegms remove 1 
In vain shall mimic Fancy weave 

A garland fortn'd of every flower, 
In Tain each op'oint blossom breathe 

Some new born odour every boor. 

Shall Memory's mirror stHt reveal, 
The lover's vow still aorepaW, 
Encb wish denied that Love can feel. 

Fo «L k 2°S'< wh * lc, «r bath been the past, 
tto shall the memory of it be, 
e •• «** Jov '« tapeessionslast, 


tvOL,f rf 

Bjf Jfr. T. CauPMLL, 

Author of the " Pkaturts of Hope," %c. 

PRIDE of the British Stare. 
A long and last Adieu 7 
whose image brought th' heroic ace 

Reviv'd to Fancy's view. 
Like fields refresb'd with dewy light. 

When the Sun smiles bis last, 
Thv parting presence makes more bright 

Oar memory of the past. 
And Memory conjure/feelings op, 

That wine or masic need not swell, 
As high we lift the festal cup. 

To « Kemble, Fare thee well." 

Hl i wa$ . the S P*" °'* r "carts, 

Which eoly Acting lends— 
The vooBgest of the Sister Arts, 

where all their beaoty blends. 
For ill can Poetry express 
a £i iL?^ a toue of «■«*»* sublime 5 

o *? lnlu *» " lte and motionless, 

Steels but one glance from Time. 

Bl & *!!}*? "W 1 ^ Actor brought, 

Ulunjpn's wedded triumphs come— 
Verse ceases to be niry thooght, 

And Scolptnre to be dumb. 
Time may again revive. 

But ne'er efface the charm ; 
When CaU spoke in him alive, 

Or Hotspur kindled warm. 
What soul was not resigned entire 

To the deep sorrows of the Moor t 

£?.* 5* n * ,,so heart was out on fire, 

With him at Agincourt ? 
And yet a majesty posscss'd 

His transport's most impetuous tone, 
•And to each passion of his heart 

The Graces gave their zone. 
High were the task—too high* 

Ye conscious bosoms here, 
In words to paint your memory. 

Of Kemble and of Lear. 
But who forgets that white discrowned head, 

Those bursts of Reasoo's half-exttnguisti'd 

Those tears upon Cordelia's bosom shed, 
In doubt more touching than despair ? 

• Heated after tho Dinner on oeeaHon of 
Mr. Kemble', Uetirtmentfrom ike Stage. 

If 't was realMy he felt- 
Had Shakspcare's self amidst you been. 

Friends, hebad seen you melt, 
And triumph'd to have seen I 

And there was many an hour 
Of blended kindred fame, 

When Siddons* auxiliar power 
And Sister Magic came. 

Together at the Muse's side 
Her Tragic Paragons had grown— 

The v were the children of her pride. 
The columns of her throne. 

And undivided 

From heart to heart la their applause-- 
8nve for me gallantry of Man, 

la lovelier Woman's cause. 
Fair as some classic dome 

Robust and richly gracM, 
Your Kemble's spirit was the home 

Of Genius and of Taste — 
Taste, like the silent dial's power, 

That, whan supernal light is given, 
Can measure Inspiration's hour. 

And tell its height in Heaven. 
At .once ennobled and correct, 
^ Hbrnia^sarvey'dtaeTractcaaees 

The Scholar could presage. 
These were his traits of worth— 

And must we lose them now t 
And shall the scene no more shew forth 

His sternly pleasing brow ? 
Alas ! the moral brings a tear 

*Tis all a transient hour below. 
And we that would detain thee here 

Ourselves as fleetly go. 
Yet shall our latest age 

This parting scene review— 
Pnde of the British Stage* 

A long and last Adieu! 

From Uw Moettlr U«pzl«u 



Tans— « My Peggy is ayoung thing." 

THE heart's a sweet but mild flowV. 
That needs a sheltering band i 
£ith a little care, 'twill blossom fair, 
With a little care, beyond compare ; 

But, oh ! when ooce the tender bud 

Has felt the nipping blast, 
It may linger for a moment, 

But its beauty fades at last. 

If the worm, that feeds in secret, 

Is at the fair flow Ys root, 
The only way the foe to slay, 
Is to pluck the root itself away r 
So secret grief will pray anon 

The fibres of the heart; 
And voo must tear the life away 

Before you find the s 

Then, nil that grief can utter 

f s wept o'er the remains. 
In many a tear, as pure and dear 
As ever dropt from Pity's sphere : 

Yet what avails the flow'r, when once 
The ground its beauties strew, 

™!2?-V I* witbrr,d leiwei may glitter 
With the morning's brightest dew! 

Kentish-Tow*, June 28, 1817. 


Digitized by 



London Literary and Philosophical JntelUgcnci* 


From the M***d**LU*m$ Gosoffe. 


\MJ HEN nrst I measured with my goat, 
yy Aod he was taller of the two, 
My Infant heart began to doat 

On lovely Chloe'l eyes of blue. 
E'en then I thought her form somir 

Useem'd of more than ismrtal birth; 
Her voice, her smile, her winning air 

To Bought could he comuar'd oo earth. 
Her heart a mouotafo shepherd bless*d 

Ere 1 had words to teU my love | 
Tet something la my looks expressed, 

I too coald food and faithful prove. 
Tor once she said M Go simple boy"— 

And press'd opoo my lips a kiss— 
*• You still with Love may safely toy : 

Tooth guarded from his pains and bliss/' 
At length, alas 1 I've reaeb'd that state, 

When mao begins to love in troth— 
TOiere many itormy passions wait 

To chase the p ea c e f ul scenes of youth. 
Still Chine's days are days of joy, 

Forming her shepherd's only bliss ; 

She thinks not of her loving boy— 

But I remember well her kiss. 
BtfL mi. A. T. P. 

From tke Monthly Magazine. 

Br Jambs Eomevtow. 
rWlHOSE chords ore the reins of my soot, 
A And thon dost direct me along, 
Liken courser that bends to control, 
larough the turning* and windings of song} 
With the dance of those fingers 

My rpiri ts are glad. 
But. vrneo the sound lingers, 
They droop aod are sad ; 
For the gloom of my spirit, or summer shine, 
Sorceress, follow that spell of thine! 
To many a vision enwrougbt, 

From the spindle of phantasy bright. 
Those notes were the wings of my thought. 
And thou hast directed tbeir flight ; 
The city's rattle. 

Or mead and flower ; 
The roar of the battle, 
Or lady's bower; 
Bach has arisen to Fancy's eye, 
While thon the enchantress sat charming by. 
jtug. 1S\7. 



APIeaslngvolnme under the title of a Pic 
tMreamuWtwr through FnmctySwittartmnd, 
amdpartfftht Netherlands,)** pubtished,wUl 
serve either to convey just notions to the fire- 
side traveller, or the tourist who chooses to 
> the route of the author. For this last b provided with maps of the route, 

A Supplement to Junius Identified, is pub- 
lished coatisttagof/ae*simt11esof Hand-writing 
and other iUustmtiens. 

Madame de Scad's posthumous work, eoti- 
Oed " The French Revolution." in three octa- 
vo volumes, is about to be published. The two 
first volumes embrace the erafrom tbeadminis- 
tratioh of her father to the battle of Waterloo : 
the third is devoted to England. 

We have great pleasure in announcing the 
commencement of another of those useful col- 
lections which are honourable testimonies of 
the present general thirst of knowledge, by 
she title of the Oxford Encyclopaedia, or Dic- 
tionary of Arts, Science*, and General Litera- 
ture. It will be published in 95 parts, form* 
ing, when complete, five 4to volumes. 

The regulations recommended by the Com- 
mittee efthe House of Commons appoinu«d to 
consider of the means of preventing the mis- 
chief arising from explosion on board Steam- 
boats are as follows : 

That all steam-packets carrying passengers 
for hire should he registered at the port near- 
oat the place from or to which tucy proceed. 

Thnt nil boilers belonging to the engines by 
which such vessels shall be worked should be 
composed of wrought iron or copper. 

That every boiler on board such steam-pack- 
oai *NniM. previous to the packet being used 
fof the conveyance of passengers, be subroit- 
t>#tothe inspection of a skilful engineer, or 
other person conversant with the subject, who 

should ascertain, by trial, the strength of such 
boiler, and should certify his opinion of its 
sufficient strength, nnd of the security with 
which it might be employed to the extent pro- 

That every such boiler, should be provided 
with two sufficient safety valves, one of which 
should be inaccessible to the engine man, and 
the other accessible both to him and to the 
persons on board the packet 

That the inspector snail examine such safety 
valves, and shall certify what is the pressure 
at which such safety valves shall open, which 
pressure shall not exceed one-third of thnt by 
which the boiler has been proved, ndP one- 
sixth of that which, by calculation, it shall be 
reckoned able to sustain. 

That a penalty should be inflicted on any 
person placing additional weight en either of 
the safety valves. 

Observations of the Natural History of the 
Swallow Tribe, with collateral statements of 
facts relative to their Migration, nnd to their 
brumal torpidity » and n copious table of ref- 
erence to authors | illustrated by figures of 
five species, engraved on wood by Willis: to 
which is added, a general Catalogue of Brit- 
ish Birds, with the Provincial Names for each, 
Ac. byT. FonsTE*, is just published. 

The Rev. David Wiluam* will have ready 
for publication in the middle of September, in 
one volume 12me, The Preceptor s Assistant, 
or School Examiner in Universal Hbtory, 
Science, aod L : terature, containing a compre- 
hensive aod interestii.g view of the liberal and 
polite Arts; 2d1y, the Useful and Mechanic 
Arts ; 3dly, the Fine Arts ; 4tnly, Universal 
History • and Sthly, Science and Literature 
in general. 

Lately as three men employed on the new 
works carrying on t ShcerLess dock-yard, 

Digitized by 


160 London Idkrary and Philosophical InteUigeTice. [vol. 2. 

were descending in the divine bell, ••me Bridge, that Mr. Stevenson was induced, ta 
accident occurred, and the signal to he drawn 1815 and 1816, to extend hit observations to 
up not being understood by the men above, that river by a train of experiments fromaboot 
two out of the three were unfortonatelv opposite to Billingsgate all the way to Graves- 
drowned; the one who wassaved made his end. Opposite to the gates of the London 
escape from under the bell, which the others Docks the waters of the Thames were found 
were unable to effect: as soon as recovered to be perfectly fresh throughout $ at Black- 
die bodies were taken to the surgery, and wall, even hi spring tides, the water wan 
; animation, but nnha p found to be only slightly saline : at Woolwich 

j used to restore l . . „ „ ._„ 

oily without effect. the proportion of salt water increases, and 

Animal Magnetism. — This quackery has so on to Gravesend. But the strata of salt and 
gone to such a pitch upon the Continent, that fresh water is less distinctly marked in the 
• *« Society of Magnetism 1 * has been formed, Thames than sn any of those rivers io which) 
and a prospectus issued at Paris, of a quarter- Mr. 8tevenson has hitherto had an opportuni- 
ty publication of their " Jfomoires," at the ty of making observations. These inquiries 
price of eight francs a Number ! ! be means to extend to most of the principal 

The Tavistock Canal, forming n commu- rivers in the kingdom. From the series of ob- 

nlcatioo between the town of Tavistock and nervations made at and below London Bridge, 

the river Tamar was opened on the 94th of compared with the river as far an as Kew and 

June. It was commenced in 1809. and has Oxford, Mr. Stevenson is of opinion that the 

cost about 70,000/. The Duke of Bedford waters of the Thames seldom change, but are 

who is the proprietor of one eighth of the coo- probably carried up and down with the tarn 

cern, has very liberally contributed to its of the alternate tides for an indefinite period, 

support, by giving to the Company the whole which, In his opinion, may be one, if not the 

of the land through which the canal is cut principal cause of the extreme softness of the 

Though its level is about 380 feet above that waters of the Thames. 

of the Tamar, it runs for a mile and three Mr. Stevenson has made similar experimenta 

quarters io a tunnel cnt under MorweH Down on the rivers forth and Tay, and nt Loch Ell, 

at the depth of 450 feet from the summit of where the Caledonian Canal joins the Western 

the hill. Ocean. The aperture of Curran Ferry, for 

— * — ~ - •* ...... ........ ^ r 

The late Mr. Ri cslaud Lovmx Eon kworth the tidal waters of that loch, being small 
is said to have left some memoirs of his life, pared with the surface of Loch EU, which 
which will soon be given to the public. forms the drainage to a great extent of conn- 

A translation of Oufiia's Elementary Tree- try, it occurred to Mr. Stevenson that the ws- 
tise of Chemistry will shortly appear. ter of the surface must have less of the salipe 

A gentleman of Bristol Is about to publish, particles than that of the bottom. He accord- 
from authentic sources, a Narrative of the ly raised water from the surface at the no- 
Life of Caraboo, the extraordinary female cnorage off Fort William, and found it to be 
impostor. who recently appeared in the neigh- 1008,i; at the depth of nine fathoms, 1025,5 t 
bourhood of that citv. at the depth of 30 fathoms io the central parts 

The eighth Edition of Dr. Chalmers's Dis- of the loch, 1027,3 < indicating the greater 
courses, is now io the Press. Since February specific gravity, consequently more of the 
last, between 10 and 17,000 Copies of this saline parts as the depth of the water b in- 
popular work has been printed ; a satisfacto- creased. 

rv indication, that in these favoured realms Shortly will appear a new edition of the 
the spirit of piety and religion maintains a Abridgement of MnswortiCs Laiim Dictionary, 
blessed ascendancy even in times of laxity, in- revised by J. Cauey, LL. D. 
novation, and scepticism. Madame Genlis, of revolutionary and litera- 

At a late meeting of the Royal Society of rv celebrity, lately retired to a Convent of 
Edinhu-gb, a paper by Mr. Stevenson, civil Carmelites, but growing weary of solitude, 
enginWr, on the operation of the waters of she left the Convent after a few days, and re- 
tbe ocean and of the river Dee in the basin or turned to her family. 

harbour of Aberdeen was read. It appears The favourite project of Napoleon, for im- 
that the author in the month of April 1813, proving the harbour of Dieppe, upon which, 
with the aid of an instrument of which he ex- undertaking more than 9,000 men were em- 
hibited a drawing, raised salt water from the ployed, until his banishment to Elba, is now 
bottom while the surface was quite fresh, and renewed with spirited activity. Last Satnr- 
that he has satisfactorily ascertained that the day 300 men were engaged, and 700 more will 
tidal or salt waters keep in a distinct stratum be employed. The Authorities at Dieppe 
or layer under the fresh water of the river have contracted to finish the excavations in 
, Dee. This anomaly in regard to the salt and five weeks. 

fresh waters appears In a very striking .man- The picture of David, representing Cupid 
ner at Aberdeen, where the fall of the Dee is and«Psycbe, bas been purchased by the Count 
such as to cause the river waters to run down of Soromaravi, for 90.000 francs, 
with a velocity which seems to increase as the The Dey of Tripoli has presented the Prince 
tide rises in the barbour, and smoothes the bed Regent with such remains of antiquity as are 
of the river. These observations show that moveable at Lebyda, which is famous for be- 
the salt water insinuates itself under the fresh, ing the site of Carthage. The Weymouth 
and that the river is lifted bodily upward ; storeship, Mr. Turner commanding, is now on 
thus producing the regular effect of flood and her voyage thither, for the purpose of icceiv- 
ebb tide in the basin, while the river contiu- ing and carrying to England those ancient 
ues to flow downward with a current which monuments which are represented as highly 
for a time seems to Increase as the tide rises. curious, and illustrative of that once splendid 

These facts with regard to the continual capital. It is stated that the Dey has offered 
course of the Dee downward, present sneb a protection, as far as his authority extends,4o 
contrast to the operation of the waters of the any European who is willing to attempt turn 
Thames, as seen toy a spectator from London journey from Tripoli to TomEactoo, 

Digitized by 



lMal4MtfAlT,br Masrat artfaacfc. 






ANEW, volume of Tales has just ap- Phoenix of the hoar ; and half a dozen 

peared from the pleasing and proli- smart quips with as many happy turns of 

£c pen of Madame de Qentis, whose ge- expression or bon mots, will introduce to 

Bios seems to resemble more than any every company of that arousing city, the 

lady's of our acquaintance, that of the admired mortal who possesses the faculty 

accomplished Scheherazade, whose in- of being neat or epigrammatic in con ver- 

veotion saved her head under a tyranny sation, and above all in what we are apt 

almost as odious and sanguinary as that to consider the most useful property in 

f>f the French Revolution, from which old nurses, relating little fables for the 

our fair authoress had also the good for- entertaintment of circling auditors. la 

tune to escape. These Tales are five in England a certain degree of reputation 

Dumber, and we can assure the writer, may indeed be formed from Joe Miller 

that, were we even as severe in our criti- and his modern imitators ; the pun oft 

cal chair as the Arabian Sultan was cruel repeated, the jest an hundred times told, 

oo bis despotic throne, we should feel the brief anecdote rendered long and the 

our resentment equally disarmed,and our sharp repartee made dull by immemorial 

resolution to decapitate, (or according to usage — these are the stock in trade of a 

the reviewing phrase, " cut up") the few unfortunate witlings among us, and 

narrator still more largely postponed than serve them as species of passports into 

from night to morning by the gratifies- parties which are denominated literary, 

tion we have received from her agreeable because they neither drink punch nor 

exertions. play at whist ; and informed, because the 

The talent for story-telling is one names of the newest authors are heard 

Which the French cultivate more sedu- intermixed with relations of the newest 

krasry and successfully than we do. With scandal. But still we are only plodding 

them it is not only benefialal in the clos- at an immense distance behind our Gal- 

et, but of eminent advantage in society. He neighbours. They meet often and 

in the coteries of Paris, the best Racoru- professedly as children gather round a 

fear is the leading person of the evening kitchen fire, to recite and hear tales of 

— the observed of all observers— the ghost or fairy, of love or murder, of fatal 

X A tMPrBMM . Tel. 5 intrigue or suceessfal gallantry, ef m eta l 

Digitized by 


163 Zuma : a Tab, by Madame de GcidU. [tol. 2 

instruction or questionable decency. Ma* be so classed) meeting in death. There 
sic, and ices, and the occasional excita- is a beauty and enthusiasm — a taste and 
tion of gambling give variety to these en- imagination — a fancy and sad conviction 
tertainments, and after they have run the of reality about this tale which would 
round of the salon*, the most favoured have pressed it upon us irresistibly for 
efforts of invention issue from the press selection, but that much of its effect de* 
for the amusement of the demi-barbariana pends upon the original language, and 
of the provinces and foreign countries, that it would occupy more of our space 
who do not breathe within the sole circle than can be spared with justice from oth- 
of fashion and civilization — Paris. er matters. We admire it so highly 

To such source are we indebted for a however that we will not pledge our- 
multitude of the Contes with which the selves not to reprint it in some of our fu- 
French language teems ; a language, be ture numbers, though we must now pasa 
it remarked, peculiarly adapted to this to what will furnish an adequate notion 
species of composition. We know not, of the merits of this volume, namely, 
fowever, whether Madame de Genlis is ZUMA, 

now much addicted to the intercourse of Ou la dicauverle de Quinquina. 
Parisian life, or retired in ber habits — About the middle of the seventeenth 
whether she mixes with the throng to ac- century, the animosity of the Indians to* 
quire fresh ideas and later combinations, wards the Spaniards existed in all its 
or draws upon the stores of early acconv- force ; tradition, too faithful, maintained 
plishments. Certainly there is nothing among this oppressed and devoted peo* 
exclusively appropriated to the present pie the dreadful recollection of the cm- 
day in ber last publication. Two of the elty of their conquerors. . They were 
subjects only grow out of the Revolution, subjugated, but had not submitted. The 
and the other three embrace the romance Spaniards had only conquered slaves, 
of a former era or the circumstances of and their reign was merely the dominion 
distant climes and remoter ages. Their of terror. About this period a Viceroy, 
titles are — " Zuma ou la Decouverte more severe than all who had preceded 
duQuiuquina — La BellePaule — Zeneide him, excited their powerless and secret 
ou la perfection ideale — Les Roaeaux hatred to its utmost extent. His Secre- 
du Tibre — La Veuve de Luzi." tary, the rigorous Minister of bis arbitntr 

As we intend to submit a transla- ry will, was a man of insatiable cupidi- 
tion of the first tale entirely to our read- ty ; and the Indians detested him even 
ers as a specimen of the work, we shall m »re than they did his master. He 
confine ourselves to notice that this pref- died suddenly and the horrid symptoms 
erence arises from its being the most which preceded his death, induced a uni- 
dramatic of these productions and the versal belief that he bad been poisoned by 
most conformable to our limits. Of the the Indians. Investigations were insti- 
othere we shall content ourselves with tuted, but the criminals remained undis- 
saying, that La Belle Paule is a piece of covered. This event occasioned a great 
early chivalry, which mi° ht have been sensation, for it was not the first crime of 
an Episode in the *' Knights of the the same description which had occurred 
, Swan :" — Zeneide a well written fairy among the Indians. It was well known 
tale ; la Veuve de Luzi a very simple that they were acquainted with various 
and pathetic story of a widow, whose mortal poisons : they had oftener than 
only son is one of the victims of that in- once been detected in ad ministering them; 
, fernal system called Conscription : and but neither torture nor tbe punishment of 
Les Roseaux du Tibre one of the most death, had been successful in drawing 
affecting and elegant as well as feeling from them any confession of these dread* 
compositions of the kind we have ever ful secrets. 

read. He tells with a touching simplic- In the meanwhile the Viceroy was re- 
ity and refined sensibility the fate of two called ; and Count de Cinchon was ap- 
lovers in humble life, separated by the pointed by the Court of Spain to fill his 
reign of teiror, and after many adven- place. The Count was in. tbe vigour of 
aires (if the transactions of the heart may his age, and endowed with every amiable* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


Zuma : a Tide, by Madame de Gerdis. 


quality and every virtue, calculated to with feelings of injustice and tyranny 
conciliate the affection and win the con- and a thirst for wealth. In -vain were 
fidenoe of all around him. He had a they informed that tbe Court was mild, 
short time before married a charming humane and equitable ; they repeated 
young lady, whom he adored, and by one to the other, he is a Spaniard ! and 
whom he was passionately beloved. The these words conveyed the most energetic 
Countess had resolved on following her expression of hatred. Religion bad not 
husband, who dreading, on her account, yet modified these impetuous feelings, 
the perfidy and hatred of the Indians, her sublime morality was hitherto un« 
expressed a wish that she should remain known to the Indians. Their rulers had 
in Spain, notwithstanding the distress merely compelled them to observe a few 
which the very thought of such a separa- exterior ceremonies, and they still retain- 
tion excited in his mind. But the Coon- ed a great portion of their former super- 
teas was filled with terrors when she re- station and idolatry. 
fleeted, that her husband would be ex- Amidst all their misery, the Indians 
posed to all the dark conspiracies of ha- had exercised, ever since the conquest of 
tied and revenge. The facts attested by America, a secret vengeance which had 
the late Viceroy, and above all his exag- not yet roused the suspicion of any Span- 
gerated recitals, represented the Indians iard ; they had been forced to yield to 
as vile slaves, who, under the mask of their oppressors the gold and diamonds 
docility, and even attachment, were ca- of the new world, but they bad conceaj- 
pable of plotting in secret the blackest ed from them treasures more precious 
-and most criminal treachery. Surpris- and more useful to humanity. Though 
lag stones were related of the ioconceiv- they bad resigned to thein all the luxury 
able rabtilty of the poisoos of South of nature, they had exclusively reserved 
America, and indeed without exaggera- real benefits to themselves. They alone 
tk>n.* The alarm which these dreadful knew the powerful counter-poisons and 
ideas excited in the mind of tbe Count- wonderful antidotes which cautious na- 
ess, proved an additional motive in de- ture or rather Providence has distribute 
termioing her to follow the Viceroy, that ed over these regions as remedies against 
she might watch over bis safety with all extreme disorders. The Indians alone 
the precautions of fear and all the vigi- .were aware of the admirable virtues of 
lance of love. She took along with her the Bark of the Quinquina, and by a sol- 
some Spanish ladies, who were to com- emn and faithfully observed compact, by 
pose her Court at Lima, and among them the most dreadful and frequently renew- 
was the intimate friend of her childhood, ed oaths, they had pledged themselves 
Beatrice, (for this was her name,) was never to reveal to their oppressors these 
only a few years older than tbe Vice- important secrets.* 
Queen; but the attachment she enter- Amidst the rigours of slavery the In- 
tained for her was of so tender a nature, dians had always maintained a kind of 
that it resembled the affection of a moth- internal government among themselves ; 
er. She had used every effort to per- they nominated a chief whose mysterious 
suade the countess to remain at Madrid, functions consisted in assembling them 
but finding that her resolution was unal- together during the night, at certain pe- 
terably fixed, she determined to accom- riods, to renew their oaths and sometimes 
pany her. for the purpose of marking out victims 

Though the Indians were overjoyed among their enemies. Tbe Indians of 
at being freed from the yoke of their the townships, who enjoyed greater free* 
Viceroy, they were not the better dispos- dom than those who were subjected to 
ed to receive his successor. He was service in the palace of the Viceroy, and 
a Spaniard, and they consequently ex- who were employed in the public works, 
pected that he would be animated only never failed to join these nocturnal as- 
• Prom tbe arconnts of Travellers and Na- semblies, which were held amongst the* 
taralists, there are in America certain plants mountains in desert places, the only ac- 
tfftoftfiomons a nature, that the poison takes eess to which was by-roads which ap- 

•STect on those who happen to step upon them* L-. 

even with shoes on their feet. * These details ate all historical. 

Digitized by 


164 Zuma: a tak+bf Mddemt <k G**i*. |vou* 

Kred impassable to the European* darkness ! Unhappy children of the 
t these retreats were to them, if not San, we are reduced to conceal our- 
tbe bappy asylums of liberty, at least the selves amidst the shades of night ! . . . . 
sole refuge which could protect them Let us renew around the Trtt of H^ n lih 
against tyranny. At this time, their se- the aw fill contract whics> binds on for 
cret and supreme chief (for they bad ever to conceal our secrets.' 9 Ximeo 
several), was named Ximeo. Irritated then, in a more elevated and turn voice, 
by misfortune and private injustice, his pronounced the following words : u Wo- 
soul, though naturally great and gener- swear never to discover to the chtldmn of 
oua, had long since been a stranger to Eurose the divine virtues of the seared 
every mild and tender sentiment, A tree, toe only tpeaanre that remains tonal 
feeling of vehement indignation, which Woe to the faithless and perjured India©? 
no principle tended to repress, bad, by who, being seduced by false virtues or 
daily increase, at length rendered him fear, or weakness, shall reveal tfafo sextet 
cruel and ferocious • But the base and to the destroyers of his Gods, of his eev- 
cowardly atrocity of poisoning was re- eceigns, and of his country ! Woe te> 
Dugnaot to his character. He himself the coward who sbatl make a gift of this) 
had never employed this horrible iastra- treasure of health to the JU r hariana who 
mentof revenge, he had even interdict- have enslaved us, and wjaont an o ea tors 
ed it to his companions, and every act burned our temples and citiesy invaded 
of villainy committed in that way waa our plains, and bathed theif hands in the 
done in contradiction to his will. Ximeo. Wood of our fathers, after having inflicted 
was a father, he bad an only son named on them unheard-of torment* I .... Let 
Mirvan whom he fondly loved and th&n keep the gold which they have 
whom he bad inspired with a portion of wrested from us, and of which they are 
bis hatred of the Spaniards. Mirvan was insatiable; that gold which has coat then 
young, handsome and generous. About so many crimes : but we will at least 
three years More, be had been married reserve to ourselves this gift of Heaven ! 
to Zuma, the most beautiful of all the .... Should a traitor ever arise amongst 
Indian women of the environs of Lima, us, we swear to pursue and exterminate 
The tenderness and sensibility of Zuma him, tbo' he should be our father, our 
were equal to the charms of her person ; .brother, or our son. We swear, should 
she formed the happiness of her husband, he be engaged in the bonds of marriage, 
and lived only for him and for a child, to pursue in him his wife and children, 
two years of age, of which she was the if they have not been his accusers ; and 
mother. if his children are in the cradle, to sacri* 

Another chief, named Azan, next to ficetbera,sothat bis guilty race may be for- 
Ximeo, possessed the greatest ascen- ever extinct .... My friends, pronounce 
daoce over the Indians. Azan was vio- from your inmost souls, these formidable 
lent and cruel, and no natural virtue tern- oaths, the formula of which waa bequeath- 
pered the instinct of fury by which ho ed to you by voir grandfothers^eud which 
was constantly animated. These two you have already so many times repeat- 
chiefs believed themselves to be of illus- ed !".... " Yes, yea, the Indians ex- 
trious origin, they boasted of their de- claimed with one voice, we pronounce 
scent from the royal race of the Incas. all these imprecations against htm who 
A few days after the arrival of the shall betray this secret ; we swear to 
new Viceroy, Ximeo convoked, for the keep it with inviolable fidelity, to endure 
following night, a nocturnal meeting oty the most dreadful torments and even 
the hill of the Ti-ec of Health, thus tbey death itself, rather than reveal it" 
designated the tree from which is obtaiu- " Look back," said the ferocaoua Azan, 
ed the Quinouina, or Peruvian Bark. " on the early days of our subjection, at 
*• My friends,* he said, when they had that terrible period when millions of Jn* 
all collected, " a new tyrant is about to dians were put to the torture, not one would 
reign over us : let us repeat our oaths of save his life by the disclosure of this se- 
just revenge. Alas ! we dare utter cret, which our countrymen have kept 
them only when we are surrounded by locked within their bosoms for more than 

Digitized by 



Zuma : a tale, by Mdbtoe de GenKa. 


two hundred years ! . . . . Judge then natural generosity of her character, she 
whether we can invent a punishment yielded to every sinister, alarm and every 
sufficiently severe for him who may be- black suspicion, which gloomy distrust 
tray it ! . „ . . For my own part, I once and terror were capable of inspiring : 
more swear that if there be an Indian she was excusable ; it was her friend's 
among us capable of such a crime, that safety, and not her own, that excited her 
he shall perish only by my hand ; and apprehensions ! She observed with die- 
should he have a wife, and children tress the friendship of the Vice-queen 
sucking at their mother's breast, I again for an Indian female, and the women of 
swear to plunge my poigaard in- their the Countess conceived an extreme jea- 
hearts !".... lousy of Zuma. They took advantage 

This ferocious speech was not pro- of the weakness of Beatrice to fill her 
pounced without a design. Azan haled mind with prejudice : they represented 
the young Mirvan, the son of Xiraeo, Zuma as being false, dissembling and 
not merely Because he did not carry his ambitious, and one who fancied that ber 
animosity against the Spaniards to a suf- pleasing person would pardon every act 
ficient length, but above all because Mir- of presumption ; that she was far from 
vin, the adore/l husband of the beautiftil loving the Countess, and that she enter* 
2uma, and the father of a charming child, tamed an inveterate abhorrence of the 
was happy. The wicked are always un- Spaniards, They soon went still greater 
fortunate and always envious. "Azan," lengths, and attributed to her the most 
replied Mirvan, M it is possible to ke^p extravagant discourse. Beatrice did not 
one's promise without possessing voor indeed give credit to all that was related 
ferocity ; no one here is capable of per- to her, but she conceived a degree of in- 
jury ; your menaces can therefore excite quietude and distrust whicrAnsprred her 
no terror, and are useless.. We all know with a real aversion for Zuma. This 
that in excuse for cruelty you neither enmity became the stronger when she 
want o traitor to pursue nor a crime to found that Zuma was immoveably fixed 
punish." Azan, irritated, was about to in the good graces of the Vice-queen, 
reply ; but Ximeo prevented a violent who daily testified more and more at- 
dispute, by representing the imprudence tacbment towards the object of so much 
and danger of uselessly prolonging these hatred, injustice and calumny. Zuma, 
clandestine assemblies, and all imrnedi- on her part, entertained (he tenderest af- 
alely dispersed. faction for the Countess ; nevertheless, 

. The Indians being forced to dissem- to avoid disagreeable scenes, she almost 
ble, maintained an appearance of respect wholly coo fined herself to her own 
and submission. A numerous troop of chamber, and seldom appeared except 
young Indian women, carrying baskets when the Countess required her services, 
of flowers assembled at the gates of Lima The Viceroy spared no endeavours to 
to receive the Vice-queen. Zuma was render himself beloved by the Indians : 
at their head, and the Countess was so but the latter had known instances of 
struck with her beauty, her grace, and several Viceroys having manifested mild- 
tbe gentle expression of her countenance, ness, justice, and affability at the com- 
that in the course of a few days she ex- men cement of their government, who af- 
pressed a wish to have her among the terwards belied all these happy promires. 
number of Indian slaves, who were em* Thus the real goodness of the Count 
ployed in the interior of the palace for made no favorably impression upon them. 
the senrice of the Vice-quejen. The They regarded it as hypocrisy or weak- 
Countess quickly conceivedsuch a friend- ness occasioned by fear on account of 
ship for Zuma that she attached her to the sudden death of the secretary of bis 
the private service of her chamber and predecessor. 

her person. This favor seemed an act of The Countess had now resided about 
imprudence in the eyes of Beatrice, four months at Lima, and a visible de- 
whose mind was so prepossessed by the dine had taken place in her health, 
accounts she had heard of the perfidy of This distressing change was at first at- 
the Indians, that, notwithstanding the tributed to the burning heat of the cli- 

Digitized by 


100 Zuma : a Tale, by Madame de Genii*. [vol. 2 

mate ; but her indisposition daily tug- of the patient, kindled a ray of nope 
men ted, alarm was entertained for her which beamed for the space of a day or 
safety, and she was at length suddenly two. The physician, overjoyed, pro- 
attacked with a tertian fever. Every nounced her recovery to be almost cer- 
remedy known at that period was em* tain, suspicion gradually slumbered, and 
ployed without effect. The anxiety of Beatrice seemed restored to new exii- 
Beatrice knew no bounds ; she privately tence. She did not however revoke the 
questioned the physician who had come private orders she had given, for secretly 
from Spain in the suite of the Viceroy, watching Zuma, and never permitting 
but who, regarding the case as hopeless, her to enter the chamber in which were 
spoke in a mysterious way, and even deposited the various medicinal draughts 
hinted that be attributed the illness of prepared for the Countess, 
the Countess to aome extraordinary Amidst all these different agitations, 
cause, of which he could give no account, the thoughts of the innocent and sensible 
His air of dismay and apparent wish to Zuma were turned wholly on the Vice- 
conceal h»3 real opinon, al] tended to in- queen, whom she loved with all the sin- 
spire Beatrice with the horrible idea that cerity of a pure and grateful soul. She 
ber friend was dying by the effect of v as afflicted to the utmost on reflecting 
slow poison. . . . She enjoyed not a mo- that there existed an infallible remedy to 
ment's rest : though she cautiously hid which she dared npt direct her. Zuma 
her suspicions from the Countess, and will knew the horrible oaths by which 
even from the Count, yet she found it the Indians had bound themselves never 
impossible to dissemble with two of the to reveal this secret. Had her own life 
Countess's women, who used every ef- alone been marked out as the sacrifice, 
fort to strengthen' the notion she had inn- she would not for a moment have hesita- 

bibed But who could have commit- ted to divulge all she knew ; but ber 

ted this horrible crime ? ... . None but husband and her son must have been the 

Zuma Zuma, who was privileged certain victims of such a declaration: 

to enter the apartment of the Vice-queen finally, she was aware that the vindictive 
at every hour. . .. . But Zuma, whom the Ximeo, the better to insure himself of ber 
Countess had overwhelmed with acts of discretion, had placed her beloved child 
bounty ! . . • . What interest could have as a hostage in the hands of the ferocious 
prompted her to this atrocity ? Hatred Azan and Thamis, another Indian Chief, 
is 'ever ready with replies to serve her who, though less cruel than Azan, was 
own purposes ! . . . . Zuma was hypo- animated by an equal hatred of the Span- 
critical, vain and ambitious, and she iards. Zuma, therefore, dared not con- 
moreover entertained a secret and crimi- fide ber grief to Mirvan ; she smothered 

nal passion for the Viceroy In a her tears, and deplored ber fate in silence. 

word, she was an Indian, and had been Her affliction was suddenly increased, 
familiarised from her infancy with the for the feeble hope which had been en- 
blackest of crimes. tertained of the Countess's recovery ,sooa 
Beatrice for some time laboured to re- vanished ; the fever returned with re- 

Sel these horrible suspicions, but she be- doubled violence, the physician declar- 
eld the existence of her friend rapidly ed her life to be in danger, and that the 
declining, and her terror no longer al- Countess could not support another such 
lowed her to reason and observe with attack, should it be renewed within 
her own eyes ; she lent a ready ear to* twelve days or a fortnight . . . . ! Unw 
every accusation, and gave credit to the versal dismay prevailed throughout the 
most extravagant calumny. In the palace... .! This cruel declaration plun- 
mean-while, the Viceroy experienced the ged the Count and Beatrice into despair, 
bitterest anguish of mind, and without and rent the heart of Zuma. The Vice- 
imagining the commission of any crime, queen, who was fully aware of hersiuia* 
he felt the utmost alarm at the long con- tion, manifested as much courage as gen* 
tinuation of the Countess's indisposition, tleness and piety ; the resignation ol the 
However, a favorable change in the state happiest life, when accompanied by toe 

Digitized by 



Zuma : a Tale, by Madame de Genlis. ******- l71 

consciousness of perfect purity, is always 
a calm sacrifice : she received, by her 
own desire, all her sacraments. She 
took a tender farewell of her. friend and 
her husband, having exhorted the latter 
to watch over the happiness of the In- 
dians, and particularly that of her dear 
Zuma ; and she resigned herself wholly 
to the consolations of religion. Zuma, 
' who had been a witness to this pathetic 
scene, could no longer withstand the 
excess of her grief ; her health, which 
had been in a declining state for the 
space of three months, now yielded to 
the weight of her affliction, and she was 
attacked that very evening with the dis- 
order which threatened the life of the 
Countess, the tertian fever. After she 
had sustained two or three violent attacks, 
Mirvan, with the consent of the Indians, 
secretly conveyed to her the precious 
powder which was to operate her cute, 
on condition, however, that she should 
not be entrusted with it in any large quan- 
tity, but should daily receive an allowance 
sufficient for one dose. Zuma received 
in the morning the first dbee, which was 
to be taken before she retired to rest in 
the evening. When she was alone, she 
Roked steadfastly on the powder, her 
countenance was bathed in tears, and 
raising her eyes to heaven, " Great God !" 
she exclaimed," I am inspired by thee ! 
.... I can only save her, by sacrificing 
my own life ; my resolution is fixed — I 
will never disclose the mighty secret .... 
My death will expiate my compassion, 
even in their eyes : besides, they will 
never suspect such an act of devotion, 
and will attribute her cure to the help of 
medicine. I shall neither endanger the safe- 
ty of Mirvan nor my child ; I shall not be- 
tray the secretsof my countrymen. I shall 
die ; but the Countess will live. What 
signifies the existence of poor Zuma ? . . . 
and how precious is the life of that Daugh- 
ter of Heaven,. who has employed her 
power only to assist the unfortunate and 
eonsole the afflicted ; that generous Pro- 
tectress of all who pine in poverty and 
slavery, and whose faultering voice, but 
bow, sent forth a prayer for the cruel In- 
dians who suffer her to languish ! Oh, 
my Benefactress ! even though surround- 
ed by the shades of death, you did not for- 
get your faithful Zuma ! I heard your 
tips pronounce a blessing on her name 1 

....Yes, by tbe sacred light of the SSL 
I swear that I will save you." 

With these words Zuma wrapped up 
the powder of the Quinquina, concealed 
it in her bosom, and rose from her chair ; 
then suddenly stopping, she began to re- 
flect on the means of introducing herself 
unperceived into the closet where the 
drink intended for the Countess was 
placed. She had no idea of the suspi- 
cions entertained against her, nor of the 
precautions which had been adopted to 
render this closet inaccessible to her as 
well as the rest of the Indian slaves \ 
she merely supposed that since the illness 
of the Vice-Queen her Spanish women 
had appropriated to themselves the task 
of attending on her person, either through 
fear or jealousy, or one of those customs 
to which she had heard them so frequently 
allude, and which they termed etiquette. 
She resolved to enter the closet during 
the night, after the maid, who slept there 
had retired to rest; and in case of her 
being discovered, she had determined to 
say, anxiety had induced her to quit her 
chamber to enquire after the state of the 
Countess. At the same time, wishing to 
ascertain whether she could introduce her- 
self into the closet without passing through 
the apartment of the Vice-Queen, she de- 
scended into a long corridor, and having 
looked cautiously around her, she dis- 
covered a small side door, which, as she 
had previously supposed, communicated 
with the closet ; the key was in the lock, 
and she determined to enter in this way 
during the night. She then speedily 
returr-ed to her chamber. 

In conformity with the orders of Bea- 
trice, Zuma's conduct was watched with 
the utmost minuteness, and the servants 
of the palace hastened to inform Beatrice, 
that Mirvan had been to visit her that 
very day ; that ope of the maids who had 
been stationed al the door to listen to their 
conversation, had not been able to collect 
a single word in consequence ol the low 
tone of voice in which they discoursed, 
but that Mirvan wa*» excessively agitated 
on departing ; that Zuma had descended 
the staircase, had searched about the 
corridor, examining every door, and that 
on discovering that which led into the 
closet, she in dicated evident signs of fear, 
lc*t she should be surprised, and that 
she finally escaped to her own apartment. 

Digitized by 


106 ^X^* o/Sbofcty— ?*« «^^^lfeI8rt«lrflWCbilttne». [vol.% 

^^Batrtee shuddered it this recital, she apparent effort. . . . ftd looked 

Immediately foresaw that Zuma enter- around the chamber with a countenance 

tained the design of introducing herself which announced distress and fear ; she 

into the closet durfog the jiight; she listened for some time at the. door which 

ordered the woman to warn her of the communicated with the apartment of the 

moment when Zuma should quit her Vice-Queen : all was silent .... 

chamber, and at the same time directed Zuma then approached the table, on 

them to avoid entering the closet and to which a medicinal draught had been 
leave the key in the door. Beatrice placed in a decanter of crystal, for the 

without delay communicated aH she purpose of being administered to the 

fead heard to the Viceroy, who, without Countess ; she drew from her bosom the 

adopting her suspicions, was nevertheless paper containing the quinquina powder; 

filled wkh amazement at the story, and opened it and shook the powder into the 

agreed to conceal himself in the closet, decanter. The Viceroy seised with horv 

About one hour after sunset, the ser- ror rushed into the closet, exclaiming, 

▼ants came to inform Beatrice that Zuma ** Wretched 'woman ! what hate you 

was descending the staircase, but without thrown into the liquor ? w . . ..At 

any light and with all the precautions of this unexpected sight, at this terribte 

mystery and fear. Beatrice and the question, Zuma started with dismay, the 

Count immediately proceeded to their decanter fell from her hands and shivered 

place of concealment. In a few moments in pieces; she threw herself into a chair, 

they heard the door gently open, and uttering the words, lam undone / . . « 

Zuma appeared. She was pale and and swooned away, 
arembling, she walked slowly and with 



Frost tte Uunry Gazette. 


The Elegant of the Eighteenth Century, of the field, for gaming,- drinking, and 

SPRUNG from a stock of quality our horse -racing, and often excelled in many,' 

elegant bore some degree of nobility always in some of these accomplish* 

in feature and form : but from the scale ments. Idle as these habits might 1)e* 

of sinking, which had even then been go- they did not however disqualify the sprig 

4og on for a century and more, be ap- of quality from taking his degree, or from 

peared like a bright polished coin, the im- figuring in the beau monde, since the 

prestion of which was much effaced, and good tutor's assiduity always kept pace 

the intrinsic value greatly diminished: in with his pupil's neglect, and thus made 

a word be was light but very passable. up his leeway. 

Beloved by his father, and indulged At the expiration of his university sol 

too much by his mother, he was not al- disant studies, our elegant, having (earn* 

lowed to learn any laborious task ; of ed enough, and being a little in debt^ 

course, his private tutor had orders to My Lord, or Sir John, his father, seat, 

make hini appear as '.'^cently without him to make the tour of the most at- 

trouble as possible ; and he accordingly tractive parts of the Continent, accora- 

used to write his theses, translate the au- panied by his Reverend friend, unleqs. 

tbors in the dead languages, make Latin promoted in church preferment* or disf 

.and other verses for him, nay, sometimes gusted by the froward temper of his 

write a whole book in bis name, which charge, in which case a second man of 

gained him the reputation of a classic, a talent was found to varnish our elegant* 

poet or a politician, according to the ge- to skim the cream of authors for him, to 

nius and bent of the Reverend Mr, so and read to him at breakfast, and to keep 

so, who thus assisted his outset in life. him out of scrapes* 

During his stay at the university, he During the heir's residence on tji^ 

generally acquired a taste for the sports Continent, it frequently occurred that the 

Digitized by 


▼0L. I*] London Sketch* The Elegante of the 19th and 19th Centuries. 171 

juvenile eiceme* of his papa'slife induced formed, vulgar daughter of a retail snuff 
gout, or decay, from various causes and shop-man, a retired slop-seller, or with 
of various kinds, and produced a prema- the judaical spes gregis of an old clothes- 
ture death. My Lord or the Baronet now man turned money-lender; or, perchance, 
returned home, and occupied his allotted he disclosed his flame to a tallow-chan- 
ntuatioQ in the senate, or as a placeman dler's widow, or a great soap-boiler's 
at court If in the former, his fidus natural child, with the view, however, of 
Achates continued his services in return washing his hands of the business as soon 
for patronage, and made his speeches as possible. 

for him so eloquently, that if not obliged Here generally his grandmother, who 
Jo reply in the house, he continued to pass was a Right Honorable, died of grief; 
lor a man of high talent If unconnected his lady mother, who was a banker or 
with the legislature of his country, a host merchant's daughter, fell into fits for the 
of foreigners, imported by him, directed degradation of the family ; My Lord or 
his taste so exquisitely in painting, sculp- Sir John fell in love with another man's 
ture, architecture, poetry, and the other wife, or eloped with a respectable neigh- 
fine arts, that, added to dancing, fencing, hour's daughter, and either resided on 
and speaking a foreign language or two, the Continent for life, to avoid paying 
lie was accounted a nobleman of univer- the heavy damages of a trial for mm. con., 
sal knowledge and brilliant acquirements, or was shot through the thorax or 

Amongst the elegant's good qualities abdomen and expired by the hand of a 
Were politeness, and a respect for the fair hot-brained ensign in a marching regimen t, 
sex, mellowed by usage du monde aqd or a halfpay lieutenant in the navy, 
enhanced by natural humanity. Amid brother to the unfortunate young lady. 
his vices, obstinacy in opinion, personal — Sic transit gloria mundu 
conceit, luxurious habits, and credulity, _ 

were most conspicuous. These last led The P*eudo-E1eganl of the 19th Century. 
him into many errors, whilst a contempt Produced on the decline of the 18th 
for all domestic prejudices, lax principles century, the modern elegant come3 into 
respecting religion, and a devotion to what is called life in the commencement 
foreign manners, and foreign dependents, of the 19th, with which happy era he is 
generally brought his estates to the ham- identified, differing entirely from the age 
mer, and his other property to ruin. — in which his father flourished, and which 
Thousands expended on foreign cooks, we may fairly call the silver age, being a 
valets, quacks, and artists — tens of thoud- lighter period than the golden one, when 
ands on opera dancers, singers, actresses, all was sterling in the character of a 
and fashionable mistresses — scores of Briton. Since then, he has been changed, 
thousands lost to titled and other foreign and has passed through so many hands 
gamblers, with other large sums out of that he is scarcely recognisable. The 
which he was duped for pictures, books, present age, (following the immortal 
coins, .and antiquities, generally reduced Ovid,) we shall therefore consider as the 
by the age of thirty his fortune to some- age of brass, which is the one in which 
thing worse than nothing. our pseudo-elegant shines. 

Then, to redeem mortgages, pay off The son of a Baronet and of a Jewess, 
annuitants, rescue seizerf family plate and his relations of both sides of the house 
pictures, to defray the pension of four are of divers ranks and appearances. He 
French and Italian ladies placed upon has as uncles and cousins — peers, knights, 
halfway; to place six fiddlers and useful members of parliament, admirals, gen* 
envoys oo love missions on the retired erals, and opulent merchants : he has 
""at, to discharge a score and half of saucy also cousins and half uncles who are 
iscontented servants, and to keep up brokers and slop-sellers, tripe-shop and 
the establishment of Arabian horses, old-clothesmen, money-lendets and 
Spanish sheep, German musicians, Poodle orange-venders, prize-fighters and menial 
dogs, Muscovy ducks roonkies, parrots, servants. Amongst the former clashes 
Ac, the great man formed alliance with his relatives mostly cut him on account 
4be ^warf, hideous, blear-eyed, orde- of the mis-alliance of his father; and, 
T AfBferav. Vol. ft of the latter tribes, he QtUs the whole, **» 

Digitized by 



170 London Sketches— The Elegante of the lost and present Century. |*d. i 

cept one favoured money-broker, who every one of which, from the (bar-horse 
was found a useful person, and who, be* ctub, downwards, he played his part, be- 
ginning by cotLsimng the great man, end- ing thoroughly accomplished in the dress 
ed by being cozened by him. of a coachman, in the variety of his ocw- 

A long minority made our buck ex- femes, in the knowledge of all games, in 
treroely rich in ready money, besides the the making up a horse and selling him 
long and short annuities, the money out unsound or otherwise for ail times his 
at interest on bond and mortgage, the value, and often for ten times what he 
shares in public works, the consols, and paid for him, in doing a flat if he came 
reduced three per cents, which stock the in bis way, in slighting his superiors, in 
heir took good care to prove was by name buying every thin/*, and never overpay- 
and nature the same. ing for it, in knowing every throw-over, 

Born of a sickly habit, it was judged and in being let into every good thing 
unwise to torment so great a man with that's going, in always winning when 
useless learning ; and he was taken from tossing op, or hiding the horse for a 
a public school to prevent his being bored dinner and a dozen of Champagne, in 
with books. He was accordingly bred knowing the best horse, the best bottomed 
in the stable, and his first friends were man, and the best fighting cock in every 
John the coachman, and Dick Fig, the match, in coming too late for dinner, 
head groom: his first favorites were laughingatthedeepqatsceneina tragedy, 
Jenny the chambermaid, and a pointer appearing drunk at the opera, damning 
bitch. The two former taught him to the box-keepers, milling his grooms, 
ride, drive, drink purl and porter, and to treating women with indecent familiarity, 
spit through his teeth like a butcher : of bringing his dogs into compaiiy, and his 
the learning which he gained from the company often to the dogs, despising at! 
two latter, we can say nothing ; but he religion,and turning day into night, saving 
rewarded their services by ruining the himself and making others drunk, hoax- 
one, and by selling the other for sixty ing a parson or a man of letters, disput- 
guineas after telling a number of fabulous ing his bills, entering into expensive 
histories respecting her pedigree and good lawsuits, feeing attormes, making friends 
qualities, about which he knew just as with all the bailiffs, knowing all the horse- 
little as about his own. dealers and frail sisterhood by name, 

For a short time our elegant was sent and finally in finishing his fortune with- 
to the uuiversity ; but he proved his out one generous act by the age of 
spirit by getting expelled for thrashing a twenty-five ; — then, coming fAe chancel- 
proctor, and returned naturally to the lor for a while, looking at France to 
kennel and stable. When of age, he abuse it, returning, after selling bis town 
found an immensity of his property anti- and country mansions, shooting-boxes, 
cipated — not by being duped like his fa- &&, to the most expensive hotel, failing 
ther, or by foreign habits of sumptuous in getting married from over cupidity, 
ex(>ense, bat, by having sixty horses, trying to defeat his creditors by various 
twenty couple, of hounds, fifteen other manoeuvres, and to conclude his noble 
dogs, ten carriages, and two female slaves, career — going into the Bench, and doing 
(for such he made them) to grace his tri- them all ; — after which he may start 
timphs in the sporting field. Moreover again as fresh as a four-year old, give a 
he was a bad accomptant*; and although grand dinner to his old associates who 
he was always quarrelling with his ser- stamp his character for a prime fellow, 
vants about their charges, yet the latter and live the rest of his days on thw ex- 
continually made head against him. Be- perience which he has acquired, 
sides the interest on long-winded bills, life P. S. When writing the foregoin 
insurance, long credit, and the two hun- history, is was suggested to us by an 
dred percent, justly due t# fashionable elderly gentleman* that the deterioration 
trades-people, ran up to an enormous in the manners of the present generation 
'exten t arises from a long continued habit amongst 

Thus he was ushered into fashionable our nobility and gentry of breeding 
society, and belonged to all the clubs, at downwards. Thence, this present agg 

Digitized by 


fou %"] 'Legend* of Lampukm. — The SpaniawL 169 

of brass is called the em of counterfeit cannot possibly be an improvement; 
nobles sad gentlemen ; bat although a and these last cast such strong suspicions 
cross in breeding has been strongly re- on one aide of the question, that we are 
commended by cattle-dealers, yet the pot surprised at the habits and propensi- 
Ethiopian cross, (often introduced for ties of young men of fashion, -and only 
the love of the mammon of unrighteous- fear that the character of Lucretia has 
nass,) the stable,* and the pantry cross, vanished with the golden age. 


tarn thM Swojcm MaftOiM. 

TBE SPAJflAJtD. That quickness of invention so unfortu- 

AMONG the noble visitors assembled pately peculiar to women, prompted her 
at Bareges near the FrenchPyreoees, to shape a device which accident seemed 
none were* more distinguished than the to favour. Passing by the room where 
Conde Manuel del Tonnes and his her husbaud usually took his siesta, or 
beautiful wife Juana. The dispropor- evening repose ; she saw the door half- 
*k>o of their ages, characters, and exteri- opened, and the ill-fated packet lying 
era was a subject of surprize to every on a writing-table surrounded with 
young cavalier, and of pity to* every rouleaus and scattered dollars. The 
Spanish matron. His shrivelled 4o*t* faint light admitted by the closed ja- 
iiead, bloated eyes, and cadaverous com- louses of the chamber discovered no one 
plexion, in which the jaundice of spleen in it, but she heard the deep and slow 
and suspicion was added to the olive breathings of a sleeper behind the drape- 
tint given by his native climate, afforded ry which shadowed a retired couch, 
a fearful contrast to the soft youthful Juana instantly took off her own well- 
countenance of his consort. After a known bracelets, folded and sealed them 
short and reluctant stay at these celebra- in a paper shaped like the jeweller's pack- 
ted medicinal springs, the Conde sud- et, of which the wax did not appear to 
denly announced his intended return to have been broken. It would not be dif- 
Madrid ; where the pomp attached to hcult, she believed, to persuade her hus- 
hts high official station soothed his pride, band that they had been sent for some 
and prevented the indolent ennui which slight change or repairs, and the jewel- 
diseased his imagination. While he lers discretion might be secured. Se- 
addressed his commands te Donna J^ cretly blessing Don Manuel's unusual 
ana, a page entered with a small packet, want of curiosity and lethargic humour, 
which he received without casting his Juana stole with a sylph*s step into the 
eye upon k and put into- his ve*L But dusky chamber, and without pausing to 
Juana saw it with very uneasy seusa- wonder at the numerous rouleaus, though 
tiens, knowing that it contained a pair the opportunity excited a smile, exchan- 
oC valuable bracelets w^ich a jeweller at gedrher packet for that which lay ex- 
Bareges had been privately ordered to posed upon the table and fled back. * 
prepare for her. Severely confined by But what surprise, perplexity, and did- 
♦net husband's jealous parsimony, she had .may, possessed her, when she broke the 
-been tempted to commit the fault com* wax and beheld, not the bracelets she 
mod to inexperienced wives — the dan- had ordered, but a magnificent pair, of 
gerdRl fault of trusting disobedience to the rarest Peruvian gold enriched with a 
y. Either by heedlessness or de- medallion representing a young man in 
the bracelets, which had never a splendid English uniform ! Its corn- 
been intended to meet her lord's eye, panion contained a cypher and coronet 
had fallen into bis hands ; and a detec- of diamond* Could this be the jewel- 
tioo, aggravated by attempted conceal- let's mistake, the stratagem of some gal- 
raent, would be the inevitable result, lant stranger, or part of a mystery man- 


nrr" t i ~T~: m — — -^TV # *ged by her husband ? Whatever was 

hbfc£° tby,l,e mU aW ttoTt™*. hwown impendence and mis- 

Digfeed by G00gk 


Legends of Lampidosa. — The Spaniard. 


fortune were irretrievable, as, on her cau- 
tious return to the chamber-door, she 
found it closed and bolted. In silent 
and profound agony, sharpened by the 
necessity of disguise, Juana awaited the 
return of her husband, whose counte- 
nance only expressed its usual sullen 
coldness, while he completed her con- 
fusion by enquiring for what purpose 
she had privately ordered the bracelets 
which a jeweller had delivered to his 
page. Unprepared, disordered, and con- 
scious of error, Juana made a timid and 
hesitating reply, which, though strictly 
true, had all the aspect of falsehood. 
She alleged, that compassion for a dis- 
tressed and deserving artisan, bad in- 
duced her to order a pair of bracelets, 
which she had not thought sufficiently 
important to mention. Don Manuel 
beard her with a mysterious smile, and 
carelessly answered, that be had deter- 
mined to leave Bareges because he had 
%een required to cede the chamber us- 
ually allotted to his siesta, for the ac- 
commodation of one of the numerous 
strangers lately aapved at the venta 
where they lodged. This last intelli* 
gence explained one part of the fatal 
mistake committed by Juana, and deep- 
ened the possible calamity. She had 
been seen, perhaps, by the new guest 
feloniously conveying away his jewels, 
a!nd leaving in exchange a deposit which 
be might receive and expose as a token 
of preference ! The loveliest rose-col- < 
our of modest shame spread over her 
cheeks at this thought, and her husband 
throwing the bracelets she had clandes- 
tinely purchased into her lap, smiled on 
her and departed in silence. This si- 
lence and this forgiving smile touched 
her innocent and generous heart with 
more remorse than his utmost bitterness 
could have excited. Softened by self- 
reproach into respectful timidity, she 
obeyed his commands to prepare for an 
immediate removal with unusual yet un- 
affected meekness. During their long 
journey to Madrid, she received no other 
notice than a cold monysyllable or an 
indirect glance, but*^he spirit of youth 
and innocence sustained her hopes and 
her efforts to conciliate. "Many months 
passed without any recurrence to the 
unfortunate mistake at Bareges, when 

the English ambassadress gate afete< 
which all the nobility of Madrid were 
invited to partake. Juana eagerly em- 
braced the opportunity to seek a friend- 
ship with this distinguished lady* half 
determining to deposit the stolen jeweb 
in her hands, that they might be restored 
to their owner by her aid. Many officers 
of high rank, attendants on the M Great 
Lord,* 9 were mingled with the assembly, 
whose chief attention was fixed on the 
Conde del Tormes' beautiful wife. 
With that quick and constant suspicion 
which creates the danger it fears, Juana 
imagined some peculiar meaning in the 
occasional glance of a young English- 
man, whose military dress resembled the 
portrait in the bracelet* A thousand 
blushes pursued each other over her face, 
and her downcast, yet attentive eye 
seemed to give assent to the enqpftry ex* 
pressed by his. The gracious gaiety of 
the ambassadress encouraged her young 
guest to ask the name of this Eogfcsh- 
man. ••'Tis my brother," replied her 
excellency smiling, "and he dares not 
ask an introduction to any Spanish belle 
because be has forfeited my favour by his 
negligence." Juana hazarded another 
question which her entertainer's sprightly 
tone invited, and the amba s s adres s un- 
covering her arm answered, ** He prom- 
ised to bring me bracelets of your purest 
Peruvian gold for this night, and you 
see me without any ! — Listen to bk ex- 
fjBjse and praise 'its ingenuity. He tetts 
me that his usual infirmity of walking in 
his sleep seifced him at Bareges, where 
he dreamed that a music book lay before 
him, in which a Spanish ballad so strongly 
touched his fancy, that te distinguish the 
page, he left a folded paper in it ; whan 
he awoke, the packet which contained 
the bracelets intended for me, was gone. 
He remembers the room, the ballad, 
and the music-book, in which be pre- 
tends that be deposited it, moat accu- 
rately: and if I may believe hftb, the 

ballad was — "—"One of Lopaa^L 

de Vega's," hastily interrupted Juanflf^ 
and the music book was mine. - We left 
Bareges suddenly before the owner of 
the bracelets could be guessed ; but I 
have brought them to night, hoping that 
your kindness might assist me in restoring 
them." The ambassadress, with sraniEa 

Digitized by 


vou 4] legends of Lampido$a.~-71u Spaniard. 173 

foil of benignity and archness, received Spain. He was alone in his chamber 
the bracelets from the young countess, arranging some important papers when 
whose blushes announced how much his valet entered leading three armed 
she doubted whether she owed most to agents of the police, who instantly con- 
the delicate invention of the brother or veyed him in a closed carriage to a 

the sister. But during the remainder secret prison. The Bishop of C 

of the evening* her release from a dan- received him there. ** You are accused," 
gerous dilemma gave an elastic ease to said the prelate with a stern air, *• of se- 
her movements, and a new lustre to her duction and assassination ; and though 
countenance, of which more than one our principles of jurisprudence prohibit 
eye was fatally observant. any disclosure of the accuser's name 

The gala extended far beyond mid* and communications, I love England 
Bight, and the brother of the fair giver and its laws too much to withhold my 
was among the latest lingerers. Morn- protection from an Englishman. There- 
iog shone through the triellis of his bai- tore I tell yoo your valet is your accuser, 
cony when he reached his bed chamber, He saw you in the act of opening a 
where he saw, with great surprise, a certain coffer, and he directed us where 
large wooden chest, which had been to find it buried, in the orangery under 
brought, as his servant informed bins your balcony^ You grow pale, and he 
only a few minutes before his return, has spoken truth !" — *' In England,* 
by three strangers, who had received replied Clanharold after a short pause, 
his orders, they said, to lodge it there M I should have appealed to its laws to 
with great precaution. Our English- protect me from imprisonment on an 
man prudently dismissed his valet be- unconfirmed pretence, and to my repua* 
fore he unfastened the lid of this mys- tation for an answer to such a charge. 
terious coffin- and raised the large folds It is no boast to say, that Englishmen 
of white linen within. Beneath them are not familiar with that ferocious 
lay the lifeless body of Juan a, in the passion which urges men to murder what 
rich attire she had worn at his sister's they cannot possess or have possessed too 
banquet, with a chain of Peruvian gold long. When I tell you this, I only tell you 
twisted tightly round her neck, and tied that we are not monsters." Innocence itself 
in a ftttal knot. Her right hand wore a would have shrunk from the Spaniard e 
white glove ; the left was bare and dis- eye as he answered. " You are aware, 
figured by deep wounds. — At this then, that he accuses you of assassinating 
frightful spectacle a cry of horror escap- a woman !" — Clanharold felt the rashness 
•d Clanharold ; but presently collecting of hisspeecband the inference it admitted, 
his disordered senses, be began to con- but baffled his inquisitor by retorting 
aider what was most expedient at a crisis " can be prove it ?" — Stung by the con- 
so perilous. He saw the snare prepared tempt in Clanharold a smile, the bishop 
for him, and had terrible proofs of the exclaimed, *'Tbe proof of innocence 
power, the malice, and the speed of the rests with you. A female strangled and 
contriver. The vindictive jealousy which cruelly wounded was conveyed to your 
Jiad sacrificed so much loveliness might dwelling at midnight by men hired as 
also thirst for his life, though sheltered by accomplices, but now witnesses of the 
his national importance and family dis- crime. I adjure you as a minister of 
tinction. In a few hours Clanharold justice, and as the friend of your na- 
had devised and executed the plan tion's honour, which your public 1*+ 
which appeared best fitted to his pur- amination would endanger, to confess 
pose, and several days passed without the truth. Where was the corpse de- 
producing any rumour relative to Ju- posited ?"— u I know of none !" replied 
ana, except Ibat she bad left Madrid Clanharold firmly; "nor have i ad- 
with her husband. When the Coade's mined any knowledge of the men ydti 
departure was well ascertained, the name. I have bejd no secret and d is- 
young Englishman, whose pride had honourable intercourse in Spain either 
forbidden any step resembling a retreat, with the living or the dead. This is 
began to fee) the policy of quitting *iny answer, and the last I shall repeat'' 

Digitized by 


17tt Legends c/ Lampidosa.'--The Spaniard. [you 5 

The prelate smiled indignantly, and a Mine is with you ! 1 ' returned the 
departed. But notwithstanding his first stranger raising his large eyes with a 
emotions of anger at the prisoner's dark fire in them. — ** You are a priest, 
haughty defiance, his habitual caution, they say, and I want absolution for My 
joined to some generous feelings, en- makers secret /" he clenched his hands 
ibrced, perhaps, by the respect due to on his breast with a groan which expressed 
Qaabarold's nation, rank, and family, agony even to suffocation, and fell in- 
suspended his proceedings even beyond sensible on the ground, 
the usual degree of -Spanish tardiness. The Judge bad a heart worthy his 
Wearied with the misery of an impris* high station among Christain prieste, 
onmant which seemed purposely pro* and an understanding superior to the 
tracted, Clanharold's pride sunk at errors of Spanish jurisprudence. He) 
length under the anxious entreaties of summoned his secretary and two coaa- 
iu8 sister, and he consented to avail fideatial assistants, who conveyed the 
himself of her aid. About this period, unhappy stranger to a chamber near 
her husband's official station rendered the -holy tribunal, and carefully recalled 
another public banquet necessary, and his senses. When bis eyes opened, 
she studiously included the Bishop of they fixed themselves on the mysterioaa 

C among her guests. In the chief chest, which had been placed before him 

saloon, where the roost numerous and by the prelate's order, "flash struck 
brilliant part of the assembly were en- twelve, and is all done so soon L— Well, 
gaged in the Bolero, a stranger sud- carry it gently — my master is not yet et 
denly entered, whose extraordinary de- home"-*-" Carry the torch, then," said 
portment and attire fixed every eye upon the bishop's secretary.-*-" Here are three 
him. A mantle of grey silk, strangely of us to take the chest." — "O tbe dead 
painted, was wrapped round him ; his weigh heavy !— but we will have no 
feet were bare, and his head covered torch; I know .my way blindfolded.** 
with a large hat of plaited straw, inter- The attendants understanding the motion 
woven with flowers. This fantastic of their masters eye, raised the cheat 
figure moved slowly ronnd the room, upon their shoulders, and accompanied 
looking wildly yet familiarly on the their guide through the dark and intricate 
assembly, and waving the remnant of a streets of Madrid, till they reached the 
white glove stained with blood. The house onee occupied by Qlanharotd. 
females among the crowd endeavoured to Still preceded by the unknown, and 
hide themselves from the intrusion of a followed by the bishop muffled up, they 
maniac, but a few cavaliers ventured to entered the bedchamber where it had 
surround and question him. Still waving been first deposited. " Let as look at 
the glove, be only answered, "My her again before we leave her," said tbe 
Mauler's secret." — No one of the am- secretary affecting to apply bis eye to m 
bassador's household had seen this person chink in the coffer. " It is my man- 
eater, or could guess from whence he ter's secret !" exclaimed the maniac, 
came ; but the ambassadress leading the pushing him back with the strength of 
Bishop of C ■ towards him, directed insanity— "but this gold chain will pay 
his attention to the fragment of a gold for absolution- — take it, • father. — 
chain concealed in the stranger's breast. *• Follow me, my son," said the bishop* 
Dismissing every spectator, and closing " and the peace of penitence be with 
the doors of the saloon, the bishop laid thee !" 

his hand upon the maniac's shoulder, At the middle hour of the next uigtit 
and attempted to take the golden chain Clanharold's musings were disturbed by 
from bis vest. With the same vague the entrance of the prelate with a dark 
and fixed smile, he repeated, "My mas- and severe countenance.' He accosted 
ter's secret," and covered it closer in him in few words, and announced tbe 
the folds of his silk mantle. " Do you certainty of bis secrer but final trial on 
know this ball ?" said tbe inquisitor. — tbe following day. This information 
44 Yes." — ** And the business of this only raised the courage and the hopes 
night?" — u It is my master's secret."-- of the young prisoner, who apprehended 
"But what is your business here?"— nothing so much as the obscure and 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

▼4L. 2*3 Legends of Lampidtoa.—The Spaniard* 175 

slow prtagreas of the holy tribunal. N* ed to me^ — my roof has never been an 
pomp or circumstance was spared to asylum for infamy in any shape, and I 
reader the judicial court imposing to know no Spanish woman to whom it is 
the Englishman's feelings when he en* do*." — ♦' He prevaricates !" interrupted 
tered it ; but those feelings may be well the Coade, forgetting his own danger 
conjectured when he saw the chest whicb in his zeal to criminate an enemy — " he 
had been employed as Juana's eofln has spoken falsely ! — let him remember 
standing in the centre, and her husband Bareges and the accommodating kindness 
at the bar. M Henry Viscount Clan- of bis sister !" — A momentary blush 
barold," said the inferior judge rising passed over Clanharold's forehead, 
solemnly from bis seat under a dark followed by a stern and deadly paleness.' 
canopied recess, 44 we cite you here to — " Under English laws," be said, di-* 
bear witness of the truth. Look on this reeling his eyes towards the judges, 
man and answer us — are ye strangers to u frenzy and desperation are not allowed 
each other?" "We hare never met to convict themselves; nor are the most * 
before," replied Cianberold, evading a plausible assertions credited without 
distinct reply to a question which he proofs, AH the witnesses err. If they 
feared might criminate a man unjustly can certify the fact of an assassination, 
suspected. " By the sanctity of that oath let them make known the manner, and 
which we have imposed on your veracity, name the victim." — " Beware !" said the 
we. require you to communicate all you bishop, " the chief* witness has confessed 
kooworthis chest." — " I know not what all. Do you venture to look upon this 
are its contents," he answered, still chain?" Ctanharold instantly recog- 
seeJring safety in evasion. The Coade nised a fragment of the woven gold so 
fixed his slow eye on Clanharold as these fatally employed round Juana's neck, 
words were registered, and drew his lip — u You cannot deny that you have 
inwards* with a ghastly smile. 1'hrce seen the instrument of an unhappy lady* 
men were summoned next, and solemnly death ; this glove is the counterpart ol 
attested the conveyance 6f this chc>t, at one worn by her corpse, and the place ol 
midnight, to the English nobleman's its interment is all we have to ask. You 
apartment, and professed their belief, stand here, not as a culprit, but as an 
that it contained a treasure expected by evidence against him ; unless a contu- 
him. His valet followed with a precise macious silrfnee renders you an acconv 
and accurate detail of the circumstances pi ice. Where is the body of Juana ? T> 
attending the opening of the lid, the Clanharold remained silent till this 
groan which escaped bis master, and the question had been thrice repeated. To 
short stupor of agony which appeared to its last solemn proposition he replied, 
seise him, while excited by curiosity and "if the Goude is accused of murder, 1 
suspicion he had watched his movements, have no evidence to give, but I fully 
Last came the miserable stranger, still and firmly believe him innocent. I 
clothed in his fantastic drapery, with the have seen no instrument of death, no 
blood-stained glove fn his baud, and the place of sec ret interment, and to your 
brokeo chain fastened round his neck, tost question I answer — my ignorance 
" Master ! I have kept your secret !" he is absolute." The secretary of the tri- 
exclatmed and fain ltd. **S|>are your bunal recorded this declaration, i\hi!e 
efforts," said theConde, coldly folding the only lamp which lighted the sp.v 
his arms over his breast — ** this wretch cious hall of justice was gradually 
can tell you nothing more than J avow, lowered over the coffin of Juana. 1L. 
He knows his master's secret — he knows husband shuddered and turned away 
that an infamous woman left her husband's his face, while the bishop, executing 
bouse on the eve of St. BlasioVs festival, the most awful office of his temporal 
and returned to it no more*"— •* And administration, advanced to 
you received her?" added the chief bis sentence. "Manuel del Tonne*, 
judge, addressing the English prisoner, accused and convicted by the assiMa:.ts 
**A4y lord," replied Clanharold — •* I of your guilt; and you, Henry Li rd 
have already disclaimed the guilt iroput- Clanharold* subjected to the penalty of 

Digitized by 


176 Letters from London, [tout 

death by on obstinate concealment of rashness was not without provocation, 
murder, approach and lay your hands and a generous stranger whose seoresy 
upon this bier." — They obeyed with hazards his life to redeem her honour, 
contrasted, but strongly evident feelings* — Thus speaking, she raised her veil ; 
The Coade's livid lips shook as be and when the assembly had gazed for 
attempted to speak ; and raising his an instant on the beauty of the unfortu- 
shrunk eye, he saw another witness oafe Juana, dropped it again for ever, 
standing before him. She wore the But the Conde, fully convicted of si 
white habit of a nun, and extended her barbarous intent, was sentenced to a 
hands towards both the prisoners, long imprisonment, which his self- 
* Judges ! the Conde is innocent, and devouring spirit rendered more bitter 
tiie Englishman has spoken truth. Juana than death. His servant, the chief 
was not wholly dead when the coffer agent in the attempted assaasinauaa, 
was unclosed, and Clanharold's care died in the receptacle for lunatics, where 
nsvived her ; but she could not enjoy the ambassadress bad discovered him ; 
even life where her honour was suspected, and her brother quitted Spain in almost 
She escaped from her preserver to the incurable dejection, execrating that 
convent of St Blasius, where she found fierce jealousy which, by urging inoo- 
refuge without his knowledge or aid. pence itself into dark and crooked paths* 
She returns to the world only for a deprives it of its dignity and its security, 
moment, to acquit a husband whose Ci p /O *? ^ j V ^ 


from tttt Litttarr Gtstttc * 

umi ui. # 
¥ WRITE to you in the greatest des- information, you must be an amateur in 
*■ pnir. It is certain that I have no kid-leatber. A lady can purchase a pau 
qualifications whatever as a governess. «• of shoes at a few shillings, but it costs 
This morning I waited on a lady who her some guineas and several weeks to 
bad advertised lor one. 1 found her make them ; at the end of which . time, 
reuding on a sofa. " So," said she, they shall be found, like hatched eggs, 
'* you have called in consequence of my quite fit for bursting, 
advertisement." " I have, Madam/' "As for me," she continued. Mam 
•* \ou ore aware that there is no task so nly a poor hosier's wife, so I promise 
important as the education of young wo* yoUf ray daughters shaVt take any &a% 
men. " Certainly, Madam. \ "ltde- s hoe-makiog airs upon themselves. No, 
termines the tenor of their future lives, they must earn their own bread, poor 
" It does Madam. » It enlarges their tnilJg8 . ao d, I protest, 'tis as much as I 
understandings and improves their mo- en do to get them merely taught walts> 
rats. -Most true. Madam. - Can ingaad Italian." « Italian !" cried I, 
you dress hair ? " No, indeed, Madam. •< ^ you mean ^ 8nouW Mrn tlleir 
-Can you make shoes? -Thank bread by teaching that language." "Not 
Heaven, Madam, I am not quite so redu- at all," she replied, " but by marrying 
ced io the world as to turn cooler, nor themselves off, poor things. No girl 
am I quite so mean as to permit an in- now? aD ove a green grocer, can get de- 
suit. - Sliew the lady down," said cently settled in life without the Ian- 
she; and thus ended our pithy interview. guages , Ther6 j 8 the fi snmoilger ' 3 
I returned home, aud told my hostess daughter, next door— ehe reads Italian 
all. - The lady did not intend any in- over the lurbot8 . aod I warrant, in spite 
suit,' said she, -for sboemakmg now of ber check apron, looks to a barouche 
lorms a most important branch of female an d four." 

education. You are nobody if you can- Thus she run on, and in fine, fully 

not hfel-tn p ; and to shew a ny degree o f convinced me, that I am an unfit gover- 

* See Vol. I. p. 470. ness for any condition of life. The , 

Digitized by 


you 2J Itftrnfrpm Imfafitr-Tk* Qol dc Bdmt. 177 

fO0Dg)adf 9 wb(p8(ft^b«bM4h9cofiiitflr of modem poetry, form the young Wy's 
differs from her who Mauds beiqre it^only understanding ; and as for her conversa- 
iji being taught by cheaper masters j for tion, she has happily acquired the art of 
her accomplishments are. precisely the talking without knowing her own mean- 
same. Now, as well as I cap collect, a ing« Her education is then complete ; 
fashionable girl is educated mucb in this she enters the world with more diamonds 
manner. Before her fiugej? are long than ideas, puts her face into circulation, 
enough to reach an octave, sjbe perform* talks good French and bad Englisb,pays 
qoooectaates at the piano ; and is taught morning visits by moonlight, and goes to 
to write sentimental essays before she dinner when half the nation are going to 
bias got oat of her spi4er-legs and pptr .bed., 

{looks. She may not, perhaps, know But all these frivolities have a most 
much of Uie bibAe, jbut tbeo she has half awful qbject in view. The whole is in- 
Arioste by heart. The next great coo* fended to conclude with an eligible mar- 
aideration is waltzing — a dreadful amuse- riage; and for this great purpose, arf 
paeat,my fcaod, which you may see fully routes, and balls, and operas, instituted. 
set forth in an indecent publication cell- These seem a sort of public markets, 
ed " The Treasures of Teiipsichore." vbere faces axe put up for sale, and 
, Then a great portion of her .time is where dealers in matrimony go to make 
occupied in reading certain book? about purchases. The goods are therefore 
love. X haje dipped into one of them* very properly exposed as much as possi- 
und found it contained only aq account ble, nor can any customer complain that 
of a remarkably sickly orphan, who used he baa bought a blind bargain. Here 
So cry and feint, chapter about, had ner- Lombard Street and St. James's meet to. 
vous starts, two consumptions, and, from transact compacts of oonveniency. The 
her manner of walking, T shrewdly sue- old jewels want new setting, so an im- 
port was wcketty. However, a youag poverished title and, a plebeian plum en- 
gentfeman, no way disgusted by these ter into a treaty ; a balance is struck be- 
iofirmkies, proposes* charitably enough, tween rent-rolls aad family trees, and in 
to marry her, and take all her epotheca* due time, the coronet unites its fate with 
ries' bilU upon himself But just their the sugar hogshead, 
there comes a great mischief-maker, who These shops, then, as you may guess, 
whips her off to a castle, fit for any thing r drive a pretty lucrative trade, and exhibit 
but to live in. Here she grows quite a great choice of commodities. For, if 
hypochondriac, and fancies she sees fig- on» girl sets up with a capital of matures, 
ores flitting in the dusky perspective, there is another who carries oa commerce 
But all on a sudden her real character at the piano ; while a third, who b&p- 
.breakaouU She plans and accomplishes pens to be only pleasant and ugly, puts 
a desperate escape. She shows the in- herself in the department of saying good 
trepidity of a bujblo and the constitution things. Meanwhile, the lords of ere*- 
.of a horse. She rummages out her lov- tion, who had probably spent the morn- 
er. Her heart and her mautb are his ing at Tuttersall's strut up and down the 
. without a struggle. The one no longer room, examine paces and points, and at 
heaves with grief, the other no longer length select their purchase ; which, tho' 
-swells of hartshorn. So all obstacles are not warranted, is sure to be described in 
removed, and nothing ean equal her feli- all the prints, as a young lady " eminent- 
city, but her bridal drees. ly calculated to render the marriage state 
Books such as these, and a whole host truly happy." Adieu. 


From the Monthly Magnlte. 

Mariigny; SepL 18, 1817. mountain of Balmeffo frite, as Saue- 

The Col de Bahne. 8l,rt ^k » l we were informed ty tn « 

Mr am Mate, guides that we had between four anO tiva 

fj/^N resuming the ascent to t}ie Col, m iies to ascend before we should arrive 

^-^ or lowest part of the ferrule of the at the spot which we were about to visit 

Z ATaraiEVM, Vol. & 

Digitized by 



Mountain Scenery in Switzerland—The Col de Balmd ' (you £ 

We soon quitted Triant valley, and 
began to ascend, by a serpentine foot- 
way, through a forest of firs, hanging on 
a declivity more precipitous than any 
which we had yet ascended. This pas- 
sage to the Col de Balme is, during the 
months when snow lies on the ground, 
dangerous in the extreme ; so much so, 
that persons travelling from Marti guy to 
Chamouni almost invariably take the 
circuitous, but safe, route of the Tftenetr. 
You may form some conception of the 
steepness of this mountain when I inform 
you, that the pathway winds upon itself 
between thirty and forty times, Oa our 
right lay a deep and slanting ravine 
which separates the mountains between 
which we were ascending; through this 
dashes a torrent that flows from the snow 
and ice which lie on the sides and sum- 
mits of the mountains, and unites itself to 
the Ean-noir of Triant valley. The 
hardy ** rose of the Alps* lay partially 
around us, and with its beautiful blos- 
soms of dark red, offered a delightful 
contrast to the ragged and cheerless 
scenery which now began to present 
itself on every side. 

As we continued to ascend, we saw 
before us beds of snow and ice, lying in 
the furrows of the mountain side ; these 
we crowed, and soon afterwards arrived 
at the chalets, which are sheds erected 
for the temporary shelter of herdsmen 
— they were deserted. Nature*f*ll 
around us wore a solitary, silent, and 
desolate appearance; neither animals, 
nor birds, nor trees, nor alpine shrubs 
of stunted growth, were to be seen ; 
fusts of wind only broke the stillness. 
Here I paused tp contemplate with feel- 
ings of dread and commiseration the 
fate of the good and enlightened Escher, 
of Zurich, who fell from a ragged ele- 
vation near the summit of the mountain 
on which I was looking. This spot 
overhangs the deep ravine of which I 
have spoken, and looks down upon the 
vailey of Triant. 

Bonrrit, the intimate friend of Etcher, 
has described this melancholy event in 
a manner so interesting, that I cannot 
forbear to attempt a translation of it. 
Bourrit, who had not leisure to accom- 
pany Escher and his companions to the 
Col de Balme, walked with them from 

Bex, of which place he warn, at that 
time, a resident, to St. Maurice. M It 
was not without feelings of regret,** (be 
says,) " that I here bade them farewell. 
From Martigny they ascended to Trisnt, 
and afterwards on mules to the Col de 
Balme. Here they encamped them- 
selves, and gazed with admiration oa 
the scenes around this interesting spot 
From this place they beheld the famous 
Moat Blanc, and the beautiful valley 
which lies at its base. For one of them 
it was the promised land, in entrance 
to which had been forbidden by Des- 
tiny. Escher quitted his friends to 
range among the regions around him, 
and scaled that rock, the account of 
which had deeply interested him: it 
was oo this spot, among the broken 
ground which ties oa that summit of its 
cone, that his foot slipped — that the 
earth and stones sunk under him — that 
in struggling to defend his life he tore 
his hands — that his arms were broken— 
his desperate exertions proved unavail- 
ing: from this place he fell. Escher is 
no more! he who was the hope, of his 
friends, his family, his country, is dead ! 
-—the letter of his friend and companion, 
Alberg, is before me : each line, each 

word of it, is blotted with his tears. 


Three weeks after the occurrence of 
this dreadful event, the elder brother of 
M. Escher went from Zurich to Geneva, 
and ascended to the Col de Balme from 
the valley of Chamouni ; he visited 
the scene of his brother's death— of one 
so beloved, that he bad yielded to* him 
his privileges of birth and seniority. 
From the Col de Balme he came to 
visit me. I conducted him to the tomb 
of his brother, and witnessed the tears 
of anguish which fell oo his grave." 

The interest which must always ac- 
company the knowledge of this event, 
was to me heightened in a peculiar de* 
gree, for I was looking upon V Aiguille 
dCAlier, the place from which M. Escher 
fell, as the guide was narrating the 
event. He directed my eyes to a shelving 
of rock, perhaps five hundred feet be- 
neath this spot : to this the body fell 
before its progress was arrested, and 
here it remained during the night. On 
the following day, by the courage and 

Digitized by 


vou 2.] Mwntam Scenery in Switzeihnd. 17$ 

skill of Cachat It Giant* (as he was which is seen from Martigny to Sion, 
commonly called,) Jean aod Joseph and beyond it From this commanding 
Cretou, and others, whose Uvea were spot the eye ranges o?er a succession of 
greatly endangered by their enterprise, Alps, with snow-eneruetcd summits, to, 
the body was removed, but not until it a distance of ninety or a hundred miles. 
had been rolled from the place on whkh My attempt to describe the Alps is 
it was lying, to a level, some hundred infinitely surpassed by a magnificent 
feet below it; and from this place the view of the scenery of Savoy and Swit- 
hardy mountaineers bore it The re- zerland, sketched by the graphical pen 
mains of M. Escher lie in the church- of Bourrit ; it is with this that he appro- 
yard of Bex, priately commences his "Itiniraire de 
It is with some reluctance that I re- Ckamouni, de Vdai*? &c. : he says that 
turn to conduct you to the Col de the most extensive and sublime view of 
Balme, and to describe the wonders the Alps which be ever beheld was from 
which are beheld from it, for I not only the summit of U dent <fe Vaulion, a 
feel that want of confidence which al- mountain of the Jura chain, situated 
ways accompanies success, but I ap* near the lake of Joux. Such is its com- 
prehend that the continuation of my mending situation, and the magnitude . 
fetter will be very deficient of intereat of the objects, that the eye embraces a 
after your perusal of the melancholy track of country 400 miles in extent;, 
event which! have just related; if you commencing at the mountains ofDau- 
are of the same' opinion, close it, and phine, and terminating at those of the 
do Dot again open it until to-morrow ; Orisons. Of this vast expanse ther*? are 
in the interim, domestic avocations three remarkable points of distance— 
and sleep may, perhaps, dissipate that Mont . Blanc h seen to the right, Mont 
frame of mind which is not congenial Rose in the centre, and St Oothard 
with the minor interest which accora- bounds the left extremity of this mag- 
panies the description of Alpine scenery, nificent chain. Saussure and Bourrit 
We were ascending the central chain inform us that from the summit of. 
Of the mountains of Europe: we arrived Mont Blanc, they couW glance from 
at the Col of. the mountain of Balme, the plaina of France to those of Piedmout 
tnd here the roost gigantic features of in an instant 

Nature burst upon our sight ! In front The most enlightened naturalist that 
lowered the Monarch of Mountains, any age or country, has produced, the 
wrapped in a mantle of snow, whose great Humboldt — who visited, during five 
ample folds covered a considerable por- years, the most stupendous scenery of 
tion of his majestic form. The moun- the Andes — passed, in lat 1.33 S. the 
tains .which constitute a portion of limit of perpetual congelation, which is 
the chain connected, immediately with 15,700 feet above the sea, and, conse- 
Mont Blanc, are viewed in profile from quently, the boundary of vegetation; 
this place. Mount Breven, aud the for lichens, which he fotud at a height 
Needles, as they are called, which bound of 18,903 feet, cannot be considered 
the opposite side of the valley, are seen even a remote link of vegetation, since 
in profile a)*o. At the base of these they have peither roots, stems,nor leaves: 
and at a fearful distance beneath us these also he passed, and reached an 
Ivy the valley of Chamouni. To the elevation of 19,400 feet on Chimbo- 
right are le Buet, and, the chain of razo ; nor did he terminate his enter- 
mouotains which overlook Valorsine, as prising and unequalled efforts until he 
far as la Dent du Midi, of which I have trod the verge of that region which is 
already spoken. Behind us, and to our hallowed and unapproachable. Amid 
lef), are seen Mounts St. Oothard, these trackless regions of intense silence 
Fourche, Orimsel, Femmi, and Diablo- — un visited but by the ethereal and un- 
rein. The Col de Balme appears to be earthly airs of heaven, or the noiseless 
the stupendous barrier of two vallies — drifting of snow-flakes — the condor, the 
that of Chamouni, in Savoy, and that giant of the birds of prey — a being so 
portion of the valley of the Pennine Alps organised, as to enjoy an isolation aud 

Digitized by 


l&V History of Mozart* Requiem* '• [you . 

singleness of existence, whteh we can* ahed regione* Uea id atrfence; berfea- 
nbt contemphrte without feelings of awe teres are fixed and unchangeable: the 
and admiration — » beheld towering antft deadening* massive, add tinrehrxingeto- 
▼f^on can do longer embrace it Over brace of ice is entwined around her for 
these regions it appears t& possess an ever. 

uncontrolled and god-like dominion : it The beneficial effects of metmtarti 
soars so infinitely beyond (he chain of atmosphere have been Often corttem- 
ahimal and vegetable life, as to generate plated, not so much by the disciples of 
a doubt whether our hemispheres bare ifisculspius and Galen, as by those 
given -it existence. philantfaropiatswhoare skilled in phy* 

* The mind labours to form a definite- sical knowledge. You may re m ember 
idea of these objects of oppressive sub- the amusing speculation of Rosseao bo 
limity: ifft fails in doing so, ho* can it this subject. Certain it is; that tiie-' 
hope to frame to itself that giant of senses en mountain-summits are pecn* 
mountains, DhawaYagiri, the loftiest of lrarly sosceprifel*. From experience, I ; 
the Asiatic Alps, which towers to a can assure you* that our gratification' 
height of nearly 97,000 feet, almost was intense.. As we rambled oritW 
twice the elevation of Mont Blanc t Cot, the wild thyme which we struct? 
Prom the summit of Chandraghhri, a with our feet threw up a delicious fra- 
oiountaln in the valley of Nepaol, the grance, which seemed to pierce Our 
landscape possesses unequalled gran- nerves with unwonted keenness, 
dear. Colonel Kirkpatrick informs as; I was enchanted by the wild flowers* 
that the scenery rises gradually to an which lay around me : mine Was ■ lore 
amphitheatre, and seccessively exhibits at first sight ; u I felt an instants neon?, a 
the cities and numberless temples of the magnetic affection for them t — how tittle 
valley below, the stupendous mountain was I disposed to envy that gradual at* 
Sheoopoori, the still super-towering Jib- taohment which is rounded upon a long; 
jfbia, dotbed to its enow-capped peek a studious, and perfect knowledge of 
with pendulous forests : and finally, the thfrir exquisite ' organisation. Row 
gigantic Himmaleb, forming the ma- blindly did I tore them ! I packed them 
jestic back ground of this wonderful and from their beds— I dropped them into 
sublime picture. irty hat; and bore them away^— not with 

On the icy summits around me, the the pride of a botanist, but with the joy- 
stillness of midnight and the blare of ous exahelion of a school-boy. They 
noon were united. Nature, on these ex- shall be my companions to England. 



, Prttn ttw Literary Gasett*. 

Acj'R* % r% * .« wons, contained the question, whether he 

S Mozart s Requiem has met with wouJd pngagf in composing a mass for 
universal applause in one of the late ^ dead , for wh(lt remuneration, and -a 
Oratorios, a few historical particulars WU attime? Mosart, who never ueedt* 
respecting this masterpiece of music may engag9 in my ^ without the consent 
be of sufficient interest to find a place in of bia wifof communicated immediately 
your Literary Gazette ^ Wtter to ^ tnd manifesting his wish 

1 remain, &c. A. t0 try hia ^j^ for onoe m ^^ Wod ^ 

^ The history of Mozart's last master- composition, they easily agreed, that ha 
piece, his unequalled Requiem, is as should undertake the composition of the 
mysterious as remarkable. . A short time Requiem. He therefore answered by 
before the Emperor Leopold's corona- the unknown messenger, that he wan 
tion at Prague, as King of Bohemia, willing to compose a Requiem, fixing a 
Mozart one evening received an aoony- remuneration, but not the time, ia which 
mous letter by an unknown messenger, be would engage to finish it A few days 
which, besides many flattering expres- after, the same messenger returned, de- 
Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

vol.*,} Humy tfMmmrCttttttBeqmem. 181 

liverfdtba tgra«l-fof femunerttioimf iA haliatt Opera-HotweilVieww, the prin- 
the remark, thai having been so very cipal perioriners endeavoured, by ptir- 
moderate in his demand* be might be posely singing false notes, to spoil the 
assured, that a* soon at he bed finished effect of the finest airs, and consequently 
it, he should receive a farther remunera- of the whole Opera. Mozart, in despair 
uon ef double tbaj sum ij as to the time, at seeing hia productions so shamefully 
it was-entirely left to his own pleasure, disfigured* burst into the box of the 
In the mean time, Mozart received the Emperor, who was present himself, and 
honourable and lucrative commission to complained of the vile trick played to 
compose an Opera Seria (or 4)6 Era- hjm ; upon which his Majesty sent a 

Gror^s coronation at Prague, which, as serious message to the singers, reminding 
ozart bad a great predilection for the them ©I their duty, and threatening them 
Bohemians, he eagerly accepted. Just with his disgrace ; and U was only by 
as he was in the act of stepping into his that means that was saved the repots* 
post-chaise with his wife, in order to go tion ol this fine Opera, which ever since 
to Prague, the unknown messenger pre? has proved a favorite wiih the musical 
sen ted himself, and tapping him cpur- world. 

teously on the shodder,asked him— how But to return to our Requiem; Mo- 
it would be with the Requiem under the %art continued with his usual love of hie> 
present circumstances? Alosart explained profession, to work on the composition, 
to him the. urgency of this present jour- of it, often repeating : •* I Hear, I fear i 
ney, assuring him at the same time, that am writing my own Keo/iiem ;" and his. 
after his return the Requiem should be affectionate wile, seeing his melancholy 
his first occupation. With this answer state of mind returning, thought jit ne- 
tbe messenger went away quite satisfied, cessaty to apply for medical advice, uud 
It was at Prague that Mosart first began actually took fcom him the rompositioa 
to feel Ahe disease, which in little more of the Requiem, which she looked at as 
than a year afterwards deprived the the cause of his depression* -.She bad, 
world of the greatest composer ,wbo ever indeed, soon the satisfaction to see him 
existed : his colour was very pale ; but recovering : but alub ! the joy wan of 
his spirits were as lively and entertaining short duration, and soon be relapsed into 
as ever. On bis return to Vienna, be his old disease, which in a lew weeks 
began immediately his Requiem, and proved his duath. Mooaxt was resigned 
worked with great interest and attention; to his fate, but could not help sometimes 
but the state of his health continuing to lamenting, that being just on the point to. 
decline, he was seised with a great de- enjoy tranquilly his life and hi* ;«rt, he 
jection of spirits, and even began to was obliged to leave both. On the very 
think that his death was not very distant, day of his death, be asked for his He- 
One day as he was taking an airing with quiem, remarked that his prediction b«d 
hie wife in the Prater, be was overpow- been true, and wished to hear some pans 
ered by bis melancholy presentiments: performed at his bed-side: this wish was 
— ** I feel*" said lie, " that I roust die ; complied with ; he had the satisfaction 
mod have only a short time left to live; of admiring and finding relief and con- 
I am sure tbey have given poison to me : solation in his own production ; and he 
I am almost convinced of it !" This was ceased to breathe a few hours after. 
indeed a suspicion, which Mozart enter- Not quite an hour after his death, and 
Sained even till bis death. It is true, that even before the news of it was suppose! 
he had many and some very dangerous to be known beyond the doors of the 
•newiies, chiefly amongst the Italian house, the unknown messenger was on- 
composers and artists, who before bis nounced, demanding the MS. of the 
time had been the only admiration of the Requiem, imperfect as it was ; it was of 
public, and who now were scarcely course delivered to him ; and never sime 
observed by the side of this luminous was he heard of, in spite of all inquiries, 
prodigy in music The envy and hate and of the wish fuiblicly expressed by 
of these miscreants went so far, that the family of the deceased, to know tie 
when his incomparable Opera leNozze name of this mysterious admirer ol Mo- 
di Figaro was first represented at the zart's genius. A considerable time elat*- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

18fc Cornucopia.— D*m RaphaeV$ TVwefc. [vol. ST 

ed; the Requiem wu not published, nor corrected copy in M.'s own hand-writ- 

•ny where performed; and the fear ing; and from this it was soon afterwards 

began to arise, that by the whim of some published, Mofcart died in the night of 

unknown enthusiast, this last master* the 5th Dec. 1791, ia the 35tb year of 

piece of Mozart might be lost to the bis age, omvewally lameoted add adroir-' 

public Fortunately M.'a widow was ed as a composer, as a man, end as a 

able to find out the original and much companion. 


hom kapha el. ces of the insatiable rapacity of the Be- 

W HEN the French under the com* douins is one related to him by the sob 
maod of Buonaparte landed in £• of one of the principal merchants of Cairo. 
gypt, Dom Raphael, who is a native of The father determined, though at an ad-' 4 
8yria,ofiiciated as minister to thechristians vanced age, to perform a pilgrimage to 
at Cairo. The French employed him as Mecca, and according to the practice of 
their interpreter ; in this quality he ac- the Mahometan merchants to unite with 
companied their army in Egypt, and at' it a commercial speculation. He accord- *' 
length embarked with - it for France, ingty loaded a great number of camel* 
where he was in the sequel appointed with hie only son, his wives, relations,' 
Professor of the Arabic language at Pa- and staves. The pilgrims Sn general join 
ris. This situation be not long since the grand caravan, but the train of the 
resigned : he is now in the pay of Sir merchant of Cairo was so numerous as : 
Sidney Smith, and is probably engaged to form a caravan of itself, and it there- 
for the service of the A nli piratic Institu- fore travelled alone at some distance from 
tion % over which that officer presides, the other. In the midst of the desert 
From the manuscripts of Dom Raphael, their water failed ; for the skins which 
a M. Mayeux has lately extracted that they had taken with them were dried up- 
part which relates to the Bedouins,* and with the heat of the sun. The merchant 
published it m three handsome volumes offered the Arabs who served him as 
wkh £4 engravings. The first contains guides a very large sum of money to pro- 
the enumeration and description of the cure him water ; for the Arabs are ac- 
difierent Arabic tribes, and the two oth- quainted with all the springs in the des- 
ers are devoted to the religious and do- ert ; but these hard-hearted rovers, fore- 
mestic customs of the Bedouins. This seeing that the Caravan must soon perish 
work is not a mere compilation, though with thirst and become their prey, refused 
it contains many particulars that are al- the proffered reward, and witnessed un- 
ready known from the narratives of trav- moved the inexpressible sufferings which 
ellers : still they are not borrowed from men and beasts endured from the exces- 
the latter, but the whole seems to be the sive heat. The camels dropped under 
result of the personal observations and their burthens one after another : the 
experience of Dom Raphael. His French merchant himself perished ; his son and 
style has in many places quite the orien- the women with great difficulty joined 
tai stamp. He is intimately acquainted the caravan of pilgrims, with the toss of 
with the Arubic tribes in Syria and their all their wealth, which, as may easily be 
singular customs. Of Seetzen 9 s travels conceived, was secured and shared by 
Dom Raphael makes no mention ; most the Arabs. The young merchant had 
probably be never heard of him. By become one of the poorest of the pilgrims; 
combining the observations of these two but on his return home he had still one- - 
travellers with these of the authors of the third of his father's property left him ; 
great French work on Egypt, a tolerably with this he prosecuted his trade, and 
complete account of the Arabian tribes bad again acquired* considerable wealth 
might be produced. Among the instan- when the French made themselves mas- 
♦ See Vol. 1. p. 291. tw» of Caifo. 

Digitized by 


vol. 3.3 Whimsical DutW—Whke Bipbwuu— Voltaire's " ZacUg: 


Stom tfet Utcnrf Oasctte. 

A new engraving hat recently appear- 
ed in Parte in which the arts of music 
and design have with considerable ef» 
fort been combined together. This 
print represents a Magic Rack and a 
Duett, entitled, The two Lovers, which 
ie sung with an accompaniment for the 
Piano. The music is written upon a 
single line which extends the whole 
length of the winding road upon the 
Rock, along which the two Lovers have 
resolved to journey. The words for the 
Lady read from the top to the bottom, 
and those for the Gentleman from the 
bottom to the top. The two singers 
would therefore infallibly meet, were it 
not for a furious Dragon, which is sta- 
tioned io the middle of the Rock* for 
Ss purpose of preventing their union, 
aving nothing better to do the Lovers 
continue their journey, the one towards 
the summit, the other towards the foot of 
the Rock, from whence they recommence 
the game, which might be prolonged for 
a considerable time, if a thunder-bolt did 
BOt settle the business by destroying the 
Dragon. ** Then the Lovers having 
met embrace each other with transport 
The Duett, it must be acknowledged 
does not end badly. 

As the music is written on a single 
line, it is necessary that^he air should 
be arranged so that the begiuning may 
serve for the end, and the end for the 
beginning. It may therefore be said to 
have neither beginning nor end, or what 
is much the same neither head nor tail 
For the arrangement of this air a degree 
of labour must have been requisite, tlie 
very thought of which fatigues the imag- 
ination. The composer may be con- 
gratulated on having overcome so many 
difficulties ; he has displayed in this ro- 
mance as much patience and mechanical 
genius, as are usually employed in the 
construction of a Mill. 


The system of Match-making in Eng- 
land has generally been considered rather 
as a private affair than a public occupa- 
tion. In Finland, however, it is actual- 
ly a profession, practised by one or two 
old women in every village. But it is 

perhaps a more carious met, that the 
solemnisation of the marriage ceremony 
only takes place on one day in the year. 


The Narrative of a Journey in Bra* 
zu\ by Mr. Henry Koster, contains many 
curious observations on the civil and po- 
litical state of that country. The gov- 
ernment preserves the character which it 
formerly maintained at Lisbon. The 
Minister, Mr. d'Aranjo, entertains ex- 
tensive plans of civilization, and is more- 
over a friend to religious and political 
tolerance. The most characteristic fea- 
ture in the internal administration of 
Brazil, is the- equality which prevails be- 
tween the Whites and the Mulattos. 
The laws and regulations concerning 
people of colour, are not only extremely 
mild, compared wkh those which exist 
in the other colonies ; but custom, pub- 
lic spirit, and the connivance of the gov- 
ernment, enforce the strictest execution 
of these legislstive arrangements. Ail 
people of colour, in easy circumstances, 
obtain without difficulty White diplomas, 
by which they are qualified to hold eccle- 
siastical and civil dignities. Mr. Koster 
saw a very dark mulatto, who was a 
Captain in Chief, that is to say, an officer 
of superior administration. He asked a 
Portugueze gentleman, how it happened 
that a mulatto was permitted to fill so 

high a situation. " Mr. , n replied 

the latter, " was once a man of colour, but 
he is not so now ; he has been bleached 
by a diploma. How came you to ima- 
gine that a mulatto could be a Captain in 
Chief? I can assure you he is as 
white as either you or I." This system 
of equality between the two chief tribes 
of the inhabitants of Brazil, will no doubt 
tend to create a new nation of mixed 


Extract from Jorgensons Travels m 
France and Germany, lately published. 
The following anecdote of that extra- 
ordinary man, which came tq my know- 
ledge during my atay in Germany, is so 
little known in this country, that I send 
it for insertion in the Literary Gazette. 
I was one day conversing with a German 
gentleman, who is deeply skilled io *U 

Digitized by 


18* D*oh$s$ tA*goMm*-Dim**d , $ "Carte *f Term**:' (voi,« 

branches of tttmtore, aad had etadied her a little pottage, which she eat and lay 
tta Foeoch and English a sj th ore with down to rest. She ordered the servant 
great attention* Voltaire sucidantnMy to enter her chamber at precisely three 
became the subject ol conversation : 1 qnarters past eleven on the same evening, 
mentioned, that the great Frenchman She was punctually obeyed. At raid- 
had displayed a wonderful versatility of night she roae y but appeared to have had 
genius : but nothing struck me so much no sleep ; her eyes were red and swollen* 
as the variations of his style when writing One of her women was then in the apart* 
on different topics— I mentioned Zadig meirt, and she told her that she wished to 
as an instance ; who would believe the remain alone ontil twelve o'clock next 
author of this small volume to be the night " Permit me, than, to bring your 
name man that bad written the History Royal Highness some refreshmeat^said 
of Charles XII. or the Letters on the the maid. " My sorrow is sufficient* 
English nation, if we were not wail in- (Here the unfortunate Princess was una* 
tormed of the met t The German, with- Me to repress her tears.)— u But Mad* 
oat intending to detract in the leant from ame will at mast allow me to remain w 
Voltaire s reputation, mformed me, that one of these closets T 9 — " With all m* 
the original Zadig was actually written heart, since you wish to do so ; I feel as 
some cauteries back by a Persian pbiloe- I ought to do the value of your affia> 
opber. A. copy bad found its way into tioo. — " Madame's bed will want raak* 
the East Indies, whence it was transmit- ing again." — *♦ I do not intend to fit 
ted to England ; where it lay without down." — M Alone for four-and-twenty 
notice, till it accidentally mil into the bourn ?" — a I shall be with my virtuous 
hands of Voltaire ; who published it as father, with a tender mother, with my be* 
the production of his own fancy. loved brother, with an snot the model of 
nn/ , tll , a . » M „ A „. . every virtue, and with all good French* 

DUCHESS ANOOULBME. _/ Au 7l . ^ 4k * • n 

m , . . ,..«., meo * Oh ! how short the time will ep* 

The grief eiperieoced by the Duchess fB§r j /^ " (Here sobs choked 

dAngouWmeoutheanmversanesofthe her utterance : for a moment she ap. 
death of her august parents, is universal- ^^ lo ^ suffocated : a profound sigh 
ly known. She has lamented their un- ^Heved her : she suddenly became camt, 
happy fate on the banks of the Danube, and resumed her accustomed serenity.) 
the Dwina, the Thames and the Seine, u Now j am we| , again, very wetl- 
and is still mconsolabk Noluit conso- j tnank yoo^etire ; it is just twelve 
lart, e*« non «^--Tbe following de- o'clock/ Next night at the appoint*! 
tails of the distress of Madame de France h^ ^ Wtkful Birflini of Madame en- 
on the 2lst of January 1^97, cannot fail terod her apartment.— Bring me," said 
to be read with interest.* 1 his august sbef .* a | iu | e po^ guch as I had last 
Princess was then at Vienna; and the n i g ht."—«Bu^Madarne, you, must have 
following account was published in the something more after twenty-four hours." 
Austrian Journafo. _„ £ want nothi ^ M ^ twt 

On the 20th of January, Madame de except a , itlle ^ Madame deFmnce 
France (Ducbe^dAngouleme) retired j^ paased these twenty-four hours in 
toherDed-chaifiberatseveom the eye- meditating^eading, praying and weeping, 
ni ng, desired one of her servants to bring 


From tbt literary Cttctte. 

COVENT-GARDEN, MAY 1817. to, under Abtn Hornet an Africsn 

^kN Tuesday last a new historical play, Admiral, who has landed, to attack the 
^-^ called the Conquest of Turanto or town. He is impelled by the double 
St. Clara's' Eve, was performed. The motive of hostility to the Christians and 
first scene opens with a view of a Moorish to revenge the death ofuis wife, Azoiida, 
body of troops on the shore of Tarea- a Spanish captive, who had perished, ia 

Digitized by 


joj. £.] Dwarfs new P^y.—Drtttnafiic Stack*. |f5 

ooeof bjs^kif^isbei with $e governof, country upon Rinaldo* This produces 
Aiomo de Cvrduba, some twenty years the beet scene in the play, between him 
Wore. In the second scene, Oranid and Valentio : in which • the former uo- 
the governor's daughter, makes a relig- eospectingly complains to the hitter of 
ious offering at a shrine of the Vir- the horridstigma unjustly cast upon hint, 
gin i and Va|epiio,'a young Taran- of haying basely betrayed his country; 
line nobleman, in love with her, over- The governor is afterwards saved from 
hears her praying for the safety of one, execution, by the tears and prayers of 
whom be supposes to be a favoured rival, his daughter Omnia, and the exertions 
He makes love to her and is refused, of Riruildo. Aben fjumet discovers thai 
She goes out* TV floors enter and his wife Azonda was sister to Aloneo d* 
seize him. At Aben Hamet's com- Cordoba ; that Wore her death ^he had 
raand, he bears a summons of surrender, been delivered of a son, and that Binaldo 
to ^Aoozq de Corduba He meets is his son. The innocence of the latter 
there Rxnaldo his suspected rival, a is made to appear. Valentio stabs him- 
yoqng man brought up by the gbver^ seff oa his treason being made known, 
nor and supposed to be a destitute and a peace is cemented by the marriage 
orphan of poor and unknown parentage, of Rinaldo and Crania* A second love 
Valentio meeting a refusal of Orania?$ affair is 'carried on betwtan Isidore, 
band from her father, determines to a companion of Rinaldo, and a young 
betray Taranto to the Moors on the female a companion of Orania. 
desperate hope of obtaining his mistress. m 

Being sent back with a defiance to Aben 

Hamet, he proposes to admit the Moors dramatic sketch of ebicblb. 
in* the town, by a postern gate in a ^^ fc im .-After teeing kU Ore*,, 
subterraneous passage: the , firing of two Altx^der, and OHoiLi . 

guns from the platform to be the signal 

and the price of his treason, any object Jg*? *^ 1 * ***"* for S0 P reme com - 
which he might choose to select from the See Kbmblb comet, the Monarch of the stage, 
general plunder. He afterwards, under J n Alexander, his majestic form, 
Jbe pretext of .ffonfiag Rinaldo .« Y&S££tgZg;ff£? ^^ 
opportunity of signalizing bis valour, His aspect is imperial like his jport. 
contrives to make that unsuspecting SnfhasinieJtsjitthescalptor^froutofJove. 

v A t . r , * Ills ample forehead speaks exalted sense ; 

young man open the postern gate, at Upon hw brow the fate of empires haa«n 
the appointed hour. The Moors The lightnings in his eyes are wont to play, 
«nah in and nftrn- a brave d«fon<>tt And leap forth, with t><e thunder of his voice, 
rush in and alter a orave oettnee x^ngr^ Wlt her armies; aad to make 
Rinaldo is taken prisoner, but in admire- Cheap victoajautend his flaming sword.- 

■~ "* 1 the Roman Cn 

a ifoue-cate, 
H CortolL" 
i in shining mal 
Lion cbaf d 
ihisfory tunv-» 

prepanng to resist tne attack Of a vigilant His stature seem'd of more than human *ze 
and inveterate enemy, gives a grand By rate enlarged.— Upon the Volscian Lord 
* *-• — „> « :.. u:« ~»l~Z f. .«•!.<, #iw* Jle, downward, shot a mortal born'ng glanre. 
enter tainment in his palace. Just as the M W rathfol fires are hurTd f>om EtnWbrow! 
ladies are commencing a dance, the H is temples, with his clenched band t^e struck, 
Moors break in,and amidst the discharges And ^cfioMWk the appellation **Bojr 

J!* ai j rt 1 l. • * u While, loudly storminr o'er the armed field, 

•f fire arms, Atonzo de Corduba 13 taken «* strode, indignant, like the mighty Mars- 
prisoner. The conquest of Taranto But 1 do mock him, by this puling speech. 
JwwM^Uft.*) Afy>n HuniAt invps Rinnltia This sorry painting would — but cannot, paiott 
completed, Aben Hamet gives Hxnaldo s. Sftron i^ e ^o M »borinihebresLt 
hi* liberty ami his signet for sate conduct, Though laogiugeraonotgitMhrfaocy birth.* 
with leave to take with him any one H« mas< *e #wa «m sey.r-This shows him not « 
-> s.^-. l. \\\.*A Tu<*.o ^^ a ^r But as a faint reflection shows the son ; 

person whom be liked. Fbese marks of 0r a , tt r ^ b]t brMh a tempest makes t 

savour and the fact that the Moors had Or as a shallow rill, in «ome grren mend, 

fcond •**»»* ^postern ga^e, *£*{S»^5JE8OT£ 
fasten a charge of having betrayed his 7 W. C. 

tA ATatweem Vol. 3* JUL *?«*. /«<* U|?. 

Kinaiao is taken prisoner, out in aamire- Cheap victo smauy nd his flaming sword.— 
tion of his valour Aben Hamet himself £* who caAlt him in the Roman Cmef, 
takesoff hischains and restores his sword. ^mAS^!^io!& 

11 shining mail 

Digitized by 


186 NcpoUorxi Account of hi$fr$t Campaigns to the Institute, [tout 

K E AN, The tardy growth of loot uncertain yean, - 

A muvatic iLLUtiow; wan-re* rw 1814. Brighten, at once, opooais yoatfcrelhrowi : 

wow miT rvmiAnnmo. Green bads and tender blossoms miogltnft fair 

Dvm Tm amM . tk« «««. m.—«;~« _k~_ With fall-blown honors,in one brilliant wreath. 

biSTooVert ^ a**"* 1 ™* *■«•• ^ whfre ^j |b<l |ndimo 0cea/| ^ ^ 

iamampTe^eandtbefonmeedofprali.e, jfcS^SolTJ^i^ 

Old Drory's alory and ber tword and shield : SfltT^ 

Of him and ate proed* followers, a host S^^Ti^Xiii? w^£n J^U. 

Celebrioos, an/oft beheld w.thj pride, c^S^^SS^S^^ *^ 

Turoin* the tide of well-earnM Conor hone, » •" "IJKW !!*!!£%%£#».. 

tfowsfH-akwebrietyt-^UttcariMsooo &^«^^ n TKfi^^^^; 

80 swiftly shot bis lame from lile to Me, Sgjjj -J* LSlSffJl! ^rEISW 

One fleeting Moon beheld its rapid growth, l^ a ^^I^^ tr £2Sr*i ^2^2*^ ^* 

Ami tee first mod of pmtse bat sWd to swell ForYottthaad Beaety in the baads ofUrre. 
The deep load plaadiuoftaeNattoa'svoicer- i^rw M 

Falm», which o'er other toils, snccessiTe rise, f * 0,Ce y , ° 0, 

* The Company of OraryLaoe Theatre. 

IA. Gas. Jsrfy 1817. 


flans of buonafartr, whkh I heard ed at Stradefla, I bad a right to consider 
Him deliver himself at the pirst the campaign as finished. If Genoa 
class of the institute, at which he had held out, 1 remained firm in my en- 
presided ill august 1800 ; he teas trenched camp at Stradella — the strong- 
first consul, and had recently re- est military position in Italy. I had 
turn eh from marengo. five bridges over the Po ; which reoder- 

( Translated from an Original Manu- ed my communications easy with the 
script fo a Member of the Institute, divisions, C ha bran, Lapeyre, Turreau, 
irto communicated it to the Transla- and Mencey : in case of necessity, I 
tor.) could either summon them to my aid if 

^W^HE army of reserve assembled at attacked, or aid them in case they were. 
■*• Dijon gave me the advantage of M. de Mel as in short, was forced, in or- 
passing rapidly, either into Germany or der to be able to open bis communica- 
mto Italy, as the case might require, tions, to come and offer me battle, on a 
The season somewhat favoured roe— ground which I myself had chosen ; ex- 
the monks of 8t Bernard assured me tremely intersected, covered with wood, 
that. the snow had dissolved this year very favourable to my infantry — the re- 
twenty days sooner than usual : they verse for his cavalry ; and where I had 
received our army, which was a little the disposal of all my troops, 
fatigued by the passage of the Alps, ex- The capture of Genoa changed the 
tremely well ; I had pre-io formed them face of every thing ; henceforward the 
of our arrival ; — I had sent them money, enemy possessed a sure retreat, and very 
and they furnished us with provisions strong positions : he could either retire 
and very good wine. The monks of into Genoa, and defend himself therein 
St. Bernard are an order infinitely re- — deriving bis provisisns from (he sea ; 
•pectable ; it is one of those institutions or line the heights of Bobbio with artil- 
which governments ought never to des- lery, and retire, in spite of my efforts to 
troy — but should protect and encourage oppose him, into Placentia, regit u Man* 
by all the means in their power. tua and Peschiara, put himself into com* 

I arrived in Italy ; I found myself munication with Austria and reduce mf 
behind the enemy, and master of all his to an ordinary war. All my plan of the 
magazines and equipages ; I had ob- campaign would have been frustrated ; 
tallied great advantages, but, once arriv- a great chance presented itself to me — I 

Digitized by 


+ou 2.] Translation of a Manuscript Speech of (he Bx-Emptror Napoleon* 187 

risked it — I set oat from Milan, and they told me that their troops were in 
traversed thirty-two leagues in seven flight, that they could not stop them — 
boars: I commanded the battle of Mon- they asked for support, and requested 
tebello— we gained it, and this victory me to march with my reset ve. I replied, 
caused the enemy's retreat from Genoa ; to all* " Hold out as long as possible-— 
but this same victory weakened my ar- if you cannot, fall back. I perceived 
my— I was obliged to leave two divi- that the enemy had not yet employed 
sione on the other side of the Po, to close his reserve, and, in these kind of affairs, 
the entrance of the states of Milan; they the great object is to make the enemy 
were not, to say the truth, distant from employ all his forces, in managing your 
me above three leagues — but, they would own ; and to make him attack at right 
require three days to effect them in : they and at left, as long as you cannot be de- 
mast have pasted by Placentia, or by ceived, the difficulty being to make him 
Stradella, I had also against me anoth* employ his reserve. He had 34,000 
er disadvantage— the country, from men against at most 20,000, who were 
Montebeilo to Alexandria, is nothing in flight — he bad but to pursue his ad- 
but an immense plain, most advantageous vantage : I repaired to the first line in 
for the Austrian cavalry ; I nevertheless an elegant uniform — I attack them ray- 
resolved to offer a pitched battle, be- self with a demi-brigade — I break their 
cause 1 was in an extraordinary situation, order of battle — I pierce their line, M. 
and that I risked little to gain much, de Melas, who saw roe at the head of 
Beaten — I should retire into my en- the army, and his lines broken, imagin- 
trenched camp of Stradella : I should ed that I had arrived with the reserve to 
pass the Po by my five bridges, protect- reinforce the combat — be advanced on 
ed by my batteries ; without the possi- this point with his own, 6,000 Hungari- 
bility of the enemy's army being able to an grenadiers, the flower of his infantry ; 
hinder it ; I should unite my second this corps filled up the vacancy, and at- 
division with the corps of Moncey, Lee- tacked us in our turn. Seeing this, I 
chy, and Turfeau. I suffered one corps gave way ; and, in a retreat of half a 
of Melas to pass the Po (and be desired league, exposed to their cannon, I rallied 
no better ;) then, superior in numbers, I all the array, and re-formed it in order of 
could attack him with all my forces, if I battle : arrived near my reserve — which 
beat him. Conqueror — I obtained the was composed of 6,000 men, bad rlf- 
same results ; his army, pent up between teen pieces of artillery, and Deesaix for 
us and the river, would have been forced general, and which toot my sheet-anchor 
to have laid down their arms, or to have — I opened, by an extremely rapid move- 
surrendered all their forts. Had I been ment, the whole army. I formed the; 
beaten, which 1 believe impossible, I two wings of Dessaix, and I shewed 
brought myself to a regular war ; and them 6,000 fresh troops. A tremen* 
I had Switzerland for my support dous discharge of artillery, and a despe- 

Determined to give battle, I ordered rate charge at the point of the bayonet, 
an account of the effective strength of broke the line, and cut his two wings : 
my army to be rendered to me : I bad I then ordered Kellermann to attack 
in all 26,000 men; M. de Melas had them with 800. horse, and, as cavalry 
40,000 — 18,000 of which were cavalry, march quicker than infantry; they cut 
At two o'clock in the morning they off from the rest of their army 6,000 
came to inform me that the enemy had Hungarian grenadiers, in sight of the 
fallen on our advanced guard, and that Austrian cavalry ; but this was half a 
our troops gave way: the French like league off, they required a quarter of aa 
not to be attacked. Our troops fell hour to arrive — and I have always 06- 
back somewhat in disorder ; some be- served that it is these Quarters of an 
took themselves to flight : the enemy hour which decide the fate of battles. 
took some prisoners — we had retreated Ke Hermann's troops throw him towards 
a league and a half. The generals of the our infantry — they are all mad* prison* 
advanced guard, Lasnes, Murat, and ers in a moment The Austrian caval- 
Benhier, sent me courier alter courier ; ry then arrived ; but our infantry is in 

Digitized by 


18* Ndpole^nAectmM^taj^Gnipai^ [tbu S 

Hue — its cannon in Ae front — a line dis- Afterwards; turning to toito ri tofolda * 
charge, and a barrier of baytaets, prevent of the Institute — You tee*, tWo tturteir 
their attack ; they retire somewhat hi are two bodies which eifeotfuW eiiefr 
disorder : 1 press tbem with three regi- other 7 there is a inbtiient of panic which 
ments^which had just joined me ; they most bfe seized. All this is nothing btt 
deploy ; and, m seeking to pass the mechanism and moral principle ; see? 
bridge of fioruoda, which is very narrow, what it is to be a member of tlte Imrti- 
a great many were drowned io the river, tute : in fact, all this is nothing bat haftS- 
Tbey were panned till night. tude— when we have seen ttitry aftYhi 

I learnt after the battle, from several we distinguish the moment to a ftfcyy^ 
general officers, ( prisoners,) that, in the ft is as common as a sum in artmfte* 
midst of their success, they were not to 

Without inquietude ; they had a secret The frst time I peeetratefl tato Itavf ; 
presentiment of their defeat Dining I found there a good governhielit-—ti 
the fight they cmestioned our prisoners, Htde despotic it is true, but taiHiy admi* 
asking them. Where is General Boons- histered. This time it Was widely drf- 
parte V u He b in the rear," (hey re- ferent— a re-action bad commenced wiA 

1>lied; — and those who bad already fury ; they had imprisoned, condem n ed 
ought against me in Italy, who knew ny fend fined, all those who had tafe* aMy 
custom to reserve myself for the end, part in the government. I had placed 
exclaimed, •• Our day's work is not ytt in different charges of the Cisateme're- 
do*e. n public thepartizans of Austria — because 

They confessed also that when I ft is my system to neutralise the greet 
shewed myself at the first fine, they masses in order that the country where 
were completely deceived, and that they I carry the war may not be an inclosed 
believed all my reserve were engaged, list, but a theatre* Well!— AH these 
In battles there is always a moment, people had been regarded with an evil 
when all the Lravc men have done their eye, and confounded in the hatred whfeh 
best, when they seek nothing better than they bore to the revolutionists, 
to run away ; but these are misgivings Moreover, the English, Russians, and 
of the heart, they want a pretext— the Turks, had, in Italy, by despising the 
talent is to give them one. religion of the country, in the degree that 

At Arcole I gained the battle with they scrupulously observed their ow'n, 
twenty-five horsemen. 1 perceived the entirely indisposed the inhabitants, Tbr 
critical moment of lassitude in each ar- whom the ejctent of religion is much 
toy ; I saw that the Austrians, io spite more than wifh us in France. Still more, 
of their being old soldiers, would have the Austrian notes were sitty per cent 
been well content to find themselves in beneath par,' which (hey forced the' Ital- 
their camp ; and that my Frenchmen, tans to take as ready money, compiled 
all brave as they were, had wished to be the alienation of their good will. They 
in their tents : all my forces had been were enchanted to perceive that we paid 
engaged — more than once I had been for every thing in hard cash — "Here are 1 
forced to re-establish the battle. There the French Louis again*;** Ecci i Lufgt 
remained to me but five-and -twenty di Francia tornaH I It would seem thai 
guides ; I sent tbem on the flanks of the kings are at this moment at their seventeen, 
enemy with three trumpets, sounding a hundred and ninety4hree ; they issue 
charge very loud. " Here is the French thei£ assignats, make their requisitions, 
cavalry,** is the cry ; and they are in and thqy fatten their priests, 
flight. It is true that one must seize the II was a Turkish corps which guarded 
moment — a moment sooner or later ft our Lady of Loretto, and who were can- 
had been useless : had I sent 15,000 toned in the church $ I had 'apt thus 
horse, the infantry would have etecuted much difficulty in ranging the Italians 
a quarter of a conversion ; covered by on my side : I said to them, ""The Aud- 
its pieces, it would have made a good trians pretend to be the defenders of your 
discharge, and the cavalry would hot religion, and they bring you a set of 
even have attacked. Protestant English, *ho burn (be pops 

Digitized by 


*>u&] Rtbett Sauthcy, Beq: WO 

•nceayearin Si Peter's-equare ;+ a they tatos any oath yon with4 and such 
lumber of Rossians, who have beea was all I wauled. 
teflerScand sehisrnitie since tbe fifth can* I* Italy I employed some priests : in 
fury ; mad, to crown all, a parcel of Egypt H was my car* to fill the adram- 
Mahometan Turks, a race of infidels, iatraiioo with them ; wa knew*«ot too 
Whilst I—I am a Catholic ; I hare language* but we had wadt of imerme- 
fought against the Turks— I am almost dietors between us and the people ; their 
a crusader. character and their wealth gaw them a 

i estabiiabed several priests in the go-r- certain influence ; besides, -they are great 
ernmentof the Cisalpirte repobHc ; thw cowards, know not the nee of arms, nor 
Italian priests are tolerant, bnt they 1btnv how to mount a horse, 
not a separate and powerful body, like [They spoke to him of Dessaix :— ] 
th* clergy in France ; besides, acctis- He was tbe best general of the Frew* 
tomed to be conquered twice an age, armies— he possessed every requisite r 
Aey lift op the hand as often as desired ? in Upper Egypt they gave him bo other 

\ r. • • . . L . .u SJ . ... Mme tnai1 ** ** 6°** miltaa— -the juat 

+ It it singular that the idea is prevalent in __.!,__ »» ° 

France, that the pope ii regularly and bftciat- 8WIIM »- 
l^tmrBtta ~ • - • -*« ■ - 

translator fa 
tfon, why i 


'Tram Uw Utartry Gazette. 

ROBERT BdTJTHEY, Esq. Poar-LAt7afeA*rc. 

rTiHE families from which Mr. Rob- him in reading some of our best writers 
-** ert Southey is descended, both on of tbe old school, converted his .youth I id 
bis fathers and on his mothers side, are and transitory passion for the muses into 
of great respectability, in the county of a fixed and enthusiastic attachment. — 
Somerset, and at the time the subject of We have been shown by one of his 
the present memoir was born, on the school- fellows, two copies of verses said 
}£tb of August, 1774, the father was to have been written by Southey when 
engaged in an extensive business in the he was about fourteen years old, Dvtp 
city of Bristol. To obtain the first thought, which is the offspring of ex- 
rudiments of knowledge, young Southey perience, cannot, of course, be expeci<\i 
was placed under the care of a Mr. in them, but they may be justly admired 
Foote, who kept a small school in for the very easy and musical flow of the 
jlristol, but before he had reached his numbers. Most probably the great 
aeventh.year he was removed to asem- attention he paid to English poetry, was 
laaryatCarstou.* — After continuing there the* true reason why bis Latin verses 
about two years, he returned to his gained him little credit, while he remain- 
p alive place, where he was put under ed at Westminster school. His amiable 
the care of a clergyman. . At a very early and inoffensive manners' attracted the love 
age his friends discovered in him talents of his companions though from his rev 
and qualities that deserved to be placed tired disposition and hislove of study, or 
in a higher sphere thap that in whilh hia more properly of reading, be seldom 
lather had moved ; they therefore de- joined in tbe noisy mirth of school-boy 
signed him for the church. With a exultation. 

view to give him every advantage, Robert At tbe age of a little more than eigh- 
Soutbey, in the year 1787, was sent to teen, in Nov. 1792, Mr. Soutbey wus, 
Westminster school. His maternal aunt, enteied a commoner of Baliol College, 
Miss Tyler, vyas extremely fond of her Oxford. His father was at this time in 
promising nephew, took great pains po condition, from losses in trade, to 
with his education, and by encouraging defray bis expenses, which were paid, we 

Digitized by 


190 JtoeW Sd*&*y, E$q. [k % 

believe^ in a great meefora, by hbrntBr- nisation, which rtf Stance had bean 
mil untie the Rev. Mr. Hill, (formerly carried to so ridiculous an extent, was 
many yearscbaplaia of the British factory transplanted into England. The tana 
at Littbon^andoow c^Streatham, Surrey,) fellow students vowed an eternal brotherly 
and by hie aunt Mies Tyler, a lady of affection, tad, heated with the prevailing 
ooaatderabie fortune. About three democratic*] opinions upon the revolution 
months after the college rolls had received in France, listening only to the favoura- 
tfee name of Robert Soutbey, the King ble representations, and remembering 
of France was beheaded, the Revolution that but ten years previous what was 
being at that time at its height Whoever tanned by some the " ever glorious work 
recollects that the ux>et specious pretences of independence" bad been effected ia 
of pubtoc benefits were then held out by America, they left college with a deter- 
tbese who were only anxious to secure mi nation to forsake their native country, 
their own private interests, that the whole (where they then idly thought an in* 
empire wasdivided into two great parties, destructible system of slavery was 
the young and enthusiastic, who oonfi- established,) to settle on the fertile banks 
deotly looked forward to the happiest re* dfthe Susquehauna. 
sobs, being ranged on the one side, and It was an age of madness, and many 
the experienced and timid, who dreaded others entertained the same wild project 
that *' a death-blow would be given to all with which the youthful poets were en- 
rational liberty," (to use Mr. Burke's chanted. If persons of cold and calcu- 
words,) being united on the other, wilt latirig minds, uninfluenced by any thing 
notwonderat finding the naineofSe«they< bait a supposed estimate of augmented 
in the ranks of the former. Const itu- interest, entered into such a vain schemer 
tional energy of feeling and warmth of it is not wonderful that three bop, (to* 
imagination, naturally attached a young they were little more,) gifted withimagn 
man of eighteen to a cause which, even nations soaring towards ** the highest 
to graver heads, seemed to promise so Heaven of invention," should promise 
much: nor can we severely blame a delights of more than human transport, 
choice which, however erroneous, was that none but (hemselves could foresee, 
governed, not by any factious or ambi* and depict scenes dressed in more than 
tious spirit, but by the purest love of the gay luxuries of nature that only fancy's 
genuine liberty ; the fault was judging eye could behold, 
too benevolently of the views of the chief When the three friends quitted col- 
instigators of the Revolution : their ad- leg" they repaired to Bristol, for the pur- 
mirers u drew men as they ought to be, pose of carrying their design into exe- 
not as they are." The result has undo- cut ion. We understand that Mr. South* 
ceived Mr. Sou they, and half Euroj>e ey's father was at this time dead. — A 
with him ; to have changed an opinion Mr. Allen, Mr. Burnett, (the author of 
with all experience in favour of the al- the History of Poland,) and several 
teration, cannot surely be imputed as a others, were to accompany them in this 
crime : the offence is, and no slight one, expedition. They were to form an inde- 
to continue to maintain, with something pendent colony on the banks of the Sus- 
worse than senseless obsti nary, the truth quf*hanna,and consistently with the reign* 
and justice of the exploded opinions ing views at that time, they were to have 
which those who now uphold them were every thing in common, and, as the tide 
formerly deeply interested to support. which they gave their society implies, aH 
At Oxford, during the year 1703, Mr. were to Jiave the same share in the ad- 
Southey became acquainted with two ministration of the pontic affairs of their 
fellow commoners, Mr. S. T. Coleridge new government. It was termed a Pol- 
and Mr. Lovell : they formed a triumvi- tiaocracy. 

rate of enthusiasts in politics and poetry, Mr, oouthey and his relations had for 
and the«mHarity of literary pursuits and some time been acquainted with a family 
ofpoliticalsentrtnents.soon united them of the name of Flicker, in which there 
in bonds of the most strict and confident were four daughters, three of whom were 
rial friendship. The systora of frater- at that time of a marriageable age. To 

Digitized by 


*>ju 2.] Robert SwUhty E*q. . 191 

one of these young ladies Mr. Southey sibte,) migbtmettpone or prevent. He 
bad, we believe, previously formed an therefore determined, contrary to* the 
attachment, aad as it was necessary, in advice of hie friends, we believe, i in- 
order to render the colony more extensive mediately to marry the lady he bad cho- 
and flourishing, and as young poets lose sen, aad on the very day of the solem- 
half their inspiration in the absence of ligation be left Bristol to accompany his 
females, it was, after some previous ne» uncle to Spain. To no part of his 
gociations, agreed that Mr. Coleridge mmily was this connection more dis- 
and Mr. Lovell should marry the other pleasing than to Miss Tyler, whose ob- 
two sisters, and that Mrs. Fricker and jections were continued for a considerable 
her youngest daughter should accompany time after the event, 
the expedition.' Of course the whole. When Mr. Southey left England, the 
scheme, but particularly the marriage of period fixed for his return was the end 
her nephew into a family whose wealth of six months, and almost to a day he 
was by no means a recommendation, kept the appointment he had made. Mrs.' 
met with the strong disapprobation of Miss Southey, in the mean time, boarded at 
Tyler, who used her utmost exertion to the house of a friend in Bristol. After 
prevent its execution. We know not his arrival in hie native country, Mr. 
exactly to what cause the defeat of this Southey for some years remained in his 
visionary plan is to be attributed : native city and its vicinity in the enjoy- 
whether to the representations of Miss ment of the tranquil pleasures of a do- 
Tyler, the entreaties of Mr. Southey 's mestic circle, enlivened by the company 
mother, or the onwillingness of Mrs. of the choicest friends that society af- 
Fricker, whether to the changes in the fords. He pursued his literary labours, 
political world, or whether to the arrival or rather his literary pleasures, with 
efthe Rev. Mr. Hill, (Mr. Southey 'e great seal and industry, and laid the foun- 
*maternal uncle, whose name we have dation of several of the works he has 
before mentioned) from Portugal, at siuce published. We did not interrupt 
that juncture. Mr. Hill was in possess our notice to observe, that in 1795 he 
won of a living at Hereford, which oblig* produced a volume of poems inconjunc- 
ed him to return to England annually, tioa with Robert Lovell, under the 
and one of these visits occurred just at classic names of Moschus and Bidn: 
the time the young adventurers were titles perhaps not well chosen, when we 
contemplating their speedy embarkation consider the nature of most of the pieces, 
for their trans-Atlantic expedition. although it must be admitted that ot'-all 

On bis return to Lisbon in 1795, (the the writers among — 

T*°T n ^^ OThr learned Gwks rlch : nflt 

\f relinquished by all the parUeS, bu lovely marriage of pure words" 

particularly by Mr. Southey) Mr. Hill j -* r «• 

proposed to take his nephew with him, there wenone that seem to approach so 
and with great persuasion, the young nearl y *o tl,e modern style of thought 
nan 9 * consent was at last obtained. a,wi expression. Southey at this time 

The marriage of Mr. Southey and ! »« d not attained his twentieth year, and 
Miss Fricker, which had been contracted Lowell was younger. The year follow- 
under the notion of a settlement in North >ng that of his marriage, 1796, appeared 
America, had not at this time (1795) his Joan o« Arc, which is stated to have 
been solemnised, but on Mr. Hill un- been written in the short space of six 
dertakmg to conduct his nephew to weeks. 

Portugal, it was concluded that the nup- I he gratification and improvement 
tials should not be celebrated until after experienced by Mr. Southey in his tin* 
bis return. The attachment of Mr visit to the Peninsula, induced him alter 
Southey, however, was too strong to remaining in England about six yearn, to. 
ntlowhimto rest his happiness upon the project a return thither in company with 
unsure footing of a distant union, that a his wife, which he accomplished in 4 he 
thousand accidents (of nine hundred and begmniiis of tiie year 1800, and (or six- 
•iotty-mne ef which lovew alone are sen- toao months he was emi>loj(c4 in travel- 

Digitized by 


ling through various peria^Spetfi and t)**y wwe married* * foes under the roQf 
PoriagaJ, The observation* he made of be? brother-in-law, and educates bis 
upon the man owe of the people, upon daughters, of whom there are four. Mr. 
the govemeaeat of the count* y, and the &• has also one 90a of about tbe age of 8 
results of bin tasteful and kboneus lite* yea/a, whom he takes great pleasure io 
wry investigations were given to tbe educating himself. Mr. Soutbey is a 
public oa his return to bis attire land, io> man of a most happy and domestic tem- 
the letters which be wrote to Euglaod per, delighting in the society of bis chil- 
during his absence. They are too well dren even in his most laborious hours ; 
known to need any comment; that work and from habit he has obtained such a 
and Lord Holland's lite of Lope de Vega power of abstraction as to be able to 
eontaio a great mass of information re- pursue his studies in their company, 
apectiug the literature of tjjie Peninsula, In tha month of September 1813, Mr. 
until then little attended to in this oouu- Southey accepted the office of poet* 
try. In Germany tbe critics bad formed laureate on the death of the late occu- 
a. much higher estimate of its value, pant, Mr. Pye. As to the question of 
He also about this time published, in political consistency, surely the moment 
conjunction with Mr. C. Lamb, Sir H. when all hearts are animated by but one 
Davy, tmd others, two volumes of poems eentiuieat of exultation at the recent gio- 
called tbe Annual Anthology. rious events, which have destroyed what 

Towards the close of the year 1801, all admit to have been an odious tyranny, 
Mr. Southey obtained the appointment is not a time to revive political animo- 
of Secretary to Mr. Cony, at that time sities ; and surely when we have just wit- 
Cbancellor of tbe Exchequer for Ireland, ne*sad the bloody progress and happy 
and continued to hold the place until his denouement of die French re vol u nonary 
principal quitted tbe office, when we tragedy, it is not a time to censure those 
believe that Mr. Southey s talents and who have repented of the errors of youth- 
services received a reward which they ful ardour. To such as maintain that 
eminently merited. Before, however, the laureate is a person who must neces- 
he entered upon the duties of this office, sarily model his views by those of the 
he laid before the public his peem of court, we ask whether there have not 
Thulaba, the Destroyer, which excited a been exceptions to this rule, and whether 
strong sensation in the literary com- the mode of Mr. Soutbey's appointnient 
munity. Much learned dust was raised does not enable him, if it be requisite, to 
i?i disputes respecting the pre-eminence add to the number of those exceptions? 
of its merits or defects, but the decision He is required to produce no slavish 
of tbe public was unquestionably in its birth-day odes ; none have been pub- 
favour. In 1801 also appeared a volume lished ; but, above all, supposing we 
of miscellaneous pieces, none of which admitted all that is alleged on this 
can be read without some degree of subject, we would ask if this be not a 
praise ; it was followed by a second period when tbe applauses that might 
volume of the same kind a few years be bestowed by the laureate upon tbe re- 
a Iter wards. cent effort* of government, would not be 

In tbe autumn of 1802, or the spring echoed by tbe whole population of libe- 
of 1803, Mr. Southey retired to tbe ro- rated Europe? 

mamic vicinity of Keswick, in Cumber- As for his poem of Wat Tyler, written 
lan<|, where he has, with the interrup- at the age of nineteen, we do not wish to 
tion only of short visits to London, re- defend all its principles, neither, we pre- 
sided ever since, surrounded by his family, eume, would Mr. Soutbey himself. We 
The house in which he hves is divided shall however, observe, that tbe fact of 
in the centre: one half is occupied by its having never been published by the 
Mr. Southey, bis wife, and children, and author, is sufficient to shew, that be 
theotiwr half by Mrs. Coleridge ( istcr iiitnseifdisapprovedof)t,and tbatitaattb- 
to Mrs. South«»y) and her two sou*, sequent publication by others, was a 
Mr*. Lovell, who it will be remembered malicious attempt to bring him into die- 
is also a sister of Mrs. Southey, but t^race and odium. la .private life, if a 
whose husband died a short time after man correct bis bad Jiabits, every one 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

vat. 1] Tkt Qmnt de Sfe Mary* If 

joins in hfs commendation. But bow before breakfast, bis progress in any u 
different is tbe system of political mo- dertakrag is very rapid. % 

raiity ! Here, to reform is to apostatize ; Tbe following is a list of suck of M 
to acknowledge past error, is to augment Southey's works as have not been already 
it by the crime of desertion ; to adhere to mentioned : — 
a measure which one's friends hare for- Amadis de Gaol, from tbe Spanish of Gar- 

saken, is called forsaking one's friends, cU !^'* d ' M J^ Wo **™}?'}? ao ; l ^\^ 

■ ' .. » *•_ *V • j • .i« The Works of Thomas Cbattertoo, (published 

and to adhere to those friends in their for tbe benefit of his sister, Mrs. Newton,) 

abandonment of it, is called abandoning 3 vols, 8vo. 1803. 

oneV.RBOciple* For our own part,, J*S£S?Sl^B,2l* Pcu, wiihprc 

such is our opinion of Mr. Southey s Ihninary Notes, 3 vols. Svo. 1807. 

tfnottves for having recanted bis early *?kaeria i©r England, from tbe ^Portogaesa 

^™; A «. «„ j ~r«i.- _***:.,«. *t *k^ -,k1 of Francis de Moraes, 4 vols. 1807. 

Opinions, and of the motives of those who i^,^ from En gi and by t)on Manuel Vel- 

bave raised an outcry against him, that aao^esEroridla, (not aJMately acknowledge 

rve would much rather be the objects of g^ f&jj*™*'** attrflmted to, Mr. 

atich obloquy than the authors of it The Remains of Henry Kirke White, with 

We understand that Mr. Southey has an Account of bis Life, 2 vols. 8vo. 1807. 

i „^,v A - **„^~, n«* **r *k Am The Chronicle of the Cid Rodngo Dmx de 

several works ra progress. One of them Bi?ar? from the g™,^ 4to . 180 &* 

h a poem strictly epic, tbe hero of which, Tbe History of Brasil, Vol. 1. 4to. 1810. Vol. 

singular as it may seem — is a member of l *^** l J' ttr . A ^ 1Q11 

«t. o 'a rw- j mf • 41 l The Corse of Kehama, a poem, 4to. 1813. 
the Society of Friends. This is not the omniana, 8 volt. foolscap\8vo. 1812. 
only work of that nature finished ; and tife of Lord Nelson, 2 vols. 8vo. 1813. 
as Mr. Southey ja understood to make it gj^ J££SS^' 4l °* 18U# 
a rule to write 40 lines every moming fitter to W.Smith, Esq. M. P. 8vo.l517. 


From tAeOtattroan'* Mapriac. 

Mr. Urban, Jidxj 29, 1817. " You may have seen, in the Journt 

THE followingletter, dated July 2£, de Paris, and the Quotidicnne, a vo/ 
contains the particulars of a fatal duel slight notice of a Duel, which termini* 
which took place last week in Paris, and ed in the death of one of the party' 
terminated in the death of a most amiable Tbe other journals have been precluc 
and accomplished Nobleman, the Count from mentioning it at all : and ro* 
de St. Morys, well known to the literary will doubtless be taken to cast the blj 
world by his " Travels in Scandinavia," ~on iMe Nobleman who fell*. 4iuT"tr 
his " Tableau de la Lilerateur du IHme truth n» of too much consequence, , 
SUdef his " jfpcrpis sur la Politique throws too strong a light vn the ?' 
de V Europe? and several other works feelings and motives of political pa* 
breathing the genuine spirit of liberality, here, for me to suffer you to reraail 
united with cultivated taste, and with ignorance of tos^^ I 

the sentiments of loyalty and trae hon- " The names oftbe-combatants* ^ 
our. The picture of black and sangui- the Count de St. Morys, a Lieutj 
»ary malignity which is exhibited in- the of the Gardes du Corps, and M. B*. 
conduct of bis murderer (for we can af- a halt-pay officer. Of M. de St. \} 
Cosd his antagonist no better designation personal qualities I can speak whh^ 
according to the statement before us) is but too painful an accuracy ; fori kV**- 
xnost revolting ; but at the same time it him well : and certainly a more honour- 
is instructive in developing the natural able, a more amiable, a n ore fratik, 
results of those principles which are still open-hearted, ingenuous character could 
at work for the subversion of tbe French not exist. To the purest loyalty, he 
throne, and the destruction of all that is added the most perfect disinterested r>e>? 
loyal and honourable in France. It is With an ardent love for hiscountr), lw 
hoped, the French Government will act united a liberol pral for the rational 
with due energy ; and cause the mur- freedom and solid yterests ot mank ud. 
4«ror to bn brought to justice. He was passionately fond of pbilesoufc!- 

Yo«ri,&c. Homo. n ATH£**^ d $Gt> C 

'U Tits Count de St. Morys, author of Travels in Scandinavia, &fc. [yoiJl 

ar..* I 'vrary studies, of the fine arts, to the then prevailing policy of Buona- 
•ienV culture aud improvement of parted Government, he was even solicited 
- T.pui* t-Mteiu the country, to which to act as Mai re of the Commune. On 
m dtsiioui^i all the time that could be his arrival at Houdainville, he found the 
spnnci It'jui his professional duties, and splendid residence of his father in ruins. 
ttit rcq/Mie attendance on the royal The tyrants, who in the name of the Na- 
ptr-.on. bnch was his disposition; his tion,guillotined, plundered, and persecuted 
history was no less interesting to those nine-tenths of France, had seized and 
who haw any notion of what true ho- sold the edifice to one Barbie r, who 
rtuur is, aud can distinguish it from the bought it for a trifle, merely to pull it 
fal-e aid heartless pretensions to it, down, and make money of the materials, 
wt'icb are but too frequent in the pre- The evil was without remedy : and Count 
*eot day. M. de St. Morys' family St. Morys submitted to it with the utmost 
nit ..c was Vialart: he was descended cheerfulness. Fortunately a small part 
♦mm Michel de Vialart, Ambassador of of the estate had been settled on his 
F'nice to Switzerland, in the reigns of mother, who is still living. On this part, 
Henry HI. and Henry IV. ; and by later were the stables of the former chateau : 
alienees his family was closely con- and the Count actually converted bis fath- 
netiHj with one of the Electoral Houses er's stables iutoa residence tor himself, his 
iu fi.-ii. any. His father possessed an wile, and a daughter, of whom he was 
an. pie domain in the department ot the justly proud, and to whose education be 
0»se, and built there the magnificent dedicated the tno*t anxious attenlioo. 
chateau of Houdainville in a style cor- Here, peaceable and respected, he dis- 
re^poudont to his noble fortune. At- charged the humble functions of a Village 
t--( Med, like *o many other French no- Magistrate, he became a Member of the 
Meinen, to the Hou<e of Bourbon, be Electoral College, and finally of the 
a';. MJoned his country, his fortune, his Council General of his department. He 
.■ an • lul h it, his fine collection of published two or three interesting works, 
» . itjis ::r«l drawings, and took with particularly his travels into Scandinavia; 
im hi* »o», then a youth of 17, to join and being ever desirous of converting 
lustantlM'.l >f the Princes at Coblentz. even his amusements to general utility, 
iere, utter laving served with distinc- he formed a new and singular collection 
u in one o two campaigns, the young of the various species ot willows, planting 
unt Hi it" d a niece of the celebrated them for the purpose ol experiment, on 
do Calonne; in consequence of several parts of his property. 
,<•}). be ai forwards accompanied that "One would have thought that of all 
It. •==•«* iji various missions to differ- men the purchaser and demolisber of 
F ropi*an Courts. He subsequently the chateau of Houdainville should have 
v< .led nlone into Scandinavia : and respected the Count de St. Morys. I 
rind to reside for some years with speak not of that delicacy of sentiment, 
ady, a woman of great beauty and whicli might have led one man of honour 
mplishments, in England, where to restore to another man of honour his 
iluvnted the study of English lite- ancestral seat, for the mere sum it bad 
e with ^reat success. The father cost him. lam aware, that the liber- 
, g.illantlv fighting for his King and ality of the present day, is far too selfish 
•try at Quiberon. The uncle M. for such conduct as that ; but at least 
,..i,on»% vlevoted all the wealth he Barbier should have treated with the 
ii. ; a savi'd troin the grasp of the Revo- consideration due to his misfortunes, a 
J ioni t . to »he service of the Royal man who owed those misfortunes to 
brothers l * n\ • ; XVIII. and Monsieur, principles the most pure, and bore them 
Tiie*on. having returned to Fmnce ia wit^ *qn:d di«*im*' and mildness Count 
>MfriP«'n.,- to ti «• r« St. M. ,^ .,t->t*r Ijit'-iihed a wwh for the 
. *viul S , ,.:\, w {.- -i,- i«*H,,tiiiit n <.it his property. Before the 
«.*» t.t Fu'i .-. V riot r. c K«vor :, tiOM. he knew it world be useless: 
. ■ \» -- m . » *. a. il .'£ ;»fter tin: Ke*tor;iuen, the King's con rir- 
. en ti 'nJ.t'i.n % »- tuI[.~ to nation ol the :s lt*s of the so tailed 
'" •* aiuTule »■,»•.. ..*:ordt:tg Nat:oi;i»l denmms suod in the way: 

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voi* 2.] Memoirs of the Count de St. Morys. 195 

and Count St. Morys had been taught prowled about the country, threatening 

from his birth to consider the word of a to plunder and burn the houses of all 

King as sacred. # This dignified, this the Royalists. Barbier, on the other 

honourable, this unpretending behaviour hand, hoisted the tri-coloured cockade, 

only served to irritate the mind of Bar- and came forward with alacrity in the 

bier ; for Barbier was a soldier of the cause of the Usurper. \i'\s triumph. 

Usurper, a despiser of the Hotise of however, was short : the second restora- 

Bourbon, a hater of the man whose tion took place. The Count de St. Morys 

patrimony he enjoyed. was as active on this as on the former 

44 Circumstances soon occurred to em- occasion ; and was the first person to 

bitter this hatred, to render it deep, ma- cause the white flag to be substituted 
lignant, diabolical. At the first entry of for the tri-colour on the Palace of the 

the Allies, the Count was at Paris ; he Thuilleries. 

was one of the most active in hoisting " Barbier, pardoned with all the other 
the white cockade; he with his own rebels by his Sovereign, was too insigniti- 
hands tore down Buonaparte's Eagle at cant an object to excite the enmity of 
the theatre the first night the Allied So- the Count de St. Morys ; but his own 
vereigns appeared there ; he was one of violent passions would not leave him at 
the earliest to ofier his services, and to peace. He continued to annoy and ca- 
be enrolled in the King's Gardes du lumniate the Count as much as possible ; 
Corps. Yet even after the restoration, encouraged by those who take every 
so far was he from any thing like in- opportunity of creating an odium against 
tolerance, that he would not believe the institution of the Gardes du Corps. 
there could remain in France an J- serious At length he published a libellous pamph- 
attachment to the Usurper; and he at let against the Count, in which be chnl- 
the most joined in the good humoured lenged him to single combat. The 
raillery of those who affected still to Count hereupon presented himself at tire 
speak of Buouaparte as * the Emperor,' place of meeting, accompanied by three 
and to give indistinct hints of the hopes of his brother ufficers of the Gardes du 
they had fixed on the Isle of Elba. M. Corps, and a respectable neighbour of 
de St. Morys was indeed reproached by both parties, belonging to the depart- 
some of his friends, as leaning too much ment of the Oise. At this first meeting 
towards the soi-disard liberal party, of the other gentlemen asked M. Barbier 
being too great an admirer of the Eng- what were the complaints against Count 
lish Constitution, and too indiscreet in St. Morys. He answered vaguely, and 
the warmth with which he pleaded for was totally unable to assign any reason- 
the abolition of the Slave Trade. able ground of dispute. Then M.deSt. 

** On this last point, indeed, he in- Morys said to him, with the utmost 

sisted with great eloquence 1n a pamph- cooliiess, It is not you, Sir, that have 

let published at Paris in February 1815, been injured, for you cannot state any 

and intended to serve as the first part of offence that I have given you ; but it is 

an essay on European politicks. But I who am the injured person, in conse- 
his literary pursuits were soon inter- queuce of the infamous letter that you 

rupted by the fatal revolution of the 20th have printed and distributed against my* 

of March. The Count de St. Morys flew character. I therefore have the choice 

to his post. He guarded the precious of arms, and I propose to you the sword." 

life of the King on the painful journey Barbier refused. * The pistol?' 'No,* 

towards the frontier. He remaiued to said Barbier, * I do not choose that we 

the last in command at Bethune to co- should both fight with pistols. I am 

ver the retreat of Monsieur ; and after determined that one or other of us shall 

discharging that important duty, escaped die ; and therefore I will have only on 

alone, and with extreme difficulty, to of the pistols loaded. We will draw lets 

Ghent, for the choice ; and then we will meet in 

•* Meanwhile, at Houdainville, Ma- our shirts, without witnesses, place the 

dame and Mademoiselle de St. Morys muzzle of our pistols against each other's 

were shut up, in a state of terror, and breasts* and so fire.' The Count oe St. 

of real danger from the Faleih t who Morys thought he could not ^^ 

' ' ° Digitized by VjVjXjyiC 

' 96 Biographical Mtmoirs of SchUler, the Poet. [vou f 

is sanguinary proposal ; bat the officers each party was attended by a Marecbal- 
v,ho acoompained him, struck with de-Camp and two Colonels. They net 
horror at its unexampled savagenese, in the Champs Elyseeaj and fired four 
refused 10 permit such a meeting to take shots with pistols, which proving ieef- 
,>lace, and referred the point to the cod- fectuai, they took to their swords, and 
^deration of their corps, who unani- the brave and excellent St. Morys was 
mously decided, that it would be a run* through the body, and died on the 
deliberate assassination; and that the spot. 

Gardes du Corp3 would be dishonoured " In England the Moody and pretned- 
if they Buffered one of their members to itated vengeance of Barbier would on- 
engage in such a duel. doubtedly affix to his crime the guilt of 

** A gentleman, acquainted with both murder; and if convicted, be would as 
parties, called upon Barbier, to remon- certainly be hanged. Here, on tee 
st rate on his ferocious conduct, and in contrary, it will probably recommend 
the course of the conversation asked him him to the favour of a powerful party; 
this question : * Sir, if the loaded pistol the police win not suffer the name of 
had fallen to your hand, and you had my lamented friend to be mentioned in 
known thai it was loaded, could you have the journals ; whilst in the salons, and 
had the heart to discharge it at your ad- private conversations, care will be takes 
▼ersaryf /*Yes, Sir,' said Barbier, *I to represent the duel as ha vine proceed* 
would bdaVsbot him dead.* • Well, Sif, ed from the insolent pretensions of ao 
I can tell you then, that M. deSt. Morys Emigrant, a Nobleman, and an Officer 
would have acted differently ; he would of the Gardes du Corps. Nay, I should 
have fired in the air.* ' If he had/ said not be surprised, if advantage were taken 
Barbier, 4 he would have acted like a of the Count's death to postpone, and 
fool, and I should have given him no ultimately to refuse payment to his family 
thanks for it* of the sums due to him from Govern- 

" Such was the savage spirit of revenge ment, and already acknowledged as 
t"d hatred with which this man pursued such by the Commissioners for tbetiqui- 
thc person, whom, as I have above ob- dation of the Royal Accounts. 
>t rved," he ought, of all others, to have " 1 can say nothing to you of the af- 
i.atedwith tenderness and respect. , I fliction in which this event must plunge 
own I am astonished, after this, that the Count's family ; especially his amia- 
: - y man pretending to sentiments of hie and interesting daughter, who is 
honour, or to the character of a gentle- just married, and whose affection for a 
man, should have ever gone out as his father, who formed her mind with so 
second. But party-spirit, I suppose, much care, is carried to a pitch of en- 
bliuded his associates to the atrocious thusiasm. This subject is too painful 
malignity of his conduct ; and, in fine for contemplation. — Adieu. £. n 


from tt* Uunty Gtsette. * 

.' -TCHTLLER had Ixvn a Physician ; in his attachments he poured forth all the 

w - * an ^d* in ■ ^:;iat;ja inspired him vehemence of his soul. But as soon as 

with a taste for the Theatre, and his glo- etiquette was banished, he resumed bis 

ry as a dramatic poet is established. freedom, and nobody could then be more 

Possessing naturally a timid disposi- entertaining. His conversation abound- 

tion, he displayed, when in company, a ed with sallies and traits ; he denied 

mbre and constrained air. It was ex- himself no pleasure ; he participated in 

jmely difficult to become familiar with every amusement, and when Schiller was 

iim ; a strange countenance embarrassed absent, regret supplied his place. 

1m (i, and deprived him of all his ad van- His partiality for the fair sex bordered 

tu^o*. At first sight, no one would have on veneration. At Leipzic he loved two 

H vi»*ed that love and friendship eonsti- sisters with enthusiasm ; st Dr^sdpn. th 

* J »e charm oi his exist nice, and that "most charming woman in Suoi*; imhi 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



him captive, and from that time his no- 
tions of beauty were of a less Platonic 
nature than before. When he discoursed 
on this subject, his features became ani- 
mated, be raised his bead ; and as be 
was at this time labouring at his Carlos, 
he infused all the fire of this passion mto 
the heart of his heroine. 

He could not endure the etiquette 
maintained in mixed companies at Dres- 
den. His love for independence was 
such, that he could not work with closed 
doors. The aspect of nature, a walk in 
the country, the irregular course of wa- 
ters and torrents, or a storm in all its vio- 
leoce,.were best suited to his taste, and 
the desire he constantly entertained for 
powerful excitements. 

If Schiller had written much, his pro- 

fits would have been considerable , 
wrote very slowly ; he had scarcely 
ished one sheet, when Kdtzeboe hau 
written six. His health was moreover- 
extremely delicate, and a pulmonary af- 
fection rendered close application very 
oppressive to him. 

As a friend and a husband, he rigidly 
fulfilled every duty. His death, which 
took place at Weimar in 1805, was uni- 
versally lamented. As a Physician, he 
foretold the period of his dissolution ; as 
a Philosopher, he beheld its approach 
without fear ; but as a father, he dreaded 
its consequences. He left four children 
unprovided for at a very tender age. The 
Grand-Duchess Paulo woa took charge of 
their education. 


from the Literary GwMte. 



QO ! *itt thou faithless from me part 
Cf W ith ail thy fairy dreams of joy ? 
With all (bat sooth'd or paiu'd my heart. 
With all inexorably fly ? 
Can nought thy fleeting course detain, 
Oh I of my lite the goldeo prime ? 
In vain— thy waves descend amain 
Down to the gulf of endless Time. 

Faded those Suns, wbo»e cheering ray 
Hfom'd in yooiti my pleasing road $ 
The Fair Ideals fled away, 
At which, my heart with rapture glow'd. 
Ho more the sweet belief is mine. 
In beings, creature* of my dream, 
That dream so lovely, so divine, 
Dtspell'd by Truth's un pitying beam 1 

A* suppliant once in fast embrace 
Pvgmaliou, longing, clasp'd the stoac, 
Till on the marble's ice-cold face 
Warmth, life, sensation, ardent shone j 
So did I throw my youth-strung anas 
Kouod Nature's form, and ea^er prest, 
T»ll she began to breathe, to warm, 
Agaiau the Poet's throbbing breast. 

Sharing each wish that in me born'd, 
Ttte silent Nymph responsive knew 
To meet eash thought* Love's kisfc re^urn'd, 
To my heart's thrilling pulses true— — 
Ttoen liv'd for me the Tree, the Rose j 
for me the crystal fountain flow'd » 
By my life's cheering influence warm'd r 
Ttte LlfeUu with sensation glow'd. 

The narrow breast, with mighty force 
Expanding, sought a boundless sphere ? 
nag**r to rush in word and deed, 
>o Jbocy-painted life's career. 

How lovely was this world then seen ! 
As in the bud it lay conceal'd ; 
Alas ! how little is reveal'd, 
That little, ah I how scant and mean I 

While conscious vigor flYd his breast, 
Uncbeek'd by care unehill'd by fear. 
In fancy's sweet illusions ble>t, 
How rush'd the youth on life's career ! 
Far as Creations palest Star, 
Borne on her Eagle wing he soar'd. 
Nought was so high, ana nought so far, 
But with her aid his search explor'd. 

How lightly was he onward borne ! 
W bat for his strength too arduous found : 
As roll'd the splendid car of Hfe 
How danced the airy Guardians round ! 
Love, flatt'ring, <ame in smiling prime, 
Fortune her golden wreaths displayed ; 
Glory, w ith stan y crown sublime. 
And Truth in Phoebus' beams array d. 

But half the course was scarcely run. 
When lo ! th' attendants proved untrue ; 
Gradual they turn'd their steps aside, 
' And, faithless, one by one withdrew. 
With winged speed, first Fortune fled ; 
Science conceal'd her heavenly forms ; , 
Doubt's sable cloud, malignant spread; 
And veil'd Truth's radiant Sun in storms 

I saw the sacred wreaths of fame 
Upon the vulgar brow profan'd ; 
Alas 1 too soon Love's tender flow'r 
In the first bloom of beauty wan'it. 
And still more silent, stitl morcdrrar, 
The rough and arduous p?*> \*4y grew, 
W hile scarce across the gloomy toad, 
Hope a faint glimmering twilight threw ! 

Of all the noisy, dafez ling train, 
Whose love wns constant to the close ? 
Who still consoles my every paioj 
And follows to my bit *t repose ? 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




■»» «i. 


r v gentle hand, 
• ^ , wouod, 

- "» eary load, 
->,,[. and found. 

'• 1<! 

'. U 1 > 

1 . • o * 

't t 1 

* ■«.: • -*to join, 
.. l\c tons noise ; 

W i. 


J.' . "I* 

of l •« i 

it' >, 

> \ i *ir'd, 
n«i ,m er destroys: 
iii t me, 



to<; r a'0, uprears, 
«v debt of time 

1 "i-i 

. •; He 

.. la 

i V and years ! 


in ? 

." Mm- ty Magactoe. 



5l * 

^ I :c NTIKfl EAGLE. 

J- ; o/)j tV'f fir 


•-/!' - ODOREKoRNEn.t 


irrl r v 


fli:.-. -I *hy wing ! 
i ■■in;, .gspring 

To con j»»> v «u rn -, . e, 
E. tore th> ' ; .j»hi ■ !•- i\ ids give way, 
'i.,d h ,,)o an re i p. '"* u day, 

To freed™ wmd made. 
**W, Ihrni a\i* i.^t'i'oVf thr bill 
*»/th\ i« »i»« -o.> — to triumph still 

'IV'ijii m and the guide, 
'J o to iet' courher* champs hi? rein, 
>o .:». re Ue wanton paw* the plain, 

To bitter siavciy tied. 
i 'hv^'i^U'ii m^'% isdcally pale, 
And vr.ihr.^ \t> th*» blighting gale 

Of rfir" adw "*it> : 
The lor .'« tio-.f crow *!>es low, 
W*i «** '.h a pr«»ii*iy vio.ningfoe, 

W»'l> a ^*jbn>t*«ive t ye. 
TS»n otiH 'itt\t(h\ pennons free, 
V. ith uii't i^:* and with liteity, 

Ij.kUii'-;. d ; nd alone, 
^st , t^ hr.;tit orb that rules the day. 
Shine* wit-, .in und miiii*hed ray, 

When all <V* if *t arc gone. 
Soon shUl I find thy children stand ! 
s.->nn shall 1 m« er 'nee inn baud 

Of war. n ( r, «.ut* Hid bt ive ; 
Ti'oti Dion • fii.y o>r » le field, 
Wm re t'n • -uor.i men lit- iabre wield, 

To* v»nurN oi oS» :>a\<. 

Tn n whnt«oi r 

» J r |.--«';i.l t iv ■ ' 

I, 'i; «f mv >v. • 

A ki^vc for .• * 

\'p»-n »,.v |r.\ (i 

liy itsexci i<» 

i may be, 

r me, 

ne bleed : 
i i nly gain 

c stain, 

r plaiu, 

i il.WJArt Mom's GAROEBT AT BAR- 

It is not Tuscan, Saxon, nor yet Dorif, 
t Commemorative, votive, or historic,— 
*Tis but an emblem of iu owner's roiod, 
Erect and firm, by no fal^e taste renVd s 
Of steady fabric, pointing to the skies, 
A friendly beacon to enquiring eyes ; 
Open to all, by all reputed good, 
And often prWd, when little understood. 
And how inscribe it on the rolls of Jfame ? 
Feb. 1817. *• 

rrom tbc GokIctoboI S tog »x t« ff . 

[Written in 1810.] 

WHAT though the rich Canopian wave 
Ol mellow Nile shall never lave, 
Nor Pactolus, with golden sands, 
Snail pour its tribute o'er his lands ; 
Nor exiles, from S.bena's snow, 
On him the ermin*d robe bestow ; 
Nor him, the fair Iberian fleece, 
Dipp'd in Tyre's bright purple, grace • 
Nor gorgeous lords alliance bring, 
With silky gifes, from Persia's King ; 
No ! nor Marcngofr trophied field 
Its laurels to his' fame shall yioW : 
\et shall not Gallia's monarch be 
With happier pleasures crown'd than he 
Who, wn»e, can keep obscurer ways, 
Content to seek no vulgar praise ; 
la sciene'd ease, delight to find 
Tue laws that various Vature bind ; 
His wilder passions keep controul'd. 
And o'er them Reason's empire hold. 
He for tl.spauia's wealth ne'er sighs, 
That useless pageant honours bnys. 
Who madly seeks, in kmg<ioin> joiu'd, 
The tenant of the tempered mind, 
With discontent would be unbless'd. 
Were he of Earth's domain pt ssess'd. 
Not richest trbutes peace can give, 
Nor scepter'd fools from wants relieve. 
Tim changeful scene, without surprise 
Who views with philosophic eyes, 
And w.sely letrird in Nature's law, 
No anxious cares from thence snail draw: 
"Whether, be meetth' assassin's hand, 
Or roam a vagrant through the land ; 
Or in seditious countries bide ; 
Or bound o'er Ocean's surgetul tide i 
Or dark Orion hide his head 
In stormy skies; of-8irius shed 
A blighting influence o'er the earth, 
And send sne dread Sirocco forth. 
The golden wain that ploughs the pole^ 
And guides neh navies round this hall, 
Shall, wrapp'd in cloud*, its aid deny, 
And Etirus blot out earth and sky 
With flaky snows, and winter's tain — 
With tempests shall provoke the main. 
Uufcar'd ny him, whose constant mind 
Can see the wild-ass s»tutf the wind, 
Inmi'rtius when earth's heibage yields 


ion, \^d in-AviNO it called the To parching suns in de*ert tields, 

^j ,^. mntr< j . gp^.^ destmy'd by hail, 

r CAT. Tl'.MrLE. 

! AT h.t?e weh 

lone i 
»r wnnde'i ; 


— if,* 

a wo« 

• ? a Temple ! if 'tis 

■^hed, too much. 

den roof sustain, 

1 I vo»i f«-om »he r:rr, 

j;iit \ mj sLin.;, 

m riiher i»a«'i: 

• »d how ca« [ name ? 

cms of Hunjftr. 

The olive's fruit, and vintage fail : 

Yet trusts, submits, the Power that lends 

Him life, and food convenient sends. 

Then iriav I^till unmovM beh'ild 

*» .' .' . u j .! !<]t*n>»'£ol(l ; 
A.:«». ' • **(.-*'dw ih i .tllii.g fear, 
St»il v:e i'." t i noiir'd war druv* near ; 
\\id . n 'li mi rieoti ig t-ao<! 
Tr I t '^dispr- '(- 1 n)'_' j»'agm* comn.ii 
\«»ra-' un tO<>H >io; *t m* my doom, 
tilt b. t the»tein i«Mi. jcr conic 


Digitized by 


VOL. 2.] 


turn tfcelfefttklf Mafkzfee. 



OH ! lend thine ear, anil catch the strain, 
By seraph touch refin'd ; 
It stills the pang of earthly pain, 

And modulates the mind. 
It light* a magic o'er the soul, 

A lucid ray of love; 
Dilates the spirit past confront, 

And wins the thought above. 
It pencils o'er the sunless sky 

A tint of bliss to be ; 
And breathes in Mary's lightened eye 

A songless Harmony. 
Thatc&am, Aug. 1817. J. W. 

From the Literary Gazette. 


THE snn is sinking in the west, 
The groves the ev'ning zephyrs fan : 
The happy beasts prepare for rest. ' 
And all is calm out roan ! 
Poor restless creature of an hour, 

His longest life is but a span, 
And yet that span fell cares devour, 
For never calm is man ! 
Though bounteous Nature all has giv'n 
To make him blest on wisdom's plan, 
A rebel 'gainst the will of Heav'n, 

Still oever calm is man ! J. Ji.* 

March, 1817. 

From the Gentleman's llipzlcc. 

By the Rev. Samuel Badcock. 

Tn E charm is broke ! 'tis here that Treach- 
ery reigns ; 
I'll bid delusion and the world farewell ; 
And bend my steps, though trembling, to the 
plains [dwell. 

Where meek-ey'd Innocence and Candour 

Smit with your charms, your votary there 
shall raise jname t 

Some green-turf altar to each honour' d 
And, while he fondly dwells on others' praise, 
Will yield the honours which he cannot 
Far hence shall mask'd Hypocrisy remove ; 
The Blush of conscious Guilt be never 
known : 
Nor Superstition taint th*» hallow'd grove : 

But Virtue come a resident aloqc. 
And you, sweet Warblers, that awake the 

Morn, [ening ears ; 

Your wood-notes wild shall charm my list- 
Ye aged Oaks that yonder hills adorn, 

Beneath your shades will I forget my cares. 
Tber*» gentle Sleep shall hu-h me to n*pf>*e, 
_And o'er my cares *hall shed its influence 
*^* mild: 
There shall its visions to my eye di«c'o«e 

The scenes of brighter days when Fortune 
1 smil'd. 

Tnus Damon sung, while Lynda* pnvs'd by:— 
** Are these," he cried-- '""thy wild Aicaoian 
strains r 
* Wb«t seed's has Fancy plrtm'd t > your^r* ' 
It % ft va fetter'd in'it* w£m car'* 

Though treacherous Fate should , 
Worth sublime : 

Tbo' modest Merit step nnheei 
Yet shall we live in thi« unequal 

And wonder at a cold and low' 

*Oh ! never let the lap of Sloth sup 

Betray my Damon to inglorious 
The active charities of life be thine 

And thine the ardour of the socii » fc ■ 

Shall the dark frown of Malice elo- ; - 

Which warms the breast inviolab 
Nft... Brighter bid the heavenly flan 

'Tis noble to be good, and to endu 

From the Literary Gazette* 

NOW scarce a glimmering ray of light 
Beams on the sable brow of Night ; 
Save where, amid the louring clouds, 
The Moon her silver bow unshrouds % 
And sheds a wan and transient gleam 
TJpon the dim discover'd stream. 
No busy Echo wakes the plain, 
Where Peace and awful Silence reign: 
At rest, beneath the friendly shade, 
The weary race of man is laid ; 
And Sleep, descending soft and kind, , ^N 
With glowing visions soothes the mind. 
March, 1817. W. C. 

Pi«m ike Monthly Magazine. 


By the Author of the Empiee op the 
Nairb. •» 

FAIR Circe had triuraph'd o'er many a sot. 
When she spread out her toil for Ulys- 
ses the wise ; **- 
But the son of Laertes was not to be caught. 
For her tongue was less eloquent far than her * 

In vain she di«nlay*da11 the charms of a breast* 

That panted for pleasure, and rivall'd with 


While the beauties that peep'd thro* her gos- • 

samer vest, ^ 

Proclaimed that the queen was uo monster . 

below. '"" 

This ravishing object almost in hi* reach, x 

The heart of the hero was going astray*,..* ■'* 
When the lady thought proper to make f 
Some ladies will talk tbo' they'te nothi 

say. - \ , r. 

And be yawn'd, and he cried, " She'd e*, : 
me to death. 

A man in not always in humour to k*« 
And y« t 1 with kif-sea must -top up her I* 

To hinder the simpleton's talking atnN 

** Th**n away ls> Penelope bear me my 
Such a fool ;th t!iis Circe 1 never ye\ 

And the son of Laertes was neV s k' 
Til** las'-'-'te of Pallas ne'er 

pat." , ,- 

Thus boasted the cjiicf as he s 

tide, » 

And thought * idel'ty ti\G 
But as Ik* the ■ • \ the det s 

j A syren aj, „ [0 ^ .^eofc ( , ;, , , 

VI: e netting 

"I hat tcui 

Digitized by 


. ondon Literary and Philosophical IntcMgenct. r i .2 

>- 4 in her look was ex- His warlike acaicv tm en to she raised to the 

I ' skies, 

%..e 3 a wrinkle the charm of a And the prudence and sense that he had or 

* had not; 

For to make a weak mortal believe himself 

Ut ' e » irty, perhaps thirty-live ; wise, 

t<> ' v i iie with elegance boo*, Is a method most certain to prove htm a sot. 

h i . ftnger the chords were g^ ^^ a j| n j § ^^jty speaR j n her cause, 

- mm u She flatter^ bis pasiiou— — the thirst of re- 

M-iry ci" eloquence flow'd from her nown ; 

*' Already the hero is drank with applause, 

A . . 4^#_«* Already he arasps Immortal ity^s crown, 

• ho i tn»*. to the banquet of wit, . . t f. ._ * _, i -* 

..... f >e and Graces adorn the re- A look at the syreuhe tenderly cas^ 

t . And strove from the sailors to make himself 

rf\ . !» v* film whatever wai writ 5? ' , u v llM .i »..*. *^I2?*' 

i.i •#» fmmthp. first to the Ob bind him, fast bind him, my lads to toe 

., ut ate, from the first to the ^^ w|i ^ tof ^^ wlu jolBp io the sea, 

September, 1817. 



\ vny v.' (<vd cpondrnt communicates a Taa Ashjllonicow Oroajc. 

j» tiioj "... iritk - |vk which will never be- Of the completion of this grand polyphonic 

■ wmicwmU ' out nsinr any other than frame, we spoke in our last, ft is now submitted 

:h< «ol .!»«•»' j',- i ents. — " It occurred to me to public inspection, and affords to Messrs. 

-kit tl. i ^QiA .\.tl proceed from the vegeta- Flight and Robson*s numerous visitors no less 

Me *r <-* « ni; : I therefore put an ounce of surprise than gratification. Its construction, 

r|f*<iMgntn A !V> ,.mj to a jug, with a quart Win- we understand, was commenced as CM 1 back as 

'>evK *mea -i>f « ' iclearin fusion of£alls,m«rie the year 1812, under favour of the experience 

irith rain w.-if : ,u.d three ounces of palls well derived from the formation of two smaller or- 

,H>uaded ; an ' i'l.ired the jug in a cellar, and gans, previously built by them upon similar 

<ivered it loo 'y with paper. I stirred the principles. Of the properties of this ttupea* 

-;u»r two or it.r^ times a day. for several dons piece of workmanship, it would be dim- 

'■ .v, t'ut M»e t -mi might be perfectly dissol- cult to convey a just idea, ; but some notion 

% • The m-H.l'j )>egan to form upon the sur- of its capacity may be formed, when it is 

.. e .i it or , : « hr^e days afterwards I remov- known that the diameter of its largest pipe is 

ii. Sew.v i> i o.e portions of monld formed, nineteen inches ; that of its smallest scarcely 

; c*» I took ->»! .tccaMonally, during three the eighth of one inch, and that its powers ex- 

.■.•'). «vh* ii rhe tiquor became perfectly pu- tend to the imitation of a vast variety of iostru- 

::n •- • thn> nMed an ounce of pounded cop- mentis — as flageolets, flutes, oboes, violins, 

,< s ..- • itcu ih»- mould first began to form, I clanonetts, bassoons, dec. &c. which, whether 

r. • w»v . he jar, imo the shady part of a room heard in full combination, or in their separate 

u au -MTe «ii- n • fire.'*— (r«nf. Afa£. and independent diversities of tones and pais 

VtH ov-W -.en Walter Scott presented tial concords, are peculiarly striking, andf 

lie wrldvutt. •:■ i much admired poem, he fn ^J astonish, by the pi oofs they offer, of 

oefr^-dih. r ,», i the exception of the name, what art and ingenuity can achieve to Ibis 

a ha I :ul»»r » « hing from the feudal history province of human exertion. This instrument, 

.fdi' Olci ll.M.t of that family. To lovers of by its very varied and wonderful effect, an- 

* tin ertainly was cause of discou- proaches, it should seem, nearer than any otb- 
j! .... ^u were few in number; but er conwies of vo^l tubes, the organ jVscrib- 

r ,i . ^ ■ i i ue now considerably increas- ed bv ™ to w,d Plains, denominated by the 

v »ing publication ot the real Greeks— a Panarnumion. If, in the ancient 

m.< • ' , embellished with eograv- nmchine, every aperture of tlie innumerable 

.»*i 1 - <ianied by the History of the P ,ues » the>/sjl« iMaanv, was capable of 

iJii.M. , , and, and all the feudal servi- emitting three or more different notes, the 

•H.e< v.iw. ithcmanorofScrivelsby,&c. modern instrument possesses the capacity of 

J pouring forth its voluminous and voluble 

* poo- f: toryofthe mysterious female 1 sounds, either automatically, or by the liv- 

1 »vv .*■ {so much interest in the vicin- ing action of the finger For the former of 
li- • i ■ • \ ' it is said she proved an iro- these operations, three cylinders, each six feet 

•* n.i v , si gularas was at first supposed in circumference, are provided ; for the latter, 

i r .i « i, ' d says that there are at ores- six distinct sets of keys. If the pealing tone* 

'<■•"••, -• • m*s tif the m .no J'anmtnonitin L '. tilled the dista*-: t-*., 

*'■.".•» •' : '•>. at!; ita- tHo-e ofll.r ^ »(/. i .;»; *h.»ke the fiuo jt 

r/i" hi.'i V'.. . -••: u'i.* Ii ,-• v .-u u siaiirU ; ai »i .' tht . l cK*fil organ was 

"' " ; *> ■' ^ ' '*»'." »•* Cuc,-iu,if. i u ( >oi, principles in .ni. v*o to p*.*,- 

. •< i'|!r..» w; ,he * • ... » -J •'( «M»t ,» »> -. iluMnouern !fistium« >r tt o(>i rates !i^ 

r - •< ' ' ' '. .< i h. V '. x il i 1( — ,,ih il w.'ifh t': • "u:>M» weie roi-t'ij *f- 

is !»;■' ,.ili d , k ., • S. ,i,« > f nor*, t; auJ,\if 'l muU the ;bcr , -nt** , 

' ,f ««W v • J ;. i, o ip , . - ^ni^ius, , i 0. ifUat .uid •!»•■ -d 

* v r ' ' • V( '• ''* ■* '•;. ni-. • *< tiie hope, iiiM,»i'i • i -d 

•" l " • « '• '"i hv Y» - t n-i Robfun'- «ucie^> „- - 

*«>...» > .1 ii-r m.ju , •. t|1 fij^o -nil niiti m *i V- 

<r .. < ! • -.01 •—.*; j » v^jK '- J • 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



tiMUudtad4MMkl|>bf Mmtmindi. 

NO. fl.] BOSTON, DECEMBER IS, 1817. [VOL. II. 


man the Literary Gtitttt. 

IN ooe of the last year's numbers of a which depend on the imagination, and 
foreign journal, La Bibliotheque one of whose chief merits is to barmon- 
Universelle,* we hare met with a view ize with the tone of society, savour more 
of the present state of English literature, and more of their native soil. The ob- 
which on the whole gives a pretty im- servations of the author respecting the 

Crtial review of our literature for the state of society and manners in England 
tt twenty years, and names many of seem to us to be more applicable to things 
our most distinguished writers in the as they were five and twenty years ago, 
different departments of learning. than as they are now. The article con- 

The author is of opinion that the Eo- eludes in the following manner : 
glish manners, particularly the exclusion " If we must lament that certain ex- 
of the women from general society, pre- aggerated opinions gain ground in Eng- 
vents the literati from adding to their land, of which Methodism is a proof, 
solid learning a refined and delicate taste, the generous sacrifices of some societies 
Every requisite for this was fotv*d in the which are animated with an ardent zeal 
highest possible degree in Paris before to extend what is good, must on the oth- 
the revolution. The English, who ri- er band afford the more lively satistac- 
vailed the French in the sciences, round tion. It cannot be denied that gold is 
them the only school in which they the idol of this people, that their luxu- 
tould modify and soften the peculiarities ry and vanity are without bounds, that 
arising from their character, their man* the higher classes set the example of im* 
■era, their insular situation, their inde- morality, and in general that one finds 
pendente, and their favorite recreations, in England all the vices which are per* 
play, and the table. haps inseparable from excess of refine* 

The English having been cut offdur- ment. But on the other hand we may 
ing a twenty years' war from all comma- add to our consolation, that there is no 
nicatioo with the civilized world, ex- country where the virtues which tend to 
eept such as arose from increasing com- alleviate natural evils and the sufferings 
merce and great military operations, the of society, are so general, and practised 
natural consequence was, that the richer with such judicious activity* 
classes having no more any opportunity " While political fanaticism and war 
of neutralising their habits in a foreign deluged Europe with blood, the English 
country, the national defects took deep- were improving all the means of alleviti- 
•r root, and the literary productions ting the Sufferings of their fellow crea* 

W Ata*he*m. Vet. 2. .lures, and spreading anting them thf 

Digitized by 


202 Zuma': a tale, by Madame de Genii*, [vol. 2 

knowledge of the truth. Thus they im- norance. Io general, a universal spirit 

proved upon the principles of Howard* of beneficence, respect for misfortune, 

the management of the hospitals and emulation in works of charity, predomi- 
prisons : they acquainted Europe with nated among this same people, whose 

the discovery of the immortal Jenner ; spirit was exalted by the sense of its in- 

they abolished the slave-trade, and iotro- dependence and its strength, which bad 

duced civilization into Africa ; they es- made itself master of the commerce of 

tablished societies for the relief of for- the world, and of the sovereignty of the 

eigners in distress ; they spread the light seas. It seems that England, while it 

of knowledge over distant countries, by was destined to unite the rest of Europe 

making them acquainted with our sacred in a common exertion of its strength, and 

writings ; they discovered, and taught to give to the enemy of social order the 

to the rest of the world, that simplified last decisive blow, was selected by beav- 

and easy method of elementary instruc- en for the noble vocation of preserving 

tion, the object of which is to raise to the sacred flame of virtue, and the ex* 

the dignity of man millions of individu- ample of those tender relations which be* 

ala whom fortune has condemned to ig- nencence establishes among mankind.* 



tram tU Ubuwrj Gttcttft. 


^7UM A was conveyed to her chamber. Azan : he therefore resolved to die with 
^-* The Count and Beatrice deemed it his wretched wife, 
prudent to conceal this supposed crime At break of day, the council assembled to 
from the knowledge of the Vice-Queen; examine and pass sentence on Mirvan and 
she, said the Count, will sue for mercy Zuma. Thedoorsofthe court were thrown 
on this wretch, whom no consideration open, and the Indians were permitted to 
on earth can induce me to pardon ; there enter ; they assembled in great numbers, 
must be an example, and 1 am resolved headed by their secret chiefs, Xtmeo, 
to make one. It was soon proclaimed Azan, and Thamir. Mirvan and Zuma 
through the palace and the city, that Zu- were brought in loaded with chains. The 
ma had been detected in an attempt to latter, oa beholding her basband, ex- 
poison the Vice-Queen. That very claimed with vehemence, u he is not 
evening sjbe was delivered into the bands guilty, he had no share in what 1 did, he 
of justice and conveyed to prison. Mir- was ignorant of my design 1 ' . . . "Zuma," 
van hastened in search of Azan and interrupted Mirvan, " your death is cer- 
Thamir ; the hand of death was already tain, how then can you think of defend- 
on his heart, and he could utter only the ing my life ? .... I am not accused, 
following words : " My son is in your I voluntarily share your fate . . . Zuma, 
power. At least promise, on condition let us die in silence, let us die with cou- 
that we keep this secret inviolably, that rage, and our child will still live" .... 
after our death, you will restore the child Zuma understood the real meaning of 
to my father." — u We swear to do so," these words, she made no reply, but her 
answered Azan, " but you are well aware, face was bathed in tears. The exainina- 
that bis life must be the forfeit of the tion then commenced, 
least indiscretion." — '•" We know how to Zuma was unable to deny the facts to 
die," replied Mirvan. With these words which Beatrice and the Viceroy had 
be quitted the ferocious Indian, and vol- been witnesses. She was asked from 
untarily committed himself to prison, whom she had obtained the powder. 
He could easily guess the act which Zu- " She received it from me," exclaimed 
ma had attempted, but to explain it and Mirvan. Zuma denied this, still protest- 
justify her, would have been to abandon ing that her husband was entirely igno- 
his child to the rage of the ferocious rant of her designs. " And what we're 

^ Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Zuma : a Tak 9 %y Madame dc Genlh. 


your designs f* enquired the Judge. — 
u Did you not ioteod to poison the 
Vice-Queen ? Why else did you make 
use of this powder ? Did you fancy that 
you were employing a salutary remedy ?" 
.... At this question, Zuma trembled; 
her eyes, at this moment, met those of 
the cruel Azan, his threatening glance 
filled her with horror, she fancied she 
beheld him strangling her child* " No, 
no," she exclaimed, in a distracted tone, 
" I know of no salutary remedy." — ** It 
was poison, then 1 . . . . You confess 
it F— * I confess nothing."— « Answer 
then." — " Alas ! I am compelled to be 
silent" At these words, Ximeo ad- 
vanced and placed himself between Mir- 
Tan and Zuma; "let me likewise be 
chained," said he, " I will die along with 
them." ** Oh my father ! live for our 
child's sake !" they exclaimed with one 
voice. But Ximeo persisted. 

The Judges had been directed neither 
to employ torture nor to make any en- 
quiry respecting accomplices ; they re- 
moved Ximeo, and Mirvan and Zuma 
were conveyed back to prison. The 
Countess's physician appeared, and was 
examined. He declared that the illness 
of the Vice-Queen having baffled the 
most efficacious remedies, and being ac- 
companied by extraordinary symptoms, 
horrible suspicions at length arose in his 
mind, and that the action in which Zuma 
had been detected, leaving no room to 
doubt the atrocity of her design, had con- 

Smed him in an idea which he had longen- 
avoured to repel ; that finally be no lon- 
ger doubted that this perverse slave had 
administered a slow poison to the Vice- 
Queen, and that finding herself excluded 
from the service of the chamber, and 
fearing lest the youth of the Countess, 
and the attention which was devoted to 
her, might in course of time overcome 
the effects of a poison, which had been 
sparingly administered, she intended to 
consummate her crime by a powerful 
dose. At this detail, the Judges were 
nearly petrified with horror ; they col- 
lected the votes and condemned Mirvan 
and Zuma to perish amidst the flames of 
a pile, that very day at noon. They 
were again brought into the court. Mir- 
van beard his sentence witl) heroic firm- 
ness. Zuma, bathed in tears, threw 

herself at his feet : I have sacrificed 
you, she exclaimed, that thought fills me 
with remorse, dare I hope for your lor- 

fiveneas ! ... Let us not accuse our 
udges of cruelty, he replied, the tyrants 
who condemn us, deliver us from a hor- 
rible yoke ; a few hours will free us 

from the bonds of slavery ! These 

words moved the obdurate heart of Azan 
himself : Mirvan, said he, be not con- 
cerned for the fate of your son, he shall 
be as dear to me as if he were my own. 

It was now nine in the morning, and 
orders were given for erecting the fatal 

The Vice-queen was dying; the 
Physician announced to the Viceroy that 
every hope had vanished, that it was im- 
possible she could support three more 
fits of fever, and that six or seven days, 
at most, would terminate her existence. 
The Count, in a paroxysm of despair, 
could entertain no thought of mercy : 
besides, regarding Zuma as the most ex- 
ecrable monster that nature had ever 
produced, be was divested of all feeling 
of compassion for her. He gave ordem 
that a pardon should be offered to Mir- 
van, on, condition of his making a sin- 
cere confession of his crime. •" Tell the 
Viceroy," answered Mirvan, M that even 
though he promised me the life of Zuma, 
he should never draw from me another 

The Viceroy did not wish to be in 
Lima during this dreadful execution. 
He therefore departed for one of his 
pleasure-houses, situated about half a 
league from the city, intending noito 
return until the evening. 

The wretched Ximeo vainly devised 
a thousand different projects, all lending 
to save Mirvan and Zuma ; he anxious- 
ly wished to assemble bis friends, but 
during the whole of the morning, the 
Indians were so closely watched, t^at he 
found no possibility of secretly conver- 
sing with Azan and Tbamir. A proc- 
lamation was issued ordering all the In- 
dians in Lima to attend the execution. 
They were without arms ; the Spaoish 
guard was doubled and ranged .round 
the pile ; in addition to this, the unfor- 
tunate victims were escorted hy two hun- 
dred soldiers, Ximeo found himself 
compelled to submit to his Tate, he was 


i i by Google 

204 Zuma : a TWs, by b&vdartttZc Gfitfot [toLt 

overwhelmed with despair, and resolved collecting her strength, that she might 

to throw himself on the pile with his once again embrace the adored child, 

children. she disengaged herself from the hands of 

Whilst the whole city, filled with the priest and the soldiers-, and darted 

consternation, awaited this dreadful spec- towards Asan Afean placed 

tacte, the vice-queen, still ignorant of the child on the palpitating bosom of 

the tragical event, was stretched upon Zuma. The wretched mother, amidst a 

her bed of sickness, weaker and more af- torrent of tears, gave her child the last 

Dieted than ever. Since six in the maternal kiss. u Zuma," said Asan, in 

morning all her attendants had evinced a low tone of voice, ** summon all your 

the utmost agitation. This at length at- courage ; recollect that your death is to 

traded the notice of the Countess ; she itself a revenge, and that it wHI verve to 

made enquiries, and plainly perceived render our secret the more inviolable 9 

that Beatrice wished to conceal some- "Oh! I wish for no revenge :* 

thing from ber, and that she imposed si- answered Zuma. **Alas! wereitpoesv* 
Ience on the rest of her women. Bea- ble to save the Vice-queen V 9 . . . . * 
trice frequently quitted the apartmeiit, She could not utter more, the soldiers 
that she might without constraint give came to lead her atfay ; the hand of 
rent to ber sorrow. In one of these mo- death was upon her when they tore her 
ments, the Countess strictly questioned from her child ; and at that terrible mo- 
one of her maids, and so imperatively tnent she seemed to be offering op the 
enjoined her to tell the truth, that the sacrifice of her life ... . 
girl informed her of all, and added, that The procession advanced ; they were 
Mirvan and Zuma far from denying the scarcely three hundred paces from the 
imputation laid to their charge, had glo- place of execution. At this moment m 
ried in their crime. The surprise of the mournful trumpet announced the ap- 
Countess was equal to the horror with proacb of the victims, the resinous wood 
which she was inspired by this dreadful which formed the top of the pile was 

communication. " Oh supreme Mer- kindled They entered an alley 

cy !" she exclaimed, u I can now in- of plane trees, at the end of which they 
voke thee with more confidence than beheld the fatal spot, and the flames 
ever." . . . .She immediately ordered which seemed to mingle with the clouds, 
her servants to prepare an open litter, and At this terrible^ipectacle Zuma shrunk 
with the assistance of her women she back with horror ; at that moment she 
rose, and was dressed in a loose robe of was delivered from the torment of think- 
muslin. In spite of the tears and entree- ing on her husband and her child ; sta- 
tes of the Spanish ladies and Beatrice, por succeeded to sensibility, and the tdajp 
the Countess threw herself upon the lit- of her approaching destruction now 
ter which was borne by four slaves, a wholly occupied her mind ; she saw be- 
fiftb carrying over her head a large para- fore her inevitable death, and death un- 
sol of taffety : in this manner, with her der the most horribly threatening aspect! 
face concealed by a long white veil, she .... Her strength failed ber ; the frozen 
departed . . • Twelve o'clock struck ! blood no longer circulated in her veins ; 
.... At this moment Mirvan and Zu- her face was tinged with mortal paleness; 
ma on foot, loaded with chains, quitted and, though not in a state ot' total uncon- 
tbeir prison to undergo the execution of sciousness, she sunk into the arms of the 
their sentence. Zuma, who was scarce- priest, who, notwithstanding her repeat- 
ly able to support herself, rested on the ed but vague protestations, stilt exhorted 
arm of a priest, and was guarded by two her to repentance ! . . . . Zuma, said Mir- 
soldiers ; immense crowds had collected van, our suffering will not be of long dit- 
to see them. Amidst the multitude, she ration ; behold those whirlwinds of 
perceived Azan, bearing her child in his smoke we shall be suffocated in a few 

arms, and making an effort to attract ber moments ! Ah I replied Zuma, in 

observation. At this sight she uttered a a voice scarcely audible, I see nothing 

piercing shriek, a maternal shriek which but fire .... .- nothing but flame. . . . They 

vibrated through every heart . ... but advanced.. .. Every step which brought 

Digitized by 


,&] Zwmd : a tab, by Madame de Genft. 305 

2uma nearer to fttr death, augmented did so, and placed themselves at her bed* 
ber unconquerable teifor ! . . . The In- side. Owing to the agitation,' fatigue 
dians bad already ranged themselves and distress of mind, which the Countess 
found the pile in sad consternation ; they had undergone, her strength was so 
all held in their hands a branch of cy- completely exhausted, that she fancied 
press, as an emblem of mourning ; they herself to be bordering on the last mo* 

were surrounded by Spanish Guards. . . . ments of her existence ! She 

A noise was suddenly heard at some stretched forth one hand to Mirvan and 
distance, a horseman at full gallop ap- the other to Zutna, who bathed in tears, 

peared within view, exclaiming, "Hold, fell on her knees, to receive ft ! 

hold, by order of the Vice-queen, she is Beatrice could no longer support this 
approaching." ... At these words all scene, and she entreated the Countess to 
were struck motionless ; Zuroa folded suffer die two Indians to be removed, 
her hands and sent forth a supplication under guard, to an adjoining chamber, 
to heaven ; but her soul weighed down No, no, said the Vice-queen, 1 will an- 
by terror was not yet penetrated by the swer for them here, and will do so be* 
mintest gleam of hope I .... At length fore the Supreme Arbiter by whom we 
the litter of the Vice-queen was perceiv- shall all be judged ! ... .Oh ! leave 
ed, she urged her slaves to advance with them here, they are sent to open for me 
the utmost speed, and she quickly reach* the gates of heaven ! . . . . Great God I 
ed the fatal spot : the Spanish Guards said Beatrice, must I pee you in the bands 
ranged themselves round the Vice-queen of the monsters who have poisoned you ! 
and the Indians formed a semi-circle Where can 1 he better at this moment ? 
before ber: the Countess then raised replied the Vice-queen : ....On the 
Mer veil and discovered a pale and Ian* bosom of friendship my mind is over- 
fishing countenance, but full of grace whelmed with superfluous regret .... but 
anil gentleness, and which was itself a these trembling hands which I press 
speaking emblem of mercy ! . .. . I do within my own, fortify my courage ; tlie 
not possess, said she, the happy right of very sight of these unfortunate beings, 

f anting pardon, but it is a favour which diffuses calmness and confidence through 
am certain of obtaining from the good- my soul ! .... Oh my benefactress, said 
ness of the Viceroy. In the meanwhile Zuroa, suffocated with grief,shoukl beav- 
I take under my protection and safe- en frustrate my only hope, it will th« n he 
guard these two unfortunate creatures ; seen whether or not the wretched Zuma 
let their chains be taken off, extinguish loved you ! No, 1 never can survive 
without delay this terrific pile which you !. ...At these words Beatrice sliud- 
ajiould never have been kindled, had I dered. Detestable hyjKxrixy ! she ex- 
been sooner informed of the event claimed .... Do not insult tliem, said the 

At these words the Indiana threw down Countess, they repent; see, they shed 
their branches of cypress, and the air re- tears ! .... Ah ! Zuma, pursued she, 
sounded with reiterated cries of Long you, whose gentle figure bespoke a <p- 
lioethe Vice-queen ! .... Ximeo rushed lestial soul ! . . . You whom I have, so 
forward, exclaiming, Yes, she shall live ! dearly loved ! . . . . how can I entertain 
...« Zuroa threw herself on her knees, the slightest resentment agaiuat you ?... . 
Almighty God, she said, finish the work I look uj on you both as the instruments 
Thou hast begun ! • . • . The Vice-queen of my eternal happiness ; I forgive you 
signified ber wish that Mirvan and Zu- with a willing heart ; may you return to 
ma should follow her ; she caused them the consolations of religion with equal 
to be placed near her litter, and in this sincerity. . . . Zuroa, almost driven to dis- 
manner returned to the palace, followed traction, was about to speak, and perhaps 
by an immense multitude who enthusw to reveal a part of the secret which 
astically invoked blessings on ber clem- weighed a thousand tiroes more heavily 
•ocy and goodness. Having arrived at on her mind, than if she had only had 
the palace she threw herself on her bed, her own We to defend ; but Mirvan in- 
and expressed a desire that Mirvan and terrupted her : Zuma, said he, let us be 
Zoom should enter her apartment \ they silent! the voice of the Countess- will 

Digitized by 


206 Zuma : a Tale, by Maftmede (Jen/it. [vowjl 

bring down the truth from heafen ! Let tion she wit accused of an atrocious 
us place oar trust in the God whom she crime ! . . . And the fears of this heroic 
invokes ! He will save her precious life couple for the preservation of their child, 
and will justify us ! .... These words added the Viceroy, made them sudors 
were pronounced in so sincere a tooe with unconquerable firmness, shame, ig- 
and with so solemn an air, that they nominy and the aspect of a terrible 
made a powerful impression even on death f. ... Ah ! said Zuma, the Vice- 
Beatrice. The Vice*queen wished to queen has done still more ! Though the 
interrogate Mirvan, but in vain ; he en- believed us to be monsters of ingratitude 
treated that she would question him no and atrocity, and the authors of sll her 
further, and for two hours maintained suffering, yet she protected and delivered 
the most obstinate silence. us, and with what kindness, wbst gener- 

The Vice-queen, before proceeding osity ! . . . She, as well as yourselves, 
to the pile to save Zuma, had dispatched replied the Viceroy, will now receive the 
a messenger to the Count to hasten his reward due to virtue. . . . Here are two 
peturn to the palace ; she every moment doses of the blessed powder, the one for 
expected him, and was astonished that Zuma and the other for the Vice-queen, 
he had not yet arrived. She was about .... So saying, the Count himself poor* 
to send off another courier, when an ex- ed the Quinquina into two separate cups; 
Inordinary clamour was heard through- Zuma drank first, and the Vice-qaeea 
out the palace. Beatrice quitted the wished to receive the salutary beverage 
Countess s chamber to enquire the cause from her hand. All present were melted 
of the agitation ; a moment after the into tears ; the Vice-queen, already re- 
Countess distinguished the voice of the vived by the double influence of joy end 
Viceroy, she ordered the door to be hope, received with transport the tendec 
thrown open, and exclaimed, " My embraces of her husband, Beatrice and 
Lord, I entreat your pardon for the guil- the happy Zuma; she raised Zamas 
ty.".... They are your deliverers ! child to her pillow, and loaded him with 
replied the Viceroy, entering the apart- the tenderest caresses ; she promised to 
ment. All were petrified with amaze- be thenceforth his second mother. Bet- 
ment. The Viceroy held a lovely boy trice and the rest of the Spanish ladies 
in bis arms. Zuma uttered a shriek of surrounded Zuma ; they gazed upon her 
joy; it was her child. The viceroy with admiration. Beatrice; in a fit of 
rushed forward, placed the child upon transport, kissed her hand, that beneficent 
her bosom, and prostrated himself at her hand which she had accused of having 

feet Ximeo followed him, he ad- committed an execrable crime! ..In 

Tanced, and addressing himself to Mir- the midst ofthis enthusiasm, the Viceroy 
van : You may now speak, said he, with took Mirvan and Zuma by the hand, he 
the consent of all the Indians : the se- opened a window and led them out oa 
eret is revealed, we have all tasted the a balcony overlooking the principal 
powder in the presence of the Viceroy ; street in the city, which was at that time 
he Jiimself insisted on partaking of it be- filled with Spaniards and Indians, 
fore he brought it here. ... At chese •* Here," said he, pointing to Mirvaa 
words, Zuma transported, almost drown- and Zuma, " here are the voluntary vic- 
ed in tears, strained her child within her tims of gratitude, generous sentiment 
arms, and returned thanks to Heaven, and the sanctity of oaths ! . . . Indians, 
Mirvan embraced his father, the Vice- their sublime virtues and those of the 
queen asked a thousand questions in a Vice-queen have led you to abjure a 
breath ; the Count briefly related all that hatred formerly too pardonable, but now 
the Indians bad revealed to him. Great unjust ! you have, by an unanimous 
Heaven ! exclaimed the Countess, wish, freed yourselves from the cruel 
throwing her arms round the neck of oath formed by revenge ; instead of our 
Zuma, this angelic creature would have secret enemies you have become the ben* 
laid down her life to save me, and she efactors of the old world ! To render 
was on the verge of being sacrificed ! . . . you happy wlH henceforth be not merely * 
In the performance of so sublime an ac- the duty of humanity but of gratitude ; 

Digitized by 




Zuma : a Tele, by Madame de Genlis. 


ind that duty shall be fulfilled. Indians, 
all who in this memorable assembly 
have come to sacrifice feelings of resent- 
ment, to admiration and gentle pity, In- 
dians, you are free ; such sentiments 
place you on a footing of equality with 
your conquerors ! Enjoy this glory, vir- 
tue has effected your liberation ! . . . . 
Love your sovereign and serve him with 
fidelity : let the tree of health flourish 
on the land which will be distributed 
among you : reflect when you cultivate 
it, mat the whole universe is indebted to 
you for this blessing of the Creator !" . . . 
This address excited universal enthusi- 
asm, and the Viceroy wishing to termi- 
nate the day by the triumph of Zuma, 
gave orders that she should be attired in 
a magnificent dress : a crown of laurel 
was placed upon her head, and she was 
seated on a superb chair of state ; all the 
ladies of the court of the Vice-queen, 
placed themselves in her suite ; she was 
attended by the Vice-queen's guard of 
honour; a herald on horseback preced- 
ed the retinue, pronouncing the following 
words : ** Behold Zuma, the wife of the 
virtuous Mirvan, and the preservtr of 
the Vice-queen" Zuma, reclined on 
cushions of cloth of gold, pressed her 
child to her bosom, and carried in one 
band a branch of the tree of health. In 
this way she proceeded through the prin- 
cipal streets of Lima, amidst the accla- 
mations of the people who assembled in 
crowds to see her and to overwhelm her 
with benedictions. On Zuma's return to 
the palace the Vice-queen received her 
with open arms. She was then con- 
ducted to an elegant suite of apartments 
prepared expressly for her and her hus- 
band ; servants were appointed to at- 
tend on them, and they were thencefor- 
ward to be regarded as the most intimate 
and dearest friends of the Vice-queen. 
In the evening the city and all the court- 
yards of the palace were illuminated, and 
in the gardens tables were laid out with 
sumptuous refreshments for the Indiana. 
The Vice-queen and Zuma were 
quickly freed from every remaining trace 
of fever ; at the termination of a week 
th# Vice-queen was in a perfect state of 
convalescence. On the same spot where 
the fatal pile had excited such a sensation 
of horror, the Viceroy erected an obelisk 

of white marble on which the following 
words wereengraven in characters of gold: 
To Zuma, the Friend and Preserv- 
er of the Vice-queen, and Bene- 
f actress of the Old World. 

On each side of this obelisk a tree of 
health was planted, that blessed tree, 
sanctified by so many virtues, and which, 
among the Indians, afterwards became 
the emblem of every virtue which does 
honour to humanity. The Viceroy lost 
no time in sending to Europe the precious 
powder of the Quinquina, which was 
long known by the name of the Coun- 
tess 8 powder,* but which in Latin still 
preserves its original name. 

Fortune and honours never inspired 
with pride the generous and sensible 
Zuma ; she was always passionately belov- 
ed by the Vice-queen, and her own vir- 
tues always rendered her worthy of her 
glory and happiness. 

[Having translated the whole of this 
interesting Tale, we trust to the gratifi- 
cation of our readers, we shall briefly add 
for the information of our younger 
friends, and of those from whose memo- 
ry the French Revolution may have ob- 
literated a part of her early history, that 
the Countess de Genlis was governess to 
the children of the Duke of Orleans, and 
married to the Count de Sillery. It was 
for the edification of her pupils she pro- 
duced the well known Tales of the 
Castle — Instructive Dramas — The new- 
Method of Instruction — and Prayer^ 
for Children. Her other works publish- 
ed at various periods, and under very va- 
rious circumstances, are still more nu- 
merous ; we believe reaching to about 
forty volumes. Among the most suc- 
cessful were Adela and Theodore, Ma- 
dame de Clermont, the Duchess de 
Valliere, the Knights of the Swan, Rash 
Vows, Recollections of Felicia (namely, 
her own,) Alphonsine, Jane of France, 
Les Batluecas, or Piacide, &c. &c. 

Distinguished for beauty and ucconv 
plishments at an early age ; married 
when very young, and introduced into 
the circles of Paris with much eclat, 
Madame de Genlis unhappily played a 
marked part in the Revolution. She 

• Historical, related ot tbe JefuUVBark, «r 

Digitized by 


SOS Letter* from London. [vol. i 

fled from France in 1799, and did not we rejoice to add that all her writings 

return till the usurpation of Buonaparte, display a sense of religion rather extraor- 

who, in 1805, grauted here pension of dinary in one so intimately associated 

6000 livras. Her pen has been invari- with the unprincipled phUosopkct who 

ably employed on the side of virtue, and have demoralised France.] 



T\flTY hostess having procured some so began chattering away, and soon ink* 
J.TX passes from her young ladies 1 mu- iated me into the mysteries of the whole 
sic-master, we went Last night to a place Italian Opera ; which is, indeed, a most 
of amusement called the Opera, and seat- comical device. The dialogue beiog in 
ed ourselves in the pit, whence we com- Italian, not one in a hundred can know 
mended a prospect of the whole house, the plot of the play — a great advantage 
You cannot imagine a finer sight. Hun- to the author, who may thus write rego* 
dreds of little rooms, lined with crimson, lar nonsense with impunity. Ths dra- 
stood piled one over the other, and were matis persons consist, for the most part, 
full of feathers, diamonds, and ladies, of distressed kings and princesses, who 
Some of these rooms stood on the stage conduct their affairs in recitative, and on 
itself, which was quite proper, consider* all trying occasions, come out with t 
ing that the people in them were evi- song. The fate of an empire is some- 
dently actors, indeed, so the whole times announced by a cadenza. Is the 
company appeared too, and, perhaps, heroine in a fret ? slangs. Is the he* 
those who trod the stage were the only ro in a rage ? he sings too. Does hs 
real spectators ; at least, they were the purpose to attack a citadel ? he sings to 
only persons present, who passed alto- his soldiers on the breach, and his id- 
get her unnoticed, and seemed quite un- diers siog to him, and the enemy oo the 
connected with the entertainment of the battle meats sing to both, and tbea all 
evening. Nobody, except some foreign- three sing to each other ; after which, 
era who sat about me, paid any attention the battle goes on swimmingly, 
to the stage ; however, their enthusiasm People may say that this is unnatural, 
alone was more than sufficient to com- But if the rolling spheres themselves are 
pen sate for the neglect of all besides. I set to music, why should not an afiair of 
know not what they meant by a tenor state have its music too ? Ceitaio lam, 
and a baritono, but, from what they said, that a few fiddles at St. Stephen's would 
I could gather that the civilisation of so- do as mueh service to the natiou as half 
ciety depended in a great measure upon its orators. 

them. One singer, they asserted, had As soon as the opera was over, the 

the happiness of heaving up her notes house began to fill, perhaps because the 

from a considerable depth. Vet I pitied company might then talk without any 

her extremely, for, by the faces she made, interruption from the performers. I 

it was evident the process put her to could perceive strange work going for- 

great pain. ward between the young -gentlemen of 

" Ah, Madame, is it not a charming Fop's alley, and certain fashionable 
soprano ?" exclaimed a yellow little for* graudmothers in the pigeon holes; while 
eigner, turning short round upon me. all around me were greyheaded patri- 
** Iteally," replied I laughing, " I roust archs whispering some demure young 
say 'tis one of the "finest asthmas I ever ladies, who sat magnificently dressed, 
heard in my life." " What are you and perfumed with flowers ; but who, 
about, my dear ?" cried my female com- out of the house, pique themselves upon 
panion, quite shocked : but was answer- their capability in gin, and upon the su- 
ed by the bowing Frenchman who com- perior thunder of their curses, 
plimentedmeashesupposed in high terms. Besides these, there were the staters— 

Delighted with his repartee, be natur- a set of emaciated bloods, who stood 

ally became pleased with the object of it, under the boxes, and ogled the ladies 

Digitized by 


rot. fc.] Another Traveller in America, 209 

over head. It was amazing to see with- groupes of flower girls. Some of them, 
what christian composure and resigna- indeed, were kept long enough, as one 
tion each j>retty creature bore a constel- might see by their wrinkles ; while the 
lation of fifty fixed eyes all concentrated fatness of others shewed plainly, that 
on her face, which, so far from appear- they were, at least, kept well, 
ing discomfited, had even a sort of com- The stage itself was a great deal too 
pany smile upon it, that lasted, with a small for the numbers who sometimes 
sweet sameness, the whole of the night, thronged upon it, nor could one always 
At length the ballet began, and an in- tell whether the scene represented a room 
stantaneous silence reigned through the or a landscape. At least it was no un- 
house ; for it. is a rule there, to seethe common thing to see a piece of sky 
singers, and to hear the dancers. • Not • dangling down from the ceiling, or the 
a billet-doux could drop from a dowa- fag end of a forest growing through the 
ger unheard, &o great was the respect paid side wall of a saloon. 
. to the majesty of toes. Occasional As it was Saturday night, the curtain 
whispers, however,' were ventured now dropped at twelve o'clock, a most proper 
and then. It was observed for instance, regulation, which, however, when first 
that Vestris was in much limb, as be instituted, raised a terrible riot among 
had spun round once and a segment the audience. Perhaps most of them, 
more than usual. Then the eloquence being accustomed to consider church as 
of an attitude, or the pathos of a passeul, another place of public amusement, were 
was pronounced superb, and divers old indignant at this instance of episcopal 
cognoscenti admired the keeping of the partiality. Adieu. 


From the Literary Gazette, June 1817. 

Extracts of IsETTEiLS from a Swiss carpets, which they get from London 
Traveller, in North-Jmerica, and Paris. The parlour furniture is all 
in the summer of 1816. made of mahogany. Every room has its 

NEW-YORKisa tolerably handsome chimney and an iron stove. The roofs 
city, buHt on a peninsula ; the are covered with shingles or with slate, 
houses are of brick in the Dutch style, The streets are very broad, the houses 
and have generally three stories. A are built *«7 regular, ou each side are 
house is often built up in three or four ™i*ed pavements lor the foot passengers. 
weeks. The walls are only two bricks The streets are very clean, the longest of 
thick, and extremely slight. They are tnem is half a league in length, and 
continually building, and there are built according to the plau it is to become in 
annually about 300 houses; notwith- a few years one Jeague. Th.-re aie ten 
standing this, house-reat is dear and one °f tDena > n "* ont an d the same number in 
pays for a decent house from two to breadth. I have not observed any very 
three thousand dollars : many rich per- striking edifice except the Senate House; 
sons build houses on speculation, let them this is a very large building and all of 
to perhaps 15 or 20 families, and gain white marble. New York also possesses 
yearly 50,000 dollars in rent. The a Museum, but it cannot be compared 
inside of the house is, as well as the witn tn0fie m Europe. Theplay-honse 
outside, extremely clean and neat. The is a ver Y wretched building ; they play 
windows are like a looking glass, the on, y m the Wlnter and r ° r lhe mosi 
stairs, floors, &c. are swept and washed P* 1 " 1 tragedies. A pleasant walk has 
daily, and all the brass ornaments polish- beeft mw * e on the hattery, which is 
ed like gold. ' In the dwelling of the indeed worth mentioning: the view one 
farmer, as well as of the gentleman, the ikBS tnef * is delightful ; it is close to the 
rooms are fitted up in a handsome water, where one can overlook the two 
though plain manner, the walls are finely bank* the ships coming and going, and 
papered, tha floors are covered with rici faT io, ° tbc °P* n ** *> ^ * bat ****• 
SO ATH*«E*3fc Vol. ft ^ it more agreeabteis the many high shady 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

310 On the Amusements of Young Mpu [vol. 2. 

trees, on account of the cool sea breezes, dead, neither shops nor public houses are 
in tbe sultry beat of summer. Some opened, every body spends this day at 
churches are worth seeing. There are church, or makes excursions over tbe 
about 100,000 inhabitants, of whom water, which is a quarter of a league 
perhaps the third part may be foreigners, broad, and which they pass in five 
jfrencb, a few Germans, but more En- minutes in steam-boats. These boats 
glish. Almost every body is a merchant, go every morning from four till ten at 
and there is a great deal of trade, par- night, constantly to and fro, they some- 
ticularly to foreign countries. It is one times take in at once 200 persons, also 
of the finest ports, where the ships can coaches, horses, and carts on board. If 
enter with safety both in summer and an American goes into a public house be 
winter. The natives are well made, the seldom spends more than sixpence for a 
women are extremely pretty, and there glass of brandy or rum mixed with water: 
are few who are ugly, and none deform- if there be a party together their general 
ed, but they seldom reach a greater age conversation is of religious disputes ; tbey 
than 30* or 35 ; in their 22nd year they also talk very much of politics, but only 
already lose their bloom. Their dress upon subjects which concern their trade, 
is extremely becoming; the different and consequently they trouble themselves 
ranks are hardly to be distinguished : so little about Europe, except in this one 
it is on a Sunday with the men, the respect ; every thing else is indifferent te> % 
carman wears as fine clothes as the them. They pay little regard to the 
merchant, all are on this day gentlemen, fine arts and sciences, but set * gre** 
The American has a very serious charac- value on mechanical knowledge. They 
ter; he talks little, but he has a good ha ve brought their steam-engines to great 
heart, and is very obliging, especially to perfection ; they now possess a great 
foreigners. The inhabitants of New many steam-boats which can go against 
York work all the week, on Sundays the wind and stream, bring in a great 
there is hardly any body to be seen in deal of money, and are very convenient 
the streets, every thing appears to be to travellers, elegantly built and provided 
♦ We presume there i« tone error here | we with fine rooms. More than twenty of 
know indeed from various antboritet that the these vessels go to Philadelphia, Balti* 
American women do not retain their beaoty ___ Alh*nv Knatnn Str 
long, but do not remember tohave heard that more, Albany, Boston, «c. 
they were to short lived as here 8tated.-£tt.G. To be continued. 


From the European Magazine, August 1817. 

letter T. that pleasure be fixed upon the right 

My dear o—^ object This assumed and granted, 

WHEN a father takes upon biro- I shall feel no hesitation in allowing 
self to dictate to a son upon the you to extend your proposition to its 

nature and measure of his amusements, utmost application. Now, O , I 

the latter is apt to turn round upon bim can have no idea of the propriety of any 
with the memorandum, " Sir, remember amusement that leaves the thoughts 
you once were young, and youth is the more vacant than it found them, or that 
season for amusement" — Now, if such in unbending, weakens the mind ; — and, 
an observation has suggested itself to supposing that you are willing to insist 
you as an answer to my anxiety, I as- upon pleasure as a syooninie for amuse- 
sure you it will instantly be admitted by ment, I can have less conception of the 
roe, for I can recal to my reminiscence word's application to any pursuit that 
the days of my youth with many of produces painful reflection. It is requi~ 
those happy recollections which I wish site, therefore, that this " right object" 
to be realized by you — but if by a- should be defined ; and, if I am not 
xnuaement you mean pleasure, it will be much mistaken, it is for want of a just 
necessary for me to guard my con- sense of this that so many young men 
cession with this one condition, waste their time in idle amusements, and 

Digitized by 


toL. 2,] On the AmuttmerOs of Young Men. • £11 

squander their health in vicious pleasures. Indeed, I am fully convinced, my dear 
— I cannot allow myself to suppose that G— •, that many a young man. whose 
you feel any inclination to do either; better knowledge of his moral obf%ations 
but the result may, perhaps, take place would have kept him safe from this con- 
from being imperceptibly led on to it by tagion, and would have armed him 
the influence of association— and hence against its infection, by referring him to 
it becomes as indispensable, I had al- the first impressions of duty which he 
most said more so, for a young man to had received from a good education, has 
be careful whom he chooses for the com- been gradually seduced into this destruo 
panions of his leisure hours of relaxation, tive insensibility by an unwary associa- 
as be admits he ought to be of those tion with individuals of his own standing 
from whose communications he expects and condition, who, having faited to ap- 
ioatractton in the graver pursuits of life, ply aright the same opportunities, fiave, 
A man is more readily known by his in the low subtilty of their impure ex- 
pleasures than by any other part of his perience, deliberately planned their tri- 
conduct— the character of his mind is umph over his happier ignorance of the 
more clearly unfolded ; he acts less un- existence of vices which they have been 
der the controul of reserve, and the sen* long hackneyed in — and I am sorry to 
timent of his heart pours out itself in all add a too notorious fact in support of 
the flow of natural feeling. Nothing, this assertion, that there is not a more 
therefore, can be more essential to a prolific source of such characters than a 
young man, than that his pleasures mflcantile bouse. The hours of labour, if 
should be so constituted, as neither to labour it can be called, are few — the 
debase the dignity of bis nature, nor, time at their own disposal is considera- 
cornmit bis character to the reproach of ble ; and it unfortunately happens, that 
others or of his own conscience. Re- the season of their leisure is in, that part 
taxation cannot, then, be sought in plea- of die day when all the places of evening 
sum that debilitate the body, or in amusement are open ; and it is thought 
amusements that enervate the mind ; by these " careless ones" a justifiable 
for as the heart is principally concerned appropriation of their gains to squander 
hi our enjoyments, so it can neither find them upon the most seductive of all 
virtuous satisfaction nor useful improve- amusements, those of the theatre, where 
ment in such degrading gratifications, they are seen lounging in the lobby, a 
Indeed, the evil is not merely of a nega- place which may most justly be called 
five kind, since, such is the effect of all the vestibule of vice — they soon become 
corrupt indulgence of the senses, that it familiar with scenes, which to the dis- 
not only vitiates our pumt inclinations, grace of our police, are tolerated, as, 
but dispossesses us even of the power to what has been shamelessly termed " a 
preserve them from its contaminating in- necessary evil" — and the restraints of 
nuence, until, as ou» Miltan has strong- virtuous reflection, too weak to resist the 
ly expresse#ft, • , torrent of temptation, are borne down 

.. ,-. . . ^ . . * , - by the tide of depraved custom ; the 

" The toil] grows clotted by contagion." J , r r , \ 

» j ^nw. moral warnings of early precept and pa- 

There it a passage in Cowper that very rental caution are forgotten, the checks 
beautifully describes the total suhjuga- of conscience repulsed, and the boy 
tion of the mind which such an unwor- boasts of intimacies to which nothing but 
thy sacrifice of its moral diguity is sure infamy can be attached, and makes those 
to produce — allow me to quote it violations his vaunt which have been the 

*4 ™*. M ^ *a-i*4-a • a j Win of hundreds of young men in chor- 

** Pleasai* admitted in nndae decree, . t . A / b , , . 

Enslave* the will, nor leaves tbejudgmeot acter and constitution, by rendering 

—. ._ frre ' . • them regardless of the opinion of the 

1^ heart surrender'd to the rating power world— " Thev care not what neonla 

Of sonenngoverned passion every hour, worm iney care nox wnai people 

Finds by degrees the truths that once bote say of them — they are their own masters, 

« -a .W j *nd are not bound to give an account to 

*TiU Cesar's image is effae'd at last !" latter assertion to be a very mistaken one 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

214 Letters to a Son on Business and Amusements. [you % 

— for the repeated irregularities of their the force of example and the habit of 
criminal course not nnfrequently bring association. We insensibly adopt the 
them into involvements out of which sentiment and the manners of those with 
they seldom or never extricate them- whom we keep op a daily intercourse ; 
selves, but with the loss of their repu- and however ungentlemanly a young 
tation, and the forfeiture of the respect man, at his first entrance upon his career, 
of those on whose favour their future may deem it to be to appear drunk at a 
prospects generally depend. — 1 have a theatre, or whatever effort it may cost 
nigher idea of your prudential estimate him to overcome the' natural diffidence 
of the value of character to a young man of youth so far as to make a prominent 
who has nothing else to depend upon, figure in a theatrical riot, yet when he 
than to suppose these vulgar irregulari- has once enrolled himself in a corps of 
ties can attract your concurrence — and such im pertinents, the chacun a son tour, 
I do not suppose that you would very sooner or later, brings him to the breach ; 
readily lend yourself to their views of and what he would have blamed as the 
ill-bred intrusion upon common deco- disreputable act of another, yesterday, 
ram as to be seen strolling from box to to-day he boasts of as a monstrous good 
box, to the annoyance of the more so- joke, and quite a glorious achievement 
ber-minded part of the audience, or in himself. It is a well known circum- 
parading the lobby with its degraded stance, that, in nine cases out of ten, the 
female occupants, or taking a part in an disturbances at our metropolitan thee- 
O. P. row, or even joining in a preqpi- tres are originated by the insolence and 
certed phalanx of would-be critics to audacity of young clerks in offices, boys 
support or condemn a new production who have just escaped from the rod of 
or performance, according to their igno- the pedagogue, and the sum of whose 
rant standard of judgment and capricious accomplishments amounts to little more 
decisions of personal favoritism or dis- than the rudiments of the Latin Gram- 
taste. I am not inclined to think it pos- mar, a few badly pronounced French 
sible that you would venture to the thea- phrases collected from novels, barely suf- 
tre in a state of intoxication, or that you ficient acquaintance with their own lan- 
would feel it to be a manly indication of guage to write and spell a letter correct- 
superior acumen to proclaim your opin- ly, and just knowledge enough of music 
ion of the merits or demerits of an actor to pick out one of Moore's Irish Melo- 
by making one of a party who insolently dies upon the piano-forte or flute, with a 
take upon themselves to determine for few quotations from Shake pea re, or cant 
the rest of the audience, whether such a phrases from some modern playwright I 
debutant shall be allowed a second trial, do not, however, mean to assert, that 
or such a performance be permitted to there are not to be found in a counting 

reach the second act. No, G ! I house young men of well-educated minds 

am sure you would shun these unwar- and well-regujated manners, which place 
ran table presumptions of levity and ig- them far above, the level of sftpfa illiterate 
norance, and will readily allow, with me, pretenders; but I would be understood 
that there cannot be witnessed a more as describing those who choose the lobby 
despicable, though ludicrous, character as the medium of their play-house recre- 
than a counting-house and office critic, ations, or who intrude themselves among 
who has just emerged from the tram- the more sober-minded frequenters of the 
xnels of boarding-school discipline, and pit whenever they promise themselves 
slipped into manhood by the mere lapse the gratification of a row, as they know* 
of time, presuming to dictate to the town ingly term it. You will tell me, that 
the quantum meruit of a performer or the association of these two orders is 
an author who has conceived himself very rare, and that nothing can be more 
capable of contributing to its amusement low and vulgar than the conduct of the 

Such impudent trespasses upon modesty latter — but I am afraid, G , that the 

and decent deportment I am not prepar- indiscriminate mixture of the bad and 
ed to expect from you ; yet so it is, good in every great city not unfrequently 
G , that we are seldom proof agaiust blends all the distinguishing shades of 

Digitized by 


¥ol. S.] On tie Amusements of Young Men. tl$ 

virtuous and vicious character 10 one courage enough to put in practice, 

general blot of contamination. If I am There certainly is a seeming injustice in 

mistaken, my error originates in that re- such a criterion ; yet as it is the cus- 

port which professes to convey the com- torn of society, which can only judge 

mon repute of such situations. Howev- according to what it sees of the behaviour 

er, I will conclude that you are not emu- of any one of its members, the best math* 

bus of that questionable fame which the od of escaping the judgment is to avoid 

more depraved part of such employes so all appearance of evil, and to shun the 

anxiously pursue, at the risk of their company of those whose habits may be* 

reputation, their health, and their ap- tray us into it. One night's confinement 

pointments — and that you have too high in a watch-house, for even an unprenied- 

a sense of what is due to yourself to itated implication in a street broil, will 

commit your character and credit to a be related and recorded to the, prejudice 

similar hazard. There is a very good of a young man, when his regular ap* 

story told us, G , by way of fable, pearance at church will never be thought 

about a pigeon and three cranes — the of. Illiberal as this may be considered, 
former took a casual flight, with the lat- yet it has some reason on its side ; for 
ter, and on his first essay was unluckily hewhodoeshis duty does no more than 
seized as the companion of the latter, he is expected to do, but he who violates 
who were caught in the mischievous it disappoints this expectation ; and the 
trespass of a predatory excursion — the violation is therefore more marked than 
pigeon, who, it seems, had but a little the performance of it. If I have form- 
before trusted to his wings, and had ed a warrantable estimate of your con- 
been deemed by the maternal bird able science, my dear O , I would con- 
to fly alone, had only the day before elude, that in all such irregularities you 
left his domesticated dove-cote*— greatly will not look for what may be justly 
delighted with the unrestrained range termed Relaxation — since whatever tends 
and expansive course of his bold asso- to degrade the man can never delight the 
dates, he followed where they led, and mind, for none but the habitually vicious 
in an evil hour was taken in the snare of can find pleasure in vice. — I will not, 
the fowler, who answered the exculpa- therefore, even suspect you of being, by 
tory pleadings of the inexperienced bird any possibility of your own choice, at 
by an old adage that has served on many any time likely to be involved in such 
such an occasion — " Evil oommunica- unworthy implications. — Your own dis- 
tions corrupt food manners, a man is crimination between right and wrong, I 
judged according to the company that doubt not, has anticipated my preaeut 
be keeps.*' — The reply, perhaps, is ra- caution ; and were I indeed to feel any 
ther trite ; but we may suppose that the doubt, I should adopt the language of 
man possessed common sense enough to the poet, 

parry the evasion of fcs captive, and a wfce ^ erMH|llll , po8ieoriMlprillldfclir 

that the latter had not sufficient to reflect, Does arbitrate uV event, my nawre it, 

that the world ia general forms its esti- That 1 incline to hope rather th»n fear, 

mate of character more commonly from A^«^#t^^ 
the plain evidence of conduct, than from 

the abstract principles of better know- There is, however, one possibility which 

ledge which may be possessed by those I must guard you against, as it relates to 

who have not sufficient resolution to ad- tna * effervescence of youthful piety in 

here to them— and hence it unfortunate- which a young man's prudence is some- 

ly happens, that one lapse from moral times suffered to evaporate. Young 

prudence in a youth, who allows him- roen * n subordinate stations are in the 

self to act in opposition to the dictates nabit °f forming a species of fellowship 

of his conscience and the precepts of bis in their pleasurable pursuits, and by 

education, is taken as the stamp of his wa y °f relaxing their minfls from 

mind, and fixes the currency of public * ne g raver burdens of duty, institute 

opinion as to its intrinsic worth, sooner c, "bs, at which they meet to dine 

than a hundred virtues which he has not "P°° peculiar occasions, and thoee 

Digitized by 



OUo Von Kotztbuc't Voyage round (he World. 


who are supposed to be best able to 
afford the expense are admitted into their 
party. This sort of association is very 
apt to attract the buoyant spirits of 
youth — but as the difficulty of main* 
tabling the influence of moderation is 
usually considered too great a task for 
exertion, it now and then occurs that 
temperance is turned out of the room : 
and in the absence of this virtue, (which 
all have agreed in ranking among the 
most amiable qualities of youth) the 
reins are given to the passions, and the 
mind is carried away in their impetuous 
course beyond all the bounds of moral 
circumspection. And when all things 
turn round with us, G— — , no wonder 
if the judgment stumbles :— from the 
table, an adjournment is usually made to 
the theatre, and there all that I have 
hinted at takes place ; or if their revel- 
lings should be carried to a length that 
disqualifies the party for this continu- 
ance of them, they usually terminate in 
quarrels among themselves, or disorder- 
ly conduct in the streets, and their jo- 
vial career finishes in a watch-house. — 
*fheo follows the customary exposure — 
bail jnust be found — to obtain which, 
some friend must be applied to— then 
the magistrate's summons must be attend- 
ed to— and they are placed at the bar of 
'justice, with the rest of the delinquents 
of the night, who, whatever may be the 
greater degree of their criminal turpitude, 
are, for the time, their fellows. This is 
a result which certainly cannot have any 
thing to do with the rationale of recrea- 
tion ; and if ever you should "Unhap- 
pily be brought into this dilemma, by 
allowing your complacency to cheat you 
of your prudence, I have little doubt 
but that, when your recollectiou shall be 

returned, yon will remember those lines 

" Save m? from the raiety of those 
Whose headaches nail them to a nooo-diy bed ) 
From sjailt that ills the booetwith pain, 
The mouth with blasphemy, the heart with 

— Now I presume you will admit, that 
the recreation which this letter has in 
view, can scarely be found in a waste of 
time, of health, and purse, so senseless 
as this is. — Well then, you will tell me 
that an hour or two spent in sobermiod- 
edness at the theatre, to see a good play 
and a good actor, cannot be objected to 
upon any such grounds— since- it affords 
information and entertainment so weft 
blended as to recreate the mind and body 
at the same time — the intellect and the 
animal spirits are both assisted and re- 
freshed. — Do not suppose that I wish to 
deny this — but I am not bound to ad- 
mit too large a multiple of your " hour 
or two" — and in my next letter I will 
tell you why. In the mean time, my 

dear G , assure yourself, that while 

I do not wish to sea you numbered 
among those who 

-.. — .,. « know no fatigue 
Bat that of idleness, and taste no scenes 
Bat such as art contrives, 9 *— 

I am ready to allow you a right to seek 
remission from the fatigues of business 
in those scenes of pleasurable indulgence 
which may always preserve a uniformity 
of keeping, with the brightest prospects 
of your life. That these may be realiz- 
ed to your hopes, and to the justification 
and accomplishment of my present anx- 
ieties, is the sincere wish, and will 1>e 
the happiest experience, of 

V our affectionate Father, 



From the Literary Onette, July 1817. 

THE Berlin Gazette gives the follow- 14° of latitude, and 144° of longitude, 
ing account of this expedition, To these islands he gave the names of 
which has been received from Kamt- Romanzow (the author and equipper of 
schatka. Letters of an earlier date, the whdte expedition,) Spiridow X* n 
which, after having doubled Cape Horn, Admiral under whom Kotzebue former- 
he sent from the coast of Chili, have ly served several years,) and Krusenstern 
been lost, or at least are not yet come to (with whom he made his first voyage 
hand. Mr. V. Kotzebue discovered round the world.) Besides these he 
three new islands in the South. Sea, in discovered a long chain of islands in the 

Digitized by 


vol. &*] Otto Von Kotztibue's Voyage round (he World. 5U5 

same quarter, and two clusters of islands of horses, by two strong oxen. I could 
in the 11th degree of latitude, and 100th not help laughing when I saw a whole 
degree of longitude. (It is not specified row of these smart equipages arrive fill- 
wbether the latitude is N. or S. or the ed with ladies ; but the surprise is very 
longitude E. or W.) These he called pleasant, when one sees crawling out of 
after his ships Bunk's Chain ; the two these ugly cages well-educated and 
latter Kutusow's Cluster (a group) and handsome young ladies, who are not «t 
Suwarrow's Cluster. All these islands ail inferior to the European ladies either 
are very woody, partly uninhabited, and in the elegance and taste of their dress, 
dangerous for navigators. The diacov- or in the politeness of their behaviour, 
erer has sent to Count Romanzow a The quantity of their shining diamonds 
great many maps and drawings. On would be envied by many an European 
the 12th of July O. S. Kotzebue design- lady. At three in the afternoon all my 
ed to sail from Kamtschatka to Bearing's boats were ready at the beach to receive 
Straits, according to his instructions, my guests. My ship was in the greatest 
He hoped to return to Kamtschatka in order, and richly furnished with all sorts 
September .1817. On the whole voy- of refreshments, but the number of the 
age from Chili to that place he had not a guests was too great to entertain them sit 
single person sick on board. He touched at once on board the little Rurik (the 
at Easter bland ; but did not find the name of the ship.) Accordingly my; 
inhabitants so friendly as La Peyrouse boats remained in constant activity, tq 
describes them. He thinks that some- carry those on shore again whose curios- 
thing must have happened since that ity was satisfied, and to bring others io 
tune which has made thei* distrustful their place. 

of the Europeans : perhaps it may be At sunset the company left the ship to 
the overturning of their surprisingly large dress for the ball, The Rurik was ad-, which Kotzebue looked for in mired by all of them. The Governor 
vain, and found only the ruins of one of remained the last on board. The crowd 
them near its base, which still remains, of die ladies amused him very much, be- 
He saw no fruits from the seeds left by cause there were but a few gentlemen ; 
La Peyrouse, nor any sheep or hogs, in fact the women are here ten times as 
which by this time must have multiplied numerous as the men. As the Gover- 
exceedingly. A single fowl was brought nor left the ship I saluted him with eight 
biro for sale. It seems we may hope gnns, which were immediately answered 
much from this young seamen, who is by the fort. On shore 1 had transform- 
not yet SO years of age. He was obi ig- ed a great magazine into a ball-room, 
ed for many reasons to leave the learned and ornamented it with many trees. As 
Dane Wormskrold behind in Karat- it was brilliantly illuminated, nobody 
acbatka. • perceived that they were in a great corn 

■ magazine. In two places were trans- 

Ejctract from the Journal of the parencies, which were symbolical of the 
Circumnavigator Otto Von friendship between the two powers. At 
Kotzebjje, sent to his Father, eight o'clock the ball began ; there was 
—Comminicated by the latter. much . danc > n § ; refreshments of all kinds 
T^gn^onthecc^ofcidii, were » abundance, and the company 
3d or March, 1816. seemed very cheerful. In another house. 

This was the day on which the curios- which was only separated by a garden 
ity of the ladies of the town of Concep- from the ball-room, the guests went to 
tton was to be satisfied. Yesterday and supper, and were surprised by a tire- 
this morning there arrived many out of work, at which they seemed very much 
tba^town ; and the ladies wUa^iid not pleased. At two o'clock in the morn- 
like to ride so loug a way on horseback, ing the ball became more animated, and 
came in an odd kind of carriage ; four- was kept up with great spirit till six 
cornered boxes quite like our dog-ken- o'clock. The sun was already high 
nels, which rested upon immensely large when I accompanied K>me of my princi- 
wheels made of boards, drawn, instead pal gueeTaiiome. In the town they had 

Digitized by 



Otto Von Kotzcbufs Voyage round the fVorUL 


thought till now that the Russians went 
on all-fours, and that they much resem- 
bled monkies, but now I had the pleas- 
ure to hear that they were ashamed of 
their error. The Governor, as well as 
the inhabitants of Talcagnano solemnly 
promised that whenever any Russians 
came here they would receive them in 
the most friendly manner. It gives me 
great pleasure to leave behind such a fa- 
vourable idea of our nation ; if any of 
our mariners should come to this place in 
future it may be of use to them. Tht 
company consisted of more than 200, of 
whom two thirds were ladies. On the 
5th of March I was quite ready to leave 
Talcagnano, when a disagreeable occur- 
rence made me stay some days longer. 
One of my sailors deserted this morning : 
I had thought none to be capable of such 
an action, as all of them made the voy- 
age with their own free will, and had not 
the slightest thing to complain of. I 
heard that a love intrigue was the cause : 
in vain I offered a reward of a hundred 
dollars to him who would bring him 
back to me. He must have found very 
good friends, as, though I waited three 
days for him, I could hear nothing of 
him. Meanwhile the Governor had re- 
ceived an order from his King to receive 
us as friends, he gave me a copy of it. 
On the 8th March we weighed anchor 
with a good wind, and very soon lost 
sight of Talcagnano. The commandant 
who had uow accustomed himself to our 
company, and dined with us almost ev- 
ery day, remained on board till the last 
moment, and departed from us with 
tears. All of us were penetrated with 
the friendly reception which was shown 
to us on this coast, and all were much 
affected as we lost sight in the evening of 
this beautiful country. On the 10th of 
March, at six in the evening, we per* 
ceived a singular motion of the ship, and 
heard at a distance a noise as if a car- 
riage passed over a rough wooden 
bridge : this lasted each time about a half 
a minute, and was repeated every two or 
three minutes. In an hour there was noth- 
ing more to be heard. Without doubt, 
three was at that moment an earthquake 
in America, because the noise came 

from the land, although we were* dis- 
tant from it, and the west wind blew to- 
wards it Afterwards we proceeded 
rapidly with a fine east wind, and had 
the most delightful weather. On the 
16th I touched the Parallel, on which 
Krusenstern supposes Davisland to lie. 
A tropic bird was seen. On the 18th 
we took manjr distances. We may 
pretty well depend on the exactness of 
our observations as three observers were 
employed in them, and there never was 
any considerable difference in the longi- 
tude found. Although I followed my 
instructions very exactly, I could not 
discover Davisland, and bad not the 
least sign of being near land. On the 
20th I threw a well-corked bottle into 
the sea, with a paper in it on which was 
written that " the Rurik had in vain 
sought here for Davisland." From 
here I directed my course a little to- 
wards the north, to seek for Wareham's 
rocks. The chronometer began to-day 
to change its going considerably. On 
the 22d we had a calm, with high 
waves from the south, which shook the 
little Rurik very much. Some Tropical 
birds were seen. On the 24th we pass- 
ed the place on which Wareham's rocks 
is marked on Arrowsmith's map, but we 
discovered nothing, though the horizon 
was very clear, and we could see very 
far. The Island of Sal<*, which we 
saw on the 26th, has quite the appear- 
ance of a rock, and has perhaps been 
taken by a false calculation of the long- 
itude for a new discovered rock. We» 
observed it through our telescopes, and 
could plainly distinguish the objects on 
shore. No green covered the bare rocks 
which lay there scattered in Urge masses, 
and by their black-grey cotair give the 
island a most dreary look. Many thou- 
sands of sea-birds have chosen it for 
their abode. Even when we could see 
it no longer we were surrounded by 
Frigate-birds and Pelicans, some of 
which we shot. The surf broke vio- 
lently on the rocks, but we could not 
discover the fragments of a wrecked 
ship, which were said to be still here : 
perhaps the waves have carried then 

CqatiB—dia— r iwf . 

Digitized by 


Vol. 4.] Modern Bards. 217 


To the Editor of the London Literary Gazette. 

PI1HE present state of our poetry always useful in general criticism, and I 

JL demands some serious considera- shall take one among many instances, 

tion ; and with your permission, Sir, I from The Siege of Corinth. The poet 

shall, from time to time, enter into a is describing the dead after a battle. 

general critique upon iV and upon the „ ^ 

peculiarities of our living writers, trough uke ^ ^ ^ ^ clogc of ^ n 

the medium of your Gazette. That a 

decided revolution has lately taken place So far this is a most happy illustration, 

in the poetical commonwealth, is obvi- and one would suppose, perfectly com- 

ious to the roost obtuse capacity; but prehensible. Nevertheless the poet adds, 

whether this change has proved benefic- -t ^ . , „...„. 

- i .i. • l j- * j "When his work U done on the levelled plain; 

lal, or otherwise, may be disputed even a " " ^„ v!r - A , . „ 

u \x. s J • r Such was the fall of the foremost slain." 

by the most sagacious. 

It is urged, and not unjustly, in favour Not one new idea is gained by the 
of modern bards, that they seek chiefly fetter couplet, but the impression of the 
to excite our stronger and more sublime former is much enfeebled by it. 
feelings, that they cultivate impassioned T ne « solitude of a crowd," and 
sentiment, and lay open the inmost re- "solitude sometimes is best society," 
cesses of the human heart On this are hackneyed adages enough. But in 
point, I will allow their superiority over the Childe Harold, these are hammered 
the writers of the last age. The princi- ou t to a diameter of eighteen lines, 
pie which they have adopted,, is noble ; which end with this tautologous Alex- 
out it remains to say, whether the way andrine : 

by which they would effect their object, „ TW§ . § ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ u ^^.v 
is adequate and legal. Speaking gener- 
ally, they have so far improved upon the The word solitude, as a termination, 
past, as to discard all those prettin esses, reminds me of another error into which 
sparkling points, and pert antitheses, late writers have fallen, either by a fash- 
which are the natural result of verbal ionable negligence of composition, or a 
correctness, when carried to extreme, fondness for imitating Gothic models. 
But have they not substituted instead, They perpetually close their lines with 
another fault of quite an opposite species, such galloping dactyls, as revelry, dreri- 
and regarded language, which is the inent, withering, murmuring, &c. which 
mirror of thought, with too much inat- always fall weakly and ungracefully on 
teotion ? Do they polish that mirror the ear. Now and then, perhaps, such 
sufficiently ? Do they not, on the con- words may give variety to the measure, 
trary, leave its surface so rugged, that but they should be used very seldom , 
the beauty of an idea is often blunted by indeed. 

the dimness, or distorted by the obliqui- Next in order of absurdity, comes the 
ty of the medium which reflects it 1 resuscitation of defunct words and idi- 

In place, then, of obscurity from too oms ; the " rede me aright*," and " by 
much condensation, we have obscurity my fays," which find themselves sud- 
from too much diffuseness ; which latter, denly exorcised out of their charnet- 
aa being the more tedious evil of the houses, and all shrouded as they are, 
two, must needs be the greater. In the ushered into the gay world among bloom 
same spirit of inordinate elongation, some and glitter. 

of the most striking thoughts are spun So much has already been said on 
out to an extent, which utterly destroys this subject, and the incongruity of the 
their striking quality. Each idea is re- innovation is so evident, that I shall 
peated, and each succeeding repetition pass it by, to make way for another, 
is weaker than the former. Example is somewhat similar in it* nature, and not 

3E Athkneu*. Vol. 2i 

Digitized by 


Sl< French Maamert—Bourdeaux and U$ Environs. [vol. 2. 

lew destructive of fine and elegant poet- be cannot pint their motion. Then 
ry. I mean the use of expletives, tbey remain, atuck in the sky for ever, 
Why those veteran supernumeraries and the longer we gase at them, the 
should again be brought into the field, more we discover, that, while theexter- 
I cannot imagine. Neither can I conceive nal resemblance is accurate, the internal 
upon what principle of taste, elh and aih impulse, which animated the original, is 
and Uh are now so commonly made to wanting. 

terminate the present tense, instead of It were, indeed, most desirable, that 
plain letter s. Then we have compound our living poets should take pattern only 
substantives wit hot it number — watch- from the spirit and nature of our dead, 
flame, forest-monarch, death-ball, and and avoid all those mimickries which are 
battle-field. merely mechanical. A polished age re- 

Some of the errors which I have enu- Quires a polished language, and though 
merated, (and many more remain,) are the talent of thinking; well be far superior 
either the devices of a lazy pea, or of to the art of expressing well, yet the for- 
one which affect* the force and ease of mer, as a social quality, is almost irapo- 
Spencer, Chaucer, and Shakspeare. But tent without the latter. We know awt 
the melancholy part of the matter is, that the solidity of the diamond is more valu- 
faults are more easily copied than beau- able than the polish which it receives ; 
ties, and. that what constitutes a beauty but we likewise know, that its intrinsic 
in the prototype, often transfers a fault excellence were useless without its exte- 
into the imitation. An artist may paint rior brilliancy, 
a flying bird or a flash of lightning, but 


Ftmtke Ltocrtrjf Gt ittttt » 

^J^^fZ.^^TJ'ntSrSZ * NJm « ? but "« oat in wdi good 

Gayanna, the rabjeet of wtuek was the mannert of preservation. 

the Freneh metropolis, hat now resolved to give r 

anaitar tketAet or the manner* of the provinces, As for modem edifices the Only re- 

SLUa^kW markableones, I believe, are the Theatre, 

XrtSS&^^^^'iiS^ the finest in Europe, considered as a 
S^f^h. WeikaU sire from ti»e to time ■oine monument of architecture ; the Archie* 

of Kb sketches on inannm,waicaDiay rait cae plan . n , - . ' ,. . , 

and the Haw* of our work. J piscopal Falace, a fine betiding with a 

130URDEALJX — I know not what magnificent garden containing a very 
**-* place should be assigned to Bour- great quantity of valuable plants and 
deaux, among the three great cities in trees : this is now the royal residence 
France, which dispute with each other of the French princes when they are at 
the first rank after the capital; but I Bourdeauz;fA6fircnange;somechurch* 
think I may affirm that (except Constan- es, of which St. Andrews the cathedral, 
ttnople) there is none in Europe which is the finest ; the Moulin de$ Char trim* t 
presents a more charming and striking the erection of which cost enormous 
appearance than Bourdeaux does, when sums, but which is now so dilapidated 
you approach by the Bastide. Bour* as to be of no use. It is with this hy- 
deaux is built in the form of a half circle draulic machine as with that of Marly, 
on the fine river Qaronne, which forms it would cost less to build it anew then 
exactly the chord of an immense arch, to repair it. 

which the eye embraces at one view in The genius of the Arts perhaps never 
all its magnificence. This city was par- conceived a bolder undertaking than thai 
ticnlarly favoured by the Romans, who of the Pont de la Bastide, which is at 
built here a magnificent temple to the this moment executing at Bourdeaux. 
tutelary Gods, of which we have re- The possibility of throwing a bridge over 
mains; and some ceoturies afterwards, a river, so broad and rapid as the Garonne 
the Palais Gullen the ruins of which is at this place, has long been a sub-* 
(the only ones worthy of attention) have ject of controversy ; at present it js no 
much resemblance to the amphitheatre longer doubtful : the third pier is up, 

Digitized by 


vpu *.] Sketches cf Modern Society— The Farmer'* Daughter. $19 

and the first two have already stood tori- generally obtain the price of splendor ; 

als they might hare been supposed an- the Chapeau Rouge of elegance, 
able to go through. Ton years unin- In direct opposition to these two eel- 

terrupted labour will scarcely suffice to ebrated quarters, may be placed that of 

finish this magnificent work, the ex pence the Jews, situated at the other extremity 

of which cannot be estimated at less than of the city, and of which the street Bou- 

80 millions. haul forms the greatest part. The Jews 

The environs as far as one can judge of Bourdeaux are distinguished from the 

in winter do not afford an indemnity for rest of the inhabitants, with whom they 

the poverty of the promenades. Except have no intercourse, by the long features 

a pretty large space called Venire deux of the face, by their complexion, their ao 

vters, between the Garonne and the cent, and an habitual uncleanliness which 

Dordogne, where there are fine situations is not always confined to their dress, 

and some wooded hills, all the rest of the The Jewish tradesmen in the street 

country is flat and arid. The soil is al- Bouhaut, are constantly at the door of 

most wholly reserved for the cultivation their shops to watch for customers ; they 

of vines, the immense, produce of which are not contented with merely inviting 

annually reminds the proprietors of what them to enter, but press and persecute 

they gam by sacrificing nothing to orna- them in so urgent a manner, that one is 

ment. sometimes obliged to use force to get 

The Chapeau Rouge and the Chatrom out of their bands? Among the Jewa 

are incomparably the two finest and two of Bourdeaux there are several families 

richest quarters of the city : the latter, who are very rich, such as the Rabat?, 

situated beyond the Chateau trompette, the Gradis, and some well-informed 

is chiefly inhabited by families of for- men, at the head of whom public opin- 

eign extraction, the roost of whom have ion places Mr. Furtado. 
been settled there for two or three gen- The Gascon patois is here in general 

erationa. These houses, and some oth- use among the lower class of people,aod 

ers of Chapeau Rouge, which are more persons of good education are conse- 

anciently French, compose what is cal- quently obliged to understand and speak 

led Le haul commerce^ that is a class of it Hence a great number of popular 

merchants still more respectable for their expressions have been insensibly iotro- 

probity than their riches. duced into the language of good com- 

Fronj time immemorial there has ex- pany, which they have at last corrupted, 

isted between the inhabitants Of the One might form a whole volume of 

Chapeau Rouge, and those of the Chat- these words which are merely of local 

rone a rivalship in which the women of use, and which no analogy assists one to 

course act the first part. When they comprehend. It is, however, but just 

are to meet at a fete, or ball, you may to confess that these local expressions, 

depend on their exerting all their efforts are met with (in the higher clasees,)more 

to outdo each other in dress, grace and frequently in the mouths of the men than 

beauty, the expence of which is gener- of the women, who being for the most 

ously provided for by the fathers and part educated at Paris, express tbem- 

husbands. In this struggle, where vie- selves with elegance and without the 

tory is often uncertain, the Chatrom least accent. 


Prom the Literary Gftictte. 

Tm modern farmer's daughter, three generations, She was parttcular- 

DAME Oreenfield made her appear- ly pious, thrifty and retired in her hab- 
ance above half a century ago ; its ; for which reason she was not mar- 
bar parents were honest, plain, homely ried until nearly thirty-five, and her sole 
Kple ; and the occupation of a fanner offspring was a daughter. As this 
not been changed in the family for joung lady did sot figure in th* event-. 

Digitized by 



Sketches of Modem Society — The Farmer's Daughter. [vol. 2. 

ful Drama of life till thirty-five years af- The period of education concluded, 
ter her mother, there was a great con- she returned in sullen misery to Friar's 
trast between them. Matters throve so Court Farm, and turned up her nose at 
well with the industrious economical every object, from the barn-door chick- 
couple, that Miss was looked up to as a en to the family cat, and from Doll the 
sort of an heiress, and this precious unit dairy-maid up to the honest parson of 
was considered as the most valuable pro- the parish. Of Pa she got desperately 
perty in their whole stock and crop. ashamed ; and Cousin Winbush was 

Mrs. Greenfield's Christian name was informed, with the most ineffable con- 
Margery, and her honest husband called tempt, never to presume to call her Peg- 
her Madge ; but